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H.R. 3941: Schools Not Shelters Act

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About the bill

They couldn’t even use the near-empty stadium at Northern Illinois University, the Division 1 college with last season’s lowest average football attendance.


As asylum seekers enter the U.S., where should they be housed in the immediate short-term? Some Democratic politicians have suggested schools, particularly during the summer when they’re otherwise essentially unused.

In May, New York Gov. Kathy Hochul (D) proposed housing asylum seekers at SUNY, the State University of New York. While it does not appear that this was ever actually done, even the policy’s *consideration *sparked pushback from the state’s GOP.

“Instead of housing migrants in public schools in New York City, disrupting childrens’ school days, placing them on SUNY campuses, or housing them in hotels or motels around the state, I urge your …

Sponsor and status

Marcus Molinaro

Sponsor. Representative for New York's 19th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 20, 2023
Length: 4 pages
Jun 9, 2023
118th Congress (2023–2025)

Passed House (Senate next) on Jul 19, 2023

This bill passed in the House on July 19, 2023 and goes to the Senate next for consideration.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


6 Cosponsors (6 Republicans)

21% chance of being enacted (details)

Position statements

Statement of Administration Policy

President Joseph Biden [D]: H.R. 3941 – Schools Not Shelters Act of 2023 (Jul 19, 2023)


Jun 9, 2023

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jun 13, 2023
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jun 30, 2023
Reported by House Committee on Education and the Workforce

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Jul 12, 2023
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Rule).

Jul 19, 2023
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 3941 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3941. This is the one from the 118th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 3941 — 118th Congress: Schools Not Shelters Act.” 2023. October 1, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.