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H.R. 6693 (95th): Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act

The text of the bill below is as of Apr 24, 1978 (Passed Congress).

PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 2 4 , 1978                                   92 STAT. 2 0 5

Public Law 95-266
95th Congress
                                   An Act
To promote the healthy development of children who would benefit from adoption       Apr. 24, 197t5^
  by facilitating tlieir placement in adoptive homes, to extend and improve           [H.R. 6693]
  the provisions of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, and for
  other purposes.

   Be it enoboted by the Senate a7id House of Representatives         of the
United States of America in Congress assembled^ T h a t this Act may Child Abuse
be cited as the "Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Prevention and
Reform Act of 1978".                                                          Treatment and
                                                                              Adoption Reform
                                                                              Act of 1978.
T I T L E I — A M E N D M E N T S T O C H I L D A B U S E P R E V E N T I O N 42 u s e 5101
                       AND TREATMENT ACT                                      note.

            NATIONAL CENTER ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

   SEC. 101. Section 2 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment
Act (42 U.S.C. 5101) (hereinafter in this title referred to as "the
Act") is amended by—
           (1) ( A ) striking out "and publish" and inserting in lieu thereof
      "publish, and disseminate" in clause (1) of subsection (b) ;
           ( B ) striking out " a n d publish" and inserting in lieu thereof
       a comma and "publish, and disseminate" in clause (3) of sub-
      section ( b ) ;
           (C) striking out " a n d " after clause (5) of subsection ( b ) ;
           ( D ) striking out the period at the end of clause (6) of sub-
       section (b) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon and " a n d " ;
       and
           ( E ) a d d i n g after clause (6) of subsection (b) the following:      Plan, submittal to
           " ( 7 ) in consultation with Federal agencies serving on the             Advisory Board
       Advisory B o a r d on Child Abuse and Neglect (established by                on Child Abuse
       section 6 of this A c t ) , p r e p a r e a comprehensive plan for seeking   and Neglect.
                                                                                    42 u s e 5105.
       to b r i n g about maximum coordination of the goals, objectives, and
       activities of all agencies and organizations which have responsi-
       bilities for programs and activities related to child abuse and
       neglect, and submit such plan to such Advisory Board not later
       t h a n twelve months after the date of enactment of this clause.
T h e Secretary shall establish research priorities for making grants or            Research
contracts under clause (5) of this subsection and, not less t h a n sixty           priorities
days before establishing such priorities, shall publish in the Federal              for grants or
Register for public comment a statement of such proposed priorities.";              contracts.
                                                                                    Publication in
            (2) inserting a t the end of subsection (c) the following new           Federal Register.
       sentences: " G r a n t s may be made under subsection ( b ) ( 5 ) for
       periods of not more t h a n three years. A n y such g r a n t shall be       Review.
       reviewed at least annually by t h e Secretary, utilizing pe^r review
       mechanisms to assure the quality and progress of research con-
       ducted under such g r a n t . " ; and
            (3) a d d i n g after subsection (c) the following new subsection:
   " ( d ) T h e Secretary shall make available to the Center such staff
and resources as are necessary for the Center to carry out effectively
its functions under this Act.".

92 STAT. 206 PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 DEFINITION SEC. 102. Section 3 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 5102) is amended by— (1) inserting "or exploitation" after "sexual abuse"; and (2) inserting a comma and "or the age specified by the child protection law of the State in question," after "eighteen". DEMONSTRATION OR SERVICE PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS SEC. 103. Section 4 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 5103) is amended by— (1) amending subsection (a) by— (A) inserting "or service" after "demonstration" in the first sentence; (B) striking out "the development and establishment of" in clause (1) ; and (C) striking out the last sentence of such subsection; (2) amending subsection (b) by— (A) striking out in paragraph (1) "Of the sums" and all that follows through "grants" and inserting in lieu thereof "The Secretary, through the Center, is authorized to make grants", and striking out "for the payment of reasonable and necessary expenses"; and (B) inserting in paragraph (2) immediately below clause (J) the following new sentence: "If a State has failed to obligate funds awarded under this subsection within eighteen months after the date of award, the next award under this subsection made after the expiration of such period shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount of such unobli- gated funds unless the Secretary determines that extraordi- nary reasons justify the failure to so obligate."; and (3) amending the heading for such section to read as follows: " D E M O N S T R A T I O N OR SERVICE PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS". AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, EARMARKING, AND SEXUAL ABUSE CENTERS SEC. 104. Section 5 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 5104) is amended by— (1) striking out "and" after "1975," and striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof a comma and the following: "$25,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30. 1978, $27,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and $30,000,000 each for the fiscal years ending September- 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981, respectively. Of the funds appro- priated for any fiscal year under this section, not less than 50 per centum shall be used for making grants or contracts under 42 use 5101. sections 2(b)(5) (relating to research) and 4(a) (relating to 42 use 5103. demonstration or service projects), giving special consideration to continued Federal funding of child abuse and neglect programs or projects (previously funded by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) of national or regional scope and demon- strated effectiveness, of not less than 25 per centum shall be used for making grants or contracts under sexition 4(b) (1) (relating to grants to States) for the fiscal years ending September 30,1978,
PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 92 STAT. 207 and September 30, 1979, respectively, and not less than 30 per centum shall be used for making grants or contracts under sec- tion 4(b) (1) (relating to grants to States) for each of the fiscal 42 use 5103. years ending September 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981, respec- tively."; and (2) inserting " ( a ) " after "SEC. 5." and adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(b) (1) There are authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, $3,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and $4,000,000 each for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981, respectively, for the purpose of making grants and entering into contracts (under sec- tions 2(b) (5) (relating to research), 4(a) (relating to demonstration 42 use 5101. or services projects), and 4(b) (1) (relating to grants to States)) for programs and projects (including the support of not less than three Centers for the provision of treatment, and personnel training, and other related services) designed to prevent, identify, and treat sexual abuse of childi'en, including programs involving the treatment of family units, programs for the provision of treatment and related services to persons who have committed acts of sexual abuse against children, and programs for the training of personnel. "(2) Of the sums appropriated under this subsection, not more than 10 per centum shall be expended under section 2(b) (5) (relating to research). "(3) As used in this subsection, the term— Definitions. "(A) 'sexual abuse' includes the obscene or pornographic pho- tographing, filming, or depiction of children for commercial pur- poses, or the rape, molestation, incest, prostitution, or other such forms of sexual exploitation of children under circumstances which indicate that the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby, as determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary; and "(B) 'child' or 'children' means any individual who has not attained the age of eighteen. "(4) (A) Nothing contained in the provisions of this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting the use of funds appropriated under subsection (a) for programs and projects described in subsection (b), nor be construed to prohibit programs or projects receiving funds under subsection (a) from receiving funds under subsection (b). "(B) No funds shall be obligated or expended under this subsection unless an amount at least equal to the amount of funds appropriated in fiscal year 1977 has been appropriated for programs and projects under subsection (a) for any succeeding fiscal year.". ADVISORY BOARD SEC. 105. Section 6 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 5105) is amended by— (1) inserting before the period at the end of the first sentence in subsection (a) a comma and "and not less than three members from the general public with experience or expertise in the field of child abuse and neglect" ; (2) striking out "administered" both places it appears in the second sentence in subsection (a) and inserting in lieu thereof "planned, administered,"; and
92 STAT. 208 PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 (3) striking out subsection (b) and subsection (c) and insert- ing in lieu thereof the following new subsections: Plan, submittal " ( b ) The Advisory B o a r d shall review the comprehensive plan sub- to President mitted to it by the Center pursuant to section 2 ( b ) ( 7 ) , make such and Congress. changes as it deems appropriate, and submit to the President and the 42 u s e 5101. Congress a final such plan not later t h a n eighteen months after t h e effective date of this subsection. G>mpensation. " ( c ) Members of the Advisory Board, other than those regularly employed by the Federal Government, while serving on business of the Advisory Board, shall be entitled to receive compensation at a rate not in excess of the daily ex^uivalent payable to a GS-18 employee under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, including travel- t i m e ; and, while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business, they may be allowed travel expenses (including per diem in lieu of subsistence) as authorized by section 5703 of such title for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.". TITLE II—ADOPTION OPPORTUNITIES n X D I N G S AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSE 42 u s e 5111. SEC. 201. The Congress hereby finds t h a t many thousands of children lemain in institutions or foster homes solely because of legal and other barriers to their placement in permanent, adoptive homes; t h a t the majority of such children are of school age, handicapped, or b o t h ; t h a t adoption may be the best alternative for assuring the healthy development of such children; t h a t there are qualified persons seeking to adopt such children who are unable to do so because of barriers to their placement; and that, in order both to enhance the stability and love of the child's home environment and to avoid Avasteful expendi- tures of public funds, such children should not be maintained in foster care or institutions when adoption is appropriate and families for them can be found. I t is, therefore, the purpose of t h i s title to facilitate the elimination of barriers to adoption and to provide permanent and loving home environments for children who would benefit by adoption, particularly children with special needs by— (1) promoting the establishment of model adoption legislation and procedures in the States and territories of the United States in order to eliminate jurisdictional and legal obstacles to adop- t i o n ; and (2) providing a mechanism for the D e p a r t m e n t of Health, Education, and Welfare to ( A ) promote quality standards for adoption services (including pre-placement, post-placement, and post-adoption counseling and standards to protect the rights of children i n need of a d o p t i o n ) , and ( B ) provide for a national adoption and foster care information data gathering and analysis system and a national adoption information exchange system to b r i n g together children who would benefit by adoption and quali- fied prospective adoptive parents who are seeking such children. MODEL ADOPTION LEGISLATION AND PROCEDURES Publication in SEC. 202. (a) Not later t h a n eighteen months after the date of Federal Register. enactment of this Act, the Secretary of H e a l t h , Education, and Wel- 42 u s e 5112. fare (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") shall issue, based on
PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 92 STAT. 209 the recommendations of the panel described in subsection (b) of this section, proposed model adoption legislation and procedures and publish such proposal in the Federal Register for comment. After soliciting and giving due consideration to the comments of interested individuals, groups, and organizations and consulting further with such panel, the Secretary shall issue and publish model adoption legislation and procedures which shall not conflict with the provisions of any interstate compact in operation pursuant to which States are making, supervising, or regulating placements of children. (b) (1) Not later than ninety days aft^r the date of enactment of Panel. this Act, the Secretary shall appoint a panel (hereinafter referred to Appointment. as the "panel") to be composed of not less than eleven nor more than seventeen members generally representative of public and voluntary organizations, agencies, and persons interested and with expertise and experience in facilitating the achievement of the purposes of this title (including, but not limited to, national, State, and local child welfare organizations, including those representative of minorities, and adop- tive parent organizations). The panel shall (A) review current conditions, practices, and laws relating to adoption, with special reference to their effect on facilitating or impeding the location of suitable adoptive homes for children who would benefit by adoption and the completion of suitable adoptions for such children; and (B) not later than twelve months after the date on which the members of the panel have been appointed, propose to the Secretary model (includ- ing adoption assistance agreement) legislation and pi-ocedures relating to adoption designed to facilitate adoption by families of all economic levels. (2) The panel shall be terminated thirty days after the Secretary Tennination. publishes the final model legislation and procedures pursuant to sub- section (a) of this section. (3) Members of the panel, other than those regularly employed Compensation, by the Federal Government, while serving on business of the panel shall he entitled to receive compensation at a rate not in excess of the daily equivalent of the rate payable to a GS-18 employee under sec- tion 5o22 of title 5, United States Code, including traveltime; and, while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business, they may be allowed travel expenses (including per diem in lieu of subsistence) as authorized by section 5703 of such title for persons in the Government service employed intermittently. (c) The Secretary shall take such steps as he or she deems necessary to encourage and facilitate the enactment in each State of compre- hensive adoption assistance legislation and the establishment in each State of the model legislation and procedures published pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. INFORMATION AND SERVICES SEC. 203. (a) The Secretary shall establish in the Department of 42 use 5113. Health, Education, and Welfare an appropriate administrative ai-rangement to provide a centralized focus for planning and coordi- natinir of all departmental activities affecting adoption and foster care and for carrying out the provisions of this title. The Secretary shall make available such consultant services and personnel, together with
92 STAT. 210 PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 appropriate administrative expenses, as are necessary for carrying out such purposes. (b) I n connection with carrying out the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall— (1) provide (directly or by g r a n t to or contract with public or private nonprofit agencies and organizations) for t h e establish- ment and operation of a national adoption and foster care data gathering and analysis system utilizing data collected by States pursuant to requirements of laAv; (2) conduct (directly or by g r a n t to or contract with public or private nonprofit agencies or organizations) an education and training p r o g r a m on adoption, and prepare, publish, and dis- seminate (directly or by grant to or contract with public or private nonprofit agencies and organizations) to all interested parties, public and private agencies and organizations (including, but not limited to, hospitals, health care and family planning clinics, and social services agencies), and governmental bodies, information and education and training materials regarding adoption and adoption assistance p r o g r a m s ; (3) notwithstanding any other provision of law, provide (directly or by g r a n t to or contract with public or private non- profit agencies or organizations) for (A) t h e operation of a national adoption information exchange system (including only such information as is necessary to facilitate the adoptive place- ment of children, utilizing computers and data processing methods to assist in the location of children who would benefit by adoption and in the placement in adoptive homes of children awaiting adoption) ; and ( B ) the coordination of such system with similar State and regional systems; (4) provide (directly or by grant to or contract with public or private nonprofit agencies or organizations, including parent groups) for the provision of technical assistance in the planning, improving, developing, and carrying out of programs and activi- ties relating to adoption; and (5) consult with other appropriate Federal departments and agencies in order to promote maximum coordination of the serv- ices and benefits provided under programs carried out by such departments and agencies with those carried out by the Secretary, and provide for the coordination of such aspects of all programs within the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare relat- ing to adoption. STUDY OF UXLICENSED AnOPTIOX PLACEMENTS Report to SEC. 204. The Secretary shall provide for a study (the results of congressional which shall be reported to the appropriate committees of the Congress committees. J^Q|- \^{QY t h a n eighteen months after the date of enactment of this 42 u s e 5114. Act) designed to determine the nature, scope, and effects of the inter- state (and, to the extent feasible, intrastate) placement of children in adoptive homes (not including the homes of stepparents or relatives of the child in question) by persons or agencies which are not licensed by or subject to regulation by any governmental entity.
PUBLIC LAW 95-266—APR. 24, 1978 92 STAT. 211 AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS SEC. 205. There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for the 42 USC 5115. fiscal year ending September 30,1978, and such sums as may be neces- sary for the succeeding three fiscal years to carry out this title. Approved April 24, 1978. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: HOUSE REPORT No. 95-609 (Comm. on Education and Labor). SENATE REPORT No. 95-167 accompanying S. 961 (Comm. on Human Resources). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: Vol. 123 (1977): Sept. 26, considered and passed House. Oct. 27, considered and passed Senate, amended, in lieu of S. 961. VoL 124 (1978): Apr. 10, House agreed to Senate amendments with amend- ments. Apr. 12, Senate concurred in House amendments.