Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act=
Amends the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to make real estate loans to private corporations and partnerships controlled by family farmers and ranchers who are engaged primarily and directly in farming and ranching.
Stipulates that both the entity and principle stockholders or partners must be unable to obtain sufficient credit elsewhere to finance their actual needs at reasonable rates and terms.
Increases loan limits for farm real estate loans including loans for recreational and pollution abatement facilities to $200,000 on insured loans and to $300,000 on guaranteed loans.
Raises the ceiling on the annual aggregate amount of water and waste facility grants from $300,000,000 to $500,000,000, and increases from 50 percent to 75 percent the percentage of the development cost of such facilities which a grant may cover.
Authorizes the Secretary to make insured or guaranteed loans for the construction, acquisition, and operation of electric power facilities, to rurally located associations, nonprofit corporations, Indian tribes, and public and quasi-public agencies that, as of October 1, 1976, were receiving bulk power from a Federal power administration of the Department of the Interior. Limits such loans to $1,000,000.
Includes in gross income, for the purpose of the Internal Revenue Code, interest or other income from obligations evidencing such loans.
Designates the Administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration as the administrant of the loan program.
Terminates the authority of the Secretary to make such loans on September 30, 2006.
Establishes interest rates and provides for repayment of taxes and insurance with respect to real estate loans under such Act. Stipulates that repayment of such loans shall not exceed 40 years.
Establishes interest rates for
(1) guaranteed loans as agreed upon by the borrower and lender;
(2) farm real estate loans as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury,
(3) community facility (including water and waste disposal) loans as prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, not to exceed five percent per year; and
(4) business and industrial loans as comparable to rates prevailing in the private market for similar loans, plus a service charge set by the Secretary. Deletes the provision which establishes the Secretary as "escrow agent" for the receipt of prepayments of taxes and insurance on real estate loans.
Requires borrowers to pay such fees and charges and to prepay such taxes and insurance to the Secretary, on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe.
Removes the $500,000,000 ceiling from the aggregate principal of loans made using the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund. Allows the Farmers Home Administration to use the Rural Development Insurance Fund to pay for administrative expenses necessary to insure, make grants, service, and carry out loan programs.
Authorizes the Secretary to purchase the guaranteed portion of a loan guaranteed pursuant to this Act. Allows the use of the Rural Development Insurance Fund and the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund for such purchases.
Requires the Secretary to determine that an adequate secondary market is not available in the private sector before such authority may be exercised.
Exempts small businesses from the restrictions on rural industrial assistance and other loans (if the loan does not exceed $1,000,000 or the employment will not be increased by more than 50 employees).
Establishes a low-income farm ownership loan program for owners or operators of small or family farms.
Extends eligibility for farm ownership, equipment and operating loans to private corporations and partnerships controlled by family farmers and ranchers and engaged primarily and directly in farming or ranching, the principle stockholders or partners of which individually meet eligibility criteria.
Changes the limitation on farm operating loans to $100,000 for loans made or insured by the Secretary, and to $200,000 for loans guaranteed by the Secretary. Stipulates that directed or insured farm operating loans shall bear interest at a rate not more than the cost of money to the Government as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, plus up to a one percent charge as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture. Requires amounts attributable to the one percent charge to be deposited in either the Rural Development Insurance Fund or the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund. Authorizes the Secretary to consolidate or reschedule outstanding loans for payment over a period not to exceed seven years from the date of such consolidation or rescheduling.
Allows new loans to be included in a consolidation.
States that guaranteed farm operating loans, including such loans that may be consolidated, shall bear interest at rates agreed upon by the borrower and the lender.
Authorizes the Secretary to make and insure loans to applicants whose farming, ranching, or aquaculture operations have been substantially affected by a natural disaster or by a major disaster or emergency designated by the President pursuant to the provisions of the Disaster Relief Act of 1974.
Authorizes the Secretary to continue to conduct loan and grant operation and approve transfers and assumptions in connection with properties or facilities securing any loan made, insured, or held by the Secretary, that are located in areas that have ceased to be rural on the same basis as though the areas still were rural.
Allows the Secretary to defer principal and interest and forego foreclosure, at the request of the borrower, on any outstanding loan made, insured, or held by the Secretary and administered by the Farmers Home Administration, upon a showing of temporary inability to contine payments, beyond the borrower's control.
Stipulates that the interest which accrues during the deferral period on any loan deferred shall bear no interest during or after such period.
States that if such loans is foreclosed the amount of principal and interest would be used as a basis for the purchase price, and from the date of foreclosure interest shall be charged and shall become a part of the principal.
Requires the Secretary to establish procedures for the appeal, review, and possible reversal or modification of loan determinations made by the Farmers Home Administration County Committees. Exempts borrowers of guaranteed loans from the graduation requirement that they refinance their debt if they become able to obtain credit from other sources at reasonable rates and terms.
Extends the applicability of the Act to the commonwealths, territories, and possessions of the United States, including the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands. Requires that appropriations Acts setting budgets levels for programs authorized by this Act state one amount for insured loans and a second, separate amount for guaranteed loans.
Requires the Secretary to assign officers and employees who are adequately prepared to understand the particular needs and problems of farmers in the area of assignment.
Provides that a high priority be placed on keeping existing farm operations in business.