About the bill
The ratio was 100:1 starting in 1986, then 18:1 starting in 2010. Should it be 1:1 now?
Cocaine is federally classified as a Schedule II drug, the category with the second-highest potential for dependence and abuse, alongside the likes of Vicodin, Adderall, and meth.
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 created a 100:1 ratio for sentencing people who were caught with crack cocaine versus powder cocaine. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, black people are more likely to use crack cocaine, so the law had a disproportionate effect on nonwhites.
The law was partially crafted and advocated by then-Sen. Joe Biden, though he has subsequently walked back his support. “We were told by the experts that ‘crack, you never go back,’ that the two were …
Sponsor and status
Sponsor. Junior Senator for New Jersey. Democrat.
Last Updated: Jan 28, 2021
Length: 3 pages
117th Congress (2021–2023)
This bill was introduced on January 28, 2021, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.
Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).
35 Cosponsors (23 Democrats, 11 Republicans, 1 Independent)
What legislators are saying
“Congressman Jim Himes announces $500,000 Federal Grant to the Barnum Museum”
— Rep. James “Jim” Himes [D-CT4] on Sep 22, 2021
“reps. Jeffries, waters lead cbc colleagues to call for senate vote on bipartisan equal act”
— Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY8] on Apr 5, 2022
Jan 28, 2021
Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.
Sep 28, 2021
Companion Bill — Passed House (Senate next)
This activity took place on a related bill, H.R. 1693 (117th), possibly in lieu of similar activity on S. 79 (117th).
Feb 16, 2023
Reintroduced Bill — Introduced
This activity took place on a related bill, S. 524.
S. 79 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.
A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.
Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 79. This is the one from the 117th Congress.
This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.
How to cite this information.
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GovTrack.us. (2023). S. 79 — 117th Congress: EQUAL Act. Retrieved from https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/117/s79
“S. 79 — 117th Congress: EQUAL Act.” www.GovTrack.us. 2021. March 24, 2023 <https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/117/s79>
EQUAL Act, S. 79, 117th Cong. (2021).
|title=S. 79 (117th)
|accessdate=March 24, 2023
|author=117th Congress (2021)
|date=January 28, 2021
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Where is this information from?
GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.