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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Mar 12, 1980.
Amends the Federal criminal code to specify prohibited activities with respect to the administration or use of a polygraph examination on behalf of an employer engaged in business affecting interstate commerce. Forbids any such examination from including inquiries into: (1) any event occurring more than seven years before the examination date; (2) any information or belief relating to any matter involving religion, race, politics, or labor organizations; and (3) any matter relating to sexual behavior, unless such behavior is related to job performance. Prohibits a person from administering any such polygraph examination unless the individual taking the test: (1) is given a verbatim statement of each question to be asked; (2) consents in writing to participating in the examination; (3) is informed that no Federal law requires such participation; and (4) is provided an opportunity to explain any reaction indicating emotional stress occurring during the examination. Prohibits a person administering such an examination from: (1) refusing to provide the individual with a copy of any report or recommendation prepared for the employer on whose behalf the examination was administered; (2) disclosing the test results to anyone except the individual or employer or in certain types of investigations; and (3) intentionally preparing any misleading, biased, or falsified report or recommendation in connection with such examination.