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H.J.Res. 35: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to require individuals to demonstrate cognitive competence as a condition of holding the office of President or Vice President.

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About the resolution

An alternative option: any president must first win the game show Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader?


Incumbent President Joe Biden and his predecessor Donald Trump, both of whom set new records for the oldest president ever, have also both faced concerns about their mental fitness for the office.

The book The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump: 37 Psychiatrists and Mental Health Experts Assess a President became a bestseller. As for Biden, a “greatest hits” of his presidency so far have included mistakenly calling out for a deceased congresswoman at a public event, claiming his own son died in Iraq when he actually died of a brain tumor in the U.S., and referring to the January 6 riot as “July 6,”

What the proposal does

The …

Sponsor and status

Scott DesJarlais

Sponsor. Representative for Tennessee's 4th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 21, 2023
Length: 2 pages
Feb 21, 2023
118th Congress (2023–2025)

Introduced on Feb 21, 2023

This resolution is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 21, 2023. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.



Feb 21, 2023

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this resolution has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House (Senate next)

Passed Senate

Ratified by State Legislatures

H.J.Res. 35 is a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.J.Res. 35. This is the one from the 118th Congress.

How to cite this information.

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“H.J.Res. 35 — 118th Congress: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to require individuals to demonstrate ….” 2023. March 20, 2023 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.