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H.R. 11646 (93rd): Energy Reorganization Act

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


11/28/1973--Introduced. Energy Reorganization Act - Title I: Energy Research and Development Administration Establishes the Energy Research and Development Administration headed by an Administrator appointed by the President. Describes the functions of the Administrator as including: (1) exercising central responsibility for policy planning, coordination, support, and management of research and development programs respecting all energy sources; (2) undertaking research and development in the extraction, conversion, transmission, and utilization phases related to the development and use of energy from fossil, nuclear, solar, geothermal, and other energy sources; (3) participating in and supporting cooperative research and development projects which may involve contributions by public or private persons or agencies, of financial or other resources to the performance of the work; and (4) developing, collecting, distributing, and making available for distribution, scientific and technical information concerning the manufacture or development of energy and its efficient extraction, conversion, transmission, and utilization. Transfers to the Administrator all functions of the Atomic Energy Commission, the Chairman and members of the Commission, and the officers and components of the Commission, except as otherwise provided in this Act. Transfers to the Administrator such functions of the Secretary of the Interior, the Department of the Interior, and officers and components of such department: (1) as relate to or are utilized by the Office of Coal Research; and (2) as relate to or are utilized in connection with fossil fuel energy research and development programs and related activities conducted by the Bureau of Mines. Transfers to the Administrator such functions of the National Science Foundations as relate to or are utilized in connection with: (1) solar heating and cooling development; and (2) geothermal power development. Transfers to the Administrator such functions of the Environmental Protection Agency and the officers and components thereof as relate to or are utilized in connection with the development and demonstration of alternative automotive power systems. Title II: Nuclear Energy Commission - Provides that the Atomic Energy Commission is renamed the Nuclear Energy Commission and shall continue to perform the licensing and related regulatory functions of the Chairman and members of the Commission, the general counsel, and other officers and components of the Commission, which functions, officers, components, and personnel are excepted from the transfer to the Administrator by this Act. Grants the Nuclear Energy Commission licensing authority as to the following facilities of the Administration: (1) demonstration liquid metal fast breeder reactors when operated as part of the power generation facilities of an electric utility system; (2) other demonstration nuclear reactors when operated as part of the power generation facilities of an electric utility system, except those in existence, under construction or authorized or appropriated for by the Congress on the date this part becomes effective; or (3) facilities used primarily for the receipt and storage of high level radioactive wastes resulting from activities licensed under such Act. Allows the Nuclear Energy Commission to engage in or contract for research which the Commission deems necessary for the discharge of its licensing and regulatory functions. Title III: Miscellaneous and Transitional Provisions - Provides that except as otherwise provided in this Act, whenever all of the functions or programs of an agency, or other body, or any component thereof, affected by this Act, have been transferred from that agency, or other body, or component, the agency, or other body, or component shall lapse.