skip to main content

H.R. 2580 (89th): An Act to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 3, 1965 (Passed Congress).

Summary of this bill

Source: Wikipedia

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (H.R. 2580; Pub.L. 89–236, 79 Stat. 911, enacted June 30, 1968), also known as the Hart–Celler Act, changed the way quotas were allocated by ending the National Origins Formula that had been in place in the United States since the Emergency Quota Act of 1921. Representative Emanuel Celler of New York proposed the bill, Senator Philip Hart of Michigan co-sponsored it, and Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts helped to promote it.

The Hart–Celler Act abolished the quota system based on national origins that had been American immigration policy since the 1920s. The 1965 Act marked a change from ...


79 STAT. ]         PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965                                             911

Public Law 89-236
                                  AN A C T                                       October 3, 1965
  To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes.           [H. R. :;58O]

   Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assenibled^ That section 201 of immigration and
the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 176; 8 U.S.C. 1151) aml'ndmints. ""*'
be amended to read as follows:
   "SEC. 201. (a) Exclusive of special immigrants defined in section
 101(a) (27), and of the immediate relatives of United States citizens Post, p . 916.
specified in subsection (b) of this section, the number of aliens who
may be issued immigrant visas or who may otherwise acquire the status
of an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent resi-
dence, or who may, pursuant to section 203(a) (7) enter conditionally,
 (i) shall not in any of the first three quarters of any fiscal year exceed
a total of 45,000 and (ii) shall not in any fiscal year exceed a total of
170,000.
   " ( b ) The 'immediate relatives' referred to in subsection (a) of this tives"'"^'^'^*^ '^^^^"
section shall mean the children, spouses, and parents of a citizen of the
United States: Provided^ That in the case of parents, such citizen
must be at least twenty-one years of age. The immediate relatives
specified in this subsection who are otherwise qualified for admission
as immigrants shall be admitted as such, without regard to the numeri-
cal limitations in this Act.
   "(c) During the period from July 1, 1965, through June 30, 1968,
the annual quota of any quota area shall be the same as that which
existed for that area on J u n e 30, 1965. The Secretary of State shall,
not later than on the sixtieth day immediately following the date of
enactment of this subsection and again on or before September 1,1966,
and September 1, 1967, determine and proclaim the amount of quota
numbers which remain unused at the end of the fiscal year ending on
June 30, 1965, June 30, 1966, and June 30, 1967, respectively, and are
available for distribution pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.
   " ( d ) Quota numbers not issued or otherwise used during the pre-
vious fiscal year, as determined in accordance with subsection (c)
hereof, shall be transferred to an immigration pool. Allocation of
numbers from the pool and from national quotas shall not together
exceed in any fiscal year the numerical limitations in subsection (a)
of this section. The immigration pool shall be made available to
immigrants otherwise admissible under the provisions of this Act who
are unable to obtain prompt issuance of a preference visa due to
oversubscription of their quotas, or subquotas as determined by the
Secretary of State. Visas and conditional entries shall be allocated
from the immigration pool within the percentage limitations and in
the order of priority specified in section 203 without regard to the
quota to w^hich the alien is chargeable.
   "(e) The immigration pool and the quotas of quota areas shall
terminate June 30, 1968. Thereafter immigrants admissible under
the provisions of this Act wjio are subject to the numerical limitatiions
of subsection (a) of this section shall be admitted in accordance with
the percentage limitations and in the order of priority specified in
section 203."
   SBO. 2. Section 202 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Foreign states.
Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. 1152) is amended to read as follows:                    tations!"''^^ ^""'"
   " ( a ) No person shall receive any preference or priority or be dis-
criminated against in the issuance of an immigrant visa because of his
race, sex, nationality, place of birth, or place of residence, except as
specifically provided in section 101(a) (27), section 201(b), and sec- ^°®''         p- ^le.
                                                                              Post, p . 91.2.
tion 203: Provided, That the total number of immigrant visas and the

912 PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 [79 STAT. number of conditional entries made available to natives of any single Infra. foreign state under paragraphs (1) through (8) of section 203(a) shall not exceed 20,000 in any fiscal year: Provided further, That the foregoing proviso shall not operate to reduce the number of immi- grants who may be admitted under the quota of any quota area before June 30, 1968. " ( b ) Each independent country, self-governing dominion, man- dated territory, and territory under the international trusteeship sys- tem of the United Nations, other than the United States and its outly- ing possessions shall be treated as a separate foreign state for the purposes of the numerical limitation set forth in the proviso to sub section (a) of this section when approved by the Secretary of State. All other inhabited lands shall be attributed to a foreign state specified by the Secretary of State. For the purposes of this Act the foreign state to which an immigrant is chargeable shall be determined by birth within such foreign state except that (1) an alien child, when accom- panied by his alien parent or parents, may be charged to the same foreign state as the accompanying parent or of either accompanying parent if such parent has received or would be qualified for an immi- grant visa, if necessary to prevent the separation of the child from the accompanying parent or parents, and if the foreign state to which such parent has been or would be chargeable has not exceeded the numerical limitation set forth in the proviso to subsection (a) of this section for that fiscal year; (2) if an alien is chargeable to a different foreign state from that of his accompanying spouse, the foreign state to which such alien is chargeable may, if necessary to prevent the separation of liusband and wife, be determined by the foreign state of the accom- panying spouse, if such spouse has received or would be qualified for an immigrant visa and if the foreign state to which such spouse has been or would be chargeable has not exceeded the numerical limita- tion set forth in the proviso to subsection (a) of this section for that fiscal year; (3) an alien born in the United States shall be considered as having been born in the country of which he is a citizen or subject, or if he is not a citizen or subject of any country then in the last foreign country in which he had his residence as determined by the consular officer; (4) an alien born within any foreign state in which neither of his parents was bom and in which neither of his parents had a residence at the time of such alien's birth may be charged to the foreign state of either parent. " (c) Any immigrant born in a colony or other component or depend- ent area of a foreign state unless a special immigrant as provided in Post, p. 916. section 101(a) (27) or an immediate relative of a United States citizen Ante, p . 9 1 1 . as specified in section 201(b), shall be chargeable, for the purpose of limitation set forth in section 202(a), to the foreign state, except that the number of persons born in any such colony or other component or dependent area overseas from the foreign state chargeable to the for- eign state in any one fiscal year shall not exceed 1 per centum of the maximum number of immigrant visas available to such foreign state, " ( d ) In the case of any change in the territorial limits of foreign states, the Secretary of State shall, upon recognition of such change, issue appropriate instructions to all diplomatic and consular offices." Visas, tion. SEC. 3. Section 203 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. 1153) is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 203. (a) Aliens who are subject to the numerical limitations specified in section 201(a) shall be allotted visas or their conditional entry authorized, as the case may be, as follows: "(1) Visas shall be first made available, in a number not to exceed 20 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), to
79 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 913 qualified immigrants who are the unmarried sons or daughters of citizens of the United States. "(2) Visas shall next be made available, in a number not to exceed 20 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), plus any ^"'^' P- '^^^• visas not required for the classes specified in paragraph (1), to quali- fied immigrants who are the spouses, unmarried sons or unmarried daughters of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence. "(3) Visas shall next be made available, in a number not to exceed 10 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), to quali- fied immigrants who are members of the professions, or who because of their exceptional ability in the sciences or the arts will substantially benefit prospectively the national economy, cultural interests, or welfare of the United States. "(4) Visas shall next be made available, in a number not to exceed 10 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), plus any visas not required for the classes specified in paragraphs (1) througli (3), to qualified immigrants who are the married sons or the married daughters of citizens of the United States. "(5) Visas shall next be made available, in a number not to exceed 24 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), plus any visas not required for the classes specified in paragraphs (1) through (4), to qualified immigrants who are the brdthers or sisters of citizens of the United States. "(6) Visas shall next be made available, in a number not to exceed 10 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), to quali- fied immigrants who are capable of performing specified skilled or un- skilled labor, not of a temporary or seasonal nature, for which a short- age of employable and willing persons exists in the United States. "(7) Conditional entries shall next be made available by the Attor- conditional ney General, pursuant to such regulations as he may prescribe and in entries. a number not to exceed 6 per centum of the number specified in section 201(a) (ii), to aliens who satisfy an Immigration and Naturalization Service officer at an examination in any non-Communist or non-Com- munist-dominated country, (A) that (i) because of persecution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion they have fled (I) from any Communist or Communist-dominated country or area, or ( I I ) from any country within the general area of the Mid- dle East, and (ii) are unable or unwilling to return to such country or area on account of race, religion, or political opinion, and (iii) are not nationals of the countries or areas in which their application for con- ditional entry is made; or (B) that they are persons uprooted by catastrophic natural calamity as defined by the President who are unable to return to their usual place of abode. For the purpose of the foregoing the term 'general area of the Middle East' means the area between and including (1) Libya on the west, (2) Turkey on the north, (3) Pakistan on the east, and (4) Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia on the south: Provided, That immigrant visas in a number not exceed- ing one-half the number specified in this paragraph may be made available, in lieu of conditional entries of a like number, to such aliens who have been continuously physically present in the United States for a period of at least two years prior to application for adjustment of status. "(8) Visas authorized in any fiscal year, less those required for is- suance to the classes specified in paragraphs (1) throuo;h (6) and less the number of conditional entries and visas made available pursuant to paragraph (7), shall be made available to other qualified immi- grants strictly in the chronological order in which they qualify. Wait- ing lists of applicants shall be maintained in accordance with regula- tions prescribed by the Secretary of State. No immigrant visa shall be
914 PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 [79 STAT. issued to a nonpreference immigrant under this paragraph, or to an immigrant with a preference under paragraph (3) or (6) of this subsection, until the consular officer is in receipt of a determination made by the Secretary of Labor pursuant to the provisions of section Posf. p. 917. 212(a) (14). "(9) A spouse or child as defined in section 101(b) (1) (A)j ( B ) , Ti^stltfeag^^' (^)> (•^)' ^^ (^^ shall, if not otherwise entitled to an immigrant 8 use 1101. status and the immediate issuance of a visa or to conditional entry under paragraphs (1) through ( 8 ) , be entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration provided in subsection ( b ) , if accompanying, or following to join, his spouse or parent. " ( b ) I n considering applications for immigrant visas under sub- section (a) consideration shall be given to applicants in the order in which the classes of which they are members are listed in subsection "(c) Immigrant visas issued pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (a) shall be issued to eligible immigrants in the order in which a petition in behalf of each such immigrant is filed Post, p. 915. with the Attorney General as provided in section 204. " ( d ) Every immigrant shall be presumed to be a nonpreference immigrant until he establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer and the immigration officer that he is entitled to a preference status under paragraphs (1) through (Y) of subsection ( a ) , or to a special Post, p. 916. immigrant status under section 101 (a) (27), or that he is an immediate Ante, p. 911. relative of a United States citizen as specified in section 201(b). I n the case of any alien claiming in his application for an immigrant visa to be an immediate relative of a United States citizen as specified in section 201(b) or to be entitled to preference immigrant status under paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection ( a ) , the consular officer shall not grant such status until he has been authorized to do so as provided by section 204. "(e) F o r the purposes of carrying out his responsibilities in the orderly administration of this section, the Secretary of State is author- ized to make reasonable estimates of the anticipated numbers of visas to be issued during any quarter of any fiscal year within each of the categories of subsection ( a ) , and to rely upon such estimates in author- izing the issuance of such visas. The Secretary of State, in his dis- cretion, may terminate the registration on a waiting list of any alien who fails to evidence his continued intention to apply for a visa in such manner as may be by regulation prescribed. Report to Con- "(f) The Attomey General shall submit to the Congress a report gre containing complete and detailed statement of facts in the case of each alien who conditionally entered the United States pursuant to subsection (a) (7) of this section. Such reports shall be submitted on or before January 15 and June 15 of each year. " ( g ) Any alien who conditionally entered the United States as a refugee, pursuant to subsection (a) (7) of this section, whose con- ditional entry has not been terminated by the Attorney General pur- suant to such regulations as he may prescribe, who has been in the United States for at least two years, and who has not acquired perma- nent residence, shall forthwith return or be returned to the custody of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and shall thereupon be inspected and examined for admission into the United States, and his case dealt with in accordance with the provisions of sections 235, 236, 8 use 1225- and 237 of this Act. 1227. " ( h ) Any alien who, pursuant to subsection (g) of this section, is found, upon inspection bv the immigration officer or after hearing before a special inquiry officer, to be admissible as an immigrant under
79 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 915 this Act at the time of his inspection and examination, except for the fact that he was not and is not in possession of the documents required by section 212(a) (20), shall be regarded as lawfully admitted to the 66 Stat. 1.82. 8 u s e 1182. United States for permanent residence as of the date of his arrival." SEC. 4. Section 204 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 immediate P r e f e r e n c e or relative Stat. 176; 8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended to read as follows: status. "SEC. 204. (a) Any citizen of the United States claiming that an alien is entitled to a preference status by reason of the relationships described in paragraphs (1), (4), or (5) of section 203(a), or to an Ante, p . t»12. immediate relative status under section 201(b), or any alien lawfully Ante, p . 911. admitted for permanent residence claiming that an alien is entitled to a preference status by reason of the relationship described in section 203(^) (2), or any alien desiring to be classified as a preference immi- grant under section 203(a) (3) (or any person on behalf of such an alien), or any person desiring and intending to employ within the United States an alien entitled to classification as a preference immi- grant under section 203(a) (6), may file a petition with the Attorney General for such classification. The petition shall be in such form as the Attorney General may by regulations prescribe and shall con- tain such information and be supported by such documentary evi- dence as the Attorney General may require. The petition shall be made under oath administered by any individual having authority to administer oaths, if executed in the United States, but, if executed outside the United States, administered by a consular officer or an immigration officer. " ( b ) After an investigation of the facts in each case, and after consultation with the Secretary of Labor with respect to petitions to accord a status under section 203(a) (3) or (6), the Attorney General shall, if he determines that the facts stated in the petition are true and that the alien in behalf of whom the petition is made is an immediate relative specified in section 201 (b) or is eligible for a preference status under section 203(a), approve the petition and forward one copy thereof to the Department of State. The Secretary of State shall then authorize the consular officer concerned to grant the preference status. "(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) no more than two petitions may be approved for one petitioner in behalf of a child as defined in section 101(b) (1) ( E ) or ( F ) unless necessary to post^^^%i7^'' prevent the separation of brothers and sisters and no petition shall be approved if the alien has previously been accorded a nonquota or pref- erence status as the spouse of a citizen of the United States or the s]7ouse of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, by reason of a marriage determined by the Attorney General to have been entered into for the purpose of evading the immigration laws. " ( d ) The Attorney; General shall forward to the Congress a report ^^^^°^^ *° *^°"' on each approved petition for immigrant status under sections 203(a) (3) or 203(a) (6) stating the basis for his approval and such facts as were by him deemed to be pertinent in establishing the beneficiary's qualifications for the preferential status. Such reports shall be sub- mitted to the Congress on the first and fifteenth day of each calendar month in which the Congress is in session. "(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to entitle an immi- grant, in behalf of whom a petition under this section is approved, to enter the United States as a preference immigrant under section 203(a) or as an immediate relative under section 201(b) if upon his arrival at a port of entry in the United States he is found not to be entitled to such classification."
916 PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 [79 STAT. A^^rovafVevo ^^^' ^' ^ ^ t i o i i 205 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 catioV °' Stat. 176; 8 U.S.C. 1155) is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 205. The Attorney General may, at any time, for what he deems to be good and sufficient cause, revoke the approval of any Ante, p. 915. petition approved by him under section 204. Such revocation shall be effective as of the date of approval of any such petition. I n no case, however, shall such revocation have effect unless there is mailed to the petitioner's last known address a notice of the revocation and unless notice of the revocation is communicated through the Secretary of State to the beneficiary of the petition before such beneficiary com- mences his journey to the United States. If notice of revocation is not so given, and the beneficiary applies for admission to the United States, his admissibility shall be determined in the manner provided f us?"i Hi. *^i" ^y sections 235 and 236." 1226. ' SEC. 6. Section 206 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1156) is amended to read as follows: Unused visas. "SEC. 206. If au immigrant having an immigrant visa is excluded from admission to the United States and deported, or does not apply for admission before the expiration of the validity of his visa, or if an alien having an immigrant visa issued to him as a preference immi- grant is found not to be a preference immigrant, an immigrant visa or a preference immigrant visa, as the case may be, may be issued in lieu thereof to another qualified alien." SEC. 7. Section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1157) is stricken. SEC. 8. Section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 166; 8 U.S.C. 1101) is amended as follows: (a) Paragraph (27) of subsection (a) is amended to read as fol- lows : "Special immi- " (27) Thc tcrm 'special immigrant' means— ^'^^"*' " ( A ) an immigrant who was born in any independent foreign country of the Western Hemisphere or in the Canal Zone and the spouse and children of any such immigrant, if accompanying, or following to join him: Provided, That no immigrant visa shall be issued pursuant to this clause until the consular officer is in receipt of a determination made by the Secretary of Labor pur- Post, p. 917. suant to the provisions of section 212(a) (14); " ( B ) an immigrant, lawfully admitted for permanent resi- dence, who is returning from a temporary visit abroad; " ( C ) an immigrant who was a citizen of the United States 66 Stat. 246. ^ud may, under section 324(a) or 327 of title I I I , apply for reac- 1438. ' quisition of citizenship; " ( D ) (i) an immigrant who continuously for at least two years immediately preceding the time of his application for admission to the United States has been, and who seeks to enter the United States solely for the purpose of carrying on the vocation of min- ister of a religious denomination, and whose services are needed by such religious denomination having a bona fide organization in the United States; and (ii) the spouse or the child of any such immigrant, if accompanying or following to join him; or " ( E ) an immigrant who is an employee, or an honorably retired former emploj^ee, of the United States Government abroad, and who has performed faithful service for a total of fifteen years, or more, and his accompanjdng spouse and children: Provided, That the principal officer of a Foreign Service establishment, in his discretion, shall have recommended the granting of special immigrant status to such alien in exceptional circumstances and the Secretary of State approves such recommendation and finds that it is in the national interest to grant such status."
79 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 917 (b) Paragraph (32) of subsection (a) is amended to read as follows: "(32) The term 'profession' shall include but not be limited to "profession," architects, engineers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and teachers in elementary or secondary schools, colleges, academies, or seminaries." (c) Subparagraph (1) ( F ) of subsection (b) is amended to read g^us^c^'iio^^' as follows: " ( F ) a child, under the age of fourteen at the time a petition is filed in his behalf to accord a classification as an inmiediate Ante, p . 9 11. relative under section 201(b), who is an orphan because of the death or disappearance of, abandonment or desertion by, or sepa- ration or loss from, both parents, or for whom the sole or surviv- ing parent is incapable of providing the proper care which will be provided the child if admitted to uie United States and who has in writing irrevocably released the child for emigration and adoption; who has been adopted abroad by a United States citi- zen and his spouse who personally saw and observed the child prior to or during the adoption proceedings; or who is coming to the United States for adoption by a United States citizen and spouse who have complied with the preadoption requirements, if any, of the child's proposed residence: Provided^ That no natural parent or prior adoptive parent of any such child shall thereafter, by virtue of such parentage, be accorded any right, privilege, or status under this Act." SEC. 9. Section 211 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Documentary Stat. 181; 8 U.S.C. 1181) is amended to read as follows: requirements. "SEC. 211. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) no immigrant shall be admitted into the United States unless at the time of applica- tion for admission he (1) has a valid unexpired immigrant visa or was bom subsequent to the issuance of such visa of the accompanying parent, and (2) presents a valid unexpired passport or other suitable travel document, or document of identity and nationality, if such document is required under the regulations issued by the Attorney General. With respect to immigrants to be admitted under quotas of quota areas prior to June 30, 1968, no immigrant visa shall be deemed valid unless the immigrant is properly chargeable to the quota area under the quota of which the visa is issued. "(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 212(a) (20) of this ^J^'^" Act in such cases or in such classes of cases and under such conditions ^" °" ^* as may be by regulations prescribed, returning resident immigrants, defined in section 101(a) (27) ( B ) , who are otherwise admissible may be readmitted to the United States by the Attorney General in his discretion without being required to obtain a passport, immigrant visa, reentry permit or other documentation." SEC. 10. Section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act skmed^''aborer•s (66 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 1182) is amended as follows: Admission con- (a) Paragraph (14) is amended to read as follows: ditions. "Aliens seeking to enter the United States, for the purpose of per- forming skilled or unskilled labor, unless the Secretary of Labor has determined and certified to the Secretary of State and to the Attorney General that (A) there are not sufficient workers in the United States who are able, willing, qualified, and available at the time of applica- tion for a visa and admission to the United States and at the place to which the alien is destined to perform such skilled or unskilled labor, and (B) the employment of such aliens will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of the workers in the United States similarly employed. The exclusion of aliens under this paragraph shall apply to special immigrants defined in section 101(a) (27) (A) ^"'^' P- ^i^- (other than the parents, spouses, or children of United States citizens
918 PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 [79 STAT. or of aliens lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent resi- dence), to preference immigrant aliens described in section 203(a) Ante, p. 9 1 2 . (3) and ( 6 ) , and to nonpreference immigrant aliens described in section 203(a) ( 8 ) ; " . 66 Stat. 183. 8 u s e 1182. (b) Paragraph (20] is amended by deleting the letter " ( e ) " and substituting therefor the letter " ( a ) " . (c) Paragraph (21) is amended by deleting the word "quota". (d) Paragraph (24) is amended by deleting the language within the parentheses and substituting therefor the following: Ante, p. 916. "other than aliens described in section 101(a) (27) (A) and ( B ) . " SEC. 11. The Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 175; 8 U.S.C. 1151) is amended as follows: 8 u s e 1201. (a) Section 221(a) is amended by deleting the words "the par- ticular nonquota category in which the immigrant is classified, if a nonquota immigrant," and substituting in lieu thereof the words "the preference, nonpreference, immediate relative, or special immigration classification to which the alien is charged." (b) The fourth sentence of subsection 221(c) is amended by deleting the word "quota" preceding the word "number;" the word "quota" preceding the word "year;" and the words "a quota" preceding the word "immigrant," and substituting in lieu thereof the word "an". 8 u s e 1202. (c) Section 222(a) is amended by deleting the words "pref- erence quota or a nonquota immigrant" and substituting in lieu thereof the words "an immediate relative within the meaning of section 201(b) or a preference or special immigrant". 8 u s e 1204. (d) Section 224 is amended to read as follows: "A consular officer may, subject to the limitations provided in section 221, issue an immigrant visa to a special immigrant or immediate relative as such upon satisfactory proof, under regulations prescribed under this Act, that the applicant is entitled to special immigrant or immediate relative status." 8 u s e 1251. (e) Section 241(a) (10) is amended by substituting for the words "Section 101(a) (27) ( C ) " the words "Section 101(a) (27) 8 u s e 1253. (f) Section 243(h) is amended by striking out "physical perse- cution" and inserting in lieu thereof "persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion". Deportation SEC. 12. Section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 suspension. Stat. 214; 8 U.S.C. 1254) is amended as follows: (a) Subsection (d) is amended t o read: " ( d ) Upon the cancellation of deportation in the case of any alien under this section, the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date the cancellation of deportation of such alien is made, and unless the alien is entitled to a special immigrant classification under section 101(a) (27) ( A ) , or is Ante, p. 911. an immediate relative within the meaning of section 201(b) the Sec- retary of State shall reduce by one the number of nonpreference immigrant visas authorized to be issued under section 203 (^a) (8) for the fiscal year then current." (b) Subsection (f) is amended by inserting after the language "entered the United States as a crewman" the language "subsequent to June 30, 1964;". Adjustment of SEC. 13. Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 status. 72 Stat. 699. Stat. 217; 8 U.S.C. 1255) is amended as follows: (a) Subsection (b) is amended to read: "(b) Upon the approval of an application for adjustment made under subsection ( a ) , the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date the order of
79 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 919 the Attorney General approving the application for the adjustment of status is made, and the Secretary of State shall reduce by one the number of the preference or nonpreference visas authorized to be issued under section 203(a) within the class to which the alien is ^"'*' P- ''^^^ chargeable, for the fiscal year then current." ^b) Subsection (c) is amended to read: ^^us*c*i2^^5^" ' (c) The provisions of this section shall not be applicable to any ^ ' ' alien who is a native of any country of the Western Hemisphere or of any adjacent island named in section 101(b) (6)." SEC. 14. Section 281 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 ^^^** Stat. 230; 8 U.S.C. 1351) is amended as follows: (a) Immediately after "SEC. 281." insert " ( a ) " ; (b) Paragraph (6) is amended to read as follows: "(6) For filing with the Attorney General of each petition under section 204 and section 214(c), $10; and"; _ _ Tusc^i iV/" (c) The following is inserted after paragraph (7), and is designated subsection (b) : "(b) The time and manner of payment of the fees specified in para- graphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section, including but not limited to partial deposit or prepayment at the time of registra- tion, shall be prescribed by the Secretary of State."; and (d) The paragraph beginning with the words "The fees * * * " is designated subsection (c). SEC, 15. (a) Paragraph (1) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 1182(a) (1)) is amended by deleting the language "feebleminded" and inserting the language "mentally retarded" in its place. (b) Paragraph (4) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 182; 8 U.S.C. 1182(a) (4)) is amended by deleting the word "epilepsy" and substituting the words "or sexual deviation". (c) Sections 212 (f), ( g ) , and (h) of the Immigration and Nation- ality Act, as added by the Act of September 26, 1961 (75 Stat. 654, 655; 8 U.S.C. 1182), are hereby redesignated sections 212 ( g ) , ( h ) , and (i), respectively, and section 212(g) as so redesignated is amended by inserting before the words "afflicted with tuberculosis in any form" the following: "who is excludable from the United States under aragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this section, or any alien" and P y adding at the end of such subsection the following sentence: "Any Efi^^i^nuy ^' alien excludable under paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of this section conditions. because of past history of mental illness who has one of the same family relationships as are prescribed in this subsection for aliens afflicted with tuberculosis and whom the Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service finds to have been free of such mental illness for a period of time sufficient in the light of such history to demonstrate recovery shall be eligible for a visa in accordance with the terms of this subsection." SEC. 16. Sections 1, 2, and 11 of the Act of July 14, 1960 (74 Stat. Repeal. 504-505), as amended by section 6 of the Act of June 28, 1962 (76 s use iisa Stat. 124), are repealed. SEC. 17. Section 221 (g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act ^.Nonimmigrant (66 Stat. 192; 8 U.S.C. 1201(g)) is amended by deleting the period ^'sonding require. at the end thereof and adding the following: " : Provided further, ments. That a visa may be issued to an alien defined in section 101(a) (15) (B) or ( F ) , if such alien is otherwise entitled to receive a visa, ^ "^^ i^o^- upon receipt of a notice by the consular officer from the Attorney General of the giving of a bond with sufficient surety in such sum and containing such conditions as the consular officer shall prescribe, to insure that at the expiration of the time for which such alien has
920 PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 [79 STAT. ^\js*c*'i m • heen admitted by the Attorney General, as provided in section 214 ( a ) , or upon failure to maintain the status under which he was admitted, or to maintain any status subsequently acquired under section 248 8 use 1258. Qf ^jjg ^ c t , such alien will depart from the United States." SEC. 18. So much of section 272(a) of the Immigration and Nation- ality Act (66 Stat. 226; 8 U.S.C. 1322(a)) as precedes the words "shall pay to the collector of customs" is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 272. (a) Any person who shall bring to the United States an alien (other than an alien crewman) who is (1) mentally retarded, (2) insane, (3) afflicted with psychopathic personality, or with sexual deviation, (4) a chronic alcoholic, (5) afflicted with any dangerous contagious disease, or (6) a narcotic drug addict,". SEC. 19. Section 249 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 72 Stat. 546. gtat. 219; 8 U.S.C. 1259) is amended by striking out "June 28, 1940" in clause (a) of such section and inserting in lieu thereof "June 30, 1948." Effective date. QEC. 20. This Act shall become effective on the first day of the first month after the expiration of thirty days following the date of its enactment except as provided herein. sion^^n^wi^Te'^'^" ^^^' ^^' ^^^ There is hereby established a Select Commission on Hemisphere^ immi- Westem Hemisphere Immigration (hereinafter referred to as the gi^^tio"- "Commission") to be composed of fifteen members. The President Establishment, gj^^ll appoint the Chairman of the Commission and four other members thereof. The President of the Senate, with the approval of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate, shall appoint five mem- bers from the membership of the Senate. The Speaker of the House of Representatives, with the approval of the majority and minority leaders of the House, shall appoint five members from the membership of the House. Not more than three members appointed by the Presi- dent of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, respectively, shall be members of the same political party. A vacancy in the membership of the Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original designation and appointment. ^'""^y- (b) The Commission shall study the following matters: (1) Prevailing and projected demographic, technological, and economic trends, particularly as they pertain to Western Hemi- sphere nations; (2) Present and projected unemployment in the United States, by occupations, industries, geographic areas and other factors, in relation to immigration from the Western Hemisphere; (3) The interrelationships between immigration, present and future, and existing and contemplated national and international programs and projects of Western Hemisphere nations, including programs and projects for economic and social development; (4) Tlie operation of the immigration laws of the United States as they pertain to Western Hemisphere nations, including the adjustment of status for Cuban refugees, with emphasis on the adequacy of such laws from the standpoint of fairness and from the standpoint of the impact of such laws on employment and working conditions within the United States; (5) The implications of the foregoing with respect to the security and international relations of Western Hemispliere nations; and (6) Any other matters which the Commission believes to be germane to the purposes for which it was established. Reports to Pres- (g) Ou or bcfore July 1, 1967, the Commission shall make a first ident and Con- gress report to the President and the Congress, and on or before January 15, 1968, the Commission shall make a final report to the President and the Congress. Such reports shall include the recommendations
79 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-236-OCT. 3, 1965 921 of the Commission as to what changes, if any, are needed in the immi- gration laws in the light of its study. The Commission's recom- mendations shall include, but shall not be limited to, recommenda- tions as to whether, and if so how, numerical limitations should be imposed upon immigration to the United States from the nations of the Western Hemisphere. In formulating its recommendations on the latter subject, the Commission shall give particular attention to the impact of such immigration on employment and working condi- tions within the United States and to the necessity of preserving the special relationship of the United States with its sister Republics of the Western Hemisphere. (d) The life of the Commission shall expire upon the filing of its Termination. final report, except that the Commission may continue to function for up to sixty days thereafter for the purpose of winding up its affairs. (e) Unless legislation inconsistent herewith is enacted on or before June 30, 1968, in response to recommendations of the Commission or otherwise, the number of special immigrants within the meaning of Ante, p . 916. section 101(a) (27) (A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended, exclusive of special immigrants who are immediate relatives of United States citizens as described in section 201(b) of that Act, Ante, p . 9 11. shall not, in the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1968, or in any fiscal year thereafter, exceed a total of 120,000. (f) All Federal agencies shall cooperate fully with the Commission to the end that it may effectively carr^ out its duties. (g) Each member of the Commission who is not otherwise in the Compensation. service of the Government of the United States shall receive the sum of $100 for each day spent in the work of the Commission, shall be paid actual travel expenses, and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses, when away from his usual place of residence, in accordance with section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended. 60 Stat. 808; 75 Stat. 3 3 9 , 3 4 0 . Each member of the Commission who is otherwise in the service of 5 u s e 73b..2. the Government of the United States shall serve without compensa- tion in addition to that received for such other service, but while engaged in the work of the Commission shall be paid actual travel expenses, when away from his usual place of residence, in accordance with the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended. Appropri at ion. (h) There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, so much as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. SEC. 22. (a) The designation of chapter 1, title I I , is amended to 66 Stat. 17 5. read as follows: "CHAPTER 1—SELECTION SYSTEM". (b) The title preceding section 201 is amended to read as follows: "NUMERICAL LIMITATIONS". (c) The title preceding section 202 is amended to read as follows: "NUMERICAL LIMITATION TO ANY SINGLE FOREIGN STATE". (d) The title preceding section 203 is amended to read as follows: "ALLOCATION OF IMMIGRANT VISAS". (e) The title preceding section 204 is amended to read as follows: "PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING IMMIGRANT STATUS". (f) The title preceding section 205 is amended to read as follows: "REVOCATION OF APPROVAL OF PETITIONS". (g) The title preceding section 206 is amended to read as follows: "UNUSED IMMIGRANT VISAS". (h) The title preceding section 207 is repealed. (i) The title preceding section 224 of chapter 3, title I I , is amended to read as follows: "IMMEDIATE RELATIVE AND SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISAS". 49-850 0-66—61
922 PUBLIC LAW 89-237-OCT. 4, 1965 [79 STAT. (j) The title preceding section 249 is amended to read as follows: *'lffiCORD o r A D M I S S I O N FOR P E R M A N E N T RESIDENCE I N T H E CASE OF CER- T A I N A L I E N S W H O E N T E R E D T H E U N I T E D STATES PRIOR TO J U L Y 1 , 1 9 2 4 , OR J U N E 3 0 , 1 9 4 8 " . 66 Stat. 163. S E C 23. (a) The table of contents (Title II—Immigration, chap- ter 1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, is amended to read as follows: "CHAPTER 1—SELECTION SYSTEM "Sec. 201. Numerical limitations. "Sec. 202. Numerical limitation to any single foreign state. "Sec. 203. Allocation of immigrant visas. "Sec. 204, Procedure for granting immigrant status. "Sec, 205, Revocation of approval of petitions. "Sec, 206. Unused imonigralnt visas." (b) The table of contents (Title II—Immigration, chapter 3) of the Immigration and Nationality Adt, is amended by changing the designation of section 224 to read as follows: "Sec. 224. Immediate relative and special immigrant visas." (c) The table of contents (Title II—Immigration, chapter 5) of the Immigration and Nationality Adt is amended by changing the desig- nation of section 249 to read as follows: "Sec. 249. Record of admission for permanent residence in the case of certain aliens vsrho entered the United States prior to July 1, 1924, or June 30, 1948." Repeal, S E C 24. Paragraph (6) of section 101(b) is repealed. 75 Stat. 650. 8 u s e 1101. Approved October 3, 1965, 3:25 p.m. Public Law 89-237 October 4, 1965 AN ACT [H, R, 4152] To amend the Federal Farm Loan Act and the Farm Credit Act of 1933 to provide means for expediting the retirement of Government capital in the Federal intermediate credit banks, including an increase in the debt permitted such banks in relation to their capital and provision for the production credit associations to acquire additional capital stock therein, to provide for allocat- ing certain earnings of such banks and associations to their users, and for other purposes. Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Refresentatvoes of the F e d e r a l Farm Loan Act and United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Federal Farm Credit Act F a r m Loan Act, as amended, is hereby amended— of 1933, amend- (a) by inserting immediately before the semicolon at the end ments. 70 Stat. 663, of paragraph (1) of section 202(a) thereof (12 U.S.C. 1031(1)) the following: "or without collateral to the extent authorized under rules and regulations prescribed by the F a r m Credit Admin- istration" ; (b) by striking out '•''Provided'''' and all that follows it in section 49 Stat. 315, 203(a) thereof (12 U.S.C. 1041) and substituting therefor the following: ''''Provided, That the aggregate amount of the outstand- ing debentures and similar obligations issued by the Federal intermediate credit banks shall not exceed twelve times the surplus and paid-in capital of all such banks."; 70 Stat. 660. (c) in section 205(a) thereof (12 U.S.C. 1061(a))— (i) by substituting "one-eighth" for "one-sixth" in the ninth sentence of para^rapn (1) ; and (ii) by inserting the following as two separate paragraphs between the eleventh and twelfth sentences of paragraph (2) : "Each Federal intermediate credit bank, with the approval of the F a r m Credit Administration, may determine the amount of