IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 18, 2021
Mr. Coons (for himself, Mr. Rubio, Ms. Hassan, and Mr. Cornyn) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To establish the Office of Supply Chain Preparedness within the Department of Commerce to manage the partnership of the United States with private industry and State and local governments with respect to the manufacturing of critical resources, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
National Manufacturing Guard Act.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that—
the COVID–19 pandemic has—
exposed significant vulnerabilities in the manufacturing sector of the economy of the United States; and
led to equipment shortages, supply chain bottlenecks, and workforce misalignments;
the vulnerabilities described in paragraph (1) go largely unnoticed until those vulnerabilities are revealed by crises, such as disease outbreaks, cyber attacks, natural disasters, national security threats, wars, trade wars, embargoes, and other emergencies;
the crises described in paragraph (2) produce valuable information, the collection and analysis of which can inform policies to fortify the economy of the United States against future threats;
the responsibility for promoting the economic resilience of the United States lies with the Federal Government, which must not miss the opportunity presented by the COVID–19 pandemic to learn from that crisis and prepare the United States to better withstand future emergencies; and
the Federal Government has an interest in increasing educational and training opportunities for underrepresented minorities, women, and veterans.
In this Act:
The term Council means the Supply Chain Advisory Council established under section 5.
The term crisis means a situation that threatens the ability of manufacturers and supply chains in the United States to provide sufficient critical resources.
The term critical resources—
means supplies that—
are life-sustaining or otherwise critical to the national security of the United States; and
may be subject to national shortages during a pandemic, cyber attack, natural disaster, or other catastrophic event; and
includes items classified as—
personal protective equipment;
pharmaceuticals or biopharmaceuticals;
medical supplies; or
other resources to be determined by the Director, in consultation with the Council, which may include healthcare-related supplies or other supplies.
The term Data Exchange means the Supply Chain Data Exchange established under section 7.
The term Director means the Director of the Office.
The term Guard means the National Manufacturing Guard established under section 6.
The term host organization means an entity that—
offers an apprenticeship with respect to which there is a registered apprenticeship program (as defined in section 29.2 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor regulation); and
an industry consortium or trade group;
a Manufacturing USA institute;
an MEP center;
an academic or research institute, or
a labor organization.
The term industry partner means a manufacturer, producer, supplier, or distributor of a critical resource.
The term Manufacturing Corps means the Manufacturing Corps established under section 8.
Manufacturing USA institute
The term Manufacturing USA institute means an institute described in section 34(d) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278s(d)).
The term MEP center has the meaning given the term Center in section 25(a) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278k(a)).
The term Office means the Office of Supply Chain Preparedness established under section 4.
The term registered apprenticeship—
means an apprenticeship with a host organization for which there is a registration of an apprenticeship agreement (as defined in section 29.2 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor regulation); and
does not include an apprenticeship under an Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Program under subpart B of part 29 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor regulation.
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.
Office of Supply Chain Preparedness
There is established within the Department of Commerce the Office of Supply Chain Preparedness.
The Office shall be headed by a Director, to be appointed by the Secretary.
The purpose of the Office shall be to—
establish and manage the partnerships of the Federal Government with industry partners and State, local, territorial, and Tribal governments to respond to crises;
develop capabilities to—
determine which resources qualify as critical resources;
make the supply of critical resources more resilient; and
coordinate the distribution of critical resources to areas that have the greatest needs during a crisis; and
develop contingency plans to ensure a robust supply chain response for potential crises.
The Director shall—
the responsibilities of members of the Council; and
the procedures governing the service of members of the Council;
establish procedures relating to the operation of the Council, including the frequency with which the Council meets;
identify critical vulnerabilities in the supply chains of critical resources, including vulnerabilities exacerbated by the COVID–19 pandemic;
coordinate the preparedness and response of the supply chains of critical resources during a crisis by—
coordinating with Federal agencies;
managing partnerships of the Federal Government with industry partners; and
directing the Guard;
direct the establishment and operations of the Guard, the Data Exchange, and the Manufacturing Corps; and
maintain collaborations with industry partners that contribute to the Data Exchange.
Report on Director
Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report relating to the appointment of the Director.
Report on council
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress a report that—
identifies the members of the Council; and
states, with respect to the members of the Council—
the respective areas of expertise of the members; and
the expected roles of the members.
Report on activities
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress a report that includes—
a summary of the activities of the Council and the Office; and
a preliminary plan for—
the establishment of the Guard, the Data Exchange, and the Manufacturing Corps, including cost estimates, preliminary timelines, and expected resource needs; and
carrying out the responsibilities of the Director under sections 6, 7, and 8.
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Council shall submit to Congress a report that includes—
a list of resources that the Director has determined to be critical resources and the justification for the determination;
a list of manufacturing and supply chain vulnerabilities identified under subsection (d)(3); and
recommendations for mitigating the vulnerabilities listed under subparagraph (B).
The Director may appoint staff to manage the operations of the Office and the Council.
Supply Chain Advisory Council
The Secretary shall establish the Supply Chain Advisory Council.
The purpose of the Council is to advise the Director on manufacturing and supply chain logistics that would be necessary to direct the response of the supply chain of the United States during a crisis.
The Council shall be comprised of the following members:
A representative of the Department of Health and Human Services, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
A representative of the Department of Homeland Security, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Homeland Security.
A representative of the Department of Defense, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense.
A representative of the Department of Energy, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Energy.
A representative of the Department of Transportation, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Transportation.
A representative of the United States International Trade Commission, who shall be appointed by the Chair of the United States International Trade Commission.
A representative of the Department of State, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of State.
A representative of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, who shall be appointed by the Director of National Intelligence.
The director of a Manufacturing USA institute, who shall be appointed by the Secretary.
The director of an MEP center, who shall be appointed by the Secretary.
A representative of State governments, who shall be appointed by the Secretary in, consultation with Governors of States;
Not less than 1 representative of a local, territorial, or Tribal government, who shall be appointed by the Secretary.
Not less than 3 manufacturing or supply chain experts, who shall be appointed by the Secretary and represent each of, respectively—
labor organizations; and
The Secretary may appoint additional members to the Council on a rotating or permanent basis.
The members of the Council appointed under subparagraphs (K), (L), and (M) of paragraph (1) shall serve as special Government employees (as defined in section 202 of title 18, United States Code).
The Council shall—
convene according to a schedule established by the Director; and
advise the Director on carrying out the duties of the Director under section 4(d).
Section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Council.
National Manufacturing Guard
There is established within the Office the National Manufacturing Guard.
The Director shall establish eligibility requirements for membership in the Guard, which may include—
experience or expertise in manufacturing or logistics;
holding a senior-level position in a manufacturing or supply chain organization; and
direct experience in manufacturing and supply chain operations.
Size and organization
The Director, in consultation with the Council, shall establish—
the size of the Guard;
the organization of the Guard; and
the target skillsets of members of the Guard.
The Director, in consultation with the Council, shall establish a training program for members of the Guard to ensure the readiness of members to perform the duties of the Guard.
A portion of the training program established under paragraph (1) may be conducted remotely to prepare for crises that may prevent the Guard from convening in a single physical location.
Not less frequently than annually, the Director shall hold a full-time training program during which each member of the Guard, the Director, and the Council simulate a response to a crisis over a period of not less than 7 days.
The Director may activate members of the Guard—
during a crisis for the purpose of providing expertise and labor to promote the ability of the United States to procure, manufacture, and distribute critical resources; and
to perform full-time training programs under subsection (b)(3).
Upon an activation under subparagraph (A), the Director may compel members of the Guard to active, full-time service.
If the Director activates the Guard under paragraph (1), the Guard may—
share best practices across industry partners;
coordinate the manufacturing efforts of industry partners;
provide technical assistance to industry partners;
procure raw materials or supplies;
facilitate communications between industry partners;
provide logistics support in the delivery of critical resources;
identify suppliers of scarce critical resources;
coordinate between private industry, MEP centers, and Manufacturing USA institutes; and
conduct any other activities that help provide critical resources to areas of greatest need, as determined by the Director, in consultation with the Council.
The Director may provide compensation to members of the Guard at rates to be fixed by the Secretary without regard to any other law, including any provision of title 5, United States Code, and any rule issued under that title.
The Director may establish incentives to encourage industry partners to employ members of the Guard.
Office of Personnel Management
The Secretary, in coordination with the Director of the Office of Personnel and Management, shall establish procedures with respect to the appointment of members of the Guard and the conditions of employment with respect to those members.
Supply chain data exchange
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall develop a plan to establish the Supply Chain Data Exchange.
The purpose of the Data Exchange shall be to—
allow the Director to—
take account of—
critical resources that have been recently manufactured, imported, or distributed; and
the ability of industry partners to manufacture critical resources; and
plan the flow of critical resources during a crisis;
provide the Director with an understanding of the volume of critical resources provided by industry partners to enable the Director to develop plans to—
direct the Guard to assist industry partners in increasing the production capacity of critical resources;
alleviate supply chain bottlenecks;
allocate supplies of the Federal Government to the areas of greatest need; and
coordinate between manufacturers and distributors to mitigate scarcity of critical resources;
allow the Director to predict local or national scarcity of critical resources for the duration of a crisis; and
enable the Director to direct the Guard or collaborate with industry partners or Federal agencies to mitigate scarcities of critical resources.
The Director shall—
solicit data from industry partners relating to the manufacturing output of critical resources; and
add the data received under subparagraph (A) to the Data Exchange.
In consultation with industry partners, the Director may develop security measures that are necessary to protect information in the Data Exchange, including protocols to ensure that, depending on the nature of information in the Data Exchange, only individuals with the appropriate level of authorization may access the information.
The Director may withhold information obtained from an industry partner under this section only to the extent permitted by law.
Unless the disclosure of data described in paragraph (3)(A) would be consistent with security measures developed under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the data shall be—
withheld from public disclosure; and
exempt from disclosure under section 552(b)(3) of title 5, United States Code.
The Director shall develop a usage agreement for the Data Exchange to ensure that data shared to the Data Exchange by an industry partner is—
hosted securely; and
only used for purposes agreed to in advance by the Director and the industry partner.
The Director, with the consent of a Federal agency, may use the services, equipment, personnel, and facilities of a Federal agency, with or without reimbursement, to—
develop the Data Exchange; or
identify a data exchange existing on the date of enactment of this Act that can be modified to have the capacity to host the Data Exchange required under this section that provides—
necessary functionality to the Director; and
additional functionality to industry partners.
Value to participants
In order to encourage the participation of industry partners in the Data Exchange, the Director may develop a Data Exchange that provides—
value to industry partners outside of a time of crisis; and
access to aggregated data or analytics to industry partners that participate in the Data Exchange that complies with the provisions of the usage agreement developed under paragraph (4)(C).
The Director may establish incentives to encourage the participation and cooperation of industry partners with the Data Exchange.
There is established within the Office the Manufacturing Corps.
The Manufacturing Corps shall—
function as a workforce development program that prioritizes the training of manufacturing skills determined to be essential to the economic security of the United States by the Director and the Council;
support the development of an innovative and flexible manufacturing workforce in the United States;
provide on-the-job training to members of the Manufacturing Corps; and
provide a qualified base of individuals to join the Guard upon the completion of the Manufacturing Corps program.
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall develop criteria for membership in the Manufacturing Corps, which may include a competitive process that evaluates the dedication and enthusiasm of individuals for assisting the public during a crisis.
In selecting members of the Manufacturing Corps, the Director shall give preference to an individual who is—
an underrepresented racial or ethnic minority;
a veteran (as defined in section 101 of title 38, United States Code); or
a resident of an underrepresented geographic region.
The term of a member in the Manufacturing Corps shall be for a period of not less than 1 year and not more than 2 years.
A member of the Manufacturing Corps shall participate in a registered apprenticeship with a host organization for a 1-year period.
A registered apprenticeship of a member of the Manufacturing Corps with a host organization shall—
provide the member with fundamental skills necessary to be successful in a manufacturing or supply chain workforce;
qualify the member as a full-time employee of the host organization; and
provide training and career development opportunities.
The Director shall provide individuals who are selected as members of the Guard with initial training that—
lasts for not fewer than 2, and not more than 4, weeks;
serves as an orientation for the Guard; and
includes a survey of basic skills in preparation for a registered apprenticeship.
The Director shall provide regular training to members of the Manufacturing Corps that—
ensures that the members have the ability to serve as effective members of the Guard; and
enhances the ability of members to contribute to the workforce of the United States and the Guard.
The Director may provide supplemental compensation to members of the Manufacturing Corps at rates to be fixed by the Secretary without regard to any other law, including any provision of title 5, United States Code, and any rule issued under that title.
Upon the expiration of the term of a member of the Manufacturing Corps, the Director shall review the performance of the member in—
the registered apprenticeship under subsection (d)(1)(A); and
the training under subsection (d)(2).
The Director may establish incentives to encourage members of the Manufacturing Corps who receive favorable reviews under paragraph (1) to join the Guard.
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act $1,000,000,000 for the 5-fiscal year period beginning with fiscal year 2021.