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H.R. 5: Parents Bill of Rights Act

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Mar 20, 2023.

Parents Bill of Rights Act

This bill establishes various rights of parents and guardians regarding the elementary or secondary school education of their children. Local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools must comply with the requirements of the bill in order to receive federal education funds.

Specifically, the bill requires schools to notify parents and guardians of their rights regarding the education of their children. These rights include the right to

review the curriculum of their child's school; meet with each teacher of their child at least twice each school year; review the budget, including all revenues and expenditures, of their child's school; inspect the books and other reading materials in the library of their child's school; address the school board of the LEA; receive information about violent activity in their child's school; and know if their child is not grade-level proficient in reading or language arts at the end of 3rd grade. Each LEA must (1) post on a publicly accessible website (or otherwise widely disseminate to the public) the curriculum for each grade level, and (2) include detailed budget information in its annual report card.

The bill provides for additional family educational and privacy rights, including by prohibiting schools from selling student information for commercial or financial gain.

An elementary school or a school consisting of only grades 5-8 must obtain parental consent before (1) changing a minor child's gender markers, pronouns, or preferred name on school forms; or (2) allowing a child to change the child's sex-based accommodations.