Library of Congress Summary
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
Nuclear Explosive Proliferation Control Act - Declares it the policy of the United States to:
(1) actively pursue the establishment of international nuclear proliferation controls;
(2) insure that United States participation in international commerce conforms with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Weapons and the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency; and
(3) encourage all nations to ratify the Treaty. Requires that United States policy incorporate initiatives for international nuclear cooperation and nonproliferation which include
(1) a requirement that nuclear fuel service agreements conform to the nuclear material and contract restrictions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954;
(2) international negotiations to assure and safeguard the peaceful use of nuclear materials and technology; and
(3) financial and technical support for the International Atomic Energy Agency. Directs the President to take the steps necessary to implement such policy.
Directs the Energy Research and Development Administration, in consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, to establish and operate a safeguards and physical security training program for countries acquiring nuclear materials or equipment.
Amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to revise procedural requirements for the approval of proposed agreements for nuclear cooperation with other nations.
Requires that such agreements be submitted to the President and include prohibitions against the use of atomic material for any nuclear explosive device, and that such programs not be undertaken until certain guarantees are made relating to consultation with the United States on safeguards, control mechanisms, and assurances of peaceful use.
Requires the Secretary of State to negotiate any proposed agreement for cooperation, with the assistance and concurrence of the Administrator of Energy Research and Development. Directs the Secretary and the Administrator to submit, after consultation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, any proposed agreement to the President with the recommendations of the Secretary and the Administrator and the views and findings of the Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Exempts agreements for cooperation made prior to the effective date of this Act from such requirements.
Amends the requirements concerning Congressional approval of such agreements for cooperation to mandate referral to the House of Representatives Committee on International Relations and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations as well as the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, and to revise the time allotted for Congressional consideration.
Requires the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, upon submission of such proposed agreement to such Committees, to furnish the Committees with its views regarding the adequacy of the safeguards contained in the agreement.
Directs the Energy Research and Development Administration, prior to entering into any subsequent arrangements under such agreements for cooperation, to obtain the concurrence of the Secretary of State and to give full consideration to the recommendations of the concerned agencies in order to assure that such subsequent arrangements are consistent with the agreement for cooperation and with nonproliferation policy.
Amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to limit the authority of the Energy Research and Development Administration to distribute special nuclear material to not more than 500 grams per year to any recipient, except under an export license issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or certain Presidential authorization and only under certain circumstances.
Amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to require authorization for the production of special nuclear material outside the United States by the Administrator of Energy Research and Development (rather than, as at present, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission), after consultation with the Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Prohibits the issuance of any license by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the export of any production or utilization facility, any source material or special nuclear material, or the granting of any exemption from any requirement for such an export license, until the Commission has furnished a copy of such application or proposed exemption to the Secretary of State, and has been notified by the Secretary that the issuance of the license or grant of the exemption will not be inimical to the common defense and security.
Requires the Secretary of State, in making such judgment, to obtain the views of other concerned departments and agencies, in accordance with procedures established by the President. Stipulates that no court shall have any jurisdiction under any law to compel the performance of, or to review the adequacy of the performance of, any Nuclear Proliferation Assessment Statement required under this Act. Sets forth the nonproliferation principles by which the export of nuclear material for peaceful purposes, production or utilization facilities, or technology which could be of significance for nuclear explosive purposes shall be controlled until binding international agreements have effectuated the requirements of this Act. Prohibits the issuance of any nuclear export license by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the distribution of any source or special nuclear material by the Energy Research and Development Administration until such agencies have determined that such principles will be adhered to by the recipient country or group of nations and until the Department of State and other concerned agencies have adjudged such export to be not inimical to United States defense and security.
Requires the Commission
(1) to publish its decision and the reasons therefor when it does not issue a nuclear export license which the Secretary of State has found will not be inimical to United States defense and security, and
(2) to submit the license application to the President. Requires that subsequent Presidential approval of such export be based upon determinations that withholding the proposed license would be seriously prejudicial to nonproliferation objectives or would jeopardize the common defense and security.
Requires the President to take immediate steps to assure the consummation of binding international agreements in which all nations commit themselves to specified criteria for their international nuclear trade to assure non-proliferation of nuclear explosive devices.
Requires the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration to apply such criteria to its approval of applications for export of nuclear materials or facilities for peaceful purposes upon the effective date of such international arrangements.
Amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to permit the Commission to issue licenses for domestic production, transfer, or acquisition activities related to utilization or production facilities, where such a license does not pose an unreasonable risk to common defense and security.
Authorizes the Commission to determine which items are intended for use in such facilities and require a license.
Prohibits export of such an item without a license for export issued by the Commission, except those exports approved by the President in accordance with this Act. Requires the Commission to publish regulations for implementation of such procedures.
Prohibits the issuance of such a license if the Commission is advised by the executive branch that such export would be inimical to the common defense and security.
Requires the President to publish procedures for the control by the Department of Commerce over all export items of significance for nuclear explosive purposes which are not licensed by the Commission. Directs the President:
(1) to review the activities of Government departments and agencies relating to the nonproliferation of nuclear explosive devices; and
(2) to make an annual report to Congress on such activities.
Specifies the information to be included in such report and in the annual reports to Congress required of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Directs the Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the Department of Commerce to keep the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, and the House of Representatives Committee on International Relations informed of their activities to effectuate this Act. Authorizes the appropriation of $2,000,000 for contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency for safeguard activities.
Authorizes the additional appropriation of $2,500,000 to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for fiscal year 1977 for export licensing functions.
House Democratic Caucus Summary
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