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H.R. 10693 (93rd): District of Columbia Self-Government Act

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


10/2/1973--Introduced. District of Columbia Self-Government Act - Title I: Governmental Reorganization; Taxing Authority, Fees, Licensing Federal Payment; District Budget and Financial Management; and City Administrator and Compensation for Council - Establishes, under the District of Columbia Alley Dwelling Act, the National Capital Housing Authority as an agency of the District. Defines the powers of the authority. States that all powers and duties formerly vested in the President under this Act shall be vested in the District Commissioner. Directs the Commissioner to establish and administer a public employment service in the District. Establishes, under the District of Columbia Redevelopment Act, the District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency as an agency of the District government, to be composed of five members appointed by the Commissioner with the advice and consent of the District Council. Provides that for the purpose of defraying such expenses of the District as Congress may from time to time appropriate for, there is levied for each fiscal year, taxes (as imposed under specified District tax acts at such rates as will, when added to the other revenues of the District, produce money enough to enable the District to pay all sums directed by Congress to be paid by the District, and for which appropriation has been made. Authorizes the Council to determine and fix annually such rates of taxation as will produce the money needed to defray the share of the expenses of the District during the year for which the rate is fixed. Directs the Council to cause all such taxes and revenues to be promptly collected and to be daily deposited in the Treasury. Authorizes the Council to fix certain fees, as authorized by various District acts. Authorizes the Council, after public hearing, to increase or decrease such fees as may be reasonable in the public interest. Authorizes the Council to make regulations requiring licenses for occupations and businesses, and to impose penalities for violations of such regulations, and to enjoin illegal practice of such occupations or businesses in Superior Court of the District. Repeals certain acts regulating occupations and business when the Council establishes regulations replacing such acts. Provides that any action of the Council taken in setting tax rates and fees relating to the licensing of occupations and businesses shall be effective only if during the forty-day period immediately following the date of such action neither House of Congress adopts a resolution stating that the House does not approve of such action; and if during the ten-day period following such forty-day period the President does not veto such action. Requires the Council Chairman to submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to the President of the Senate, and to the President, a copy of each such action taken by the Council on the day such action is taken. Directs the Commissioner to identify costs and benefits to the District that result from it being the nation's capital, and to reveal such costs and benefits to the Federal Office of Management and Budget, (OMB) for its use in recommending the amount of the annual Federal payment to the District. Identifies specific costs and benefits for the Commissioner to consider. Directs the OMB to determine and recommend each year to the Congress the amount of the appropriation for the annual Federal payment to the District. Directs the Commissioner to prepare and submit through the OMB to the Congress and the Council an annual budget for the District government, and directs what the budget shall include. Requires the Commissioner to prepare and include in the annual budget a multiyear operating plan for all agencies in the District budget, for all sources of funding, and for such program categories as are set out in the budget; and directs him to prepare and include in the budget a multiyear capital improvements plan. Prohibits, unless specifically authorized or directed by the Congress, any change in existing laws, regulations, or basic procedures and practices as they relate to the respective roles of the Congress, the President, the Federal Office of Management and Budget, the United States Department of the Treasury, the Comptroller General of the United States, the District of Columbia Council, and the Commissioner in: (1) the preparation, authorization, and appropriation of the District budget; (2) the establishment of line-item limitations, personnel ceilings, and program or project control amounts by the Congress on proposed obligations or expenditures; (3) the financing of capital projects through the United States Treasury; (4) the apportionment, obligation, expenditure, reprograming, transfer, or reallocation of appropriated funds; and (5) the control of financial transactions. Establishes the Office of City Administrator for the District, to be appointed by the Commissioner. Title II: - Self Government - Provides that the portion of the District ceded to the United States by Maryland and not in the Federal area is retroceded to Maryland. Reserves to the United States the jurisdiction over the portion of the District not retroceded. Directs the President to prepare a reorganization plan to provide a government for the District and to transmit such plan within six months of enactment of this Act. Describes the boundaries of the Federal area, to continue to be known as the District of Columbia. Upon retrocession, Maryland shall be entitled to two additional United States Representatives for the area retroceded until the next reapportionment. Provides for payments for nine years after retrocession to Maryland to defray expenses of providing local government for the retroceded area.