The text of the bill below is as of Sep 9, 1966 (Passed Congress).
718 PUBLIC LAW 89.563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. Public Law 89-563 September 9, 1966 AN ACT [S.3005] To provide for a coordinated national safety program and establishment of safety standards for motor vehicles in interstate commerce to reduce accidents involving motor vehicles and to reduce the deaths and injuries occurring in such accidents. Be it encLcted hy the Senate and House of Refresentatives of the o !J^«V°*"t^7*if/^}° United States of America in Congress assembled. That Congress and Motor v e h i c l e -, i i i / i j , i ( • ! • » • ^ / v > . Safety Act of 1966. hereby declares that the purpose ot this Act is to reduce traffic acci- dents and deaths and injuries to persons resulting from traffic acci- dents. Therefore, Congress determines that it is necessary to establish motor vehicle safety standards for motor vehicles and equipment in interstate commerce; to undertake and support necessary safety research and development; and to expand the national driver register. T I T L E I—MOTOR V E H I C L E S A F E T Y S T A N D A R D S Short title. SEC. 101. This Act may be cited as the "National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966". Definitions. SEC. 102. As used in this title— (1) "Motor vehicle safety" means the performance of motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment in such a manner that the public is pro- tected against unreasonable risk of accidents occurring as a result of the design, construction or performance of motor vehicles and is also protected against unreasonable risk of death or injury to persons in the event accidents do occur, and includes nonoperational safety of such vehicles. (2) "Motor vehicle safety standards" means a minimum standard for motor vehicle performance, or motor vehicle equipment perform- ance, which is practicable, which meets the need for motor vehicle safety and which provides objective criteria. (3) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle driven or drawn by mechan- ical power manufactured primarily for use on the public streets, roads, and highways, except any vehicle operated exclusively on a rail or rails. (4) "Motor vehicle equipment" means any system, part, or com- ponent of a motor vehicle as originally manufactured or any similar part or component manufactured or sold for replacement or improve- ment of such system, part, or component or as an accessory, or addition to the motor vehicle. (5) "Manufacturer" means any person engaged in the manufac- turing or assembling of motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment, including any person importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equip- ment for resale. (6) "Distributor" means any person primarily engaged in the sale and distribution of motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for resale. (7) "Dealer" means any person who is engaged in the sale and distribution of new motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment pri- marily to purchasers who in good faith purchase any such vehicle or equipment for purposes other than resale. (8) "State" includes each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and American Samoa. (9) "Interstate commerce" means commerce between any place in a State and any place in another State, or between places in the same State through another State. (10) "Secretary" means Secretary of Commerce.
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 719 (11) "Defect" includes any defect in performance, construction, components, or materials in motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment. (12) "United States district courts" means the Federal district courts of the United States and the United States courts of the Com- monwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and American Samoa. (13) "Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission" means the Commis- sion established pursuant to the joint resolution of the Congress relat- 23 u s e 313 ing to highway traffic safety, approved August 20,1958 (72 Stat. 635), note. or as it may be hereafter reconstituted by law. SEC. 103. (a) The Secretary shall establish by order appropriate Standards. Federal motor vehicle safety standards. Each such Federal motor vehicle safety standard shall be practicable, shall meet the need for motor vehicle safety, and shall be stated in objective terms. (b) The Administrative Procedure Act shall apply to all orders 60 Stat. 237. 5 u s e 10 01 establishing, amending, or revoking a Federal motor vehicle safety note. standard under this title. (c) Each order establishing a Federal motor vehicle safety standard Effective date. shall specify the date such standard is to take effect which shall not be sooner than one hundred and eighty days or later than one year from the date such order is issued, unless the Secretary finds, for good cause shown, that an earlier or later effective date is in the public interest, and publishes his reasons for such finding. (d) Whenever a Federal motor vehicle safety standard established under this title is in effect, no State or political subdivision of a State shall have any authority either to establish, or to continue in eft'ect, with respect to any motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment any safety standard applicable to the same aspect of per- formance of such vehicle or item of equipment which is not identi- cal to the Federal standard. Nothing in this section shall be con- strued to prevent the Federal Government or the government of any State or political subdivision thereof from establishing a safety requirement applicable to motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment procured for its own use if such requirement imposes a higher stand- ard of performance than that required to comply with the otherwise applicable Federal standard. (e) The Secretary may by order amend or revoke any Federal Revocation, motor vehicle safety standard established under this section. Such order shall specify the date on which such amendment or revocation is to take effect which shall not be sooner than one hundred and eighty days or later than one year from the date the order is issued, unless the Secretary finds, for good cause shown, that an earlier or later effective date is in the public interest, and publishes his rea- sons for such finding. (f) I n prescribing standards under this section, the Secretary shall— (1) consider relevant available motor vehicle safety data, including the results of research, development, testing and evalua- tion activities conducted pursuant to this Act; (2) consult with the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission, and such other State or interstate agencies (including legislative committees) as he deems appropriate; (3) consider whether .any such proposed standard is reasonable, practicable and appropriate for the particular type of motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment for which it is pre- scribed; and (4) consider the extent to which such standards will contribute to carrying out the purposes of this Act.
720 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. Dual standards, (g) I n prescribing safety regulations covering motor vehicles sub- prohibition, 49 Stat. 543; ject to part I I of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended (49 U.S.G. 54 Stat. 919. 301 et seq.), or the Transportation of Explosives Act, .as amended (18 74 Stat. 808. U.S.C. 831-835), the Interstate Commerce Commission shall not adopt or continue in effect any safety regulation which differs from a motor vehicle safety standard issued by the Secretary under this title, except that nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to prohibit the Inter- state Commerce Commission from prescribing for any motor vehicle operated by a carrier subject to regulation under either or both of such Acts, a safety regulation which imposes a higher standard of performance subsequent to its manufacture than that required to com- ply with the applicable Federal standard at the time of manufacture. (h) The Secretary shall issue initial Federal motor vehicle safety standards based upon existing safety standards on or before January 31, 1967. On or before January 31j 1968, the Secretary shall issue new and revised Federal motor vehicle safety standards under this title. National Motor SEC. 104. (a) The Secretary shall establish a National Motor Vehicle Safety Advisory Coun- Vehicle Safety Advisory Council, a majority of which shall be repre- cil, establishment. sentatives of the general public, including representatives of State and local governments, and the remainder shall include representatives of motor vehicle manufacturers, motor vehicle equipment manufacturers, and motor vehicle dealers. (b) The Secretary shall consult with the Advisory Council on motor vehicle safety standards under this Act. Compensf.tion (c) Members of the National Motor Vehicle Safety Advisory Coun- of members. cil may be compensated at a rate not to exceed $100 per diem (including travel time) when engaged in the actual duties of the Advisory Coun- cil. Such members, while away from their homes or regular places of business, may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence as authorized by section 5 of the Administrative 60 Stat. 808; Expenses Act of 1946 (5 U.S.C. 73b-2), for persons in the Government 75 Stat. 339, 340. service employed intermittently. Payments under this section shall not render members of the Advisory Council employees or officials of the Linited States for any purpose. Judicial re- view. SEC. 105. ( a ) ( 1 ) In a case of actual controversy as to the validity of any order under section 103, any person who will be adversely affected by such order when it is effective may at any time prior to the sixtieth day after such order is issued file a petition with the United States court of appeals for the circuit wherein such person resides or has his principal place of business, for a judicial review of such order. A copy of the petition shall be forthwith transmitted by the clerk of the court to the Secretary or other officer designated by him for that pur- pose. The Secretary thereupon shall file in the court the record of the proceedings on which the Secretary based his order, as provided in 72 Stat. 941. section 2112 of title 28 of the United States Code. Modification of findings. (2) If the petitioner applies to the court for leave to adduce addi- tional evidence, and shows to the satisfaction of the court that such additional evidence is material and that there were reasonable grounds for the failure to adduce such evidence in the proceeding before the Secretary, the court may order such additional evidence (and evidence in rebuttal thereof) to be taken before the Secretary, and to be adduced upon the hearing, in such manner and upon such terms and conditions as to the court may seem proper. The Secretary may modify his findings as to the facts, or make new findings, by reason of the addi- tional evidence so taken, and he shall file such modified or new findings, and his recommendation, if any, for the modification or setting aside of his original order, with the return of such additional evidence.
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 721 (3) Upon the filing of the petition referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection, the court shall have jurisdiction to review the order in accordance with section 10 of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 1009) and to grant appropriate relief as provided in such 60 Stat. 2 4 3 . section. (4) The judgment of the court affirming or setting aside, in whole or in part, any such order of the Secretary shall be final, subject to review by the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or certification as provided in section 1254 of title 28 of the United States 6 2 Stat. 9 28. Code. (5) Any action instituted under this subsection shall survive, not- withstanding any change in the person occupying the office of Secre- t ary of any vacancy in such office. (6) The remedies provided for in this subsection shall be in addition to and not in substitution for any other remedies provided by law. (b) A certified copy of the transcript of the record and proceedings under this section shall be furnished by the Secretary to any interested party at his request, a.nd payment of the costs thereof, and shall be admissible in any criminal, exclusion of imports, or other proceeding arising under or in respect of this title, irrespective of w^hether pro- ceedings with respect to the order have previously been initiated or be- come final under subsection (a). SEC. 106. (a) The Secretary shall conduct research, testing, devel- R e s e a r c h and training, etc. opment, and training necessary to carry out the purposes of this title, including, but not limited to— (1) collecting data from any source for the purpose of deter- mining the relationship between motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment performance characteristics and (A) accidents involv- ing motor vehicles, and (B) the occurrence of death, or personal injury resulting from such accidents; (2) procuring (by negotiation or otherwise) experimental and other motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for research and testing purposes; (3) selling or otherwise disposing of test motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment and reimbursing the proceeds of such sale or disposal into the current appropriation available for the purpose of carrying out this title. (b) The Secretary is authorized to conduct research, testing, de- Grants. velopment, and training as authorized to be carried out by subsection (a) of this section by making grants for the conduct of such research, testing, development, and training to States, interstate agencies, and nonprofit institutions. (c) Whenever the Federal contribution for any research or develop- ment activity authorized by this Act encouraging motor vehicle safety is more than minimal, the Secretary shall include in any contract, grant, or other arrangement for such research or development activity, provisions effective to insure that all information, uses, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from that activity will be made freely and fully available to the general public. Nothing herein shall be construed to deprive the owner of any background patent of any right Avhich he may have thereunder. SEC. 107. The Secretary is authorized to advise, assist, and cooperate Cooperation. with, other Federal departments and agencies, and State and other in- terested public and private agencies, in the planning and development of— (1) motor vehicle safety standards; (2) methods for inspecting and testing to determine compliance witli motor vehicle safety standards.
722 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. SEC. 108. (a) No person shall— (1) manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale, or introduce or deliver for introduction in interstate commerce, or import into the United States, any motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equip- ment manufactured on or after the date any applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard takes effect under this title unless it is in conformity with such standard except as provided in subsection (b) of this section; (2) fail or refuse access to or copying of records, or fail to make reports or provide information, or fail or refuse to permit entry or mspection, as required under section 112; (3) fail to issue a certificate required by section 114, or issue a certificate to the effect that a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards, if such person in the exercise of due care has reason to know that such certificate is false or mislead- ing in a material respect; (4) fail to furnish notification of any defect as required by section 113. (b)(1) Paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall not apply to the sale, the offer for sale, or the introduction or delivery for introduction in interstate commerce of any motor vehicle or motor vehicle equip- ment after the first purchase of it in good faith for purposes other Used motor ve- than resale. In order to assure a continuing and effective national hicles, state in- spection. traffic safety program, it is the policy of (congress to encourage and strengthen the enforcement of State inspection of used motor vehicles. Therefore to that end the Secretary shall conduct a thorough study and investigation to determine the adequacy of motor vehicle safety standards and motor vehicle inspection requirements and pro- cedures applicable to used motor vehicles in each State, and the effect of programs authorized by this title upon such standards, require- Report to ments, and procedures for used motor vehicles, and report to Congress Congress. as soon as practicable but not later than one year after the date of enactment of this title, the results of such study, and recommenda- tions for such additional legislation as he deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. As soon as practicable after the sub- mission of such report, but no later than one year from the date of submission of such report, the Secretary, after consultation with the Council and such interested public and private agencies and groups as he deems advisable, shall establish uniform Federal motor vehicle safety standards applicable to all used motor vehicles. Such stand- ards shall be expressed in terms of motor vehicle safety performance. The Secretary is authorized to amend or revoke such standards pur- suant to this Act. (2) Paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall not apply to any person who establishes that he did not have reason to know in the exercise of due care that such vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment is not in conformity with applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards, or to any person who, prior to such first purchase, holds a certificate issued by the manufacturer or importer of such motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment, to the effect that such vehicle or equipment con- forms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards, unless such person knows that such vehicle or equipment does not so conform. Importation. (3) A motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment offered for importation in violation of paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall be refused admission into the United States under joint regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary; except that the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary may, by such regulations, provide for authorizing the importation of such motor vehicle or item
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 723 of motor vehicle equipment into the United States upon such terms and conditions (including the furnishing of a bond) as may appear to them appropriate to insure that any such motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment will be brought into conformity with any applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this title, or will be exported or abandoned to the United States, (4) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary may, by joint regulations, permit the temporary importation of any motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment after the first purchase of it in good faith for purposes other than resale. (5) Paragraph (1) of subsection (a) shall not apply in the case of a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment intended solely for export, and so labeled or tagged on the vehicle or item itself and on the outside of the container, if any, which is exported. (c) Compliance with any Federal motor vehicle safety standard issued under this title does not exempt any person from any liability under common law. SEC. 109. (a) Whoever violates any provision of section 108, or any violations. regulation issued thereunder, shall be subject to a civil penalty of not to exceed $1,000 for each such violation. Such violation of a pro- vision of section 108, or regulations issued thereunder, shall constitute a separate violation with respect to each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment or with respect to each failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required thereby, except that the maximum civil penalty shall not exceed $400,000 for any related series of violations. (b) Any such civil penalty may be compromised by the Secretai-y. In determining the amount of such penalty, or the amount agreed upon in compromise, the appropriateness of such penalty to tlie size of the business of the person charged and the gravity of the violation shall be considered. The amount of such penalty, when finally deter- mined, or the amount agreed upon in compromise, may be deducted from any sums owing b^ the United States to the i)erson charged. SEC, 110. (a) The United States district courts shall have jurisdic- "'f* '''^.^'•'j:* /. ^ ' 1 1 1 • 1 •• i>i /\ 1 courts, jurisdic- tion, tor cause shown and subject to the provisions of rule 65 (a) and tion. (b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, to restrain violations of ^^ ^^^ ^^P* this title, or to restrain the sale, offer for sale, or the introduction or delivery for introduction, in interstate commerce, or the importation into the United States, of any motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment which is determined, prior to the first purchase of such vehicle in good faith for purposes other than resale, not to conform to applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards prescribed pur- suant to this title, upon petition by the appropriate United States attorney or the Attorney General on behalf of the United States. Whenever practicable, the Secretary shall give notice to any person against whom an action for injunctive relief is contemplated and afford him an opportunity to present his views, and, except in the case of a knowing and willful violation, shall afford him reasonable oppor- tunity to achieve compliance. The failure to give such notice and afford such opportunity shall not preclude the granting of appropriate relief. (b) In any proceeding for criminal contempt for violation of an in- junction or restraining order issued under this section, which viola- tion also constitutes a violation of this title, trial shall be by the court or, upon demand of the accused, by a jury. Such trial shall be con- ducted in accordance with the practice and procedure applicable in the case of proceedings subject to the provisions of rule 42(b) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. ^^ ^^^ ^PP-
724 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. (c) Actions under subsection (a) of this section and section 109(a) of this title may be brought in the district wherein any act or trans- action constituting the violation occurred, or in the district wherein the defendant is found or is an inhabitant or transacts business, and process in such cases may be served in any other district of which the defendant is an inliabitant or wherever the defendant may be found. (d) In any actions brought under subsection (a) of this section and section 109(a) of this title, subpoenas for witnesses who are required to attend a United States district court may run into any other district. importatiw''^' (e) I t shall be the duty of every manufacturer offering a motor Service of proc- veliicle or item of motor vehicle equipment for importation into the of a' ^^j'^^'^°" United States to designate in writing an agent upon whom service of all administrative and judicial processes, notices, orders, decisions and requirements may be made for and on behalf of said manufacturer, and to file such designation with the Secretary, which designation may from time to time be changed by like writing, similarly filed. Service of all administrative and judicial processes, notices, orders, decisions and requirements may be made upon said manufacturer by service upon such designated agent at his office or usual place of residence with like effect as if made personally upon said manufacturer, and in default of such designation of such agent, service of process, notice, order, I'equirement or decision in any proceeding before the Secretary or in any judicial proceeding for enforcement of this title or any standards prescribed pursuant to this title may be made by posting such process, notice, order, requirement or decision in the Office of the Secretary. Noncompliance. ^^c. 111. (a) If ally motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equip- ment is determined not to conform to applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards, or contains a defect which relates to motor vehicle safety, after the sale of such vehicle or item of equipment by a manu- facturer or a distributor to a distributor or a dealer and prior to the sale of such veliicle or item of equipment by such distributor or dealer: (1) The manufacturer or distributor, as the case may be, shall immediately repurchase such vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment from such distributor or dealer at the price paid by such distributor or dealer, plus all transportation charges involved and a reasonable reimbursement of not less than 1 per centum per month of svicli price paid prorated from the date of notice of such nonconformance to the date of repurchase by the manufacturer or distributor; or (2) In the case of motor vehicles, the manufacturer or distribu- tor, as the case may be, at his own expense, shall immediately furnish the purchasing distributor or dealer the required con- forming part or parts or equipment for installation by the dis- tributor or dealer on or in such vehicle and for the installation involved the manufacturer shall reimburse such distributor or dealer for the reasonable value of such installation plus a reason- able reimbursement of not less than 1 per centum per month of the manufacturer's or distributor's selling price prorated from the date of notice of such nonconformance to the date such vehicle is brought into conformance with applicable Federal standards: Provided, however, That the distributor or dealer proceeds with reasonable diligence with the installation after the required part, parts or equipment are received. (b) In the event any manufacturer or distributor shall refuse to comply with the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsec- tion ( a ) , then the distributor or dealer, as the case may be, to whom such nonconforming vehicle or equipment has been sold may bring suit against such manufacturer or distributor in any district court of the
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 725 United States in the district in which said manufacturer or distributor resides, or is found, or has an agent, without respect to the amount in controversy, and shall recover the damage by him sustained, as well as all court costs plus reasonable attorneys' fees. Any action brought pursuant to this section shall be forever barred unless commenced within three years after the cause of action shall have accrued. (c) The value of such installations and such reasonable reimburse- ments as specified in subsection (a) of this section shall be fixed by mutual agreement of the parties, or failing such agreement, by the court pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section. SEC. 112. (a) The Secretary is authorized to conduct such inspec- inspection. tion and investigation as may be necessary to enforce Federal vehicle safety standards established under this title. He shall furnish the Attorney General and, when appropriate, the Secretary of the Treas- ury any information obtained indicating noncompliance with such standards, for appropriate action. (b) For purposes of enforcement of this title, officers or employees duly designated by the Secretary, upon presenting appropriate cre- dentials and a written notice to the owner, operator, or agent in charge, are authorized (1) to enter, at reasonable times, any factory, ware- house, or establishment in which motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle equipment are manufactured, or held for introduction into interstate commerce or are held for sale after such introduction; and (2) to inspect, at reasonable times and within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner, such factory, warehouse, or establishment. Each such inspection shall be commenced and completed with reason- able promptness. (c) Everj' manufacturer of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equip- requTreJife^nVJf "^ ment shall establish and maintain such records, make such reports, and provide such information as the Secretary may reasonably require to enable him to determine whether such manufacturer has acted or is acting in compliance with this title and motor vehicle safety Standards prescribed pursuant to this title and shall, upon request of an officer or employee duly designated by the Secretary, permit such officer or employee to inspect appropriate books, papers, records, and documents relevant to determinmg whether such manufacturer has acted or is acting in compliance with this title and motor vehicle safety standards prescribed pursuant to this title. (d) Every manufacturer of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equip- ment shall provide to the Secretary such performance data and other technical data related to performance and safety as may be required to carry out the purposes of this Act. The Secretary is authorized to require the manufacturer to give such notification of such performance and technical data at the time of original purchase to the first person who purchases a motor vehicle or item of equipment for purposes other than resale, as he determines necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. (e) All information reported to or otlierwise obtained by the Secre- tary or his representative ])ursuant to subsection (b) or (c) which information contains or relates to a trade secret or other matter referred to in section 1905 of title 18 of the TTnited States Code, " ^*^*- ^^^• shall be considered confidential for the purpose of that section, except that such information may be disclosed to other officers or employees concerned with carrying cut this title or when relevant in any pro- ceeding under this title. Nothing in this section shall authorize the withholding of information by the Secretaiy or any officer or employee under his control, from tlie duly authorized committees of the Congress. SEC. 113. (a) Every manufacturer of motor vehicles shall furnish de^fecV.''^*'°" °^ notification of any defect in any motor vehicle or motor vehicle equip-
726 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. nient produced by such manufacturer which he determines, in ^ood faith, relates to motor vehicle safety, to the purchaser (where known to the manufacturer) of such motor vehicle or motor vehicle equip- ment, within a reasonable time after such manufacturer has discovered such defect. Notification by (b) The notitication required by subsection (a) shall be accom- certified mail. plished— (1) by certified mail to the Hrst purchaser (not includinj>j any dealer of such manufacturer) of the motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment containing such a defect, and to any subse- quent purchaser to whom has been transferred any warranty on such motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment; and (2) by certified mail or other more expeditious means to the dealer or dealers of such manufacturer to whom such motor vehicle or equipment was delivered. (c) The notification required by subsection (a) shall ccmtain a clear description of such defect, an evaluation of the risk to traffic safety reasonably related to such defect, and a statement of the meas- ures to be taken to repair such defect. (d) Pjvery manufacturer of motor vehicles shall furnish to the Sec- retary a true or representative copy of all notices, bulletins, and other communications to the dealers of such manufacturer or purchasers of motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment of such manufacturer regarding^ any defect in such vehicle or equipment sold or serviced by such dealer. The Secretary shall disclose so much of the information contained in such notice or other information obtained under section 112(a) to the public as he deems will assist in carrying out the pur- poses of this Act, but he shall not disclose any information which con- tains or relates to a trade secret or other matter referred to in section 62 Stat. 791. 1905 of title 18 of the United States Code unless he determines that it is necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. (e) If through testing, inspection, investigation, or research carried out pursuant to this title, or examination of reports pursuant to sub- section (d) of this section, or otherwise, the Secretary determines that any motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment— (1) does not comply with an applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard prescribed pursuant to section 103; or (2) contains a defect which relates to motor vehicle safety; then he shall immediately notify the manufacturer of such motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment of such defect or failure to comply. The notice shall contain the findings of the Secretary and shall include all information upon which the findings are based. The Secretary shall afford such manufacturer an opportunity to present his views and evidence in support thereof, to establish that there is no failure of compliance or that the alleged defect does not affect motor vehicle safety. If after such presentation by the manufacturer the Secretary determines that such vehicle or item of equipment does not comply with applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards, or contains a defect which relates to motor vehicle safety, the Secretary shall direct the manufacturer to furnish the notification specified in subsection (c) of this section to the .purchaser of such motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment as provided in subsections (a) and (b) of this section. Certification of SEC. 114. Every manufacturer or distributor of a motor vehicle or vehicle or equip- ment. motor vehicle equipment shall furnish to the distributor or dealer at the time of delivery of such vehicle or equipment by such manufacturer or distributor the certification that each such vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards. I n the case of an item of motor vehicle equipment
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 727 such certification may be in the form of a label or tag on such item or on the outside of a container in which such item is delivered. In the I'ase of a motor vehicle such certification shall be in the form of a label or tag permanently affixed to such motor vehicle. SEC. 115. The Secretary shall carry out the provisions of this Act National Traffic Safety Agency, through a National Traffic Safety Agency (hereinafter referred to as estabiisifment the "Agency"), which he shall establish in the Department of Com- merce. The Agency shall be headed by a Traffic Safety Administrator vv'ho shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be compensated at the rate prescribed for level V of the Federal Executive Salary Schedule established by the Federal Executive Salary Act of 1961. The Administrator shall 5Vsc'22n'.' be a citizen of the United States, and shall be appointed with due regard for his fitness to discharge efficiently the powers and the duties dele- gated to him pursuant to this Act. The Administrator shall perform such duties as are delegated to him by the Secretary. SEC. 116. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to exempt from ihe antitrust laws of the United States any conduct that would other- wise be unlawful under such laws, or to prohibit under the antitrust laws of the L^nited States any conduct that would be lawful under such laws. SEC. 117. (a) The Act entitled ''An Act to provide that hydraulic BrTe^f!uid. brake fluid sold or shipped in commerce for use in motor vehicles shall meet certain specifications prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce'', approved September 5, 1962 (76 Stat. 437; Public Law 87-637), and ^3^^^^^ ^^oi- the Act entitled "An Act to provide that seat belts sold or shipped in sekt belts, interstate commerce for use in motor vehicles shall meet certain safety standards", approved December 13, 1963 (77 Stat. 361; Public Law 88-201), are hereby repealed. 15 u s e 132 1- 1323. (b) Whoever, prior to the date of enactment of this section, know- ingly and willfully violates any provision of law repealed by sub- section (a) of this section, shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of such laws as in effect on the date such violation occurred. , (c) All standards issued under authority of the laws repealed by subsection (a) of this section which are in efl'ect at the time this section takes effect, shall continue in effect as if they had been effec- tively issued under section 103 until amended or revoked by the Secretary, or a court of competent jurisdiction by operation of law. (d) Any proceeding relating to any provision of law repealed by subsection (a) of this section which is pending at the time this section takes effect shall be continued by the Secretary as if this section had not been enacted, and orders issued in any such proceeding shall continue in effect as if they had been effectively issued under section 103 until amended or revoked by the Secretary in accordance with this title, or by operation of law. (e) The repeals made by subsection (a) of this section shall not savings provi- affect any suit, action, or other proceeding lawfully commenced prior to the date this section takes effect, and all such suits, actions, and l)roceedings, shall be continued, proceedings therein had, appeals therein taken, and judgments therein rendered, in the same manner and with the same effect as if this section had not been enacted. No suit, action, or other proceeding lawfully commenced by or against any agency or officer of the United States in relation to the discharge of official duties under any provision of law repealed by subsection (a) of this section shall abate by reason of such repeal, but the court, upon motion or supplemental petition filed at any time within 12 months after the date of enactment of this section showing the neces- sity for the survival of such suit, action, or other proceeding to obtain
728 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. a settlement of the questions involved, may allow the same to be main- tained. SEC. 118. The Secretary, in exercising the authority under this title, shall utilize the services, research and testing facilities of public agen- cies to the maximum extent practicable in order to avoid duplication. Regulations. g^,^^ ^19. The Sccrctary is authorized to issue, amend, and revoke such rules and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out this title. co^^^esV° ^^^' ^^^' (^) ^ ^ ^ Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Presi- dent for transmittal to the Congress on March 1 of each year a compre- hensive report on the administration of this Act for the preceding calendar year. Such report shall include but not be restricted to (1) a thorough statistical compilation of the accidents and injuries oc- curring in such year; (2) a list of Federal motor vehicle safety stand- ards prescribed or in effect in such year; (3) the degree of observance of applicable Federal motor vehicle standards; (4) a summary of all current research grants and contracts together with a description of the problems to be considered by such grants and contracts; (5) an analysis and evaluation, including relevant policy recommendations, of research activities completed and technological progress achieved during such year; and (6) the extent to which technical information was disseminated to the scientific community and consumer-oriented information was made available to the motoring public. (b) The report required by subsection (a) of this section shall con- tain such recommendations for additional legislation as the Secretary deems necessary to promote cooperation among the several States in the improvement of traffic safety and to strengthen the national traffic safety program. Appropriations. g^^^ -^^i^ (a) There is authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this title, other than those related to tire safety, not to exceed $11,000,000 for fiscal year 1967, $17,000,000 for fiscal'year 1968, and $23,000,000 for the fiscal year 1969. (b) There is authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this title related to tire safety and title I I , not to exceed $2,900,000 for fiscal year 1967, and $1,450,000 per fiscal year for the fiscal years 1968 and 1969. Effective date. g^,^^ -j22. The provisious of this title for certification of motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment shall take effect on the effective date of the first standard actually issued under section 103 of this title. T I T L E II—TIRP] S A F E T Y Labeling. gj,(._ 201. l u all Standards for pneumatic tires established under title I of this Act, the Secretary shall require that tires subject thereto be permanently and conspicuously labeled with such safety informa- tion as he determines to be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. Such labeling shall include— (1) suitable identification of the manufacturer, or in the case of a retreaded tire suitable identification of the retreader, unless the tire contains a brand name other than the name of the manu- facturer in which case it shall also contain a code mark which would permit the seller of such tire to identify the manufacturer thereof to the purchaser upon his request. (2) the composition of the material used in the ply of the tire. (3) the actual number of plies in the tire. (4) the maximum permissible load for the tire. (5) a recital that the tire conforms to Federal minimum safe l)erformance standards, except that in lieu of such recital the Secretary may prescribe an appropriate mark or symbol for use by those manufacturers or retreaders who comply with such standards.
80 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 729 The Secretary may require that additional safety related information be disclosed to the purchaser of a tire at the time of sale of the tire. SEC. 202. In standards established under title I of this Act the Secre- tary shall require tliat each motor vehicle be equipped by the manu- facturer or by the purchaser thereof at the time of the first purchase thereof in good faith for purposes other than resale with tires which meet the maximum permissible load standards when such vehicle is fully loaded with the maximum number of passengers it is designed to carry and a reasonable amount of luggage. SEC. 203. In order to assist the consumer to make an informed "^'""^ standards. choice in the purchase of motor vehicle tires, w^ithin two years after the enactment of this title, the Secretary shall, through standards established under title I of this Act, prescribe by order, and publish in the Federal Register, a uniform quality grading system for motor F ePublication in deral Register. vehicle tires. Such order shall specify the date such system is to take effect which shall not be sooner than one hundred and eighty days or later than one year from the date such order is issued, unless the Secretary finds, for good cause shown, that an earlier or later effective date is in the public interest, and publishes his reasons for such finding. The Secretary shall also cooperate with industry and the Federal Trade Commission to the maximum extent practicable in efforts to eliminate deceptive and confusing tire nomenclature and marketing practices. SEC. 204. (a) No person shall sell, offer for sale, or introduce for sale or deliver for introduction in interstate commerce, any tire or motor vehicle equipped with any tire which has been regrooved, except that the Secretary may by order permit the sale of regrooved tires and motor vehicles equipped with regrooved tires which he finds are designed and constructed in a manner consistent with the purposes of this Act. (b) Violations of this section shall be subject to civil penalties and injunction in accordance with sections 109 and 110 of this Act. (c) For the purposes of this section the term "regrooved tire" means . "Rf grooved a tire on which a new^ tread has been produced by cutting into the tread of a worn tire. SEC. 205. In the event of any conflict between the requirements of orders or regulations issued by the Secretary under this title and title I of this Act applicable to motor vehicle tires and orders or adminis- trative interpretations issued by the Federal Trade Commission, the provisions of orders or regulations issued by the Secretary shall prevail. T I T L E I I I — A C C I D E N T AND I N J U R Y R E S E A R C H AND TEST FACILITY SEC. 301. The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized to make a complete investigation and study of the need for a facility or facilities to conduct research, development, and testing in traffic safety (includ- ing but not limited to motor vehicle and highway safety) authorized by law, and research, development, and testing relating to the safety of machinery used on highways or in connection with the maintenance of highways (with particular emphasis on tractor safety) as he deems appropriate and necessary. SEC. 302. Tlie Secretary shall report the results of his investigation ^ Report to and study to Congress not later than December 31,1967. Such report shall include but not be limited to (1) an inventory of existing capa- bilities, equipment, and facilities, either publicly or privately owned or operated, wliich could be made available for use by the Secretary in carrying out the safety research, development, and testing referred to
730 PUBLIC LAW 89-563-SEPT. 9, 1966 [80 STAT. in section 301, (2) recommendations as to the site or sites for any recommended facility or facilities, (3) preliminary plans, specifica- tions, and drawings for such recommended facility or facilities (includ- ing major research, development, and testing equipment), and (4) the estimated cost of the recommended sites, facilities, and equipment. Appropriation. gj,^. 393^ There is hereby authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $3,000,000 for the investigation, study, and report authorized by this title. Any funds so appropriated shall remain available until expended. T I T L E IV—NATIONAL DRIVER R E G I S T E R SEC. 401. The Act entitled "An Act to provide for a register in the Department of Commerce in which shall be listed the names of certain persons who have had their motor vehicle operator's licenses revoked", approved July 14,1960, as amended (74 Stat. 526; 23 U.S.C. 313 not©), is hereby amended to read as follows: "That the Secretary of Com- merce shall establish and maintain a register identifying each indi- vidual reported to him by a State, or political subdivision thereof, as an individual with respect to whom such State or political subdivision has denied, terminated, or temporarily withdrawn (except a with- drawal for less thn six months based on a series of nonmoving viola- tions) an individual's license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle. "SEO. 2. Only at the request of a State, a political subdivision thereof, or a Federal department or .agency, shall the Secretary fur- nish information contained in the register established under the first section of this Act, and such information shall be furnished only to the requesting party and only with respect to an individual applicant for a motor vehicle operator's license or permit. "SEO. 3. As used in this Act, the term 'State' includes each of the several States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and American Samoa." Approved September 9, 1966, 1:10 p.m.