S.J.Res. 3 (97th): A joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution to provide for the direct popular election of the President and Vice President of the United States.

Jan 05, 1981 (97th Congress, 1981–1982)
Died (Referred to Committee)
David Pryor
Senator from Arkansas
Related Bills
S.J.Res. 17 (98th) was a re-introduction of this bill in a later Congress.

Referred to Committee
Last Action: Jan 26, 1983

S. 2887 (identical)

Referred to Committee
Last Action: Sep 09, 1982


This resolution was introduced on January 5, 1981, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Introduced Jan 05, 1981
Referred to Committee Jan 05, 1981

No summaries available.

22 cosponsors (17D, 5R) (show)

Senate Judiciary

The committee chair determines whether a resolution will move past the committee stage.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.


Get a bill status widget for your website »


Click a format for a citation suggestion:


S.J.Res. stands for Senate joint resolution.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the president, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

The resolution’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

Constitutional Amendment - Provides that the people of the several States, and the District of Columbia shall elect the President and Vice President. Requires each elector to cast a single vote for two persons who shall have consented to the joining of their names as candidates for the offices of President and Vice President. Requires the electors of President and Vice President in each State to have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature, except that for electors of President and Vice President, the legislature of any State may prescribe less restrictive residence qualifications and for electors of President and Vice President the Congress may establish uniform residence qualifications.
Provides that:
(1) the pair of persons having the greatest number of votes for President and Vice President shall be elected, if such number is at least 40 percent of the whole number of votes cast; and
(2) if no pair of persons has such number, a runoff election shall be held in which the choice of President and Vice President shall be made from the two pairs of persons who received the highest numbers of votes.
Requires the days for such elections to be determined by Congress and to be uniform throughout the United States. Requires Congress to prescribe by law the time, place, and manner in which the results for such elections shall be ascertained and declared.
Allows Congress to provide for the case of the death, inability, or withdrawal of any candidate for President or Vice President before a President and Vice President have been elected, and for the case of the death of both the President-elect and Vice President-elect.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.

No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.

So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.

We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.

Use the comment space below for discussion of the merits of S.J.Res. 3 (97th) with other GovTrack users.
Your comments are not read by Congressional staff.

comments powered by Disqus