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H.R. 11400 (95th): National Science Foundation Authorization Act


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 10, 1978 (Passed Congress).


PUBLIC LAW 95-434—OCT. 10, 1978                                  92 STAT. 1049

Public Law 95-434
95th Congress
                                  An Act
To authorize the appropriation of specified dollar amounts for each of the           Oct. 10, 1978
  National Science Foundation's major program areas (and certain sub-                [H.R. 11400]
  programs), and to provide requirements relating to periods of availability and
  transfers of the authorized funds.

   Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress osseTnbled, That this Act may                  National Science
be cited as the "National Science Foundation Authorization Act for                  Foundation
Fiscal Year 1979-'.                                                                 Authorization Act
   SEC. 2. (a) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the                 for Fiscal Year
National Science Foundation for the fiscal year 1979 for the following              1979.
cato-gories:
        (1) Mathematical and Physical Sciences and Engineering,
     $265,700,000.
        (2) Astronomical, Atmospheric, Earth, and Ocean Sciences,
     $224,700,000.
        (3) United States Antarctic Program, $51,200,000.
        (4) Biological, Behavioral, and Social Sciences, $157,000,000.
        (5) Science Education Programs, $84,800,000.
        (6) Applied Science and Kesearch Applications, $69,700,000.
        (7) Scientific, Technological, and International Affairs,
     $23,500,000.
        (8) Program Development and Management, $53,300,000.
   (b) Ot the total amount authorized under subsection (a) (6) —
        (1) $2,000,000 is authorized for a "Handicapped Research
     Program";
        (2) $200,000 is authorized for the design of a program in Appro-
     priate Technology; and
        (3) not less than 12.5 per centum shall be expended to small
     business concerns.
   SEC. 3. Appropriations made under the authority provided in sec-
tions 2 and 5 shall remain available for obligation, for expenditure, or
for obligation and expenditure for periods specified in the Acts making
the appropriations.
   SEC. 4. From appropriations made under this Act, not more than                   Limitation.
$5,000 may be used for official consultation, representation, or other
extraordinary expenses upon the determination of the Director of the
National Science Foundation, and his determination shall be final and
conclusive upon the accounting officers of the Government,
   SEC. 5. In addition to the sums authorized by section 2, not more than
$4,500,000 is authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year 1979
for expenses of the National Science Foundation incurred outside
the United States, to be paid for in foreign currencies that the Treasury
Department determines to be excess to the normal requirements of
the United States.
   SEC. 6. Funds may be transferred among the categories listed in                  Transfer of
section 2(a), but neither the total funds transferred from any category             funds.
nor the total funds transferred to any category may exceed 10 per
centum of the amount authorized for that category in section 2,
unless^-
        (1) thirty legislative days have passed after the Director of the
     National Science Foundation or his designee has transmitted to

9 2 STAT. 1 0 5 0 PUBLIC LAW 9 5 - 4 3 4 — O C T . 10, 1 9 7 8 the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to the President of the Senate, to the Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Human Resources of the Senate a written report containing a full and complete explanation of the transfer involved and the reason for it, or (2) before the expiration of thirty legislative days both the Committee on Science and Technology of the House and the Committee on Human Resources of the Senate have written to the Director to the effect that they have no objection to the pro- posed transfer. 42 u s e 1882. SEC. 7. Notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act, the Director of the National Science Foundation shall keep the Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Human Resources of the Senate fully and currently informed with respect to all of the activities of the National Science Foundation. Feasibility SEC. 8. (a) The Director of the National Science Foundation, in st"<^y- consultation w i t h t h e Director of t h e Office of Science a n d Technology f^^*y^^ ^ ^ ^ Policy, the Secretary of Energy, the Administrator of the National note. Aeronautics and Space Administration, and technical experts in public agencies, private organizations, and academic institutions, is author- ized to determine the need to provide support under this Act for a study of the feasibility of transmitting solar energy to Earth by using orbital structures manufactured from lunar or asteroidal materials, and the impact of such a feasibility study, if any, on existing National Science Foundation programs. (b) (1) If the Foundation determines that such a feasibility study is necessary, the Foundation is authorized to conduct such a studj directly or by grants or contracts with public agencies, private organi- zations, or academic institutions. (2) At the conclusion of any such study the Foundation shall pre- pare and submit to the President and to the Congress a report of the study, together with such recommendations as the Foundation deems appropriate. (3) Of the funds authorized in section 2, $500,000 shall be available to carry out the provisions of this subsection. ijst Approved October 10, 1978. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: HOUSE REPORT No. 95-993 (Coram, on Science and Technology). SENATE REPORTS: No. 95-851 accompanying S. 2549 and No. 95-853 (Coram. on jHuraan Resources). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 124 (1978): Apr. 18, considered and passed House. June 28, considered and passed Senate, araended, in lieu of S. 2549. Sept. 19, House concurred in Senate amendraent with an amendraent. ; Sept. 29, Senate concurred in House araendraent.