< Back to H.R. 19504 (91st Congress, 1969–1971)

Text of the An Act to authorize appropriations for the construction of certain highways in accordance with title 23 of the United States ...

...the United States Code, and for other purposes

This bill was enacted on December 31, 1970. The text of the bill below is as of Dec 31, 1970 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

84 STAT. ]            PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970                                            1713

   (c) (1) Section 302(a) of the Clean Air Act is amended to read as               8 1 Stat. 504.
                                                                                   42
                                                                                         use 1857h,
follows:
                                                                                     "Administra-
  " ( a ) The term 'Administrator' means the Administrator of the                 tor.»»
Environmental Protection Agency."
   (2) The Clean Air Act is amended by striking out "Secretary"                     42   use   1857
                                                                                  note
wherever it appears (except in reference to the Secretary of a depart-
ment other than the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare)
and inserting in lieu thereof "Administrator"; by striking out "Secre-
tary of Health, Education, and Welfare" wherever it appears, and
inserting in lieu thereof "Administrator"; and by striking out
"Department of Health, Education, and Welfare" wherever it appears,
and inserting in lieu thereof "Environmental Protection Agency".

                             SAVINGS PROVISIONS

   SEC. 16. (a) (1) Any implementation plan adopted by any State and
submitted to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, or to
the Administrator pursuant to the Clean Air Act prior to enactment
of this Act may be approved under section 110 of the Clean Air Act                 Ante,    p . 1680.
(as amended by this Act) and shall remain in effect, unless the Admin-
istrator determines that such implementation plan, or any portion
thereof, is not consistent with the applicable requirements of the Clean
Air Act (as amended by this Act) and will not provide for the attain-
ment of national primary ambient air quality standards in the time
required by such Act. If the Administrator so determines, he shall,
within 90 days after promulgation of any national ambient air quality
standards pursuant to section 109(a) of the Clean Air Act, notify the               Ante,   p . 1679.
State and specify in what respects changes are needed to meet the
additional requirements of such Act, including requirements to imple-
ment national secondary ambient air quality standards. If such changes
are not adopted by the State after public hearings and within six
months after such notification, the Administrator shall promulgate
such changes pursuant to section 110 (c) of such Act.
   (2) The amendments made by section 4(b) shall not be construed as
repealing or modifying the powers of the Administrator with respect
to any conference convened under section 108 (d) of the Clean Air Act              Ante,    p . 1678.
before the date of enactment of this Act.
   (b) Regulations or standards issued under title I I of the Clean Air
Act prior to the enactment of this Act shall continue in effect until               81 Stat. 499.
                                                                                    42 u s e 1857f-l,
revised by the Administrator consistent with the purposes of such Act.
   Approved December 31, 1970.


Public Law 91-605
                                   AN ACT
                                                                                  December 3 1 , 1970
To authorize appropriations for the construction of certain highways in accord-     [H. R. 19504]
       ance with title 23 of the United States Code, and for other purposes.
 Be it enacted hy the Senate and Ilmise of Representatives              of the
United States of Am-erica In Congress assembled.                                    Highway con-
                 •'                   .       7   3                               struction and
                                                                                  safety.
                                 'T'TnnT "pi T                                       Appropriation
                                  J.iXX-<J!j J.                                   authorization.

                                SHORT TITLE

  SEC. 101. Tliis title may be cited as the "Federal-Aid Hiffhwav Act
of 1970".

1714 PUBLIC LAW 91^05-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. R E \ ' I S I O N OF A U T H O R I Z A T I O N OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR I N T E R S T A T E SYSTEM SEC. 102. Subsection (b) of section 108 of the Federal-Aid Highway 82 Stat. 815. Act of 1956, as amended, is amended by striking out "and the addi- ^^23 use 101 ^-^j^^j sum of $2,225,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1974" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "the additional sum of $4,000,0(X),000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1974, the additional sum of $4,000,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, and the additional sum of $4,000,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976". A U T H O R I Z A T I O N O F USE OF COST E S T I M A T E FOR A P P O R T I O N M E N T O F INTERSTATE FUNDS SEC. 103. The Secretary of Transportation is authorized to make the apportionment for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1972, and June 30, 1973, of the sums authorized to be appropriated for such years for expenditures on the National System of Interstate and Defense High- ways, using the apportionment factors contained in revised table 5, House Document Numbered 91-317. E X T E N S I O N O F T I M E FOR C O M P L E T I O N OF SYSTEM SEC. 104. (a) The second paragraph of section 101(b) of title 23, 82 Stat. 816. United States Code, is amended by striking out "eig:hteen years" and inserting in lieu thereof "twenty years" and by striking out "June 30, 1974" and inserting in lieu thereof "June 30, 1976". (b) (1) The introductory phrase and the second and third sentences of section 104(b) (5) of title 23, United States Code, are amended by striking out "1974" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof at each such place "1976". (2) Such section 104(b) (5) is further amended by striking out the two sentences preceding the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof Estimates, the followiug I "The Secretary shall make a revised estimate of the cost congJ^^sl!^ *° of completing the then designated Interstate System after taking into account all previous apportionments made under this section, in the same manner as stated above, and transmit the same to the Senate and the House of Representatives on April 20,1970. Upon the approval by the Congress, the Secretary shall use the Federal share of such approved estimate in making apportionments for the fiscal years end- ing June 30, 1972, and June 30, 1973. The Secretary shall make a revised estimate of the cost of completing the then designated Inter- state System after taking into account all previous apportionments made under this section, in the same manner as stated above, and transmit the same to the Senate and the House of Representatives within ten days subsequent to January 2, 1972. Upon the approval by the Congress, the Secretary shall use the Federal share of such approved estimate in making apportionments for the fiscal years end- ing June 30,1974, and J u n e 30,1975. The Secretary shall make a revised estimate of the cost of completing the then designated Interstate Sys- tem after taking into account all previous apportionments made under this section, in the same manner as stated above, and transmit the same to the Senate and the House of Representatives within ten days subse- quent to January 2, 1974. Upon the approval by the Congress, the Secretary shall use the Federal share of such approved estimate in making apportionments for the fiscal year ending June 30,1976."
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1715 HIGHWAY AUTHORIZATIONS SEC. 105. (a) For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of title 72 Stat. 885, 23, United States Code, the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: (1) For the Federal-aid primary system and the Federal-aid sec- ondary system and for their extension within urban areas, out of the Highway Trust Fund, $1,100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $1,100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. The sums authorized in this paragraph for each fiscal year shall be available for expenditure as follows: (A) 45 per centum for projects on the Federal-aid primary highway system; (B) 30 per centum for projects on the Federal-aid secondary highway system; and (C) 25 per centum for projects on extensions of the Federal-aid primary and Federal-aid secondary highway systems in urban areas. (2) F o r the Federal-aid primary system and the Federal-aid sec- ondary system, exclusive of their extensions in urban areas, out of the Highway Trust Fund, $125,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $125,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, such sums to be in addition to the sums authorized in paragraph (1) of this subsection. The sums authorized in this paragraph for each fiscal year shall be available for expenditure as follows: (A) 60 per centum for projects on the Federal-aid primary highway system; and (B) 40 per centum for projects on the Federal-aid secondary system. (3) For the Federal-aid urban system, out of the Highway Trust Fund, $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1973. (4) For traffic operation projects in urban areas as authorized in section 135 of title 23, United States Code, out of the Highwav Trust 82 stat. 82o. Fund, $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 19t2, and $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. (5) F o r forest highways, out of the Highway Trust Fund, $33,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $33,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1973. (6) F o r public lands highways, out of the Highway Trust Fund, $16,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $16,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. (7) F o r forest development roads and trails, $170,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $170,000,000 for the fiscal year ending J u n e 30,1973. (8) For public lands development roads and trails, $5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1972, and $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1973. 47-348 O - 72 - 25 (Pt. 2)
1716 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. (9) For park roads and trails, $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1973. (10) For parkways, $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. (11) For Indian reservation roads and bridges, $30,000,000 for the fiscal year eliding June 30,1972, and $30,000,000 for the fiscal year end- ing June 30,1973. 79 Stat. 1032; 82 Stat. 818. (12) For carrying out section 319(b) of title 23, United States Code (relating to landscaping and scenic enhancement), $1,500,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $10,000,000 for fiscal year ending June 30,1973. (13) For necessary administrative expenses in carrying out section 131, section 136 and section 319(b) of title 23, United States Code, $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1972, and $3,000,000 for the fiscal year end- ing June 30,1973. (14) Nothing in the first eleven paragraphs of this section shall be construed to authorize the appropriation of any sums to carry out sec- 80 Stat. 7 3 1 . tion 131,136, 319 ( b ) , or chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code. 23 u s e 4 0 1 . (b) (1) No State shall receive less than one-half of 1 per centum of the total apportionment for each of the fiscal years 1972 and 1973 under paragraph (5) of subsection (b) of section 104 of title 23, 72 Stat. 890; Ante. p . 1714. LTnited States Code. In addition.to all other authorizations for the Interstate System for the two fiscal years ending June 30, 1972, and June 30,1973, there is authorized to be appropriated out of the High- way Trust Fund not to exceed $55,000,000 for each such fiscal year for such System. Such authorization shall be apportioned to each of the States receiving apportionments under section 103 of this Act of less than one-half of 1 per centum for each such fiscal year, so as to ensure that each such State will receive for each such fiscal year an amount equal to one-half of 1 per centum of the total apportionment for each such fiscal year under section 103 of this Act, as required by the first sentence of this paragraph. Report to (2) By January 1, 1972, the Secretary shall report to Congress on Congress. his recommendation for the apportionment of funds and matching requirements for work on Federal-aid highways in States which have completed, or are nearing completion, of construction on Interstate System mileage located in their State, and for all States after com- pletion of the Interstate System. FEDERAL-AID U R B A N SYSTEM SEC. 106. (a) Subsection (a) of section 101 of title 23, United States 72 Stat. 885; Code, is amended as follows: Post, p p . 1724, 1732, 1737. (1) After the definition of the term "Secretary" add the following new paragraph: "Urbanized area." "The term 'urbanized area' means an area so designated by the Bureau of the Census." (2) After the definition of the term "Federal-aid secondary sys- "Federal-aid tem" add the following new paragraph: urban s y s t e m . " "The term 'Federal-aid urban system' means the Federal-aid high- Post, p . 1717. way system described in subsection (d) of section 103 of this title." (3) The definition of the term "Interstate System" is amended to "Interstate read as follows: System." "The term 'Interstate System' means the National System of Inter- Infra, state and Defense Highways described in subsection (e) of section 103 of this title." (b) (1) Subsections (d) and (e) of section 103 of title 23, United States Code, are relettered (e) and (f), respectively, including all ref-
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1717 erences thereto, and section 103 is further amended by adding imme- 76^stau\'i4T' diately after subsection (c) the following subsection (d) : " ( d ) The Federal-aid urban system shall be established in each urbanized area. The system shall be so located as to serve the major centers of activity, and designed taking into consideration the highest traffic volume corridors, and the longest trips within such area and shall be selected so as to best serve the goals and objectives of the com- munity as determined by the responsible local officials of such urban- ized area based upon the planning process required pursuant to the provisions of section 134 of this title. No route on the Federal-aid urban system shall also be a route on any other Federal-aid system. Each route of the system shall connect w^ith another route on a Federal- aid system. Routes on the Federal-aid urban system shall be selected by the appropriate local officials and the State highway departments in cooperation with each other subject to the approval of the Secretary as Ante, p , 1716, provided in subsection (f) of this section. The provisions of chapters 1, Infra, 3, and 5 of this title that are applicable to Federal-aid primary high- ways shall apply to the Federal-aid urban system except as determined by the Secretary to be inconsistent with this subsection." (2) Relettered subsection (f) of section 103 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after "the Federal-aid secondary sys- tem,'* the following: "the Federal-aid urban system,". (3) Subsection (a) of section 103 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: " ( a ) For the purposes of this title, the four Federal-aid systems, the primary system, the urban system, the secondary system, and the Interstate System, are established and continued pursuant to the pro- visions of this section." (c) (1) Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 7 2 stat. 889. adding at the end thereof the following: " ( f ) Not to exceed 50 per centum of the amounts apportioned in accordance with paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of this section may ^7 stat. 276. be expended for projects on the Federal-aid urban system." (2) Subsection (b) of section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is ^"'«' P- I^M amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(6) For the Federal-aid urban system: " I n the ratio which the population in urbanized areas, or parts thereof, in each State bears to the total population in such urban- ized areas, or parts thereof, in all the States as shown by the latest available Federal census." (d) Subsections (d) and (e) of section 105 of title 23, United States Code, are relettered (e) and (f), respectively, including all references ^o ^*®*- ^36. thereto, and section 105 is further amended by adding immediately after subsection (c) a new subsection (d) : " ( d ) In approving programs for projects on the Federal-aid urban system, the Secretary shall require that such projects be selected by the appropriate local officials and the State highway department in cooperation with each other." (e) Subsection (b) of section 106 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: " ( b ) In addition to the approval required under subsection (a) of this section, proposed specifications for projects for construction on (1) the Federal-aid secondary system, except in States where all public roads and highways are under the control and supervision of the State highway department, and (2) the Federal-aid urban system, shall be determined by the State highway department and the appropriate local road officials in cooperation with each other."
1718 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. 82 Stat. 835; Infra. (f) Subsection (a) of section 120 of title 23, United States CJode, is amended by striking out "and the Federal-aid secondary system" and inserting in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "the Federal-aid secondary system, and the Federal-aid urban system". 82 Stat. 820; Post, 1729. (g) Subsection (b) of section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inseitmg after "urban areas" the following: "and on the Federal-aid urban system". PROHIBITION OF I M P O U N D M E N T OF APPORTIONMENTS A N D DIVERSION OF FUNDS SEC. 107. Subsections (c) and (d) of section 101 of title 23, United 82 Stat. 822. States Code, are amended to read as follows: "(c) I t is the sense of Congress that under existing law no part of any sums authorized to be appropriated for expenditure upon any Federal-aid system which has been apportioned pursuant to the j)ro- visions of this title shall be impounded or withheld from obligation, for purposes and projects as provided in this title, by any officer or employee in the executive branch of the Federal Government, except such specific sums as may be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, are necessary to be withheld from obligation for specific periods of time to assure that sufficient amounts will be available in the High- way Trust F u n d to defray the expenditures which will be required to be made from such fund. " ( d ) No funds authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund shall be expended by or on behalf of any Federal depart- ment, agency, or instrumentality other than the Federal Highway Administration unless funds for such expenditure are identified and included as a line item in an appropriation Act and are to meet obli- gations of the United States heretofore or hereafter incurred under this title attributable to the construction of Federal-aid highways or highway planning, research, or development, or as otherwise specifi- cally authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund by Federal-aid highway legislation." INCREASED FEDERAL SHARE 72 Stat. 898; 78 Stat. 1090. SEC. 108. (a) Section 120 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking out "50 per centum" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof at each such place the following: "70 per centum". Effective d a t e . (b) The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section shall take effect with respect to authorizations for appropriations for fiscal years beginning after June 30,1973. EMERGENCY RELIEF 82 Stat. 829. SEC. 109. (a) The first sentence of subsection (a) of section 125 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "An emer- gency fund is authorized for expenditure by the Secretary, subject to Supra; Post, the provisions of this section and section 120 of this title, for (1) the pp. 1719, 1731. repair or reconstruction of highways, roads, and trails which he shall find have suffered serious damage as the result of (A) natural disaster over a wide area such as by floods, hurricanes, tidal waves, earthquakes, severe storms, or landslides, or (B) catastrophic failures from any cause, in any part of the United States, and (2) the repair or recon- struction of bridges which have been permanently closed to all vehicular traffic by the State after December 31, 1967, and prior to December 31, 1970, because of imminent danger of collapse due to structural deficiencies or physical deterioration."
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1719 (b) Section 120(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by ^s stat. 1090. adding before the last sentence thereof the following new sentence: "As used in this section with respect to bridges and in section 144 of this ^°^*' ^' ^^'*^' title, 'a comparable facility' shall mean a facility which meets the current geometric and construction standards required for the types and volume of traffic which such facility will carry over its design life." TRAINING PROGRAMS SEC. 110. Section 140 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by ^2 stat. 826. inserting " ( a ) " immediately before "Prior" and by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(b) The Secretary, in cooperation w^ith any other department or agency of the Government, State agency, authority, association, insti- tution, corporation (profit or nonprofit), or any other organization or person, is authorized to develop, conduct, and administer highway con- struction training, including skill improvement programs. Whenever an apportionment is made under subsections 104 ( b ) ( 1 ) , ( b ) ( 2 ) , (b) (3), (b) (5), and (b) (6) of this title of the sums authorized to be 82ltS!'8i6f' appropriated for expenditure upon the Federal-aid primary and sec- Ante, pp. 1714, ondary systems, and their extensions within urban areas, the Inter- ^'^^'^• state System, and the Federal-aid urban system for the fiscal years 1972 and 1973 the Secretary shall deduct such sums as he may deem necessary not to exceed $5,000,000 per fiscal year, for administering the provisions of this subsection to be financed from the appropriation for the Federal-aid systems. Such sums so deducted shall remain avail- able until expended. The provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Stat- utes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5), shall not be applicable to contracts and agreements made under the authority herein granted to the Secretary." URBAN HIGHWAY PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SEC. 111. (a) Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 82 stat. 836. by adding at the end thereof a new section as follows: "§ 142. Urban highway public transportation " (a) To encourage the development, improvement, and use of public mass transportation systems operating motor vehicles on highways, other than on rails, for the transportation of passengers (hereinafter in this section referred to as 'buses') within urbanized areas so as to increase the traffic capacity of the Federal-aid systems, sums appor- tioned in accordance with paragraphs (3), (5), and (6) of subsection (b) of section 104 of this title shall be available to finance the Federal share of the costs of projects for the construction of exclusive or preferential bus lanes, highway traffic control devices, bus passenger loading areas and facilities, including shelters, and fringe and trans- portation corridor parking facilities to serve bus and other public mass transportation passengers. " ( b ) The establishment of routes and schedules of such public mass transportation systems shall be based upon a continuing comprehensive transportation planning process carried on in accordance with section 134 of title 23, United States Code. ^^^'' "• ^^^r. "(c) For all purposes of this title, a project authorized by subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed to be a highway project, and, except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the Federal share payable on account of such project shall be that provided in section 120 of this title. ^ " ' ^ ' p- 1718,.
1720 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [34 STAT. " ( d ) Xo project authorized by this section, other than a project for fringe or transportation corridor parking facilities, shall be approved vmless— "(1) such project (A) will avoid the construction of a highway project under this title which increases automobile traffic capacity, (B) will provide a capacity for the movement of persons at least equal to tnat which would be provided by the avoided highway project, and (C) will not exceed in the amount of the Federal share, the Federal share of the cost of the avoided highway project; or "(2) no other feasible or prudent highway project can provide the additional capacity for the movement of persons by motor vehicles on highways (other than on rails) provided by this project. "(e) Xo project authorized by this section shall be approved unless the Secretary of Transportation has received assurances satisfactory to him from the State that public mass transportation systems will have adequate capability to fully utilize the proposed project." (b) The analysis of chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "142. Urban highway public trausiwrtation." TERRITORIAL H I G H W A Y PROGRAM 72 Stat f06; SEC. 112. (a) Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 76 Stat. 1147. by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "§ 215. Territorial highway program " (a) Recognizing the mutual benefits that will accrue to the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa, and to the United States from the improvement of highways in such territories of the United States, the Secretary is authorized to assist each such territorial government in n program for the construction and improvement of a system of arterial highways, and necessary interisland connectors designated by the Governor of such territory and approved by the Secretary. Federal financial assistance shall be granted under this subsection to such ter- ritories upon the basis of a Federal contribution of 70 per centum of the cost of any project. "(b) I n order to establish a long-range highway development pro- gram, the Secretary is authorized to provide technical assistance for the establishment of an appropriate agency to administer on a con- tinuing basis highway planning, design, construction and mainte- nance operations, the development of a system of arterial and collector highways, including necessary interisland connectors, and the estab- lishment of advance acquisition of right-of-way and relocation assist- ance programs. "(c) Xo part of the appropriations authorized under this section shall be available for obligation or expenditure with respect to any territory until the Governor enters into an agreement with the Secre- tary providing that the government of such territory (1) will design and construct a system of arterial and collector highways, including necessary interisland connectors, built in accordance with standards approved by the Secretary; (2) will not impose any toll, or permit any such toll to be charged, for use by vehicles or persons of any portion of the facilities constructed or operated under the provisions of this section; (3) will provide for the maintenance of such facilities in a condition to adequately serve the needs of present and future traffic; (4) will implement standards for traffic operations and uniform traffic control devices which are approved by the Secretary.
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1721 " ( d ) ( 1 ) Three per centum of the sums authorized to be appro- priated for each fiscal year for carrying out subsection (a) of this section shall be available for expenditure only for engineering and economic surveys and investigations, for the planning of future high- way programs and the financing thereof, for studies of the economy, safety, and convenience of highway usage and the desirable regulation and equitable taxation thereof, and for research and development, necessary in connection with the planning, design, and maintenance of the highway system, and the regulation and taxation of their use. "(2) I n addition to the percentage provided in paragraph (1) of the subsection, not to exceed 2 per centum of sums authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year for carrying out subsection (a) of this section may be expended upon request of the Governor and with the approval of the Secretary for the purposes enumerated in paragraph (1) of this subsection. "(e) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated for carrying out this section shall be obligated or expended for maintenance of the highway system, "(f) The provisions of chapters 1 and 5 of this title that are appli- ^^ ^'|^- ^^^5. cable to Federal-aid primary highway funds, other than provisions §2 stat. 83o. relating to the apportionment formula and provisions limiting the 23 use soi. expenditure of such funds to the Federal-aid systems, shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, except as determined by the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section." (b) The analysis of chapter 2 of title 23, LTnited States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "215. Territories highway development program." (c) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for carrying Appropriation. out subsection (a) of section 215 of title 23, United States Code, out of ^"^^' P- 1^20, any sums in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated— (1) not to exceed $2,000,000 per fiscal year for the Virgin Islands, for the fiscal years ending June 30,1971, June 30,1972, and June 30,1973. (2) not to exceed $2,000,000 per fiscal year for Guam for the fiscal years ending June 30,1971, June 30,1972, and June 30,1973. (3) not to exceed $500,000 per fiscal year for American Samoa for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1971, June 30, 1972, and June 30,1973. (d) Sums authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, shall be available for obligation immediately upon enactment of this section in the same manner and to the same extent as if such sums were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. Sums authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30,1972, and the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, shall be available for obligation at the beginning of the fiscal year for which authorized in the same manner and to the same extent as if such sums were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. DARIEN GAP H I G H W A Y SEC. 113. (a) Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: **§ 216. Darien Gap Highway " ( a ) The United States shall cooperate with the Government of the Republic of Panama and with the Government of Colombia in the construction of approximately two hundred and fifty miles of highway in such countries in the location known as the 'Darien Gap' to connect the Inter-American Highway authorized by section 212 of this title ^^ ^'^*- ^°^- with the P a n American Highway System of South America. Such
1722 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. highway shall be known as the 'Darien Gap Highway'. Funds author- ized by this section shall be obligated and expended subject to the same terms, conditions, and requirements with respect to the Darien Gap Highway as are funds authorized for the Inter-American High- 72 Stat. 909. way by subsection (a) of section 212 of this title. Department of " ( b ) The construction authorized by this section shall be under State, n e g o t i a - tions. the administration of the Secretary, who shall consult with the appro- priate officials of the Department of State with respect to matters involving the foreign relations of this Government, and such negotia- tions with the Governments of the Republic of Panama and Colombia as may be required to carry out the purposes of this section shall be conducted through, or authorized by, the Department of State. "(c) The provisions of this section shall not create nor authorize the creation of any obligations on the part of the Government of the United States with respect to any expenditures for highway survey or construction heretofore or hereafter undertaken in Panama or Colom- bia, other than the expenditures authorized by the provision of this section. " ( d ) Appropriations made pursuant to any authorization for the Darien Gap Highway shall be available for expenditure by the Secre- tary for necessary administrative and engineering expenses in connec- tion with the Darien Gap Highway program. "Construction. "(e) For the purposes of this section the term 'construction' does not include any costs of rights-of-way, relocation assistance, or the elimination of hazards of railway grade crossings." (b) The analysis of chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is liereby amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "216. Darien Gap Highway." Appropriation. (c) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $100,000,000, to remain available until expended to enable the Secre- tary of Transportati(m to carry out section 216 of title 23, United Ante, p . 1721. States Code. ADMINISTRATION Deputy F e d e r a l SEC. 114. (a) Subsection (a) of section 303 of title 23, United States Highway Admin- istrator. Code, is amended to read as follows: 75 Stat. 822; " ( a ) (1) I n addition to the Administrator of the Federal Highway 78 Stat. 424. Administration authorized by section 3(e) of the Department of 80 Stat. 9 3 1 . Transportation Act, there shall be a Deputy Federal Highway Admin- 49 u s e 1652. istrator appointed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the approval of the President. The Deputy Federal Highway Administra- tor shall perform such duties as the Federal Highway Administrator shall prescribe. There shall also be an Assistant Federal Highway Administrator who shall be the chief engineer of the Administration and shall be appointed, with the approval of the President, by the Secretary of Transportation under the classified civil service and who shall perform such functions, powers, and duties as the Federal High- way Administrator shall prescribe. "(2) The Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration shall be compensated at the annual rate of basic pay of level I I of 80 Stat. 460; 83 Stat. 864. the Executive Schedule in section 5313 of title 5, United States Code. The Deputy Federal Highway Administrator shall be compensated at the annual rate of basic pay of level I V of the Executive Schedule in section 5315 of title 5, United States Code. The Assistant Federal Highway Administrator shall be compensated at the annual rate of basic pay of level V of the Executive Schedule in section 5316 of title 5, United States Code."
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1723 (b) All provisions of law enacted before the date of enactment of Repeal, this Act which are inconsistent with the amendment made by sub- section (a) of this section are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency. (c) The President may authorize any person who immediately before the date of enactment of this Act held the office of Director of Public Roads to act as Deputy Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration created by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section until the first Deputy Administrator is appointed in accordance with such amendment. The President may authorize any person acting as Deputy Administrator in accordance with this subsection to receive compensation at the rate authorized for the Office of Deputy Administrator. Such compensation, if authorized, shall be in lieu of, and not in addition to, any other compensation from the L'nited States to which such person may be entitled. TRAINING AND RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS SEC. 115. (a) Chapter 3 of title 23 of the United States Code is ^2 stat. 912. amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "§ 321. National Highway Institute " ( a ) The Secretary is authorized and directed to establish and oper- ate in the Federal Highway Administration a National Highway Institute hereafter referred to as the 'Institute'. The Institute shall develop and administer, in cooperation with the State highway departments, training programs of instruction for Federal Highway Administration and State and local highway department employees engaged or to be engaged in Federal-aid highway work. Such programs may include, but not be limited to, courses in modern developments, techniques, and procedures, relating to highway planning, environ- mental factors, acquisition of rights-of-way, engineering, construction, maintenance, contract administration, and inspection. The Secretary shall administer all authority vested in him by this title or by any other provision of law for the development and conduct of educational and training programs relating to highways through the Institute. Sums authorized to be deducted for administrative purposes by subsection (a) of section 104 of this title shall be available for carrying out this ^^ ^'^*- ^^^• subsection. " (b) Not to exceed one-half of 1 per centum of all funds apportioned for any fiscal year beginning after June 30, 1970, to any State under paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (6) of section 104(b) of this title j^m'^'\^lj'' shall be available for expenditure by the State highway department, subject to approval by the Secretary, for payment of not to exceed 70 per centum of the cost of tuition and direct educational expenses (but not travel, subsistence, or salaries) in connection with the educa- tion and training of State and local highway department employees as provided in this section. "(c) Education and training of Federal, State, and local highway employees authorized by this section may be provided by the Secretary, or, in the case where such education and training is to be paid for under subsection (b) of this section, by the State, subject to the approval of the Secretary, through grants and contracts with public and private agencies, institutions, and individuals." (b) The analysis of chapter 3 of title 23 of the United States Code is amended by adding at the end thereof : "321. National Highway Institute." (c) Section 307(a) of title 23 of the United States Code is amended by inserting immediately after the period at the end of the third sen- tence thereof the following new sentence: "The Secretary is also
1724 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. authorized, acting independently or in cooperation with other Federal departments, agencies, or instrumentalities, to make grants for research fellowships for any purpose for which research is otherwise author- ized by this section." BRIDGES ON FEDERAL DAMS 73 Stat. 613. SEC. 116. (a) Section 320(d) of title 23 of the United States Cod© is amended by striking out "$13,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$16,761,000". Restriction. Qy^ ^ j j sums appropriated under authority of the increased author- ization of $3,761,000 established by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section shall be available for expenditure only in connec- tion with the construction of a bridge across Markland Dam on the Ohio River near Markland, Indiana, and Warsaw, Kentucky. No such sums shall be appropriated until all applicable requirements of 72 Stat. 917. sectlou 320 of title 23 of the United States Code have been complied with by the appropriate Federal agency, the Secretary of Transpor- tation, and the States of Kentucky and Indiana. CONSTRUCTION OF R E P L A C E M E N T HOUSING ^82 Stat. 834. ^ SEC. 117. (a) Sectlous 510 and 511 of title 23, United States Code igol'.^^'^^^^' including all references thereto are hereby renumbered as sections 511 and 512 respectively. (b) Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting immediatiely after section 509 the following new section: "§ 510. Construction of replacement housing "(a) The Secretary may approve as a part of the cost of construc- tion of any project on any Federal-aid system the cost of (A) constructing new housing, (B) acquiring existing housing, (C) reha- bilitating existing housing, and (D) r^ocating existing housing, as replacement housing for individuals and families where a proposed project on the Federal-aid system cannot proceed to actual construc- tion because replacement housing is not available and cannot otherwise be made available as required by section 502 of this title. F o r the "Housing." purposes of this subsection the term 'housing' includes all appurte- nances thereto. " ( b ) State highway departments shall, wherever practicable, utilize the services of State or local governmental housing agencies in carry- ing out this section." (c) The analysis of chapter 5 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding after "509. Relocation assistance programs on Federal highway projects." the following: "510. Construction of replacement housing." "Construction." (d) The definition of the term "construction" in section 101(a) of Ante, p . 1716, title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "The term 'construction' means the supervising, inspecting, actual building, and all expenses incidental to the construction or reconstruc- tion of a highway, including locating, surveying, and mapping (includ- ing the establishment of temporary and permanent geodetic markers in accordance with specifications of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in the Department of Commerce), acquisition of rights-of-way, relocation assistance, elimination of hazards of railway grade crossings, acquisi- tion of replacement housing sites, and acquisition, and rehabilitation, relocation, and construction of replacement housing."
84 STAT.] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1725 BRIDGE ALTERATION PROGRESS PAYMENTS SEC. 118. Section 7 of the Act of June 21, 1940 (54 Stat. 497), as 72 Stat. 596. amended (33 U.S.C. 517) is amended as follows: (1) I n the first sentence strike all after "Following" to and includ- ing "Chief of Engineers" and insert in lieu thereof "service of the order requiring alteration of the bridge, the Secretary of Trans- portation". (2) In the second sentence insert "of Transportation" between "Sec- retary" and "may". (3) I n the third sentence strike out the last word and insert in lieu thereof "Transportation". ALASKA HIGHWAY SEC. 119. (a) The President, acting through the Secretaries of State and Transportation, is authorized to undertake negotiations with the Government of Canada for the purpose of entering into a suitable agreement authorizing paving and reconstructing the Alaska Highway from Daw^son Creek, Canada (including a connecting highway to Haines, Alaska), to the Alaska border, including, but not limited to, necessary highway realinement. Report to (b) The President shall report to Congress not later than one year :;ongress. after the date of enactment of this section the results of his negotia- tions under this section. E F F E C T I V E DATE OF RELOCATION PROVISIONS SEC. 120. Section 37 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1968 is 82 Stat. 836. 23 u s e 502 amended to read as follows: note. " E F F E C T I V E DATE "SEC. 37. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect on the date of its enactment, except that until July 1, 1970, sections 502, 505, 506, 507, and 508 of title 23, United States Code, as added by this Act, shall be applicable to a State only to the extent that such State is able under its laws to comply with such sections. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, after July 1, 1970, such sec- tions shall be completely applicable to all States. Section 133 of title R e p e a l ; effec- tive d a t e . 23, United States Code, shall not apply to any State if sections 502, 76 Stat. 1146. 505, 506, 507, and 508 of title 23, United States Code, are applicable 82 Stat. 830; Post, p p . 1735,. in that State, and effective July 1, 1970, such section 133 is repealed, 1903. except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section. Extension. "(b) I n the case of any State (1) which is required to amend its constitution to comply with sections 502, 505, 506, 507, and 508 of title 23, United States Code, and (2) which cannot submit the required constitutional amendment for ratification prior to July 1, 1970, the date of July 1, 1970, contained in subsection (a) of this section shall be extended to July 1, 1972." F U T U R E FEDERAL-AID H I G H W A Y PROGRAM SEC. 121. (a) The Secretary of Transportation shall develop and Recommenda- tions to C o n g r e s s . include in the report of Congress required to be submitted in Janu- ary 1972, by section 3 of the Act of August 28, 1965 (79 Stat. 578; Public Law 89-139), specific recommendations for the functional 23 u s e 101 note. realinement of the Federal-aid systems. These recommendations shall be based on the functional classification study made in cooperation
1726 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. with the State highway departments and local governments as 82 Stat. 8 2 3 . required by the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1968 and submitted to 23 u s e 101 the Congress in 1970, and the functional classification study now underway of the Federal-aid systems in 1990. (b) As a part of the future highway needs report to be submitted to Congress in January 1972, the Secretary shall also make recom- mendations to the Congress for a continuing Federal-aid highway program for the period 1976 to 1990. The needs estimates to be used in developing such programs shall be in conformance with the func- tional classification studies referred to in subsection (a) of tliis section and the recommendations for the functional realinement required by such subsection. (c) The recommendations required by subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall be determined on the basis of studies now being con- ducted by the Secretary in cooperation with the State highway departments and local governments, and, in urban areas of more than fifty thousand population, utilizing the cooperative continuing com- prehensive transportation planning process conducted in accordance Post, p . 1737. with section 134 of title 23, United States Code. The highway needs estimates prepared by the States in connection with this report to Congress shall be submitted to Congress by the Secretary, together with his recommendations. Report to (d) As a part of the future highway needs report to be submitted Congress. to Congress m January 1972, the- Secretary shall report to Congress the Federal-aid urban system as designated, and the cost of its con- struction. H I G H W A Y BEAUTIFICATIOX AUTHORIZATIOXS 82 Stat. 817. SEC. 122. (a) Section 131 (m) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: " (m) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the pro- visions of this section, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1967, not to exceed $2,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970, not to exceed $27,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1971, not to exceed $20,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1972, and not to exceed $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June ,30, 1973. The provisions of this chapter relating to the obligation, period of availability and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30, 1967." 82 Stat. 818. (b) Section 136 (m) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: " ( m ) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this sec- tion, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1967, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and not to exceed $5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973. The provisions of this chapter relating to the obligation, period of availability, and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section after June 30,1967."
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1727 HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION COMMISSION SEC. 123. (a) There is hereby established a commission to be known as the Commission on Highway Beautification, hereinafter referred to as the "Commission". (b) The Commission shall be comprised of eleven members as Membership. follows: (1) two majority and two minority members of the Senate Committee on Public Works to be appointed by the President of the Senate; (2) two ma3 ority and two minority members of the House Com- mittee on Public Works to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; (3) three persons to be appointed by the President of the LTnited States from among persons Avho are not officers or employees of the United States. (c) The Chairman shall be elected from among the members of the Chairman. (Commission by a majority vote of such members. Any vacancy which may occur on the Commission shall not affect its powers or fimctions but shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appoint- ment was made. (d) The organization meeting of the Commission shall be held at such time and place as may be specified in a call issued jointly by the senior member appointed by the President of the Senate and the senior member appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives. (e) Six membei-s of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but Quorum. a smaller number, as determined by the Commission, may conduct hearings. Members, com- (f) Members of Congress who are members.of the Commission shall pensation. serve without compensation in addition to that received for their services as Members of Congress; but they shall be reimbursed for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in the performance of the duties vested in the Commission. (g) Members of the Commission who ai-e not Members of Congress or officers or employees in the executive branch shall each receive $100 per diem when engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in the Commission, plus reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in the performance of such duties. (h) The Commission shall (1) study existing statutes and regula- tions governing the control of outdoor advertising and junkyards in areas adjacent to the Federal-aid highway system; (2) review the policies and practices of the Federal and State agencies charged with administrative jurisdiction over such highways insofar as such policies and practices relate to governing the control of outdoor advertising and junkyards; (3) compile data necessary to understand and deter- mine the requirements for such control which may now exist or are likely to exist within the foreseeable future; (4) study problems relating to the control of on-premisie outdoor advertising signs, promo- tional signs, directional signs, and signs providing information that is essential to the motoring public; (5) study methods of financing and possible sources of Federal funds, including use of the Highway Trust Fund, to carry out a highway beautification program; and (6) recommend such modifications or additions to existing laws, regula- tions, policies, practices, and demonstration programs as will, in the judgment of the Commission, achieve a workable and effective highway beautification program and best serve the public interest. (i) The Commission shall, not later than one year after the funding Report, termi- nation. of this section submit to the President and the Congress its final
1728 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. report. I t shall cease to exist six months after submission of said report. Records, de- All records and papers of the Commission shall thereupon be delivered posit in A r c h i v e s . to the Administrator of General Services for deposit in the Archives of the United States. (j) The Chairman of the Commission shall reo[uest the head of each Federal department or independent agency which has an interest in or responsibility with respect to the control of outdoor advertising and of junkyards to appoint, and the head of such department or agency shall appoint, a liaison officer who shall work closely with the Commission and its staff in matters pertaining to this section. (k) In carrying out its duties the Commission shall seek the advice of various groups interested in the problems relating to the control of outdoor advertising and junkyards including, but not limited to, State and local governments, public and private organizations work- ing in the fields of environmental protection and conservation, com- munications media, commercial advertising interests, industry, education, and labor. Hearings, (1) The Commission or, on authorization of the Commission, any committee of two or more members may, for the purpose of carrying out the i^rovisions of this section, hold such hearings and sit and act at such times and places as the Commission or such authorized com- Subpenas. mittee may deem advisable. Subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses or the production of written or other matter may be issued only on the authority of the Commission an^ shall be served by anyone designated by the Chairman of the Commission. (m) The Commission is authorized to secure from any department, agency, or individual instrumentality of the executive branch of the Government any information it deems necessary to carry out its func- tions under this section and each such department, agency, and instru- mentality is authorized and directed to furnish such information to the Commission upon request made by the Chairman. Appropriation. (n) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums, but not more than $200,000, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and such moneys as may be appropriated shall be available to the Commission until expended. Staff director, (o) The Commission is authorized to appoint and fix the compensa- personnel, con- s u l t a n t s , compen- tion of a staff director, and such additional personnel as may be nec- sation. essary to enable it to carry out its functions. The Director and personnel may be appointed without regard to provisions of title 5, United States Code, covering appointments in the competitive service, and may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter I I I of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and 80 Stat. 443, General Schedule pay rates. Any Federal employees subject to the 467. 5 u s e 5101, civil service laws and regulations who may be employed by the Com- 5331, mission shall retain civil service status without interruption or loss of Ante, p . 198-1. status or privilege. In no event shall the staff director or any other employee receive as compensation an amount in excess of the maxi- mum rate for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code. In addition, the Commission is authorized to obtain the services of experts and consultants in accordance with 80 Stat. 416. section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, but at rates not to exceed $100 per diem for individuals. S t u d i e s , con- (p) The Commission is authorized to enter into contracts or agree- t r a c t power; fund transfer. ments for studies and surveys with public and private organizations and, if necessary, to transfer funds to Federal agencies from sums appropriated pursuant to this section to carry out such of its duties as the Commission determines can best be carried out in that manner.
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1729 E L I M I N A T I O N OF S E G M E N T S OF I N T E R S T A T E SYSTEM N O T TO BE CONSTRUCTED SEC. 124. Section 103 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by ^"'^' P- ^''^^^ adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: " ( g ) The Secretary, on July 1, 1973, shall remove from designation as a part of the Interstate System every segment of such System for which a State has not established a schedule for the expenditure of funds for completion of construction of such segment within the period of availability of funds authorized to be appropriated for completion of the Interstate System, and with respect to which the State has not provided the Secretary with assurances satisfactory to him that such schedule will be met. Nothing in the preceding sentence shall be con- strued to prohibit the substitution prior to July 1,1973, of alternative segments of the Interstate System which will meet the requirements of this title. Any segment of the Interstate System with respect to wfhich a State has not submitted plans, specifications, and estimates for approval by the Secretary by July 1,1975, shall be removed from desig- nation as a part of the Interstate System. No segment of the Interstate System removed under authority of the preceding sentence shall there- after be designated as a part of the Interstate System." U R B A N AREA T R A F F I C OPERATIONS I M P R O V E M E N T PROGRAMS SEC. 125. Subsection (b) of section 135 of title 23, United States Ante. p. iris. Code, is amended by striking o u t " , if such project" and all that follows down through and including the period at the end of such subsection and inserting in lieu thereof a period and the following: "If such proj- ect is located in an urban area of more than fifty thousand population, such project shall be based on a continuing comprehensive transporta- tion planning process carried on in accordance with section 134 of this title." pos^ p. 1737. A U T H O R I T Y FOR DEMONSTRATION P R O J E C T S SEC. 126. Subsection (c) (3) of section 307 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and ^^ ^*^*- ^^'^s. inserting in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "including dem- onstration projects in connection wath such purposes." ECONOMIC GROWTH C E N T E R D E V E L O P M E N T H I G H W A Y S SEC. 127. (a) Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is fur- ther amended by adding after section 142 thereof a new section as ^"^^'P- I719. follows: "§ 143. Economic growth center development highways " ( a ) In order to demonstrate the role that highways can play to ^o e'^°r^"^^*'°" promote the desirable development of the Nation's natural resources, to revitalize and diversify the economy of rural areas and smaller communities, to enhance and disperse industrial growth, to encourage more balanced population patterns, to check, and, where possible, to reverse current migratory trends from rural areas and smaller communities, and to improve living conditions and the quality of the environment, the Secretary is authorized to make grants to States for demonstration projects for the construction, reconstruction, and improvement of development highways on the Federal-aid primary system to serve and promote the development of economic growth centers and surrounding areas, encourage the location of business and industry in rural areas, facilitate the mobility of labor in sparsely populated areas, and provide rural citizens with improved highways
1730 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. to such public and private services as health care, recreation, employ- ment, education, and cultural activities, or otherwise encourage the social and economic development of rural communities, and for plan- ning, surveys, and investigations in connection therewith. "(Jb) Each Governor may transmit to the Secretary his recommen- dations for (1) the selection of economic growth centers within the State, (2) priorities for the construction of development highways on the Federal-aid primary system to serve such centers, and (3) such other information as may be required by the Secretary, for his con- sideration in approving the selection of economic growth centers for demonstration proj ects. "(c) L'pon the application of the State highway department of any State in which an economic growth center approved by the Secre- tary as eligible for a demonstration project is located, the Secretary is authorized to pay up to 100 per centum of the cost of engineering and economic surveys or other investigations necessary for the plan- ning and design of development highways on the Federal-aid primary system needed to provide appropriate access to such growth center, including publicly owned airport facilities and public ports for water transportation which may be established to serve it, in order to carry out the purposes of this section. Applicability. " ( d ) Except as otherwise provided in this section, all of the pro- visions of this title applicable to Federal-aid primary highways except those w^hich the Secretary determines are inconsistent with this section shall apply to development highways and to funds author- ized to carry out this section. For the purposes of sections 105, 106, Ante, p . 1717; Post, p p . 1732, and 118 of this title, funds authorized to carry out this section shall 1737. be deemed to be apportioned on January 1 next preceding the com- Prohibition. mencement of the hscal year for which authorized. No State shall receive in any fiscal year more than 15 per centum of the funds authorized to carry out this section for such fiscal year. Limitation. "(e) The Federal share of the cost of any project for construction, reconstruction, or improvement of a development highway under this section shall be increased by not to exceed an additional 20 per centum of the cost of such project, except that in no case shall the Federal share exceed 95 per centum of the cost of such project. Approval, cri- "(f) (1) Except in the case of a project subject to paragraph (2) teria. of this subsection, no project shall be approved by the Secretary under this section until he has determined that such project will promote the aims and purposes set forth in subsection (a) of this section and that the economic growth center to be benefited will meet such criteria as he, after consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, deems necessary, including, but not limited to, the following: (1) growth centers shall be geographically and economically capable of contributing signifi- cantly to the development of the area, and (2) growth centers shall have a population not in excess of one hundred thousand according to the latest available Federal census. I n approving projects the Secre- tary shall give preference to those areas offering the most potential for future economic growth. Appalachian "(2) I n the case of a project j)roposed to be conducted within the region; economic development Appalachian region as defined in section 403 of the Appalachian region. Regional Development Act of 1965, no project shall be approved by 79 Stat. 2 1 ; 81 Stat. 266. the Secretary under this section until he shall have consulted with 40 u s e a p p . the Federal Cochairman of the Appalachian Regional Commission. 403. In the case of a project proposed to be conducted within an economic development region as defined in title V of the Public Works and 79 Stat. 564; Economic Development Act of 1965, no project shall be approved by 83 Stat. 218. 42 u s e 3181. the Secretary under this section until he shall have consulted with the Federal Cochairman for such region and the Secretary of Com-
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1731 merce. I n consultation with the appropriate official, the Secretary Selection for a s s i s t a n c e , cri- shall establish criteria for the selection of growth centers eligible for teria. assistance under this section such that the aims and purposes set forth in subsection (a) of this section will be promoted. Such criteria shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) growth centers shall be geographically and economically capable of contributing signi- ficantly to the development of the area, (2) growth centers shall have a population not in excess of one hundred thousand persons according to the latest available Federal census, and (3) the selection of such grow^th centers within the Appalachian region and the economic development regions shall take into account the purposes of the Appa- lachian Regional Development Act of 1965 and the Public Works and 79 Stat. 5. 40 u s e app. 1. Economic Development Act of 1965. In approving projects the Secre- 79 Stat. 552. tary shall give preference to those areas offering the most potential for 42 u s e 3121 note. future economic growth and he shall make arrangements for close coordination throughout the development and implementation of the project with the Federal Cochairman of the Appalachian Regional Commission, or with the appropriate Federal Cochairman of an eco- nomic development region, and the Secretary of Commerce, as the case may be. " ( g ) There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Appropriation. Trust Fund not to exceed $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and not to exceed $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973." (b) The analysis of chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "143. Economic growth center development highways." FEDERAL SHARE OF E N G I N E E R I N G COSTS SEC. 128. Section 120 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 72 Stat. 899; 73 Stat. 145. by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: " ( h ) At the request of any State, the Secretary may from time to time enter into agreements with such State to reimburse the State for the Federal share of the costs of preliminary and construction engineer- ing at an agreed percentage of actual construction costs for each project, in lieu of the actual engineering costs for such project. The AnnuaJ review. Secretary shall annually review each such agreement to insure that such percentage reasonably represents the engineering costs actually incurred by such State." DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEC. 129. (a) I n the case of the following routes on the Interstate Report to Congress. System in the District of Columbia authorized for construction by section 23 of the Federal-aid Highway Act of 1968, the government 82 Stat. 827. D.C. Code 7- of the District of Columbia and the Secretary of Transportation shall and n o t e . restudy such projects and report to Congress not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this subsection their recommendations with respect to such projects, including any alternative routes or plans: (1) East Leg of the Inner Loop, beginning at Bladensburg Road, 1-295 (section C4.1 to C6), (2) North Central and Northeast Freeways, 1-95 (section C7 to C13) and I-70S (section CI to C2). (b) The government of the District of Columbia and the Secretary of Transportation shall study the project for the North Leg of the Inner Loop from point A3.3 on 1-66 to point C7 on 1-95, as desig- nated in the "1968 Estimate of the Cost of Completion of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways in the District of 47-348 O - 72 - 26 (Pt. 2)
1732 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. Columbia'', and shall report to Congress not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this subsection their recommendations with respect to such project including any recommended alternative routes or plans. INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS AND BRIDGES SEC. 180. The definition of the term "Indian reservation roads and Ante, p . 1716. bridges" in section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: •'The term 'Indian reservation roads and bridges' means roads and bridges that are located within or provide access to an Indian reserva- tion or Indian trust land or restricted Indian land which is not subject to fee title alienation without the approval of the Federal Govern- ment on which Indians reside whom the Secretary of the Interior has determined to be eligible for services generally available to Indians under Federal laws specifically applicable to Indians." RICHMOND-PETERSBURG TURNPIKE SEC. 131. The Secretary of Transportation is authorized to amend any agreement heretofore entered into under the provisions of section 72 Stat. 902. 129(d) of title 23, United States Code, in order to permit the con- tinuation of tolls on the existing Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike to finance the construction within the existing termini of such turnpike of two lanes thereon in addition to the lanes in existence on the date of enactment of this section necessary to meet traffic and highway safety requirements. Any amended agreement entered into for such purposes shall provide assurances that the existing turnpike (includ- ing the additional lanes) shall become free to the public upon the collection of tolls sufficient to liquidate all construction costs, and the costs of maintenance, operation, and debt service during the period of toll collections to liquidate such construction costs, but in no event shall tolls be collected after date of maturity of those bonds outstand- ing on the date of enactment of this section issued for construction of such turnpike having the latest maturity date. AIRPORT AND WATERPORT ACCESS Ante, p . 1717. SEC. 132. Section 105 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: " ( g ) I n preparing programs to submit in accordance with sub- section (a) of this section, the State highway departments shall give consideration to projects providing direct and convenient public access to public airports and public ports for water transportation, and in approving such programs the Secretary shall give considera- tion to such projects." FEDERAL P A R T I C I P A T I O N I N T H E I M P R O V E M E N T OF TOLL, ROADS Post ^*^*'i736^' ^ ^ - ^^^' Section 129 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by °^'^' • redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f), including any refer- ence thereto, and by inserting immediately before such redesignated subsection (f) the following: "(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this 82 Stat. 829. sectiou, the Secretary may permit Federal participation in the recon- struction and improvement of any toll road providing for only two lanes of traffic, which is d e s i ^ a t e d part of the Interstate System on the date of enactment of this subsection as he may find necessary to bring such two lane toll road to the geometric and construction standards for the Interstate System in order to provide for the safe
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-^05-DEC. 31, 1970 1733 use of such highway as part of the Interstate System and to facilitate the removal of tolls therefrom. Federal participation in such recon- struction and improvement shall be on the same basis and in the same manner as in the construction of free Interstate System highways under this chapter. No Federal participation shall be permitted Exception. pursuant to this subsection except on two lane toll roads which were designated as a part of the Interstate System on or before June 30, 1968. Before Federal participation under this subsection, the State highway department and the toll road authority involved shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary w^hich shall provide that— "(1) no indebtedness which is to be liquidated by the collection of tolls (in addition to indebtedness in existence on date of enactment in this subsection) shall be incurred after the date of enactment of this subsection; "(2) all tolls received from the operation of the toll road, less the actual cost of such operation and maintenance, shall be applied to the repayment of only those bonds outstanding on the date of enactment of this subsection constituting a valid lien against such toll road and its maintenance and operation and debt service during the period of toll collection; " (3) the toll road shall become free to the public upon collection of tolls sufficient to liquidate all such bonds." F R I N G E A N D CXDRRIDOR P A R K I N G FACILITIES SBO. 134. (a) Section 137 of title 23, United States Code, is amended «° ^'^'- ^^s- to read as follows: "§ 137. Fringe and corridor parking facilities "(a) The Secretary may approve as a project on the Federal-aid urban system the acquisition of land adjacent to the right-of-way outside a central business district, as defined by the Secretary, and the construction of publicly owned parking facilities thereon or with- in such right-of-way, including the use of the air space above and below the established grade line of the highway pavement, to serve an urban area of fifty thousand population or more. Such parking facility shall be located and designed in conjunction with existing or planned public transportation facilities. In the event fees are charged for the use of any such facility, the rate thereof shall not be in excess of that required for maintenance and operation (including compen- sation to any person for operating such facility). "(b) The Secretary shall not approve any project under this sec- diuons"^^^'''°" tion until— "(1) he has determined that the State, or the political sub- division thereof, where such project is to be located, or any agency or instrumentality of such State or political subdivision, has the authority and capability of constructing, maintaining, and operating the facility; "(2) he has entered into an agreement governinq- the financing, maintenance, and operation of the parking facility with such State, political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, including necessary requirements to insure that adequate public transporta^ tion services will be available to persons using such facility; and "(3) he has approved design standards for constructing such facility developed in cooperation with the State highway department. "(c) The term 'parking facilities' for purposes of this section shall facim-es"" include access roads, buildings, structures, equipment, improvements, and interests in lands.
1734 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. " ( d ) Nothing in this section, or in any rule or regulation issued under this section, or in any agreement required by this section, shall prohibit (1) any State, political subdivision, or agency or instrumen- tality thereof, from contracting with any person to operate any park- ing facility constructed under this section, or (2) any such person from so operating such facility. "(e) The Secretary shall not approve any project under this sec- tion unless he determines that it is based on a continuing comprehensive transportation planning process carried on in accordance with section Post, p p . 1737, 134 of this title." 1738. (b) The analysis of chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking out the matter relating to section 137 and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "137. Fringe and corridor parking facilities." Repeal. (c) Section 11 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1968 is hereby 82 Stat. 820. 23 u s e 134 repealed. note. PUBLIC HEARINGS SEC. 135. (a) Subsection (a) of section 128 of title 23, United States 72 Stat, 902; 52 Stat. 828. Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Such certification shall be accompanied by a report which indicates the consideration given to the economic, social, environ- mental, and other effects of the plan or highway location or design and various alternatives which w^ere raised during the hearing or which were otherwise considered." (b) Subsection (b) of such section 128 is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the follow- ing : "and report." E C O N O M I C , SOCIAL, E N V I R O N M E N T A L , AND OTHER I M P A C T 80 Stat. 7 7 1 . SEC. 136. (a) Section 109(g) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: Soil erosion. " ( g ) The Secretary shall issue within 30 days after the day of enactment of the Federal-Aid Highway Ret of 1970 guidelines for minimizing possible soil erosion from highw^ay construction. Such guidelines shall apply to all proposed projects with respect to which plans, specifications, and estimates are approved by the Secretary after the issuance of such guidelines." (b) Such section 109 is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following: Guidelines, sub- " ( h ) Not later than July 1, 1972, the Secretary, after consultation mission to Con- g r e s s , promulga- with appropriate Federal and State officials, shall submit to Congress, tion. and not later than 90 days after such submission, promulgate guide- lines designed to assure that possible adverse economic, social, and environmental effects relating to any proposed project on any Federal- aid system have been fully considered in developing such project, and that the final decisions on the project are made in the best overall public interest, taking into consideration the need for fast, safe and eificient transportation, public services, and the costs of eliminating or minimizing such adverse effects and the following: "(1) air, noise, and water pollution; "(2) destruction or disruption of man-made and natural resources, aesthetic values, community cohesion and the avail- ability of public facilities and services; "(3) adverse employment effects, and tax and property value losses; "(4) injurious displacement of people, businesses and farms; and
84 STAT.] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1735 "(5) disruption of desirable community and regional growth. Such guidelines shall apply to all proposed projects with respect to which plans, specifications, and estimates are approved hj the Secre- tary after the issuance of such guidelines. Noise level " ( i ) The Secretary, after consultation with appropriate Federal, standards. State, and local officials, shall develop and promulgate standards for highway noise levels compatible with different land uses and after July 1, 1972, shall not approve plans and specifications for any pro- posed project on any Federal-aid system for which location approval has not yet been secured unless he determines that such plans and specifications include adequate measures to implement the appropriate noise level standards. Air quality " ( j ) The Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of standards. the Environmental Protection Agency, shall develop and promulgate guidelines to assure that highways constructed pursuant to this title are consistent with any approved plan for the implementation of any ambient air quality standard for any air quality control region desig- nated pursuant to the Clean Air Act, as amended." 81 Stat. 485. 42 u s e 1857 (c) Subsection (b) of section 307 of title 23, United States Code, note. is amended by adding the following sentence: "The highway research 72 Stat. 913. program herein authorized shall also include studies to identify and measure, quantitatively and qualitatively, those factors which relate to economic, social, environmental, and other impacts of highway projects." I N T E R E S T PxVYMENTS FOR R E P L A C E M E N T HOUSING SEC. 137. Section 506 of title 23, United States Code is amended by 82 Stat. 832; Post, p . 1903, redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c) and inserting a new subsection (b) as follows: "(b) (1) In addition to the amoimts otherwise authorized by this title, the State agency shall make an interest payment to compensate such owner for any increased rate of interest which such owner is required to pay for financing such replacement dwelling. "(2) This interest payment shall be computed and allowed only if there was an existing mortgage against the dwelling transferred to the State and such mortgage was a valid lien on said premises for at least one year prior to the institution of negotiations for the acquisi- tion of sudi property, and if the mortgage for the replacement dwelling bears a higher rate of interest than the interest rate on the mortgage of the transferred dwelling; but, in no event shall such interest on Limitation. the replacement dwelling be greater than the maximum interest allow- able under State law. "(3) The value of the interest payment shall be the difference in the interest rate existing on the balance of any mortgage on a trans- ferred dwelling and the interest rate on the mortgage of the replace- ment dwelling for the remainder of the term of any such mortgage on such transferred dwelling reduced to discounted present value. "(4) The discount rate as above provided shall be the maximum rate of interest permitted to be paid on savings deposits by any savings bank within the State pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation." ALASKAN ASSISTANCE SEC. 138. (a) Subsection (b) of section 7 of the Federal Aid High- way Act of 1966 is amended to read as follows: 80 Stat. 768. "(b) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for construc- Appropriation. tion of Federal-aid highways of the State of Alaska, out of the High-
1736 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. way Trust Fund and in addition to funds otherwise made available 23 ?sc fof • *^ ^^^® ^^^^^ ^* Alaska under title 23, United States Code, $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1972 and June 30,1973." (b) Any right-of-way for roads, roadways, highways, tramways, trails, bridges, and appurtenant structures reserved by section 321(d) 73 Stat. 146. of title 48, United States Code (61 Stat. 418,1947), not utilized by the United States or by the State or territory of Alaska prior to the date of enactment hereof, shall be and hereby is vacated and relinquished by the United States to the end and intent that such reservation shall merge with the fee and be forever extinguished. FERRY BOATS Ante. p. 1732. SEC. 139. Sectlou 129 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: 72 Stat. 912. "(f) Notwithstanding section 301 of this title, the Secretary may 23 u s e 301. ])ermit Federal participation under this title in the construction of ferry boats, whether toll or free, subject to the following conditions: "(1) I t is not feasible to build a bridge, tunnel, combination thereof, or other normal highway structure in lieu of the use of such ferry. "(2) The operation of the ferry shall be on a route which has 72 Stat. 887. h^Q,Yv approved under section 103 (b) or (c) of this title as a part of one of the Federal-aid systems within the State and has not been designated as a route on the Interstate System. " (3) Such ferry shall be publicly owned and operated. "(4) The operating authority and the amount of fares charged for passage on such ferry shall be under the control of the State, and all revenues derived therefrom shall be applied to actual and necessary costs of operation, maintenance, and repair. wit'err^"ohU)\- " ( ^ ) ^uch ferry shall be operated only within the State or tion. ' between adjoining States, and no part of its operation shall be in any foreign or international waters. Disposal. u^g^ j^Q Buoh. ferry shall be sold, leased, or otherwise disposed of without the approval of the Secretary. The Federal share of any proceeds from such a disposition shall be credited to the unprogramed balance of Federal-aid highway funds of the same class last apportioned to such State. Any amount so credited shall be in addition to all other funds then apportioned to such State and available for expenditure in accordance wnth the provisions of this title." F U T U R E ADDITIOIirS TO I N T E R S T A T E SYSTEM SEC. 140. The existing language of section 139 of title 23, United 82 Stat. 823. States Code, shall be designated as subsection (a) and a new sub- section (b) added as follows: "(b) Whenever the Secretary determines that a highway on the Federal-aid primary system would be a logical addition or connection to the Interstate System and would qualify for designation as a route on that system in the same manner as set forth in paragraph 1 of Ante, p . 1717. subsection (d) of section 103 of this title, he may upon the affirmative recommendation of the State or States involved designate such high- way as a future part of the Interstate System. Such designation shall be made only upon the written agreement of the State or States involved that such highway will be constructed to meet all the stand- ards of a highway on the Interstate System within twelve years of the date of the agreement between the Secretary and the State or States involved. The mileage of any highway designated as a future part of
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1737 the Interstate System under this subsection shall not he charged against the limitations established by the first sentence of section 103(d) of this title. The designation of a highway as a future part of Ante, p . 1717. the Interstate System under this subsection shall create no Federal financial responsibility with respect to such highway except that Federal-aid highway funds otherwise available to the State or States involved for the construction of Federal-aid primary system high- ways may be used for the reconstruction of a highway designated as a route on the Interstate System under this subsection. I n the event that the State or States involved haA'e not substantially com- pleted the construction of any highway designated under this sub- section within the time provided for in the agreement between the Secretary and State or States involved, the Secretary shall remove the designation of such highAvay as a future part of the Interstate System. Removal of such designation as result of failure to comply M'itli the agreement provided for in this subsection shall in no way prohibit the Secretary from designating such route as part of the Interstate System pursuant to subsection (a) of this section or under ^2 stat. 823. any other provision of law providing for addition to the Interstate System. No law, rule, regulation, map, document, or other record of the United States, or of any State or political subdivision thereof, shall refer to any highway under this section, nor shall any such hig'hway be signed or marked, as a highway on the Interstate System until such time as such highway is constructed to the geometric and construction standards for the Interstate System and has been desig- nated as a part of the Interstate System." DEFINITIONS SEC. 141. Section 101 (a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended ^"'^' P- ^^^^• as follows: (1) The definition of the term "forest highway'' is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "and which is on a Federal-aid system." (2) The definition of the term "public lands highways" is amended by striking out "means" and inserting in lieu thereof "means those" and by striking out the period at the end of such definition and insert- ing in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "which are on the Federal-aid systems." COST REDUCTION SEC. 142. Section 106 of title 23, United States Code, is amended yj''l^'%l^^'' by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: Ante^p. 171*7. " ( d ) In such cases as the Secretary determines advisable, plans, specifications, and estimates for proposed projects on any Federal-aid system shall be accompanied by a value engineering or other cost reduction analysis." URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING SEC. 143. (a) Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is 76 stat. ii48. amended by inserting " ( a ) " at the beginning of the first paragraph thereof and by adding at the end thereof the following: "No highway project may be constructed in any urban area of fifty thousand population or more unless the responsible public officials of such urban area in which the project is located have been consulted and their views considered with respect to the corridor, the location and the design of the project."
1738 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. 76 Stat. 1148. (b) Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end thereof a new subsection as follows: Critical t r a n s - "(b) The Secretary may define those contiguous interstate areas portation r e g i o n s . of the Nation in which the movement of persons and goods between principal metropolitan areas, cities, and industrial centers has reached, or is expected to reach, a critical volume in relation to the capacity of existing and planned transportation systems to efficiently accom- modate present transportation demands and future growth. After consultation with the Governors and responsible local officials of affected States, the Secretary may by regulation designate, for admin- istrative and planning purposes, as a critical transportation region or a critical transportation corridor each of those areas which he deter- mines most urgently require the accelerated development of transpor- tation systems embracing various modes of transport, in accordance with purposes of this section. The Secretary shall immediately notify such Governors and local officials of such designation. The Secretary may, after consultation with the Governors and responsible local officials of the affected States, provide by regulation for the establish- ment of planning bodies to assist in the development of coordinated transportation planning, including highway planning, to meet the needs of such regions or corridors, composed of representatives of the affected States and metropolitan areas, and may provide assistance Appropriation. including financial assistance to such bodies. There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appro- priated, not to exceed $500,000 to carry out this subsection." STUDY OF R E L A T I O N S H I P OP H I G H W A Y CONSTRUCTION TO P U B L I C TRANSPORTATION SERVICES Report to SEC. 144. The Secretary is authorized and directed to undertake a Congress. study and analysis of the use of existing highway facilities for high- way public transportation service, the need for additional highway facilities or the adjustment of existing facilities to accommodate such service, and the appropriate funding of such additional highway facilities and to report to the Congress his findings and recommenda- tions not later than January 1,1972. S A I N T CLAIR RIVER BRIDGE SEC. 145. The amount of Federal Aid Highway funds paid to the State of Michigan for the construction of the bridge and approaches thereto over the Saint Clair River at Port Huron, Michigan, shall, prior to the collection of any tolls thereon be repaid to the Treasurer of the United States. The amount to be repaid shall be deposited to the credit of the appropriation for "Federal Aid Highways (Trust F u n d ) " . Such repayment shall be credited to the unprogrammed balance of Federal Aid Highway funds of the same class last appor- tioned to the State of Michigan. The amount so credited shall be in addition to all other funds then apportioned to said State and shall be available for expenditure in accordance with the provisions of title 23, 72 Stat. 885. United States Code, as amended. 23 u s e 101. (2) Upon the repayment by the State of Michigan of the Federal- Aid Highway funds received for such bridge project, the bridge and its approaches shall be free of all restrictions with respect to the imposition and collection of tolls or other charges thereon or for the use thereof, contained in (A) title 23, United States Code, or in any regulation or agreement thereunder, and (B) subsection (d) of section 17 of the Act entitled "An Act to authorize the construction of certain bridges and to extend the times for commencing and/or com- pleting the construction of other bridges over the navigable waters of
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31,1970 1739 the United States, and for other purposes", approved August 30,1935, as amended (49 Stat. 1051), or in any regulation or agreement there- 49 Stat. 1068. under. Tolls or charges imposed and collected on such bridge or for the use thereof shall not exceed the amount necessary for the proper maintenance, repair, and operation of the bridge and its approaches under economical management. BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON PARKWAY Appropriation. SEC. 146. (a) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation, out of the Highway Trust Fund, not to exceed $65,000,000 for reconstructing to six lanes the section of the Baltimore- Washington Parkway in the State of Maryland under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior to the geometric and construction standards for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways. (b) No funds authorized by this section shall be expended until the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of the Interior, and the State highway department of the State of Maryland shall enter into an agreement that— (1) upon completion of reconstruction the Secretary of the Interior will convey without monetary consideration such section of such parkway to the State of Maryland, and (2) the State of Maryland shall put such section of the Parkway on the Federal-aid primary system prior to expenditure of funds authorized by this section, and for such purpose the mileage limitation on such system in such State imposed by section 103 (b) of title 23, United States Code, is hereby waived, and such State 72 Stat. 887. shall thereafter retain such section on such system. SEC. 147. The amendments made by sections 117, 120, and 137 of this Act shall not take effect if before the effective date of this Act the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Land Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 has been enacted into law. Post, p . 1894. TITLE I I SHORT T I T L E Citation of t i t l e . SEC. 201. This title may be cited as the "Highway Safety Act of 1970". HIGHWAY SAFETY SEC. 202. (a) Section 201 of the Highway Safety Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 735) is amended to read as follows: no?^.''^'' ^°' "SEC. 201. (a) There is hereby established within the Department National High- of Transportation a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Admillstriuon^'*^ (hereafter in this section referred to as the 'Administration'). The establishment.' Administration shall be headed by an Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be compensated at the annual rate of basic pay of level I I I of the Executive Schedule in section 5314 of title 5, United States Code. There shall be a Deputy Administrator of the National 8380Stat. Stat. 460; 864. Highway Traffic Safety Administration who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the approval of the President, and who shall be compensated at the annual rate of basic pay of level V of the Executive Schedule in section 5316 of title 5, United States Code. The Administrator shall perform such duties as are delega;ted to him by the Secretary. On all matters pertaining to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of highways, the Adminis- trator shall consult with the Federal Highway Administrator.
1740 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. "(b) (1) The Secretary shall carry out through the Federal High- way Administration those provisions of the Highway Safety Act of 80 Stat. 731, 23 u s e 401 1966 (including chapter 4 of title 23, L^nited States Code) for high- note. way safety programs, research, and aevelopment relating to highway design, construction and maintenance, traffic control devices, identifi- cation and surveillance of accident locations, and highway-related aspects of pedestrian safety. "(2) The Secretary shall carry out, through the Administration, all other provisions of such Act (including chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code) for highway safety programs, research and develop- ment not specifically referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection. "(c) The Secretary is authorized to carry out the provisions of the 15 u s e 1381 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 718) note. through the Administration and Administrator authorized by this section. Repeal. " ( d ) All provisions of law enacted before the date of enactment of the Highway Safety Act of 1970 which are inconsistent with this sec- tion as amended by such Act of 1970 are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency." (b) The President may authorize any person who immediately before the date of enactment of this Act held the office of Director of the National Highway Safety Bureau to act as Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration created by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section until the first Administrator is appointed in accordance with such amendment. The President may authorize any person serving as Acting Administrator in accordance with this subsection to receive compensation at the rate authorized for the office of Administrator. Such compensation, if authorized, shall be in lieu of, and not in addition to, any other com- pensation from the United States to which such person may be entitled. 82 Stat. 822. (c) Subsection (c) of section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking out beginning in the second sentence thereof "as Congress, by law enacted hereafter," and all that follows down through and including the period at the end of the third sentence thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "75 per centum in the ratio which the population of each State bears to the total popula- tion of all the States, as shown by the latest available Federal census, and 25 per centum in the ratio which the public road mileage in each State bears to the total public road mileage in all States. For the pur- "Public road." poses of this subsection, a 'public road' means any road under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel. The annual apportionment to each State shall not be less than one-third of 1 per centum of the total apportionment." (d) The first sentence of subsection (d) of section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "and except that the aggregate of all expenditures made during any fiscal year by a State and its political subdivisions (exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the State highway safety program shall be available for the purpose of crediting such State during such fiscal year for the non-Federal share of the cost of any project under this section without regard to whether such expenditures were actually made in connection with such project." (e) Section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: Uniform safety " ( h ) Except in the case of those State safety program elements s t a n d a r d s , prior submission to with respect to which uniform standards have been promulgated by Congress. the Secretary before December 31, 1970, the Secretary shall not pro- mulgate any other uniform safety standard under this section unless
84 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1741 at least 90 days prior to the effective date of such standard he shall have submitted such standard to Congress." Appropriation. (f) The following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: 80 Stat. 7 3 1 ; (1) F o r carrying out section 402 of title 23, United States Code Ante, p . 1740. (relating to highway safety programs) by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, $75,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, except that two-thirds of all funds authorized and expended under authority of this paragraph for such section 402 in any fiscal year shall be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund. (2) For carrying out section 403 of title 23, LTnited States Code (relating to highway safety research and development), by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, $70,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and $115,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, except that two-thirds of all funds authorized and expended under authority of this paragraph for such section 403 in any fiscal year shall be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund. (3) For carrying out section 402 of title 23, United States Code (relating to highway safety programs), by the Federal Highway Administration for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1972, and June 30, 1973, $30,000,000 per fiscal year, except that two-thirds of all funds authorized and expended under authority of this paragraph for such section 402 in any fiscal year shall be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund. (4) For carrying out sections 307(a) and 403 of title 23, United 72 Stat. 913; States Code (relating to highway safety research and development), Ante, p . 1723. by the Federal Hiffhway Administration, for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1972, and June 30,1973, not to exceed $10,000,000 per fiscal year, except that two-thirds of all funds authorized and expended under authority of this paragraph for such sections 307(a) and 403 in any fiscal year shall be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund. (5) Paragraph (10) of section 5 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of repeal. 1968 (relating to authorizations for carrying out section 402 of title ^^ ^*^'' ^^^• 23, United States Code), is hereby repealed. H I G H W A Y SAFETY PROGRAMS SEC. 203. (a) Section 402(b) (1) (A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and insert- ing in lieu thereof the following: "through a State agency which shall have adequate powers, and be suitably equipped and organized to carry out, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, such program." (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) of this section shall Effective date,, take effect December 31,1971. BRIDGE RECONSTRUCTION A N D REPLACEMENT Ante, p . 1729. SEC. 204. (a) Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof a new section as follows: "§ 144. Special bridge replacement program " (a) Congress hereby finds and declares it to be in the vital interest of the Nation that a special bridge replacement program be established to enable the several States to replace bridges over waterways or other topographical barriers when the States and the Secretary finds that the bridge is significantly important and is unsafe because of structural deficiencies, physical deterioration, or functional obsolescence.
1742 PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. Priority system. "(b) The Secretary in consultation with the States shall (1) inven- tory all bridges located on any of the Federal-aid systems over water- ways and other tojwgraphical barriers of the United States; (2) classify them according to their serviceability, safety, and essentiality for public use; and (3) based on that classification, assign each a pri- ority for replacement. "(c) Whenever any State or States make application to the Secre- tary for assistance in replacing a bridge w^hioh the priority system, established under subsection (b) of this section, show-s to be eligible, the Secretary may approve Federal participation in the reconstruction of a comparable facility. In approving projects under this section, the Secretary shall give consideration to those projects which will remove from service bridges which are most in danger of failure and give con- sideration to the economy of the area involved. Approval of projects and allocation of funds under this section shall be without regard to allocation or apportionment formulas otherwise established under this title. Cost, F e d e r a l " ( d ) The Federal share payable on account of any bridge replace- s h a r e , limitation. ment under this section shall not exceed 75 per centum of the cost thereof. Appropriation. "(e) For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund, $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30,1972; and $150,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, to be available until expended. Such funds shall be available for obligation at the beginning of the fiscal year for which authorized in the same manner and to the same extent as if such funds were apportioned under this chapter. Applicability. "(f) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law the General 60 Stat. 847. Bridge Act of 1946 (33 U.S.C. 525-533) shall apply to bridges author- ized to be reconstructed and bridges constructed to replace unsafe bridges under this section. Annual report. " ( g ) The Secretary shall report annually on projects approved under this section with any recommendations he may have for further miprovement in the special bridge replacement program authorized in accordance with this section." (b) The analysis of chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "144. Special bridge replacement program." RAIL CROSSINGS SEC. 205. (a) Chapter 3 of title 23, ITnited States Code, is further Ante, p . 1723. amended by adding after section 321 the following new section: "§ 322. Demonstration project—rail crossings " ( a ) The Secretary sihall carry out a demonstration project for the elimination of all public ground-level rail-highway crossings along the route of the high-speed ground transportation demonstration proj- ects between Washington, District of Columbia, and Boston, Massa- chusetts, conducted under authority of the Act entitled 'An Act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to undertake research and devel- opment in high-speed ground transportation, and for other purposes', 79 Stat. 8 9 3 . approved September 30,1965 (49 U.S.C. 1631 et seq.). "(b) the Secretary shall carry out a demonstration project for the elimination or protection of certain public ground-leveJ rail-highway crossings in, or in the vicinity of. Greenwood, South Carolina. Cost, F e d e r a l "(c) (1) If the highway involved is on any Federal-aid system, the share. Federal share of the cost of such work shall be 90 per centum and the railroad's share of such cost shall be 10 per centum.
84 STAT.] PUBLIC LAW 91-605-DEC. 31, 1970 1743 "(2) If the highway involved is not on any Federal-aid system, the Federal share of the cost of such work shall be 80 per centum and the railroad's share of such cost shall be 10 per centum and the remaining 10 per centum of such cost shall be paid by the State in which such crossing is located. " ( d ) Before paying any part of the cost of the demonstration proj- ects authorized by this section, the Secretary shall enter into such agreements with the States and railroads involved to insure that all non-Federal costs will be provided as required by this section. study, report "(e) The Secretary, in cooperation with State highway departments, to C o n g r e s s . shall conduct a full and complete investigation and study of the problem of providing increasied highway safety at public and private ground-level rail-highway crossings on a nationwide basis through the elimination of such crossings or otherwise, including specifically high-speed rail operations in all parts of the country, and report to Congress his recommendations resulting from such investigation and study not later than July 1, 1972, including an estimate of the cost of such a program. Funds authorized to carry out section 307 of this title are authorized to be used to carry out the investigation and 72 Stat. 913; Ante, pp. 1723, study required by this subsection. 1729, 1735. "(f) There is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $9,000,000 Appropriation. from the Highway Trust Fund to carry out paragraph (1) of subsec- tion (c) of this section. There is authorized to be appropriated out of the general fund not to exceed $22,000,000 to carry out paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of this section." (b) The analysis of chapter 3 of title 23, United States Oode, is amended by adding at the end thereof: '"322. Demonstration project—rail crossings." TITLE III—EXTENSION OF HIGHWAY TRUST FUND AND CERTAIN RELATED PROVISIONS SEC. 301. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND. Subsections (c), (e), and (f) of section 209 of the Highway Revenue Act of 1956 (relating to the Highway Trust F u n d ; 23 U.S.C. 120 70 Stat. 397; 75 Stat. 128. note) are amended— (1) by striking out "1972" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "1977''; and (2) by striking out "1973*' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "1978". SEC. 302. TRANSFER FROM LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND. Subsection (b) of section 201 of the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 4601-11) is amended— 78 Stat. 904. 16 u s e 460Z-11. (1) by striking out "1972" and inserting in lieu thereof "1977"; and (2) by striking out "1973" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "1978". SEC. 303. POSTPONEMENT OF CERTAIN EXCISE TAX REDUCTIONS. (a) The following provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 are amended by striking out "1972" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "1977": (1) Section 4041(c)(3) (relating to rate of tax on fuel for Ante, p . 237. noncommercial aviation). (2) Section 4041(e) (relating to rate reduction). (3) Section 4061 (a) (1) (relating to imposition of tax on trucks, 75 Stat. 126. 26 u s e 4 0 6 1 . buses, etc.).
1744 PUBLIC LAW 91-606-DEC. 31, 1970 [84 STAT. 26 use 406^1 (^) Section 4061(b) (1) (relating to imposition of tax on parts and accessories). 70 Stat. 388; (5) Scction 4071(d) (relating to imposition of tax on tires 80 otst • 3 3 1 . I l l \ 75 Stat. 123. and tubes). (6) Section 4081 (b) (relating to imposition of tax on gasoline). (7) Section 4481(a) (relating to imposition of tax on use of highway motor vehicles). ^8) Section 4481(e) (relating to period tax in effect). Ante, p . 245. (9) Section 4482(c) (4) (defining taxable period). (10) Section 6156(e) (2) (relating to installment payments of tax on use of highway motor vehicles). (11) Section 6421(h) (relating to tax on gasoline used for 75 Stat. 127. certain nonhighway purposes or by local transit systems). (b) Section 6412(a) (2) of such Code (relating to floor stock refunds) is amended— (1) by striking out "1972" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "1977"; (2) by striking out "January 1,1973" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "January 1, 1978"; and (3) by striking out "February 10, 1973" each place it appears and mserting in lieu thereof "March 31, 1978". Approved December 3 1 , 1970. Public Law 91-606 December 3 1 , 1970 AN ACT [S.3619] To revise and expand Federal programs for relief from the effects of major disasters, and for other purposes;. Be if enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the A^t^l(^i97o^^^^^^ fww^^e^/ States of America in Congress assembled.. That this Act may l)e cited as the "Disaster Relief Act of 1970". T I T L E I — F I N D I N G S AND D E C L A R A T I O N S ; D E F I N I T I O N S F I N D I N G S A N D DECLARATIONS SEC. 101. (a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that— (1) because loss of life, human suffering, loss of incomie, and property loss and damage result from major disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, storms, floods, high waters, wind-driven