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H.R. 4321: No Bailouts for Reparations Act

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About the bill

While 77% of black Americans support reparations, only 18% of white Americans do.


Reparations are financial payments to compensate individuals for past government discrimination, suffered either by themselves or their ancestors. Usually, that means payments for black people, as compensation for slavery or Jim Crow laws.

In 2019, the 75,000-population Evanston, Illinois became the first city in America to institute taxpayer-funded reparations for black residents.

The program began by giving select black residents $25,000 each, targeted at the city’s modern-day residents who are descended from the city’s black residents circa 1919–69, back when the city maintained racist zoning ordinances. In May 2023, the City Council voted to expand the reparations even further.

For the most part, reparations remain an almost-entirely theoretical discussion. Yet in recent years, …

Sponsor and status

Brian Babin

Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 36th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jun 23, 2023
Length: 2 pages
Jun 23, 2023
118th Congress (2023–2025)

Introduced on Jun 23, 2023

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on June 23, 2023. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


14 Cosponsors (14 Republicans)

1% chance of being enacted (details)


Jun 23, 2023

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 4321 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4321. This is the one from the 118th Congress.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 4321 — 118th Congress: No Bailouts for Reparations Act.” 2023. September 22, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.