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S. 79: EQUAL Act

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About the bill

The ratio was 100:1 starting in 1986, then 18:1 starting in 2010. Should it be 1:1 now?

Context

Cocaine is federally classified as a Schedule II drug, the category with the second-highest potential for dependence and abuse, alongside the likes of Vicodin, Adderall, and meth.

The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 created a 100:1 ratio for sentencing people who were caught with crack cocaine versus powder cocaine. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, black people are more likely to use crack cocaine, so the law had a disproportionate effect on nonwhites.

The law was partially crafted and advocated by then-Sen. Joe Biden, though he has subsequently walked back his support. “We were told by the experts that ‘crack, you never go back,’ that ...

Sponsor and status

Cory Booker

Sponsor. Junior Senator for New Jersey. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 28, 2021
Length: 3 pages
Introduced
Jan 28, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Status

Introduced on Jan 28, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on January 28, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Cosponsors

3 Cosponsors (2 Republicans, 1 Democrat)

Prognosis
4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)
Source

History

Jan 28, 2021
 
Introduced

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
 
Passed Committee

 
Passed Senate

 
Passed House

 
Signed by the President

S. 79 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 79. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 79 — 117th Congress: EQUAL Act.” www.GovTrack.us. 2021. June 24, 2021 <https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/117/s79>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.