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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on May 31, 2023.
Wayne Ford Racial Impact Statement Act of 2023
This bill requires the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to assess the potential impact of proposed changes to federal criminal laws on minority populations (i.e., prepare minority impact assessments).
Specifically, GAO must prepare a minority impact assessment for each bill or joint resolution that establishes or modifies a crime, criminal penalties, or pretrial, sentencing, or probation procedures, or that could otherwise affect the number of people who are federally incarcerated, and that is under the jurisdiction of specified congressional subcommittees. GAO must also prepare assessments for similar proposed rules. Assessments must include information relating to the fiscal and demographic impact of proposed changes on prisons, prison populations, and the criminal justice system.