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H.R. 484: Natural Gas Tax Repeal Act

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About the bill

The U.S. plan to start taxing methane still doesn’t go as far as New Zealand’s October proposal to tax cow burps.


When Congress enacted the Inflation Reduction Act in August 2022, the biggest climate and energy law ever, the legislation passed on a party-line vote. No Republicans supported it, in either the House or the Senate, arguing against its costs and regulations.

Methane comprises 11% of U.S. human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. So in an effort to decrease the practice, the law will institute a first-of-its-kind tax on methane emissions from natural gas and crude oil.

The tax has not kicked in yet. Beginning in 2024, the tax will begin at $900 per metric ton of methane. Then it will increase to $1,200 the next year, …

Sponsor and status

August Pfluger

Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 11th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jan 24, 2023
Length: 2 pages
Jan 24, 2023
118th Congress (2023–2025)

Introduced on Jan 24, 2023

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on January 24, 2023. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


35 Cosponsors (35 Republicans)

5% chance of being enacted (details)
See Instead

H.R. 1141 (same title)
Ordered Reported — Mar 9, 2023



Jan 24, 2023

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 484 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 484. This is the one from the 118th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 484 — 118th Congress: Natural Gas Tax Repeal Act.” 2023. September 26, 2023 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.