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S. 815 (97th): Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1982

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

11/3/1981--Conference report filed in House. (Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 97-311) Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1982 - Title I: Procurement - Authorizes appropriations for fiscal year 1982 for the armed forces for procurement of aircraft, missiles, naval vessels, tracked combat vehicles, torpedoes, other weapons, and the Army National Guard. Specifies contributions to the cost of acquisition of the Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Permits the Secretary of Defense, in carrying out the Multilateral Memorandum of Understanding Between the NATO Ministers of Defense concerning the NATO AWACS Program, to waive reimbursement for the cost of specified functions performed by other personnel and to assume contingent liability for program losses and specified charges for fiscal year 1982. Title II: Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation - Authorizes appropriations for the armed forces for research, development, test, and evaluation for fiscal year 1982. Prohibits the appropriation of funds for the development or procurement of a long-range combat aircraft or an operational basing mode for the MX missile if both Houses pass resolutions of disapproval by specified dates. Title III: Operation and Maintenance - Authorizes appropriations for the armed forces (other than the Coast Guard) and for other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance purposes. Authorizes additional sums for increases in benefits for civilian employees of the Department of Defense. Prohibits the use of funds to convert military veterinary positions to civilian positions and to contract out an entire medical facility. Title IV: Active Forces - Establishes end strength levels for fiscal year 1982 for active duty personnel for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and the Air Force. Extends through fiscal year 1982 the limitation on the number of non-high school graduates with no prior military service who may be enlisted or inducted into the armed forces. Designates Air Force physician assistants as commissioned officers. Repeals the limitation on the number of military dependents permitted to accompany members of the armed forces stationed overseas. Directs the Secretary of Defense to report to the appropriate congressional committees quarterly on the number of dependents overseas who did or did not receive travel allowances. Changes the title of Commodore Admiral to Commodore for specified naval officers. Extends for two years the Department of Defense education loan repayment program. Title V: Reserve Forces - Establishes average strengths for fiscal year 1982 for: (1) the Army National Guard; (2) the Army Reserve; (3) the Naval Reserve; (4) the Marine Corps Reserve; (5) the Air National Guard; (6) the Air Force Reserve; and (7) the Coast Guard Reserve. Sets forth the number of Reserves serving on full-time active duty to administer, recruit, or train the Reserve components. Provides for the adjustment of average strength levels in the national interest and as specified. Increases the number of enlisted personnel who may be on active duty in support of the Reserve components for fiscal year 1982. Directs the Secretary to submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing a plan for resolving the existing shortage in pretrained military manpower required for a mobilization. Requires the Secretary to study the impact of using civilian and contract employees not subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice during an emergency. Extends for four years the authority for the selected reserve affiliation bonus. Title VI: Civilian Personnel - Establishes an end strength level for civilian personnel for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1982. Specifies the apportionment of such personnel among the various military branches and departments. Requires the Secretary of the Army to report to Congress on the utilization of such personnel within 60 days. Specifies the types of civilian employees to be included in such end levels. Permits the Secretary to increase the number of civilian personnel beyond the authorized end strength as specified. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to contract with university students for temporary technical support services at defense research and development laboratories. Title VII: Military Training Student Loads - Establishes average military training student loads for fiscal year 1982. Title VIII: Civil Defense - Authorizes appropriations for fiscal year 1982 to carry out the provisions of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950. Amends such Act to increase the amount that may be contributed to States for personnel and administrative expenses and to permit States to use these funds for both attack-related and disaster-related civil defense. Title IX: General Provisions - Requires the annual authorization of appropriations for procurement of ammunition for the Army and other specified procurement. Directs the Secretary to report annually to Congress concerning the equipment of the National Guard and the reserve components of the armed forces. Permits the President to defer the effectiveness of any Department end strength level during a national emergency. Permits the Secretary of Defense to make available to Federal, State, or local civilian law enforcement officials information, equipment, facilities and training and advisory personnel to assist law enforcement efforts. Directs the Secretary to issue regulations concerning the furnishing of and reimbursement for such assistance. Revises the formula for determining Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS) payments for charges for services by an individual health care professional. Increases the dollar threshold on defense contracts which may be negotiated by an agency head rather than advertised and bid for. Exempts the procurement of automatic data processing equipment or services involving military intelligence matters from laws otherwise applicable to the acquisition of such equipment or services. Directs the Secretary of Defense to procure services and property through multiyear contracts and other contract forms that will result in reduced costs and increased productivity. Permits cancellation provisions in multiyear contracts to the extent necessary. Requires that the appropriate committees of Congress be given 30 days notice before contracts with a cancellation ceiling above a certain level are awarded. Excludes procurement for the Coast Guard or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from such provisions. Amends the Department of Defense Appropriation Authorization Act, 1976, to repeal the cancellation ceiling on multiyear procurement contracts. Authorizes the President to regulate excessive profits on defense contracts during a period of war or national emergency. Requires that Congress be given 60 days notice of such regulations which shall be deemed approved unless a concurrent resolution of disapproval is passed. Requires the President to report to Congress annually on the effects of such regulations whenever they are in effect. Repeals the profit limitations on contracts for naval vessels. Permits the Secretary of Defense or the relevant military department to study the suitability for Federal, State, or local use of a military installation slated to be closed. Permits the Secretary to make grants to States and local jurisdictions to ameliorate the economic impact of an established, expanded, or closed military installation. Prohibits the use of appropriated funds to pay a price differential to relieve economic dislocations. Prohibits the Secretary of a military department from doing business with a contractor who has been debarred or suspended by another Federal agency. Permits the Secretary to contract with civilian owners of aircraft to have such aircraft modified to carry cargo and become part of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet. Amends the Military Selective Service Act to authorize a requirement that registrants under such Act to furnish his social security number. Permits the Director of Selective Service access to Federal Government records on any such persons. Requires the Director to furnish directory information to the Secretaries of Defense and Transportation upon request. Requires program managers for each major defense system to report quarterly to the Secretary concerned on the total program acquisition unit cost and any change in schedule milestones or system performances. Directs the Secretary to shut off further funds and notify Congress whenever such unit cost increases by a specified percent. Permits funds to be obligated for an additional limited period if the Secretary details specified reasons or if the system is essential for national security and no alternative exists. Directs the Secretary to report to Congress by a specified date on measures considered necessary to improve efficiency and eliminate waste in the operation of the Department. Authorizes the Secretary to assist in the Yorktown Bicentennial Celebration. Authorizes appropriations for such purpose.