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S. 535: Global War on Terrorism Memorial Location Act

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About the bill

Is this the way to honor those who lost their lives?


4,431 U.S. military members have died in Iraq and 2,352 have died in Afghanistan since 2001.

There are official national memorials for U.S. service members who died in World War IWorld War IIthe Korean War, and Vietnam, but not for the post-2001 Global War on Terror. (Interestingly, there is no official national Civil War memorial either.)

The Global War on Terrorism Memorial Act of 2017 authorized a private tax-exempt foundation to begin the process of raising money for and designing the potential memorial. Taxpayer funds were explicitly banned. The law was relatively noncontroversial, passing by a voice vote in the House and by unanimous consent in the Senate.

So can’t …

Sponsor and status

Joni Ernst

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Iowa. Republican.

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Last Updated: Dec 16, 2021
Length: 6 pages
Mar 2, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Ordered Reported on Nov 18, 2021

The committees assigned to this bill sent it to the House or Senate as a whole for consideration on November 18, 2021.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


56 Cosponsors (38 Republicans, 17 Democrats, 1 Independent)

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

One Step Closer to Making This a Reality: Ernst, Hassan Bill to Create Global War on Terrorism Memorial Advances in Senate
    — Sen. Joni Ernst [R-IA] (Sponsor) on Nov 18, 2021

Risch-Sponsored MAPLand Act, Legislative Priorities Pass in Committee
    — Sen. James Risch [R-ID] (Co-sponsor) on Nov 18, 2021

ICYMI: Westermans climate change solution: Plant trees
    — Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR4] on Jun 30, 2021

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates new spending due to S. 535 will be negligible.


Mar 2, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jun 23, 2021
Considered by National Parks

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

Nov 18, 2021
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Dec 16, 2021
Reported by Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 535 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 535. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 535 — 117th Congress: Global War on Terrorism Memorial Location Act.” 2021. August 17, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.