National Wildlife Refuge System
Defines the term "conserve," for purposes of this Title, as the use of such methods and procedures which are necessary to ensure the health, preservation, and enhancement of fish and wildlife and plants, their habitats, and the ecological system of which they form a constituent element.
Defines "refuge" to mean any unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System established by this Act, prior to the enactment of this Act, or following the enactment of this Act. Declares the major purposes of each refuge to be:
(1) to conserve the designated fish and wildlife, as well as to conserve the other fish and wildlife, and plants within the refuge;
(2) to fulfill the international treaty obligations of the United States with respect to fish and wildlife and plants;
(3) to ensure water quality and water quantity within the refuge; and
(4) to protect, maintain, or enhance any special value of the refuge, as well any other archeological, cultural, ecological, geological, historical, paleontological, recreational, or scenic value of the refuge.
Provides that each refuge shall be administered by the Secretary to achieve such purposes, and in accordance with the laws governing the administration of units of the National Wildlife Refuge System, the laws governing the conservation and protection of fish and wildlife and plants, and this Act. Directs the Secretary to administer each refuge in order to provide an opportunity for subsistence uses, to the extent that it is compatible with the major purposes of the refuge.
Withdraws, subject to valid existing rights, all public lands in each refuge from all forms of appropriation under the mining laws and from operation of the mineral leasing laws.
Authorizes the Secretary to permit oil and gas development and hardrock mining under a leasing program.
Directs the Secretary to prepare a comprehensive conservation plan for each refuge.
Sets forth the contents of such plans.
Requires that the Secretary consult with the appropriate State agencies and Native Corporations, and hold public hearings, in preparing such plans.
Provides that the Secretary shall publish notice of a proposed plan in the Federal Register, and make copies of the plan available to at each regional office of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and provide opportunity for public views and comment on the plan.
Designates the first six miles off each coastal refuge, except the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, as a seaward area subject to cooperative management by the Department of the Interior, the Department of Commerce, and the State of Alaska. Establishes the Seaward Area Management Planning Committee to prepare a comprehensive management plan for each seaward area.
Provides that such plan shall set forth procedures and actions to assure that the major purposes of the coastal refuge are achieved within the seaward area and that the marine ecosystem within such area is conserved.
Provides that regulations shall be issued by the appropriate authorities, after the adoption by the Committee of any plan.
Stipulates that no plan shall affect certain rights of the State, as well as the administration and implementation of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976.
States that no plan may provide for any procedure or action which is contrary to, or inconsistent with, Federal laws governing the conservation or protection of fish and wildlife.
Establishes as units of the National Wildlife Refuge System:
(1) Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge;
(2) Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge;
(3) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge;
(4) Becharof National Wildlife Refuge;
(5) Copper River National Wildlife Refuge;
(6) Innoko National Wildlife Refuge;
(7) Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge;
(8) Kenai National Wildlife Refuge;
(9) Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge;
(10) Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge;
(11) Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge;
(12) Selawik National Wildlife Refuge;
(13) Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge;
(14) Togiak National Wildlife Refuge;
(15) Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge; and
(16) Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge. Designates the significant fish and wildlife of each refuge.
Designates the Izembek National Wildlife Range as a Refuge. Directs the Secretary to undertake to enter into cooperative management agreements with Native Corporations, the State, or persons owning land within or adjacent to a refuge.
States that each such agreement shall provide that the land subject to the agreement shall be managed by the owner in a manner compatible with the major purposes of the refuge, and in a manner which will not diminish opportunities for subsistence uses in the refuge.
States that the Congress funds that barren-ground caribou are a migratory species deserving special protection and that the Western Arctic and Porcupine herds of such caribou are of national and international significance.
Directs the Secretary to conduct a study of the barren-ground caribou herds north of the Yukon River, and, acting through the Secretary of State, to initiate negotiations with the Government of Canada in order to enter into a treaty to protect the Porcupine caribou herd and its habitat.
Declares that all Executive orders and other administrative actions which were in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act will remain in force, except to the extent that they are inconsistent with this Act or the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.