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S. 305 (95th): Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

The text of the bill below is as of Dec 19, 1977 (Passed Congress).


91 STAT. 1494                      PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977

                   Public Law 95-213
                   95th Congress
                                                      An Act
 Dec. 19. 1977     To amend the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to make it unlawful for an issuer
   [S. 305]          of securities registered pursuant to section 12 of such Act or an issuer
                     required to file reports pursuant to section 15(d) of such Act to make certain
                     paynients to foreign oflScials and other foreign persons, to require such issuers
                     to maintain accurate records, and for other purposes.

                    Be it ermcted hy the Seriate and House of Representatives    of the
Securities         United States of America in Congress assembled^
Exchange Act of
1934,                      TITLE I—FOREIGN CORRUPT PRACTICES
amendment.
Foreign Corrupt                                 SHORT TITLE
Practices Act of
1977.                SEC. 101. This title may be cited as the "Foreign Corrupt Practices
15 u s e 78a note. Act of 1977".
                                              ACCOUNTING      STANDARDS

Assets,               SEC. 102. Section 13(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
transactions and   (15 U.S.C. 7 8 q ( b ) ) is amended by inserting " ( 1 ) " after " ( b ) " and
dispositions.      by adding a t the end thereof the following:
15 u s e 78m.         " ( 2 ) Every issuer which has a class of securities registered pursuant
15 u s e 78/.      to section 12 of this title and every issuer which is required to file
Post, p. 1500.     reports pursuant to section 15(d) of this title shall—
Records,                     " ( A ) make and keep books, records, and accounts, which, in
maintenance.              reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions
                          and dispositions of the assets of the issuer; and
Internal                     " ( B ) devise and maintain a system of internal accounting
accounting                controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances t h a t —
controls,                           " ( i ) transactions are executed in accordance with manage-
establishment.                   ment's general or specific authorization;
                                    " ( i i ) transactions are recorded as necessary ( I ) to permit
                                 preparation of financial statements in conformity with gen-
                                 erally accepted accounting principles or any other criteria
                                 applicable to such statements, and ( I I ) to maintain account-
                                 ability for assets;
                                    " ( i i i ) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with
                                 management's general or specific authorization; and
                                    " ( i v ) the recorded accountability for assets is compared
                                 with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appro-
                                 priate action is taken with respect to any differences.
Exemption            " ( 3 ) ( A ) W i t h respect to matters concerning the national security
directive,         of t h e United States, no duty or liability under p a r a g r a p h (2) of
issuance and       this subsection shall be imposed upon any person acting in coopera-
expiration.        tion with the head of any Federal department or agency responsible
                   for such matters if such act in cooperation with such head of a depart-
                   ment or agency was done upon the specific, written directive of the
                   head of such department or agency pursuant to Presidential authority
                   to issue such directives. E a c h directive issued under this p a r a g r a p h
                   shall set forth the specific facts and circumstances with respect to
                   which the provisions of this p a r a g r a p h are to be invoked. E a c h such
                   directive shall, unless renewed in writing, expire one year after t h e
                   date of issuance.

PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 91 STAT. 1495 "(B) Each head of a Federal department or agency of the United File maintenance. States who issues a directive pursuant to this paragraph shall main- Annual summary, tain a complete file of all such directives and shall, on October 1 of transmittal to congressional each year, transmit a summary of matters covered by such directives committees. in force at any time during the previous year to the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.". FOREIGN CORRUPT PRACTICES BY ISSUERS SEC. 103. (a) The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is amended by inserting after section 30 the following new section: a FOREIGN" CORRUPT PRACTICES BY ISSUERS "SEC. 30A. (a) It shall be unlawful for any issuer which has a class 15 use 78dd-l. of securities registered pursuant to section 12 of this title or which is 15 use 78/. required to file reports under section 15(d) of this title, or for any Post, p. 1500. officer, director, employee, or agent of such issuer or any stockholder thereof acting on behalf of such issuer, to make use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce corruptly in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay, or authorization of the payment of any money, or oifer, gift, promise to give, or authori- zation of the giving of anything of value to— "(1) any foreign official for purposes of— "(A) influencing any act or decision of such foreign official in his official capacity, including a decision to fail to perform his official functions; or "(B) inducing such foreign official to use his influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence any act or decision of such government or instru- mentality, in order to assist such issuer in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person ; "(2) any foreign political party or official thereof or any candi- date for foreign political office for purposes of— "(A) influencing any act or decision of such party, official, or candidate in its or his official capacity, including a decision to fail to perform its or his official functions; or " (B) inducing such party, official, or candidate to use its or his influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence any act or decision of such gov- ernment or instrumentality, in order to assist such issuer in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person; or "(3) any person, while knowing or having reason to know that all or a portion of such money or thing of value will be offered, given, or promised, directly or indirectly, to any foreign official, to any foreign political party or official thereof, or to any candi- date for foreign political office, for purposes of— " (A) influencing any act or decision of such foreign official, political party, party official, or candidate in his or its official capacity, including a decision to fail to perform his or its official functions; or "(B) inducing such foreign official, political party, party official, or candidate to use his or its influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence
91 STAT. 1496 PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 any act or decision of such government or instrumentality, in order to assist such issuer in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person. "Foreign "(b) As used in this section, the term 'foreign official' means any official." officer or employee of a foreign government or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof, or any person acting in an official capacity for or on behalf of such government or department, agency, or instrumentality. Such term does not include any employee of a foreign government or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof whose duties are essentially ministerial or clerical.". Penalties. (b)(1) Section 32(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 Ante, p. 1495. U.S.C. 78ff(a)) is amended by inserting "(other than section 30A)" immediately after "title" the first place it appears. (2) Section 32 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78ff) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(c) (1) Any issuer which violates section 30A(a) of this title shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000. "(2) Any officer or director of an issuer, or any stockholder acting on behalf of such issuer, who willfully violates section 30A(a) of this title shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or impris- oned not more than five yearSj or both. "(3) Whenever an issuer is found to have violated section 30A(a) of this title, any employee or agent of such issuer who is a United States citizen, national, or resident or is otherwise subject to the juris- diction of the United States (other than an officer, director, or stock- holder of such issuer), and who willfully carried out the act or prac- tice constituting such violation shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. "(4) Whenever a fine is imposed under paragraph (2) or (3) of this subsection upon any officer, director, stockholder, employee, or agent of an issuer, such fine shall not be paid, directly or indirectly, by such issuer.". FOREIGN CORRUPT PRACTICES BY DOMESTIC CONCERNS 15 use 78dcl-2. SEC. 104. (a) I t shall be unlawful for any domestic concern, other than an issuer which is subject to section 30A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or any officer, director, employee, or agent of such domestic concern or any stockholder thereof acting on behalf of such domestic concern, to make use of the mails or any means or instru- mentality of interstate commerce corruptly in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay, or authorization of the payment of any money, or offer, gift, promise to give, or authorization of the giving of anything of value to— (1) any foreign official for purposes of— (A) influencing any act or decision of such foreign official in his official capacity, including a decision to fail to perform his official functions; or (B) inducing such foreign official to use his influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence any act or decision of such government or instrumentality, in order to assist such domestic concern in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person;
PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 91 STAT. 1497 (2) any foreign political party or official thereof or any candi- - date for foreign political office for purposes of— (A) influencing any act or decision of such party, official, or candidate in its or his official capacity, including a decision r' to fail to perform its or his official functions; or (B) inducing such party, official, or candidate to use its or his influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence any act or decision of such gov- ernment or instrumentality, in order to assist such domestic concern in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person; or (3) any person, while knowing or having reason to know that all or a portion of such money or thing of value will be offered, given, or promised, directly or indirectly, to any foreign official, to any foreign political party or official thereof, or to any candi- date for foreign political office, for purposes of— •) (A) influencing any act or decision of such foreign official, political party, party official, or candidate in his or its official capacity, including a decision to fail to perform his or its official functions; or (B) inducing such foreign official, political party, party official, or candidate to use his or its influence with a foreign government or instrumentality thereof to affect or influence any act or decision of such government or instrumentality, in order to assist such domestic concern in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, any person. (b)(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any domestic Penalties, concern which violates subsection (a) shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000. (B) Any individual who is a domestic concern and who willfully violates subsection (a) shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than ;;- i $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (2) Any officer or director of a domestic concern, or stockholder acting on behalf of such domestic concern, who willfully violates sub- section (a) shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (3) Whenever a domestic concern is found to have violated subsec- tion (a) of this section, any employee or agent of such domestic concern who is a United States citizen, national, or resident or is otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (other than an officer, director, or stockholder acting on behalf of such domestic concern), and who willfully carried out the act or practice constituting such violation shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (4) Whenever a fine is imposed under paragraph (2) or (3) of this subsection upon any officer, director, stockholder, employee, or agent of a domestic concern, such fine shall not be paid, directly or indirectly, by such domestic concern. (c) Whenever it appears to the Attorney General that any domestic Civil action, concern, or officer, director, employee, agent, or stockholder thereof, is engaged, or is about to engage, in any act or practice constituting a violation of subsection (a) of this section, the Attorney General may, in his discretion, bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States to enjoin such act or practice, and upon a proper showing a permanent or temporary injunction or a temporary restrain- ing order shall be granted without bond.
91 STAT. 1498 PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 Definitions. (d) As used in this section: (1) The term "domestic concern" means (A) any individual who is a citizen, national, or resident of the United States; or (B) a n j corporation, partnership, association, joint-stock company, busi- ness trust, unincorporated organization, or sole proprietorship which has its principal place of business in the United States, or which is organized under the laws of a State of the United States or a territory, possession, or commonwealth of the United States. (2) The term "foreign official" means any officer or employee of a foreign government or any department, agency, or instrumen- tality thereof, or any person acting in an official capacity for or on behalf of any such government or department, agency, or instru- mentality. Such term does not include any employee of a foreign government or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof whose duties are essentially ministerial or clerical. (3) The term "interstate commerce" means trade, commerce, transportation, or communication among the several States, or between any foreign country and any State or between any State ; and any place or ship outside thereof. Such term includes the intrastate use of (A) a telephone or other interstate means of communication, or (B) any other interstate instrumentality. Domestic and T I T L E II—DISCLOSURE Foreign Investment SEC. 201. This title may be cited as the "Domestic and Foreign Improved Disclosure Act of Investment Improved Disclosure Act of 1977". 1977. SEC. 202. Section 13(d) (1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 15 u s e 78a note. (15 U.S.C. 78m) is amended to read as follows: Equity security "(d) (1) Any person who, after acquiring directly or indirectly the acquisition, beneficial ownership of any equity security of a class which is regis- statement, filing. tered pursuant to section 12 of this title, or a,nj equity security of an Contents. insurance company which would have been required to be so registered except for the exemption contained in section 12(g)(2)(G) of this 15 u s e 78/. title, or any equity security issued by a closed-end investment company 15 u s e 80a-51. registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 5 per centum of such class shall, within ten days after such acquisition, send to the issuer of the security at its principal executive office, by registered or certified mail, send to each exchange where the security is traded, and file with the Commission, a statement containing such of the following information, and such additional information, as the Commission may by rules and regulations, prescribe as necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors— "(A) the background, and identity, residence, and citizenship of, and the nature of such beneficial ownership by, such person and all other persons by whom or on whose behalf the purchases have been or are to be effected; "(B) the source and amount of the funds or other considera- tion used or to be used in making the purchases, and if any part of the purchase price is represented or is to be represented by funds or other consideration borrowed or otherwise obtained for the purpose of acquiring, holding, or trading such security, a description of the transaction and the names of the parties thereto, except that where a source of funds is a loan made in the ordinary course of business by a bank, as defined in section 3(a) (6) of this title, if the person filing such statement so requests, the name of the bank shall not be made available to the public;
PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 91 STAT. 1499 "(C) if the purpose of the purchases or prospective purchases , is to acquire control of the business of the issuer of the securities, any plans or proposals which such persons may have to liquidate such issuer, to sell its assets to or merge it with any other per- sons, or to make any other major change in its business or corporate structure; "(D) the number of shares of such security which are bene- ficially owned, and the number of shares concerning which there is a right to acquire, directly or indirectly, by (i) such person, and (ii) by each associate of such person, giving the background, identity, residence, and citizenship of each such associate; and " ( E ) information as to any contracts, arrangements, or under- standings with any person with respect to any securities of the issuer, including but not limited to transfer of any of the securi- ties, joint ventures, loan or option arrangements, puts or calls, guaranties of loans, guaranties against loss or guaranties of profits, division of losses or profits, or the giving or withholding of proxies, naming the persons with whom such contracts, arrange- ments, or understandings have been entered into, and giving the details thereof.". SEC. 203. Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Equity security amended (15 U.S.C. 78m), is amended by adding at the end thereof ownership, the following new subsection: statement, filing. "(g)(1) ^^J person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 5 per centum of any security of a class described in subsection (d) (1) of this section shall send to the issuer of the security and shall file with the Commission a statement setting forth, in such form and at such time as the Commission may, by rule, prescribe— "(A) such person's identity, residence, and citizenship; and "(B) the number and description of the shares in which such person has an interest and the nature of such interest. "(2) If any material change occurs in the facts set forth in the Amendments, statement sent to the issuer and filed with the Commission, an amend- ment shall be transmitted to the issuer and shall be filed with the Commission, in accordance with such rules and regulations as the Commission may prescribe as necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. "(3) When two or more persons act as a partnership, limited part- "Person." nership, syndicate, or other group for the purpose of acquiring, hold- ing, or disposing of securities of an issuer, such syndicate or group shall be deemed a 'person' for the purposes of this subsection. "(4) In determining, for purposes of this subsection, any percentage of a class of any security, such class shall be deemed to consist of the amount of the outstanding securities of such class, exclusive of any securities of such class held by or for the account of the issuer or a subsidiary of the issuer. "(5) In exercising its authority under this subsection, the Commis- sion shall take such steps as it deems necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors (A) to achieve cen- tralized reporting of information regarding ownership, (B) to avoid unnecessarily duplicative reporting by and minimize the compliance burden on persons required to report, and (C) to tabulate and Information, promptly make available the information contained in any report filed availability, pursuant to this subsection in a manner which will, in the view of the Commission, maximize the usefulness of the information to other Federal and State agencies and the public.
91 STAT. 1500 PUBLIC LAW 95-213—DEC. 19, 1977 Exemption. " (6) The Commission may, by rule or order, exempt, in whole or in part, any person or class of persons from any or all of the reporting requirements of this subsection as it deems necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. Report to "(h) The Commission shall report to the Congress within thirty Congress. months of the date of enactment of this subsection with respect to (1) the effectiveness of the ownership reporting requirements contained in this title, and (2) the desirability and the feasibility of reducing or otherwise modifying the 5 per centum threshold used in subsections Ante, p. 1498. (d) (1) and (g) (1) of this section, giving appropriate consideration to— " (A) the incidence of avoidance of reporting by beneficial own- ers using multiple holders of record; "(B) the cost of compliance to persons required to report; "(C) the cost to issuers and others of processing and dissemi- nating the reported information; "(D) the effect of such action on the securities markets, includ- ing the system for the clearance and settlement of securities trans- actions; " ( E ) the benefits to investors and to the public; " ( F ) any bona fide interests of individuals in the privacy of their financial affairs; "(G) the extent to which such reported information gives or would give any person an undue advantage in connection with 15 use 78m, activities subject to sections 13(d) and 14(d) of this title; 78n. " ( H ) the need for such information in connection with the administration and enforcement of this title; and " ( I ) such other matters as the Commission may deem relevant, including the information obtained pursuant to section 13(f) of this title.". "Held of record." SEC. 204. Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is 15 use 78o. amended by inserting immediately before the last sentence the follow- ing new sentence: "The Commission may, for the purpose of this sub- sectioil, define by rules and regulations the term 'held of record' as it deems necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the pro- tection of investors in order to prevent circumvention of the provisions of this subsection.". • Approved December 19, 1977. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: HOUSE REPORTS: No. 95-640 accompanying H.R. 3815 (Comm. on Interstate and Foreign Commerce) and No. 95-831 (Comm. of Conference). SENATE REPORT No. 95-114 (Comm. on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 123 (1977): May. 5, considered and passed Senate. Nov. 1, considered and passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R. 3815. Dec. 6, Senate agreed to conference report. Dec. 7, House agreed to conference report. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 13, No. 52: Dec. 20, Presidential statement.