< Back to H.R. 3324 (96th Congress, 1979–1980)

Text of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on August 14, 1979. The text of the bill below is as of Aug 14, 1979 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979                                        93 STAT. 359

Public Law 96-53
96th Congress
                                   An Act
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1980 for international development and     Aug. 14, 1979
  economic assistance programs and for the Peace Corps, and for other purposes.         [H.R. 3324]

 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,                  International
                                                                                     Development
                                                                                     Cooperation Act
                                 SHORT TITLE                                         of 1979.

 SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "International Develop- 22 use 2151
ment Cooperation Act of 1979".                                   ''°^-
              TITLE I—DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
          AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AND NUTRITION

   SEC. 101. (a) Section 103(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961             Appropriation
                                                                                     authorization.
is amended by amending the first sentence to read as follows: "There                 92 Stat. 943.
are authorized to be appropriated to the President for purposes of this              22 u s e 2151a.
section, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes,
$659,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980.".
   (b) Section 103(b) of such Act is amended by adding at the end                     Forestry
thereof the following new paragraph:                                                  projects.
   "(3) The Congress recognizes that the accelerating loss of forests
and tree cover in developing countries undermines and offsets efforts
to improve agricultural production and nutrition and otherwise to
meet the basic human needs of the poor. Deforestation results in
increased flooding, reduction in water supply for agricultural capac-
ity, loss of firewood and needed wood products, and loss of valuable
plants and animals. In order to maintain and increase forest
resources, the President is authorized to provide assistance under
this section for forestry projects which are essential to fulfill the
fundamental purposes of this section. Emphasis shall be given to
community woodlots, agroforestry, reforestation, protection of water-
shed forests, and more effective forest management.".
   (c) Section 103 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof                National
the following new subsection:                                                         food security.
   "(f) The Congress finds that the efforts of developing countries to
enhance their national food security deserves encouragement as a
matter of United States development assistance policy. Measures
complementary to assistance for expanding food production in devel-
oping countries are needed to help assure that food becomes increas-
ingly available on a regular basis to the poor in such countries.
Therefore, United States bilateral assistance under this Act and the
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, and                        7 u s e 1691
United States participation in multilateral institutions, shall empha-                note.
size policies and programs which assist developing countries to
increase their national food security by improving their food policies
and management and by strengthening national food reserves, with
particular concern for the needs of the poor, through measures

93 STAT. 360 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 encouraging domestic production, building national food reserves, expanding available storage facilities, reducing postharvest food losses, and improving food distribution.''. POPULATION AND HEALTH Appropriation SEC. 102. (a) The first sentence of section 104(g) of the Foreign authorization. Assistance Act of 1961 is amended to read as follows: "There are 92 Stat. 945. 22 u s e 2151b. authorized to be appropriated to the President, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes— "(1) $201,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980 to carry out subsection (b) of this section; and "(2) $141,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980 to carry out subsection (c) of this section, of which amount not less than $4,000,000 shall be made available to assist in the development of the John Sparkman Center for International Public Health Education to be located at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.". OD) Section 104(d)(1) of such Act is amended by inserting immedi- ately before the period at the end of the second sentence the following: ", and through community-based development programs which give recognition to people motivated to limit the size of their families". EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT Appropriation SEC. 103. (a) The second sentence of section 105(a) of the Foreign authorization. Assistance Act of 1961 is amended to read as follows: "There are 22 u s e 2151c. authorized to be appropriated to the President for purposes of this section, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, $105,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980, which are authorized to remain available until expended.". (b) Section 105(b) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Assistance under this section shall also be provided for advanced education and training of people of developing countries in such disciplines as are required for planning and implementation of public and private development activities.". DEVELOPMENT OF INDIGENOUS ENERGY RESOURCES 92 Stat. 937. SEC. 104. (a) Section 102(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 u s e 2151-1. amended— (1) in paragraph (5) by striking out "and" immediately after the last semicolon and by inserting "; and energy development and production" immediately before the period; and (2) in paragraph (7) by inserting "the development, production, and" immediately after "promotes". 22 u s e 2151d. (b) Section 106 of such Act is amended— (1) in subsection (a)— (A) by striking out paragraph (2), and (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as para- graphs (2) through (5), respectively; (2) by redesignating subsections (a) and Ot>) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively; and (3) by inserting the following new subsections (a) and (b) immediately after the section caption: "(a)(1) The Congress finds that energy development and production are vital elements in the development process, that energy shortages in developing countries severely limit the development process in
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 361 such countries, that two-thirds of the developing countries which import oil depend on it for at least 90 percent of the energy which their economies require, and that the dramatic increase in world oil prices since 1973 has resulted in considerable economic hardship for many developing countries. The Congress is concerned that the value and purpose of much of the assistance provided to developing coun- tries under sections 103,104, and 105 are undermined by the inability 92 Stat. 943. of many developing countries to satisfy their energy requirements. 22 u s e 2151a. 92 Stat. 945. Unless the energy deficit of the developing countries can be narrowed 22 u s e 2151b, by more fully exploiting indigenous sources of energy such as oil, 2151c. natural gas, and coal, scarce foreign exchange will increasingly have to be diverted to oil imports, primarily to the detriment of long-term development and economic growth. "(2) The Congress recognizes that many developing countries lack access to the financial resources and technology necessary to locate, explore, and develop indigenous energy resources. "(3) The Congress declares that there is potential for at least a moderate increase by 1990 in the production of energy for commercial use in the developing countries which are not members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. In addition, there is a compelling need for vigorous efforts to improve the available data on the location, scale, and commercial exploitability of potential oil, natural gas, and coal reserves in developing countries, especially those which are not members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. The Congress further declares that there are many benefits to be gained by the developing countries and by the United States and other developed countries through expanded efforts to expedite the location, exploration, and development of potential sources of energy in developing countries. These benefits include, but are not limited to, the following: "(A) The world's energy supply would be increased and the fear of abrupt depletion would be lessened with new energy produc- tion. This could have a positive impact upon energy prices in international markets as well as a positive effect upon the balance of payments problems of many developing countries. "(B) Diversification of the world's supplies of energy from fossil fuels would make all countries, developing and developed, less susceptible to supply interruptions and arbitrary production and pricing policies, "(C) Even a moderate increase in energy production in the developing countries would improve their ability to expand commercial trade, foreign investment, and technology transfer possibilities with the United States and other developed countries. "(4) Assistance for the production of energy from indigenous resources, as authorized by subsection (b) of this section, would be of direct benefit to the poor in developing countries because of the overwhelming impact of imported energy costs upon the lives of the poor and their ability to participate in development. "(b)(1) In order to help developing countries alleviate their energy problems by improving their ability to use indigenous energy resources to produce the energy needed by their economies, the President is authorized to furnish assistance, on such terms and conditions as he may determine, to enable such countries to prepare for and undertake development of their energy resources. Such assistance may include data collection and analysis, the training of skilled personnel, research on and development of suitable energy sources, and pilot projects to test new methods of energy production.
93 STAT. 362 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 Exploration "(2) Of the funds made available to carry out this section, up to of potential $7,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980 shall be used for purposes of oil, natural gas, and paragraph (1) to facilitate geological and geophysical survey work to coal reserves. locate potential oil, natural gas, and coal reserves and to encourage exploration for potential oil, natural gas, and coal reserves in devel- oping countries which are not members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.". Infra. (c) Section 119(a) of such Act is amended by amending the first sentence to read as follows: "The President is authorized to furnish assistance under this chapter for cooperative programs with develop- ing countries in energy production and conservation through research on and development and use of small-scale, decentralized, renewable energy sources for rural areas carried out as integral parts of rural development efforts in accordance with section 103 of this 92 Stat. 943. Act.". 22 u s e 2151a. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, ENERGY, RESEARCH, RECONSTRUCTION, AND SELECTED DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS Appropriation SEC. 105. Section 106(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as so authorization. redesignated by section 104(b)(2) of this Act, is amended to read as Ante, p. 360. follows: "(d) There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for purposes of this section, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, $125,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980, which are authorized to remain available until expended.". HUMAN RIGHTS STUDIES AND ACTIVITIES 22 use 2l5ln. SEC. 106. Section 116(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking out "the fiscal year 1979" and inserting in lieu thereof "the fiscal year 1980". RENEWABLE AND UNCONVENTIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES 92 Stat. 948. SEC. 107. (a) Section 119 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 u s e 2151q. amended by redesignating existing subsection (a) as subsection (b) and by inserting the following new subsection (a) immediately after the section caption: "(a) The Congress finds that energy production and conservation are vital elements in the development process and that energy shortages in developing countries severely limit the development progress of such countries. Inadequate access by the poor to energy sources as well as the prospect of depleted fossil fuel reserves and higher energy prices require an enhanced effort to expand the energy resources of developing countries, primarily through greater empha- sis on renewable sources. Renewable and decentralized energy tech- nologies have particular applicability for the poor, especially in rural areas.". (b) Such section is further amended by redesignating existing subsection (b) as subsection (d) and by inserting the following new subsection (c) between subsections (b) and (d), as so redesignated by this subsection and subsection (a) of this section: "(c) Such programs may include research on, and the development, demonstration, and application of suitable energy technologies (in- cluding use of wood); analysis of energy uses, needs, and resources; training and institutional development; and scientific interchange.".
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 363 SAHEL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM—IMPLEMENTATION SEC. 108. Section 121(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is Appropriation amended by inserting the following sentence immediately after the authorization. 22 u s e 2151s. first sentence: "In addition to the amount authorized in the preceding sentence and to funds otherwise available for such purposes, there are authorized to be appropriated to the President for purposes of this section $25,000,000.". RELATIVELY LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES SEC, 109. Section 124(c)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 92 Stat. 948. amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: 22 u s e 2151V. "Amounts due and payable during fiscal year 1980 to the United States from relatively least developed countries on loans made under this part (or any predecessor legislation) are authorized to be approved for use, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (1) of this subsection, in an amount not to exceed $18,800,000.". DEVELOPMENT AND ILLICIT NARCOTICS PRODUCTION SEC. 110, Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 126. DEVELOPMENT AND ILLICIT NARCOTICS PRODUCTION.—(a) 22 use 2i5ix The Congress recognizes that illicit narcotics cultivation is related to overall development problems and that the vast majority of all individuals employed in the cultivation of illicit narcotics reside in the developing countries and are among the poorest of the poor in those countries and that therefore the ultimate success of any effort to eliminate illicit narcotics production depends upon the availability of alternative economic opportunities for those individuals, upon other factors which assistance under this chapter could address, as well as upon direct narcotics control efforts. "(b) In planning programs of assistance under this chapter for countries in which there is illicit narcotics cultivation, the agency primarily responsible for administering this part should give priority consideration to programs which would help reduce illicit narcotics cultivation by stimulating broader development opportunities. "(c) In furtherance of the purposes of this section, the agency eooperation primarily responsible for administering this part shall cooperate with other United States fully with, and share its expertise in development matters with, other Government agencies of the United States Government involved in narcotics agencies abroad. control activities abroad.". AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD SEC, 111, Section 214(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is Appropriation amended to read as follows: 02 9^°f^9^0°"' "(c) To carry out the purposes of this section, there are authorized 22 use 2174 to be appropriated to the President $25,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980, which are authorized to remain available until expended,". HOUSING AND OTHER CREDIT GUARANTY PROGRAMS SEC. 112. (a) Section 222(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 92 Stat. 950. amended— 22 use 2182. (1) in the second sentence by striking out "$1,180,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$1,555,000,000"; and
93 STAT. 364 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 (2) in the third sentence by striking out "until September 30, 1980" and inserting in lieu thereof "through September 30, 1982". 22 u s e 2182a. (b)(1) Section 222A(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "five" and inserting in lieu thereof "six". (2) Section 222A(c) of such Act is amended by striking out "$15,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$20,000,000". 92 Stat. 951. (3) Section 222A(h) of such Act is amended by striking out "until September 30, 1979" and inserting in lieu thereof "through Septem- ber 30,1982". 92 Stat. 951. (c) Section 223(f) of such Act is amended— 22 u s e 2183. (1) by striking out everything after "not" in the first sentence through "exceeds" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "exceed"; and (2) by striking out "such Department" and inserting in lieu thereof "the Department of Housing and Urban Development". 92 Stat. 953. (d) Section 223(j) of such Act is amended— (1) in the first sentence, by striking out "(1)" and all that follows through "(3)" and inserting in lieu thereof "are coordi- nated with and complementary to any development assistance 22 u s e 2151. being furnished under chapter 1 of this part and which"; and (2) by striking out the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "Of the total amount of housing guaranties 22 u s e 2181. authorized to be issued under section 222 through September 30, 1982, not less than a face amount of $25,000,000 shall be issued for projects in Israel and not less than a face amount of $25,000,000 shall be issued for projects in Egypt.". FAMINE PREVENTION AND FREEDOM FROM HUNGER 22 use 2220b. SEC. 113. Section 297 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended— (1) in subsection (a)(3) by inserting ", in the developing coun- tries themselves to the maximum extent practicable," immedi- ately after "university research"; and (2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows: "(c) To the maximum extent practicable, activities under this section shall— "(1) be directly related to the food and agricultural needs of developing countries; "(2) be carried out within the developing countries; "(3) be adapted to local circumstances; "(4) provide for the most effective interrelationship between research, education, and extension in promoting agricultural development in developing countries; and "(5) emphasize the improvement of local systems for delivering the best available knowledge to the small farmers of such countries.". INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS Appropriation SEC. 114. (a) Section 302(a)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 authorization. is amended to read as follows: 92 Stat. 952. 22 u s e 2222. "(a)(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for grants to carry out the purposes of this chapter, in addition to funds available under any other Acts for such purposes, $267,280,000 for the fiscal year 1980, of which not to exceed $52,000,000 shall be available for voluntary contributions to the United Nations Relief and Works
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 365 Agency for Palestine Refugees, except that not more than $42,500,000 of this amount may be obligated unless the President certifies to the Congress that any contributions above this level have been matched by equivalent contributions by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.". G)) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds appropriated for the fiscal year 1979 to meet the annual obligations of membership of the United States in the United Nations and its specialized agencies may be made available for the furnishing of technical assistance by the United Nations and its specialized agencies. INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE SEC. 115. Section 492 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 92 Stat. 953 amended by striking out "$25,000,000 for the fiscal year 1979" and ^^ ^^^ ^^^^a. inserting in lieu thereof "$21,800,000 for the fiscal year 1980". ASSISTANCE FOR AFRICAN REFUGEES SEC. 116. Section 495F of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is f Stat. 953. amended in the second sentence— ^^ ^^^ '^'^^'^^• (1) by striking out "fiscal year 1979" and inserting in lieu thereof "fiscal year 1980"; and (2) by striking out "$15,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$14,920,000". COMPLETION OF PLANS AND COST ESTIMATES SEC. 117. Section 611(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 use 2361. amended by striking out "Memorandum of the President dated May 15, 1962" and inserting in lieu thereof "Principles and Standards for Planning Water and Related Land Resources, dated October 25, 1973". REPRESENTATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ON THE DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION COMMITTEE SEC. 118. Section 640B(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 22 use 2399c. amended in the third sentence by inserting "Energy," immediately after "Agriculture,". REIMBURSABLE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS SEC. 119. Section 661 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is Appropriation amended in the first sentence by striking out "$3,000,000 of the funds ^^*£.°V^^£°"- made available for the purposes of this Act for the fiscal year 1979" 22 use 2421 and inserting in lieu thereof "$3,800,000 of the funds made available for the purposes of this Act for the fiscal year 1980". OPERATING EXPENSES SEC. 120. Section 667(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is 92 Stat. 960. amended— 22 use 2427. (1) by striking out "fiscal year 1979" and inserting in lieu thereof "fiscal year 1980"; and (2) in paragraph (1) by striking out "$261,000,000" and insert- ing in lieu thereof "$263,000,000".
93 STAT. 366 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 REGISTRATION OF PRIVATE VOLUNTARY AGENCIES SEC. 121. Sections 123(b), 607(a), and 635(c) of the Foreign Assist- 92 Stat. 941; ance Act of 1961 and sections 104(f) and 202(a) of the Agricultural 22 u s e 2151u, Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 are amended by 2357, 2395. striking out Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid" and 7 u s e 1704, 1722. "Advisory Committee wherever they appear and inserting in lieu thereof "Agency for International Development". MISCELLANEOUS REPEALS 22 u s e 2151c, SEC. 122. Section 105(c), the last sentence of section 111, sections 113 21511, 2151k. (b) and (c), and section 118(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 are 92 Stat. 948. 22 u s e 2151p. repealed. Subsection (d) of section 113 of such Act is redesignated as subsection (b). MINORITY RESOURCE CENTER SEC. 123. Section 133 of the International Development and Food 22 u s e 2151 Assistance Act of 1977 is amended by adding at the end thereof the note. following new subsection: "(c)(1) Upon the enactment of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979, the section on minority business established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be redesignated as the Minority Resource Center (hereafter in this section referred to as the 'Center) which shall be responsible for increasing the participation of eco- nomically and socially disadvantaged business enterprises in con- tract, procurement, grant, and research and development activities funded by the agency primarily responsible for administering part I 92 Stat. 937. of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (hereafter in this section 22 u s e 2151. referred to as the 'agency'). Functions. "(2) The Center shall— "(A) establish, maintain, and disseminate information to, and otherwise serve as an information clearinghouse for, economi- cally and socially disadvantaged business enterprises regarding business opportunities in development assistance programs funded by the agency; "(B) design and conduct programs to encourage, promote, and assist economically and socially disadvantaged business enter- prises to secure direct contracts, host country contracts, oper- ation expatriate contracts, indefinite quantity contracts, subcontracts, projects, grants, and research and development contracts in order for such enterprises to participate in such development assistance programs; "(C) conduct market research, planning, economic and busi- ness analyses, and feasibility studies to identify business oppor- tunities in such development assistance programs; "(D) develop support mechanisms which will enable socially and economically disadvantaged businesses to take advantage of business opportunities in such development assistance programs; and "(E) enter into such contracts (to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts), cooperative agreements, or other transactions as may be necessary in the conduct of its functions under this section. "(3) The Administrator of the agency and the Secretary of State shall provide the Center with such relevant information, including procurement schedules, bids, and specifications with respect to devel- opment assistance programs funded by the agency, as may be
P U B L I C X A W 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 367 requested by the Center in connection with the performance of its functions under this section. "(4) There shall be a Director of the Center who shall be the chief executive officer of the Center. The Director shall be appointed by the Administrator of the agency. "(5)(A) For the purposes of this section, the term 'economically and "Economically socially disadvantaged enterprise' means a business— and socially disadvantaged "(i) which is at least 51 percent owned by one or more socially enterprise." and economically disadvantaged individuals or, in the case of a publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged individuals; and "(ii) whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. "(B) Socially disadvantaged individuals are those who have been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias because of their identity as a member of a group without regard to their individual qualities. "(C) Economically disadvantaged individuals are those socially disadvantaged individuals whose ability to compete in the free enterprise system has been impaired due to diminished capital and credit opportunities as compared to others in the same business area who are not socially disadvantaged. In determining the degree of diminished credit and capital opportunities, the Administrator of the agency shall consider, but not be limited to, the asssets and net worth of the socially disadvantaged individual. "(6) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Administrator of Report to the agency shall submit to the Congress a report concerning the Congress. activities of the Center during the preceding fiscal year. "(7) Of the funds available to the agency for operating expenses, up Allocation to $950,000 for fiscal year 1980 may be allocated to the Center to carry of funds. out its functions under this section. "(8) If the Administrator of the agency determines that such a Consolidation. consolidation would significantly further the purposes of this section and would eliminate unnecessary duplication of activity, the Admin- istrator may consolidate the Center with the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization established in the agency by section 15(k) of the Small Business Act. Any such consolidation shall 92 Stat. 1771. ensure that all the functions specified in paragraph (2) of this 15 u s e 644. Report to subsection continue to be carried out. Before implementing any such Congress. consolidation, the Administrator shall submit to the Congress a detailed report setting forth the reasons for the proposed consolidation.". PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO PANAMA SEC. 124. None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this title may be made available for assistance to the Republic of Panama, its agencies or instrumentalities, unless the President determines that assistance to Panama is in the national interest of the United States. ASSISTANCE TO LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES SEC. 125. It is the sense of the Congress that the United States 22 u s e 2151 should place greater emphasis on public and private resources for note. development programs in Latin America and the Caribbean which address problems common to the Western Hemisphere. It is further
93 STAT. 368 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 the sense of the Congress that provision of such assistance to Latin American and Caribbean countries, including transitional develop- ing countries, is consistent with the purposes of part I of the Foreign 92 Stat. 937. Assistance Act of 1961. 22 u s e 2151. INCREASED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE 22 use 2151 SEC. 126. In recognition of the rapidly growing economic strength "°*® and ability to contribute to international development and security efforts of other nations, it is the sense of the Congress that the President should take all appropriate steps to negotiate with those nations with adequate financial resources to provide assistance to increase their contributions for development assistance through multilateral programs as well as through bilateral efforts. TITLE II—FOOD FOR PEACE INCREASING DEMAND FOR FOOD AND ENCOURAGING LOCAL FOOD PRODUCTION SEC. 201. Section 108(f) of the Agricultural Trade Development and 7 use 1703. Assistance Act of 1954 is amended to read as follows: "(f) give consideration to the development and expansion of markets for United States agricultural commodities and local foodstuffs by increasing the effective demand for agricultural commodities through the support of measures to stimulate equi- table economic growth in recipient countries, with appropriate emphasis on developing more adequate storage, handling, and food distribution facilities;". ROLE OF INDIGENOUS INSTITUTIONS AND WORKERS SEC. 202. Section 202(b)(2) of the Agricultural Trade Development 7 use 1722. and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended to read as follows: "(2) In order to assure that food commodities made available under this title are used effectively and in the areas of greatest need, entities through which such commodities are distributed shall be encouraged to work with indigenous institutions and employ indig- enous workers, to the extent feasible, to assess nutritional and other needs of beneficiary groups, help these groups design and carry out mutually acceptable projects, recommend ways of making food assist- ance available that are most appropriate for each local setting, supervise food distribution, and regularly evaluate the effectiveness of each project.". ALLEVIATING THE CAUSES OF THE NEED FOR TITLE II ASSISTANCE SEC. 203. Section 206 of the Agricultural Trade Development and 7 use 1726. Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by amending clause (3) of the first sentence to read as follows: "(3) such agreement provides that the currencies will be used for (A) alleviating the causes of the need for the assistance in accordance with the purposes and policies specified Ante, p. 359. in section 103 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or (B) programs and projects to increase the effectiveness of food distribution and increase the availability of food commodities provided under this title to the neediest individuals in recipient countries.".
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 369 INCENTIVES FOR ENTERING INTO FOOD FOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS SEC. 204. (a) Section 301(a) of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended— 7 u s e 1727. (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ", or the dollar sales value of the commodities themselves," immediately after "the local sale of such commodities"; and (2) in the second sentence, by striking out "of funds from the sale of such commodities in the participating country" and inserting in lieu thereof "in the participating country of funds from the sale of such commodities or of the commodities themselves". (b) Section 305 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof 92 Stat. 955. 7 u s e 1727d. the following new subsection: "(c) When agricultural commodities made available under this title are used by the participating country in development projects in accordance with the applicable Food for Development Program, the dollar sales value of such commodities shall be applied, in accordance with subsections (a) and (b) of this section, against repayment obligations of that country under this Act, with the value of the commodities so used being deemed to be disbursements made at the time of such use.". (c) Section 303(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "for each 7 use I727b year such funds are to be disbursed" in the second sentence. PARTICIPATION OF AMERICAN AGRICULTURE IN FOOD FOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS SEC. 205. Section 302(c) of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by adding at the end thereof the 7 use 1727a. following new paragraph: "(4) In developing and carrying out Food for Development Pro- grams under this title, consideration shall be given to using the capability and expertise of American agriculture, in partnership with indigenous individuals and organizations, in furthering economic development and increased food production.". FULL FORGIVENESS OF REPAYMENT OBUGATIONS UNDER FOOD FOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS SEC. 206. Section 305(a) of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistant Act of 1954 is amended by adding at the end thereof the 92 Stat. 955. following: "Disbursements of funds from the special account in an 7 u s e 1727d. amount equivalent to the dollar value of the credit furnished by the Commodity Credit Corporation under section 304(a) shall be deemed to be payment of all installments of principal and interest payable thereon for the commodities purchased by the participating country for purposes of this title.". REPORTS UNDER TITLE III SEC. 207. (a) Section 306 of the Agicultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by inserting in the first sentence 7 USC I727e "a detailed description of how the commodities were used or" immediately before "a specific". (b) The first sentence of section 307(a) of such Act is amended to Annual Presidential read as follows: "Each year the President shall review all agreements review. providing for the use under this title of the proceeds from the sale of 7 u s e 1727f. agricultural commodities, or of the commodities themselves, with 59-194 O — 81 26 : QL3
93 STAT. 370 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 respect to which there was not full disbursement during the preced- ing fiscal year.". AVOIDING INTERFERENCE WITH PRODUCTION OR MARKETING IN RECIPIENT COUNTRIES SEC. 208. Section 401(b) of the Agricultural Trade Development and 7 use 1731. Assistance Act of 1954 is amended in clause (2)— (1) by inserting "or interference with" immediately after "to"; and (2) by inserting "or marketing" immediately after "produc- tion". DETERMINATION OP COMMODITY NEEDS AND PROGRAM BENEFICIARIES IN EACH COUNTRY SEC. 209. Section 404 of the Agicultural Trade Development and 7 use 1734. Assistance Act of 1954 is amended to read as follows: "SEC. 404. (a) The programs of assistance conducted under this Act, and the types and quantities of agricultural commodities to be made available, shall be directed in the national interest toward the attainment of humanitarian and developmental objectives as well as the development and expansion of United States and recipient country agricultural commodity markets. To the maximum extent possible, either the commodities themselves shall be used to improve the economic and nutritional status of the poor through effective and sustainable programs, or any proceeds generated from the sales of agicultural commodities shall be used to promote policies and pro- grams that benefit the poor. Country "(b) CJountry assessments shall be carried out whenever necessary assessments. jjj QJ-^QJ. ^Q determine the types and quantities of agricultural commodities needed, the conditions under which commodities should be provided and distributed, the relationship between United States food assistance and other development resources, the development plans of that country, the most suitable timing for commodity deliveries, the rate at which food assistance levels can be effectively used to meet nutritional and developmental needs, and the country's potential as a new or expanded market for both United States agricultural commodities and recipient country foodstuffs.". COMMODITIES FOR MULTIYEAR DEVELOPMENT PURPOSES SEC. 210. Title IV of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: 7 use I736g. "SEC 413. In order to best meet the humanitarian and developmen- tal purposes of this Act, commodities provided under this Act for developmental purposes shall be made available, to the maximum extent practicable, on a multiyear basis when necessary for the most effective accomplishment of these purposes.". TITLE III—PEACE CORPS AUTHORIZATION OP APPROPRIATIONS 92 Stat. 414. SEC. 301. Section 3 of the Peace Corps Act is amended— 22 use 2502. (1) jjj subsection (b), by striking out the matter before the first proviso and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "There are
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 371 authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this Act for fiscal year 1980 not to exceed $105,404,000"; and (2) in subsection (c), by striking out "for fiscal year 1978, $1,069,000, and for fiscal year 1979" and inserting in lieu thereof "for fiscal year 1980". PEACE CORPS PERSONNEL SEC. 302. Section 7(a) of the Peace C!orps Act is amended by adding 22 use 2506. at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(4) Until such time as the Congress enacts Foreign Service personnel reform legislation which amends or otherwise supersedes this paragraph, a person who has received a Foreign Service Reserve or staff appointment or assignment under this subsection may, not later than three years after the effective date of this paragraph or after separation from such appointment or assignment, whichever is later, be appointed to a position in any United States department, agency, or establishment— "(A) in the competitive service under title 5, United States Code, without competitive examination and in accordance with 5 use 101 such regulations and conditions consistent with this subsection «t seq. as may be prescribed by the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, or "(B) in an established merit system in the excepted service, if such person (i) served satisfactorily under the authority of this subsection, as certified by the President, for not less than thirty-six months on a substantially continuous basis, and (ii) is qualified for the position in question.". TITLE IV—INSTITUTE FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION STATEMENT OF POUCY SEC. 401. As declared by Congress in the Foreign Assistant Act of 22 use 3501. 1961, a principal objective of the foreign policy of the United States is 22 use 2151 the encouragement and sustained support of the people of developing ^'^^^ countries in their efforts to acquire the knowledge and resources essential to development and to build the economic, political, and social institutions which will improve the quality of their lives. The Congress reaffirms the profound humanitarian and foreign policy concerns of the United States in the economic and social progress of the developing countries and in the alleviation of the worst physical manifestations of poverty in these countries. In furtherance of that objective, the Congress recognizes that developing countries require extensive scientific and technological capacity in order to deal effectively with their development problems, relate to the industrialized nations, and constructively participate in the shaping of a stable world order. It is therefore in the mutual interest of the United States and the developing countries to increase scientific and technological coopera- tion and jointly to support long-term research on critical problems that impede development and limit the efficient use of the world's human, natural, and capital resources.
93 STAT. 372 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 PURPOSES AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INSTITUTE Establishment. SEC. 402. (a) To strengthen the capacity of the people of developing 22 u s e 3502. countries to solve their development problems through scientific and technological innovation, to foster research on problems of develop- ment, and to facilitate scientific and technological cooperation with developing countries, the President is authorized to establish an Institute for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Institute"), which shall be subject to the foreign policy guidance of the Secretary of State. (b) The Institute shall be guided by the policies set forth in sections 92 Stat. 937. 101 and 102 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and shall direct a 22 u s e 2151, substantial share of its resources to those objectives. 2151-1. FUNCTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE 22 u s e 3503. SEC. 408. (a) In carrying out its purposes, the Institute shall— (1) assist developing countries to strengthen their own scien- tific and technological capacity in order for them to undertake the research and experimentation necessary for development; (2) support research, in the United States and in developing countries, on critical development problems, with emphasis on research relating to technologies which are labor-intensive or which do not generate additional unemployment or underem- ployment and with emphasis on those problems which are the greatest impediment to improvement in the lives of the majority of the poor; (3) foster the exchange of scientists and other technological experts with developing countries, and other forms of exchange and communication to promote the joint solution of problems of mutual concern to the United States and developing countries; (4) advise and assist other agencies of the United States Government in planning and executing policies and programs of scientific and technological cooperation with developing coun- tries; (5) facilitate the participation of private United States institu- tions, businesses, and individuals in scientific and technological cooperation with developing countries; and (6) gather, analyze, and disseminate information relevant to the scientific and technological needs of developing countries. (b) In carrying out the functions specified in subsection (a), the Institute shall take particular care to review all of its programs, projects, and other activities to ensure that technologies which are developed, utilized, or promoted are assessed with regard to minimiz- ing any new problems and that participants in such programs, projects, and activities are fully aware of the need for such review with respect to any technology-related activities for which the are responsible. (c) For purposes of carrying out the functions of the Institute, the President may utilize, in addition to authorities conferred by this 22 u s e 2151 title, such authority contained in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, note. the Foreign Service Act of 1946, title V of the Foreign Relations 22 u s e 801 note. Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1979, and title IV of the International 92 Stat. 982. Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978, as the President 22 u s e 2656a. deems necessary, 92 Stat. 956. (d) The Institute shall carry out its functions in consultation and 22 u s e 2385a. cooperation with the agencies of the United States Government, international organizations, and agencies of other governments
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 373 engaged in promoting economic, social, and technological develop- ment in developing countries. (e) The President shall prescribe appropriate procedures to assure Coordination coordination of the activities of the Institute with other activities of procedures. the United States Government in furthering the use of science and technology in the cause of development. GENERAL AUTHORITIES SEC. 404. (a) To carry out the purposes and functions of the 22 use 3504. Institute, the President may— (1) make and perform contracts and other agreements with any individual, institution, corporation, or other body of persons however designated, within or outside the United States, and with governments or government agencies, domestic or foreign; (2) make advances, grants, and loans to any individual, institu- tion, corporation, or other body of persons however designated, within or outside the United States, and to governments or government agencies, domestic or foreign; (3) employ such personnel as necessary and fix their compensa- tion; (4) make provision for compensation, transportation, housing, subsistence (or per diem in lieu thereof), and health care or health and accident insurance for foreign nationals engaged in activities authorized by this title while they are away from their homes, without regard to the provisions of any other law; (5) accept and use money, funds, property, and services of any kind by gift, devise, bequest, grant, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Institute; (6) acquire by purchase, lease, loan, bequest, or gift and hold and dispose of by sale, lease, loan, or grant, real and personal property of all kinds; (7) prescribe, amend, and repeal such rules and regulations as may be necessary to the conduct of the business of the Institute; (8) utilize information, services, facilities, officers, and em- ployees of any agency of the United States Government; (9) establish a principal office in the United States and such other offices within or outside the United States, as may be necessary; (10) make such expenditures as may be necessary for adminis- tering the provisions of this title; (11) adopt, alter, and use an official seal for the Institute, which shall be judicially noticed; and (12) take such other actions as may be necessary and incident to carrying out the functions of the Institute. (b) Any authority provided by this section involving the expendi- ture of appropriated funds shall be effective for a fiscal year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts. DIRECTOR OF THE INSTITUTE SEC. 405. (a) There shall be a Director of the Institute (hereafter in 22 use 3505. this title referred to as the "Director") who shall be the chief executive officer of the Institute. The Director shall be appointed by Appointment, the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and compensation. shall receive compensation at the rate payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5 of the United States Code.
93 STAT. 374 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 (b) The President may exercise any authorities conferred upon him by this title through the Director or any other agency or officer of the United States Government as he shall direct. The Director or head of any such agency or any such officer may delegate to any of his subordinates authority to perform any of such functions. DEPUTY DIRECTOR AND OTHER STATUTORY OFFICERS 22 use 3506. SEC. 406. (a) A Deputy Director of the Institute shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Compensation The Deputy Director shall receive compensation at the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5 of the United States Code, (b) The Deputy Director shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Director may prescribe. Additional (c) The President may establish up to two additional positions in positions. tjje Institute to be compensated at the rate payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5 of the United States Code. COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION Establishment. SEC. 407. (a) In order to further the purposes of the Institute, the 22 u s e 3507. President is authorized to establish a Council on International Scientific and Technological Cooperation (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Council"). Functions. (b)(1) The Council shall— (A) advise the Director with respect to the policies, programs, planning, and procedures of the Institute; (B) make recommendations to the Director on the use of the resources available to the Institute; and (C) advise the Director on matters involving the activities of the Institute overseas and appropriate relationships with the private sector, within and outside the United States. Report. (2) The Council shall prepare an annual report setting forth the major recommendations made and advice given pursuant to para- graph (1) of this subsection. (c) The Director shall seek the advice of the Council before making any decision with respect to the selection or termination of, or any significant change in, the areas and issues in which the Institute conducts its activities, and with respect to the transfer of specific programs and projects from any other Government agency to the New programs, Institute. The Council shall have the authority to review all new review. programs and initiatives before their implementation and to make recommendations with regard to the approval or disapproval of new programs and initiatives having a cost in excess of $500,000 or a duration greater than two years. Membership. (d) The Council shall consist of up to twenty-five members appointed by the President, one of whom the President shall desig- Terms of nate as Chairman. The members of the Council shall be appointed for office. terms of four years, except that the members first appointed shall be appointed for terms of one, two, three, or four years, as designated by the President at the time of their appointment, so that the terms of approximately one-fourth of the members of the Council expire in any year. The members of the Council shall be selected from among— (1) citizens of the United States who are widely recognized for their broad knowledge of, or expertise in, science and technology,
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 375 or their interest in the scientific and technological problems of developing countries; (2) citizens of foreign countries who by their knowledge and expertise are capable of providing advice and guidance to the Institute on the application of science and technology to the problems of developing countries, except that not more than one- third of the membership of the Council shall consist of members who are citizens of foreign countries; and (3) officials of the United States Government, except that not to exceed five members of the Council may be appointed under this paragraph, one of whom shall be the Secretary of State or his designee. (e) Members of the Council who are not officials of the United Compensation. States Government shall be entitled to compensation, not to exceed the daily equivalent of the highest rate which may be paid to an employee under the General Schedule established by section 5332 of title 5 of the United States Code, while in the performance of their duties under this title, and to reimbursement for expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence while away from their homes or regular places of business in the same manner as persons employed intermit- tently in Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code. Members of the Council who are not officials of the United States Government shall not be deemed officers, employees, or otherwise in the service or employment of the United States Government for any purpose, except that members of the Council who are United States citizens shall be deemed Govern- ment employees for the purposes of sections 202, 203, 205, 207, 208, and 209 of title 18 of the United States Code. (f) The Council may appoint from among its members an Executive Executive Committee, and such other committees it deems necessary, to assist it Committee, in exercising its powers and functions. The Executive Committee appointment. shall consist of seven members, one of whom shall be the Chairman of the Council and not more than three of whom shall be employees of the United States Government. The Executive Committee shall exercise such powers and functions as are delegated to it by the Council. INSTITUTE FELLOWSHIPS SEC. 408. (a) The President is authorized to award up to twenty 22 USC 3508. fellowships annually for periods up to two years, such awards to be renewable for an additional period not to exceed two years, to individuals who have demonstrated exceptional competence and ability in the fields of scientific, technological, economic, or social endeavor selected by the Institute for concentration. The awards shall be made so as to encompass a wide diversity of disciplines and backgrounds, and shall be made on the basis of criteria established by the President upon the advice of the Council. Up to ten of the awards in any year may be made to citizens of countries other than the United States. Individuals awarded fellowships shall be designated as Designation. Institute Fellows. (b) The President may assign Institute Fellows to undertake such activities, in the United States or abroad, as will further the purposes of the Institute. (c) The amount of the awards made pursuant to this section shall be Amount of established by the President, but shall not in any case exceed the awards, highest rate which may be paid to an employee under the General Schedule established by section 5332 of title 5 of the United States
93 STAT. 376 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 Added benefits. Code. In addition, where appropriate, the President may make provisions for transportation, housing (when assigned outside coun- try of residence), subsistence (or per diem in lieu thereof), and health care or health or accident insurance for Institute Fellows and their dependents while engaged in activities authorized by this title. (d) Except as provided otherwise in this section. Institute Fellows shall not be deemed employees or otherwise in the service or employment of the United States Government. Institute Fellows shall be considered employees for purposes of compensation of inju- 5 u s e 8101 ries under chapter 81 of title 5 of the United States Code and the tort et seq. claim provisions of chapter 171 of title 28 of the United States Code. 28 u s e 2671 et seq. In addition. Institute Fellows who are United States citizens shall be considered Government employees for purposes of sections 202, 203, 205,207,208, and 209 of title 18 of the United States Code. Alien (e) Alien participants in any program of the Institute, including participants. Institute Fellows and their dependents, may be admitted to the United States, if otherwise qualified as non-immigrants under section 8 u s e 1101. 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, for such time and under such conditions as may be prescribed by regulations promul- gated by the Secretary of State and the Attorney General. CONFUCT OF INTEREST 22 use 3509. SEC. 409. Members of the Council and Institute Fellows shall avoid any action, in their activities with respect to the Institute, which might result in, or create the appearance of, a conflict of interest, including but not limited to— (1) using their office or position for private gain; (2) giving preferential treatment to any person; (3) making recommendations or decisions relating to any activity authorized by this title in other than an impartial and independent manner; (4) misusing Government property or official information obtained through their office or position which has not been made available to the general public; or (5) affecting adversely the confidence of the public in the integrity of the Institute. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS 22 use 3510. SEC. 410. There are authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this title, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purpose, $23,750,000 for the fiscal year 1980. Funds appropriated under this section are authorized to remain available until expended. ANNUAL REPORT Report to SEC. 411. (a) Within ninety days after the end of each fiscal year, the eongress. President shall submit to Congress a complete and detailed report of 22 u s e 3511. the Institute's operations during such fiscal year. Each such report shall include a detailed discussion of the impact of the programs of the Institute on development and shall specify what percentage of the Institute's funds (excluding funds used for operating expenses) were used during such fiscal year for activities which further the policies 92 Stat. 938. set forth in section 102 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. 22 u s e 2151-1. (b) Each such report shall include the report prepared by the Council pursuant to section 407(b)(2).
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 377 CONFORMING AMENDMENTS SEC. 412. (a) Section 5314 of title 5 of the United States Code, 5 USC 5314. relating to level III of the Executive Schedule, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(70) Director, Institute for Scientific and Technological Coop- eration.". (b) Section 5315 of title 5 of the United States Code, relating to level IV of the Executive Schedule, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(128) Deputy Director, Institute for Scientific and Technologi- cal Cooperation.". (c) Section 5316 of title 5 of the United States Code, relating to level V of the Executive Schedule, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(152) Additional officers. Institute for Scientific and Techno- logical Cooperation (2).". E S T A B U S H M E N T I N INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AGENCY SEC. 413. Upon the establishment of the United States Interna- 22 use 3512. tional Development Cooperation Agency pursuant to Reorganization Plan Numbered 2 of 1979, the Institute shall be established within 93 Stat. 1378. such Agency. EXPIRATION OF AUTHORITIES SEC. 414. The authorities contained in this title shall expire on 22 use 3513. September 30,1984. TITLE V-MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS EARMARKING FOR LEBANON OF UNOBLIGATED BALANCES IN THE MIDDLE EAST SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FUND SEC. 501. Of the funds continued available for the fiscal year 1979 for the Middle East Special Requirements Fund by section 103 of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1979, 92 Stat. 1595. which are unobligated on the date of enactment of this Act, $5,000,000 shall be available only for Lebanon and may hereafter be continued available only for such country. MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO SUDAN SEC. 502. In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated Appropriation for grant military assistance for the fiscal year 1980 by section OO*T^QS^QI9°' 504(a)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, there is authorized to note. be appropriated to carry out the purposes of chapter 2 of part II of 22 USC 2312. that Act for the fiscal year 1980 $1,700,000. Not more than $1,700,000 22 use 2311. of the funds available to carry out that chapter for the fiscal year 1980 may be allocated and made available for assistance for Sudan. For purposes of the last sentence of section 504(a)(1) and for purposes of section 515(bXl) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, this section 22 use 232ii. shall be deemed to be part of such section 504(a)(1).
93 STAT. 378 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 UNIFIED PERSONNEL SYSTEM SEC. 503. (a) Section 401(a) of the International Development and 22 u s e 2385a. Food Assistance Act of 1978 is amended by striking out "March 15" and inserting in lieu thereof "May 1". Effective (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall be effective as of date. March 15,1979. 22 u s e 2385a HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS note. SEC. 504. (a) Paragraph (1) of section 116(d) of the Foreign Assist- 22 u s e 2151n. ance Act of 1961 is amended to read as follows: "(1) the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (a)— "(A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and "(B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act; and". Report to (b) Not later than November 15, 1979, the Secretary of State shall eongress. suljmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 22 u s e 2151m chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a note. report on the impact on the foreign relations of the United States of the reports required by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 on the human rights practices of foreign governments. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN SEC. 505. Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: 22 use 2374. "SEC. 620D. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN.—(a) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act may be used to furnish assistance to Afghanistan nor may funds author- ized to be appropriated under this Act before October 1, 1979, be expended for assistance to Afghanistan until the President certifies to the Congress that— "(1) the Government of Afghanistan has apologized officially and assumes responsibility for the death of Ambassador Adolph Dubs; and "(2) the Government of Afghanistan agrees to provide ade- quate protection for all personnel of the United States Govern- ment in Afghanistan. "(b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall not apply if the President determines that such assistance is in the national interest of the United States because of substantially changed circumstances in Afghanistan.". PROHIBITION O N A S S I S T A N C E TO VIETNAM, CAMBODIA, AND CUBA 22 u s e 2151 SEC. 506. Funds authorized to be appropriated in this Act shall not note. be used for any form of aid, either by monetary payment or by the sale or transfer of any goods of any nature, to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Cambodia, or Cuba. NON-PROUFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS SEC. 507. (a) In accordance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act 92 Stat. 120. of 1978, the Congress strongly urges all nations which are not parties 22 u s e 3201 note.
PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 93 STAT. 379 to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to become parties to that treaty. (b) Not later than November 1, 1979, the Secretary of State shall Report submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the *« Congress. chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, a report specifying, on a country-by-country basis, what efforts the Department of State has made to encourage nations which are not parties to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to become parties to that treaty. ACCELERATED LOAN REPAYMENTS SEC. 508. (a) Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended by section 110 of this Act, is further amended by Ante, p. 363. adding at the end thereof the following new section: "SEC. 127. ACCELERATED LOAN REPAYMENTS.—The Administrator of 22 use 2i5iy. the agency primarily responsible for administering this part shall conduct an annual review of bilateral concessional loan balances and shall determine and identify those countries whose financial resources make possible accelerated loan repayments. In particular, European countries that were recipients of concessional loans by predecessor agencies to the agency primarily responsible for adminis- tering this part shall be contacted to negotiate accelerated repay- ments. The criteria used by the Administrator in making these determinations shall be established in conjunction with the Commit- tee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.'. (b) The annual reports on foreign assistance which are submitted to 22 USC 2l51y the Congress in 1980 and 1981 pursuant to section 634 of the Foreign note. Assistance Act of 1961 shall describe the efforts made to negotiate 92 Stat. 957. accelerated loan repayments in accordance with the amendment 22 USC 2394. made by subsection (a) of this section. REFUGEE CRISIS I N SOUTHEAST ASIA SEC. 509. (a)(1) The refugee crisis in Indochina is unfolding as one of 22 USC 2151 the great human tragedies of our time. note. (2) At least seven hundred and fifty thousand human beings have fled Vietnam, Kampuchea, and Laos since the spring of 1975. (3) Approximately three hundred thousand human beings cur- rently remain in refugee camps throughout Southeast Asia. (4) As many as two hundred and fifty thousand human beings may have perished in their attempts to reach freedom and many thou- sands more face death should the present situation continue. (5) The international borders are closing to the refugees fleeing from Indochina. (6) The international community has failed to respond adequately to the crisis, despite the existence of adequate mechanisms to respond. (b) It is the sense of the Congress that the President should continue to support the efforts of the Secretary General of the United Nations to use appropriate fora to deal with the refugee crisis in Southeast Asia. (c) The President shall study the prospects for permanent resettle- Report, ment of Indochinese refugees, in conjunction with bilateral and multilateral development assistance programs, so that no disruption of the economy of a host country would result. The President shall Report periodically report the results of this study to the Congress, with a ^ Congress.
93 STAT. 380 PUBLIC LAW 96-53—AUG. 14, 1979 preliminary report to be submitted no later than one hundred and twenty days after the date of enactment of this Act. CERTAIN TRAVEL EXPENSES SEC. 510. Section 5924(4)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking out "one annual trip each way for each depend- ent of an employee of the Department of State or the United States Information Agency, or" and inserting in lieu thereof "(i) in the case of dependents traveling to obtain secondary education, one annual trip, or in the case of dependents traveling to obtain undergraduate college education, two annual trips, each way for each dependent of an employee of the Department of State, of the International Commu- nication Agency, or of the Agency for International Development, or(ii)". HUMAN RIGHTS 22 use 2304. SEC. 511. Section 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds authorized to be appropriated under part I of this Act may be made available for the furnishing of assistance to any country with respect to which the President finds that such a significant improvement in its human rights record has occurred as to warrant lifting the prohibition on furnishing such assistance in the national interest of the United States.". EFFECTIVE DATES 22 use 2151 SEC. 512. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and note. in section 5030)), this Act shall take effect on October 1, 1979. (b) Sections 11403), 123, 501, and 509 of this Act shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act. Approved August 14, 1979. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: HOUSE REPORTS: No. 96-79 (Comm. on Foreign Affairs) and No. 96-397 (eomm. of SENATE REPORTS: No. 96-137 accompanying S. 588 (Comm. on Foreign Relations) and No. 96-196 accompanying S. 588 (Comm. on Governmental Affairs). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 125 (1979): Apr. 4, 5, 9, 10, considered and passed House. June 18, 19, S. 588 considered in Senate. June 19, H.R. 3324 considered and passed Senate, amended, in lieu of S. 588. July 31, Senate agreed to conference report. Aug. 2, House agreed to conference report.