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H.R. 946: Dual Loyalty Disclosure Act

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About the bill

Celebrities with dual citizenship include Emily Blunt with the U.K., Natalie Portman with Israel, Jim Carrey with Canada, and Nicole Kidman with Australia.


In Congress, a representative must be a U.S. citizen for the prior seven years, while a senator must be a citizen for the past nine.

However, the U.S. allows a citizen to obtain dual citizenship with another nation. Indeed, some prominent Congress members are (or have been) dual citizens.

When Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) was first elected in 2010, he was a dual citizen with Canada. He officially renounced his Canadian citizenship in 2014.

When former Rep. Michele Bachmann (R-MN6) when first elected in 2006, she was a dual citizen with Switzerland. The issue became far more prominent after she polled …

Sponsor and status

Matthew Rosendale

Sponsor. Representative for Montana's 2nd congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 9, 2023
Length: 2 pages
Feb 9, 2023
118th Congress (2023–2025)

Introduced on Feb 9, 2023

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 9, 2023. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


5 Cosponsors (5 Republicans)

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Feb 9, 2023

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 946 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 946. This is the one from the 118th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 946 — 118th Congress: Dual Loyalty Disclosure Act.” 2023. March 24, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.