H.R. 1718 (98th): Temporary Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983

Introduced:
Mar 01, 1983 (98th Congress, 1983–1984)
Status:
Signed by the President
Slip Law:
This bill became Pub.L. 98-8.
Sponsor
Jamie Whitten
Representative for Mississippi's 1st congressional district
Party
Democrat
Text
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Last Updated
Mar 24, 1983
Length
Related Bills
H.Res. 97 (Related)
A resolution disapproving the proposed deferral of budget authority for the Mass Transportation Capital ...

Reported by Committee
Last Action: Mar 03, 1983

 
Status

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on March 24, 1983.

Progress
Introduced Mar 01, 1983
Passed House Mar 03, 1983
Passed Senate with Changes Mar 17, 1983
Conference Report Agreed to by Senate Mar 22, 1983
Signed by the President Mar 24, 1983
 
Full Title

An act making appropriations to provide productive employment for hundreds of thousands of jobless Americans, to hasten or initiate Federal projects and construction of lasting value to the Nation and its citizens, and to provide humanitarian assistance to the indigent for fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Cosponsors
none
Committees

House Appropriations

Senate Appropriations

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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Notes

H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


3/22/1983--Senate receded and concurred with amendment.
(Senate receded from amendment and agreed to a further amendment) Makes appropriations for FY 1983: (1) to provide productive employment for the jobless; (2) to hasten or initiate Federal projects and construction; (3) to provide humanitarian assistance to the indigent; and (4) for other purposes.
Title I - Meeting Our Economic Problems with Essential and Productive Jobs
Declares that the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Open Market Committee should continue actions necessary to achieve and maintain a level of interest rates low enough to generate economic growth and reduce the current unemployment level.
Makes appropriations to the Federal Buildings Fund, General Services Administration for alterations and repairs for projects which do not require prospectuses.
Makes supplemental appropriations for the demonstration of methods to accelerate the widening of existing highways.
Limits the total of all obligations for Federal-aid highways and Highway safety construction programs for FY 1983.
Makes supplemental appropriations for urban discretionary grants to accelerate the construction and improvement of urban mass transportation systems.
Provides that a specified amount of such funds shall be obligated at the discretion of the Secretary of Transportation in accordance with specified provisions of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964, while the remainder of such funds shall be available for "Interstate transfer grants - transit." Disapproves the proposed deferral of budget authority for the Mass Transportation Capital Fund (deferral numbered D83-59), as set forth in the presidential message transmitted on February 1, 1983.
Directs the Secretary of Transportation to make capital grants to the National Railroad Passenger Corporation for labor-intensive capital improvements.
Amends the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriation Act of 1983 to raise the amount available for labor-intensive projects for development of a safe and efficient airport system under specified provisions of the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982.
Directs the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), in making discretionary grants under such provisions of the latter Act, to give first consideration to eligible projects for which preapplications have been filed with the FAA on or before June 1, 1983.
Makes available a specified amount, from sums otherwise made available to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, for the Presidential Commission on Drunk Driving (thus extending the Commission's authority to continue its work).
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Veterans Administration for medical facilities and care.
Makes supplemental appropriations for community development grants for local communities and for urban areas of high unemployment.
Requires the Department of HUD to submit detailed quarterly reports to the appropriate congressional committees.
Provides that a specified portion of the new budget authority provided under the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program be available for the retention and creation of public service jobs, as authorized under specified provisions of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, without the ten percent limitation on the amount of funds for such public services activities.
Requires that one percent of the new budget authority provided for local community development programs in this Act be set-aside for the special discretionary fund for grants to Indian tribes.
Disapproves the proposed deferral D83-32A relating to the Department of HUD, Community Planning and Development, Urban development action grants as set forth in the presidential message of January 6, 1983.
Disapproves the proposed deferral D83-54 relating to the Department of HUD, housing programs, annual contributions for assisted housing, as set forth in the presidential message of February 1, 1983.
Requires that certain contract authority and budget authority be used to carry out a specified budget program for annual contributions for assisted housing-gross reservations, FY 1983.
Increases the limitation on the Department of HUD's FY 1983 official reception and representation expenses.
Requires that a specified minimum amount of research and technology funds available to the Department of HUD be made available to the Housing Assistance Council within 45 calendar days of enactment of this Act. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration, for local economic development assistance programs throughout a wide geographic area, as provided for by the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 and other specified Federal laws.
Makes supplemental appropriations for additional capital for the business loan and investment fund authorized under the Small Business Act. Prohibits the Small Business Administration (SBA) from declining to participate in a project of the certified development company program under the Small Business Investment Company Act of 1958 because other sources of financing include or are collateralized by obligations described in the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.
Requires that loans made with the proceeds of debentures guaranteed under such program be subordinated to such obligations.
Prohibits the SBA and any other Federal agency from restricting the use of such guaranteed debentures with such obligations if the project otherwise complies with SBA regulations and procedures.
Makes supplemental appropriations for additional capital for the business loan and investment fund authorized under the Small Business Act, for new direct loan obligations to help small businesses employ additional personnel.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Small Business Administration for salaries and expenses, to be available only for grants for resources development programs.
Requires that such funds be allocated to the States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico on the basis of numbers of unemployed residents.
Authorizes the Small Business Administrator to make such grants immediately, upon receipt of an appropriate certification by the Governor of any State or Puerto Rico or the Mayor of the District of Columbia. Provides for an expedited review and approval of rules regulations, and procedures for such grants, to be completed by April 15, 1983.
Makes appropriations to the Urban Parks and Recreation Fund for rehabilitation and repairs.
Limits the availability of such funds to grants for which:
(1) obligations are entered into before October 1, 1983;
(2) work will be in progress before January 1, 1984; and all Federal funds will be outlayed before September 30, 1984.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Interior, National Park Service, for improvement and maintenance of existing facilities.
Provides that a specified amount, to be derived from the Historic Preservation Fund, be available only for development grants to States and for related State administrative expenses not exceeding five percent of each State's grant.
Limits the availability of such funds to grants for which:
(1) obligations are entered into before October 1, 1983;
(2) work will be in progress before January 1, 1984; and
(3) all Federal funds will be outlayed before September 30, 1984.
Provides that a specified amount, to be derived from the Land and Water Conservation Act of 1965, be available only for development or redevelopment grants to States. Sets forth limitations, which are similar to those for the historic preservation grants, on the availability of such funds for land and water conservation grants.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, for:
(1) the National Forest System, for restoration, repair, and provision of forest roads, trails and other existing facilities;
(2) the National Forest System, to provide jobs, improve the growth rate of existing land inventories, and decrease the number of deforested acres of Forest Service lands; and
(3) for construction by the Forest Service. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Indian Health Service for construction, repair, and improvement of Indian health facilities and for other services to Indians. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Interior, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, for rehabilitation and maintenance of wildlife refuges, fish hatcheries, and research facilities.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, for programs to improve natural resources on Indian reservations.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) for:
(1) construction of the Hopi High School and related facilities;
(2) rehabilitation of existing irrigation systems; and
(3) renovation of BIA-owned jails.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the BIA for construction, repair, and improvement of Indian housing.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Agriculture, Farmers Home Administration, for:
(1) rural water and waste disposal grants;
(2) loans under the Rural Development Insurance Fund; and
(3) additional permanent full-time staff at the county office level to handle and supervise loans to avoid foreclosures.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, for:
(1) assistance for area planning for resource conservation and development; and
(2) watershed and flood prevention operations.
Makes supplemental appropriations for emergency measures to repair flood damage.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Agricultural Research Service to provide jobs for construction, repair, and maintenance of agricultural research facilities.
Makes appropriations for design, construction, repair, improvement, extension, alteration, necessary offsite road work, and purchase of fixed equipment or facilities of or used by the Food and Drug Administration, where not otherwise provided.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers-Civil, for:
(1) construction for river and harbor, flood control, shore protection, navigation, small continuing authority, and related projects as authorized by law, as well as emergency flood control and repair measures;
(2) operation and maintenance of existing river and harbor, flood control, and related works, as well as emergency flood control and repair measures; and
(3) flood control on the Mississippi River and tributaries, through planning, construction, maintenance rescue work, repair, and restoration including local roads and bridges, and cooperative projects for emergency flood control work.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, for:
(1) construction of industrial and municipal water, irrigation water, and hydroelectric capability projects;
(2) operation and maintenance relating to hydrogenerator uprating, soil and moisture conservation operations or reclamation projects, levee construction, repair, and restoration, and recreation area improvement; and
(3) loans to irrigation districts and other public agencies for construction of distribution systems on authorized Federal reclamation projects, and other loans and grants to non-Federal agencies.
Makes supplemental appropriations for the Tennessee Valley Authority Fund for improved maintenance renovation, construction, and repair of Tennessee Valley Authority facilities.
Makes appropriations to the Department of Justice, Federal Prison System, for planning, site acquisition and remodeling, and construction of new facilities, and constructing and equipping facilities at existing penal and correctional institutions.
Provides for transfer of a specified amount for renovating, constructing, and equipping State and local jail facilities that confine Federal prisoners.
Makes appropriations for construction and maintenance of military family housing for the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, and the Air Force. Permits contracts for certain projects authorized by Military Construction Appropriation Act, 1983,to be entered into after March 30, 1983 (rather than after May 31, 1983).
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Energy for low-income weatherization energy conservation.
Requires that such funds be expended according to specified regulations.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Energy for schools and hospitals weatherization assistance under the National Energy Conservation Policy Act. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Labor for Employment and Training Assistance. Allocates specified amounts from such funds to the Job Corps, summer youth employment, and services for displaced workers under the Job Training Partnership Act. Requires written certification by the supervising official that the assigned job was performed before payment is made to any individual for such summer youth employment funds.
Provides that State matching requirements for the displaced workers program under the Job Training Partnership Act shall not apply to such appropriations.
Makes supplemental appropriations for national grants or contracts with public or private nonprofit organizations and for grants to States under the community service employment for older Americans program under the Older Americans Act of 1965.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of HHS, Health Services Administration, for community and migrant health centers.
Allocates specified amounts from such funds for:
(1) home health services at such centers; and
(2) home health care services and training.
Permits each center to apply up to 20 percent of its funds under this Act for the purchase of inpatient hospital services for delivery and postpartum care to pregnant women and infants who have no other source of payment for such services.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of HHS, Health Services Administration, for maternal and child health grants under the Social Security Act, to increase the availability of essential health services for disadvantaged children and mothers.
Provides that such grants shall be allocated as provided under specified provisions of such Act. Requires State assurances that such grants will be used in addition to rather than in lieu of currently available funds for such purposes.
Makes supplemental appropriations for preventive health services, to be used for construction and renovation of facilities of the Centers for Disease Control. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of HHS, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration to carry out the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Block Grant for community care prevention and treatment programs, especially to meet problems associated with extended unemployment.
Requires State assurances that such grants will be used in addition to rather than in lieu of currently available funds for such purposes.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of HHS for Social Services Block Grants under the Social Security Act for social services to the unemployed and disadvantaged, which shall also include Expanded Food and Nutrition Education (Nutrition Aides). Prohibits reduction of the State allotment for FY 1983 to offset any reduction in a prior year allotment made pursuant to specified HHS regulations.
Requires State assurances that such grants shall be used in addition to rather than in lieu of currently available funds for such purposes.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of HHS to carry out the Community Services Block Grant for humanitarian assistance to the unemployed and disadvantaged, including those in rural towns and villages.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Education for school assistance in federally affected areas to construct or improve school facilities in school districts demonstrating an immediate and urgent need.
Allocates specified amounts of such funds to carry out certain provisions of the Federal impact aid program.
Makes appropriations for removal of architectural barriers in schools, under the Education of the Handicapped Act. Makes supplemental appropriations for projects with industry for handicapped individuals, under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
Makes supplemental appropriations for the College Work Study Program under student financial assistance provisions of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
Directs the Secretary of Education to make State allotments for such program in the same proportions among the States as the FY 1981 State allotments.
Makes appropriations for grants to States for construction, acquisition, expansion, remodeling and alteration of public library facilities, under the Library Services and Construction Act. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Agriculture for surplus removal operations in connection with perishable agricultural commodities.
Requires that such funds be:
(1) used to acquire and distribute surplus agricultural commodities in areas of high unemployment for use in cooperative emergency feeding facilities for indigent persons; and
(2) accounted for separately and in addition to existing funds held in reserve to support the price of perishable commodities as the need may arise.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to purchase from funds appropriated under specified Federal law and distribute to eligible recipient agencies domestically produced fresh and processed fishery products.
Makes appropriations for a feeding program for women, infants, and children (WIC) to provide supplemental food to low-income pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, their infants and young children up to age five who are at nutritional risk due to inadequate income resulting from the decline in the economy and the high levels of unemployment.
Requires that such funds be made available to local health clinics through State departments of health and to Indian groups.
Requires that such supplemental food be provided to such needy individuals upon determination of nutritional risk by health care professionals.
Makes appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to carry out an emergency food and shelter program through a national board of private voluntary organizations.
Directs the Director of FEMA to constitute a national board to determine how program funds are to be distributed to localities.
Requires that specified charitable organization be represented on the national board.
Requires each locality receiving program funds to constitute a local board to determine its fund distribution.
Requires that the same charitable organizations, if practicable, be represented on each local board.
Requires the Director of FEMA to award a grant to the national board within 30 days after enactment of this Act to provide emergency food and shelter to the needy through private voluntary organizations which are nonprofit, have a voluntary board, have an accounting system, practice nondiscrimination, and are able to deliver such services.
Limits total administrative costs to two percent of the total appropriation.
Requires the Commodity Credit Corporation to process and distribute surplus food under such program in cooperation with FEMA. Makes appropriations to FEMA to carry out an emergency food and shelter program through grants to the States. Directs the Director of FEMA, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Community Services, Department of HHS, and within 30 days of enactment of this Act, to make grants to States to carry out such program.
Sets forth procedures for determining State allotments.
Prohibits any part of such appropriation from being expended for the administrative costs of FEMA or any other Federal agency.
Requires that administrative costs be limited to two percent of the total appropriation.
Requires States to use such funds to supplement and coordinate efforts to supply food and shelter by voluntary groups and organizations.
Requires that, of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this title for specified accounts, at least 75 percent shall be made available only for projects and activities in civil jurisdictions with high unemployment, labor surplus areas, or in political units or pockets of poverty currently or prospectively eligible under the urban development action grant program administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Defines "civil jurisdiction" as a:
(1) city of 50,000 or more population;
(2) town or township in New Jersey, New York, Michigan, or Pennsylvania of 50,000 or more population and which possesses powers and functions similar to those of cities;
(3) county, except those which contain any of the types defined in
(1) or
(2);
(4) balance of county, consisting of a county less any component cities and townships identified
(1) or
(2); or
(5) county equivalent, which is a town in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, or Connecticut. Directs the Assistant Secretary of the Department of Labor to define a civil jurisdiction as having high unemployment:
(1) whenever such jurisdiction has had an average unemployment rate over the previous 12 months not less than 90 percent of the national average; or
(2) if such jurisdiction is currently or should become designated a Labor Surplus Area. Authorizes the Assistant Secretary upon State agency petition, to classify a civil jurisdiction as having high unemployment whenever such jurisdiction has experienced or is about to experience sudden economic dislocation resulting in significant job loss.
Directs the Assistant Secretary to publish a list of civil jurisdictions with high unemployment, within 30 days of enactment of this Act, and on a monthly basis thereafter.
Directs the Assistant Secretary to consider modification of criteria for counting specified types as fully employed persons.
Lists those accounts to which such requirements apply.
Directs the head of each Federal agency to which funds are appropriated or otherwise made available under this title, with respect to any program distributed according to a formula grant by State, to allot such funds according to the following formula:
(1) one-third among all the States, on the basis of relative numbers of unemployed residents;
(2) one-sixth among "long-term unemployment States" (i.e.
any State in which the unadjusted unemployment rate was equal to or above the unemployment rate of nine and four-tenths percent for June through November, 1982), on the basis of relative numbers of unemployed residents; and
(3) one-half among all the States, on the basis of the provisions of law authorizing each such program.
Requires States, to the extent practicable, to use such allotments:
(1) in areas where unemployment is highest and has been high for for the longest period of time; and
(2) for authorized purposes which have the greatest immediate employment impact.
Sets forth procedures for allocation of funds under this title for programs distributed according to a formula grant to political subdivisions of the State. Lists the programs to which such State allotment and local allocation procedures shall apply.
Directs Federal, State, and local officials to utilize funds under this title in a manner which maximizes immediate creation of new employment opportunities to individuals who were unemployed at least 15 of the 26 weeks immediately preceding the date of enactment of this Act. Declares the intent of the Congress that funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this title be obligated and disbursed as soon as possible so as to quickly assist the unemployed and the needy as well as minimize future year budgetary outlays.
Reuires that any such allotted funds which cannot be rapidly or efficiently utilized:
(1) be identified by the Office of Management and Budget in a report to Congress, within 30 days following enactment of this Act; and
(2) be realloted on the basis of the provisions of law authorizing each such program, within ten days following transmittal of such report.
Amends the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act to provide a program of supplemental unemployment benefits for certain employees with less than ten years of service.
Authorizes appropriations to the railroad unemployment insurance and administration accounts in the Unemployment Trust Fund to pay benefits and meet administrative costs under such program.
Makes supplemental appropriations for transfer into such accounts.
Requires that, during FY 1983, general administration of programs authorized under the Native Americans Program Act remain in the Department of HHS and not be transferred to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Directs the Secretary of HHS to continue to administer the financial assistance grants funded under such Act through the Administration for Native Americans, but does not prohibit interagency funding agreements between such Administration and other Federal agencies to develop and implement specific grants or projects.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that:
(1) a national weather information system must be maintained through a strong central National Weather Service;
(2) the Nation's civil operational remote sensing satellites (METSAT and LANDSAT) shall remain under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and
(3) no effort to dismatle, transfer, lease, or sell any portion of these systems shall be made without prior congressional approval.
Directs the Secretary of Commerce to authorize the city of Buffalo, upon its request, to sell or lease to any person the Shea's Buffalo Theater and Kleinhans Music Hall, without affecting the Federal assistance provided by a grant under the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 or any other law, if such transfer documents provide for the operation of such facilities as a performing arts centers for at least 25 years after the date of transfer.
Makes appropriations to the Department of the Treasury for expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary for the acquisition of aircraft (by any means other than purchase from a commercial source), operation and maintenance of United States Customs Service air interdiction program activities.
Title II - Temporary Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983
Termporary Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 - Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to make available to eligible recipient agencies, without charge or credit, surplus agricultural credit commodities acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) that are in excess of quantities needed for the fiscal year to carry out a payment-in-kind acreage diversion program, maintain U.S. share of world markets, and meet international market development and food aid commitments.
Requires the CCC, upon request, to provide such commodities in a form suitable for individual household or institutional use.
Permits such program to use up to 300,000 metric tons of wheat from the food security wheat reserve, if CCC wheat stocks are not available for program purposes.
Requires the CCC to use any additional reserves to replenish the food security wheat reserve by an equivalent quantity.
Directs the Secretary, whenever a commodity is made available without charge or credit under any nutrition program administered by the Secretary, to encourage consumption of such commodity through agreements with private companies for processing into end-food products, with the processing expenses to be borne by recipient agencies.
Makes appropriations for FY 1983 to the Secretary to make funds available to States for storage and distribution costs under such program.
Requires that a specified amount of such funds be made available for paying the actual costs incurred by charitable institutions, food banks, hunger centers, soup kitchens, and similar nonprofit organizations providing nutrition assistance to relieve situations of emergency and distress through the provision of food to needy persons, including low- income and unemployed persons.
Limits such payments to five percent of the value of commodities distributed by any such agency.
Waives, with respect to distribution of commodities under this Act a prohibition under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 against operation of commodity distribution programs in areas where the food stamp program is in effect.
Provides that commodities distributed under this Act shall not be considered income or resources for any purposes under Federal, State, or local law.
Makes specified penalties for misuse of commodities under the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 applicable to the program under this title.
Prohibits any State from charging recipient agencies any amount in excess of the State's direct costs of storing and transporting the commodities minus any Federal payment to the State for such purposes.
Requires that, notwithstanding any other provision of law, administrative expenses for the Commodity Supplementary Food Program, on commodities donated by the CCC during FY 1983, shall be paid from CCC funds and shall be 15 percent of the book value of the commodities donated.
Directs the Secretary to issue regulations within 30 days to implement this title.
Title III - Supplemental Appropriations
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, for advances to the Unemployment Trust Fund and other funds, to remain available until September 30, 1984.
Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, for grants to States for unemployment insurance and employment services, to remain available only to the extent necessary to meet:
(1) increased administrative costs resulting from changes in a State law or increases in the number of unemployment insurance claims filed and paid; or
(2) increased salary costs resulting from changes in State salary compensation plans embracing employees of the State generally over those upon whom the State's basic grant was based.
Requires that any portion of the funds granted to a State in the current fiscal year and not obligated by such State in that year be returned to the Treasury and credited to the account from which it derived.
Makes supplemental appropriations for additional capital for the Business Loan and Invest Fund of the Small Business Administration, authorized by the Small Business Act. Makes supplemental appropriations to the Department of Agriculture, Commodity Credit Corporation, for reimbursement for net realized losses.
Prohibits any part of any appropriation contained in this Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless expressly so provided in this Act.

House Republican Conference Summary

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