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S. 3394 (93rd): Foreign Assistance Act


The text of the bill below is as of Dec 30, 1974 (Passed Congress).

Summary of this bill

Source: Wikipedia

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1974 (Public law 93-559) , was an act of the 93rd United States Congress that added several amendments to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Perhaps most famously, the act introduced an amendment that effectively eliminated aid and military funding for South Vietnam. Direct US involvement in Vietnam was already prohibited under the Case–Church Amendment, and the termination of US funding and indirect support for South Vietnam was a significant factor leading up to the Fall of Saigon.

This summary is from Wikipedia.


88 STAT. ]       PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974                                            1795

Public Law 93-559
                                AN A C T                                       December 30, 1974
    To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for other purposes.           [s.3394]

  Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the
                                                                     Foreign Assist-
United States of America in Congress assemhled^ That this Act may ance    Act of 1974.,
be cited as the "Foreign Assistance Act of 1974".                 "'•j'a" use 2*151
                                                                               note.
                          FOOD AND JSrUTRITION

   SEC. 2. Section 103 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is                  22 u s e 21Sla.
amended—
           (1) by inserting the subsection designation " ( a ) " immediately
       before " I n " ;
          (2) by striking out "$291,000,000 for each of the fiscal years
       1974 and 1975" and inserting in lieu thereof "$291,000,000 for the
       fiscal year 1974, and $500,000,000 for the fiscal year 1975"; and
          (3) by adding at the end thereof the following:
   " ( b ) The Congress finds that, due to rising world food, fertilizer,
and petroleum costs, human suffering and deprivation are growing in                       , .,
the poorest and most slowly developing countries. The greatest poten-
tial for significantly expanding world food production at relatively
low cost lies in increasing the productivity of small farmers who con-
stitute a majority of the nearly one billion people living in those
countries. Increasing the emphasis on rural development and
expanded food production in the poorest nations of the developing
world is a matter of social justice as well as an important factor in
slowing the rate of inflation in the industrialized countries. I n the
allocation of funds under this section, special attention should be given
to increasing agricultural production in the countries with per capita                       /
incomes under $300 a year and which are the most severely affected
by sharp increases in worldwide commodity prices."

              CEILING ON FERTILIZERS TO SOUTH VIETNAM

  SEC. 3. (a) None of the moneys made available under the Foreign 22 use 2175a.
Assistance Act of 1961 or the Foreign Assistance Act of 1974 may be 22 use 2151
used, beginning on the date of enactment of this section, during fiscal ^°s^pra.
year 1975 to procure agricultural fertilizers for, or to provide such
fertilizers to, South Vietnam,
   (b) During each fiscal year after fiscal year 1975, of the total amount
obligated or expended for such fiscal year under the Foreign Assistance
Act of 1961 to procure agricultural fertilizers for, or to provide such
fertilizers to, foreign countries, not more than one-third of such
amount may be obligated or expended to procure such fertilizers for,
or provide such fertilizers to, South Vietnam.

                          POPULATION PLANNING

  SEC, 4, The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows:
       (1) I n section 104, strike out "$145,000,000 for each of the fiscal 22 use 2151b.
    years 1974 and 1975" and insert in lieu thereof "$145,000,000 for
    the fiscal year 1974, and $165,000,000 for the fiscal year 1975".
       (2) I n section 292, strike out "$130,000,000" and insert in lieu 22 use 2219a.
    thereof "$150,000,000".

1796 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. EDUCATION AND H U M A N RESOURCP:S DEVELOPMENT 22 u s e 2151c. SEC. 5. Section 105 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking out "$90,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1974 and 1975" and inserting in lieu thereof "$90,000,000 for the fiscal year 1974, and $92,000,000 for the fiscal year 1975". DISPOSITION OF LOAN RECEIPTS 22 u s e 2 1 6 3 . SEC. 6. Section 203 of the P^oreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "On and after July 1, 1975, none of the dollar receipts paid during any fiscal year from loans made pursuant to this part or from loans made under predecessor foreign assistance legislation are authorized to be made available during any fiscal year for use for purposes of 22 u s e 2151, making loans under chapter 1 of this part. All such receipts shall be deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts." HOUSING GUARANTIES SEC. 7. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows: 22 u s e 2 1 8 1 . (1) I n section 221, strike out "$305,000,000" and insert in lieu thereof "$355,000,000". 22 u s e 2183. (2) I n section 223(i), strike out "June 30, 1975" and insert in lieu thereof "June 30,1976". AGRICULTURAL CREDIT PROGRAMS SEC. 8. (a) Title I I I of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended— (1) by striking out the title heading and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "TITLE III—HOUSING AND OTHER CREDIT GUARANTY PROGRAMS"; (2) by inserting immediately after section 222 the following new section: 22 u s e 2182a. "SEC, 222A. Agricultural and Productive Credit and Self-Help Community Development Programs.— (a) I t is the sense of the Con- gress that in order to stimulate the participation of the private sector in the economic development of less-developed countries in Latin America, the authority conferred by this section should be used to establish pilot programs in not more than five Latin American coun- tries to encourage private banks, credit institutions, similar private lending organizations, cooperatives, and private nonprofit develop- ment organizations to make loans on reasonable terms to organized groups and individuals residing in a community for the purpose of enabling such groups and individuals to carry out agricultural credit and self-help community development projects for which they are unable to obtain financial assistance on reasonable terms. Agricultural credit and assistance for self-help community development projects should include, but not be limited to, material and such projects as wells, pumps, farm machinery, improved seed, fertilizer, pesticides, vocational training, food industry development, nutrition projects, improved breeding stock for farm animals, sanitation facilities, and looms and other handicraft aids. Guaranties. " ( b ) To carry out the purposes of subsection ( a ) , the agency pri- 22 u s e 2151. marily responsible for administering part I is authorized to issue guar-
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1797 anties, on s-cli terms and conditions as it shall determine, to private lending institutions, cooperatives, and private nonprofit development organizations in not more than five Latin American countries assuring against loss of not to exceed 50 per centum of the portfolio of such loans made by any lender to organized groups or individuals residing in a community to enable such groups or individuals to carry out agricultural credit and self-help community development projects for which they are unable to obtain financial assistance on reasonable terms. I n no event shall the liability of the United States exceed 75 per centum of any one loan. "(c) The total face amount of guaranties issued under this section limitation. outstanding at any one time shall not exceed $15,000,000. Not more than 10 per centum of such sum shall be provided for any one insti- tution, cooperative, or organization. " ( d ) The Inter-American Foundation shall be consulted in develop- ing criteria for making loans eligible for guaranty coverage in Latin America under this section. "(e) Not to exceed $3,000,000 of the guaranty reserve established under section 223(b) shall be available to make such payments as may 22 use 2183. be necessary to discharge liabilities under guaranties issued under this section or any guaranties previously issued under section 240 of this Act. 22 use 2200. "(f) Funds held by the Overseas Private Investment Corporation pursuant to section 236 may be available for meeting necessary admin- 22 u s e 2196. istrative and operating expenses for carrying out the provisions of this section through June 30,1976. " ( g ) The Overseas Private Investment Corporation shall, upon . ^""^"^0^3 °^„d enactment of this subsection, transfer to the agency primarily respon- asseTs.'°" sible for administering part I all obligations, assets, and related rights and responsibilities arising out of, or related to the predecessor pro- gram provided for in section 240 of this Act. " ( h ) The authority of this section shall continue until December 31, Termination of IQYY authority. " (i) Notwithstanding the limitation in subsection (c) of this section, Excess foreign foreign currencies owned by the United States and determined by the '^""^"'^y' "^^• Secretary of the Treasury to be excess to the needs of the United States may be utilized to carry out the purposes of this section, including the discharge of liabilities under this subsection. The authority conferred by this subsection shall be in addition to authority conferred by any other provision of law to implement guaranty programs utilizing excess local currency. " ( j ) The President shall, on or before January 15, 1976, make a rfs^J'"'^* *° ^°"" detailed report to the Congress on the results of the program estab- ^"^^^^^ lished under this section, together with such recommendations as he may deem appropriate.": (3) by striking out "section 221 or section 222" in section 223 22 use 2183. (a) and inserting "section 221, 222, or 222A" in lieu thereof; (4) by striking out "this title" in section 223(b) and inserting "section 221 and section 222" in lieu thereof; and (5) by striking out "section 221 or section 222" in section 223 (d) and inserting "section 221, 222, 222A, or previously under section 240 of this Act" in lieu thereof. (b) Title I V of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking out section 240. 22 use 2200. 38-194 O - 76 - 31 Pt. 2
1798 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS A N D PROGRAMS 22 u s e 2222. SEC. 9. (a) Section 302 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended— (1) by striking out "for the fiscal year 1975, $150,000,000" in subsection (a) and inserting in lieu thereof "for the fiscal year 1975, $165,000,000"; and (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections: International " ( g ) Of the funds made available to carry out this chapter for fiscal Atomic Energy Agency. year 1975, in addition to any other such funds to be made available for contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency, not less than $500,000 shall be made available to such Agency as technical assistance in kind. However, a reasonable amount of funds authorized under this section shall be made available in fiscal year 1975 to strengthen international procedures which are designed to prevent the Report to unauthorized dissemination or use of nuclear materials. The President Congress. shall report to the Congress not later than July 1, 1975, concerning actions taken by the United States to strengthen the procedures described under the preceding sentence. United Nations Educational, " ( h ) Congress directs that no funds should be obligated or Scientific, and expended, directly or indirectly, to support the United Nations Edu- Cultural Organi- cational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization until the President zation. certifies to the Congress that such Organization (1) has adopted policies which are fully consistent with its educational, scientific, and cultural objectives, and (2) has taken concrete steps to correct its recent actions of a primarily political character." MILITARY ASSISTANCE AUTHORIZATIONS 22 u s e 2312. SEC. 10. Section 504(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended— (1) by striking out "$512,500,000 for the fiscal year 1974" and inserting in lieu thereof "$600,000,000 for the fiscal year 1975"; and (2) by striking out "(other than training in the United States)" and inserting in lieu thereof "(other than (1) training in the United States, or (2) for Western Hemisphere countries, training in the United States or in the Canal Zone)". SPECIAL AUTHORITY 22 u s e 2318. SEC. 11. Section 506(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended— (1) by striking out "the fiscal year 1974" in each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "the fiscal year 1975" in each such place; and (2) by striking out "$250,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$150,000,000". MILITARY ASSISTANCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR SOUTH VIETNAM 22 u s e 2321f. SEC. 12. Section 513 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows: (1) Strike out "Thailand and Laos" in the caption and insert in lieu thereof "Thailand and Laos, and South Vietnam". (2) A t the end thereof add the following new subsection: " (c) After June 30, 1976, no military assistance shall be furnished by the United States to South Vietnam directly or through any other foreign country unless that assistance is authorized under this Act 22 u s e 2751 or the Foreign Military Sales Act."
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1799 EXCESS D E F E N S E ARTICLES SEC. 13. (a) Section 8 of the Act entitled "An Act to amend tlie Foreign Military Sales Act, and for other purposes", approved Jan- uary 12, 1971 (22 U.S.C. 2321b), is amended— (1) by striking out "$150,000,000" in subsection (b) and insert- ing "$100,000,000" in lieu thereof; and (2) by inserting immediately before the period in subsection (c) the following: " ; except that for any excess defense article such term shall not include a value for any such article which is less than 33% percent of the amount the United States paid for such article when the United States acquired it". EXCESS D E F E N S E ARTICLE VALUE I N A N N U A L REPORT SEC. 14. Section 634(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 u s e 2394. amended by striking out "including economic assistance and military grants and sales" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "includ- ing economic assistance, military grants (and including for any such grant of any excess defense article, the value of such article expressed in terms of its acquisition cost to the United States), and military sales". S T O C K P I L I N G OF DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR FOREIGN COUNTRIES SEC. 15. Chapter 2 of part I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 514. Stockpiling of Defense Articles for Foreign Coun- 22 use 232ih. tries.—(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds, other than funds made available under this chapter or section 401(a) of Public Law 89-367 (80 Stat. 37), or any subsequent corresponding legislation, may be obligated for the purpose of stockpiling any defense article or war reserve material, including the acquisition, stor- age, or maintenance of any war reserve equipment, secondary items, or munitions, if such article or material is set aside, reserved, or in any way earmarked or intended for future use by any foreign country under this Act or such section. "(b) The cost of any such article or material set aside, reserved, or in any way earmarked or intended by the Department of Defense for future use by, for, or on behalf of the country referred to in section 401 (a) (1) of Public Law 89-367 (80 Stat. 37) shall be charged against the limitation specified in such section or any subsequent corresponding legislation, for the fiscal year in which such article or material is set aside, reserved, or otherwise earmarked or intended; and the cost of any such article or material set aside, reserved or in any way earmarked or intended for future use by, for, or on behalf of any other foreign country shall be charged against funds author- ized under this chapter for the fiscal year in which such article or material is set aside, reserved, or otherwise earmarked. No such article or material may be made available to or for use by any foreign country unless such article or material has been charged against the limitation specified in such section, or any subsequent corresponding legislation, or against funds authorized under this chapter, as appropriate." M I L I T A R Y A S S I S T A N C E ADVISORY GROUPS A N D MISSIONS SEC. 16. Chapter 2 of part I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is further amended by adding at the end thereof tiie following new section:
1800 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. 22 use 23211. "SEC. 515. Military Assistance Advisory Groups and Missions.— Effective July 1, 1976, an amount equal to each sum expended under 22 use 2312. any provision of law, other than section 504 of this Act, with respect to any military assistance advisory group, military mission, or other organization of the United States performing activities similar to such group or mission, shall be deducted from the funds made avail- able under such section 504, and (1) if reimbursement of such amount is requested by the agency of the United States Government making the expenditure, reimbursed to that agency, or (2) if no such reim- bursement is requested, deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts." REVIEW OF M I L I T A R Y ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 22 u s e 2311 note. SEC. 17. (a) I t is the sense of Congress that the policies and purposes of the military assistance program conducted under chapter 2 of part 22 use 2311. I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 should be reexamined in light of changes in world conditions and the economic position of the United States in relation to countries receiving such assistance; and that the program, except for military education and training activities, should be reduced and terminated as rapidly as feasible consistent with the security and foreign policy requirements of the United States. Reduction and /|^\ j ^ order to give effect to the sense of Congress expressed in sub- elimination plan, \ .' , . , _=> ' • » , » • , • , -t , i -Pi ,t e^ i • _e submittal to section ( a ) , the President is directed to submit to the first session of eongress. ^jjg Q^^jj CongTcss a detailed plan for the reduction and eventual elimination of the present military assistance program. SECURITY S U P P O R T I N G ASSISTANCE 22 u s e 2346a. SEC. 18. Section 532 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking out "for the fiscal year 1974 not to exceed $125,000,000, of which not less than $50,000,000 shall be available solely for Israel" and inserting in lieu thereof "for the fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $660,000,000". TRANSFER BETA\'EEN ACCOUNTS 22 use 2360. SEC. 19. (a,) Section 610 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows: (1) I n subsection ( a ) , immediately after "any other provision of this Act", insert "(except funds made available under chapter 2 of part I I of this Act)". (2) Add at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(c) Any funds which the President has notified Congress pursuant Post, p . 1801. to section 653 that he intends to provide in military assistance to any country may be transferred to, and consolidated with, any other funds he has notified Congress pursuant to such section that he intends to provide to that country for development assistance purposes." 22 use 2364. (b) Section 614 of such Act is amended by adding at the end of sub- section (a) the following: "The authority of this section shall not be used to waive the limitations on transfers contained in section 610(a) ^"P'^' of this Act.". LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS SEC. 20. Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: 22 u s e 2151m. "SEC. 115. Prohibiting Use of Funds for Certain Countries.—(a) None of the funds made available to carry out this chapter may be used in any fiscal year for any country to which assistance is furnished in such fiscal year under chapter 4 of part I I (security supporting
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1801 assistance), part V (assistance for relief and reconstruction of South Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), part V I (assistance for Middle 22 use 2346, East peace) of this Act, or section 36 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 2431, 1974. Post, p. 1812 " (b) The prohibition contained in subsection (a) may not be waived ^°^[l^\\^^°J 22 use 2364. under section 614(a) of this Act or under any other provision of law. "" "'^^ "^"^ "(c) This section shall not apply to funds made available under Ante, p . 1795.. section 104 for purposes of title X of chapter 2 of this part (programs 22 u s e 2219. relating to population growth), funds made available for humani- tarian assistance through international organizations, and funds obli- gated for regional programs." CHANGE I N ALLOCATION OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCE SEC. 21. Section 653 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 u s e 2413. amended— (1) by striking out all after the period at the end of the first sentence of subsection ( a ) ; and (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c) and by inserting immediately after subsection (a) the following new subsection: " ( b ) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no military grant assistance security supporting assistance, assistance under chapter 1 of part I of this Act, or assistance under part V of this Act, may be ^^^^ ^^^ ^isi, furnished to any country or international organization in any fiscal year, if such assistance exceeds by 10 percent or more the amount of such military grant assistance, security supporting assistance, assist- ance under chapter 1 of part I of this Act, or assistance under part V of this Act, as the case may be, set forth in the report required by subsection (a) of this section, unless— "(1) the President reports to the Congress, at least ten days Report to prior to the date on which such excess funds are provided, the ""S""^^^- country or organization to be provided the excess funds, the amount and category of the excess funds, and the justification for providing the excess funds; and "(2) in the case of military grant assistance or security sup- porting assistance, the President includes in the report, under paragraph (1) his determination that it is in the security interest of the United States to provide the excess funds. This subsection shall not apply if the excess funds provided in any fiscal year to any country or international organization for any cate- gory of assistance are less than $1,000,000." S U S P E N S I O N OF M I L I T A R Y A S S I S T A N C E TO T U R K E Y SEC. 22. Section 620 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended ^^ ^^"^ 2^^°- by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: " ( x ) All military assistance, all sales of defense articles and serv- ices (whether for cash or by credit, guaranty, or any other means), and all licenses with respect to the transportation of arms, ammuni- tions, and implements of war (including technical data relating thereto) to the Government of Turkey, shall be suspended on the date of enactment of this subsection unless and until the President deter- mines and certifies to the Congress that the Government of Turkey is in compliance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the Foreign 22 use 2151 Military Sales Act, and any agreement entered into under such Acts, "°22*use 2751 and that substantial progress toward agreement has been made regard- note. ing military forces in Cyprus: Provided, That the President is author- ized to suspend the provisions of this section and such Acts if he
1802 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. determines that such suspension will further negotiations for a peace- ful solution of the Cyprus conflict. Any such suspension shall be effective only until February 5, 1975, and only if, during that time, Turkey shall observe the ceasefire and shall neither increase its forces on Cyprus nor transfer to Cyprus any United States supplied imple- ments of war." P R O H I B I T I O N S ON AID TO N A T I O N S TRADING W I T H N O R T H VIETNAM 22 u s e 2370. SEC. 23. Section 620 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by inserting before the period in subsection (n) the follow- ing : ", unless the President determines that such loans, credits, guar- anties, grants, other assistance, or sales are in the national interest of the United States". ASSISTANCE TO GREECE K^p^ai. gj^^ 24. Section 620(v) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is repealed. LIMITATION U P O N ASSISTANCE TO OR FOR CHILE 22 u s e 2370 note. SEC. 25. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total amount of assistance that may be made available for Chile under the 22 u s e 2151 n o t e , 2751 n o t e . Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and the Foreign Military Sales Act during fiscal year 1975, may not exceed $25,000,000, none of which may be made available for the purpose of providing military assist- ance (including security supporting assistance, sales, credit sales, or guaranties or the furnishing by any means of excess defense articles or items from stockpiles of the Department of Defense). L I M I T A T I O N ON M I L I T A R Y ASSISTANCE A N D EXCESS D E F E N S E ARTICLES TO X KOREA 22 u s e 2370 note. SEC. 26. (a) The aggregate amount of— (1) funds obligated or reserved for military assistance, includ- ing supply operations, under chapter 2 of part I I of the Foreign 22 u s e 2311 Assistance Act of 1961; (2) the acquisition cost of excess defense articles, if any, 22 u s e 2301 ordered under part I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and not charged against appropriations for military assistance; (3) credits, including participations in credits, extended pursu- 22 use 2763. g^j^^ ^^ section 23 of the Foreign Military Sales Act; and (4) the principal amount of loans guaranteed pursuant to sec- 22 u s e 2764. tion 24 (a) of the Foreign Military Sales Act; with respect to South Korea shall not exceed $145,000,000 for fiscal year !l!,^°Io'° 1975 until the President submits a report to the Congress after the date eongress. of enactment of this Act stating that the government of South Korea is making substantial progress in the observance of internationally rec- ognized standards of human rights. (b) After the submission of the report under subsection ( a ) , the aggregate amount described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of such subsection with respect to South Korea shall not exceed $165,000,000 for fiscal year 1975. (c) The provisions of section 506 and section 614 of the Foreign 22 u s e 2318 2364. Assistance Act of 1961, or of any other law, may not be used to exceed the limitation under subsection (a) or (b). LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE FOR INDIA 22 u s e 2370 note. SEC. 27. The total amount of assistance provided under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and of credit sales made or guaranteed under
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1803 the Foreign Military Sales Act for India shall not exceed $50,000,000 22 u s e 2751 note. in fiscal year 1975. F A M I N E OR DISASTER RELIEF SEC. 28. (a) Section 639 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 22 use 2399. dealing with famine or disaster relief, is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 639. Famine or Disaster Relief.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act, the President may provide famine or disaster relief assistance to any foreign country on such terms and conditions as he may determine. F o r fiscal year 1975 there is author- Appropriation. ized to be appropriated not to exceed $40,000,000, to provide such assist- ance. The President shall submit quarterly reports during such fiscal Presidential year to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on slonl?co°m^mmI!-r Appropriations of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of and speaker of the Representatives on the programing and obligation of funds under this House. section." (b) Of the funds appropriated to carry out section 639 of the For- Cyprus, assist- eign Assistance Act of 1961, during fiscal year 1975 not less than ^"a^usc 2399 $25,000,000 shall be made available to Cyprus for the purposes of note. such section 639. (c) Section 451 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, dealing with ^^ ^^'^ 22^^- the contingency fund, is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 451. Contingency Fund.—(a) There is authorized to be appro- priated to the President for the fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $5,000,000, to provide assistance authorized by this part or by section 639 for any emergency purpose only in accordance with the provisions appli- cable to the furnishing of such assistance. " ( b ) The President shall submit quarterly reports to the Committee Presidential on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the rionarco°m^itfees" Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives on the pro- a"<i speaker of the graming and obligation of funds under this section. House. "(c) No part of this fund shall be used to pay for any gifts to Restriction. any officials of any foreign government made heretofore or hereafter.". ACCESS TO CERTAIN MILITARY BASES ABROAD SEC. 29. (a) Chapter 3 of part I I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 659. Access to Certain Military Bases Abroad.—None of funds 22 use 2419. authorized to be appropriated for foreign assistance (including for- eign military sales, credit sales, and guaranties) under this Act may be used to provide any kind of assistance to any foreign country in which a military base is located if— "(1) such base was constructed or is being maintained or oper- ated with funds furnished by the United States; and "(2) personnel of the United States carry out military opera- tions from such base; unless and until the President has determined that the government of such country has, consistent with security authorized access, on a regular basis, to bona fide news media correspondents of the United States to such military base." (b) Section 29 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1973 is repealed. Repeal. ° ^ 2 2 u s e 2151 note. PROHIBITING POLICE TRAINING SEC. 30. (a) Chapter 3 of part I I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended by section 23(a) of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:
1804 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. 22 use 2420. "SEC. 660. Prohibiting Police Training.— (a) On and after July 1, 1975, none of the funds made available to carry out this Act, and none of the local currencies generated under this Act, shall be used to provide training or advice, or provide any financial support, for police, prisons, or other law enforcement forces for any foreign gov- ernment or any program of internal intelligence or surveillance on behalf of any foreign government within the United States or abroad. "(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply— "(1) with respect to assistance rendered under section 515(c) 42 use 3763. of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, with respect to any authority of the Drug Enforcement Administration or the Federal Bureau of Investigation which relates to crimes of the nature which are unlawful under the laws of the United States, or with respect to assistance authorized under section 22 use 2291a. •482 of this Act; or "(2) to any contract entered into prior to the date of enactment of this section with any person, organization, or agency of the United States Government to provide personnel to conduct, or assist in conducting, any such program. Notwithstanding clause (2), subsection (a) shall apply to any renewal or extension of any contract referred to in such paragraph entered into on or after such date of enactment." f2^uTc'2i5i- (^) Section 112 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is repealed. REIMBURSABLE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS SEC. 31. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end of part I I I the following new section: 22 use 2421. "SEC. 661. Reimbursable Development Programs.—The President is authorized to use up to $1,000,000 of the funds made available for the purposes of this Act in each of the fiscal years 1975 and 1976 to work with friendly countries, especially those in which United States development programs have been concluded or those not receiving 22 use 2151. assistance under "part I of this Act, in (1) facilitating open and fair access to natural resources of interest to the United States and (2) stimulation of reimbursable aid programs consistent with part I of this Act. Any funds used for purposes of this section may be used notwithstanding any other provision of this Act," I N T E L L I G E N C E ACTIVITIES A N D E X C H A N G E S OF M A T E R I A L S SEC. 32. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end of part I I I the following new sections: 22 u s e 2422. "SEC. 662. Limitation on Intelligence Activities.—(a) No funds appropriated under the authority of this or any other Act may be expended by or on behalf of the Central Intelligence Agency for operations in foreign countries, other than activities intended solely for obtaining necessary intelligence, unless and until the President finds that each such operation is important to the national security ^"^^^"f^e^on^^ of the United States and reports, in a timely fasliion, a description gress. and scope of such operation to the appropriate committees of the Con- ress, including the Committee on Foreign Relations of the United f tates Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the United States House of Representatives. "(b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply during military operations initiated by the United States under a declaration of war approved by the Congress or an exercise of powers 50 u s e 1541 note. by the President under the W a r Powers Resolution.
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1805 "SEC. 663. Exchanges of Certain Materials.—(a) Notwithstanding 22 use 2423,. any other provision of law, whenever the President determines it is in the United States national interest, he shall furnish assistance under this Act or shall furnish defense articles or services under the Foreign Military Sales Act pursuant to an agreement with the recipi- n o22 te. u s e 2751 ent of such assistance, articles, or services which provides that such recipient may only obtain such assistance, articles, or services in exchange for any necessary or strategic raw material controlled by such recipient. For the purposes of this section, the term 'necessary or ^"^^^^^^^^^J '"• strategic raw material' includes petroleum, other fossil fuels, metals, strategic ° -""""^ raw "— material. minerals, or any other natural substance which the President deter- mines is in short supply in the United States. "(b) The President shall allocate any necessary or strategic raw material transferred to the United States under this section to any appropriate agency of the United States Government for stockpiling, sale, transfer, disposal, or any other purpose authorized by law. "(c) Funds received from any disposal of materials under subsection (b) shall be deposited as miscellaneous receipts in the United States Treasury." WAIVER OF P R O H I B I T I O N AGAINST ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES ENGAGING I N C E R T A I N TRADE OR S H I P P I N G S E C 33. Chapter 3 of part I I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 664. Waiver of Prohibition Against Assistance to Coun- 22 use 2424. tries Engaging in Certain Trade,—Any provision of this Act which prohibits assistance to a country because that country is engaging in trade with a designated country, or because that country permits ships or aircraft under its registry to transport any equipment, materials, or commodities to or from such designated country, may be waived by the President if he determines that such waiver is in the national interest and reports such determination to the Congress." POLICY W I T H RESPECT TO I N D O C H I N A SEC. 34. (a) The Congress finds that the cease-fire provided for in 22 use 2431 the Paris Agreement on Ending the W a r and Restoring Peace in Vietnam has not been observed by any of the Vietnamese parties to 24 UST 1. the conflict. Military operations of an offensive and defensive nature continue throughout South Vietnam, I n Cambodia, the civil war between insurgent forces and the Lon Nol government has intensified, resulting in widespread human suffering and the virtual destruction of the Cambodian economy, (b) The Congress further finds that continuation of the military struggles in South Vietnam and Cambodia are not in the interest of the parties directly engaged in the conflicts, the people of Indochina or world peace. I n order to lessen the human suffering in Indochina and to bring about a genuine peace there, the Congress urges and requests the President and the Secretary of State to undertake the following measures: (1) to initiate negotiations with representatives of the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China to arrange a mutually agreed-upon and rapid de-escalation of military assistance on the part of the three principal suppliers of arms and material to all Vietnamese and Cambodian parties engaged in conflict; (2) to urge by all available means that the Government of the Khmer Republic ent^r in negotiations with representatives of the
1806 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. Khmer Government of National Union for the purpose of arrang- ing an immediate cease-fire and political settlement of the con- flict; and to use all available means to establish contact with the Khmer Government of National Union, and to urge them to participate in such negotiations. The United States should urge all Cambodian parties to use the good offices of the United Nations or a respected third country for the purpose of bringing an end to hostilities and reaching a political settlement; (3) to utilize any public or private forum to negotiate directly with representatives of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the Provisional Revolutionary Government, and the Republic of Viet- nam to seek a new cease-fire in Vietnam and full compliance with the provisions of the Paris Agreement on Ending the W a r and Restoring Peace in Vietnam, including a full accounting for Americans missing in Indochina; (4) to reconvene the Paris Conference to seek full implementa- 24 UST 1, tion of the provisions of the Agreement of January 27, 1973, on the part of all Vietnamese parties to the conflict; and C(^^^es' *° (5) to maintain regular and full consultation with the appro- priate committees of the Congress and report to the Congress and the Nation at regular intervals on the progress toward obtaining a total cessation of hostilities in Indochina and a mutual reduction of military assistance to that area. P R I N C I P L E S GOVERNING E C O N O M I C AID TO I N D O C H I N A 22 u s e 2431 note. SEC. 35. (a) Congress calls upon the President and Secretary of State to take the following actions designed to maximize the benefit of United States economic assistance: (1) to organize a consortium to include multilateral financial institutions to help plan for Indochina reconstruction and devel- opment; to coordinate multilateral and bilateral contributions to the area's economic recovery; and to provide continuing advice to the recipient nations on the use of their own and outside resources; (2) to develop, in coordination with the recipient governments, other donors, and the multilateral financial institutions, a com- prehensive plan for Indochina reconstruction and economic development; (3) to develop country-by-country reconstruction and develop- ment plans, including detailed plans for the development of individual economic sectors, that can be used to identify and coordinate specific economic development projects and programs and to direct United States resources into areas of maximum benefits; (4) to shift the emphasis of United States aid programs from consumption-oriented expenditures to economic development; (5) to identify possible structural economic reforms in areas such as taxation, exchange rates, savings mechanisms, internal pricing, income distribution, land tenure, budgetary allocations and corruption, which should be undertaken if Indochinese eco- nomic development is to progress; (6) to include in Indochina economic planning and programing specific performance criteria and standards which will enable the Congress and the executive branch to judge the adequacy of the recipient's efforts and to determine whether, and what amounts of. continued United States funding is justified; and
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1807 (7) to provide humanitarian assistance to Indochina wherever practicable under the auspices of and by the United Nations and its specialized agencies, other international organizations or arrangements, multilateral institutions, and private voluntary agencies with a minimum presence and activity of United States Government personnel, (b) This section shall not be construed to imply continuation of a United States financial commitment beyond the authorization pro- vided for in this Act or amendments made by this Act. INDOCHINA POSTWAR RECONSTRUCTION SEC. 36. (a) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Presi- Appropriation, 22 u s e 2432 dent to furnish assistance for the relief and reconstruction of South note. Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, for the fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $617,000,000, Of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1975— (1) $449,900,000 shall be available only for the relief and recon- struction of South Vietnam in accordance with section 38 of this Act; (2) $100,000,000 shall be available only for the relief and reconstruction of Cambodia in accordance with section 39 of this Act; (3) $40,000,000 shall be available only for the relief and recon- struction of Laos in accordance with section 40 of this Act; (4) $4,100,000 shall be available only for the regional develop- ment program; (5) $16,000,000 shall be available only for support costs for the agency primarily responsible for carrying out this p a r t ; and (6) $7,000,000 shall be available only for humanitarian assist- ance through international organizations. Such amounts are authorized to remain available until expended. (b) The authority of section 610(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may not be used in fiscal year 1975 to transfer funds made 22 u s e 2360. available for any provision of such Act of 1961 into funds made avail- able for part V of such Act for South Vietnam, Cambodia, or Laos 22 u s e 2431. under this section. (c) No assistance may be provided to South Vietnam, Cambodia, or Laos in fiscal year 1975 under part I (including chapter 4 of part I I ) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. This prohibition may not be 22 u s e 2151. waived under section 614(a) of such Act of 1961 or any other pro- 22 u s e 2364. vision of law. (d) Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, funds made funds. Transfer of available under any provision of this or any other law for the purpose of providing military assistance for South Vietnam, Laos, or Cambo- dia during fiscal year 1975 may be transferred to, and consolidated with, any funds made available to that country for war relief, recon- struction, or general economic development, if such transfer does not result in a greater amount than is allocated for such country under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection ( a ) . (e) To the extent not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, all prohibitions, restrictions, limitations, and authorities contained in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which are applicable to part V of such note.22 u s e 2151 Act of 1961 shall apply with respect to the assistance authorized by this section.
1808 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. ASSISTANCE TO S O U T H V I E T N A M E S E CHILDREN 22 u s e 2433 note. SEC. 3T. (a) I t is the sense of the Congress that inadequate provision has been made (1) for the establishment, expansion and improvement of day care centers, orphanages, hostels, school feeding programs, health and welfare programs, and training related to these programs which are designed for the benefit of South Vietnamese children, dis- advantaged by hostilities in Vietnam or conditions related to those hostilities, and (2) for the adoption by United States citizens of South Vietnamese children who are orphaned or abandoned, or whose parents or sole surviving parent, as the case may be, has irrevocably relin- quished all parental rights, particularly children fathered by United States citizens. (b) The President is, therefore, authorized to provide assistance, on terms and conditions he considers appropriate, for the purposes described in clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section. Of the funds appropriated pursuant to section 36(a) of this Act, $10,000,000, or its equivalent in local currency, shall be available until expended solely to carry out this section. Not more than 10 per centum of the funds made available to carry out this section may be expended for the purposes referred to in clause (2) of subsection ( a ) . Assistance provided under this section shall be furnished, to the maximum extent practicable, under the auspices of and by international agencies or pri- vate voluntary agencies. L I M I T A T I O N S W I T H RESPECT TO S O U T H VIETNAM 22 u s e 2431 note. SEC. 38. (a) The $449,900,000 made available in accordance with section 36 (a) (1) of this Act shall be allocated as follows: (1) $90,000,000 for humanitarian assistance, of which there shall be available— (A) $70,000,000 for refugee relief; (B) $10,000,000 for child care; and (C) $10,000,000 for health care; (2) $154,500,000 for agricultural assistance, of which there shall be available— (A) $85,000,000 for fertilizer; (B) $12,000,000 for P O L (for agriculture); (C) $6,000,000 for insecticides and pesticides; (D) $10,000,000 for agricultural machinery and equipment (including spare parts) ; (E) $3,500,000 for agricultural advisory services; ( F ) $20,000,000 for rural credit; (G) $10,000,000 for canal dredging; ( H ) $4,000,000 for low-lift pumps; and ( I ) $4,000,000 for fish farm development; (3) $139,800,000 for industrial development assistance of which there shall be available— (A) $124,000,000 for commodities; (B) $10,000,000 for industrial credit; and (C) $5,800,000 for industrial advisory services (including feasibility studies) ; (4) $65,600,000 for miscellaneous assistance, of which there shall be available— (A) $47,900,000 for the service sector (including P O L , machinery equipment, and spare parts) ; and ( B ) $17,700,000 for technical services and operating expenses.
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1809 (b) (1) No funds made available in accordance with section 36(a) (1) may be transferred to, or consolidated with, the funds made avail- able for military assistance, nor may more than 20 per centum of the funds made available under paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of sub- section (a) of this section be transferred to, or consolidated with, the funds made available under any other such paragraph. (2) Whenever the President determines it to be necessary in carry- ing out this section, any funds made available under any subparagraph of paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) of this section may be transferred to, and consolidated with, the funds made available under any other subparagraph of that same paragraph. (3) The President shall fully inform the Speaker of the House of fiJ/t^i"f "'the''" Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate s'peake" and con- of each transfer he intends to make under paragraph (1) or (2) of this gressionai com- subsection prior to making such transfer. ""^ (c) No funds may be obligated for any of the purposes described in subsection (a) of this section in, to, for, or on behalf of South Vietnam in any fiscal year beginning after June 30, 1975, unless such funds have been specifically authorized by law enacted after the date of enactment of this section. In no case shall funds in any amount in excess of the amount specifically authorized by law for any fiscal year be obligated for any such purpose during such fiscal year. (d) After the date of enactment of this section, whenever any Presidential request is made to the Congress for the appropriation of funds for use g^ress. in, to, for, or on behalf of South Vietnam for any fiscal year the Presi- dent shall furnish a written report to the Congress explaining the purpose for which such funds are to be used in such fiscal year. (e) The President shall submit to the Congress within thirty days ^e^ort^to^cl^- after the end of each quarter of each fiscal year, beginning with the gress. fiscal year which begins July 1, 1974, a written report showing the total amount of funds obligated in, to, for, or on behalf of South Vietnam during the preceding quarter by the United States Govern- ment, and shall include in such report a general breakdown of the total amount obligated, describing the different purposes for which such funds were obligated and the total amount obligated for such purpose. (f) (1) Effective six months after the date of enactment of this ofnce*rs''a'nd'em- section, the total number of civilian oncers and employees, including pioyees in south contract employees, of executive agencies of the United States Govern- Vietnam, umita- ment who are citizens of the United States and of members of the Armed Forces of the United States present in South Vietnam shall not at any one time exceed four thousand, not more than two thousand five hundred of whom shall be members of such armed forces and direct hire and contract employees of the Department of Defense. Effective one year after the date of enactment of this section, such total number shall not exceed at any one time three thousand, not more than one thousand five hundred of whom shall be members of such armed forces and direct hire and contract employees of the Department of Defense. (2) Effective six months after the date of enactment of this sec- tion, the United States shall not, at any one time, pay in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, the compensation or allowances of more than eight hundred individuals in South Vietnam who are citizens of countries other than South Vietnam or the United States. Effec- tive one year after the date of enactment of this section, the total number of individuals whose compensation or allowance is so paid shall not exceed at any one time five hundred.
1810 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. "Executive agency of the (3) For purposes of this subsection, "executive agency of the United United States States Government" means any agency, department, board, wholly Government." or partly owned corporation, instrumentality, commission, or estab- lishment within the executive branch of the United States Govern- ment. Nonapplica- (4) This subsection shall not be construed to apply with respect bility. to any individual in South Vietnam who (A) is an employee or vol- unteer worker of a voluntary private, nonprofit relief organization or is an employee or volunteer worker of the International Commit- tee of the Ked Cross, and (B) engages only in activities providing humanitarian assistance in South Vietnam. (g) This section shall not be construed as a commitment by the United States to South Vietnam for- its defense. LIMITATIONS WITH RESPECT TO CAMBODIA 22 u s e 2415. SEC. 39. (a) Section 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows: (1) by striking out "$341,000,000" in subsection (a) and insert- ing "$377,000,000" in lieu thereof. (2) by striking out "1972" in subsection (a) and inserting "1975. Of that sum, there shall be available no more than $200,000,000 for military assistance. In addition to such $377,000,000, defense articles and services may be ordered under section 506 of this Act for Cambodia in an amount not to exceed $75,000,000 in fiscal year 1976." in lieu thereof. (3) by striking out "$341,000,000" in subsection (b) and insert- ing "$377,000,000" in lieu thereof. (4) by striking out "1972" in subsection (b) and inserting "1975" in lieu thereof. 22 u s e 2416. (b) Section 656 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following sentence: "This section shall not be construed to apply with respect to any individual in Cambodia who (A) is an employee or volunteer worker of a voluntary private, nonprofit relief organization or is an employee or volunteer worker of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and (B) engages only in activities providing humanitarian assistance in Cambodia." Allocation. 22 u s e 2415 (c) The $100,000,000 made available in accordance with section note. 36(a) (2) of this Act shall be allocated as follows: (1) $20,000,000 for humanitarian assistance; (2) $63,000,000 for commodity import assistance ; (3) $15,000,000 for multilateral stabilization assistance; and (4) $2,000,000 for technical support and participant training. Restrictions. (d) No funds made available in accordance wnth section 36(a) (2) 22 u s e 2415 note. mav be transferred to, or consolidated with, the funds allocated for Ante, p. 1807. military assistance to Cambodia under section 655(a) of the For- eign Assistance Act of 1961, nor mav more than 20 per centum of the funds made available under any paragraph of subsection (c) of this section be transferred to, or consolidated with, the funds made avail- able under any other such paragraph. 22 u s e 2415 (e) No funds mav be obligated for any of the purposes described note. in section 655(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 in, to, for, or on behalf of Cambodia in any fiscal year beginninq after June 30, 1975, unless such funds have been specificallv authorized by law enacted after the date of enactment of this section. In no case shall funds in any amount in excess of the amount specifically authorized by law for anv fiscal year be obligated for any such purpose during such fiscal vear.
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1811 (f) This section shall not be construed as a commitment by the 22 u s e 2415 ote. United States to Cambodia for its defense. LIMITATIONS WITH RESPECT TO LAOS 22 u s e 2431 SEC. 40. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no fmids note. authorized to be appropriated by this or any other law may be obli- gated in any amount in excess of $70,000,000 during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, for the purpose of carrying out directly or indirectly any economic or military assistance, or any operation, proj- ect, or program of any kind, or for providing any goods, supplies, materials, equipment, services, personnel, or advisers in, to, for, or on behalf of Laos. Of that amount, there shall be available— (1) $30,000,000 for military assistance; and (2) $40,000,000 only for economic assistance, of which there shall be available^— (A) $11,000,000 for humanitarian assistance; (B) $6,500,000 for reconstruction and development assistance; (C) $16,100,000 for stabilization assistance; and (D) $6,400,000 for technical support. (b) No funds made available under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this section may be transferred to, or consolidated with, the , _ ,. funds made available under paragraph (1) of such subsection, nor may more than 20 per centum of the funds made available under any subparagraph of paragraph (2) be transferred to, or consolidated with, the funds made available under any other such subparagraph. (c) I n computing the limitations on obligation authority under subsection (a) of this section with respect to such fiscal year, there shall be included in the computation the value of any goods, supplies, materials, equipment, services, personnel, or advisers provided, to, for, or on behalf of Laos in such fiscal year by gift, donation, loan, lease or otherwise. For the purpose of this subsection, "value" means "vaiue." the fair market value of any goods, supplies, materials, or equipment provided to, for, or on behalf of Laos but in no case less than 331/^ per centum of the amount the United States paid at the time such goods, supplies, materials, or equipment were acquired by the United States. (d) No funds may be obligated for any of the purposes described in subsection (a) of this section in, to, for, or on behalf of Laos in any fiscal year beginning after June 30, 1975, unless such funds have been specifically authorized by law enacted after the date of enact- ment of this section. In no case shall funds in any amount in excess of the amount specifically authorized by law for any fiscal year be obli- gated for any such purpose during such fiscal year. (e) After the date of enactment of this section, whenever any request Report to is made to the Congress for the appropriation of funds for use in, to, ""s""^^^* for, or on behalf of Laos, for any fiscal year, the President shall furnish a written i-eport to the Congress explaining the purpose for which such funds are to be used in such fiscal year. (f) The President shall submit to the Congress within thirty days re^ort^to^cl^^ after the end of each quai-ter of each fiscal year beginning with the g r e s s . fiscal year which begins July 1, 1974, a written report showing the total amount of funds obligated in, to, for, or on behalf of Laos during the preceding quarter by the United States Government and shall include in such report a general breakdoAvn of the total amount obli- gated, describing the different purposes for which such funds were obligated and the total amount obligated for such purpose.
1812 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. (g) This section shall not be construed as a commitment by the United States to Laos for its defense. P O P U L A T I O N , NARCOTICS, I N T E R N A T I O N A L H U M A N I T A R I A N A N D REGIONAL PROGRAMS SEC. 41. P a r t V of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: 22 u s e 2 4 3 5 . "SEC. 806. Population, Narcotics, International Humanitarian and Regional Programs.—The provisions of sections 36(c), 38, 39, and 40 Ante, pp. 1807, of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1974 shall not apply t o : (1) funds 1808, 1810, 1811. 22 use 2219. obligated for purposes of title X of chapter 2 of part I (programs relating to population growth) ; (2) funds made available under sec- 22 use 2291a. tion 482 (programs relating to narcotics control); (3) funds made available for humanitarian assistance through international organiza- tions; or (4) funds obligated for regional programs." ASSISTANCE TO T H E MIDDLE EAST SEC. 42. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new p a r t : "PART VI 22 use 2441, "SEC. 901. Statement of Policy.—The Congress recognizes that a peaceful and lasting resolution of the divisive issues that have con- tributed to tension and conflict between nations in the Middle East is essential to the security of the United States and the cause of world peace. The Congress declares and finds that the United States can and should play a constructive role in securing a just and durable peace in the Middle East by facilitating increased understanding between the Arab nations and Israel, and by assisting the nations in the area in their efforts to achieve economic progress and political stability, which are the essential foundations for a just and durable peace. I t is the sense of Congress that United States assistance programs in the Middle East should be designated to promote mutual respect and secu- rity among the nations in the area and to foster a climate conducive to increased economic development, thereby contributing to a commu- nity of free, secure, and prospering nations in the Middle East. " I t is further the sense of Congress that none of the funds authorized by this Act should be provided to any nation which denies its citizens the right or opportunity to emigrate. 22 use 2442. "SEC. 902. Allocations.— (a) Of the funds appropriated to carry 22 use 2311. out chapter 2 of part I I of this Act during the fiscal year 1975, not to exceed $100,000,000 may be made available for military assistance in the Middle East. " ( b ) Of the funds appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part I I 22 use 2346. of this Act during the fiscal year 1975, not to exceed $652,000,000 may be made available for security supporting assistance in the Middle East. "(c) Of the aggregate ceiling on credits and guaranties established 22 use 2771, by section 31(b) of the Foreign Military Sales Act during the fiscal year 1975, not to exceed $330,000,000 shall be available for countries in the Middle East. 22 use 2443. "SEC. 903. (a) Special Requirements Fund.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for the fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $100,000,000 to furnish assistance under part I of this Act to meet special requirements arising from time to time in carrying out the purposes of this part, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes. The funds authorized to be appropriated by this section shall
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1813 be available for use by the President for assistance authorized by such part in accordance with the provisions applicable to the furnishing of such assistance. Such funds are authorized to remain available until expended. " ( b ) The President may only obligate or expend, for each foreign country or international organizations, funds authorized under this section— " ( 1 ) after he reports to the Speaker of House of Represent- re^ort^toTplaker atives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee of the House and on Appropriations of the Senate concerning (A) the name of such ^"1^^^^^^^^^°"^^ foreign country or international organizations, (B) the amount of such funds to be made available to such country or organization, and (C) the purpose for which such funds are to be made available to such country or organization; and "(2) unless the Congress, within thirty calendar days after receiving any report under paragraph (1), adopts a concurrent resolution stating in substance that it does not favor the provisions of the report provided by clauses ( A ) , ( B ) , and (C) of para- graph (1). "(c) Of the amount authorized under subsection ( a ) , not less than $6,000,000 shall constitute a contribution by the United States toward the settlement of the deficit of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Middle East, if the President determines that a reasonable number of other countries will contribute a fair share toward the settlement of such deficit within a reasonable period of time after the date of enactment of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1974. In determining such fair share, the President shall take into consideration the economic position of each such country. Such $6,000,000 shall be in addition to any other contribution to such Agency by the United States pursuant to any other provision of law." N U C L E A R POWERPLAlSTTS SEC. 43. None of the funds authorized by this Act may be used to ^^^l ^^^ ^"^^^ finance the construction of, the operation or maintenance of, or the supply of fuel for any nuclear powerplant in Israel or Egypt, which has been approved under an agreement for cooperation between the United States and either such country. ASSISTANCE TO UNFTED ARAB R E P U B L I C SEC. 44. Section 620(p) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is Repeal. repealed. ' ' ""^^ " ' ° - FOREIGN M I L I T A R Y SALES ACT AMENDMENTS SEC. 45(a). The Foreign Military Sales Act is amended as follows: (1) Section 3(d) is amended to read as follows: 22usc2753. " ( d ) A country shall remain ineligible in accordance with subsec- tion (c) of this section until such time as the President determines that such violation has ceased, that the country concerned has given assurances satisfactory to the President that such violation will not recur, and that, if such violation involved the transfer of sophisticated weapons without the consent of the President, such weapons have been returned to the country concerned." (2) Section 23 is amended to read as follows: ^^ ^^'^ '^'^^^' "SEC. 23. Credit Sales.—The President is authorized to finance pro- curements of defense articles and defense services by friendly foi'oigii 38-194 O - 76 - 32 Pt. 2
1814 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. countries and international organizations on terms requiring the pay- ment to the United States Government in United States dollars of— "(1) the value of such articles or services within a period not to exceed ten years after the delivery of such articles or the ren- dering of such services; and "(2) interest on the unpaid balance of that obligation for pay- ment of the value of such articles or services, at a rate equivalent to the current average interest rate, as of the last day of the month preceding the financing of such procurement, that the United States Government pays on outstanding marketable obligations of comparable maturity, unless the President certifies to Con- gress that the national interest requires a lesser rate of interest and states in the certification the lesser rate so required and the justification therefor." 22 u s e 2764. (3) In subsections (a) and (b) of section 24, the parenthetical phrase in each is amended to read as follows: "(excluding United States Government agencies other than the Federal Financing Bank)". (4) Section 24(c) is amended by striking out "25" both times it appears and inserting "10" both such times in lieu thereof. Repeal. (5) Section 35(b) is repealed, and section 36 is amended by inserting 22 u s e 2775,' 2776. before subsection (c) the following new subsections: Jicies^o'^^IeZ^ " ( a ) The President shall submit to the Speaker of the House of ices, reports to Representatives and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign H^u^se^and c^Tn- Relatious of the Senate quarterly renorts containing— gressionai com- " (1) a llstiug of all lettcrs of offer to sell any defense articles or '"i"^^' services under this Act, if such offer has not been accepted or canceled; "(2) a cumulative listing of all such letters of offer to sell that have been accepted during the fiscal year in which such report is submitted; "(3) the cumulative dollar amounts, by foreign country and 22 u s e 2763. international organization, of credit sales under section 23 and guaranty agreements under section 24 made before the submission of such quarterly report and during the fiscal year in which such report is submitted; and "(4) projections of the cumulative dollar amounts, by foreign country and international organization, of credit sales under sec- tion 23 and guaranty agreements under section 24 to be made in the quarter of the fiscal year immediately following the quarter for which such report is submitted. For each letter of offer to sell under paragraphs (1) and (2), the report shall specify (A) the foreign country or international orga- nization to which the defense article or service is offered, (B) the dol- lar amount of the offer to sell under paragraph (1) or of the completed sale under paragraph (2), (C) a brief description of the defense arti- cle or service offered, (D) the United States armed force which is making the offer to sell, (E) the date of such offer, and ( F ) the date of any acceptance under paragraph (2). Presidential " (b) In the case of any letter of offer to sell any defense articles or statement, sub- mittai to Speaker serviccs uuder this Act for $25,000,000 or more, before issuing such of the House and letter of offcr the President shall submit to the Speaker of the House committee. of Representatives and to the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a statement with respect to such offer to sell containing the information specified in subparagraphs (A) through (E) in subsection ( a ) . The letter of offer shall not be issued if the Congress, within twenty calendar days after receiving any such state- ment, adopts a concurrent resolution stating in effect that it objects
88 STAT. PTIBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1815 to such proposed sale, unless the President in his statement certifies that an emergency exists which requires such sale in the national security interests of the United States." (6) Section 31(a) is amended by striking out "$325,000,000 for the 22 u s e 2 7 7 1 . fiscal year 1974" and inserting in lieu thereof "$405,000,000 for the fiscal year 1975". (7) I n section 31(b)— (A) strike out "$730,000,000 for the fiscal year 1974" and insert in lieu thereof "$872,500,000 for the fiscal year 1975"; and (B) add at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Of the funds made available under subsection (a) of this section, $100,000,000 shall first be obligated with respect to financing the procurement of defense articles and defense services by Israel under section 23 of this Act, except that Israel shall be released Ante, p . 1813. from contractual liability to repay the United States Govern- ment for the defense articles and defense services so financed." (8) I n section 33— 22 u s e 2 7 7 3 . (A) subsection (a) is repealed; Repeal. (B) subsection (b) is redesignated as subsection ( a ) ; and (C) a new subsection (b) is added as follows: Presidential " ( b ) The President may waive the limitations of this section when waiver of limita- he determines it to be important to the security of the United States t i o n s . and promptly so reports to the Speaker of the House of Representa- Speaker Report to of the tives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate." House and con- (b) The amendment made by paragraph (4) of subsection (a) shall gressionai com- take effect on July 1,1974. Obligations initially charged against appro- "" Ef^fective date priations made available for purposes authorized by section 31(a) of 22 u s e 2764 the Foreign Military Sales Act after June 30, 1974, and prior to the n o t e . enactment of this section in an amount equal to 25 per centum of the principal amount of contractual liability related to guaranties issued pursuant to section 24(a) of that Act shall be adjusted to reflect such 22 u s e 2764. amendment with proper credit to the appropriations made available in the fiscal year 1975 to carry out that Act. SECURITY ASSISTANCE A N D H U M A N RIGHTS SEC. 46. Chapter 1 of part I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 502B. Human Rights.—(a) I t is the sense of Congress that, 22 u s e 2304. except in extraordinary circumstances, the President shall substan- tially reduce or terminate security assistance to any government w^hich engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, including torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; prolonged detention without charges; or other flagrant denials of the right to life, liberty, and the security of the person. "(b) Whenever proposing or furnishing security assistance to any government falling within the provisions of paragraph ( a ) , the Presi- dent shall advise the Congress of the extraordinary circumstances necessitating the assistance. "(c) In determining whether or not a government falls within the provisions of subsection ( a ) , consideration shall be given to the extent of cooperation by such government in permitting an unimpeded investigation of alleged violations of internationally recognized human rights by appropriate international organizations, including the Inter- national Committee of the Red Cross and any body acting under the authority of the United Nations or of the Organization of American States.
1816 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. sistancT"^ ^^' "(cl) For purposes of this section, 'security assistance' means assist- 22 use 2161, ance under chapter 2 (military assistance) or chapter 4 (security sup- 2431' ^^^^' ^^^^' P5>rting assistance) of this part, assistance under part V (Indochina Ante, p. 1812. Postwar Keconstructiou) or part V I (Middle East Peace) of this Act, 22 use 2 751 sales under the Foreign Military Sales Act, or assistance for public note safety under this or any other Act." GORGAS M E M O R I A L INSTITUTE SEC. 47. The first section of the Act entitled "An Act to authorize a permanent annual appropriation for the maintenance and operation 22 u s e 2 7 8 . of the Gorgas Memorial", approved May 7, 1928, is amended by strik- ing out "$500,000" and inserting "$2,000,000" in lieu thereof. I N T E R N A T I O N A L COMMISSION OF CONTROL A N D SUPPiRVISION I N V I E T N A M 2^2^ijsc"2'*43'i"^' ^^^* '^^' ^^) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Depart- note. ment of State for fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $16,526,000 for pay- ments by the United States to help meet expenses of the International Commission of Control and Supervision m Vietnam. Funds appro- priated under this subsection are authorized to be made available for reimbursement to the Agency for International Development of amounts expended by the Agency during fiscal year 1975 as interim United States payments to help meet expenses of the International Commission of Control and Supervision. (b) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of State not to exceed $11,200,000 for reimbursement to the Agency for International Development of amounts expended by the Agency for International Development to help meet expenses of the International Commission on Control and Supervision in fiscal year 1974. (c) Reimbursements received by the Agency for International Development under this section may be credited to applicable appro- priations of the Agency and shall be available for the purposes for which such appropriations are authorized to be used during fiscal year 1975. POLICY ON ASSISTANCE TO AFRICA 22 u s e 2166 note. SEC. 49. The President is requested to review the regional allocation of economic development assistance and to increase Africa's share of the Agency for International Development loans and grants. A special effort should be made to provide more assistance to the sixteen of the world's twenty-five least developed countries that are in Africa and to the fourteen African nations that are judged to be most seriously Presidential affected by rising costs of food and fuel. The President is requested to report to e o n - gres's. " " make a report to Congress on action taken to provide the developing countries of Africa with an equitable share of United States economic assistance at the time that the Agency for International Develop- ment's operational year budget for fiscal year 1975 is submitted to Congress and again with the submission to Congress of the proposed Agency for International Development budget for fiscal year 1976. P O L I C l ON T H E I N D E P E N D E N C E OF ANGOLA, M O Z A M B I Q U E , AND GUINEA-BISSAU 22 u s e 2166 S E C 50. (a) (1) Congress finds that the Government of Portugal's note. recognition of the right to independence of the African territories of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau marks a significant advance toward the goal of self-determination for all the peoples of Africa, without which peace on the continent is not secure.
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1817 (2) Congress finds that progress toward independence for the Por- tuguese African territories will have a significant impact on the inter- national organizations and the community of nations. (3) Congress commends the Portuguese Government's initiatives on these fronts as evidence of a reaffirmation of that Government's sup- port for her obligations under both the United Nations Charter and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. (b) Therefore, Congress calls upon the President and the Secretary of State to take the following actions designed to make clear United States support for a peaceful and orderly transition to independence in the Portuguese African territories: (1) An official statement should be issued of United States sup- port for the independence of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea- Bissau, and of our desire to have good relations with the future governments of the countries. (2) I t should be made clear to the Government of Portugal that we view the efforts toward a peaceful and just settlement of the conflict in the African territories as consistent with Portugal's obligations under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization partnership. (3) The United States should encourage United Nations sup- port for a peaceful transition to independence, negotiated settle- ment of all differences, and the protection of human rights of all citizens of the three territories. (4) The United States should open a dialog with potential lead- ers of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau and assure them of our commitment to their genuine political and economic independence. (5) The economic development needs of the three territories will be immense when independence is achieved. Therefore, it is urged that the United States Agency for International Develop- ment devote attention to assessing the economic situation in Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau and be ready to cooperate with the future governments in providing the kind of assistance that will help make their independence viable. In addi- tion, the United States Government should take the initiative among other donors, both bilateral and multilateral, in seeking significant contribution of development assistance for the three territories. (6) In light of the need of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea- Bissau for skilled and educated manpower, a priority consider- ation should be given to expanding current United States programs of educational assistance to the territories as a timely and substantive contribution to their independence. (c) Reports should be submitted to the Congress on the implemen- ^^^Jl°''^^ Congress. '° tation of the proposals set forth in subsection (b) and Congress should be kept fully informed on developments in United States policy toward the independence of the Portuguese African territories, C O N V E N T I O N A L ARMS TRADE SEC. 51. (a) I t is the sense of the Congress that the recent growth o22 te. use 2551 in international transfers of conventional arms to developing nations— " (1) is a cause for grave concern for the United States and other nations in that in particular areas of the world it increases the danger of potential violence among nations, and diverts scarce world resources from more peaceful uses; and (2) could be controlled progressively through negotiations and agreements among supplier and recipient nations.
1818 PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. (b) Therefore, the President is urged to propose to the Geneva Conference of the Committee on Disarmament that it consider as a high priority agenda item discussions among participating nations of that Conference for the purposes of— (1) agreeing to workable limitations on conventional arms transfers; and (2) establishing a mechanism through which such limitations could be effectively monitored. cfrT resV° (^) "^^^ President shall transmit to the Congress not later than six months after the enactment of this Act a report setting forth the steps he has taken to carry out this section. I N V O L V E M E N T OF PUERTO RICO I N T H E CARIBBEAN D E V E L O P M E N T B A N K SEC. 52. (a) The President may transmit to the Caribbean Develop- ment Bank an instrument stating that the Commonwealth of Puerto Kico has the authority to conclude an agreement of accession with such Bank and to assume rights and obligations pursuant to such agree- ment. However, such agreement may only be concluded after it has been approved by the United States Secretary of State. (b) The instrument transmitted by the President to the Caribbean Development Bank under subsection (a) shall state that the United States shall not assume any financial or other responsibility for the performance of any obligation incurred by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico pursuant to such agreement of accession or pursuant to any other aspect of its membership or participation in such Bank. (c) Such agreement of accession shall provide that the Common- wealth of Puerto Rico may not receive from the Caribbean Develop- ment Bank any funds provided to the Bank by the United States. ASSISTANCE TO PORTUGAL A N D PORTUGUESE COLONIES I N AFRICA G A I N I N G INDEPENDENCE SEC. 53. P a r t I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "Chapter X—Assistance to Portugal and Portuguese Colonies in Africa Gaining Independence 22 use 2293. "SEC. 496. Assistance to Portugal and Portuguese Colonies in Africa Gaining Independence.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for the fiscal year 1975, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, not to exceed— " (1) $5,000,000 to make grants; and " (2) $20,000,000 to make loans; to remain available until expended, for use by the President in pro- viding economic assistance, on such terms and conditions as he may determine, for Portugal and the countries and colonies in Africa which were, prior to April 25, 1974, colonies of Portugal." I N T E G R A T I O N OF W O M E N SEC. 54. Chapter 3 of part I I I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: 22 use 2225. "SEC. 305. Integration of Women.—^The President is requested to instruct each representative of the United States to each international organization of which the United States is a member (including but not limited to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Develop- ment, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development
88 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 93-559-DEC. 30, 1974 1819 Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) to carry out their duties with respect to such organizations in such a manner as to encourage and promote the integration of women into the national economies of member and recipient countries and into professional and policy-making positions within such organizations, thereby improv- ing the status of women." POLICY W I T H RESPECT TO COUNTRIES MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED BY FOOD SHORTAGES SEC. 55. (a) The United Nations has designated thirty-two coun- 22 use 2175 tries as "Most Seriously Affected" by the current economic crisis. These "°'^' are countries without the internal food production capability or the foreign exchange availability to secure food to meet their immediate food requirements. The Congress calls upon the President and Secre- tary of State to take the following actions designed to mobilize appro- priate resources to meet the food emergency: (1) Review and make appropriate adjustments in the level of programming of our food and fertilizer assistance programs with the aim of increasing to the maximum extent feasible the volume of food and fertilizer available to those countries most seriously affected by current food shortages. (2) Call upon all traditional and potential new donors of food, fertilizer, or the means of financing these commodities to immedi- ately increase their participation in efforts to address the emergency food needs of the developing world. (3) Make available to these most seriously affected countries the maximum feasible volume of food commodities, with appro- priate regard to the current domestic price and supply situations. (4) Maintain regular and full consultation with the appro- priate committees of the Congress and report to the Congress and c^^^esV° the Nation on steps which are being taken to help meet this food emergency. In accordance with this provision, the President shall ^^'"^.^j^^"''^^ report to the Congress on a global assessment of food needs for greport ress. to Con- fiscal year 1975, specifying expected food grain deficits and cur- rently planned programming of food assistance, and steps which are being taken to encourage other countries to increase their par- ticipation in food assistance or the financing of food assistance. Such report should reach the Congress promptly and should be supplemented quarterly for the remainder of fiscal year 1975. (5) The Congress directs that during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, not more than 30 percent of concessional food aid should be allocated to countries other than those which are most seriously affected by current food shortages, unless the Presi- dent demonstrates to the appropriate Committees of the Congress that the use of such food assistance is solely for humanitarian food purposes. (6) The Congress calls upon the President to proceed with the implementation of resolutions and recommendations adopted by the World Food Conference. The Congress believes that it is incumbent upon the United States to take a leading role in assisting in the development of a viable and coherent world food policy which would begin the task of alleviating widespread hunger and suffering prevalent in famine-stricken nations. The Presidential President shall report to the Congress within 120 days of enact- report to Con- ment of this Act on the implementation of the resolutions and the extent to which the United States is participating in the
1820 PUBLIC LAW 93-560-DEC. 30, 1974 [88 STAT. implementation of resolutions adopted at the World Food Con- ference. REPAYMENT OF LOANS I N DEFAT7LT 22 u s e 2370 note. SEC. 56. I t is the sense of the Congress that any country receiving 22 u s e 2151 assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which is in default, note. at least 90 days prior to the date of enactment of this Act, of any pay- ment of principal or interest due on any loan or credit received from the United States shall promptly pay all such principal and interest. I t is further the sense of the Congress that the President shall promptly enter into negotiations with each such country to help effectuate the payment of such principal and interest, or to effectuate the transfer by such country to the United States of goods, services, concessions, or actions beneficial to the United States, in lieu of the payment of such principal and interest. Approved December 30, 1974. Public Law 93-560 December 30,1974 AN ACT [H. R. 7978] To declare that certain federally owned lands shall be held by the United States in trust for the Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Reservation, Arizona, and for other purposes. Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the Indians, United States of America iii Congress assembled, That, subject to Hualapai Tribe, Ariz. all valid existing rights-of-way, all of the right, title, and interest o,f Lands in t r u s t . the United States in and to the following described lands, containing 794.95 acres, more or less, and all federally owned buildings and improvements thereon are hereby declared to be held by the United State in trust for the Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Reser- vation, Arizona, subject to the continued right of the United States to use such land, buildings, and improvements so long as needed for Description. Indian agency and administrative purposes: Northwest quarter, section 15, and all of section 10, township 23 north, range 13 west, Gila and Salt River base and meridian, Arizona, excepting a tract of land containing 5.05 acres, more or less, which is seven hundred thirty feet long and three hundred feet wide, lying along and adjacent to the southeasterly bound- ary line of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway in the southeast quarter of section 10, township 23 north, range 13 west, Gila and Salt River base and meridian, and which tract is more particularly described in the Act of October 25, 1949 (63 Stat. 1205), as amended by the Act of June 23, 1970 (84 Stat. 2109). Administration. SEC. 2. The lands subject to this Act shall be administered in accord- ance with the laws and regulations applicable to Indian tribal lands. Claims offset SEC. 3. The Indian Claims Commission is directed to determine in a g a i n s t U.S. accordance with the provisions of the Act of August 13,1946 (60 Stat. 60 Stat. 1050. 150), the extent to which value of the title conveyed should or should 25 u s e 70a. not be set off against any claim against the United States determined by the Commission. Approved December 30, 1974.