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S. 522 (94th): Indian Health Care Improvement Act

The text of the bill below is as of Sep 30, 1976 (Passed Congress).


90 STAT. 1400                      PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976

                  Public Law 94-437
                  94th Congress
                                                    An Act
 Sept. 30, 1976   To implement the Federal responsibility for the care and education of the Indian
    [S. 522]        people by improving the services and facilities of Federal Indian health pro-
                   grams and encouraging maximum participation of Indians in such programs,
                    and for other purposes.

                    Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the
Indian Health     United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may
Care              be cited as the "Indian Health Care Improvement Act".
Improvement
Act                                                 FINDINGS
25 u s e 1601
note.               SEC. 2. The Congress finds that—
25 u s e 1601.       (a) Federal health services to maintain and improve the health of
                  the Indians are consonant with and required by the Federal Govern-
                  ment's historical and unique legal relationship with, and resulting
                  responsibility to, the American Indian people.
                     (b) A major national goal of the United States is to provide the
                  quantity and quality of health services which will permit the health
                  status of Indians to be raised to the highest possible level and to
                  encourage the maximum participation of Indians in the planning and
                  management of those services.
                     (c) Federal health services to Indians have resulted in a reduction
                  in the prevalence and incidence of preventable illnesses among, and
                  unnecessary and premature deaths of, Indians.
                     (d) Despite such services, the unmet health needs of the American
                  Indian people are severe and the health status of the Indians is far
                  below that of the general population of the United States. For example,
                  for Indians compared to all Americans in 1971, the tuberculosis death
                  rate was over four and one-half times greater, the influenza and pneu-
                  monia death rate over one and one-half times greater, and the infant
                  death rate approximately 20 per centum greater.
                     (e) All other Federal services and programs in fulfillment of the
                  Federal responsibility to Indians are jeopardized by the low health
                  status of the American Indian people.
                     (f) Further improvement in Indian health is imperiled by—
                           (1) inadequate, outdated, inefficient, and undermanned facil-
                       ities. For example, only twenty-four of fifty-one Indian Health
                        Service hospitals are accredited by the Joint Commission on
                       Accreditation of Hospitals; only thirty-one meet national fire and
                       safety codes; and fifty-two locations with Indian populations have
                       been identified as requiring either new or replacement health
                       centers and stations, or clinics remodeled for improved or addi-
                       tional service;
                           (2) shortage of personnel. For example, about one-half of the
                       Service hospitals, four-fifths of the Service hospital outpatient
                       clinics, and one-half of the Service health clinics meet only 80 per
                       centum of staffing standards for their respective services;
                          (3) insufficient services in such areas as laboratory, hospital
                       inpatient and outpatient, eye care and mental health services, and
                       services available through contracts with private physicians, clin-
                       ics, and agencies. For example, about 90 per centum of the surgical
                       operations needed for otitis media have not been performed, over
                       57 per centum of required dental services remain to be provided,
                        and about 98 per centum of hearing aid requirements are unmet;
                           (4) related support factors. For example, over seven hundred
                       housing units are needed for staff at remote Service facilities;

PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1401 (5) lack of access of Indians to health services due to remote residences, undeveloped or underdeveloped communication and transportation systems, and difficult, sometimes severe, climate conditions; and (6) lack of safe water and sanitary waste disposal services. For example, over thirty-seven thousand four hundred existing and forty-eight thousand nine hundred and sixty planned replace- - ment and renovated Indian housing units need new or upgraded water and sanitation facilities. (g) The Indian people's growth of confidence in Federal Indian health services is revealed by their increasingly heavy use of such services. Progress toward the goal of better Indian health is depend- ent on this continued growth of confidence. Both such progress and such confidence are dependent on improved Federal Indian health services. DECLARATION OF POLICY SEC. 3. The Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of this 25 USC 1602. Nation, in fulfillment of its special responsibilities and legal obliga- tion to the American Indian people, to meet the national goal of providing the highest possible health status to Indians and to provide existing Indian health services with all resources necessary to effect that policy. ;; o DEFINITIONS SEC. 4. For purposes of this Act— 25 USC 1603. (a) "Secretary", unless otherwise designated, means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. (b) "Service" means the Indian Health Service. (c) "Indians" or "Indian", unless otherwise designated, means any person who is a member of an Indian tribe, as defined in subsection (d) hereof, except that, for the purpose of sections 102, 103, and 201 (c)(5), such terms shall mean any individual who (1), irrespective of whether he or she lives on or near a reservation, is a member of a tribe, band, or other organized group of Indians, including those tribes, bands, or groups terminated since 1940 and those recognized now or in the future by the State in which they reside, or who is a descendant, in the first or second degree, of any such mem- ber, or (2) is an Eskimo or Aleut or other Alaska Native, or (3) is considered by the Secretary of the Interior to be an Indian for any purpose, or (4) is determined to be an Indian under regulations promulgated by the Secretary. (d) "Indian tribe" means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaska Native village or group or regional or village corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (85 Stat. 688), 43 USC 1601 which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services °o*®- provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians. (e) "Tribal organization" means the elected governing body of any Indian tribe or any legally established organization of Indians which is controlled by one or more such bodies or by a board of directors elected or selected by one or more such bodies (or elected by the Indian population to be served by such organization) and which includes the maximum participation of Indians in all phases of its activities. (f) "Urban Indian" means any individual who resides in an urban center, as defined in subsection (g) hereof, and who meets one or more
90 STAT. 1402 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 of the four criteria in subsection (c) (1) through (4) of this section. (g) " U r b a n center" means any community which has a sufficient urban I n d i a n population with unmet health needs to w a r r a n t assist- ance under title V, as determined by the Secretary. (h) " U r b a n I n d i a n organization" means a nonprofit corporate body situated in an urban center, composed of urban Indians, and providing for the maximum participation of all interested I n d i a n groups and individuals, which body is capable of legally cooperating with other public and private entities for the purpose of performing the activities described in section 503 ( a ) . TITLE I—INDIAN H E A L T H MANPOWER PURPOSE 25 u s e 1611. SEC. 101. The purpose of this title is to augment the inadequate number of health professionals serving I n d i a n s and remove the mul- tiple barriers to the entrance of health professionals into the Service and private practice among Indians. H E A L T H PROFESSIONS RECRUITMENT PROGRAM FOR INDIANS Grants. SEC. 102. (a) The Secretary, acting t h r o u g h the Service, shall make 25 use 1612. g r a n t s to public or nonprofit private health or educational entities or I n d i a n tribes or tribal organizations to assist such entities in meeting the costs of— (1) identifying I n d i a n s with a potential for education or train- ing in the health professions and encouraging and assisting them ( A ) to enroll in schools of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, veteri- n a r y medicine, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, public health, nursing, or allied health professions; or ( B ) , if they are not qualified to enroll in any such school, to undertake such post- secondary education or t r a i n i n g as may be required to qualify them for enrollment; (2) publicizing existing sources of financial aid available to I n d i a n s enrolled in any school referred to in clause (1) (A) of this subsection or who are undertaking t r a i n i n g necessary to qualify them to enroll in any such school; or (3) establishing other programs which the Secretary determines will enhance and facilitate the enrollment of Indians, and the subsequent pursuit and completion by them of courses of study, in any school referred to in clause (1) ( A ) of this subsection. Application, (b) (1) No g r a n t may be made under this section unless an applica- submittal and tion therefor has been submitted to, and approved by, the Secretary. approval. Such application shall be in such form, submitted in such manner, and contain such information, as the Secretary shall by regulation pre- scribe: Provided^ T h a t t h e Secretary shall give a preference to applications submitted by I n d i a n tribes or tribal organizations. Amount and (2) T h e amount of any g r a n t under this section shall be determined payment. by the Secretary. Payments pursuant to grants under this section may be made in advance or by way of reimbursement, and at such intervals and on such conditions as the Secretary finds necessary. Appropriation (c) F o r the purpose of making payments p u r s u a n t to grants under authorization. this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $900,000 for fiscal year 1978, $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $1,800,000 for fiscal year 1980. F o r fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 there are authorized to be appropriated for such payments such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act.
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1403 H E A L T H PROFESSIONS PREPARATORY SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR INDIANS SEC. 103. (a) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall make Scholarship scholarship grants to Indians who— grants, eligibility requirements. (1) have successfully completed their high school education 25 use 1613. or high school equivalency; and (2) have demonstrated the capability to successfully complete courses of study in schools of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, public health, nursing, or allied health professions. (b) Each scholarship grant made under this section shall be for a Two-year period not to exceed two academic years, which years shall be for limitation. compensatory preprofessional education of any grantee. (c) Scholarship grants made under this section may cover costs of tuition, books, transportation, board, and other necessary related expenses. (d) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this Appropriation section: $800,000 for fiscal year 1978, $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1979, authorization. and $1,300,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981,1982,1983, and 1984 there are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this section such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act. H E A L T H PROFESSIONS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM SEC. 104. Section 225(i) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 234(i)) is amended (1) by inserting " ( 1 ) " after " ( i ) " , and (2) by adding at the end the following: "(2) (A) In addition to the sums authorized to be appropriated Appropriation under paragraph (1) to carry out the Program, there are authorized authorization. to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, $5,450,000; for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, $6,300,000; for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980, $7,200,000; and for fiscal years 1981,1982, 1983, and 1984 such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after the Indian Health Care Improve- ment Act, to provide scholarships under the Program to pi'ovide physicians, osteopaths, dentists, veterinarians, nurses, optometrists, podiatrists, pharmacists, public health personnel, and allied health professionals to provide services to Indians. Such scholarships shall be designated Indian Health Scholarships and shall be made in accordance with this section except as provided in subparagraph (B). '(B) (i) The Secretary, acting through the Indian Health Service, Distribution. shall determine the individuals who receive the Indian Health Schol- arships, shall accord priority to applicants who are Indians, and shall determine the distribution of the scholarships on the basis of the relative needs of Indians for additional service in specific health professions. "(ii) The active duty service obligation prescribed by subsection Active duty (e) shall be met by the recipient of an Indian Health Scholarship service by service in the Indian Health Service, in a program assisted under obligation. title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, or in the private Post, p. 1410. practice of his profession if, as determined by the Secretary in accord- ance with guidelines promulgated by him, such practice is situated in a physician or other health professional shortage area and addresses the health care needs of a substantial number of Indians. "(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'Indians' has the "Indians.' same meaning given that term by subsection (c) of section 4 of the
90 STAT. 1404 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 Ante, p. 1401. Indian Health Care Improvement Act and includes individuals described in clauses (1) through (4) of that subsection.". I N D I A N H E A L T H SERVICE EXTERN PROGRAMS 25 use 1614. SEC. 105. (a) Ajiy individual who receives a scholarship grant pur- suant to section 104 shall be entitled to employment in the Service during any nonacademic period of the year. Periods of employment pursuant to this subsection shall not be counted in determining the fulfillment of the service obligation incurred as a condition of the scholarship grant. (b) Any individual enrolled in a school of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, public health, nursing, or allied health professions may be employed by the Service during any nonacademic period of the year. Any such employ- ment shall not exceed one hundred and twenty days during any calendar year. (c) Any employment pursuant to this section shall be made with- out regard to any competitive personnel system or agency personnel limitation and to a position which will enable the individual so employed to receive practical experience in the health profession in which he or she is engaged in study. Any individual so employed shall receive payment for his or her services comparable to the salary he or she would receive if he or she were employed in the competitive system. Any individual so employed shall not be counted against any employment ceiling affecting the Service or the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Appropriation (d) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of authorization. this section: $600,000 for fiscal year 1978, $800,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 there are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this section such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act. C O N T I N U I N G EDUCATION ALLOWANCES 25 use 1615. SEC. 106. (a) In order to encourage physicians, dentists, and other health professionals to join or continue in the Service and to provide their services in the rural and remote areas where a significant portion of the Indian people resides, the Secretary, acting through the Service, may provide allowances to health professionals employed in the Serv- ice to enable them for a period of time each year prescribed by regula- tion of the Secretary to take leave of their duty stations for profes- sional consultation and refresher training courses. Appropriation (b) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this authorization. section: $100,000 for fiscal year 1978, $200,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $250,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 there are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this section such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act. T I T L E II—HEALTH SERVICES H E A L T H SERVICES 25 use 1621. SEC. 201. (a) For the purpose of eliminating backlogs in Indian health care services and to supply known, unmet medical, surgical,
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1405 dental, optometrical, and other Indian health needs, the Secretary is authorized to expend, through the Service, over the seven-fiscal-year period beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subsection (c). Funds appropriated pursuant to this section for each fiscal year shall not be used to offset or limit the appropriations required by the Service under other Federal laAVs to continue to serve the health needs of Indians during and subsequent to such seven-fiscal-year period, but shall be in addition to the level of appropriations provided to the Service under this Act and such other Federal laws in the preceding fiscal year plus an amount equal to the amount required to cover pay increases and employee benefits for personnel employed under this Act and such laws and increases in the costs of serving the health needs of Indians under this Act and such laws, which increases are caused by inflation. (b) The Secretary, acting through the Service, is authorized to Employment employ persons to implement the provisions of this section during the during seven- seven-fiscal-year period in accordance with the schedule provided in fiscal-year period. subsection (c). Such positions authorized each fiscal year pursuant to this section shall not be considered as offsetting or limiting the per- sonnel required by the Service to serve the health needs of Indians during and subsequent to such seven-fiscal-year period but shall be in addition to the positions authorized in the previous fiscal year. (c) The following amounts and positions are authorized, in accord- Appropriation ance with the provisions of subsections (a) and (b), for the specific autnorization. purposes noted: (1) Patient care (direct and indirect) : sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $8,500,000 and two hundred and twenty-five positions for fiscal year 1979, and $16,200,000 and three hundred positions for fiscal year 1980. (2) Field health, excluding dental care (direct and indirect) : sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $3,350,000 and eighty-five positions for fiscal year 1979, and $5,550,000 and one hundred and thirteen positions for fiscal year 1980. (3) Dental care (direct and indirect) : sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $1,500,000 and eighty positions for fiscal year 1979, and $1,500,000 and fifty posi- tions for fiscal year 1980. (4) Mental health: (A) Community mental health services: sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $1,300,000 and thirty positions for fiscal year 1979,'and $2,000,000 and thirty positions for fiscal year 1980. (B) Inpatient mental health services: sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $400,000 and fifteen positions for fiscal year 1979, and ^600,000 and fifteen positions for fiscal year 1980. (C) Model dormitory mental health services: sums and posi- tions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $1,250,000 and fifty positions for fiscal year 1979, and $1,875,000 and fifty positions for fiscal year 1980. (D) Therapeutic and residential treatment centers: sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $300,000 and ten positions for fiscal year 1979, and $400,000 and five positions for fiscal year 1980. (E) Training of traditional Indian practitioners in mental health: sums as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $150,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $200,000 for fiscal year 1980.
90 STAT. 1406 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 (5) Treatment and control of alcoholism among Indians: $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1978, $9,000,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $9,200,000_for fiscal year 1980. (6) Maintenance and repair (direct and indirect) : sums and positions as provided in subsection (e) for fiscal year 1978, $3,000,000 and twenty positions for fiscal year 1979, and $4,000,000 and thirty positions for fiscal year 1980. (7) For fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 there are authorized to be appropriated for the items referred to in the preceding paragraphs such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act. For such fiscal years, positions are authorized for such items (other than the items referred to in paragraphs (4) (E) and (5)) as may be specified in an Act enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act. Research funds. (d) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall expend directly or by contract not less than 1 per centum of the funds appropriated under the authorizations in each of the clauses (1) through (5) of subsection (c) for research in each of the areas of Indian health care for which such funds are authorized to be appropriated. Appropriation (e) For fiscal year 1978, the Secretary is authorized to apportion authorization. not to exceed a total of $10,025,000 and 425 positions for the programs enumerated in clauses (c) (1) through (4) and (c)(6) of this section. TITLE III—HEALTH FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION AND RENOVATION OF SERVICE FACILITIES ' 25 use 1631. SEC. 301. (a) The Secretary, acting through the Service, is author- ized to expend over the seven-fiscal-year period beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act the sums authorized by subsection (b) for the construction and renovation of hospitals, health centers, health stations, and other facilities of the Service. Appropriation (b) The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for authorization. purposesof subsection (a) : (1) Hospitals: $67,180,000 for fiscal year 1978, $73,256,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $49,742,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981,1982,1983, and 1984, there are authorized to be appro- priated for hospitals such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act enacted after this Act. (2) Health centers and health stations: $6,960,000 for fiscal year 1978, $6,226,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $3,720,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984, there are authorized to be appropriated for health centers and health sta- tions such sums as may be specifically authorized by an Act pTiJir*i'Pfi j-iTI'^^T* i"ni^ Ar*i" (3) Staff housing:'$1,242,000 for fiscal year 1978, $21,725,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $4,116,000 for fiscal year 1980. For fiscal years 1981,1982, 1983, and 1984, there are authorized to be appro- priated for staff housing such sums as may be specifically author- ized by an Act enacted after this Act. (c) Prior to the expenditure of, or the making of any firm commit- ment to expend, any funds authorized in subsection (a), the Secretary, acting through the Service shall— Consultation. (1) consult with any Indian tribe to be significantly affected by any such expenditure for the purpose of determining and, wherever practicable, honoring tribal preferences concerning the
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1407 size, location, type, and other characteristics of any facility on which such expenditure is to be made; and (2) be assured that, wherever practicable, slich facility, not later than one year after its construction or renovation, shall meet the standards of the Joint Committee on Accreditation of Hospitals. CONSTRUCTION OF SAFE WATER AND SANITARY WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES SEC. 302. (a) During the seven-fiscal-year period beginning after the 25 use 1632. date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary is authorized to expend under section 7 of the Act of August 5, 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2004a), the sums a.uthorized under subsection (b) to supply unmet needs for safe water and sanitary waste disposal facilities in existing and new Indian homes and communities. (b) For expenditures of the Secretary authorized by subsection (a) Appropriation for facilities in existing Indian homes and communities there are authorization. authorized to be appropriated $43,000,000 for fiscal year 1978, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1980. For expenditures of the Secretary authorized by subsection (a) for facilities in new Indian homes and communities there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 1978, 1979, and 1980.-For fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 for expenditures authorized by subsection (a) there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be specifically authorized in an Act enacted after this Act. (c) Former and currently federally recognized Indian tribes in the New York Indian State of New York shall be eligible for assistance under this section. tribes, eligibility for assistance. P R E F E R E N C E TO INDIANS AND INDIAN FIRMS SEC. 303, (a) The Secretary, acting through the Service, may utilize 25 use 1633. the negotiating authority of the Act of June 25, 1910 (25 U.S.C. 47), to give preference to any Indian or any enterprise, partnership, cor- poration, or other tvpe of business organization owned and controlled by an Indian or Indians including former or currently federally recognized Indian tribes in the State of New York (hereinafter referred to as an "Indian firm") in the construction and renovation of Service facilities pursuant to section 301 and in the construction of safe water and sanitary waste disposal facilities pursuant to section 302. Such preference may be accorded by the Secretary unless he finds, pursuant to rules and regulations promulgated bv him, that the project or function to be contracted for will not be satisfactory or such project or function cannot be properly completed or maintained under the pro- posed contract. The Secretary, in arriving at his finding, shall consider whether the Indian or Indian firm will be deficient with respect to (1) ownership and control by Indians, (2) equipment, (3) bookkeep- ing and accounting procedures, (4) substantive knowledge of the project or function to be contracted for, (5) adequately trained person- nel, or (6) other necessary components of contract performance. (b) For the purpose of implementing the provisions of this title, eonstruction the Secretary shall assure that the rates of pay for personnel engaged personnel, pay in the construction or renovation of facilities constructed Or renovated rates. in whole or in part by funds made available pursuant to this title are not less than the prevailing local wage rates for similar work as determined in accordance with the Act of March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a-276a-5, known as the Davis-Bacon Act). 40 use 276a note.
90 STAT. 1408 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 SOBOBA SANITATION FACILITIES SEC. 304. The Act of December 17, 1970 (84 Stat. 1465), is hereby amended by adding the following new section 9 at the end thereof: "SEC. 9. Nothing in this Act shall preclude the Soboba Band of Mission Indians and the Soboba Indian Reservation from being pro- vided with sanitation facilities and services under the authority of section 7 of the Act of August 5, 1954 (68 Stat. 674), as amended 42 u s e 2004a. by the Act of July 31,1959 (73 Stat. 267).". TITLE I V - A C C E S S TO H E A L T H SERVICES ELIGIBILITY OF INDIAN H E A L T H SERVICE FACILITIES UNDER MEDICARE PROGRAM SEC. 401. (a) Sections 1814(c) and 1835(d) of the Social Security 42 use 1395f, Act are each amended by striking out "No payment" and inserting 1395n. in lieu thereof "Subject to section 1880, no payment". 42 use 1395x. (b) Part C of title X V I I I of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: " I N D I A N H E A L T H SERVICE FACILITIES Hospital or "SEC. 1880, (a) A hospital or skilled nursing facility of the Indian skilled nursing Health Service, whether operated by such Service or by an Indian facility, eligibility tribe or tribal organization (as those terms are defined in section 4 for payments. 42 use 1395qq. of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act), shall be eligible for payments under this title, notwithstanding sections 1814(c) and 1835 (d), if and for so long as it meets all of the conditions and require- ments for such payments which are applicable generally to hospitals or skilled nursing facilities (as the case may be) under this title. Ineligible "(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a hospital or skilled nursing hospital or skilled facility of the Indian Health Service which does not meet all of the nursing facility, conditions and requirements of this title which are applicable gen- submittal of plan erally to hospitals or skilled nursing facilities (as the case may be), for compliance. but which submits to the Secretary within six months after the date of the enactment of this section an acceptable plan for achieving com- pliance with such conditions and requirements, shall be deemed to meet such conditions and requirements (and to be eligible for payments under this title), without regard to the extent of its actual compliance with such conditions and requirements, during the first 12 months after the month in which such plan is submitted. Fund for " (c) Notwithstanding any otlier provision of this title, payments to improvements. which any hospital or skilled nursing facility of the Indian Health Service is entitled by reason of this section shall be placed in a special fund to be held by the Secretary and used by him (to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts) exclusively for the purpose of making any improvements in the hospitals and skilled nursing facilities of such Service which may be necessary to achieve compliance with the applicable conditions and requirements of this title. The preceding sentence shall cease to apply when the Secretary determines and certifies that substantially all of the hospitals and skilled nursing facilities of such Service in the United States are in compliance with such conditions and requirements. "(d) The annual report of the Secretary which is required by sec- Post, p. 1413. tion 701 of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act shall include Post, p. 1410. (along with the matters specified in section 403 of such Act) a detailed
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1409 statement of the status of the hospitals and skilled nursing facilities of the Service in terms of their compliance with the applicable condi- tions and requirements of this title and of the progress being made by- such hospitals and facilities (under plans submitted under subsection (b) and otherwise) toward the achievement of such compliance.". (c) Any payments received for services provided to beneficiaries 42 use 1395qq hereunder shall not be considered in determining appropriations for note. health care and services to Indians. (d) Nothing herein authorizes the Secretary to provide services to Services to an an Indian beneficiary with coverage under title X V I I I of the Social Indian Security Act, as amended, in preference to an Indian beneficiary beneficiary. without such coverage. 42 use 1395qq note. 42 use 1395. SERVICES PROVIDED TO MEDICAID ELIGIBLE INDIANS SEC. 402. (a) Title X I X of the Social Security Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: " I N D I A N HEALTH SERVICE FACILITIES "SEC. 1911. (a) A facility of the Indian Health Service (including Eligibility for a hospital, intermediate care facility, or skilled nursing facility), reimbursement. whether operated by such Service or by an Indian tribe or tribal orga- 42 u s e 1396J. nization (as those terms are defined in section 4 of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act), shall be eligible for reimbursement for Ante, p. 1401. medical assistance provided under a State plan if and for so long as it meets all of the conditions and requirements which are applicable generally to such facilities under this title. "(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a facility of the Indian Facilities, Health Service (including a hospital, intermediate care facility, or submittal of plan skilled nursing facility) which does not meet all of the conditions and for compliance. requirements of this title wliich are applicable generally to such facil- 42 u s e 1396J note. ity, but which submits to the Secretary within six months after the date of the enactment of this section an acceptable plan for acliieving compliance with such conditions and requirements, shall be deemed to meet such conditions and requirements (and to be eligible for reim- bursement under this title), without regard to the extent of its actual compliance with such conditions and requirements, during the first twelve months after the month in which such plan is submitted.". (b) The Secretary is authorized to enter into agreements with the 42 u s e 1396] appropriate State agency for the purpose of reimbursing such agency note. for health care and services provided in Service facilities to Indians who are eligible for medical assistance under title X I X of the Social Security Act, as amended. 42 u s e 1396. (c) Notwithstanding anj^ other provision of law, payments to which any facility of the Indian Health Service (including a hospital, inter- mediate care facility, or skilled nursing facility) is entitled under a State plan approved under title X I X of the Social Security Act by reason of section 1911 of such Act shall be placed in a special fund to Supra. be held by the Secretary and used by him (to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts) exclusively for the purpose of making any improvements in the facilities of such Service which may be necessary to achieve compliance with the applicable conditions and requirements of such title. The preceding sentence shall cease to apply when the Secretary determines and certifies that sub- stantially all of the health facilities of such Service in the United States are in compliance with such conditions and requirements.
90 STAT. 1410 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 42 use 1396J (d) Ajiy payments received for services provided recipients here- note. under shall not be considered in determining appropriations for the provision of health care and services to Indians. Federal medical (e) Section 1905(b) of the Social Security Act is amended by assistance inserting at the end thereof the following: "Notwithstanding the first percentage. sentence of this section, the Federal medical assistance percentage shall 42 u s e 1396d. be 100 per centum with respect to amounts expended as medical assist- ance for services which are received through an Indian Health Service facility whether operated by the Indian Health Service or by an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Ante, p. 1401. Health Care Improvement Act).". , REPORT 25 use 1671 SEC. 403. The Secretary shall include in his annual report required note. by section 701 an accounting on the amount and use of funds made available to the Service pursuant to this title as a result of reimburse- ments through titles X V I I I and X I X of the Social Security Act, as 42 u s e 1395, amended. 1396. T I T L E V—HEALTH SERVICES FOR URBAN INDIANS PURPOSE 25 use 1651. SEC. 501. The purpose of this title is to encourage the establishment of programs in urban areas to make health services more accessible to the urban Indian population. , CONTRACTS W I T H URBAN INDIAN ORGANIZATIONS 25 use 1652. SEC. 502. The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall enter into contracts with urban Indian organizations to assist such organizations to establish and administer, in the urban centers in which such organi- zations are situated, programs which meet the requirements set forth in sections 503 and 504. CONTRACT ELIGIBILITY 25 use 1653. SEC. 503. (a) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall place such conditions as he deems necessary to ejffect the purpose of this title in any contract which.he makes with any urban Indian organi- ' zation pursuant to this title. Such conditions shall include, but are not limited to, requirements that the organization successfully under- take the following activities: (1) determine the population of urban Indians which are or could be recipients of health referral or care services; (2) identify all public and private health service resources within the urban center in which the organization is situated which are or may be available to urban Indians; (3) assist such resources in providing service to such urban n Indians; (4) assist such urban Indians in becoming familiar with and utilizing such resources; (5) provide basic health education to such urban Indians; (6) establish and implement manpower training programs to accomplish the referral and education tasks set forth in clauses (3) through (5) of this subsection; (7) identify gaps between unmet health needs of urban Indians and the resources available to meet such needs;
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1411 (8) make recommendations to the Secretary and Federal, State, local, and other resource agencies on methods of improving health service programs to meet the needs of urban Indians; and (9) where necessary, provide or contract for health care services to urban Indians. (b) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall by regulation Urban Indian prescribe the criteria for selecting urban Indian organizations with organizations, which to contract pursuant to this title. Such criteria shall, among selection criteria. other factors, take into consideration: (1) the extent of the unmet health care needs of urban Indians in the urban center involved; (2) the size of the urban Indian population which is to receive assistance; (3) the relative accessibility which such population has to health care services in such urban center'; (4) the extent, if any, to which the activities set forth in sub- section (a) would duplicate any previous or current public or private health services project funded by another source in such urban center; (5) the appropriateness and likely effectiveness of the activities set forth in subsection (a) in such urban center; (6) the existence of an urban Indian organization capable of performing the activities set forth in subsection (a) and of enter- ing into a contract with the Secretary pursuant to this title; and (7) the extent of existing or likely future participation in the activities set forth in subsection (a) by appropriate health and health-related Federal, State, local, and other resource agencies. OTHER CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS SEC. 504. (a) Contracts with urban Indian organizations pursuant 25 use 1654. to this title shall be in accordance with all Federal contracting laws and regulations except that, in the discretion of the Secretary, such contracts may be negotiated without advertising and need not conform to the provisions of the Act of August 24, 1935 (48 Stat. 793), as amended. 49 Stat. 793. (b) Payments under any contracts pursuant to this title may be 40 use 270a- made in advance or by way of reimbursement and in such installments 270d. and on such conditions as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this title. (c) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, the Contract revision Secretary may, at the request or consent of an urban Indian orga- or amendment. nization, revise or amend any contract made by him with such organi- zation pursuant to this title as necessary to carry out the purposes of this title: Provided^ however, That whenever an urban Indian orga- nization requests retrocession of the Secretary for any contract entered into pursuant to this title, such retrocession shall become effective upon a date specified by the Secretary not more than one hundred and twenty days from the date of the request by the organization or at such later date as may be mutually agreed to by the Secretary and the organization. (d) In connection with any contract made pursuant to this title, Government the Secretary may permit an urban Indian organization to utilize, facilities, use. in carrying out such contract, existing facilities owned by the Federal Government within his jurisdiction under such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon for their use and maintenance.
90 STAT. 1412 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 (e) Contracts with urban Indian organizations and regulations adopted pursuant to this title shall include provisions to assure the fair and uniform provision to urban Indians of services and assistance under such contracts by such organizations. , : :, REPORTS AND RECORDS Report to SEC. 505. For each fiscal year during which an urban Indian orga- Secretary of the nization receives or expends funds pursuant to a contract under this Interior. title, such organization shall submit to the Secretary a report including 25 use 1655. information gathered pursuant to section 503(a) (7) and (8), infor- mation on activities conducted by the organization pursuant to the contract, an accounting of the amounts and purposes for which Federal funds were expended, and such other information as the Secretary may Audit. request. The reports and records of the urban Indian organization with respect to such contract shall be subject to audit by the Secretary and the Comptroller General of the United States. AUTHORIZATIONS 25 use 1656. SEC. 506, There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this title: $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1978, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1979, and $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1980. R E V I E W o r PROGRAM Submittal to SEC. 507. Within six months after the end of fiscal year 1979, the Congress. Secretary, acting through the Service and with the assistance of the Legislative urban Indian organizations which have entered into contracts pursuant recommenda- tions. to this title, shall review the program established under this title and 25 use 1657. submit to the Congress his assessment thereof and recommendations for any further legislative efforts he deems necessary to meet the pur- pose of this title. RURAL H E A L T H PROJECTS 25 use 1658. SEC. 508. Not to exceed 1 per centum of the amounts authorized by section 506 shall be available for not to exceed two pilot projects pro- viding outreach services to eligible Indians residing in rural com- munities near Indian reservations. T I T L E VI—AMERICAN INDIAN SCHOOL O F MEDICINE; F E A S I B I L I T Y STUDY FEASIBILITY STUDY 25 use 1661. SEC. 601. The Secretary, in consultation with Indian tribes and appropriate Indian organizations, shall conduct a study to determine the need for, and the feasibility of, establishing a school of medicine Report to to train Indians to provide health services for Indians. Within one Congress. year of the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary shall com- plete such study and shall report to the Congress findings and recom- mendations based on such study.
PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 90 STAT. 1413 TITLE VII—MISCELLANEOUS REPORTS SEC. 701. The Secretary shall report annually to the President and Report to the the Congress on progress made in effecting the purposes of this Act. President and Within three months after the end of fiscal year 1979, the Secretary Congress. shall review expenditures and progress made under this Act and make 25 use 1671. recommendations to the Congress concerning any additional authoriza- tions for fiscal years 1981 through 1984 for programs authorized under this Act which he deems appropriate. In the event the Congress enacts Program review, legislation authorizing appropriations for programs under this Act submittal to for fiscal years 1981 through 1984, within three months after the end Congress. of fiscal year 1983, the Secretary shall review programs established or assisted pursuant to this Act and shall submit to the Congress his assessment and recommendations of additional programs or additional assistance necessary to, at a minimum, provide health services to Indians, and insure a health status for Indians, which are at a parity with the health services available to, and the health status, of the general population. REGULATIONS SEC. 702. (a) (1) Within six months from the date of enactment of Consultation. this Act, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult with 25 use 1672. national and regional Indian organizations to consider and formulate appropriate rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Act. (2) Within eight months from the date of enactment of this Act, Publication in the Secretary shall publish proposed rules and regulations in the Fed- Federal Register. eral Register for the purpose of receiving comments from interested parties. (3) Within ten months from the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this Act. (b) The Secretary is authorized to revise and amend any rules or Rules or regulations promulgated pursuant to this Act: Provided^ That, prior regulations, to any revision of or amendment to such rules or regulations, the proposed revision or amendment; Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult with appropriate publication in national or regional Indian organizations and shall publish any pro- Federal Register. posed revision or amendment in the Federal Register not less than sixty days prior to the effective date of such revision or amendment in order to provide adequate notice to, and receive comments from, other interested parties. PLAN OF IMPLEMENTATION SEC. 703. Within two hundred and forty days after enactment of Submittal to this Act, a plan will be prepared by the Secretary and will be sub- Congress. mitted to the Congress. The plan will explain the manner and schedule 25 use 1673. (including a schedule of appropriation requests), by title and section, by which the Secretary will implement the provisions of this Act.
90 STAT. 1414 PUBLIC LAW 94-437—SEPT. 30, 1976 LEASES WITH INDIAN TRIBES 25 use 1674. SEC. 704. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary is authorized, in carrying out the purposes of this Act, to enter into leases with Indian tribes for periods not in excess of twenty years. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS 25 use 1675. SEC. 705. The funds appropriated pursuant to this Act shall remain available until expended. Approved September 30, 1976. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: HOUSE REPORTS: No. 94-1026 pt. I and 94-1026 part IV (Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs), No. 94-1026 pt. II (Comm. on Ways and Means), and No. 94-1026 pt. Ill (Comm. on Interstate and Foreign Commerce) all accompanying H.R. 2525. SENATE REPORT No. 94-133 (Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: Vol. 121 (1975): May 16, considered and passed Senate. Vol. 122 (1976): July 30, considered and passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R. 2525. Sept. 9, Senate concurred in House amendment with an amendment. Sept. 16, House concurred in Senate amendment. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS: Vol. 12, No. 40: Oct. 1, Presidential statement.