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S. 974 (117th): Gun Records Restoration and Preservation Act

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About the bill

Is it an infringement on the rights and privacy of law-abiding gun owners?


Firearm tracing is when law enforcement aims to figure out where a weapon recovered at a crime scene came from. On a federal level, the practice began with the Gun Control Act of 1968, which was enacted after the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

In 2003, former Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-KS4) introduced a provision which essentially banned the federal government from releasing its firearms tracing information and data except in a criminal investigation. Congressional Republicans renewed the provision and added other related limitations repeatedly in subsequent years, in what came to be known as the Tiahrt Amendments.

Today, these limitations bar federal firearms tracing information from …

Sponsor and status

Robert “Bob” Menendez

Sponsor. Senior Senator for New Jersey. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 25, 2021
Length: 6 pages
Mar 25, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on March 25, 2021, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


7 Cosponsors (7 Democrats)



Mar 25, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 974 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 974. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 974 — 117th Congress: Gun Records Restoration and Preservation Act.” 2021. April 1, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.