H. R. 915
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 9, 2023
Mr. Gallagher (for himself and Mr. Moulton) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
To establish a national motor carrier safety selection standard for entities that contract with certain motor carriers to transport goods, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Motor Carrier Safety Selection Standard Act.
Motor carrier selection standard of care
For any applicable legal requirement with respect to a covered entity contracting with a covered motor carrier for the shipment of goods or household goods, the covered entity shall be considered reasonable and prudent in the selection of such motor carrier if the covered entity verifies, not later than the date of shipment and not earlier than 45 days before the date of shipment, that the covered motor carrier—
is registered under section 13902 of title 49, United States Code, as a motor carrier or household goods motor carrier;
has at least the minimum insurance coverage required by Federal and State law; and
is not determined unfit to operate safely commercial motor vehicles under section 31144 of title 49, United States Code, or otherwise ordered to discontinue operations by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (including not renewing a Department of Transportation registration number) or a State, for intrastate commerce.
The standard established under paragraph (1) shall sunset on the effective date of a regulation issued pursuant to subsection (c).
Revocation of registration
Section 31144(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended—
in paragraph (3) by striking
in paragraph (4) by striking the period and inserting
; and; and
by adding at the end the following:
prescribe by regulation a process for revoking the registration of an owner or operator determined unfit to operate safely a commercial motor vehicle under this section.
Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall—
update and revise the regulations issued pursuant to subsection (b) of section 31144 to include the requirements of subsection (a); and
issue such regulations as are necessary to carry out section 31144(a)(5), as added by this Act.
Factors for an unsatisfactory rating
The regulations updated under paragraph (1)(A) shall provide a procedure for the Secretary to determine if a motor carrier is not fit to operate a commercial motor vehicle in or affecting interstate commerce in accordance with such section.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to preempt or supercede any State law or regulation relating to drayage.
In this Act:
covered entity means a person acting as—
a shipper or cosignee of goods, except that such term does not mean a person acting as an individual shipper (as such term is defined in section 13103 of title 49, United States Code);
a broker, a freight forwarder, or a household goods freight forwarder (as such terms are defined in section 13102 of title 49, United States Code);
an ocean transportation intermediary (as such term is defined in section 40102 of title 46, United States Code), when arranging for inland transportation as part of an international through movement involving ocean transportation between the United States and a foreign port;
an indirect air carrier holding a Standard Security Program approved by the Transportation Security Administration, only to the extent that the indirect air carrier is engaging in the activities as an air carrier as defined in section 40102(2) or in the activities defined in section 40102(3);
a customs broker licensed in accordance with section 111.2 of title 19, Code of Federal Regulations, only to the extent that the customs broker is engaging in a movement under a customs bond or in a transaction involving customs business, as defined by section 111.1 of title 19, Code of Federal Regulations; or
a motor carrier registered under chapter 139 of title 49, United States Code.
Covered motor carrier
covered motor carrier means a motor carrier or a household goods motor carrier (as such terms are defined in section 13102 of title 49, United States Code) that is subject to Federal motor carrier financial responsibility and safety regulations.
household goods has the meaning given the term in section 13102 of title 49, United States Code.
Secretary means the Secretary of Transportation.