skip to main content

S. 2899 (95th): Endangered Species Act Amendments

About the bill

Source: Wikipedia

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was first passed in 1973 and forms the basis of biodiversity and endangered species protection in the United States. The original purpose of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 was to prevent species endangerment and extinction due to the human impact on natural ecosystems. The three most powerful sections of the ESA are Sections 4,7 and 9. Section 4 allows the Secretaries of Interior and Commerce to list species as threatened or endangered based on best available data. Section 7 requires federal agencies to consult with Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) or National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) before taking any action that may threaten a listed species. Section 9 forbids the taking of an endangered species. The first amendment to the ESA was passed ...

Sponsor and status

Apr 12, 1978
95th Congress (1977–1978)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Nov 10, 1978

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on November 10, 1978.

Pub.L. 95-632

John Culver

Senator for Iowa



Read Text »
Last Updated: Nov 10, 1978



Apr 12, 1978

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

May 15, 1978
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jul 19, 1978
Passed Senate (House next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the Senate. It goes to the House next.

Oct 14, 1978
Passed House with Changes (back to Senate)

The House passed the bill with changes not in the Senate version and sent it back to the Senate to approve the changes.

Nov 10, 1978
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

Nov 10, 1978
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Passed Congress.

S. 2899 (95th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2899. This is the one from the 95th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 95th Congress, which met from Jan 4, 1977 to Oct 15, 1978. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 2899 — 95th Congress: Endangered Species Act Amendments.” 1978. May 10, 2021 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.