H.R. 7415 (96th): Victims of Toxic and Hazardous Substances Emergency Relief Act of 1980

May 21, 1980 (96th Congress, 1979–1980)
Died (Referred to Committee)
Elizabeth Holtzman
Representative for New York's 16th congressional district

This bill was introduced on May 21, 1980, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Introduced May 21, 1980
Referred to Committee May 21, 1980
Full Title

A bill providing emergency relief to individuals injured as a result of the disposal of toxic or hazardous substances, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

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GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

Victims of Toxic and Hazardous Substances Emergency Relief Act of 1980 - Directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency:
(1) to determine promptly, but in no event later than 15 days, whether toxic or hazardous wastes pose a serious and immediate threat to the public health or safety, whenever the Administrator receives evidence that such wastes may pose a threat to the public; and
(2) to submit to the President a recommendation that a state of hazardous substances emergency be declared, if the Administrator determines that such wastes pose such threat.
Authorizes the President, in the President's discretion and upon recommendation of the Administrator, to declare a state of hazardous substances emergency with such amendments and deletions to the Administrator's recommendations as the President sees fit.
Directs the Administrator:
(1) after such state of emergency has been declared, to forward recommendations for immediate actions to protect the public health and safety to the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and
(2) thereafter, to act promptly to (a) determine the extent of the contamination of air, land, and water (including ground water), and (b) screen and test the population likely to have been exposed to such wastes in a manner or degree capable of causing physical injury (including any poisoning, burn, infection, chromosomal damage, or genetic defect); (c) study crops and livestock in the affected area and identify those unfit for human consumption; and (d) evaluate alternatives to prevent further damage to human life or health.
Directs the Administrator to submit initial and supplemental reports and recommendations at specified times to the Director. Requires the Director, on the basis of such reports and recommendations and other relevant information, to undertake promptly, during the first 12 months following the declaration of a state of emergency, actions necessary to protect public health and safety, including:
(1) immediate relocation of the physically injured or those in serious danger;
(2) permanent closing of contaminated structures and property;
(3) purchase, at prior fair market value, of homes closed;
(4) medical treatment to reverse, treat, or prevent physical injury or reimbursement for such treatment;
(5) compensatory payments for residents whose income is interrupted due to the toxic or hazardous wastes; and
(6) commencement of a screening program for early detection of future physical injury resulting from exposure to such wastes.
Subrogates the United States to the rights of any individual compensated under this Act, to the extent that such individual has a cause of action against a person who has disposed of a toxic or hazardous substance and such disposal has resulted in a state of hazardous substances emergency.
Requires that the emergency state be terminated 12 months after it is declared or upon the President's declaration of termination.
Authorizes appropriations to carry out this Act.

House Republican Conference Summary

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No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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