< Back to H.R. 3959 (98th Congress, 1983–1984)

Text of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1984

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on November 30, 1983. The text of the bill below is as of Nov 30, 1983 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983                                     97 STAT. 1153

Public Law 98-181
98th Congress
                                     An Act
Making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984,      Nov. 30, 1983
                           and for other purposes.                                      [H.R. 3959]

  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled. That the following                   Supplemental
sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not                          Appropriations
                                                                                     Act, 1984.
otherwise appropriated, to provide supplemental appropriations for
the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and for other purposes,
namely:
                                   TITLE I
                                CHAPTER I
         DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

           HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY OR HANDICAPPED FUND
  Title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-
Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-45),                     Ante, p. 219.
is amended by inserting before the period at the end of the para-
graph under the heading "Housing for the elderly or handicapped
fund" (97 Stat. 219, 220) the following: ": Provided further, That                   12 u s e ITOlq
notwithstanding section 202(aX3) of the Housing Act of 1959, loans                   note.
                                                                                     12 u s e 1701q.
made in tiscal year 1984 shall bear an interest rate which does not
exceed 9.25 per centum, including the allowance adequate in the
judgment of the Secretary to cover administrative costs and prob-
able losses under the program".
                   EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

         COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND OFFICE OF
                     ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

  For an additional amount for the "(Douncil on Environmental
Quality and Office of Environmental Quality", $600,000 to conduct a
study to consider and define a National Center for Water Resources
Research, and a study to define and plan a National Clearinghouse
for Water Resources Information.

              FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

                           SALARIES AND EXPENSES

   The limitation on spending for official reception and representa-
tion allowance for fiscal year 1984 contained in the "Salaries and
expenses" appropriation for the Federal Emergency Management
Agency in the Department of Housing and Urban Development-




     11-194 O       i5 —   38 : QL 3

97 STAT. 1154 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Ante, p. 219. Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-45), is increased from $500 to $2,000. STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE The Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Ante, p. 219. Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984, under the account, Federal Emer- gency Management Agency, State and Local Assistance, is amended by adding the following before the period: ": Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law for the fiscal year 1984, $55,000,000 is available for contributions to the States under section 205 of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950, as amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2286), for personnel and administrative expenses". EMERGENCY FOOD DISTRIBUTION AND SHELTER PROGRAM For an emergency food distribution and shelter program to be carried out by the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, $30,000,000, such sum to remain available for obligation until March 31, 1984, and to be made available under the following terms and conditions: (1) The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall, as soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, constitute a national board for the purpose of determining how the program funds are to be distrib- uted to individual localities. The national board shall consist of seven members. The United Way of America, the Salvation Army, the National Council of Churches, the National Confer- ence of Catholic Charities, the Council of Jewish Federations, Incorporated, the American Red Cross, and the Federal Emer- gency Management Agency shall each designate a representa- tive to sit on the national board. The representative of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall serve as chair- man of the national board. (2) Each locality designated by the national board to receive funds shall constitute a local board for the purpose of determin- ing how its funds will be distributed. The local board shall consist, to the extent practicable, of representatives of the same organizations as the national board except that the mayor or appropriate head of government will replace the Federal Emer- gency Management Agency member. (3) The Director of the Federal Emergency Managemen. Agency shall award a grant for $30,000,000 to the national board within thirty days after the date of the enactment of this Act for the purpose of providing emergency food and shelter to needy individuals through private voluntary organizations. (4) Eligible private voluntary organizations shall be nonprofit, have a voluntary board, have an accounting system, and prac- tice nondiscrimination. (5) Participation in the program shall be based upon a private voluntary organization's ability to deliver emergency food and shelter to needy individuals and such other factors as are determined by the local boards. (6) Total administrative costs may not exceed 2 percent of the total appropriation. (7) As authorized by the Charter of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Corporation shall process and distribute sur-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1155 plus food owned or to be purchased by the Corporation under the food distribution and emergency shelter program in cooper- ation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency. NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONSTRUCTION OF FACIUTIES For an additional amount for "Construction of facilities", $20,000,000, to remain available until September 30,1986, for partial funding of the construction of facilities at the John F. Kennedy Space Center for the Solid Rocket Booster assembly and refurbish- ment contractor and for warehousing to be used by the Shuttle processing contractor: Provided, That with the funds appropriated under the "Space flight, control and data communications" account in the 1984 Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act (Public Law 98-45), NASA may enter into a Ante, p. 219. contract with Morton Thiokol, Inc., to amortize the Thiokol Casting Pit Covers over a twelve-year period for a total cost of not to exceed $23,000,000 under the authority granted under Public Law 98-45. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION MEDICAL AND PROSTHETIC RESEARCH For an additional amount for "Medical and prosthetic research", $53,974,000, to remain available until September 30,1985. VETERANS JOB TRAINING For an additional amount for payment of expenses as authorized by the Emergency Veterans' Job Training Act of 1983 (Public Law 98-77), $75,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 1986. Ante, p. 443. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1. (a) Titles I through XI of this Act may be cited as the Domestic "Domestic Housing and International Recovery and Financial Sta- Housing and bility Act". International Recovery and (b) Titles I through V of this Act may be cited as the "Housing and Financial Urban-Rural Recovery Act of 1983". Stability Act. TABLE OF CONTENTS 12 u s e 1701 note. Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents. Housing and Urban-Rural TITLE I—COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT AND Recovery Act of CONSERVATION 1983. 12 u s e 1701 PART A—COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM note. Sec. 101. Low and moderate income benefit objective. Sec. 102. Definitions. Sec. 103. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 104. Statement of activities and review. Sec. 105. Eligible activities. Sec. 106. Allocation and distribution of funds. Sec. 107. Discretionary fund. Sec. 108. Guarantee of loans. Sec. 109. Use of grants to settle outstanding urban renewal loanb. Sec. 110. Transition provisions.
97 STAT. 1156 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 PART B—OTHER PROGRAMS Sec. 121. Urban development action grants. Sec. 122. Urban homesteading. Sec. 123. Neighborhood development demonstration. Sec. 124. Rehabilitation loans. Sec. 125. Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation. Sec. 126. Repealers. TITLE n—HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Sec. 201. Allocation and use of assisted housing authority. Sec. 202. Increase in single person occupancy limitation. Sec. 203. Priority for housing assistance. Sec. 204. Lease and grievance procedures. Sec. 205. Reporting requirements. Sec. 206. Amendments affecting tenant rents or contributions. Sec. 207. Voucher demonstration. Sec. 208. Renewal of section 8 contracts. Sec. 209. Repeal of new construction authority. Sec. 210. Single room occupancy housing. Sec. 211. Shared housing for the elderly and handicapped. Sec. 212. Pa3Tnents for operation of lower income housing projects. Sec. 213. Income eligibility. Sec. 214. Demolition and disposition of public housing. Sec. 215. Financing limitations. Sec. 216. Emergency shelter program. Sec. 217. Operating assistance for troubled multifamily housing projects. Sec. 218. Section 236 assistance. Sec. 219. Rent supplement program. Sec. 220. Report regarding housing neighborhood strategy area program. Sec. 221. Consideration of utility payments made by tenants in assisted housing. Sec. 222. Public housing child care demonstration program. Sec. 223. Housing for the elderly and handicapped. Sec. 224. Congregate services. Sec. 225. Demonstration project. Sec. 226. Section 235 homeownership assistance. Sec. 227. Pet ownership in assisted rental housing for the elderly or handicappeo TITLE III—RENTAL HOUSING REHABILITATION AND PRODUCTION PROGRAM Sec. 301. Rental rehabilitation and development grants. Sec. 302. Conforming amendments to the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. Sec. 303. Conforming amendments to the National Housing Act. TITLE IV—PROGRAM AMENDMENTS AND EXTENSIONS PART A—FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION MORTGAGE INSURANCE PROGRAMS Subpart 1—General Authorities and Requirements Sec. 401. Extension of mortgage insurance programs. Sec. 402. Amount to be insur^ under the National Housing Act. Sec. 403. Authorization of appropriations to cover losses to the Creneral Insurance Fund. Sec. 404. Elimination of requirement that Federal Housing Administration interest rates be set by law. Sec. 405. Minimum property standards. Sec. 406. Time of payment of mortgage insurance premiums. Sec. 407. Mortgage insurance for American Samoa. Sec. 408. Assignment of section 221(gX4) mortgages to Government National Mort- gage Association. Sec. 409. Termination of section 221 buy-back provision. Subpart 2—Single-Family Mortgage Insurance Programs Sec. 415. Title I insurance for existing manufactured homes. Sec. 416. Increased title I loan limits for manufactured homes and lots. Sec. 417. Refinancing manufactured homes under title I. Sec. 418. Counseling for persons assisted under temporary mortgage assistance pay ments program. Sec. 419. Cooperative housing. Sec. 420. Mortgage insurance for condominium units.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1157 Sec. 421. Single-family mortgage insurance on Hawaiian home lands. Sec. 422. Single family mortgage insurance on Indian reservations. Sec. 423. Treatment of Federal Housing Administration single family premiums. Sec. 424. Change in maximum loan-to-value ratio for modestly priced single family homes. Sec. 425. Nonoccupant single family mortgagors. Sec. 426. Payment of claims without acquisition of title. Sec. 427. Structural defects in Veterans' Administration-approved, Federal Housing Administration-insured new homes. Sec. 428. Reinsurance demonstration program. Subpart 3—Multifamily and Other Mortgage Insurance Programs Sec. 431. Discretionary authority to regulate rents or charges. Sec. 432. Removal of refinancing limitations on certain multifamily projects. Sec. 433. Limitation on prepayment of mortgages on multifamily rental housing. Sec. 434. Assumption of loss under multifamily co-insurance. Sec. 435. Mortgage insurance for manufactured home parks for the elderly Sec. 436. Mortgage insurance for public hospitals. Sec. 437. Mortgage insurance for board and care homes. Subpart 4—Insurance of Alternative Mortgage Instruments Sec. 441. Indexed mortgages. Sec. 442. Graduated payment mortgages for multifamily housing. Sec. 443. Adjustable rate mortgages for single family housing. Sec. 444. Shared appreciation mortgages for single family housing. Sec. 445. Shared appreciation mortgages for multifamily housing. Sec. 446. Insurance of mortgages not providing for complete amortization. Sec. 447. Premium charges for insurance of alternative mortgage instruments. Sec. 448. Report on home equity conversion mortgages for the elderly. PART B—FLOOD AND PROPERTY INSURANCE PROGRAMS Sec. 451. Flood insurance. Sec. 452. Crime and riot insurance. Sec. 453. Study of sinkhole insurance. PART C—REGULATORY AND OTHER PROGRAMS Sec. 461. Real estate settlement procedures. Sec. 462. National Institute of Building Sciences. Sec. 463. Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank. Sec. 464. Weatherization program. Sec. 465. Counseling. Sec. 466. Research authorization. Sec. 467. National housing partnerships. Sec. 468. Report regarding program changes. Sec. 469. Periodic report on residential mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures. Sec. 470. Public notice and comment regarding Department demonstration pro- grams. Sec. 471. Multifamily mortgage foreclosure. Sec. 472. Alternative mortgage transactions. Sec. 473. Due-on-sale clause prohibitions. Sec. 474. Cancellation of debt owed the Treasury and liquidation of new communi- ties program. PART D—SECONDARY MORTGAGE MARKET PROGRAMS Sec. 481. Amount to be guaranteed under the Government National Mortgage Asso- ciation mortgage-backed securities program. Sec. 482. Government National Mortgage Association commitment extension. Sec. 483. Special assistance and emergency mortgage purchase assistance functions of the Government National Mortgage Association. TITLE V—RURAL HOUSING Sec. 501. Short title. Sec. 502. Definitions. Sec. 503. Section 502 amendments. Sec. 504. Rehabilitation loans. Sec. 505. Technical services and research. Sec. 506. Standards for adequate housing. Sec. 507. General authority of the Secretary. Sec. 508. Amendment to section 511.
97 STAT. 1158 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Sec. 509. Repeal of section 512. Sec. 510. Determination of need for housing under sections 514 and 516. Sec. 511. Authorizations. Sec. 512. Section 515 amendments. Sec. 513. Farm labor housing. Sec. 514. Insured rural housing loans. Sec. 515. Definition of rural area. Sec. 516. Shared housing for the elderly and handicapped. Sec. 517. Rental assistance tenant contribution. Sec. 518. Technical and supervisory assistance. Sec. 519. Condominium housing. Sec. 520. FHA insurance. Sec. 521. Processing of application. Sec. 522. Rural housing preservation grant program. Sec. 523. Miscellaneous. TITLE VI—EXPORT-IMPORT BANK ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1983 Sec. 601. Short title. PART A—EXPORT-IMPORT BANK ACT AMENDMENTS Sec. 611. Extension of the Export-Import Bank Act. Sec. 612. Competitive mandate. Sec. 613. Advisory committee. Sec. 614. Terms of directors. Sec. 615. Report on authority Sec. 616. Exports of services. Sec. 617. Competitive insurance. Sec. 618. Small business needs. Sec. 619. Special facilities in support of United States exports. Sec. 620. Technical amendments. Sec. 621. Capital level of the Bank. Sec. 622. Medium-term financing. Sec. 623. Report to Congress. PART B—MATCHING CREorrs Sec. 631. Matching credits. Sec. 632. Report. Sec. 633. Technical amendment. PART C—TIED AID CREDIT EXPORT SUBSIDIES Sec. 641. Short title. Sec. 642. Statement of purpose. Sec. 643. Negotiating mandate. Sec. 644. Establishment of a tied aid credit program in the United States Export- Import Bank. Sec. 645. Establishment of a tied aid credit program in the Agency for International Development. Sec. 646. Implementation. Sec. 647. Definitions. TITLE VII-MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 701. Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Amendments. Sec. 702. Members to serve until successors are appointed. Sec. 703. Extension to March 30, 1984. TITLE VIII—INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Sec. 801. Promoting conditions for exchange rate stability. Sec. 802. Quota increase. Sec. 803. Special drawing rights. Sec. 804. Instructions to the United States Executive Director. Sec. 805. Elimination of agricultural export subsidies. Sec. 806. Sustaining economic growth. Sec. 807. Opposing Fund bailouts of banks. Sec. 808. Surplus commodities. Sec. 809. International cooperation. Sec. 810. IMF interest rates. Sec. 811. Borrowing in United States credit markets. Sec. 812. Trade provisions. Sec. 813. Reports to Congress.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1159 TITLE DC—INTERNATIONAL LENDING SUPERVISION Sec. 901. Short title. Sec. 902. Declaration of policy. Sec. 903. Definitions. Sec. 904. Strengthened supervision of international lending. Sec. 905. Reserves. Sec. 906. Accounting for fees on international loans. Sec. 907. Collection and disclosure of certain intemationed lending data. Sec. 908. Capital adequacy. Sec. 909. Foreign loan evaluations. Sec. 910. General authorities. Sec. 911. GAO audit authority. Sec. 912. Equal representation for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Sec. 913. Reports. TITLE X—MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS Sec. 1001. Inter-American Development Bank. Sec. 1002. Asian Development Bank. Sec. 1003. African Development Fund. Sec. 1004. Human rights. Sec. 1005. Study. Sec. 1006. Personnel practices. TITLE XI—IMF APPROPRIATION Sec. 1101. IMF appropriation. Sec. 1102. Condition of international financial system. TITLE I—COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION PART A—COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM LOW AND MODERATE INCOME BENEFIT OBJECTIVE SEC. 101. (a) Section 101(c) of the Housing and Community Devel- opment Act of 1974 is amended— 42 USC 5301. (1) in the first sentence, by inserting after "title" the follow- ing: "and of the community development program of each grantee under this title"; and (2) in the second sentence, by inserting after the first comma the following: "not less than 51 percent of the aggregate of the Federal assistance provided under section 106 and, if applicable, 42 USC 5306. the funds received as a result of a guarantee under section 108, 42 USC 5308. shall be used for the support of activities that benefit persons of 31 USC 1305. low and moderate income, and", (b) Section 104(bX3) of such Act is amended— 42 USC 5304. (1) by striking out the first semicolon and inserting in lieu thereof ", and"; and (2) by inserting before the semicolon at the end thereof the following: ", except that the aggregate use of funds received under section 106 and, if applicable, as a result of a guarantee under section 108, during a period specified by the greuitee of not more than 3 years, shall principally benefit persons of low and moderate income in a manner that ensures that not less than 51 percent of such funds are used for activities that benefit such persons during such period". DEFINITIONS SEC. 102. (a) Section 102(aX4) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 is amended— 42 USC 5302.
97 STAT. 1160 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (1) by striking out the semicolon and all that follows through "later'^ and Metropolitan (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new sentences: city. "In order to permit an orderly transition of each city losing its classification as a metropolitan city by reason of the population data of the 1980 decennial census or revisions in the designation of metropolitan areas or central cities, any city classified as or deemed by law to be a metropolitan city for purposes of assist- ance under any section of this title for fiscal year 1983 shall retain such qualiHcation for purposes of receiving such assist- Notification. ance for fiscal years 1984 and 1985. Any unit of general local Classification government that becomes eligible to be classified as a metropoli- deferral. tan city for fiscal year 1984 or 1985 while its population is included in an urban county for such fiscal year may, upon submission of written notification to the Secretary, defer its classification as a metropolitan city for all purposes under this title for fiscal years 1984, 1985, and 1986 if such unit of general local government continues to have its population included in such urban county under subsection (d).". Urban county. (b) Section 102(aX6) of such Act is amended by striking out the last 42 u s e 5302. sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following new sentences: "In order to permit an orderly transition of each county losing its classification as an urban county by reason of a decrease in popula- tion, any county classified as or deemed to be an urban county under this paragraph for purposes of receiving assistance under any sec- tion of this title for fiscal year 1983 shall retain such qualification for purposes of receiving such assistance for fiscal years 1984 and 1985, or for such longer period covered by a cooperation agreement entered into during fiscal year 1984. Notwithstanding the combined population smiount set forth in clause (B) of the first sentence, a county shall also qualify as an urban county for purposes of assist- 42 u s e 5306. ance under section 106 if such county (A) complies with all other requirements set forth in the first sentence; (B) has, according to the most recent available decennial census data, a combined population between 190,000 and 199,999, inclusive; (C) had a population growth rate of not less than 15 percent during the most recent 10-year period measured by applicable censuses; and (D) has submitted data satisfactory to the Secretary that it has a combined population of not less than 200,000.". Definitions. (c) Section 102(a) of such Act is amended by adding at the end 42 u s e 5302. thereof the following new paragraphs: "(20) The terms 'persons of low and moderate income' and 'low- and moderate-income persons' have the meaning given the term 'lower income families' in section 3(bX2) of the United Post, p. 1179. States Housing Act of 1937. The term 'persons of very low income' has the meaning given the term 'very low-income fami- lies' in such section. For purposes of such terms, the area involved shall be determined in the same manner as such area is determined for purposes of assistance under section 8 of such 42 u s e 1437f. Act. "(21) The term 'buildings for the general conduct of govern- ment' means city halls, county administrative buildings, State capital or office buildings or other facilities in which the legisla- tive or general administrative affairs of the government are conducted. Such term does not include such facilities as neigh- borhood service centers or special purpose buildings located in low- and moderate-income areas that house various nonlegisla-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1161 tive functions or services provided by government at decentral- (d) Section 102 of such Act is amended by striking out "Depart- 42 USC 5302. ment of Commerce" each place it appears in paragraphs (3), (4), and (9) of subsection (a) and in subsection (b) and inserting in lieu thereof "Office of Management and Budget". (e) Section 102(b) of such Act is amended by striking out the last sentence. if) The last sentence of section 102(d) of such Act is amended by inserting before the period at the end thereof the following: ", except where the unit of general local government loses the designation of metropolitan city". AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS SEC. 103. Section 103 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 is amended by striking out the second sentence and 42 USC 5303. inserting in lieu thereof the following: "There are authorized to be appropriated for purposes of assistance under sections 106 and 107 COAV^^ ^^^^' not to exceed $3,468,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1984, 1985, ^^O^- and 1986.". STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES AND REVIEW SEC. 104. (a) Section 104(aXl) of the Housing and Community Develpment Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof the 42 USC 5304. following new sentence: "In all cases, beginning in Hscal year 1984, the statement required in this subsection shall include a description of the use of funds made available under section 106 in fiscal year 42 USC 5306. 1982 and thereafter (or, beginning in fiscal year 1985, such use since preparation of the last statement prepared pursuant to this subsec- tion) together with an assessment of the relationship of such use to the community development objectives identified in the statement prepared pursuant to this subsection for such previous fiscal years and to the requirements of section 104(bX3).". Ante, p. 1159. (b) Section 104(aX2) of such Act is amended— (1) in the first sentence, by inserting "in a timely manner" after "shall"; (2) in subparagraph (A)— (A) by inserting after "citizens" the following: "or, as appropriate, units of general local government"; and (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end thereof the following: ", including the estimated amount proposed to be used for activities that will benefit persons of low and moderate income and the plans of the grantee for minimiz- ing displacement of persons as a result of activities assisted with such funds and to assist persons actually displaced as a result of such activities"; (3) by striking out "and" at the end of subparagraph (B); (4) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon; (5) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new subparagraphs: "(D) provide citizens or, as appropriate, units of general local government with reasonable access to records regarding the past use of funds received under section 106 by the grantee; and 42 USC 5306. "(E) provide citizens or, as appropriate, units of general local government with reasonable notice of, and opportunity to com-
97 STAT. 1162 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ment on, any substantial change proposed to be made in the use 42 use 5306. of funds received under section 106 from one eligible activity to another."; and (6) by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Any final statement of activities may be modified or amended from time to time by the grantee in accordance with the same procedures required in this paragraph for the preparation and submission of such statement.". 42 use 5304. (c) Section 104(b) of such Act is amended— (1) by inserting before the semicolon at the end of paragraph (2) the following: ", and the grantee will affirmatively further fair housing"; (2) by striking out "and" at the end of paragraph (3); (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); and (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraphs: "(4) it has developed a community development plan, for the period specified by the grantee under paragraph (3), that identi- fies community development and housing needs and specifies both short- and long-term community development objectives that have been developed in accordance with the primary objec- tive and requirements of this title; "(5) the grantee will not attempt to recover any capital costs of public improvements assisted in whole or part under section 42 use 5306. 106 or with amounts resulting from a guarantee under section 42 use 5308. 108 by assessing any amount against properties owned and 31 use 1305. occupied by persons of low and moderate income, including any fee charged or assessment made as a condition of obtaining access to such public improvements, unless (A) funds received under section 106 are used to pay the proportion of such fee or assessment that relates to the capital costs of such public improvements that are financed from revenue sources other than under this title; or (B) for purposes of assessing any amount against properties owned and occupied by persons of low and moderate income who are not persons of very low income, the grantee certifies to the Secretary that it lacks sufficient funds received under section 106 to comply with the requirements of subparagraph (A); and". (d) Section 104(cXlXA) of such Act is amended by inserting after "community" the first place it appears the following: "(including the number of vacant and abandoned dwelling units)". (e) Section 104(d) of such Act is amended— (1) by inserting "and evaluation" after "performance" in the first sentence; (2) by inserting "and to the requirements of subsection (bX3)" after "subsection (a)" in the first sentence; and Report. (3) by inserting after the first sentence the following: "Such report shall also be made available to the citizens in each grantee's jurisdiction in sufficient time to permit such citizens to comment on such report prior to its submission, and in such manner and at such times as the grantee may determine. The grantee's report shall indicate its programmatic accomplish- ments, the nature of and reasons for changes in the grantee's program objectives, indications of how the grantee would change its programs as a result of its experiences, and an evaluation of the extent to which, its funds were used for activities that benefited low- and moderate-income persons. The
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1163 report shall include a summary of any comments received by the grantee from citizens in its jurisdiction respecting its pro- gram. The Secretary shall encourage and assist national associ- Recommenda- ations of grantees eligible under section 106(dX2XB), national tions. associations of States, and national associations of units of 42 u s e 5306. general local government in nonentitlement areas to develop and recommend to the Secretary, within one year after the effective date of this sentence, uniform recordkeeping, perform- ance reporting, and evaluation reporting, and auditing require- ments for such grantees. States, and units of local government, respectively. Based on the Secretary's approval of these recom- Requirements. mendations, the Secretary shall establish such requirements for use by such grantees. States, and units of local government.". (f) The second sentence of section 104(gXl) of such Act is amended 42 u s e 5304. by inserting after "payment" the following: "and substantial dis- bursements from such fund must begin within 180 days after receipt of such payment". (g) Section 104 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections: "(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any unit of general local government may retain any program income that is realized from any grant made by the Secretary, or any amount distributed by a State, under section 106 if (1) such income was 42 u s e 5306. realized after the initial disbursement of the funds received by such unit of general local government under such section; and (2) such unit of general local government has agreed that while the unit of general local government is participating in a community develop- ment program under this title it will utilize the program income for eligible community development activities in accordance with the provisions of this title. A State may require as a condition of any Payment and amount distributed by such State under section 106(d) that a unit of waiver. general local government shall pay to such State any such income to be used by such State to fund additional eligible community develop- ment activities, except that such State shall waive such condition to the extent such income is applied to continue the activity from which such income was derived. "(j) Each grantee shall provide for reasonable benefits to any person involuntarily and permanently displaced as a result of the use of assistance received under this title to acquire or substantially rehabilitate property.". EUGIBLE ACnVITIES SEC. 105. (a) Section 105(aX2) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 5305. '(2) the acquisition, construction, reconstruction, or installa- tion (including design features and improvements with respect to such construction, reconstruction, or installation that pro- mote energy efficiency) of public works, facilities (except for buildings for the general conduct of government), and site or other improvements;". (bXD Section 105(aX8) of such Act is amended— (A) by striking out "10" and inserting in lieu thereof "15"; and (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end thereof the following: "unless such unit of general local government used more than 15 percent of the assistance received under this title
97 STAT. 1164 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 for fiscal year 1983 for such activities (excluding any assistance Ante, p. 13. received pursuant to Public Law 98-8), in which case such unit of general local government may use not more than the percent- age or amount of such assistance used for such activities for such fiscal year, whichever method of calculation yields the higher amount". (2) Section 303(b) of the Housing and Community Development 42 u s e 5305 Amendments of 1981 is amended by striking out ", 1983, and 1984" note. and inserting in lieu thereof "and 1983". (c) Section 105(aX14) of the Housing and Community Development 42 u s e 5305. Act of 1974 is amended by inserting after "public facilities" the following: "(except for buildings for the general conduct of government)". Elderly families. (d) Section 105(aX15) of such Act is amended by inserting the following before the semicolon at the end thereof: ", including grants to neighborhood-based nonprofit organizations, or other pri- vate or public nonprofit organizations, for the purpose of assisting, as part of neighborhood revitalization or other community develop- ment, the development of shared housing opportunities (other than by construction of new facilities) in which elderly families (as de- 42 u s e 1437a. fined in section 3(bX3) of the United States Housing Act of 1937) benefit as a result of living in a dwelling in which the facilities are shared with others in a manner that effectively and efficiently meets the housing needs of the residents and thereby reduces their cost of housing". (e) Section 105 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(cXD In any case in which an assisted activity described in paragraph (14) or (17) of subsection (a) is identified as principally benefiting persons of low and moderate income, such activity shall— "(A) be carried out in a neighborhood consisting predomi- nately of persons of low and moderate income and provide services for such persons; or "(B) involve facilities designed for use predominately by per- sons of low and moderate income; or "(C) involve employment of persons, a majority of whom are persons of low and moderate income. "(2) In any case in which an assisted activity described in subsec- tion (a) is designed to serve an area generally and is clearly designed to meet identified needs of persons of low and moderate income in such area, such activity shall be considered to principally benefit persons of low and moderate income if (A) not less than 51 percent of the residents of such area are persons of low and moderate income; or (B) in any jurisdiction having no areas meeting the requirements of subparagraph (A), the area served by such activity has a larger proportion of persons of low and moderate income than not less than 75 percent of the other areas in the jurisdiction of the recipient. "(3) Any assisted activity under this title that involves the acquisi- tion or rehabilitation of property to provide housing shall be consid- ered to benefit persons of low and moderate income only to the extent such housing will, upon completion, be occupied by such persons.". ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS 42 u s e 5306. SEC. 106. (a) Section 106(b) of the Housing and Community Devel- opment Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1165 "(6XA) Where data are available, the amount determined under Consolidation. paragraph (1) for a metropolitan city that has been formed by the consolidation of one or more metropolitan cities with an urban county shall be equal to the sum of the amounts that would have been determined under paragraph (1) for the metropolitan city or cities and the balance of the consolidated government, if such consolidation had not occurred. This paragraph shall apply only to any consolidation that— "(i) included all metropolitan cities that received grants under this section for the fiscal year preceding such consolidation and that were located within the urban county; "(ii) included the entire urban county that received a grant under this section for the fiscal year preceding such consolida- tion; and "(iii) took place on or after January 1,1983. "(B) The population growth rate of all metropolitan cities referred to in section 102(aX12) shall be based on the population of (i) 42 u s e 5302. metropolitan cities other than consolidated governments the grant for which is determined under this paragraph; and (ii) cities that were metropolitan cities before their incorporation into consolidated governments. For purposes of calculating the entitlement share for the balance of the consolidated government under this paragraph, the entire balance shall be considered to have been an urban county.". (b) Section 106(cXlXB) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 5306. "(B) in reallocating amounts resulting from an action under section 104(d) or section 111, a city or county against whom any Ante, p. 1162. such action was taken in a fiscal year shall be excluded from a 42 u s e 5311. calculation of share for purposes of reallocating, in the succeed- ing year, the amounts becoming available as a result of such action; and". (c) Section 106(c) of such Act is amended by adding at the end Transfer of thereof the following new paragraph: responsibility. "(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), the Secre- tary may upon request transfer responsibility to any metropolitan city for the administration of any amounts received, but not obligated, by the urban county in which such city is located if (A) such city was an included unit of general local government in such county prior to the qualification of such city as a metropolitan city; (B) such amounts were designated and received by such county for use in such city prior to the qualification of such city as a metropoli- tan city; and (C) such city and county agree to such transfer of responsibility for the administration of such amounts.". (dXD Section 106(dX2XA) of such Act is amended— (A) by striking out "the State" and inserting in lieu thereof "a State that has elected, in such manner and at such time as the Secretary shall prescribe"; and (B) by inserting after clause (ii) the following new sentence: "Any election to distribute funds made after the close of fiscal year 1984 is permanent and final.". (2) Section 106(dX2XB) of such Act is amended by striking out "where" and all that follows through the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "if the State has not elected to distribute such amounts.". (e) Section 106(dX2XC) of such Act is amended by striking out clause (iii) and inserting in lieu thereof the following new clause:
97 STAT. 1166 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(iii) will not refuse to distribute such amounts to any unit of general local government on the basis of the particular eligible activity selected by such unit of general local government to meet its community development needs, except that this clause may not be considered to prevent a State from establishing priorities in distributing such amounts on the basis of the activities selected; and". 42 u s e 5306. (f) Section 106(dX2) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subparagraph: Certification. "(D) To receive and distribute amounts allocated under paragraph (1), the Governor of each State shall certify that each unit of general local government to be distributed funds will be required to identify its community development and housing needs, including the needs of low and moderate income persons, and the activities to be under- taken to meet such needs.". Pajmients. (g) The second and third sentences of section 106(dX3XA) of such Act are amended to read as follows: "The State shall pay from its own resources all administrative expenses incurred by the State in carrying out its responsibilities under this title, except that from the amounts received for distribution in nonentitlement areeis, the State may deduct an amount to cover such expenses not to exceed the sum of $102,000 plus 50 percent of any such expenses in excess of $100,000. Amounts deducted in excess of $100,000 shall not exceed 2 percent of the amount so received.". (h) Section 106(dX3) of such Act is amended by striking out subparagraph (C) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(C) Any amounts allocated for use in a State under paragraph (1) that are not received by the State for any fiscal year because of failure to meet the requirements of subsection (a) or (b) of section 104, or that become available as a result of actions against the State Ante, p. 1162. under section 104(d) or 111, shall be added to amounts allocated to 42 u s e 5311. all States under paragraph (1) for the succeeding fiscal year. "(D) Any amounts allocated for use in a State under paragraph (1) that become available as a result of actions under section 104(d) or 111 against units of general local government in nonentitlement areas of the State or as a result of the closeout of a grant made by the Secretary under this section in nonentitlement areas of the State shall be added to amounts allocated to the State under para- graph (1) for the fiscal year in which the amounts become so available.". (i) Section 106(d) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraphs: "(5) No amount may be distributed by any State or the Secretary under this subsection to any unit of general local government located in a nonentitlement area unless such unit of general local government certifies that— "(A) it will minimize displacement of persons as a result of activities assisted with such amounts; "(B) its program will be conducted and administered in con- 42 u s e 2000a formity with Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284, and note. that it will affirmatively further fair housing; 82 Stat. 73. "(C) it will provide for opportunities for citizen participation, hearings, and access to information with respect to its commu- nity development program that are comparable to those 42 u s e 5304. required of grantees under section 104(aX2); and (D) it will not attempt to recover any capital costs of public improvements assisted in whole or part under section 106 or
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1167 with amounts resulting from a guarantee under section 108 by 42 USC 5308. assessing any amount against properties owned and occupied by 31 USC 1305. persons of low and moderate income, including any fee charged or assessment made as a condition of obtaining access to such public improvements, unless (i) funds received under section 106 42 USC 5306. are used to pay the proportion of such fee or assessment that relates to the capital costs of such public improvements that are financed from revenue sources other than under this title; or (ii) for purposes of assessing any amount against properties owned and occupied by persons of low and moderate income who are not persons of very low income, the grantee certifies to the Secretary or such State, as the case may be, that it lacks sufficient funds received under section 106 to comply with the requirements of clause (i). "(6) Any activities conducted with amounts received by a unit of general local government under this subsection shall be subject to the applicable provisions of this title and other Federal law in the same manner and to the same extent as activities conducted with amounts received by a unit of general local government under subsection (a).", (j) Section 106(f) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 42 USC 5306. "(f) If the total amount available for distribution in any fiscal year to metropolitan cities and urban counties under this section is insufficient to provide the amounts to which metropolitan cities and urban counties would be entitled under subsection (b), and funds are not otherwise appropriated to meet the deficiency, the Secretary shall meet the deficiency through a pro rata reduction of all amounts determined under subsection (b). If the total amount avail- able for distribution in any fiscal year to metropolitan cities and urban counties under this section exceeds the amounts to which metropolitan cities and urban counties would be entitled under subsection (b), the Secretary shall distribute the excess through a pro rata increase of all amounts determined under subsection (b).". DISCRETIONARY FUND SEC. 107. (a) Section 107(a) of the Housing and Community Devel- opment Act of 1974 is amended by striking out the first sentence and 42 USC 5307. inserting in lieu thereof the following: "Of the total amount approved in appropriation Acts under section 103 for each of the ^^ USC 5303. fiscal years 1984,1985, and 1986, not more than $68,200,000 for each such fiscal year may be set aside in a special discretionary fund for grants under subsection (b).". Cb) Section 107(bX4) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(4) to States, units of general local government, Indian tribes, or areawide planning organizations for the purpose of providing technical assistance in planning, developing, and administering assistance under this title; to groups designated by such governmental units to assist them in carrying out assistance under this title; to qualified groups for the purpose of assisting more than one such governmental unit to carry out assistance under this title; and to States and units of general local government for implementing special projects otherwise authorized under this title; and the Secretary may also provide technical assistance, directly or through contracts, to such gov- ernmental units and groups; and", (c) Section 107(b) of such Act is amended—
97 STAT. 1168 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (1) by striking out "and" at the end of paragraph (3); and (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(5) to States and units of general local government for the purpose of allocating amounts to any such State or unit of general local government that is determined by the Secretary to 42 use 5306. have received insufficient amounts under section 106 as a result of a miscalculation of its share of funds under such section.". GUARANTEE OF LOANS Financing. SEC. 108. (a) Section 108(a) of the Housing and Community Devel- 42 use 5308. opment Act of 1974 is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: "A guarantee under this section may be used to assist a grantee in obtaining financing only if the grantee has made efforts to obtain such financing without the use of such guarantee and cannot complete such financing consistent with the timely execution of the program plans without such guarantee.", (b) Section 108(a) of such Act is amended by striking out the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "Notwithstand- ing any other provision of law and subject only to the absence of qualified applicants or proposed activities, to the authority provided in this section, and to any funding limitation approved in appropri- ation Acts, the Secretary shall enter into commitments during fiscal year 1984 to guarantee notes and obligations under this section with an aggregate principal amount of $225,000,000.". USE OF GRANTS TO SETTLE OUTSTANDING URBAN RENEWAL LOANS SEC. 109. Section 112 of the Housing and Community Development 42 use 5312. Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(c) Any unit of general local government may retain any pro- gram income that is realized from a grant made by the Secretary 42 use 1450. pursuant to subsection (a) or under title I of the Housing Act of 1949 if (1) such income was realized after the initial disbursement of the grant funds by such unit of general local government; and (2) such unit of general local government agrees to utilize the program income for eligible community development activities in accordance with the provisions of this title.". TRANSITION PROVISIONS SEC. 110. (a) Section 116(b) of the Housing and Community Devel- 42 use 5316. opment Act of 1974 is amended by— (1) striking out "(in that fiscal vear)"; and (2) striking out "in that year' and inserting in lieu thereof "for that year". 42 use 5316 Ob) The amendments made by this section shall apply only to note. funds available for fiscal year 1984 and thereafter. PART B—OTHER PROGRAMS URBAN D E V E L O P M E N T ACTION GRANTS SEC. 121. (a) Section 119(a) of the Housing and Community Devel- 42 use 5318. opment Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "There are authorized to be appropriated to
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1169 carry out the provisions of this section not to exceed $440,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1984, 1985, and 1986, and any amount appropriated under this sentence shall remain available until expended.". Oa) Section 119(bXl) of such Act is amended— Standards (1) in the last sentence, by striking out "where data are revision. available, the extent of unemployment and job lag" and insert- 42 u s e 5318. ing in lieu thereof the following: "the extent of unemployment, job lag, or surplus labor"; and (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new sentences: "Any city that has a population of less than 50,000 persons and is not the central city of a metropolitan area, and that was eligible for JEiscal year 1983 under this paragraph for assistance under this section, shall continue to be eligible for such assist- ance until the Secretary revises the standards for eligibility for such cities under this paragraph and includes the extent of unemplojnnent, job lag, or labor surplus as a standard of dis- tress for such cities. The Secretary shall make such revision as soon as practicable following the effective date of this sentence.". (c) Subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 119(bX2) of such Act ar each amended by inserting "neighborhood statistics areas," aftei "enumeration districts,". (d) Section 119(cX3) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out ", and (B)" and inserting in lieu thereof "; (B)"; and (2) by inserting the following after "carried out" in clause (B): "; and (C) has made available the analysis described in clause (B) to any interested person or organization residing or located in the neighborhood in which the proposed activities are to be carried out". (e) Section 119(dXl) of such Act is amended in the first sentence by adding after the word "criteria" where it first appears: "for a national competition". (f) Section 119(i) of such Act is amended by adding at the end Consortia of thereof the following new sentence: "The Secretary shall encourage cities. cooperation by geographically proximate cities oi less than 50,000 population by permitting consortia of such cities, which may also include county governments that are not urban counties, to apply for grants on behalf of a city that is otherwise eligible for assistance under this section. Any grants awarded to such consortia shall be administered in compliance with eligibility requirements applicable to individual cities.". (g) Section 119 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections: "(p) An unincorporated portion of an urban county that is approved by the Secretary as an identifiable community for pur- poses of this section is eligible for a grant under subsection (bX2) if such portion meets the eligibility requirements contained in the first sentence of subsection (bXD and the requirements of subsection (bX2XB) (applied to the population of the portion of the urban county) and if it otherwise complies with the provisions of this section. "(q) Of the amounts appropriated for purposes of this section for any fiscal year, not more than $2,500,000 may be used by the Secretary to make technical assistance grants to States or their agencies, municipal technical advisory services operated by universi-
97 STAT. 1170 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ties, or State associations of counties or municipalities, to enable such entities to assist units of general local government described in subsection (i) in developing, applying for assistance for, and imple- menting programs eligible for assistance under this section. "(r) In providing assistance under this section, the Secretary may not discriminate among programs on the basis of the particular type of activity involved, whether such activity is primarily a neighbor- hood, industrial, or commercial activity.". URBAN HOMESTEADING SEC. 122. (a) The first sentence of section 810(h) of the Housing and 12 use 1706e. Community Development Act of 1974 is amended by striking out "apd (g)" and all that follows through "1983" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ", (g), (h), and (i), there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1984, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985". Ot>) Section 810(aX3) of such Act is amended by inserting "by a person legally entitled to reside there" before the semicolon. (c) Section 81O0bX3) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "three years" in subparagraph (A) and inserting in lieu thereof "5 years, except under such emergency standards as may be prescribed by the Secretary"; (2) by striking out subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(B) repair all defects in the property that pose a substan- tial danger to health and safety within 1 year of the date of such initial conveyance;"; and (3) by striking out "eighteen months after occup)dng the property" in subparagraph (C) and inserting in lieu thereof "3 years after the date of initial conveyance". (d) Section 810(b) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "and" at the end of paragraph (5); (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting in lieu thereof ; and"; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(7) an equitable procedure for selecting the recipients of such properties that— "(A) gives a special priority to applicants— ' (i) whose current housing fails to meet standards of health and safety, including overcrowding; "(ii) who currently pay in excess of 30 percent of their income for shelter; and "(iii) who have little prospect of obtaining improved housing within the foreseeable future through means other than homesteading; "(B) excludes applicants who are currently homeowners; and "(C) takes into account the capacity of the applicant to contribute a substantial amount of labor to the rehabilita tion process, or to obtain assistance from private sources, community organizations, or other sources.'. (e) Section 810(f) of such Act is amended— (1) by inserting ", the Secretary of Agriculture," after "Secre- tary" each place it appears; (2) by striking out one- to four-family residences" and insert- ing in lieu thereof "residential properties"; and
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1171 (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: Public access. "Such listing shall be accessible to the public during ordinary business hours at the offices of such unit of general loc^ government or public agency.", (f) Section 810 of such Act is amended— 12 u s e 1706e. (1) in subsection (c), by inserting "or (h)" after "subsection (b)"; (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (k); and (3) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new subsections: "(hXD The Secretary may, on a demonstration basis during fiscal Property years 1984 and 1985, convey to any unit of general local government conveyance. or public agency designated by such unit of general local govern- ment any real property— "(A) to which the Secretary holds title; and "(B) that the Secretary determines to be suitable for a multi- family homesteading program that complies with the require- ments of paragraph (2); for such consideration, if any, as may be agreed upon between the Secretary and such unit of general local government or public agency. "(2) Any multifamily homesteading program carried out by any unit of general local government or public c^ency designated by any such unit of general local government shall be considered a multi- family homesteading program that complies with the requirements of this subsection if the Secretary determines that such program contains adequate assurances that— "(A) the primary use of all homestead properties following conversion or rehabilitation shall be residential; and "(B) not less than 75 percent of the residential occupants of homestead properties following conversion or rehabilitation shall be lower income families. "(3) As used in this subsection and subsection (i) the term 'lower "Lower income income families' has the meaning given such term in section 3(bX2) families." of the United States Housing Act of 1937. 42 u s e 1437a. "(iXD The Secretary shall use not more than $1,000,000 of the amounts appropriated under this section for each of the fiscal years 1984 and 1985 to undertake a program to demonstrate the feasibility of providing assistance to State or local governments or their agen- cies for the purchase of any real property that— "(A) is improved by one- to four-family residence; "(B) is not occupied by a person legally entitled to reside there; "(C) is designated by a State or general unit of local govern- ment for use in a single family homestead program; and "(D) will be conveyed to lower income families under such program upon condition that each such family agrees— "(i) to occupy the property as a principal residence for a period of not less than 5 years, except under such emergency standards as may be prescribed by the Secretary; "(ii) to repair all defects in the property that pose a substantied danger to health or safety within 1 year of the date of the initial conveyance; and "(iii) to make such repairs and improvements to the property as may be necessary to meet applicable local
97 STAT. 1172 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 standards for decent, safe, and sanitary housing within 3 years after the date of the initial conveyance. "(2) The Secretary shall give a preference to demonstrations under this subsection involving the acquisition of properties that become available in satisfaction of public liens such as tax liens. Evaluation. "(j) The Secretary shall conduct a continuing evaluation of the Report to demonstration programs carried out under subsections (h) and (i) Congress. ^nd shall transmit to the Congress a report not later than December Recommenda- 3^^ 1985, containing a summary of his evaluation of all such pro- ^°^^' grams and his recommendations for the future conduct of such programs.". NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT DEMONSTRATION Definitions. SEC. 123. (a) For the purposes of this section: 42 use 5318 (1) 'pjjg term "eligible neighborhood development activity" ^ means— (A) creating permanent jobs in the neighborhood; (B) establishing or expanding businesses within the neighborhood; (C) developing, rehabilitating, or managing neighborhood housing stock; (D) developing delivery mechanisms for essential services that have lasting benefit to the neighborhood; or (E) planning, promoting, or financing voluntary neighbor- hood improvement efforts. (2) The term "eligible neighborhood development organiza- tion" means— (A) an entity organized as a private, voluntary, nonprofit corporation under the laws of the State in which it operates; (B) an organization that is responsible to residents of its neighborhood through a governing body, not less than 51 per centum of the members of which are residents of the area served; (C) an organization that has conducted business for at least three years prior to the date of application for participation; (D) an organization that operates within an area that meets the requirements for Federal assistance under sec- tion 119 of the Housing and Community Development Act 42 use 5318. of 1974; and (E) an organization that conducts one or more eligible neighborhood development activities that have as their primary beneficiaries low- and moderate-income persons, as defined in section 102(aX20) of the Housing and Community Ante, p. 1160. Development Act of 1974. (3) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Program. (bXD The Secretary shall carry out, in accordance with this section, a demonstration program to determine the feasibility of supporting eligible neighborhood development activities by provid- ing Federal matching funds to eligible neighborhood development organizations on the basis of the monetaiy support such organiza- tions have received from individuals, businesses, and nonproHt or other organizations in their neighborhoods prior to receiving assist- ance under this section.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1173 (2) The Secretary shall accept applications from eligible neighbor- Applications. hood development organizations for participation in the demonstra- tion program. Eligible organizations may participate in more than one year of the program, but shall be required to submit a new application and to compete in the selection process for each program year. Not more than 30 per centum of the grants may be for multiyear awards. (3) From the pool of eligible neighborhood development organiza- tions submitting applications for participation in a given program year, the Secretary shall select participating organizations in an appropriate number through a competitive selection process. To be selected, an applicant shall— (A) have demonstrated measurable achievements in one or more of the activities specified in subsection (aX4); (B) specify a business plan for accomplishing one or more of the activities specified in subsection (aX4); and (C) specify a strategy for achieving greater long term private sector support. (cXD The Secretary shall award grants under this section among the eligible neighborhood development organizations submitting ap- plications for such grants on the basis of— (A) the degree of economic distress of the neighborhood involved; (B) the extent to which the proposed activities will benefit persons of low and moderate income; (C) the extent of neighborhood participation in the proposed activities, as indicated by the proportion of the households and businesses in the neighborhood involved that are members of the eligible neighborhood development organization involved; and (D) the extent of voluntary contributions available for the Waiver. purpose of subsection (eX4), except that the Secretary shall waive the requirement of this subparagraph in the case of an application submitted by a small eligible neighborhood develop- ment organization, an application involving activities in a very low-income neighborhood, or an application that is especially meritorious, (d) The Secretary shall consult with an informal working group representative of eligible neighborhood organizations with respect to the implementation and evaluation of the program established in this section. (eXD The Secretary shall assign each participating organization a defined program year, during which time voluntary contributions from individuals, businesses, and nonprofit or other organizations in the neighborhood shall be eligible for matching. (2) Subject to paragraph (3), at the end of each three-month period Payment, occurring during the program year, the Secretary shall pay to each participating neighborhood development organization the product of— (A) the aggregate amount of voluntary contributions that such organization certifies to the satisfaction of the Secretary it received during such three-month period; and (B) the matching ratio established for such test neighborhoods under paragraph (4). (3) The Secretary shall pay not more than $50,000 under this Act Payment. to any participating neighborhood development organization during a single program year.
97 STAT. 1174 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Federally (4) For purposes of paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, for each matched funds. participating organization, determine an appropriate ratio by which monetary contributions made to participating neighborhood devel- opment organizations will be matched by Federal funds. The highest such ratios shall be established for neighborhoods having the small- est number of households or the greatest degree of economic distress. Certification. (5) The Secretary shall insure that— (A) grants and other forms of assistance may be maae available under this section only if the application contains a certification by the unit of general local government within which the neighborhood to be assisted is located that such assistance is not inconsistent with the housing and community development plans of such unit, except that the failure of a unit of general local government to respond to a request for a certification within thirty days after the request is made shall be deemed to be a certification; and (B) eligible neighborhood development activities comply with 42 u s e 2000a all applicable provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. note. (6) To carry out this section, the Secretary— (A) may issue regulations as necessary; (B) shall utilize, to the fullest extent practicable, relevant research previously conducted by Federal agencies, State and local governments, and private organizations and persons; (C) shall disseminate information about the kinds of activities, forms of organizations, and fund-raising mechanisms associated with successful programs; Evaluation and (D) shall undertake any other activity the Secretary deems report to necessary to carry out this section, which shall include an Congress. evaluation and report to Congress on the demonstration and may include the performance of research, planning, and admin- istration, either directly, or when in the Secretary's judgment such activity will be carried out more effectively, more rapidly, or at less cost, by contract or grant; and (E) may use not more than 5 per centum of the funds appro- priated for administrative or other expenses in connection with the demonstration. Reports to (f) The Secretary shall submit to the Congress— Congress. (1) not later than three months after the end of each fiscal year in which payments are made under this section, an interim report containing a summary of the activities carried out under this section during such fiscal year and any preliminary find- ings or conclusions drawn from the demonstration program; and (2) not later than March 15 of the year after the end of the last fiscal year in which such payments are made, a final report containing a summary of all activities carried out under this section, the evaluation required in subsection (eX6XD) and any findings, conclusions, or recommendations for legislation drawn from the demonstration program. (g) For purposes of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $2,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1984 and 1985. REHABIUTATION LOANS 42 u s e 1452b. SEC. 124. (a) Section 312(d) of the Housing Act of 1964 is amended by adding the following new sentence at the end thereof: "The Secretary may not establish (1) any requirement that a certain
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1175 proportion of assistance received under this section be utilized for any particular type of dwelling unit; or (2) any priority for the receipt of such assistance that is based on the receipt or use of funds by an applicant or area under any other program of Federal assist- ance for housing or community development, other than the urban homesteading program established in section 810 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.". 12 u s e 1706e. (b) Section 312(h) of such Act is amended— Ante, p. 746. (1) by striking out "November 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1984"; and (2) by striking out "December 1, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "October 1,1984". NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION SEC. 125. Section 608(a) of the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corpo- 42 u s e 8107. ration Act is amended by striking out "title" and all that follows though "1982" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "title not to exceed $16,512,000 for fiscal year 1984, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985". REPEALERS SEC. 126. (aXD Section 414 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1969 hereby is repealed. 40 u s e 484b. (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Secretary of Housing and Property Urban Development and the Secretary of Agriculture may dispose disposal. 40 u s e 484b of Federal surplus real property pursuant to the terms of section 414 note. of such Act if, prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, either Secretary had requested the Administrator of General Services to transfer such property for such disposition. (3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), section 414(b) of such Act shall 40 u s e 484b continue to apply, where applicable, to all property transferred by note. either Secretary pursuant to section 414 of such Act, including properties transferred pursuant to paragraph (2). (bXl) Section 106(g) of the Housing Act of 1949 hereby is repealed. 42 u s e 1456. (2) Section 703(d) of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 hereby is repealed. 42 u s e 3103. (3) Section 704, and the second sentence of section 706, of the 42 u s e 1500c, Housing Act of 1961 hereby are repealed. 1500C-2. TITLE II—HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ALLOCATION AND USE OF ASSISTED HOUSING AUTHORITY SEC. 201. (aXD Section 213(aXl) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof 42 u s e 1439. the following: "Upon receiving an application for such housing assistance, the Secretary shall assure that funds made available under this section shall be utilized to the maximum extent practicable to meet the needs and goals identified in the unit of local government's housing assistance plan.". (2) Section 213(d) of such Act is amended by striking out para- graphs (1) and (2) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(1) The Secretary shall allocate assistance referred to in subsec- tion (a) (other than assistance approved in appropriation Acts for use under sections 9, 14, and 17 of the United States Housing Act of
97 STAT. 1176 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 42 u s e 1437g, 1937) the first time it is available for reservation on the basis of a 1437/, post, formula which is contained in a regulation prescribed by the Secre- p. 1196. tary, and which is based on the relative needs of different States, areas, and communities as reflected in data as to population, poverty, housing overcrowding, housing vacancies, amount of sub- standard housing, and other objectively measurable conditions speci- fied in such regulation. Any amounts allocated to a State or areas or communities within a State which are not likely to be utilized within a fiscal year shall not be reallocated for use in another State unless the Secretary determines that other areas or communities within the same State cannot utilize the amounts within that same fiscal year. "(2) Not later than sixty days after approval in an appropriation Act, the Secretary shall allocate from the amounts available for use in nonmetropolitan areas an amount of authority for assistance 42 u s e 1437f. under section 8(d) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 deter- mined in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture for use in Post, p. 1250. connection with section 532 of the Housing Act of 1949 during the fiscal year for which such authority is approved. The amount of assistance allocated to nonmetropolitan areas pursuant to this sec- tion in any fiscal year shall not be less than 20 nor more than 25 per centum of the total amount of such assistance.". Report to (3) Not later than March 1, 1984, the Secretary shall report to the eongress. Congress on the impact of the last sentence of section 213(dX2) of the Ante, p. 1175. Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. 42 u s e 1437c. (b) Section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended— (1) by striking out the last sentence of paragraph (1); (2) by striking out paragraphs (2) and (3) and redesignating the remaining paragraphs accordingly; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following: eonversion "(5) During such period as the Secretary may prescribe for start- approval. ing construction, the Secretary may approve the conversion of 42 u s e 1437/. public housing development authority for use under section 14 or for use for the acquisition and rehabilitation of property to be used in public housing, if the public housing agency, after consultation with the unit of local government, certifies that such assistance would be more effectively used for such purpose, and if the total number of units assisted will not be less than 90 per centum of the units covered by the original reservation. eontracts, "(6) The aggregate amount of budget authority which may be contributions, obligated for contracts for annual contributions and for grants and grants. Post, p. 1196. under section 17 is increased by $9,912,928,000 on October 1, 1983, and by such sums as may be approved in appropriation Acts on October 1,1984. "(7XA) Using the additional budget authority provided under paragraph (6) and the balances of budget authority which become available during fiscal year 1984, to the extent approved in appropri- ations Acts, the Secretary may reserve authority to enter into obligations aggregating— "(i) not to exceed $1,289,550,000 for public housing, of which not to exceed $389,550,000 shall be available for Indian housing; 42 u s e 1437f. "(ii) not to exceed $1,926,400,000 for assistance under section 8 in connection with projects developed under section 202 of the 12 u s e 1701q. Housing Act of 1959; "(iii) not to exceed $1,550,000,000 for comprehensive improve- 42 u s e 1437/. ment assistance under section 14;
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1177 "(iv) not to exceed $2,217,150,000 for assistance under section 8(bXl); 42 u s e 1437f. "(v) not to exceed $540,000,000 for assistance under section 8(eX5); Post, p. 1183. "(vi) not to exceed $242,115,000 for assistance under section 8(0); Post, p. 1181. "(vii) not to exceed $150,000,000 for assistance under section 17 with respect to rental rehabilitation; Post, p. 1196. "(viii) not to exceed $200,000,000 with respect to rental devel- opment under section 17; and "(ix) not to exceed $1,603,170,000 for additional assistance under section 8. 42 u s e 1437f. "(B) Using the additional budget authority provided under para- graph (6) £ind the balances of budget authority which become available during fiscal year 1985, to the extent approved in appropri- ations Acts, the Secretary may reserve authority to enter into obligations aggregating— "(i) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for public housing, of which not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act shall be available for Indian housing; "(ii) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for assistance under section 8 in connection with projects developed under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959; 12 u s e 1701q. "(iii) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for comprehensive improvement assistance under section 14; 42 u s e 1437Z. "(iv) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for assistance under section 8(bXl); 42 u s e 1437f. '(v) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for assistance under section 8(eX5); Post, p. 1183. '(vi) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for assistance under section 8(o); Post, p. 1181. (vii) not to exceed $150,000,000 for assistance under section 17 with respect to rental rehabilitation; Post, p. 1196. "(viii) not to exceed $115,000,000 with respect to rental devel- opment under section 17; and "(ix) not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act for additional assist£uice under section 8. 42 u s e 1437f. "(C) The specific authorities under this paragraph are subject to such adjustments as may be made under paragraph (5).". (c) Section 6 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof 42 u s e 1437d. the following: "(h) On or after October 1, 1983, the Secretary may enter into a eontract. contract involving new construction only if the public housing eosts. agency demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the cost of new construction is less than the cost of acquisition or acquisition and rehabilitation, including any reserve fund under subsection (i), would be. "(i) The Secretary may, upon application by a public housing Reserve fund. agency in connection with the acquisition of housing for use as public housing, establish and set aside a reserve fund in an amount not to exceed 30 per centum of the acquisition cost which shall be available for use for major repairs to such housing. "(j) On or after October 1, 1983, in entering into commitments for Large-family the development of public housing, the Secretary shall give a prior- housing.
97 STAT. 1178 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ity to projects for the construction of housing suitable for occupancy by large families.". INCREASE IN SINGLE PERSON OCCUPANCY UMITATION 42 use 1437a. SEC. 202. Section 3(b)(3) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "The Secretary may increase the limitation described in the second sentence of this paragraph to not more than 30 per centum if, following consultation with the public housing agency involved, the Secretary determines that the dwelling units involved are neither being occupied, nor are likely to be occupied within the next 12 months, by families or persons described in clauses (A), (B), and (C), due to the condition or location of such dwelling units, and that such dwelling units may be occupied if made available to single persons described in clause (D).". PRIORITY FOR HOUSING ASSISTANCE SEC. 203. (a) Section 6(cX4XA) of the United States Housing Act of 42 use 1437d. 1937 is amended by inserting "or are paying more than 50 per centum of family income for rent" after "under this Act". 42 use 1437f. (b)(1) Section 8(dXlXA) of such Act is amended by inserting ", are paying more than 50 per centum of family income for rent," after 'substandard housing . Post, p. 1183. (2) Section 8(e)(2) of such Act is amended by inserting ", are paying more than 50 per centum of family income for rent," after substandard housing . (3) Section 101(e)(1)(B) of the Housing and Urban Development 12 use 1701s. Act of 1965 is amended by inserting ", was paying more than 50 per centum of family income for rent," after "substandard housing". LEASE AND GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Ante, p. 1177. SEC. 204. Section 6 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections: Regulations. "(k) The Secretary shall by regulation require each public housing agency receiving assistance under this Act to establish and imple- ment an administrative grievance procedure under which tenants will— "(1) be advised of the specific grounds of any proposed adverse public housing agency action; "(2) have an opportunity for a hearing before an impartial party upon timely request within any period applicable under subsection (1); "(3) have an opportunity to examine any documents or records or regulations related to the proposed action; "(4) be entitled to be represented by another person of his choice at any hearing; "(5) be entitled to ask questions of witnesses and have others make statements on his behalf; and "(6) be entitled to receive a written decision by the public housing agency on the proposed action. An agency may exclude from its procedure any grievance concern- ing an eviction or termination of tenancv in any jurisdiction which requires that, prior to eviction, a tenant be given a hearing in court
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1179 which the Secretary determines provides the basic elements of due process. "(1) Each public housing agency shall utilize leases which— Leases. "(1) do not contain unreasonable terms and conditions; "(2) obligate the public housing agency to maintain the project in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition; "(3) require the public housing agency to give adequate writ- ten notice of termination of the lease which shall not be less than— "(A) a reasonable time, but not to exceed 30 days, when the he£dth or safety of other tenants or public housing agency employees is threatened; "(B) 14 days in the case of nonpajonent of rent; and "(C) 30 days in any other case; and "(4) require that the public housing agency may not terminate the tenancy except for serious or repeated violation of the terms or conditions of the lease or for other good cause.". REPORTING REQUIREMENTS SEC. 205. Section 6 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is Ante, p. 1178. amended by adding at the end thereof the following: 42 u s e 1437d. "(m) The Secretary shall not impose any unnecessarily duplicative or burdensome reporting requirements on tenants or public hearing agencies assisted under this Act.". AMENDMENTS AFFECTING TENANT RENTS OR CONTRIBUTIONS SEC. 206. (a) Section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 42 u s e 1437a. is amended— (1) by inserting the following immediately after the first sentence: "Reviews of family income shall be made at least annually."; and (2) by inserting after "under this Act" in the final sentence the following: "(other than a family assisted under section 8(0))". Post, p. 1181. (b) Section 3(b) of such Act is cunended by striking out the period Income ceilings. at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof the follow- ing: ", except that the Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 50 per centum of the median for the area on the basis of the Secretary's findings that such variations are neces- sary because of unusually high or low family incomes.". (c) Section 3(bX5) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 1437a. "(5) The term 'adjusted income' means the income which remains "Adjusted after excluding— "(A) $480 for each member of the family residing in the household (other than the head of the household or his spouse) who is under 18 years of age or who is 18 years of age or older and is disabled or handicapped or a full-time student; "(B) $400 for any elderly family; "(C) medical expenses in excess of 3 per centum of annual family income for any elderly family; and "(D) child care expenses to the extent necessary to enable another member of the family to be employed or to further his or her education.".
97 STAT. 1180 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 42 u s e 1437a (dXD The following provisions of this paragraph apply to determi- note. nations of the rent to be paid by or the contribution required of a tenant occup5dng housing assisted under the authorities amended by this section or subsections (a) through (h) of section 322 of the 95 Stat. 400. Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981 (here- inafter referred to as "assisted housing") on or before the effective date of regulations implementing this section: (A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section or subsections (a) through (h) of section 322 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") may provide for delayed applicability, or for staged implementation, of the procedures for determining rents or contributions, as appropriate, required by such provisions if the Secretary determines that immediate application of such proce- dures would be impracticable, would violate the terms of exist- ing leases, or would result in extraordinary hardship for any class of tenants. Increases. (B) The Secretary shall provide that the rent or contribution, as appropriate, required to be paid by a tenant shall not increase as a result of the amendments made by this section and subsections (a) through (h) of section 322 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981, and as a result of any other provision of Federal law or regulation, by more than 10 per centum during any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to such amendments, law, or regulation. Increases. (2) Tenants of assisted housing other than those referred to in paragraph (1) shall be subject to immediate rent payment or contri- bution determinations in accordance with applicable law and with- out regard to the provisions of paragraph (1), but the Secretary shall provide that the rent or contribution payable by any such tenant who is occup3dng assisted housing on the effective date of any provision of Federal law or regulation shall not increase, as a result of any such provision of Federal law or regulation, by more than 10 per centum during any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to such law or regulation. Increases. (3) In the case of tenants receiving rental assistance under section 42 u s e 1490a. 521(aXl) of the Housing Act of 1949 on the effective date of this section whose assistance is converted to assistance under section 8 of 42 u s e 1437f. the United States Housing Act of 1937 on or after such date, the Secretary shall provide that the rent or contribution payable by any such tenant shall not increase, as a result of such conversion, by more than 10 per centum during any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to such conversion or to any provision of Federal law or regulation. Conversion and (4XA) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the case of increase. the conversion of any assistance under section 101 of the Housing 79 Stat. 451. and Urban Development Act of 1965, section 236(fK2) of the National 12 u s e 1715Z-1. Housing Act, or section 23 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (as in effect before the date of the enactment of the Housing and 42 u s e 5301 Community Development Act of 1974) to assistance under section 8 note. of the United States Housing Act of 1937, any increase in rem 42 u s e 1437f. pajmnents or contributions resulting from such conversion, and from
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1181 the amendments made by this section of any tenant benefiting from such assistance who is sixty-two years of age or older may not exceed 10 per centum per annum. (B) In the case of any such conversion of assistance occurring on or Conversion. after OkJtober 1, 1981, and before the date of the enactment of this section, the rental payments due after such date of enactment by any tenant benefiting from such assistance who was sixty-two vears of age or older on the date of such conversion shall be computed as if the teneint's rental pa3rment or contribution had, on the date of conversion, been the lesser of the actual rental pajrment or contribu- tion required, or 25 per centum of the tenant's income. (5) The limitations on increases in rent contained in paragraphs Increase (IXB), (2), (3), and (4) shall remain in effect and mav not be changed limitations. or superseded except by another provision of law wnich amends this subsection. (6) As used in this subsection, the term "contribution" means an "Contribution.' amount representing 30 per centum of a tenant's monthly adjusted income, 10 per centum of the tenant's monthly income, or the designated amount of welfare assistance, whichever amount is used to determine the monthly assistance payment for the tenant under section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937. Ante, p. 1179. (7) The provisions of subsections (a) through (h) of section 322 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981 95 Stat. 400. shall be implemented and fully applicable to all affected tenants no later than five years following the date of enactment of such amend- ments, except that the Secretary may extend the time for implemen- tation if the Secretary determines that full implementation would result in extraordinary hardship for any class of tenants. (e) Section 322(i) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 42 u s e 1437a is repealed. note. VOUCHER DEMONSTRATION SEC. 207. Section 8 of the United States Housmg Act of 1937 is 42 u s e 1437f. amended by adding at the end thereof the following: Post, p. 1183. "(oXD In connection with the rental rehabilitation and develop- Payment ment program under section 17 or the rural housing preservation standard. Post, p. 1196. grant program under section 533 of the Housing Act of 1949, or for Post, p. 1250. other purposes, the Secretary is authorized to conduct a demonstra- tion program using a pajrment standard in accordance with this subsection. The payment standard shall be used to determine the monthly assistance which may be paid for any family, as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, and shall be based on the fair market rental established under subsection (c). "(2) The monthly assistance pajnnent for any family shall be the Monthly amount by which the payment standard for the area exceeds 30 per assistance centum of the family's monthly adjusted income, except that such payment. monthly assistance payment shall not exceed the amount by which the rent for the dwelling unit (including the amount allowed for utilities in the case of a unit with separate utility metering) exceeds 10 per centum of the family's monthly income. ' (3) Assistance pajrments may be made only for (A) a family determined to be a very low-income family at the time it initially receives assistance, or (B) a family previously assisted under this Act. In selecting families to be assisted, preference shall be given to families which, at the time they are seeking assistance, occupy substandard housing, are involuntarily displaced, or are pajring more than 50 per centum of family income for rent.
97 STAT. 1182 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(4) The Secretary shall use substantially all of the authority to enter into contracts under this subsection to make assistance pay- ments for families residing in dwellings to be rehabilitated with Post, p. 1196. assistance under section 17 and for families displaced as a result of rental housing development assisted under such section or as a Post, p. 1250. result of activities assisted under section 533 of the Housing Act of 1949. "(5) If a family vacates a dwelling unit before the expiration of a lease term, no assistance payment may be made with respect to the unit after the month during which the unit was vacated. "(6) A contract with a public housing agency for annual contribu- tions under this subsection shall be for an initial term of sixty Housing quality months. The Secretary shall require (with respect to any unit) that standards. (A) the public housing agency inspect the unit before any assistance pa3anent may be made to determine that it meets housing quality standards for decent, safe, and sanitary housing established by the Secretary for the purpose of this section, and (B) the public housing agency make annual or more frequent inspections during the con- tract term. No assistance payment may be made for a dwelling unit which fails to meet such quality standards, unless any such failure is promptlv corrected by the owner and the correction verified by the public housing agency. Payment "(7XA) The amount of assistance pa3rments under this subsection adjustments. may, in the discretion of the public housing agency, be adjusted as frequently as twice during any five-year period where necessary to assure continued affordability. The aggregate amount of adjust- ments pursuant to the preceding sentence may not exceed the amount of any excess of the annual contributions provided for in the contract over the amount of assistance payments actually paid (including amounts which otherwise become available during the contract period). "(B) For the purpose of subparagraph (A), each contract with a public housing agency for annual contributions under this subsec- tion shall provide annual contributions equal to 115 per centum of the estimated aggregate amount of assistance required during the first year of the contract. "(C) Any amounts not needed for adjustments under subpara- graph (A) may be used to provide assistance payments for additional families. "(D) Before making such adjustments the public housing agency shall consult with the public and the general local government regarding the impact of such adjustments on the number of families that can be assisted. "(8) A public housing agency may utilize not to exceed 5 per centum of the amount of authority available under this subsection to provide assistance with respect to cooperative or mutual housing wmch has a resale structure which maintains affordability for lower income families where the agency determines such action will assist in maintaining the affordability of such housing for such families.". RENEWAL OF SECTION 8 CONTRACTS 42 use I437f. SEC. 208. Section 8(dX2) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "A contract under this section may not be attached to the structure except where the Secretary specifically waives the foregoing limitation and the public housing agency approves such action, and the owner agrees to rehabilitate the
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1183 structure other than with assistance under this Act and otherwise complies with the requirements of this section. The aggregate term of such contract and any contract extension may not be more than 180 months.". REPEAL OF NEW CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY SEC. 209. (a) The United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended as follows: (1) Section 8(a) is amended by striking out ", newly con- 42 u s e 1437f. structed, and substantially rehabilitated". (2) Section 8(bX2) is repealed. (3) Section 8(e) of such Act is amended by striking out para- graphs (1), (2), £md (3) and by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively. (4) Section 8(i) of such Act is repealed. (5) Section 8 of such Act is amended by striking out subsec- tions (1) and (m). (6) Section 8(n) of such Act is amended by striking out "(eX5) and subsection (i)" and inserting in lieu thereof "(eX2)". (b) The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on Effective date. October 1, 1983, except that the provisions repealed shall remain in 42 u s e 1437f note. effect— (1) with respect to any funds obligated for a viable project under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 prior 42 u s e 1437f. to January 1,1984; and (2) with respect to any project financed under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959. 12 u s e 1701q. SINGLE ROOM OCCUPANCY HOUSING SEC. 210. Section 8(n) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is 42 use I437f. amended— (1) by inserting "subsection (bXD," before "subsection (eX5)"; (2) by inserting a comma after "(eX5)"; (3) by striking out "and" at the end of paragraph (1); (4) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof ; and"; and (5) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new eertification. paragraph: "(3) in the case of assistance under subsection (bXD, the unit of general local government in which the property is located and the local public housing agency certify to the Secretary that the property complies vdth local health and safety standards.". SHARED HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY AND HANDICAPPED SEC. 211. Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is 42 u s e 1437f. amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof: "(p) In order to assist elderly families (as defined in section 3(bX3)) Ante, p. 1178. who elect to live in a shared housing arrangement in which they benefit as a result of sharing the facilities of a dwelling with others in a manner that effectively and efficiently meets their housing needs and thereby reduces their cost of housing, the Secretary shall permit assistance provided under the existing housing and moderate rehabilitation programs to be used by such families in such arrange- ments. In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall issue Minimum habitability standards.
97 STAT. 1184 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 minimum habitability standards for the purpose of assuring decent, safe, and sanitary housing for such families while taking into account the special circumstances of shared housing.". PAYMENTS FOR OPERATION OF LOWER INCOME HOUSING PROJECTS 42 use I437g. SEC. 212. Section 9(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended— (1) by striking out "and" after "October 1,1980,"; and (2) by inserting before the period at the end thereof the following: ", not to exceed $1,500,000,000 on or after October 1, 1983, and by such sums as may be necessary on or after October 1,1984,". INCOME E U G I B I U T Y 42 use I437n. SEC. 213. Section 16(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by striking out "10 per centum" and inserting in lieu thereof "25 per centum". DEMOLITION A N D DISPOSITION OP PUBUC HOUSING SEC. 214. (a) The United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by adding the following new section at the end thereof: "DEMOLITION A N D DISPOSITION OF PUBUC HOUSING Application "SEC. 18. (a) The Secretary may not approve an application by a 4^^8^1437 public housing agency for permission, with or without financial ^' assistance under this Act, to demolish or dispose of a public housing project or a portion of a public housing project unless the Secretary has determined that— "(1) in the case of an application proposing demolition of a public housing project or a portion of a public housing project, the project or portion of the project is obsolete as to physical condition, location, or other factors, making it unusable for housing purposes, or no reasonable program of modifications is feasible to return the project or portion of the project to useful life; or in the case of an application proposing the demolition of only a portion of a project, the demolition will help to assure the useful life of the remaining portion of the project; or "(2) in the case of an application proposing disposition of real property of a public housing agency by sale or other transfer— "(AXi) the property's retention is not in the best interests of the tenants or the public housing agency because devel- opmental changes in the area surrounding the project adversely affect the health or safety of the tenants or the feasible operation of the project by the public housing agency, because disposition allows the acquisition, develop- ment, or rehabilitation of other properties which will be more efficiently or effectively operated as lower income housing projects and which will preserve the total amount of lower income housing stock available in the community, or because of other factors which the Secretary determines are consistent with the best interests of the tenants and public housing agency and which are jiot inconsistent with other provisions of this Act; and
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1185 "(ii) for property other than dwelling units, the property is excess to the needs of a project or the disposition is incidental to, or does not interfere with, continued oper- ation of a project; and "(B) the net proceeds of the disposition will be used for (i) Proceeds. the payment of development cost for the project and for the retirement of outstanding obligations issued to finance original development or modernization of the project, and (ii) to the extent that any proceeds remciin after the applica- tion of proceeds in accordance with clause (i), the provision of housing assistance for lower income families through such measures as modernization of lower income housing, or the acquisition, development, or rehabilitation of other properties to operate as lower income housing. "(b) The Secretary may not approve an application or furnish assistance under this section under this Act unless— "(1) the application from the public housing agency has been developed in consultation with tenants and tenant councils, if any, who will be affected by the demolition or disposition and contains a certification by appropriate local government offi- cisils that the proposed activity is consistent with the applicable housing assistance plan; and "(2) all tenants to be displaced as a result of the demolition or disposition will be given assistance by the public housing agency and are relocated to other decent, safe, sanitary, and affordable housing, which is, to the maximum extent practicable, housing of their choice, including hoiising assisted under section 8 of this Act. 42 u s e 1437f. "(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary is authorized to make available financial assistance for applications approved under this section using available annual contributions authorized under section 5(c). Ante, p. 1176. "(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the convey- ance of unite in a public housing project for the purpose of providing homeownership opportunities for lower income families capable of assuming the responsibilities of homeownership.". (b) Section 6(f) and section 14(f) of such Act are repealed. 42 u s e 1437d, 1437/. FINANCING UMITATIONS SEC. 215. The United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: FINANCING UMITATIONS 'SEC. 19. On and after October 1,1983, the Secretarv— Contracts. "(1) may only enter into contracts for annual contributions 42 USe 1437q. regarding obligations financing public housing projects author- ized by section 5(c) if such obligations are exempt from taxation -^"^ P- ^'^^_• under section 11(b), or if such obligations are issued under 42 USC 14371. section 4 and such obligations are exempt from taxation; and 42 USe 1437b. "(2) may not enter into contracts for periodic payments to the Federal Financing Bank to offset the costs to the Bank of purchasing obligations (as described in the first sentence of section 16(b) of the Federal Financing Bank Act of 1973) issued 12 USe 2294. by local public housing agencies for purposes of financing public housing projects authorized by section 5(c) of this Act.". 1 1 - 1 9 4 O - 85 — 39 QL 3
97 STAT. 1186 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 EMERGENCY SHELTER PROGRAM Grants. SEC. 216. There are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1984 for the Secretary to make grants to States, units of general local government, and Indian tribes, and nonprofit organizations which will operate programs on behalf of such units of general local government and Indian tribes, for the provision of shelter and essential services for individuals who are subject to life-threatening situations because of their lack of hous- ing. Such grants shall be awarded on the basis of the extent of the need for emergency housing in the area where the project is, or will be, located, taking into account regional variations in the cost of providing shelter. Such grants may be used to rehabilitate existing structures in order to provide basic shelter, to maintain structures providing such shelter, to pay for utilities and the furnishing of such shelters, to provide for any health and safety measures that are required to protect the individuals using such shelter, and for any activity described in section 105(a) of the Housing and Community 42 u s e 5305. Development Act of 1974 that is consistent with the purposes of this paragraph. A structure which is rehabilitated with assistance under this paragraph shall be used for emergency housing for a period of Families and not less than 3 years after such rehabilitation. In providing grants single women. under this paragraph, the Secretary shall take into consideration the special needs of families and single women. OPERATING ASSISTANCE FOR TROUBLED MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS SEC. 217. (aXD Section 201(a) of the Housing and Community 12 use Development Amendments of 1978 is amended by inserting before 1715z-la. the period at the end thereof the following: ", without regard to whether such projects are insured under the National Housing Act". (2) Section 201(b) of such Act is amended by inserting before the period at the end thereof the following: ", without regard to whether such projects are insured under the National Housing Act". (3) Section 201(cXlXA) of such Act is amended by striking out the first semicolon and all that follows through "1979". (bXD Section 201(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "or under" and inserting in lieu thereof ", the United States Housing Act of 1937, or". (2) Section 201(cXl) of such Act is amended— (A) by striking out "or" at the end of subparagraph (A); (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); and (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph: "(B) is assisted under section 8 of the United States Housing 42 u s e 1437f. Act of 1937 following conversion to such assistance from assist- 12 u s e 1715Z-1. ance under section 236 of the National Housing Act or section 12 u s e 1701s; 42 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965; or", u s e 1451. (c) Section 236(fK3) of the National Housing Act is amended by 12 u s e 1715Z-1. striking out "September 30, 1982" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985".
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1187 SECTION 2 3 6 ASSISTANCE SEC. 218. (a) Section 236(f) of the National Housing Act is amended 12 USC 1715z-l. by adding at the end thereof the following: "(4) To ensure that eligible tenants occupying that number of Contracts and units with respect to which assistance was being provided under this payments, subsection immediately prior to the date of enactment of this sen- tence receive the benefit of assistance contracted for under para- graph (2), the. Secretary shall offer annually to amend contracts entered into under this subsection with owners of projects assisted but not subject to mortgages insured under this section to provide sufficient payments to cover up to 90 per centum of the necessary rent increases and changes in the incomes of eligible tenants, subject to the availability of authority for such purpose under section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937. The Secretary Ante, p. 1176. shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that pay- ments, including pajnnents that reflect necessary rent increases and changes in the incomes of tenants, are made on a timely basis for all units covered by contracts entered into under paragraph (2).". (b) Section 236(iXl) of such Act is amended by adding at the end Contracts and thereof the following new sentence: "The Secretary shall utilize, to payments. the extent necessary after September 30, 1984, any authority under this section that is recaptured either as the result of the conversion of housing projects covered by assistance under subsection (fX2) to contracts for assistance under section 8 of the United States Hous- ing Act of 1937 or otherwise for the purpose of making assistance 42 u s e 1437f. payments, including amendments as provided in subsection (h), with respect to housing projects assisted, but not subject to mortgages insured, under this section that remain covered by assistance under subsection (fK2).". RENT SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM SEC. 219. (a) Section 101(g) of the Housing and Urban Development Contracts and Act of 1965 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: payments. "To ensure that qualified tenants occupying that number of unite 12 USC 1701s. with respect to which assistance was being provided under this section immediately prior to the date of enactment of this sentence receive the benefit of assistance contracted for under this section, the Secretary shall offer annually to amend contracte entered into with owners of projects assisted under this section but not subject to mortgages insured under title II of the National Housing Act to 12 USC 1707. provide sufficient paymente to cover up to 90 per centum of the necessary rent increases and changes in the incomes of qualified tenants, subject to the availability of authority for such purpose under section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937. The ^^te, p. 1176. Secretary shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that paymente, including paymente that reflect necessary rent increases and changes in the incomes of tenants, are made on a timely basis for all unite covered by contracte entered into under this section.". (b) Section 101(1) of such Act is amended by adding at the end Payments, thereof the following new sentence: "The Secretary shall utilize, to the extent necessary after September 30, 1984, any authority under this section that is recaptured either as the result of the conversion of housing projecte covered by assistance under this section to contracts for assistance under section 8 of the United States Hous- ing Act of 1937 or otherwise (1) for the purpose of making assistance 42 USC 1437f. paymente, including amendmente as provided in subsection (g), with
97 STAT. 1188 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 respect to housing projects assisted under this section, but not 12 u s e 1701. subject to mortgages insured under the National Housing Act, that remain covered by assistance under this section; and (2) if not required to provide assistance under this section, and notwithstand- ing any other provision of law, for the purpose of contracting for assistance payments under section 236(£K2) of the National Housing 12 u s e 1715Z-1. Act.". REPORT REGARDING HOUSING NEIGHBORHOOD STRATEGY AREA PROGRAM Transmittal to SEC. 220. Not later than the expiration of the one hundred twenty- eongress. day period following the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to the Congress a report with respect to the program established by the Secretary to provide assistance under 42 u s e 1437f. section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to units of general local government in areas where concentrated housing and community development block-grant assisted physical development and public service activities are conducted under title I of the 42 u s e 5301. Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. Such report shall include the following information for each unit of general local government selected to participate in such program: (1) the total number of dwelling units located in such unit of general local government that have been initially reserved by the Secretary for assistance under such program, and any subsequent revision of such number; (2) the total amount of funds pledged by such unit of general local government for all public improvements and services, and actual and future expenditures, in connection with such program; (3) the status of the dwelling units located in such unit of general local government that have been initially reserved by the Secretary for assistance under such program, including the number of units completed and occupied; (4) the total number of dwelling units required to complete each local program, as estimated by such unit of general local government; and (5) the total number of local programs considered completed by such unit of general local government. CONSIDERATION OF UTIUTY PAYMENTS MADE BY TENANTS IN ASSISTED HOUSING 42 u s e 602 note. SEC. 221. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for purposes of determining eligibility, or the amount of benefits payable, under 42 u s e 601. chapter A of title IV of the Social Security Act, any utility payment, up to the utility allowance, made by a person living in a dwelling unit in a lower income housing project assisted under the United 42 u s e 1437 States Housing Act of 1937 or section 236 of the National Housing note. Act shall be considered to be a rental payment. 12 u s e 1715Z-1. PUBUC HOUSING CHILD CARE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM 12 u s e 1701Z-6 SEC. 222. (a) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development note. (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") shall carry out a demon- stration program to determine the feasibility of using public housing facilities in the provision of child care services for lower income
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1189 families who reside in public housing. The Secretary shall design such program to determine the extent to which the availability of child care services in lower income housing projects facilitates the employability of the heads of such families and their spouses. (b) To carry out the demonstration under this section, the Secre- tary shall authorize the use of public housing agency facilities located in areas where— (1) the units of general local government have indicated that funds under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 will be made available to make minor renovations to 42 u s e 5301. the facilities to make them suitable for use as child care facili- ties, and to support child care services in such facilities; (2) the public housing agency does not have a child care services program in operation prior to the demonstration pro- gram under this section; (3) the proposed child care services program will serve pre- school children during the day, elementary school children after school, or both, in order to permit eligible persons who head the families of such children to obtain, retain, or train for emplojrment; (4) the proposed child care services program of such public housing agency is designed, to the extent practicable, to involve the participation of the parents of children benefiting from such program, and to employ in part-time positions elderly individ- uals who reside in the lower income housing project involved; and (5) the proposed child care services program of such public housing agency will comply with all applicable State and local laws, regulations, and ordinances. (c) The Secretary shall conduct periodic evaluations of each child Evaluations. care services demonstration carried out under this section for pur- poses of determining the effectiveness of such demonstration in providing child care services and permitting eligible persons who head lower income families and their spouses residing in public housing to obtain, retain, or train for employment. (d) Nothing in this section may be construed as authorizing the Secretary to establish any health, safety, educational, or other standards with respect to child care services or facilities assisted with grants received under this section. (e) Not later than the expiration of the two-year period following Report to the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and Congress. submit to the Congress a detailed report setting forth the findings and conclusions of the Secretary as a result of carrying out the demonstration program established in this section. Such report shall Recommend- include any recommendations of the Secretary with respect to the ations. establishment of a permanent program of using public housing facilities to be used in providing child care services in lower income housing projects. HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY AND HANDICAPPED SEC. 223. (aXD Section 202(aX3) of the Housing Act of 1959 is 12 u s e ITOlq. amended by inserting the following before the period at the end thereof: ", except that such interest rate plus such allowance shall not exceed 9.25 per centum per annum".
97 STAT. 1190 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 12 u s e 1701q (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall apply only with note. respect to loan agreements entered into after September 30, 1982, and prior to October 1,1984. 12 u s e ITOlq. (b) Section 202(aX4XBXi) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "and" after "1980," in the first sentence; and (2) by inserting ", to $6,400,000,000 on October 1, 1983, and to such sum as may be approved in an appropriation Act on October 1,1985," after "1981". (c) Section 202(aX4XC) of such Act is amended by striking out "$850,848,000" and "1982" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "$666,400,000" and "1984", respectively. (d) Section 202(h) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "1978" and inserting in lieu thereof "1983"; (2) by inserting before the period at the end of the first sentence the following: ", and persons described in subpara- graphs (B) and (C) of subsection (dX4) who have been released from residential health treatment facilities"; (3] in paragraph (1), by striking out "handicapped persons" and'inserting in lieu thereof "persons dpscribed in the first sentence of this subsection"; (4) in paragraph (2), by striking out "handicapped persons" and inserting in lieu thereof "persons described in the first sentence of this subsection who are"; (5) in paragraph (1), by striking out "and" at the end thereof; (6) in paragraph (2), by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof "; and". (e) Section 202 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections: Efficiency units. "(iXD Unless otherwise requested by the sponsor, a maximum of 25 per centum of the units in a project financed under this section may be efficiency units, subject to a determination by the Secretary that such units are appropriate for the elderly or handicapped population residing in the vicinity of such project or to be served by such project. "(2) The Secretary may require a sponsor of a housing project financed with a loan under this section to deposit an amount not to exceed $10,000 in a special escrow account to assure the commit- ment and long-term management capabilities of such sponsor. Per unit cost "(3) In establishing per unit cost limitations for purposes of this limitations. section, the Secretary shall take into account design features neces- sary to meet the needs of elderly and handicapped residents, and such limitations shall reflect the cost of providing such features. The Secretary shall adjust the per unit cost limitations in effect on January 1, 1983, not less than once annually to reflect changes in the general level of construction costs. Prepayment and "(jXD The Secretary may not approve the prepayment of any loan transfer. made under this section, or transfer such loan, unless such prepay- ment or transfer is made as part of a transaction that will ensure that the project involved will continue to operate until the original maturity date of such loan in a manner that will provide rental housing for the elderly and handicapped on terms at least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms required by the original loan agreement entered into under this section and any other loan agreements entered into under other provisions of law.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1191 "(2) The Secretary may not sell any mortgage held by the Secre- tai^ as security for a loan made under this section. (kXD In the process of selecting projects for loans under this section, the Secretary shall assure the inclusion of special design features and congregate space if necessary to meet the special needs of elderly and handicapped residents. "(2) The Secretary shall encourage the provision of small and scattered site group homes and independent living faMities for nonelderly handicapped persons and families. "(1) The basis for selection of a contractor to be employed in the Selection of development or construction of a project^assisted under this section contractor. shall be determined by the proiect sponsor or borrower if the development cost of the project is less than $2,000,000, if the project rentals will be less than 110 per centum of the fair market rent applicable to projects financed under this section, or if the sponsor of the project is a labor organization. ^ "(m) Nothing in this section authorizes the Secretary to prohibit any sponsor from voluntarily providing funds from other sources for amenities and other features of appropriate design and construction suitable for inclusion in such project if the cost of such cunenities is (1) not financed with the loan, and (2) not taken into account in determining the amount of Federal subsidy or of the rent contribu- tion of tenants.". CONGREGATE SERVICES SEC. 224. (a) Section 408 of the Congregate Housing Services Act of Report to 1978 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new Congress. 42 u s e 8007. subsection: "(c) Not later than March 15, 1984, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report evaluating the effects of any change§ in the administration of the congregate housing services program established in this title which have occurred since January 1, 1983. Such report shall include an evaluation by the Secretary of the reorganization or decentralization of the administration of such program, and any legislative recommendations of the Secretary for the establishment of a permanent congregate housing services pro- gram and the reasons for such recommendations.". (b) Section 411(a) of the Congregate Housing Services Act of 1978 42 u s e 8010. is amended— (1) by striking out "and" &t the end of paragraph (3); (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (4); and (3) by adding the following at the end thereof: "(5) for fiscal year 1984, not to exceed $4,000,000; and "(6) for fiscal year 1985, such sums as may be necessary.". DEMONSTRATION PROJECT SEC. 225. (a) The Congress finds that— 12 u s e 1701Z-6 (1) the Department of Health and Human Services spends in note. excess of $5,000,000,000 annually for housing in the form of allowances for shelter for public assistance recipients; (2) States administering the Department of Health and Human Services public assistance program often specify shelter allowances that have little relationship to the cost or the quality of the housing in which public assistance recipients live; (3) at least 30 per centum of public assistance recipients live in substandard housing;
97 STAT. 1192 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (4) the older rental buildings in which many public assistance recipients live are in those neighborhoods that need the assist- ance of the programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development for preservation and rehabilitation; and (5) there is the potential for improving housing for many lower income families by coordinating State and local govern- ment efforts in order to assure that families receiving public assistance payments from the Department of Health and Human Services are able to live in decent, safe, and sanitary housing. (b) The purpose of this section, therefore, is to provide assistance to units of general local government and their designated agencies in order to develop a program that will— (1) encourage the upgrading of housing occupied primarily by lower income families, including families receiving assistance under the aid for families with dependent children program 42 use 601. established under title IV of the Social Security Act; and (2) provide for better coordination at the local level of the efforts to assist families receiving public assistance from the Department of Health and Human Services so that these fami- lies will be able to occupy affordable housing that is decent, safe, and sanitary and that, if necessary, is rehabilitated with funds provided by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. (c) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereafter referred to in this section as the "Secretary") shall, to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, establish and maintain a demon- stration project to carry out the purpose described in subsection (b). Grants. (d) In canying out such project, the Secretary shall make grants to units of general local government, or designated agencies thereof, to carry out administrative plans approved by the Secretary in accordance with subsection (e), and the Secretary may make grants to States to provide technical assistance for the purpose of assisting such units of general local government to develop and carry out such plans. Grants. (eXl) Grants may be made to States and units of general local government and agencies thereof that apply for them in a manner and at a time determined by the Secretary and that, in the case of units of general local government and their agencies, are selected on the basis of an administrative plan described in such application. (2) No such administrative plan shall be selected by the Secretary unless it sets forth a plan for local government activities that are designed to— (A) require or encourage owners of rental housing occupied by lower income families to bring such housing into compliance with local housing codes; (B) provide technical assistance, loans, or grants to assist owners described in subparagraph (A) to undertake cost-effec- tive improvements of such housing; (C) work with the State to establish and implement a schedule of local shelter allowances for recipients of assistance under 42 use 601. title IV of the Social Security Act based on building quality that will be applicable to buildings involved in this program; and (D) coordinate local housing inspection, housing rehabilitation loan or grant assistance, rental assistance, and social service programs for the purpose of improving the qualitv and afford- ability of housing for lower income families.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1193 (3) Funds received from any grant made by the Secretary to a unit of general local government shall be made available for use accord- ing to the administrative plans smd may be used for— (A) technical assistance or financial assistance to property owners to upgrade housing projects described in paragraph (2XA) of this subsection; (B) temporary rental assistance to families who live in build- ings assisted under this program and who are eligible for, but are not receiving, assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, except that such families shall not 42 u s e 1437f. include families receiving assistance under title IV of the Social Security Act, and the amount of such rental assistance may not 42 u s e 601. exceed 20 per centum of each grant received under this section; (C) housing counseling and referral and other housing related services; (D) expenses incurred in administering the program carried out with funds received under this section, except that such expenses may not exceed 10 per centum of the grant received under this section; and (E) other appropriate activities that are consistent with the purposes of this section and that are approved by the Secretary. (0 Any recipient of a grant from the Secretary under this section shall agree to— (1) contribute to the program an amount equal to 15 per centum of the funds received from the Secretary under this section, and the Secretary shall permit the recipient to meet this requirement by the contribution of the value of services carried out specifically in connection with the program assisted under this section; (2) permit the Secretary and the General Accounting Office to audit its books in order to assure that the funds received under this section are used in accordance with the section; and (3) other terms and conditions prescribed by the Secretary for the purpose of carrying out this section in an effective and efficient msinner. (g) In making grants available under this section, the Secretary shall select as recipients at least 20 units of general local govern- ment (or their designated agencies). The selection of proposals for funding shall be based on criteria that result in a selection of projects that will enable the Secretary to carry out the purpose of this section in an effective and efficient manner and provide a sufficient amount of data necessary to make an evaluation of the demonstration project carried out under this section. (hXD Not later than June 1, 1984, the Secretary shall transmit to Reports to the Congress an interim report on the implementation of the demon- eongress. stration under this section. (2) The Secretary shall transmit, not later than October 1,1985, to both Houses of the Congress a detailed report concerning the find- ings and conclusions that have been reached by the Secretary as a result of carrying out this section, along with any legislative recom- mendations that the Secretary determines are necessary. (i) To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropri- ated not to exceed $10,000,000 during fiscal year 1984, and not to exceed $15,000,000 during fiscal year 1985, to remain available until expended.
97 STAT. 1194 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 SECTION 235 HOMEOWNERSHIP ASSISTANCE 12 u s e 1715z. SEC. 226. (a) Section 235(cXl) of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) by striking out "The" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "Subject to the second sentence of this paragraph, the"; and (2) by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: "Assistance pajmients pursuant to any new contract entered into after September 30, 1983, that utilizes authority approved in appropriation Acts for any fiscal year beginning after such date may not be made for more than ^ 10-year period.". Homeowner (b) Section 235(c) of such Act is amended by adding at the end assistance fund. thereof the following new paragraph: "(3XA) There hereby is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund, which, to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, may be used by the Secretary for purposes of carrying out subpara- graph (B). There shall be deposited into such fund (i) any amount recaptured under paragraph (2); (ii) any authority to make assist- ance payments under subsection (a) that is committed for use in a contract but is unused because the mortgage loan, or advance of credit involved is refinanced or because such assistance payments are terminated or suspended for other reasons before the original termination date of such contract; and (iii) any amount received under subparagraph (C). "(Bf) In t h ^ a s e of any homeowner whose assistance payments are terminated by reason of the 10-year limitation referred to in para- graph (1), and who is determined by the Secretary to be unable to assumeptthe full payments due under the mortgage, loan, or advance of credit involved, the Secretary shall, to the extent of the availabil- ity of amounts in the fund estabhshed in subparagraph (A), contract to make, and make, continued assistance pajmients on behalf of such homeowner. Such continued assistance payments shall be made in an amount determined in accordance with the applicable provisions of paragraph (1) or subsection (aX2XB) arid for such period as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. "(C) Any amounts in such fund determined by the Secretary to be in excess of the amounts currently required to carry out the provi- sions of subparagraph (B) shall be invested by the Secretary in obligations of, or obligations guaranteed as to both principal and interest by, the United States or any agency of the United States.". (c) Section 235(hXl) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "and" after "1971," in the second sentence; (2) by inserting the following before the period at the end of such sentence: ", and by such sums as may be approved in an appropriation Act on or after October 1, 1983 (from the addi- tional authority to enter into contracts made available on such date under the first sentence of section 5(cXl) of the United 42 u s e 1437c. States Housing Act of 1937)"; and (3) by inserting the following new sentences after the second sentence: "The aggregate amount that may be obligated over the duration of the contracts entered into with the authority provided on or after October 1, 1983, may not exceed such sums of new budget authority as may be appropriated after the date eommitments of enactment of this sentence. The Secretary shall begin issuing and new commitments and reservations to provide mortgage insur- reservations.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1195 ance and assistance payments under this section before the expiration of the 30-day period following the approval in any appropriation Act of budget authority for this section after the date of the enactment of this sentence.". (d) Section 235(i) of such Act is amended— 12 USC 17l5z. (1) in paragraph (3XA)— (A) by striking the word "two-family" and inserting "three-family" in lieu thereof; and (B) by inserting the words "or a two-family" before the word "dwelling" the first time it appears; (2) in paragraph (3XD)— (A) by inserting the words "or three-family" before the word "dwelling"; (B) by striking the figure "$55,000" and inserting "$60,000" in lieu thereof; and (C) by striking the figure "$61,250" and inserting "$66,250" in lieu thereof; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraphs: Insurance. "(4) In msuring eligible mortgages under this subsection, the Secretary may not deny insurance on the basis that a mortgage involves a two- to three-family dwelling or is to be used to finance substantial rehabilitation rather than new construction. "(5) As a condition of insuring a mortgage on a two- to three- family dwelling, the Secretary shall require the mortgagor (A) not to discriminate against prospective tenants on the basis of their receipt of or eligibility for housing assistance under any Federal, State or local housing assistance program and (B) to agree that during the term of the mortgage each of the rental units shall be occupied by, or available for occupancy by, persons and families whose incomes do not exceed 100 per centum of the area median income.". (e) Section 235(j) of such Act is amended— (1) in paragraph (6) by striking out "two-family" and inserting "two- to three-family" in lieu thereof; and (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: Insurance. "(9) In insuring eligible mortgages under this subsection, the Secretary may not deny insurance on the basis that a mortgage involves a two- to three-family dwelling or is to be used to finance substantial rehabilitation rather than new construction.". PET OWNERSHIP IN ASSISTED RENTAL HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY OR HANDICAPPED SEC. 227. (a) No owner or manager of any federally assisted rental 12 USC I701r-1. housing for the elderly or handicapped may— (1) as a condition of tenancy or otherwise, prohibit or prevent any tenant in such housing from owning common household pets or having common household pets living in the dwelling accommodations of such tenant in such housing; or (2) restrict or discriminate against any person in connection with admission to, or continued occupancy of, such housing by reason of the ownership of such pets by, or the presence of such pets in the dwelling accommodations of, such person. (bXD Not later than the expiration of the twelve-month period Regulations. following the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Secretary of Agriculture shall each issue such regulations as may be necessary to ensure (A) compliance with the provisions of subsection (a) with respect to any
97 STAT. 1196 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 program of assistance referred to in subsection (d) that is adminis- tered by such Secretary; and (B) attaining the goal of providing decent, safe, and sanitary housing for the elderly or handicapped, Rules. (2) Such regulations shall establish guidelines under which the owner or manager of any federally assisted rental housing for the elderly or handicapped (A) may prescribe reasonable rules for the keeping of pets by tenants in such housing; and (B) shall consult with the tenants of such housing in prescribing such rules. Such rules may consider factors such as density of tenants, pet size, types of pets, potential financial obligations of tenants, and standards of pet care. (c) Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit any owner or manager of federally assisted rental housing for the elderly or handicapped, or any local housing authority or other appropriate authority of the community where such housing is located, from requiring the removal from any such housing of any pet whose conduct or condition is duly determined to constitute a nuisance or a threat to the health or safety of the other occupants of such housing or of other persons in the community where such housing is located. "Federally (d) For purposes of this section, the term "federally assisted rental assisted rental housing for the elderly or handicapped" means any rental housing housing for the project that— elderly or handicapped." (1) is assisted under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959; or Ante, p. 1190. (2) is assisted under the United States Housing Act of 1937, 42 u s e 1437 the National Housing Act, or title V of the Housing Act of 1949, note. and is designated for occupancy by elderly or handicapped 12 u s e 1701. families, as such term is defined in section 202(dX4) of the 42 u s e 1471. Housing Act of 1959. 12 u s e 1701q. TITLE III—RENTAL HOUSING REHABILITATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM RENTAL REHABILITATION AND DEVELOPMENT GRANTS SEC. 301. The United States Housing Act of 1937 is amended by inserting before section 18 the following: RENTAL REHABILITATION AND DEVELOPMENT GRANTS 42 use i437o. "SEC. 17. (a) PROGRAM AUTHORITY.—(1) REHABILITATION AND DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.—The Secretary is authorized— "(A) to make rental rehabilitation grants to States and units of general local government to help support the rehabilitation of privately owned real property to be used for primarily resi- dential rental purposes in accordance with subsection (c); and "(B) to make development grants for new construction or substantial rehabilitation in accordance with subsection (d). "(2) AUTHORITY TO RESERVE HOUSING ASSISTANCE.—In connection with a grant under this section, the Secretary may reserve authority Ante, p. 1181. to provide housing assistance under section 8(o) to the extent necessary— "(A) to provide housing assistance to persons displaced by activities under this section; or "(B) to support the grantee's program. "(3) AUTHORIZATION.—To carry out the purposes of this section the Secretary may utilize not to exceed $615,000,000, as provided in Ante, p. 1176. Section 5(c) for Hscal years 1984 and 1985, of which amount—
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1197 "(A) not to exceed $150,000,000 shall be available in each such year for rental rehabilitation, of which $1,000,000 shall be available each year for technical assistance; and "(B) not to exceed $200,000,000 for fiscal year 1984, and $115,000,000 for fiscal year 1985, shall be available for develop- ment grants. "(b) DISTRIBUTION OF RENTAL REHABIUTATION GRANT FUNDS.—(1) Regulation. FORMULA ALLOCATION.—Of the amount available in any fiscal year for rehabilitation grants under this section, the Secretary shall allocate amounts for rehabilitation grants under subsection (c) to cities having populations of fifty thousand or more, urban counties, and States for use as provided in subsection (e), on the basis of a formula which shall be contained in a regulation proposed by the Secretary not later than sixty days after the effective date of this section. Such regulation shall be accompanied by the specific fund allocation for fiscal year 1984 for individual cities, urban counties, and States which would result from the proposed formula and any adjustments under paragraph (2). The formula contained in the regulation shall take into account objectively measurable condi- tions, including such factors as low income renter population, over- crowding of rental housing, the extent of physically inadequate housing stock, and such other objectively measurable conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate to reflect the need for assistance under this section, but excluding data relating to such factors which pertain to areas eligible for assistance under title V of the Housing Act of 1949. 42 u s e 1471. "(2) ADJUSTMENTS.—Before an allocation determined under para- graph (1) for any fiscal year is made available for use, the Secretary may adiust the allocation as follows: ' (A) The Secretary is authorized to establish minimum alloca- tion amounts for cities and urban counties, representing pro- gram levels below which, in the Secretary's determination, conduct of a rental rehabilitation program would not be feas- ible. The amount of any allocation which is below this minimum shall be added to the allocation for the State in which the city or county is located and shall be available in accordance with subsection (e). "(B) Beginning with fiscal years after fiscal year 1984, the Rental Secretary is authorized to adjust the allocation for a city, urban rehabilitation county, or State administering a rental rehabilitation program program administration. as provided in subsection (f), by up to 15 per centum above or below the amount of such allocation, based on an annual review of performance in carrying out activities under this section in a timely manner and in achieving the result that at least 80 per centum of the units rehabilitated with assistance under this section in all program years have rents which are and remain at a level which would be affordable by lower income families. The last sentence of subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an alloca- tion which is below the minimum amount described therein by reason of an adjustment under this subparagraph. The Secre- tary shall establish by regulation performance criteria for pur- poses of this subparagraph. "(3) REALLOCATION.—After the allocation of rehabilitation grant amounts, the Secretary is authorized to reallocate such amounts among grantees on the basis of the Secretary's assessment of the progress of grantees in carrying out activities under this section in accordance with their specifled schedules. Reallocations under this
97 STAT. 1198 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 paragraph shall be designed to encourage use of these resources expeditiously, consistent with the sound development and adminis- tration of the grantees' rental rehabilitation programs. "(4) RECAPTURE.—Any rental rehabilitation grant amounts which are not obligated at the end of any fiscal year shall be added to the amount available for allocation for such grants for the succeeding fiscal year. "(c) GRANTS FOR MODERATE REHABIUTATION.—(1) PROGRAM DESCRIPTION.—A rehabilitation grant may be made under this sec- tion on the basis of satisfactory information provided in a program description which shall be submitted by the grantee at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe and which shall contain— "(A) a description of the grantee's proposed rental rehabil- itation program, which shall consist of the activities each grantee proposes to undertake for the fiscal year, including the grantee's anticipated schedule in carrying out those activities, or, in case of a State distributing resources as provided in subsection (e), its proposed method of distributing the resources, which shall have been made available to the public; "(B) a certification that the grantee's program was developed after consultation with the public; "(C) a statement of the procedures and standards which will govern selection of proposals by the grantee, which procedures and standards shall take into account the extent to which the proposal represents the efficient use of Federal resources and the extent to which the housing units involved will be adequately maintained and operated with rents at the levels proposed; "(D) an estimate of the effect of the proposed program on neighborhood preservation; "(E) evidence demonstrating the financial feasibility of the proposed program, including the availability of non-Federal and private resources and including evidence that the projects to be selected for rehabilitation will be located in neighborhoods where rents are generally affordable to lower income families and that the character of the neighborhood indicates that such rents will not materially change over an extended period; and "(F) such other information as the Secretary shall prescribe. Rental "(2) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—A rental rehabilitation program rehabilitation. assisted under this section shall provide that— "(A) grant assistance shall only be used to rehabilitate real property to be used for primarily residential rental purposes; "(B) grants shall only be used to assist the rehabilitation of real property located in neighborhoods where the median income does not exceed 80 per centum of the median income for the area; "(C) grant assistance for any structure shall not exceed 50 pei centum of the total costs associated with the rehabilitation of that structure, as determined by the Secretary, except that where the Secretary determines that refinancing costs and the special nature of the project require a greater amount of assist- ance, the grant amount shall be limited to not to exceed 50 per centum of the development cost including acquisition; "(D) rehabilitation assisted under this section shall only be that which is necessary to correct substandard conditions, to
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1199 make essential improvements, and to repair major systems in danger of failure; "(E) the amount of rental rehabilitation assistance provided under this section for any structure shall not exceed $5,000 per unit except as otherwise determined by the Secretary in areas of high material and labor costs where the grantee demon- strates that every appropriate step has been taken by the grantee to contain the amount of assistance within the limit set by this paragraph and that an exception is necessary to conduct a rehabilitation program while not exceeding the rehabilitation standards of subparagraph (D); "(F) a structure may be assisted under this section only if the Low-income rehabilitation of such structure will not cause the involuntary families, displacement of very low-income families by families who are displacement. not very low-income families; "(G) the owner of each assisted structure agrees— "(i) not to discriminate against prospective tenants on the basis of their receipt of or eligibility for housing assistance under any Federal, State, or local housing assistance pro- gram or, except for a structure for housing for the elderly, on the basis that the tenants have a minor child or children who will be residing with them; and "(ii) not to convert the units to condominium ownership (or in the case of a cooperative, to condominium ownership or any form of cooperative ownership not eligible for assist- ance under this section); for at least 10 years beginning on the date on which the units in the project are completed; "(H) the State or unit of general local government that receives the assistance certifies to the satisfaction of the Secre- tary that the assistance will be made available in conformity with Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284; and 42 u s e 2000a "(I) 100 per centum of the amount of assistance provided note; 82 Stat. 73. under this section shall be used by the grantee for the benefit of lower income families, except that such requirement shall be reduced to (i) 70 per centum if the grantee certifies in accord- ance with standards prescribed by the Secretary that such reduction is necessary, and that the gremtee cannot develop a proposed program which complies with such requirement, after consultation with the public regarding the inability to develop a program which complies with such requirement, and (ii) to not less than 50 per centum where the Secretary determines that such further reduction is necessary. "(3) SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITY.—The Secretary shall assure that— "(A) an equitable share of the rehabilitation grants under this section is used to assist in the provision of housing for families, including large families with children; and "(B) a priority shall be given to projects containing units in substandard condition which are occupied by very low-income families. "(d) GRANTS FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION AND SUBSTANTIAL REHABIU- TATION.— "(1) TYPES OF ASSISTANCE.—Development grant funds may be used by the grantee to make grants or loans, provide interest reduction payments, or furnish other comparable assistance to support the
97 STAT. 1200 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 new construction or substantial rehabilitation of real property to be used primarily for residential rental purposes. "(2) AREA EUGIBILITY,—To be eligible for development grants under this subsection, a project must be located in an area that is experiencing a severe shortage of decent rental housing opportuni- ties for families and individuals without other reasonable and Regulations. affordable housing alternatives in the private market. The Secre- Minimum tary shall issue regulations, consistent with the preceding sentence, standards. that set forth minimum standards for determining areas eligible for assistance. Such standards shall be based on objectively measurable conditions, and shall take into account the extent of poverty, the extent of occupancy of physically inadequate housing by lower income families, the extent of housing overcrowding experienced by lower income families, the level and duration of rental housing vacancies, the extent of the lag between the estimated need for and production of rental housing, and other objectively measurable con- ditions specified by the Secretary consistent with the first sentence Regulations, of this subsection. The Secretary shall propose regulations under submittal to this paragraph not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of Congress. this section and shall promptly transmit to the Congress such proposed regulations accompanied by a list of those areas which meet the minimum standards contained in such regulations. Any unit of government located in an area which meets such minimum standards is eligible to submit an application for a rental housing development grant under this section. The Secretary may also consider an application for a project to be located in an area which is not eligible under such standards where the Secretary determines that a project involving assistance for other than moderate rehabili- tation is necessary in order to meet special housing needs or to advance a particular neighborhood preservation purpose. "(3) APPUCATION.—A development grant may be made under this section on the basis of information provided in an application which shall be submitted by the grantee at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe. In addition to information relating to the selection criteria set forth in paragraph (5), the application shall contain— "(A) a description of the grantee's proposed rental develop- ment program, which shall consist of the activities the grantee proposes to undertake for the fiscal year, including a specifica- tion of the grantee's anticipated schedule in carrying out those activities; "(B) a certification that the grantee's program was developed after consultation with the public; "(C) a statement of the procedures and standards which will govern selection of proposals by the grantee, which procedures and standards shall take into account the extent to which the proposal represents the efficient use of Federal resources and the extent to which the housing units involved will be ade- quately maintained and operated with rents maintained at the levels proposed; "(D) an estimate of the effect of the proposed program on neighborhood preservation; and "(E) such other information as the Secretary shall prescribe. "(4) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—A rental development program assisted under this section shall provide that— "(A) grant assistance shall be used to develop real property to be used for residential rental purposes only;
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1201 "(B) grant assistance for any structure shall not exceed 50 per centum of the total costs associated with the rehabilitation or development of that structure, as determined by the Secretary, except that where the Secretary determines that refinancing costs and the special nature of the project require a greater amount of assistance, the grant amount shall be limited to not to exceed 50 per centum of the development cost including acquisition; "(C) a structure may be assisted under this section only if the Low-income development of such structure will not cause the involuntary families, displacement. displacement of very low-income families by families who are not very low-income families; "(D) the owner of each assisted structure agrees— "(i) not to discriminate against prospective tenants on the basis of their receipt of or eligibility for housing assistance under any Federal, State, or local housing assistance pro- gram or, except for a structure for housing for the elderly, on the basis that the tenants have a minor child or children who will be residing with them; and "(ii) not to convert the units to condominium ownership (or in the case of a cooperative, to condominium ownership or any form of cooperative ownership not eligible for assist- ance under this section); during the 20-year period beginning on the date on which the units in the project are available for occupancy; "(E) the owner of each assisted structure agrees that, during the 20-year period beginning on the date on which 50 per centum of the units in the structure are occupied or completed, at least 20 per centum of the units the construction or substan- tial rehabilitation of which is provided for under the application shall be occupied, or available for occupancy by, persons and families whose incomes do not exceed 80 per centum of the area median income; "(F) the structure— "(i) will have a value after rehabilitation or construction that is not more than the amount of a mortgage on the structure that could be insured under section 207 of the National Housing Act; and 12 u s e 1713. "(ii) is secured by a mortgage which bears a rate of interest and contains such other terms and conditions as the Secretary determines are reasonable; "(G) the grantee must commence construction or substantial rehabilitation activities not later than 24 months after notice of project selection; and "(H) the State or unit of general local government that receives the assistance certifies to the satisfaction of the Secre- tary that the assistance will be made available in conformity with Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284. 42 u s e 2000a "(5) PROJECT SELECTION.—In selecting projects to receive develop- note; 82 Stat. 73. ment grants, the Secretary shall make such selection on the basis of the extent— "(A) of the severity of the shortage of decent rental housing opportunities in the area in which the project or projects are to be located for families and individuals without other reasonable and affordable housing alternatives in the private market;
97 STAT. 1202 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(B) of non-Federal public and private financial or other contributions that reduce the amount of assistance necessary under this section; "(C) to which the project or projects contribute to neighbor- hood development and mitigate displacement; "(D) to which the applicant has established a satisfactory record of performance in meeting assisted housing needs and has the capacity to undertake the program in a timely manner; "(E) to which the assistance requested will provide the maxi- mum number of units for the least cost to the Federal Govern- ment, taking into consideration the extent to which assistance provided will be recaptured and cost differences among differ- ent areas, among financing alternatives, and among the types of projects and tenants being served; "(F) to which the grantee will establish a mechanism to assure the maintenance of affordable rentals for lower income families; "(G) to which the applicant has demonstrated the financial feasibility of the proposed program, including the availability of non-Federal and private resources; and "(H) to which an equitable share of the development grant funds under this section will be used to assist in the provision of housing for families, including large families with children. "(6) PRIORITIES.—In selecting projects for grants under this subsec- tion, the Secretary shall give a priority to proposals involving projects— "(A) which exceed the minimum requirements of paragraph (4XE); and "(B) in areas where the waiting lists for housing assistance are relatively long and where families holding certificates 42 u s e 1437f. under section 8 require an excessive length of time to find housing. "(7) ENFORCEMENT OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—(A) The grantee shall take appropriate legal action to enforce compliance with the requirements of this subsection by the owner of any assisted prop- erty or his or her successors in interest during the 20-year period beginning on the date on which 50 per centum of the units are Violation, occupied or are completed. For any violation of such agreements, the payment. owner or his or her successors in interest shall make a payment to the grantee of an amount that equals the total amount of assistance provided under this title with respect to such project, plus interest thereon (without compounding), for each year and any fraction thereof that the assistance was outstanding, at a rate determined by the Secretary taking into account the average yield on outstanding marketable long-term obligations of the United States during the month preceding the date on which the assistance was made avail- able. The amount of such assistance (and accrued interest) which is required to be repaid shall be reduced by 10 per centum for each full year in excess of 10 years which intervened between the commence- ment of the period and the violation. Any amounts recovered by the grantee shall be used to furnish assistance under this section. "(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any assistance provided under this subsection shall constitute a debt, which is payable in the case of any failure to carry out the agreements, and shall be secured by the security instruments provided by the owner to the grantee.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1203 "(8XA) RENT PROVISIONS.—Rents charged for units available for occupancy by lower income families in any project assisted under this subsection shall be approved by the grantee. In approving such rents, the grantee shall provide that the rents of such units are not more than 30 per centum of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 50 per centum of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families. Not less than 30 days prior written notice of any Increase increase in rents shall be provided to such tenants. notification. "(B) Any schedule of rents submitted by an owner to the grantee for approval shall be deemed to be approved unless the grantee informs the owner, within 60 days after receiving such schedule, that such schedule is disapproved. "(9) GRANT AMOUNT.—The amount of a development grant pro- vided under this subsection shall not be more than that amount which will provide decent rental or cooperative housing of modest design which is affordable for families and individuals without other reasonable and affordable housing alternatives in the private market, including an amount necessary to achieve compliance with paragraph (8XA). "(e) STATE PROGRAM.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the State shall administer resources made available under subsection (bX2) for any fiscal year. These resources shall only be used to carry out activities under this section in cities with populations of less than fifty thousand and in urban counties and cities whose alloca- tions are less than the minimum allocation amount established under subsection (bX2), but may not be used in areas which are eligible for assistance under title V of the Housing Act of 1949. The 42 u s e 1471. State may use all or part of these resources (A) to carry out its own rental rehabilitation program, or (B) to distribute them to units of general local government. A city with a population over fifty thou- sand may, with the agreement of the State government, elect to contract with the State to administer the grant program under this section in any fiscal year. "(2) States may elect not to administer resources made available under subsection (bX2) of this section. This election shall be made in such manner and before such time as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall administer the resources available to any State exercising such an election in accordance with regulations and procedures prescribed by the Secretary, including the administra- tion of grant programs of cities with populations over fifty thousand which elect not to administer their own program. Such regulations shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be comparable to those for cities and urban counties receiving resources under subsection (b). "(3) A State may apply for and receive, on behalf of a unit of local government located in that State and with the concurrence of that unit of general local government, a rental development grant to be used in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d). "(4) In any case in which the State is a grantee under any provision of this section, the Secretary shall require that the State take such actions as may be appropriate to assure compliance with the program requirements, owner agreements, and other provisions of this section. "(f) APPUCABIUTY OF REQUIREMENTS OR AGREEMENTS.—Require- ments imposed by or agreements made with Stetes and units of general local government regarding rents in structures assisted
97 STAT. 1204 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 under this section (including requirements relating to the rents which may be charged after rehabilitation) shall not apply to a structure assisted under this section unless (1) such requirements are imposed or agreements are entered into pursuant to a State law or local ordinance of general applicability which was enacted and in effect in that jurisdiction prior to the date of enactment of this section, and (2) such requirements or agreements would apply gener- ally to structures not assisted under this section. Regulations. "(g) RELOCATION.—The Secretary shall by regulation establish such standards governing reasonable relocation payments and other related assistance as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, "(h) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—Grantees receiving assistance under this section shall not deduct therefrom any amounts to cover administrative expenses incurred by them in carrying out their responsibilities under this section. "(i) PRESERVATION, ENVIRONMENTAL POUCY, AND LABOR STAND- ARDS.—(1) The Secretary shall establish procedures which support national historic preservation objectives and which assure that, if any rehabilitation or development proposed to be assisted under this section would affect property which is included on the National Register of Historic Places or which is eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places, such activity shall not be undertaken unless (A) it will reasonably meet the standards issued by the Secretary of the Interior and the appropriate State historic preservation officer is afforded the opportunity to comment on the specific rehabilitation or development program, or (B) the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation is afforded an opportunity to com- ment on cases for which the grantee of assistance, in consultation with the State historic preservation officer, determines that the proposed activity cannot reasonably meet such standards or would adversely affect historic property as defined therein. "(2) The Secretary's award and grantee's use of resources made available under this section shall be subject to section 104(f) of the 42 u s e 5304. Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. "(3) A structure assisted under this section shall be treated as a project subject to a mortgage insured under section 220 of the 12 u s e 1715k, National Housing Act for the purpose of section 212 of such Act. 1715c. "(j) FINANCING.—Subject to terms and conditions that are pre- scribed by the Secretary and are consistent with the purpose and other provisions of this section, any obligation issued by a State or local housing agency for the purpose of financing the development of a project or projects assisted under this section is hereby deemed an obligation that meets the requirements of, and has the benefits (including the benefit of interest earned with respect to the obliga- tion being exempt from Federal taxation) associated with, an obliga- 42 use 14371. tion described in section 11(b). "(k) DEFINITIONS.—For the purpose of this section— "(1) the term 'rehabilitation grant' means a grant to finance moderate rehabilitation; "(2) the term 'development grant' means a grant to finance new construction or substantial rehabilitation; "(3) the Secretary shall use the same population data and rules for designating cities and urban counties as apply under 42 use 5301. title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974; "(4) the term 'real property to be used primarily for residen- tial rental purposes' includes cooperative or mutual housing
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1205 which has a resale structure which enables the cooperative to maintain affordability for lower income families; and "(5) the term 'grantee' means— "(A) any city or urban county receiving resources under this section; "(B) any State administering a rental rehabilitation or development program as provided in subsection (f); and "(C) any unit of general local government which receives assistance from the Secretary as provided in subsection (fX2). The Secretary shall encourage cooperation by units of general local C!onsortium. government in the administration of grants under this section by permitting consortia of geographically proximate units of general local government to apply for assistance on behalf of their members, including establishment of eligibility under subsection (b) for consor- tia whose combined populations exceed fifty thousand and which can otherwise meet the requirements of such subsection. Any amounts made available to such a consortium shall be deducted from the allocation to the State in which the units of general local government are located. "(1) REVIEW AND AUDIT.—The Secretary shall, at least on an annual basis, make such reviews and audits as may be necessary or appropriate to determine— "(1) where the grantee is a unit of general local government or a State carrying out its own program as provided in subsec- tion (fKD, whether the grantee has carried out its activities in a timely manner and in accordance with the requirements of this section, and has a continuing capacity to carry out those activi- ties in a timely manner; and "(2) where the grantee is a State distributing resources made available under this section to units of general local government as provided in subsection (eX2), whether the State (A) has distributed such resources in a timely manner and in accord- ance with the requirements of this section, and (B) has made such reviews and audits of the units of general local govern- ment as may be necessary or appropriate to determine whether they have satisfied the performance criteria described in para- graph (1). In addition to the adjustments based on performance authorized by subsection (bX2), the Secretary may adjust, reduce, or withdraw resources made available to States and units of general local govern- ment receiving assistance under this section, or take other action as appropriate in accordance with the findings of these reviews and audits, except that resources already expended on eligible activities shall not be recaptured or deducted from future resources made available to the grantee. Any amounts which become available as a result of actions under this paragraph shall be reallocated in the year in which they become available to such grantee or grantees as the Secretary may determine. "(m) PERFORMANCE REPORT.—Prior to the beginning of fiscal year Submittal to 1985 and each fiscal year thereafter, each grantee shall submit to Secretary. the Secretary a performance report concerning the activities carried out pursuant to this section, together with an assessment by the grantee of the relationship of these activities to the objectives of this section. Such report shall contain an analysis of the program's cost effectiveness, the type and income levels of tenants who benefit from the rehabilitation program, any tenant displacement resulting from
97 STAT. 1206 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 the program, and any other information the Secretary may require. To facilitate this reporting requirement, each grantee shall require owners of property rehabilitated under this section to provide veri- fied income data and other pertinent tenant demographic informa- tion as prescribed by the Secretary (to include household size and race) or to otherwise arrange for the collection of such information on an annual basis. The Secretary shall stipulate the format for such data collection to assure that such information can be aggre- gated at the national level to allow congressional oversight. "(n) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Prior to the beginning of fiscal year 1985 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall provide a report to the Congress ais to the overall progress of grantees in meeting the objectives of this section. Such report shall include an analysis of program costs, services delivered, beneficiaries, and the extent to which lower income tenants have been displaced as a result of rehabilitation assisted under this section.". CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO THE HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1 9 7 4 SEC. 302. (a) Section 105(a) of the Housing and Community Devel- 42 u s e 5305. opment Act of 1974 is amended— (1) by striking out "and" at the end of clause (16); (2) by striking out the period at the end of clause (17) and inserting in lieu thereof "; and"; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following: "(18) the rehabilitation or development of housing assisted Ante, p. 1196. under section 17 of the United States Housing Act of 1937.", 42 u s e 5307. (b) Section 107(d) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "unless the applicant" in paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "and no assistance may be made available under section 17 of the United States Hous- ing Act of 1937 unless the grantee"; and (2) by inserting "grantee or" before "applicant" in paragraph (3). 42 u s e 5301 (c) Section 817 of such Act is amended— note. (1) by striking out "and" after "1966,"; and (2) by inserting after "and 1970" the following: ", and section 17 of the United States Housing Act of 1937". CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO THE NATIONAL HOUSING ACT Insurance. SEC. 303. (a) Section 244 of the National Housing Act is amended 12 u s e 1715Z-9. oy adding at the end thereof the following: "(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, in the Post, p. 1207. case of a mortgage insured under section 223(f) secured by property which is to be rehabilitated or developed under section 17 of the Ante, p. 1196. United States Housing Act of 1937, such coinsurance may include provisions that— "(1) insurance benefits shall equal the sum of (A) 90 per centum of the mortgage on the date of institution of foreclosure proceedings (or on the date of acquisition of the property other- wise after default), and (B) 90 per centum of interest arrears on the date benefits are paid; "(2) the mortgagee shall remit to the Secretary, for credit tu the General Insurance Fund, 90 per centum of any proceeds of the property, including sale proceeds, net of the mortgagee's
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1207 actual and reasonable costs related to the property and the enforcement of security; "(3) pajonent of such benefits shall be made in cash unless the mortgagee submits a written request for debenture pajmient; and "(4) the underwriter of coinsurance may reinsure 10 per centum of the mortgage amount with a private mortgage insur- ance company or with a State iportgage insurance agency. No commitment for insurance pursuant to this subsection may be Insurance issued on or after October 1,1985.". commitment issuance. (b) Section 223(f) of such Act is amended by adding at the end 12 u s e 1715n. thereof the following: , "(5) In the case of any purchase or refinancing under this subsec- tion involving property to be rehabilitated or developed under sec- tion 17 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, th6 Secretary Ante, p. 1196. may— "(A) include rehabilitation or development costs of not to exceed $20,000 per unit, except that the Secretary may increase such amount by not to exceed 25 per centum for specific proper- ties where cost levels so require; "(B) permit subordinated liens securing up to the full amount of mortgage financing provided by State or local governments or agencies thereof; and "(C) pay such benefits in cash unless the mortgagee submits a written r ^ u e s t for debenture payment.". TITLE IV—PROGRAM AMENDMENTS AND EXTENSIONS PART A—FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION MORTGAGE INSURANCE PROGRAMS Subpart 1—General Authorities and Requirements EXTENSION OF MORTGAGE INSURANCE PROGRAMS SEC. 401. (a) Section 2(a) df the National Housing Act is amended Ante, p. 745. by striking out "December 1, 1983" in the first sentence and insert- ing in lieu thereof "October 1,1985". (b) Section 217 of such Act is amended by striking out "November Ante, p. 745. 30,1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". (c) Section 221(f) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- Ante, p. 745. ber 30, 1983" in the fifth sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". (dXD Section 235(m) of such Act is amended by striking out Ante, p. 745. "November 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30, 12 USC 17l5z. 1985". (2) Section 235(qXl) of such Act is amended by striking out "No- vember 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". (e) Section 244(d) of such Act is amended— Ante, p. 745. (1) by striking out "November 30, 1983" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985"; (2) by striking out "December 1, 1983" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "October 1,1985"; and (3) by striking out the last two sentences.
97 STAT. 1208 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Ante, p. 745. (f) Section 245(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- ber 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30, 1985". Ante, p. 745. (g) Section 809(0 of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- ber 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30, 1985". Ante, p. 745. (h) Section 81(Xk) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- ber 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30, 1985". Ante, p. 745. (i) Section 1002(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- ber 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". Ante, p. 745. (j) Section 1101(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- ber 30, 1983" in the last sentence and inserting in. lieu thereof "September 30, 1985". AMOUNT TO BE INSURED UNDER THE NATIONAL HOUSING ACT 12 use l735f-9. SEC. 402. Section 531 of the National Housing Act is amended to read as follows: " A M O U N T O F I N S U R E D MORTGAGES "SEC. 531. Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject only to the absence of qualified requests for insurance, to the 12 use 1707. authority provided in title II, and to any funding limitation approved in appropriation Acts, the Secretary shall enter into com- mitments during each of the fiscal years 1984 and 1985 to insure mortgages under title II with an aggregate principal amount of $50,900,000,000.". AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS TO COVER LOSSES TO THE GENERAL INSURANCE FUND 12 use 1735c. SEC. 403. Section 519(0 of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) by inserting "such sums as may be necessary" after "appropriated"; and (2) by striking out "not" and all that follows through "1981". EUMINATION OF REQUIREMENT THAT FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION INTEREST RATES BE SET BY LAW SEC. 404. (a) The Act entitled "An Act to amend chapter 37 of title 38 of the United States Code with respect to the veterans' home loan program, to amend the National Housing Act with respect to inter- est rates on insured mortgages, and for other purposes", approved May 7, 1968 (Pub. L. 90-301) is amended by striking out sections 3 12 use 1709-1 and 4. and note. (bXD Section 2(bX5) of the National Housing Act is amended to 12 use 1703. read as follows: "(5) No insurance shall be granted under this section to any such financial institution with respect to any obligation representing any such loan, advance of credit, or purchase by it unless the obligation has such maturity, bears such insurance premium charges, and contains such other terms, conditions, and restrictions as the Secre- tary shall prescribe, in order to make credit available for the purpose of this title. Any such obligation with respect to which insurance is granted under this section shall bear interest at such
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1209 rate as may be agreed upon by the borrower and the financial institution.'. (2) Section 203(bX5) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 12 USe 1709. "(5) Bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". (3) Section 203(kX3XB) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(B) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee;". (4) The first sentence of the first undesignated paragraph of section 207(cX3) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "The 12 u s e 1713. mortgage shall provide for complete amortization by periodic pay- ments within such term as the Secretary shall prescribe, and shall bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". (5) The first sentence of section 213(d) of such Act is amended to 12 u s e 1715e. read as follows: "Any mortgage insured under this section shall provide for complete amortization by periodic payments within such term as the Secretary may prescribe but not to exceed 40 years from the beginning of amortization of the mortgage, and shall bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". (6) The second sentence of section 220(dX4) of such Act is amended 12 use 1715k. to read as follows: "The mortgage shall bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee and contain such terms and provisions with respect to the application of the mortgagor's periodic payment to amortization of the principal of the mortgage, insurance, repairs, alterations, payment of taxes, default reserves, delinquency charges, foreclosure proceedings, anticipation of maturity, additional and secondary liens, and other matters as the Secretary may in the Secretary's discretion prescribe.". (7) Section 220(hX2Xiii) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(iii) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee;". (8) Section 221(dX5) of such Act is amended by striking out "(exclu- 12 USC 1715Z. sive" and all that follows through "mortgage market" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee". (9) Section 231(cX6) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 12 USe 17l5v. "(6) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee; and". (10) Section 232(dX3XB) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 12 USe 17l5w. "(B) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". (11) The first sentence of section 234(f) of such Act is amended to 12 USe 17l5y. read as follows: "Any blanket mortgage insured under subsection (d) shall provide for complete amortization by periodic payments within such terms as the Secretary may prescribe but not to exceed 40 years from the beginning of amortization of the mortgage, and shall bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". (12) Section 235(iX3) of such Act is amended— 12 USC I7i5z;. (A) by striking out "and" at the end of subparagraph (D); (B) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting in lieu thereof "; and"; and (C) by adding the following new subparagraph at the end thereof:
97 STAT. 1210 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(F) bear interest at a rate not to exceed such percent per annum on the amount of the principal obligation outstanding at any time as the Secretary finds necessary to meet the mortggige market, taking into consideration the yields on mortgages in the primary and secondary markets.". 12 u s e 1715Z-5. (13) Section 240(cX4) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(4) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee;". 12 u s e 1715Z-6. (14) Section 241(bX3) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(3) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee;". 12 u s e 1715Z-7. (15) Section 242(dX3XB) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(B) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee.". 12 u s e 1749bb. (16) Section 1002(dX2) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(2) bear interest at such rate as may be agreed upon by the mortgagor and the mortgagee, except that the Secretary may agree to a reasonable extension of the term of a mortgage, the maturity of which is limited by this paragraph to not more than 10 years, if the Secretary determines that unusual or unfore- seen circumstances make such extension necessary to avoid undue hardship to the mortgagor;". MINIMUM PROPERTY STANDARDS 12 use 1735f-4. SEC. 405. (a) Section 526 of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ", other than manufac- tured homes," after "housing"; (2) by adding the following new sentence at the eifd thereof: "Following the effective date of this sentence, the energy per- formance requirements developed and established by the Secre- tary under this subsection for newly constructed residential housing, other than manufactured homes, shall be at least as effective in performance as the energy performance require- ments incorporated in the minimum property standards that were in effect under this subsection on September 30, 1982."; and (3) by inserting "(a)" after the section designation and adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(b) The Secretary may require that each property, other than a manufactured home, subject to a mortgage insured under this Act shall, with respect to health and safety, comply with one of the nationally recognized model building codes, or with a State or local building code based on one of the nationally recognized model building codes or their equivalent. The Secretary shall be responsi- ble for determining the comparability of the State and local codes to such model codes and for selecting for compliance purposes an appropriate nationally recognized model building code where no such model code has been duly adopted or where the Secretary determines the adopted code is not comparable.". (b) The section heading of section 526 of such Act is amended to read as follows: "MINIMUM PROPERTY STANDARDS". TIME OF PAYMENT OF MORTGAGE INSURANCE PREMIUMS 12 u s e 1735f-8. SEC. 406. Section 530 of the National Housing Act is amended-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1211 (1) by striking out "promptly upon their receipt from the borrower" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: (1) in the case of loans or mortgages respecting one- to four-family resi- dences, promptly upon their receipt from the borrower, and (2) in any other case, promptly when due to the Secretary"; (2) by inserting "or due date, as appropriate," after "such receipt"; and (3) by inserting "or after the due date, as appropriate," before "and ending". MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR AMERICAN SAMOA SEC. 407. (a) Section 9 of the National Housing Act is amended by 12 USC 1706d. inserting "American Samoa," after "the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,". (b) Section 201(d) of such Act is amended by inserting "American 12 USC 1707. Samoa," after "the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,". (c) Section 207(aX7) of such Act is amended by inserting "Ameri- 12 USC 1713. can Samoa," after "the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,". ASSIGNMENT OF SECTION 2 2 1 ( g ) ( 4 ) MORTGAGES TO GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION SEC. 408. Section 221(gX4) of the National Housing Act is amended 12 USC 1715Z. by inserting "(A)" after the paragraph designation and by adding the following new subparagraph at the end thereof: "(B) In processing a claim for insurance benefits under this para- graph, the Secretary may direct the mortgagee to assign, transfer, and deliver the original credit instrument and the mortgage secur- ing it directly to the Government National Mortgage Association in lieu of assigning, transferring, and delivering the credit instrument and the mortgage to the Secretary. Upon the assignment, transfer, Contract and delivery of the credit instrument and the mortgage to the termination. Association, the mortgage insurance contract shall terminate and the mortgagee shall receive insurance benefits as provided in sub- paragraph (A). The Association is authorized to accept such loan documents in its own name and to hold, service, and sell such loans as agent for the Secretary. The mortgagor's obligation to pay a service charge in lieu of a mortgage insurance premium shall continue as long as the mortgage is held by the Association or by the Secretary. The Secretary shall have the same authority with respect to mortgages assigned to the Secretary or the Association under this subparagraph as provided by section 223(c).". 12 USC 1715n. TERMINATION OF SECTTION 2 2 1 BUY-BACK PROVISION SEC. 409. The first sentence of section 221(gX4XA) of the National Housing Act, as redesignated by section 408 of this Act, is amended 12 USC 1715/. by inserting after "this section" the following: "pursuant to a commitment to insure entered into before the effective date of this clause".
97 STAT. 1212 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Subpart 2—Single-Family Mortgage Insurance Programs TITLE I INSURANCE FOR EXISTING MANUFACTURED HOMES 12 u s e 1703. SEC. 415. Section 2(a) of the National Housing Act is amended by inserting the following before the last undesignated paragraph thereof: "The insurance authority provided under this section may be made available with respect to any existing manufactured home that has not been insured under this section if such home was constructed in accordance with the standards issued under the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards 42 u s e 5401 Act of 1974 and it meets standards similar to the minimum property note. standards applicable to existing homes insured under title II.'. 12 u s e 1707. INCREASED TITLE I LOAN UMITS FOR MANUFACTURED HOMES AND LOTS 12 u s e 1703. SEC. 416. (a) Section 2(bXl) of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking out "$22,500" and all that follows through "modules)" and inserting in lieu thereof "$40,500"; (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking out "$35,000" and all that follows through "modules)" and inserting in lieu thereof "$54,000"; and (3) in subparagraph (E), by striking out "such an amount as may be necessary, but not exceeding $12,500," and inserting in lieu thereof "$13,500". Ot)) Section 2(bX2) of such Act is amended by striking out the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "In other areas, the maximum dollar amounts specified in subsections (bXlXD) and (bXlXE) may be increased on an area-by-area basis to the extent the Secretary deems necessary, but not to exceed the percentage by which the maximum mortgage amount of a one-family residence in Post, pp. 1216, the area is increased by the Secretary under section 203(bX2).". 1217. REFINANCING MANUFACTURED HOMES UNDER TITLE I 12 u s e 1703. SEC. 417. Section 2(bX6) of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subparagraph: "(C) The owner-occupant of a manufactured home or a home and lot which was purchased without assistance under this section but which otherwise meets the requirements of this section may refi- nance such home or home and lot under this section if the home was constructed in accordance with standards established under section 604 of the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety 42 u s e 5403. Standards Act of 1974.". COUNSEUNG FOR PERSONS ASSISTED UNDER TEMPORARY MORTGAGE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM 12 use 1715u. SEC. 418. Section 230(d) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out ", to the extent practicable,". COOPERATIVE HOUSING 12 use 1709. SEC. 419. Section 203(n) of the National Housing Act is amended—
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1213 (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting the following before the period at the end of the second sentence: "or the construction of which was completed more than a year prior to the application for the mortgage insurance"; and (2) by striking out "nonprofit" in paragraph (2XA). MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR CONDOMINIUM UNITS SEC. 420. (a) The first sentence of section 234(c) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out "(2)" and all t h a t follows 12 u s e 1715y. through the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "and (2) at least 80 percent of the units in .the project covered by mortgages insured under this title are occupied by the mortgagors or comortgagors.". (b) The third sentence of section 234(c) of such Act is amended by striking out "(A)" and all t h a t follows through "$25,000" the second place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(A) involve a principal obligation in an amount not to exceed the maximum principal obligation of a mortgage which may be insured in the area pursuant to section 203(bX2)". Post, pp. 1216, (c) Section 234 of such Act is amended by adding at the end 1217. thereof the following: "(k) With respect to a unit in any project which was converted from rental housing, no insurance may be provided under this section unless (1) the conversion occurred more than one year prior to the application for insurance, (2) the mortgagor or comortgagor was a tenant of that rental housing, or (3) the conversion of the property is sponsored by a bona fide tenants organization represent- ing a majority of the households in the project.". SINGLE-FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE ON HAWAIIAN HOME LANDS SEC. 421. Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: SINGLE-FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE ON HAWAIIAN HOME LANDS "SEC. 247. (a) The Secretary, subject to such conditions as the 12 use Secretary may prescribe, may insure under any provision of this 1715Z-12. title t h a t authorizes such insurance, a mortgage covering a property upon which there is located a one- to four-family residence, without regard to any limitation in this Act relating to marketability of title or any other limitation in this Act that the Secretary determines is contrary to promoting the availability of such insurance on Hawai- ian home lands, if— "(1) the mortgage is executed by a native Hawaiian on prop- erty located within Hawaiian home lands covered under a homestead lease issued under section 207(a) of the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, 1920, or under the corresponding provi- 48 u s e 701. sion of the Constitution of the State of Hawaii adopted under section 4 of the Act entitled "An Act to provide for the admis- sion of the State of Hawaii into the Union", approved March 18, 1959 (73 Stat. 5); 48 u s e note "(2) the property will be used as the principal residence of the prec. 491. Mortgagor; and "(3) the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands of the State of Hawaii (A) is a comortgagor; (B) guarantees to reimburse the
97 STAT. 1214 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Secretary for any mortgage insurance claim paid in connection with a property on Hawaiian home lands; or (C) offers other security acceptable to the Secretary. "(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Secre- tary may, with respect to mortgages eligible for insurance under subsection (a), insure and make commitments to insure advances made during construction if the Secretary determines that the proposed construction is otherwise acceptable and that no feasible financing alternative is available. Definitions. "(c) For purposes of this section: "(1) The term 'native Hawaiian' means any descendant of not less than one-half part of the blood of the races inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands before J a n u a r y 1, 1778. "(2) The term 'Hawaiian home lands' means all lands given the status of Hawaiian home lands under section 204 of the 48 use 698. Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, 1920, or under the corre- sponding provision of the Constitution of the State of Hawaii adopted under section 4 of the Act entitled "An Act to provide for the admission of the State of Hawaii into the Union", 48 u s e note approved March 18, 1959 (73 Stat. 5).". prec. 491. SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS SEC. 422. Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS 12 use "SEC. 248. (a) The Secretary, subject to such special conditions as 1715Z-13. the Secretary may prescribe, may insure under any provision of this title that authorizes such insurance, a mortgage covering a property upon which there is located a one- to four-family residence, without regard to any limitation in this Act relating to marketability of title or any other limitation in this Act that the Secretary determines is contrary to promoting the availability of such insurance on Indian reservations if the mortgage (1) is executed by an Indian tribe and the property is located on trust or otherwise restricted lands; or (2) is executed by a member of an Indian tribe who will use the property as a principal residence and the property is on trust lands or otherwise restricted land. "(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, with respect to mortgages covering a property upon which there is located a one- to four-family residence— "(1) the Secretary may insure and make commitments to insure under this title pursuant to this section advances made during construction where the Secretary determines that the proposed construction is otherwise acceptable and meets an applicable tribal or national model building code, and that no feasible financing alternative is available; "(2) the applicable percentage limitation on the amount of the principal obligation of a mortgage based on the appraised value or replacement cost, as appropriate, of a one- to four-family owner-occupied residence contained in this title shall apply in the case of all mortgages insured pursuant to this section without regard to whether the residences are owner-occupied where the residences are owned by the tribe; and
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1215 "(3XA) the Secretary may require an Indian tribe, only as a Grants. condition of insurance made under this title pursuant to this section, to pledge income from tribal resources or income from tribal assets not subject to a restriction by the Secretary of the Interior or pledge grants under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 or any other Federal 42 u s e 5301. grant program administered by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to be used to reimburse the Secretary for any mortgage insurance claims paid in connection with resi- dences insured pursuant to this section; or "(B) in the case of an individual Indian mortgagor, the Secre- tary may require a pledge of his or her share of distributed income from tribal resources or income from tribal assets, excluding any Federal grants received by the tribe. "(c) The Secretary may not refuse to insure a mortgage under this section to an individual home purchaser because there is no distrib- uted tribal or trust fund income attributable to t h a t purchaser. "(d) Before making any commitment to insure a mortgage under Eviction this section with respect to property located on tribal or trust land, procedures. the Secretary shall require a showing by the tribe t h a t it has adopted eviction procedures to be used in the event of a default. "(e) A mortgage insured under this section may be assumed, subject to credit approval by t h e lender and the consent of the tribe to an assumption of the existing lease or the grant of a new lease, without an adjustment of the interest rate. Any other sale of a property subject to a mortgage insured under this section may be made only if a new lease is granted, except t h a t a sale following a foreclosure may be accompanied by an assumption of the lease with the consent of the tribe. "(fXD The Secretary shall make information regarding the status Loan and payment history of loans insured under this section available to information, local credit bureaus and prospective creditors. Prior to accepting availability. assignment of a mortgage, the Secretary shall require mortgagees to Mortgagee submit documentation t h a t mortgagors have been counseled in a counseling. face-to-face interview, informed of the provisions of this subsection or other available assistance, and provided with the names and addresses of officials of the Department of Housing and Urban Development to whom further communications shall be addressed. "(2) Notwithstanding the requirement for conveyance of title under section 204, a mortgagee under this section shall be entitled to 12 u s e 1710. receive the benefit of insurance under this section in the case of a mortgage which is more t h a n 90 days in default upon conveyance of the lease agreement and the mortgage documents. "(3) In the event that any default is cured, the Secretary shall seek to reinstate the loan with the mortgagee or another mortgagee. For purposes of this paragraph, the Secretary may provide appropri- ate financial incentives to reinstate the loan commensurate with sound management of the insurance fund. "(4) If t h e Secretary determines t h a t a mortgagor is not making a Garnishment. good-faith effort to cure a default, and that trust fund or tribal income is available under subsection (bX3XB), the Secretary shall commence proceedings for the garnishment of the mortgagor's dis- tributed share of tribal or trust fund income in order to collect loan payments that are past due. Proceedings under this paragraph maj be instituted in a tribal court, court of competent jurisdiction desig- nated by the tribe, or Federal district court.
97 STAT. 1216 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Foreclosure "(b) If the Secretary determines such action is necessary to protect proceedings. the insurance fund from undue loss, the Secretary may initiate foreclosure proceedings with respect to any mortgage acquired under this subsection. Such proceeding may take place in a tribal court, a court of competent jurisdiction, or Federal district court. Any such court shall have jurisdiction to convey to the Secretary the remaining life of a lease on the real property and to order eviction of the delinquent mortgagor. Premium "(g) In the administration of this section, the Secretary shall charge. establish a premium charge for insurance that will be sufficient to cover the full costs of the mortgage insurance program under this section, except that such charge may not exceed 3 percent per annum of the principal amount of the mortgage outstanding at any Report to time. Not later than September 30, 1984, the Secretary shall deter- Congress. mine and report to the Congress on the feasibility of eliminating any excess amount of the premium under this section over the premium 12 u s e 1709. under section 203. In the event such premiums are not sufficient to Recommenda- cover the full costs of the mortgage insurance program under this tions to section, the Secretary shall make recommendations to the Congress Congress. about changes to the program. Definitions. "(h) For purposes of this section: "(1) The term 'Indian tribe' means any Indian or Alaska native tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or commu- nity of Indians or Alaska natives recognized as eligible for the services provided to Indians or Alaska natives by the Secretary of the Interior because of its status as such an entity, or that is an eligible recipient under chapter 67 of title 31, United States 31 u s e 6701 et Code. seq. "(2) The term 'trust or otherwise restricted land' means (A) that area of land, as defined by the Secretary of the Interior, over which an Indian tribe is recognized by the United States as having governmental jurisdiction; (B) land held in trust for the benefit of any Indian tribe or individual or held by any Indian tribe or individual subject to a restriction by the United States against alienation; or (C) land acquired by Alaska natives under 43 u s e 1601 the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act or any other land note. acquired by Alaska natives pursuant to statute by virtue of their unique status as Alaska natives.". TREATMENT OF FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION SINGLE FAMILY PREMIUMS 12 use 1709. SEC. 423. (a) Section 203 of the National Housing Act is amended by inserting the following new subsection after subsection (c): "(d) Notwithstanding any provision of this title governing maxi- mum mortgage amounts for insuring a mortgage secured by a one- to four-family dwelling, the maximum amount of the mortgage determined under any such provision may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured.'. (bXD The first sentence of section 203(bX2) of such Act is amended by striking out the following: ": Provided, That the foregoing maxi- mum mortgage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured . 12 use 1715e. (2) Section 213(bX2) of such Act is amended by striking out the following: ": Provided further. That the foregoing maximum mort-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1217 gage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured". (3) Section 221(dX2XA) of such Act is amended by striking out the 12 u s e 1715/. following: ": Provided further, That the foregoing maximum mort- gage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured". (4) Clause (A) of the third sentence of section 234(c) of such Act is 12 u s e 1715y. amended by striking out the following: ": Provided, That t h e forego- ing maximum mortgage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured". (5) Section 235(i) of such Act is amended— 12 u s e 1715z. (A) by striking out in paragraph (3XB) the following: ": Pro- vided, That the foregoing maximum mortgage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured"; (B) by striking out in paragraph (3XC) the following: ": Pro- vided, That the foregoing maximum mortgage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured"; and (C) by striking out in paragraph (3XD) the following: ": Pro- vided, That the foregoing maximum mortgage amounts may be increased by the amount of the mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured". (c) The amendments made by this section shall take effect only if Effective date. the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development determines that 12 u s e 1709 note. the program of advance payment of insurance premiums, with specific regard to the effect of the provisions authorized by the amendments made by such sections, is actuarially sound. CHANGE IN MAXIMUM LOAN-TO-VALUE RATIO FOR MODESTLY PRICED SINGLE FAMILY HOMES SEC. 424. (a) Section 203(bX2) of the National Housing Act is 12 u s e 1709. amended— (1) by striking out "(except as provided in the next to the last sentence of this paragraph)" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(except as otherwise provided in this paragraph)"; and (2) by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: "If the mortgage to be insured under this section covers property on which there is located a one- to four-family residence to be occupied as the principal residence of the owner, and the appraised value of the property, as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance, does not exceed $50,000, the principal obligation may be in an amount not to exceed 97 percent of such appraised value.". (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect only if Effective date. the Secretary finds and reports to the Congress t h a t such amend- Report to ment, taking into account the higher loan-to-value ratio resulting eongress. 12 u s e 1709 from the advance payment of mortgage insurance premiums, will note. not adversely affect the actuarial soundness of the Federal Housing Administration mortgage insurance program. 11-194 O - 85 — 40 QL 3
97 STAT. 1218 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 NONOCCUPANT SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGORS 12 u s e 1709. SEC. 425. Section 203(bX8) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out all t h a t follows "an amount equal to" through "subsection." and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "the lesser of (A) the otherwise applicable maximum dollar amount prescribed under paragraph (2), or (B) 85 percent of the appraised value of the property as of the date the mortgage is accepted for insurance:". PAYMENT OF CLAIMS WITHOUT ACQUISITION OF TITLE 12 u s e 1710. SEC. 426. (a) Section 204(a) of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) by striking out "Upon such conveyance and assignment" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the follow- ing: "The Secretary is also authorized, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, to make the benefit of the insurance as hereinafter provided available to the mort- gagee, notwithstanding any provision of this section requiring conveyance of title to the property to the Secretary, (1) upon sale of the insured property at foreclosure, where such sale is for at least the fair market value of the property (with appropri- ate adjustments), as determined by the Secretary, and (2) upon the assignment to the Secretary of all claims referred to in clause (2) of the preceding sentence. The payment of benefits under the preceding sentence may be made for any mortgage insured pursuant to a commitment to insure issued on or after the effective date of this sentence and, with the approval of the mortgagee, for any mortgage insured pursuant to a commit- ment issued before t h a t date. Upon the conveyance and assign- ment referred to in the first sentence of this section or the sale and assignment referred to in the second sentence of this subsection,"; and (2) by striking out "and any a m o u n t " and all that follows through the colon preceding the first proviso of the final sen- tence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "any amount received as rent or other income from the property, less reason- able expenses incurred in handling the property, after either of such dates, and, in the case of insurance benefits paid in accordance with the second sentence of this section, any amount received upon the foreclosure sale of the property:". (b) Section 204(j) of such Act is amended by inserting after "under section 203" the following: "(other than a mortgagee receiving insurance benefits under the second sentence of subsection (a))" STRUCTURAL DEFECTS IN VETERANS ADMINISTRATION-APPROVED, FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION-INSURED NEW HOMES 12 u s e 1735b. SEC. 427. Section 518(a) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out "approved for mortgage insurance prior to the beginning of construction which he finds" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "that, before the beginning of construction, was approved for mortgage insurance under this Act or for guaranty, insurance, or a direct loan under chapter 37 of title 38, 38 u s e 1801 et United States Code, and that the Secretary finds". seq.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1219 REINSURANCE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SEC. 428. (a) Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: " R E I N S U R A N C E CONTRACTS "SEC. 249. (a) The purpose of this section is to authorize a demon- 12 use stration mortgage reinsurance program designed to test the feasibil- 1715Z-14. ity of entering into reinsurance contracts with private mortgage insurers in order to reduce Government risk and administrative costs, and to speed mortgage processing. The Secretary shall limit the demonstration under this section to not more than two adminis- trative regions of the Department of Housing and Urban Develop- ment, and shall assure that the program is in the financial interest of the Government and will not result in loss of employment by any employees of the Department of Housing and Urban Development before September 30, 1985. The aggregate number of mortgages insured under this section in any administrative region of the Department of Housing and Urban Development in any fiscal year may not exceed 10 percent of the aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured by the Secretary under this title in such region during the preceding fiscal year. "(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act inconsistent with this section, the Secretary is authorized to provide mortgsige insurance with respect to one- to four-family dwellings under sec- tions 203(b), 234, and 245 through reinsurance contracts with private 12 u s e 1709, mortgage insurance companies which have been determined to be 1715y, 1715Z-10. qualified insurers under section 302(bX2XC). Such contracts shall 12 u s e 1717. require private mortgage insurance companies to— "(1) assume a percentage of loss on any mortgage insured pursuant to section 203(b), 234, or 245 covering a one- to four- family dwelling, which percentage of loss shall be set forth in the reinsurance contract; and "(2) carry out (under appropriate delegation) such credit ap- proval, appraisal, inspection, commitment, claims processing, property disposition, or other function as the Secretary pursu- ant to regulations, shall approve as consistent with the purposes of this section. "(c) Any contract of reinsurance under this section shall contain such provisions relating to the sharing of premiums on a sound actuarial basis, establishment of insurance reserves, manner of calculating claims on such insurance, conditions with respect to foreclosure, handling and disposition of property prior to claim or settlement, right of assignees, and other similar matters as the Secretary may prescribe pursuant to regulations. Pursuant to a contract under this section, a private mortgage insurance company shall endorse loans for insurance and take such other actions on behalf of the Secretary and in the Secretary's name as the Secretary may authorize. "(d) The Secretary shall require any private mortgage insurance company participating in the program under this section to provide reinsurance for those mortgages offered by the Secretary for inclu- sion in the program.". (b) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall evalu- Report to ate the reinsurance program under section 249 of the National eongress. Housing Act and, not later than March 1, 1985, submit to the 12 u s e 1715Z-14 note. Supra.
97 STAT. 1220 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Congress a report setting forth the results of such evaluation. Such report shall include an evaluation of the possible effect of a reinsur- ance program on the characteristics of the pool of mortgages remaining wholly under the applicable insurance funds and the actuarial soundness of such funds under such conditions. Subpart 3—Multifamily and Other Mortgage Insurance Programs DISCRETIONARY AUTHORITY TO REGULATE RENTS OR CHARGES 12 use 1713. SEC. 431. (a) Section 207(bX2) of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) by striking out "any other mortgagor approved by the Secretary" and all that follows through "reasonable return on f the investment." and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "any other mortgagor approved by the Secretary. The Secretary may, in the Secretary's discretion, require any such mortgagor to be regulated or restricted as to rents or sales, charges, capital structure, rate of return, and methods of operation so as to provide reasonable rentals to tenants and a reasonable return on the investment. Any such regulations or restrictions shall continue for such period or periods as the Secretary, in the Secretary's discretion, may require, including until the termina- tion of all obligations of the Secretary under the insurance and during such further period of time as the Secretary shall be the owner, holder, or reinsurer of the mortgage."; (2) by striking out "render effective the regulations or restric- tions" and inserting in lieu thereof "render effective any such regulations or restrictions"; and (3) by striking out "and directed" in the second sentence of the first undesignated paragraph. 12 use I715y. (b) Section 234(dX2) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "shall be regulated or restricted by the Secretary" and inserting in lieu thereof "may, in the Secre- tary's discretion, be regulated or restricted"; and (2) by striking out "the regulation and restriction" and insert- ing in lieu thereof "any such regulation or restriction". 12 use 1713 (c) The amendments made in this section shall not apply with ^°^- respect to mortgages insured by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development before the date of the enactment of this Act. REMOVAL OF REFINANCING UMITATIONS ON CERTAIN MULTIFAMILY PROJECTS 12 use 1715k. SEC 432. (a) Section 220(dX3XBXii) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out "Provided further," the first time it ap- pears and all that follows through "property or project:". 12 use 1715/. (b) Section 221(dX3Xiii) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "Provided, That" and all that follows through "property or project:"; and (2) by striking out "further" the first time it appears, icj Section 221(dX4Xiv) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "Provided, That" and all that follows through "property or project:"; and (2) by striking out "further" the first time it appears.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1221 UMITATION ON PREPAYMENT OF MORTGAGES ON MULTIFAMILY RENTAL HOUSING SEC. 433. Title II of the National Housing Act is amended bv adding at the end thereof the following: "UMITATION ON PREPAYMENT OF MORTGAGES ON MULTIFAMILY RENTAL HOUSING "SEC. 250. (a) During any period in which an owner of a multi- 12 use family rental housing project is required to obtain the approval of 1715Z-15. the Secretary for prepayment of the mortgage, the Secretary shall not accept an offer to prepay the mortgage on such project unless— "(1) the Secretary has determined that such project is no longer meeting a need for rental housing for lower income families in the area or that the needs of lower income families in such project can more efficiently and effectively be met through other Federal housing assistance taking into accotmt the remaining time the project could meet such needs; "(2) the Secretary (A) has determined that the tenants have been notified of the owner's request for approval of a prepay- ment; (B) has provided the tenants with an opportunity to comment on the owner's request; and (C) has taken such com- ments into consideration; and "(3) the Secretary has ensured that there is a plan for provid- ing relocation assistance for adequate, comparable housing for any lower income tenant who will be displaced as a result of the prepayment and withdrawal of the project from the program. "(b) In the case of a project assisted under section 236 or the 12 u s e 1715Z-1. proviso to section 221(dX5) of this title, section 101 of the Housing 12 u s e 1715/. and Urban Development Act of 1965, or section 202 of the Housing 12 u s e 1701s, 42 Act of 1959 where the owner has the right to prepay the mortgage u s e 1451. 12 u s e 1701q. covering the assisted project without the Secretary's approval, the Secretary shall give a priority for additional assistance under sec- tion 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 and section 201 of 42 u s e 1437f. the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 to 12 u s e 1715Z-1 tenants and applicants to become tenants of the project, if— and note, 1715z-la. "(1) funds to provide such additional assistemce are available; and "(2) the Secretary determines that making such additional assistance available to the project is necessary to prevent the owner from prepaying the mortgage. "(c) Any owner of a multifamily rental housing project referred to in subsection (b) who receives additional assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 under the priority estab- 42 u s e 1437f. lished in subsection (b) shall— "(1) fully utilize the assistance which is available; "(2) grant a priority to applicants to become tenants who have the lowest incomes; and "(3) maintain the low-income character of the project for a period at least equal to the remaining term of the project mortgage to the extent that assistance is provided. "(d) For purposes of this section, the term 'lower income families' has the meaning given such term in section 3(bX2) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.". 42 u s e 1437a.
97 STAT. 1222 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ASSUMPTION OF LOSS UNDER MULTIFAMILY CO-INSURANCE 12 u s e 1715Z-9. SEC. 434. Section 244(g) of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out "the mortgagee is a pubhc housing agency or an insured depository institution and"; and (2) by striking out paragraph (5) and inserting in lieu thereof the following new paragraph: "(5) As used in this subsection, the term 'public housing agency' has the meaning given such term in section 3(bX6) of the United 42 u s e 1437a. States Housing Act of 1937.". MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR MANUFACTURED HOME PARKS FOR THE ELDERLY SEC. 435. The first sentence of the second undesignated paragraph 12 use 1713. of section 207(b) of the National Housing Act is amended by striking out "no mortgage shall be insured hereunder" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "the Secretary may not insure any mortgage under this section (except a mortgage with respect to a manufac- tured home park designed exclusively for occupancy by elderly persons)". MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR PUBUC HOSPITALS 12 use 1715Z-7. SEC. 436. Section 242 of the National Housing Act is amended— (1) by inserting "public facility," in subsection (bXlXC) after "which is a"; and (2) by inserting the following before the period at the end of subsection (f): ", and, in the case of public hospitals, to encour- age programs that are undertaken to provide essential health care services to all residents of a community regardless of ability to pay". MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR BOARD AND CARE HOMES 12 use 1715W. SEC. 437. (a) Section 232(aX2) of the National Housing Act is amended by inserting "and board and care homes" after "intermedi- ate care facilities", (b) Section 232(b) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting in lieu thereof'; and"; and (2) by adding the following new paragraph at the end thereof: "(4) the term 'board and care home' means any residential facility providing room, board, and continuous protective over- sight that is regulated by a State pursuant to the provisions of 42 use I382e. section 1616(e) of the Social Security Act, so long as the home is located in a State that, at the time of an application is made for insurance under this section, has demonstrated to the Secretary that it is in compliance with the provisions of such section 1616(e).". (cXD Section 232(d) of such Act is amended by inserting "or a board and care home" after "intermediate care facility" the second place it appears. (2) Section 232(dX4) of such Act is amended— (A) by striking out "The" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(A) With respect to nursing homes and intermediate care facilities and combined nursing home and intermediate care facilities, the";
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1223 (B) by striking out "(A)" and "(B)" in the first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "(i)" and "(ii)", respectively; and (C) by adding the following new subparagraph at the end thereof: "(B) With respect to board and care homes, the Secretary shall not insure any mortgage under this section unless he has received from the appropriate State licensing agency a state- ment verifying that the State in which the home is or is to be located is in compliance with the provisions of section 1616(e) of the Social Security Act.". 42 u s e 1382e. (d) Section 232(g) of such Act is amended by striking out "Health, 12 u s e 1715w. Education, and Welfare" and inserting in lieu thereof "Health and Human Services". (e) Section 232(h) of such Act is amended by striking out "Health, Education, and Welfare" and inserting in lieu thereof "Health and Human Services". (fKD Section 232(iXl) of such Act is amended— (A) by inserting "or to board and care homes" after "interme- diate care facilities"; (B) by inserting the following after "Association": "(or any subsequent edition specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services)"; (C) by striking out "Health, Education, and Welfare" and inserting in lieu thereof "Health and Human Services"; and (D) by inserting the following before the period at the end thereof: "or as mandated by a State under the provisions of section 1616(e) of such Act". 42 u s e 1382e. (2) Section 232(iX2) of such Act is amended— (A) by striking out "and" at the end of subparagraph (D); (B) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting in lieu thereof "; and"; and (C) by adding the following new subparagraph at the end thereof: "(F) in the case of board and care homes, be made with respect to such a home located in a State with respect to which the Secretary has received from the appropriate State licensing agency a statement verifying that the State in which the home is or is to be located is in compliance with the provisions of section 1616(e) of the Social Security Act.". (g) The section heading of section 232 of the National Housing Act is amended to read as follows: "Mortgage Insurance for Nursing Homes, Intermediate Care Facilities, and Board and Care Homes'. Subpart 4—Insurance of Alternative Mortgage Instruments INDEXED MORTGAGES SEC. 441. (a) Section 245(a) of the National Housing Act is 12 use amended— 1715Z-10. (1) in the first sentence, by inserting after "income" the following: "or with monthly payments and outstanding balances adjusted by a percentage change in a selected price index"; and (2) in the second sentence, by striking out "subsection (b)" and inserting in lieu thereof "subsections (b) and (c)". (b) Section 245 of such Act is amended by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d) and by inserting the following new subsection after subsection (b):
97 STAT. 1224 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(c) Notwithstanding t h e provisions of subsection (a), t h e Secre- tary may insure under any provision of this title a mortgage or loan t h a t meets t h e requirements of t h e first sentence of subsection (a) and that has provisions permitting adjustment of monthly payments and outstanding principal according to changes or percentages of changes in a selected price index if t h e Secretary determines— "(1) t h e principal obligation of the mortgage or loan initially does not exceed t h e percentage of the initial appraised value of 12 u s e 1709. the property specified in section 203(b) as of t h e date t h e mortgage or loan is accepted for insurance; and "(2) t h e monthly pa)Tnents and principal obligation of t h e mortgage or loan thereafter will not a t any time be increased a t a rate greater than t h e percentage change in t h e price index stipulated in the initial mortgage or loan contract. In carrying out this subsection, t h e Secretary shall give a priority to mortgages executed by mortgagors who, as determined by t h e Secre- tary, have not owned dwelling units within t h e preceding 3 years. Regulations. The Secretary shall, not later t h a n March 31, 1984, prescribe regula- tions establishing guidelines governing mortgages and loans described in this subsection and shall, to t h e extent practicable, conduct a demonstration program to insure mortgages and loans in accordance with this subsection during fiscal years 1984 and 1985. The aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured under this Post, p. 1225. subsection, section 251, and section 252 in a n y fiscal year may not exceed 10 percent of t h e aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured by t h e Secretary under this title during t h e preceding fiscal year.". 12 u s e (c) The section heading of section 245 of such Act is amended to 1715Z-10. read as follows: "GRADUATED PAYMENT AND INDEXED MORTGAGES". GRADUATED PAYMENT MORTGAGES FOR MULTIFAMILY HOUSING SEC. 442. Section 245 of the National Housing Act, as amended in section 441, is amended by— (1) redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and (2) inserting after subsection (c) t h e following new subsection: "(dXl) The Secretary may insure, under a n y provision of this title relating to multifamily housing projects, mortgages and loans with provisions of varying rates of amortization corresponding to antici- pated variations in project income, to t h e extent t h e Secretary determines such mortgages or loans (A) have promise for expanding housing opportunities or meet special needs; (B) can be developed to include a n y safeguards for mortgagors, tenants, or purchasers that may be necessary to offset special risks of such mortgages; and (C) have a potential for acceptance in t h e private market. "(2) Notwithstanding a n y other provision of this title, t h e princi- pal obligation of a mortgage or loan insured pursuant to this subsection— "(A) may not exceed initially t h e percentage of t h e initial appraised value or replacement cost of t h e property involved t h a t is required by t h e provision of this title under which such property is insured; and "(B) thereafter (including all interest to be deferred and added to principal) may not a t any time be scheduled to exceed 100 percent of the projected value of such property. "(3) For purposes of this subsection, t h e projected value of a property shall be calculated by t h e Secretary by increasing t h e
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1225 initial appraised value of such property at a rate not in excess of 2.5 percent per annum.". ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGES FOR SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING SEC. 443. Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: ADJUSTABLE RATE SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGES "SEC. 251. (a) The Secretary may insure under any provision of 12 use this title a mortgage involving property upon which there is located 1715Z-16. a dwelling designed principally for occupancy by one to four fami- lies, where the mortgage provides for periodic adjustments by the mortgagee in the effective rate of interest charged. Such interest rate adjustments may be accomplished through adjustments in the monthly pajnnent amount, the outstanding principal balance, or the mortgage term, or a combination of these factors, except that in no case may any extension of a mortgage term result in a total term in excess of 40 years. Adjustments in the effective rate of interest shall Information correspond to a specified national interest rate index approved in accessibility. regulations by the Secretary, information on which is readily acces- sible to mortgagors from generally available published sources. Adjustments in the effective rate of interest shall (1) be made on an annual basis; (2) be limited, with respect to any single interest rate increase, to no more than 1 percent on the outstanding loan balance; and (3) be limited to a maximum increase of 5 percentage points above the initial contract interest rate over the term of the mortgage. "(b) The Secretary shall issue regulations requiring that the Regulations. mortgagee make available to the mortgagor, at the time of loan application, a written explanation of the features of the adjustable rate mortgage, including a hypothetical pajonent schedule that displays the maximum potential increases in monthly payments to the mortgagor over the first 5 years of the mortgage term. "(c) The aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured under this section, section 245(c), and section 252 in any fiscal year may Ante, p. 1223. not exceed 10 percent of the aggregate number of mortgages and Infra. loans insured by the Secretary under this title during the preceding fiscal year.". SHARED APPRECIATION MORTGAGES FOR SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING SEC. 444. Title II of the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: SHARED APPRECIATION MORTGAGES FOR SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING "SEC. 252. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this title that is 12 use inconsistent with this section, the Secretary may insure, under any 1715Z-17. provision of this title providing for insurance of mortgages on properties upon which there is located a dwelling designed princi- pally for occupancy by one to four families, a mortgage secured by a first lien on such a property or on the stock allocated to a dwelling unit in a residential cooperative housing corporation, which— "(1) provides for the mortgagee to share in a predetermined percentage of the property's or stock's net appreciated value;
97 STAT. 1226 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(2) bears interest at a rate which meets criteria prescribed by the Secretary; "(3) provides for amortization over a period of not to exceed 30 years, but the actual term of the mortgage (excluding any refinancing) may be not less than 10 nor more than 30 years, and contains such provisions relating to refinancing of the principal balance of the mortgage and any contingent deferred interest as the Secretary may provide; and "(4) meets such other conditions as the Secretary may require by regulation. "(b) The mortgagee's share of a property's or stock's net appre- ciated value shall be payable upon sale or transfer (as defined by the Secretary) of the property or stock or payment in full of the mort- "Net gage, whichever occurs first. For purposes of this section, the term appreciated net appreciated value' means the amount hy which the sales price value." of the property or stock (less the mortgagor s selling costs) exceeds the value of the property or stock at the time the commitment to insure is issued (with adjustments for capital improvements stipu- lated in the loan contract). If there has been no sale or transfer at the time the mortgagee's share of net appreciated value becomes payable, the sales price for purposes of this section shall be deter- mined by means of an appraisal conducted in accordance with procedures approved by the Secretary and provided for in the mortgage. "(c) In the event of a default, the mortgagee shall be entitled to Ante, p. 1218. receive the benefits of insurance in accordance with section 204(a), but such insurance benefits shall not include the mortgagee's share of net appreciated value. The term 'original principal obligation of the mortgage' as used in section 204 shall not include the mortga- gee's share of net appreciated value. "(d) Mortgages insured pursuant to this section which contain provisions for sharing appreciation or which otherwise require or permit increases in the outstanding loan balance which are author- ized under this section or under applicable regulations shall not be subject to any State constitution, statute, court decree, common law, rule, or public policy limiting or prohibiting increases in the out- standing loan balance after execution of the mortgage. "(e) In carrying out the provisions of this section, the Secretary shall encourage the use of insurance under this section by low and moderate income tenants who would otherwise be displaced by the conversion of their rental housing to condominium or cooperative ownership. Consumer "(f) The Secretary shall prescribe adequate consumer protections protections and and disclosure requirements with respect to mortgages insured disclosure under this section, and may prescribe such other terms and condi- requirements. tions as may be appropriate to carry out the provisions of this section. "(g) The aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured under Ante, pp. 1223, this section, section 245(c), and section 251 in any fiscal year may 1225. not exceed 10 percent of the aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured by the Secretary under this title during the preceding fiscal year.". SHARED APPRECIATION MORTGAGES FOR MULTIFAMILY HOUSING SEC. 445. Title II ot the National Housing Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1227 SHARED APPRECIATION MORTGAGES FOR MULTIFAMILY HOUSING "SEC. 253. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this title that is 12 use inconsistent with this section, the Secretary may insure, under any 1715Z-18. provision of this title providing for insurance of mortgages on properties including 5 or more family units, a mortgage secured by a first lien on the property that (1) provides for the mortgagee to share in a predetermined percentage of the property's net appreciated value; and (2) meets such other conditions, including limitations on the rate of interest which may be charged, as the Secretary may require by regulation. "(b) The mortgagee's share of a property's net appreciated value shall be payable upon maturity or upon payment in full of the loan or sale or transfer (as defined by the Secretary) of the property, whichever occurs first. The term of the mortgage shall not be less than 15 years, and shall be repayable in equal monthly installments of principal and fixed interest during the mortgage term in an amount which would be sufficient to retire a debt with the same principal and fixed interest rate over a period not exceeding 30 years. In the case of a mortgage which will not be completely amortized during the mortgage term, the principal obligation of the mortgage may not exceed 85 percent of the estimated value of the property or project. For purposes of this section, the term 'net "Net appreciated value' means the amount by which the sales price of the appreciated property (less the mortgagor's selling costs) exceeds the value (or value." replacement cost, as appropriate) of the property at the time the commitment to insure is issued (with adjustments for capital im- provements stipulated in the loan contract). If there has been no sale or transfer at the time the mortgagee's share of net appreciated value becomes payable, the sales price for purposes of this section shall be determined by means of an appraisal conducted in accord- ance with procedures approved by the Secretary and provided for in the mortgage. "(c) In the event of a default, the mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefits of insurance in accordance with section 204, but 12 u s e 1710. such insurance benefits shall not include the mortgagee's share of net appreciated value. The term 'original principal obligation of the mortgage' as used in section 204(a) shall not include the mortgagee's share of net appreciated value. "(d) The Secretary shall establish by regulation the maximum Regulations. percentage of net appreciated value which may be payable to a mortgagee as the mortgagee's share. The Secretary shall also estab- Disclosure lish disclosure requirements applicable to mortgagees making mort- requirements. gage loans pursuant to this section, to assure that mortgagors are informed of the characteristics of such mortgages. "(e) Mortgages insured pursuant to this section which contain provisions for sharing appreciation or which otherwise require or permit increases in the outstanding loan balance which are author- ized under this section or under applicable regulations shall not be subject to any State constitution, statute, court decree, common law, rule, or public policy limiting or prohibiting increases in the out- standing loan balance after execution of the mortgage. "(f) The number of dwelling units included in properties covered Dwelling units, by mortgages insured pursuant to this section in any fiscal year may limitation. not exceed 5,000.".
97 STAT. 1228 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 INSURANCE OF MORTGAGES NOT PROVIDING FOR COMPLETE AMORTIZATION SEC. 446. (a) The first sentence of the first undesignated paragraph 12 u s e 1713. of section 207(cX3) of the National Housing Act is amended by inserting immediately after "periodic payments" the following: "(unless otherwise approved by the Secretary)". 12 u s e 1715k. (c) Section 220(dX4) of such Act is amended by inserting after "periodic payments" the following: "(unless otherwise approved by the Secretary)". 12 u s e 1715Z. (d) Section 221(dX6) of such Act is amended by inserting after "periodic payments" the following: "(unless otherwise approved by the Secretary)". 12 u s e 1715v. (e) Section 231(cX5) of such Act is amended by inserting after "periodic pajonents" the following: "(unless otherwise approved by the Secretary)". 12 u s e 1713 (f) The aggregate number of dwelling units included in properties note. covered by mortgages insured pursuant to the authority granted in the amendments made by this section in any fiscal year may not exceed 10,000. PREMIUM CHARGES FOR INSURANCE OF ALTERNATIVE MORTGAGE INSTRUMENTS SEC. 447. The first proviso in section 203(c) of the National Hous- 12 use 1709. ing Act is amended by inserting after "fixed for insurance" the Ante, pp. 1223, following: "(1) under section 245, 247, 251, 252, or 253, or any other 1213, 1225, 1227. financing mechanism providing alternative methods for repajmient of a mortgage that is determined by the Secretary to involve addi- tional risk, or (2)". REPORT ON HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGES FOR THE ELDERLY Report to SEC. 448. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall eongress. evaluate the existing use of home equity conversion mortgages for 12 u s e 1709 the elderly and, not later than the expiration of the 1-year period note. following the date of the enactment of this Act, submit to the Congress a report setting forth the results of such evaluation. Such report shall include— (1) an evaluation of whether the use of such mortgages improves the financial situation, or otherwise meets the special needs, of elderly homeowners; (2) an evaluation of any risks incurred by mortgagors as a result of the use of such mortgages, and any recommendations of the Secretary for appropriate safeguards to be included in such mortgages to minimize such risks; (3) an evsduation of the potential for acceptance of such mortgages in the private market; and (4) any recommendations of the Secretary for the establish- ment of a Federal program of insuring such mortgages.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1229 PART B—FLOOD AND PROPERTY INSURANCE PROGRAMS FLOOD INSURANCE SEC. 451. (a) Section 1319 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 is amended by striking out "November 30, 1983" and inserting Ante, p. 746. in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". (b) Section 1336(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "Novem- Ante, p. 746. ber 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30, 1985". (c) Section 1376(c) of such Act is amended— 42 u s e 4127. (1) by striking out "and" after "1981,"; and (2) by inserting the following before the period at the end thereof ", not to exceed $49,752,000 for the fiscal year 1984, and such sums as may be necessary for Hscal year 1985". (dXD The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 is amended by 42 u s e 4001 striking out "Secretary" and "Secretary's" each place they appear note. therein (other than as a reference to a Secretary other than the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) and inserting in lieu thereof "Director" and "Director's", respectively. (2) Section 1304(a) of such Act is amended by striking out "Secre- 42 u s e 4011. tary of Housing and Urban Development" and inserting in lieu thereof "Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency". (3) Section 1333 of such Act is amended by inserting "original 42 u s e 4053. exclusive" before "jurisdiction". (4) Section 1340(aX2) of such Act is amended by striking out 42 u s e 4071. "officers and employees of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, and". (5) Section 1341 of such Act is amended by inserting "original 42 u s e 4072. exclusive" before "jurisdiction". (6) Section 1360(aX2) of such Act is amended by striking out 42 u s e 4101. "within fifteen years following such date" and inserting in lieu thereof "by September 30,1985". (7) Section 1360 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(d) The Director shall, not later than September 30, 1984, submit Plan, submittal to the Congress a plan for bringing all communities containing to eongress. flood-risk zones into full program status by September 30, 1987.". (8) Section 137(KaX6) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 4121. "(6) the term 'Director' means the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.". (eXD The Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 is amended by 42 u s e 4003, striking out "Secretary" and "Secretary's" each place they appear 4012a, therein (other than as a reference to a Secretary other than the 4105-4107, 4128. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) and inserting in lieu thereof "Director" and "Director's", respectively. (2) Section 3(aX6) of such Act is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 4003. "(6) 'Director' means the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.", (f) Section 15(e) of the Federal Flood Insurance Act of 1956 is 42 u s e 2414. amended by striking out "Secretary" the first and third places it appears therein and inserting in lieu thereof "Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency". (gXD The premium rates charged for flood insurance under any 42 u s e 4015 program established pursuant to the National Flood Insurance Act note. of 1968 may not be increased during the period beginning on the 42 u s e 4001 date of the enactment of this Act and ending on September 30,1984. note.
97 STAT. 1230 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Report to (2) The Federal Insurance Administrator shall, not later t h a n Congress. J u n e 30, 1984, submit to the Congress a report with respect to the premium r a t e structure for flood insurance made available pursuant 42 u s e 4001 to the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968. Such report shall note. include an explanation of any increases in such premiums t h a t t h e Administrator anticipates will be made before October 1, 1985. CRIME AND RIOT INSURANCE Ante, p. 746. SEC. 452. (aXD Section 1201(bXl) of t h e National Housing Act is amended by striking out "this title shall terminate on November 30, 1983," and inserting in lieu thereof t h e following: "part B shall terminate on November 30, 1983, and parts A, C, and D shall terminate on September 30,1984,". (2) Section 1201(b) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(3) The Administrator shall notify participating insurers under part B t h a t the reinsurance authority of t h e Administrator under such part shall terminate on November 30,1983.". 12 u s e 1749bbb (bXD Title XII of such Act is amended by striking out "Secretary" et seq. and "Secretary's" each place they appear therein (other t h a n as a reference to a Secretary other t h a n t h e Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) and inserting in lieu thereof "Director and "Director's", respectively. 12 u s e (2) Section 1203(a) of such Act is amended— 1749bbb-2. (A) by striking out " a n d " at t h e end of paragraph (15); (B) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (16) and inserting "; and ' in lieu thereof; and (C) by adding at the end thereof t h e following new paragraph: "(17) 'Director' means t h e Director of t h e Federal Emergency Management Agency.". 12 u s e (3) Section 1232(2) of such Act is amended by striking out "officers 1749bbb-10b. and employees of the Department of Housing and Urban Develop- ment, a n d ' . 12 u s e (4) Section 1247 of such Act is amended by inserting "of the 1749bbb-17. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development" after "regulations)". STUDY OF SINKHOLE INSURANCE 42 u s e 4122 SEC. 453. The Director of the Federal Emergency Management note. Agency may make a grant to a nonprofit organization, educational institution or affiliated agency or entity, or State or local agency to finance a study of t h e feasibility of expanding t h e national flood insurance program to cover damage or loss arising from sinkholes. There is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,000,000 to carry out the provisions of this section. P A R T C—REGULATORY AND OTHER PROGRAMS REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES 12 u s e 2602. SEC. 461. (a) Section 3 of t h e Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 is amended— (1) by striking out " a n d " at the end of paragraph (5); (2) by striking out the period at t h e end of paragraph (6) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon; and (3) by adding t h e following new paragraphs at t h e end thereof:
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1231 "(7) the term 'controlled business arrangement' means an "Controlled arrangement in which (A) a person who is in a position to refer business business incident to or a part of a real estate settlement service arrangement; involving a federally related mortgage loan, or an associate of such person, has either an affiliate relationship with or a direct or beneficial ownership interest of more than 1 percent in a provider of settlement services; and (B) either of such persons directly or indirectly refers such business to that provider or affirmatively influences the selection of that provider; and "(8) the term 'associate' means one who has one or more of "Associate." the following relationships with a person in a position to refer settlement business: (A) a spouse, parent, or child of such person; (B) a corporation or business entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with such person; (C) an employer, officer, director, partner, franchisor, or franchisee of such person; or (D) anyone who has an agreement, arrange- ment, or understanding, with such person, the purpose or sub- stantial effect of which is to enable the person in a position to refer settlement business to benefit financially from the refer- rals of such business.". (b) Section 8(c) of such Act is amended— 12 u s e 2607. (1) by striking out "or" before "(3)"; (2) by redesignating clause (4) as clause (5); (3) by inserting the following after "brokers," at the end of clause (3): "(4) controlled business arrangements so long as (A) at or prior to the time of the referral a disclosure is made of the existence of such an arrangement to the person being referred and, in connection with the referral, such person is provided a written estimate of the charge or range of charges generally made by the provider to which the person is referred, except that where a lender makes the referral, this requirement may be satistied as part of and at the time that the estimates of settlement charges required under section 5(c) are provided, (B) 12 u s e 2604. such person is not required to use any particular provider of settlement services, and (C) the only thing of value that is received from the arrangement, other than the payments per- mitted under this subsection, is a return on the ownership interest or franchise relationship,"; and (4) by inserting the following new sentence at the end thereof: "For purposes of the preceding sentence, the following shall not be considered a violation of clause 4(B): (i) any arremgement that requires a buyer, borrower, or seller to pay for the services of an attorney, credit reporting agency, or real estate appraiser chosen by the lender to represent the lender's interest in a real estate transaction, or (ii) any arrangement where an attorney or law firm represents a client in a real estate transaction and issues or arranges for the issuance of a policy of title insurance in the transaction directly as agent or through a separate corporate title insurance agency that may be established by that attorney or law firm and operated as an adjunct to his or its law practice.". (c) Section 8(d) of such Act is amended by striking out paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: •'(2) Any person or persons who violate the prohibitions or limita- Violations. tions of this section shall be jointly and severally liable to the person or persons charged for the settlement service involved in the viola-
97 STAT. 1232 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 tion in an amount equal to three times the amount of any charge paid for such settlement service. "(3) No person or persons shall be liable for a violation of the Ante, p. 1231. provisions of section 8(cX4XA) if such person or persons proves by a preponderance of the evidence that such violation was not intentional and resulted from a bona fide error notwithstanding maintenance of procedures that are reasonably adapted to avoid such error. "(4) The Secretary, the Attorney General of any State, or the insurance commissioner of any State may bring an action to enjoin violations of this section. Court costs and "(5) In any private action brought pursuant to this subsection, the attorney fees. court may award to the prevailing party the court costs of the action together with reasonable attorneys fees. "(6) No provision of State law or regulation that imposes more stringent limitations on controlled business arrangements shall be construed as being inconsistent with this section.". 12 u s e 2614. (d) Section 16 of such Act is amended to read as follows: JURISDICTION OP COURTS 12 u s e 2607, "SEC. 16. Any action pursuant to the provisions of section 8 or 9 2608. may be brought in the United States district court or in any other court of competent jurisdiction, for the district in which the property involved is located, or where the violation is alleged to have occurred, within one year from the date of the occurrence of the violation, except that actions brought by the Secretary, the Attorney General of any State, or the insurance commissioner of any State may be brought within 3 years from the date of the occurrence of the violation.". 12 u s e 2617. (e) Section 19 of such Act is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof: Investigations. "(cXD The Secretary may investigate any facts, conditions, prac- tices, or matters that may be deemed necessary or proper to aid in the enforcement of the provisions of this Act, in prescribing of rules and regulations thereunder, or in securing information to serve as a basis for recommending further legislation concerning real estate settlement practices. To aid in the investigations, the Secretary is authorized to hold such hearings, administer such oaths, and require by subpena the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and production of such documents as the Secretary deems advisable. "(2) Any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which an inquiry is carried on may, in the case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena of the Secretary issued under this section, issue an order requiring compliance therewith; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof.". Effective date. (f) The amendments made by this section shall become effective on 12 u s e 2602 January 1,1984. note. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF BUILDING SCIENCES Appropriation SEC. 462. Section 809(h) of the Housing and Community Develop- authorization. ment Act of 1974 is amended by adding at the end thereof the 12 u s e 1701J-2. following new sentences: "In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated under the first sentence of this section, there is authorized to be appropriated to the Institute to carry out the
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1233 provisions of this section not to exceed $250,000 for fiscal year 1984. Any amount appropriated under the preceeding sentence shall be made available for expenditure or obligation by the Institute only to the extent of an equal amount received by the Institute after the effective date of this sentence from persons or entities other than the Federal Government.". SOLAR ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION BANK SEC. 463. (aXD Section 504(6) of the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank Act is amended— 12 USC 3602. (A) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new subparagraphs: "(H) air-conditioning systems having better than average energy efficiency ratings; "(I) any residential energy audit;"; (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as subpara- graphs (J) and (K), respectively; and (C) in subpareigraph (K), as so redesignated in this para- graph— (i) by striking out "any residential energy audit,"; and (ii) by striking out "(H)" and inserting in lieu thereof "(J)". (2) Section 504(7) of the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank Act is amended— (A) by inserting after subparagraph (I) the following new suljparagraphs: "(J) air-conditioning systems having better than average energy efficiency ratings; "(K) any commercial energy audit;"; (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (J) and (K) as subpara- graphs (L) and (M), respectively; and (C) in subparagraph (M), as so redesignated in this para- graph— (i) by striking out ", and any commercial energy audit,"; and (ii) by striking out "(J)" and inserting in lieu thereof "(L)". (b) Section 508(f) of such Act is amended by adding at the end 12 USC 3606. thereof the following new sentence: "Each such advisory committee shall meet at the call of its chairperson or a majority of its members, and shall meet not less than twice during each year.". (cXD Section 511(a) of such Act is amended— 12 USC 3609. (A) by striking out "and" at the end of paragraph (3); (B) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (4) and inserting in lieu thereof "; and"; and (C) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(5) in the case of a residential building with 2 to 4 dwelling units and an owner or tenant whose income exceeds 150 percent of the median area income, or in the case of a residential building that is available for rent and is owned by a person whose income exceeds 150 percent of the median area income— "(A) an amount equal to 20 percent of the cost of the residential energy conservation improvements; or "(B) the sum of $400 times the number of dwelling units in such building in the case of an owner, or $400 in the case of a tenant, whichever is less.".
97 STAT. 1234 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 12 u s e 3609. (2) Section 511 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(d) The Board may not limit the amount of financial assistance that may be provided under this subtitle for the purchase or instal- lation of residential or commercial energy conserving improvements on the basis of the proiected amount of energy conserved as a result of such improvements.'. Installation (cXD Section 514(aX2) of such Act is amended to read as follows: warranties. "(2XA) the contractor who installs residential or commercial 12 u s e 3612. energy conserving improvements in a building shall, in connec- tion with such improvements, warrant in writing that the owner or tenant receiving the proceeds of such loan shall (for those improvements found within 1 year of installation to be defective due to materials manufacture, design, or installation) at a minimum be entitled to obtain within a reasonable period of time and at no charge appropriate replacement parts, materials, or installation; and "(B) in the case of energy conserving improvements installed by an owner or tenant without the assistance of a contractor, such owner or tenant shall certify to the financial institution that he or she has obtained warranties as appropriate from the supplier for the energy conserving measures;'. (2) Section 514(bX4) of such Act is amended by inserting before the semicolon at the end thereof the following: "unless such residential energy conserving improvements are installed in a building which is either located in an area which is" not served by a public utility 42 u s e 8811. described in section 211(a) of such Act or which is located in an area served by such a public utility but in which no list has been made 42 u s e 8815. public by the public utility under section 215(aX3) of such Act or by the Secretary of Energy". (3) Section 514(bX5) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(5XA) the contractor who installs residential or commercial energy conserving improvements in a building shall, in connec- tion with such improvements, warrant in writing that the owner or tenant receiving the proceeds of such loan shall (for those improvements found within 1 year of installation to be defective due to materials manufacture, design, or installation) at a minimum be entitled to obtain within a reasonable period of time and at no charge appropriate replacement parts, materials, or installation; and "(B) in the case of energy conserving improvements installed by an owner or tenant without the assistance of a contractor, such owner or tenant shall certify to the financial institution that he or she has obtained warranties as appropriate from the supplier for the energy conserving measures;'. 12 u s e 3618. (e) Section 520 of such Act is amended— (1) by inserting "(a)" after the section designation; and Regulations. (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(b) Not later than 90 days after the effective date of this subsec- tion, the Board shall issue regulations that— "(1) permit the provision of financial assistance under this subtitle for the purchase and installation of solar e n e r ^ sys- tems of the active type, and the purchase and installation of passive and active type solar space heating and water heating in new and existing residential buildings and multifamily residen- tial buildings;
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1235 "(2) do not prohibit the use of tax-exempt financing in connec- tion with any purchase or installation of residential or commer- cial energy conserving improvements or solar energy systems assisted under this subtitle; "(3) provide that a residential energy audit shall not be Residential required as a condition of the receipt of financial assistance by energy audit. an owner or tenant of a residential building under this subtitle, except that such regulations may require such audit with respect to any such building located in an area in which an audit is available under the provisions of title II or VII of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act; 42 u s e 8211, "(4XA) establish a maximum limitation on the percentage or 8281. amount of any financial assistance provided under this subtitle that may be used for administrative expenses, which limitation shall be 12 percent (or such higher percentage as the Secretary may determine to be appropriate), or $20,000, whichever amount is greater; and "(B) provide that not more than one-half of any such amount may be used by any State for its administrative expenses, except that if any State is the sole administrative entity in such State with respect to financial assistance under this subtitle such State may use all of such amount for such expenses; "(5) establish criteria for the allocation of financial assistance under this subtitle among eligible financial institutions; and "(6) provide that any amount of unexpended financial assist- ance under this subtitle that is recaptured by the Board shall be reallocated by the Board to eligible financisd institutions under this subtitle.". (fXD Section 1071 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 is amended— 12 u s e 3620 (A) by striking out "such fiscal year" and inserting in lieu note. thereof "of fiscal years 1982 and 1983"; and (B) by inserting after "$50,000,000" the following: ", and for fiscal year 1984 not to exceed $35,000,000,". (2) Section 522 of the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank Act is amended— 12 u s e 3620. (A) by striking out the hyphen before paragraph (1) in subsec- tion (a) and all that follows through the period at the end of subsection (b) and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "and of solar energy systems such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985."; and (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b). WEATHERIZATION PROGRAM SEC. 464. Section 422 of the Energy Conservation in Existing Buildings Act of 1976 is amended to read as follows: 42 u s e 6872. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS "SEC. 422. Of the funds authorized by section 1005(1) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 for energy conservation 42 u s e 7270 for fiscal year 1984, not less than $190,000,000 is authorized to be note. appropriated to carry out the weatherization program under this part. There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985 to carry out such weatherization
97 STAT. 1236 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 program. Any amount appropriated under this section shall remain available until expended.'. COUNSEUNG SEC. 465. Section 106(aX3) of the Housing and Urban Development 12 use 1701X. Act of 1968 is amended— (1) by striking out "1982" and inserting in lieu thereof "1984"; and (2) by striking out "$4,000,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$3,500,000". RESEARCH AUTHORIZATION SEC. 466. (a) Section 501 of the Housing and Urban Development 12 use ITOlz-l. Act of 1970 is amended by striking out the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "There are authorized to be appropriated for activities under this title not to exceed $19,000,000 for fiscal year 1984, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1985. Of the amount appropriated under the preceding sen- tence for fiscal year 1984, not less than $2,000,000 shall be provided for implementation 6f a research program to be developed in consul- tation with public housing agencies, which program shall identify current problems of public housing management, specific solutions to such problems, and incentives to encourage implementation of such solutions.". (b) Title V of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1970 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: BIENNIAL SURVEY OF ECONOMIC AND HOUSING MARKET CONDITIONS 12 use "SEC. 512. The Secretary shall, not less than biennially, survey 170lz-10a. national, regional, and local economic and housing market condi- tions in a manner that provides data comparable to the data collected in such survey conducted in 1981.". NATIONAL HOUSING PARTNERSHIPS SEC. 467. Section 906(aXl) of the Housing and Urban Development 42 use 3936. Act of 1968 is amended— (1) by striking out "or" after "building" and inserting in lieu thereof a comma; and (2) by inserting after "rehabilitation" the following ", acquisi- tion, and financing". REPORT REGARDING PROGRAM CHANGES Transmittal to SEC. 468. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall, eongress. ^ot later than March 1, 1984, transmit a report to both Houses of the Congress that describes— (1) the standards utilized by the Department of Housing and Urban Development to make determinations concerning whether program requirements and changes to those require- ments are implemented through the use of regulations, hand- books, memoranda, telegrams, or other forms of formal or informal notices; and (2) the system currently utilized by the Department to assure that changes in the operation of departmental programs that
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1237 substantially affect the eligibility, rights, or benefits of persons applying for or receiving assistance under any such programs are subject to requirements of notice and publication, especially those requirements specified in subsections (b) through (e) of section 553 of title 5, United States Code. PERIODIC REPORT ON RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE DEUNQUENCIES AND FORECLOSURES SEC. 469. As soon as practicable following the date of the enact- 12 u s e 1701p-l. ment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, with the cooperation of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Comptroller of the Currency, shall develop a method of accurately reporting to the Congress on a periodic basis with respect to residential mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures. Each such report shall include information with respect to the number of residential mortgage foreclosures, and the number of sixty- and ninety-day residential mortgsige delinquencies, in the Nation and in each State. P U B U C NOTICE AND COMMENT REGARDING DEPARTMENT DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS SEC 470. (a) No demonstration program not expressly authorized Publication in in law may be commenced by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Federal Register. Development until (1) a description of such demonstration program 42 u s e 3542. is published in the Federal Register, which description may be included in a notice of funding availability; and (2) there expires a period of sixty calendar days following the date of such publication, during which period the Secretary shall fully consider any public comments submitted with respect to such demonstration program. (b) Nothing in this section may be considered to authorize the conducting of any demonstration program by the Secretary of Hous- ing and Urban Development. MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE SEC. 471. Section 364 of the Multifamily Mortgage Foreclosure Act of 1981 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new 12 USC 3703. sentence: "If the Secretary forecloses on any such mortgage pursu- ant to such other foreclosure procedures available, the provisions of section 367(b) may be applied at the discretion of the Secretary.". 12 USe 3706. ALTERNATIVE MORTGAGE TRANSACTIONS SEC. 472. Section 805(a) of the Alternative Mortgage Trsmsaction Parity Act of 1982 is amended by inserting after "transactions" the 12 USC 3804. following: "(or to any class or type of alternative mortgage transaction)". DUE-ON-SALE CLAUSE PROHIBITIONS SEC, 473. Section 341(d) of the Thrift Institutions Restructuring Act is amended by striking out "A lender" and inserting in lieu 12 USe l701j-3. thereof the following: "With respect to a real property loan secured by a lien on residential real property containing less than five dwelling units, including a lien on the stock allocated to a dwelling
97 STAT. 1238 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 xuiit in a cooperative housing corporation, or on a residential manu- factured home, a lender". CANCELLATION OF DEBT OWED THE TREASURY AND UQUIDATION OF NEW COMMUNITIES PROGRAM 12 use SEC. 474. (a) In order to provide for the management and orderly 1701g-5b. liquidation of the assets, and discharge the liabilities, acquired or incurred in connection with the new communities program author- ized pursueuit to title IV of the Housing and Urban Development 42 u s e 3901. Act of 1968 and title VII of the Housing and Urban Development 42 u s e 4501. Act of 1970 (hereafter referred to in this section as "title IV" and "title VII", respectively), the liquidation of the new communities program shall be carried out pursuant to the provisions of law applicable to the revolving fund (liquidating programs) established pursuant to title II of the Independent Offices Appropriations Act, 12 u s e 1701g-5. 1955, upon the transfer by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (hereafter in this section referred to as the '*Secre- tary") of the assets and liabilities of the fund authorized under 42 u s e 4518. section 717 of title VII to such revolving fund, as required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Ante, p. 219. Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984. The Secretary shall report to the Report to Congress not less than sixty days prior to taking any action with eongress. respect to the disposition of real property (other than a purchase money mortgage) which involves any further potential liability of or assistance from the Department of Housing and Urban Develop- ment with respect to any property so transferred. (b) In canying out the purposes of subsection (a), all moneys in the revolving fund (liquidating programs) shall be available for neces- sary administrative and other expenses of servicing and liquidating obligations guaranteed pursuant to section 403 and section 713 of 42 u s e 3902, title IV and title VII, respectively, including costs of services (includ- 4514. ing legal services) performed on a contract or fee basis, and to discharge any other liability acquired or incurred in connection with the new communities program. Notwithstanding any other provi- sion of law relating to the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal of real and other property by the United States, the Secre- tary of Housing and Urban Development shall also have power, for the protection of the interests of the revolving fund (liquidating programs), to pay out of any moneys in such fund all expenses or charges in connection with the acquisition, handling, improvement, or disposal of any property, real or personal, acquired by the Secre- tary either prior or subsequent to the date of the enactment of this Act as a result of recoveries under security, subrogation, or other rights in connection with the new communities program. (c) After making the transfer required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appro- Ante, p. 219. priation Act, 1984, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Develop- ment may issue obligations to the Secretary of the Treasury in an amount sufficient to enable the Secretarv of Housing and Urban Development to satisfy any guarantee made pursuant to section 403 42 u s e 3902, or 713 of title IV or title VlI, respectively, and otherwise carry out 4514. the functions authorized by this section. The obligations issued under this subsection shall have such maturities and bear such rate or rates of interest as shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to purchase any obligations so issued, and for that purpose the
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1239 Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities issued under chapter 31 of title 31, United States Code, and the purposes for 31 u s e 3101 et which securities niay be issued under such chapter are extended to seq. include purchases of obligations issued under this subsection. (d) Upon the transfer required in title I of the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropri- ation Act, 1984, each obligation issued by the Secretary of Housing Ante, p. 219. and Urban Development to the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 407(a) or 717(b) of title IV or title VII, respectively, 42 u s e 3906, together with any promise to repay the principal and unpaid inter- 4518. est which has accrued on each obligation, and any other term or condition specified by each such obligation, is canceled. (e) Title IV, except for sections 408,411,413, 414, and 416, and part 42 u s e 3901. B of title VII, except for sections 724, 725, 726, and subsections (b) 42 u s e 4511. through (e) of section 727, are hereby repealed. Section 717 of title 42 u s e 4518 VII shall remain in effect until completion of the transfer required note. in title I of the* Department of Housing and Urban Development- Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984. The Secretary may 42 u s e 1436a not implement the amendment to section 214 of the Housing and note. Community Development Act of 1980, made by section 329(a) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981, before 42 u s e 1436a. the expiration of the one-year period following the date of the enactment of this Act. Any actions taken, prior to repeal, under the 42 u s e 3901 authority of any of the sections which are repealed by this section note. shall continue to be valid. Nothing in this subsection shall impair the validity of any guarantees which have been made pursuant to title IV or title VII and any such guarantees shall continue to be 42 u s e 3901, governed by the provisions of title IV or title VII, as applicable, as 4501. they existed immediately before the date of the enactment of this Act. PART D—SECONDARY MORTGAGE MARKET PROGRAMS AMOUNT TO BE GUARANTEED UNDER THE GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITIES PROGRAM SEC. 481. Section 306(gX2) of the Federal National Mortgage Asso- ciation Charter Act is amended to read as follows: 12 u s e 1721. "(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject only to the absence of qualified requests for guarantees, to the authority provided in this subsection, and to any funding limitation approved in appropriation Acts, the Association shall enter into commitments for each of the fiscal years 1984 and 1985 to issue guarantees under this subsection for each such Hscal year in an aggregate amount of $68,250,000,000.". GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION COMMITMENT EXTENSION SEC. 482. The commitment issued under section 305(b) of the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act, known as Post, p. 1240. GNMA commitment numbered 926-984, to purchase a mortgage insured under such Act shall be grsmted for 43 months without the imposition of additional fees beyond the initial commitment fee.
97 STAT. 1240 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 SPECIAL ASSISTANCE AND EMERGENCY MORTGAGE PURCHASE ASSIST- ANCE FUNCTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION Repeals. SEC. 483. (a) Sections 305 and 313 of the Federal National Mort- 12 u s e 1720, gage Association Charter Act and section 3(b) of the Emergency 1723e. Home Purchase Assistance Act of 1974 are hereby repealed. 12 u s e 1723e (b) Any purchase or commitment to purchase any mortgage pursu- note. 12 u s e 1720 ant to section 305 or 313 of the Federal National Mortgage Associ- note. ation Charter Act made before the date of the enactment of this Act, and the servicing and disposition of any such mortgage, shall con- tinue to be governed by the provisions of such sections as they existed immediately before the effective date of this section. Rural Housing TITLE V—RURAL HOUSING Amendments of 1983. SHORT TITLE 42 u s e 1441 SEC. 501. This title may be cited as the "Rural Housing Amend- note. ments of 1983". DEFINITIONS 42 u s e 1471. SEC. 502. (a) Section 50T(bX4) of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended to read as follows: "(4) For the purpose of this title, the terms 'low income families or persons' and very low-income families or persons' means those families and persons whose incomes do not exceed the respective levels established for lower income families and very low-income families by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under 42 u s e 1437 the United States Housing Act of 1937.". note. (b) Section 501(bX5) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(5) For the purpose of this title, the terms 'income' and 'adjusted income' have the meanings given by sections 3(bX4) and 3(bX5), Ante, p. 1179. respectively, of the United States Housing Act of 1937.". SECTION 502 AMENDMENTS 42 use 1472. SEC. 503. (a) Section 502 of the Housmg Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(d) On and after the effective date of the Rural Housing Amend- Supra, ments of 1983— "(1) not less than 40 per centum of the dwelling units financed under this section shall be available only for occupancy by very low-income families or persons; and "(2) not less than 30 per centum of the dwelling units in each State financed under this section shall be available only for occupancy by very low-income families or persons. "(eXD A loan which may be made or insured under this section with respect to housing shall be made or insured with respect to a manufactured home or with respect to a manufactured home and lot, whether such home or such home and lot is real property, personal property, or mixed real and personal property, if— "(A) the manufactured home meets the standards prescribed pursuant to title VI of the Housing and Community Develop- 42 use 5401. ment Act of 1974; "(B) the manufactured home, or the manufactured home and lot, meets the installation, structural, and site requirements
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1241 which would apply under title II of the National Housing Act; 12 USC 1707. and "(C) the manufactured home meets the energy conserving requirements established under paragraph (2), or until the energy conserving requirements are established under para- graph (2), the manufactured home meets the energy conserving requirements applicable to housing other than manufactured housing financed under this title. "(2) Energy conserving requirements established by the Secretary Energy for the purpose of paragraph (IXC) shall— conserving requirements. "(A) reduce the operating costs for a borrower by maximizing the energy savings and be cost-effective over the life of the manufactured home or the term of the loan, whichever is shorter, taking into account variations in climate, types of energy used, the cost to modify the home to meet such require- ments, and the estimated value of the energy saved over the term of the mortgage; and "(B) be established so that the increase in the annual loan payment resulting from the added energy conserving require- ments in excess of those required by the standards prescribed under title VI of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 shall not exceed the projected savings in annual energy 42 USC 5401. costs.". (b) Within 18 months from the issuance by the Secretary of Report to Agriculture of regulations under section 502(eX2) of the Housing Act Congress. 42 USC 1472 of 1949, the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary note. of Housing and Urban Development and the Secretary of Agricul- Ante, p. 1240. ture, shall conduct a study and transmit to the (Dongress a report that compares the increased construction costs, actua). annual energy use, and the projected value of energy saved over the expected life of the home or the mortgage term, whichever is shorter, of manufactured homes which are financed under titles I and II of the National Housing Act, or under title V of the Housing 12 USC 1702, Act of 1949 and which are built according to national manufactured 1707. housing safety standards with other homes insured under either 42 USC 1471. such Act. (c) Section 527 of such Act is repealed. Repeal. (d) Section 502(a) of such Act is amended— 42 USC 1490g. (1) by inserting "(1)" after the subsection designation; 42 USC 1472. (2) by striking out all after "making of the loan with interest" and inserting in lieu thereof a period and the following: "The Secretary may accept the personal liability of any person with adequate repayment ability who will cosign the applicant's note to compensate for any deficiency in the applicant's repayment ability. At the borrower's option, the borrower may prepay to the Secretary as escrow agent, on terms and conditions pre- scribed by him, such taxes, insurance, and other expenses as the Secretary may require in accordance with section 501 (e)."; and 42 USC 1471. (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(2) The Secretary may extend the period of any loan made under Loan extension this section if the Secretary determines that such extension is penod. necessary to permit the making of such loan to any person whose income does not exceed 60 per centum of the median income for the area and who would otherwise be denied such loan because the payments required under a shorter period would exceed the finan- cial capacity of such person. The aggregate period for which any
97 STAT. 1242 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 loan may be extended under this paragraph may not exceed 5 years.". REHABILITATION LOANS SEC. 504. The first and second sentences of section 504(a) of the 42 use 1474. Housing Act of 1949 are amended to read as follows: "The Secretary may make a loan, grant, or combined loan and grant to an eligible very low-income applicant in order to improve or modernize a rural dwelling, to make the dwelling safer or more sanitary, or to remove hazards. The Secretary may make a loan or grant under this subsection to the applicant to cover the cost of any or all repairs, improvements, or additions such as repairing roofs, providing sani- tary waste facilities, providing a convenient and sanitary water supply, repairing or providing structural supports, or making simi- lar repairs, additions, improvements, including all preliminary and installation costs in obtaining central water and sewer service. The maximum amount of a grant, a loan, or a loan and grant shall not exceed such limitations as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.". TECHNICAL SERVICES AND RESEARCH 42 use 1476. SEC. 505. Section 506(b) of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may permit demonstrations involving innovative housing units and systems which do not meet existing published standards, rules, regulations, or policies if the Secretary finds that in so doing, the health and safety of the population of the area in which the demonstration is carried out will not be adversely affected, except that the aggregate expenditures for such demonstra- Report to tions may not exceed $10,000,000 in any fiscal year. The Secretary eongress. shall report to the Congress at the close of each fiscal year on the results of such demonstrations.". STANDARDS FOR ADEQUATE HOUSING 42 use 1479. SEC. 506. (a) Section 509(a) of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "The Secretary shall approve a residential building as meeting such standards if the building is constructed in accordance with (1) the minimum standards prescribed by the Secretary, (2) the minimum property standards prescribed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Devel- opment for mortgages insured under title II of the National Housing 12 use 1707. Act, (3) the standards contained in any of the voluntary national model building codes, or (4) in the case of manufactured housing, the Ante, p. 1240. standards referred to in section 502(e) of this Act. To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary shall promote the use of energy saving techniques through standards established by such Secretary for newly constructed residential housing assisted under this title. Such standards shall, insofar as is practicable, be consistent with the standards established pursuant to section 526 of the National Hous- Ante, p. 1210. ing Act and shall incorporate the energy performance requirements developed pursuant to such section.". Repeal. (b) Section 529 of such Act is repealed. 42 use 14901.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1243 GENERAL AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY SEC. 507. (a) Section 510(e) of such Act is amended bv adding 42 USC 1480. before the semicolon at the end thereof the following: 'and the authority of the Secretary under this paragraph includes the authority to transfer section 502 inventory properties for use as 42 USC 1472. rental or cooperative units under section 515 with mortgages con- 42 USC 1485. taining repayment terms with up to fifty years to private nonprofit organizations or public bodies. Such a transfer may be made even where rental assistance may be required so long as the authority to provide such assistance is available after taking into account the requirements of section 521(dXl)- Where the Secretary determines Post, p. 1249. the transfer will contribute to the provision of housing for very low- income persons and families, the transfer may be made at the lesser of the appraised value or the Farmers Home Adminstration's investment". (b) Section 510 of such Act is amended by redesignating subsection 42 USC 1480. (j) as subsection (k) and inserting after subsection (i) the following new subsection: "(j) utilize the services of fee inspectors and fee appraisers to expedite the processing of applications for loans and grants under this title, which services shall be utilized in any case in which a county or district office is unable to expeditiously process such loan and grant applications, and to include the cost of such services in the amount of such loans and grants; and". AMENDMENT TO SECTION 5 1 1 SEC. 508. The second sentence of section 511 of the Housing Act of 1949 is repealed. 42 USC 1481. REPEAL OF SECTION 5 1 2 SEC. 509. Section 512 of the Housing Act of 1949 is repealed. 42 USC 1482. DETERMINATION OF NEED FOR HOUSING UNDER SECTIONS 5 1 4 AND 5 1 6 SEC. 510. Section 514 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by 42 USC 1484. adding the following new subsection at the end thereof: "(h) In making available assistance in any area under this section or section 516, the Secretary shall— 42 USC 1486. "(1) in determining the need for the assistance, take into consideration the housing needs only of domestic farm labor, including migrant farmworkers, in the area; and "(2) in determining whether to provide such assistance, make such determination without regard to the extent or nature of other housing needs in the area.'. AUTHORIZATIONS SEC. 511. (a) Section 513 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended to 42 USC 1483. read as follows: "PROGRAM LEVELS AND AUTHORIZATIONS "SEC. 513. (a) The Secretary may insure and guarantee loans under this title during fiscal years 1984 and 1985 in an aggregate amount not to exceed such sums as may be approved in an appropri- ation Act.
97 STAT. 1244 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(b) There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 1984 and 1985— "(1) such sums as may be necessary for grants pursuant to 42 use 1474. section 504; "(2) such sums as may be necessary for the purposes of section 42 use 1479. 509(c); "(3) such sums as may be necessary to meet pa3anents on notes or other obligations issued by the Secretary under section 42 use 1481. 511 equal to (A) the aggregate of the contributions made by the Secretary in the form of credits on principal due on loans made 42 use 1473. pursuant to section 503, and (B) the interest due on a similar sum represented by notes or other obligations issued by the Secretary; "(4) such sums as may be necessary for financial assistance 42 use 1486. pursuant to section 516; "(5) such sums as may be necessary for the purposes of section 42 use 1490c. 523; 42 use 1490e. "(6) such sums as may be necessary for purposes of section 525 (a); "(7) not to exceed $100,000,000 for each such year for grants Post, p. 1249. under section 531, of which 5 per centum shal} be available for technical assistance; and "(8) such sums as may be required by the Secretary to admin- ister the provisions of sections 235 and 236 of the National 12 use 1715z, Housing Act and section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1715Z-1. 1937. 42 use 1437f. «'(g) -pjjg Secretary may enter into rented assistance contracts aggregating such sums as may be approved in appropriation Acts Post, p. 1248. under section 521(aX2XA) during fiscal years 1984 and 1985.". Ante, p. 746. (b) Section 515(bX5) of such Act is amended bv striking out "November 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof September 30, 1985". Ante, p. 746. (c) Section 517(aXl) of such Act is amended bv striking out "November 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof September 30, 1985". Ante, p. 746. (d) Section 523(f) of such Act is amended— 42 use 1490c. (1) by striking out the first sentence; and (2) by striking out "November 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1985". (e) Section 523(g) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "fiscal vear 1982" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof fiscal year 1985"; and (2) by striking out the first sentence. SECTION 515 AMENDMENTS Rent increases, SEC. 512. (a) Section 515 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by limitations. adding at the end thereof the following: 42 use 1485. "(g) The Secretary shall limit increases in rents on or after the date of enactment of this subsection for newly constructed or sub- stantially rehabilitated projects assisted under this section to the lesser of the actual operating cost increases incurred or the amount of operating cost increases incurred with respect to comparable rental dwelling units of various sizes and types in the same market area which are suitable for occupancy by families and persons assisted under this section. Where no comparable dwelling units exist in the same market area, the Secretary shall have authority to
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1245 approve such increases in accordance with the best available data regarding operating cost increases in rental dwelling units. "(h) After approving a project involving newly constructed or substantially rehabilitated units under this section, the Secretary shall limit cost increases to those approved by the Secretary. The Secretary may approve those increases only for unforeseen factors beyond the owner s control, design changes required by the Secre- tary or the local government, or changes in finanping approved by the Secretary. "(i) For the purpose of achieving the lowest cost in providing units in newly constructed projects assisted under this section, the Secre- tary shall give a preference in entering into contracts under this section for projects which are to be located on specific tracts of land provided by States, units of local government, or others if the Secretary determines that the tract of land is suitable for such housing, and that affording such preference will be cost effective, "(j) The Secretary shall assure that management fees are not Management excessive when a project developed under this section is managed by fees. the developer or an affiliate of the developer. "(k) For purposes of determining the market feasibility of any project to be assisted under this section— "(1) in the case of any applicant whose project is expected to utilize rental assistance payments under section 521, the Secre- 42 u s e 1490a. tary shall only require such applicant to demonstrate that a market exists for persons and families eligible for such rental assistance pa3nnents; and "(2) in the case of any applicant whose project is expected to utilize any assistance under a program of a State, or political subdivision thereof, that is similar to such assistance payments under section 521, the Secretary shall only require such appli- cant to demonstrate that— "(A) a market exists for persons and families eligible for such program of assistance; "(B) such program of assistance will provide rental assist- ance for a period of not less than five years, and for the term of the loan remaining after the period of such assist- ance, that an adequate rental market exists for the project without such assistance; and "(C) during the term of such rental assistance contracts, such State or political subdivision shall make available the amounts required for such rental assistance not less than annually. "(1) The Secretary shall establish standards for housing and Housing related facilities rehabilitated or repaired with amounts received standards. under a login made or insured under this section. Standards estab- lished by the Secretary under this subsection shall provide that except for substantial rehabilitation the particular items or systems repaired or rehabilitated must meet appropriate levels of quality or performance comparable to those levels prescribed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for rehabilitation, but shall not require that such items or systems or the remainder of the property meet the standards which are applicable to new construction. The Secretary shall ensure that standards prescribed under this subsec- tion provide decent, safe, and sanitary housing and related facilities, "(m) The Secretary may not deny assistance under this section or section 521 on the basis that the project involved is to be located on more than one site.
97 STAT. 1246 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(n) The Secretary may not (1) deny assistance under this section 42 u s e 1490a. on the basis that rental assistance pa)anents under section 521 may be required unless the authority to provide such assistance is not available; or (2) promulgate any regulation that would have the effect of denying occupancy to eligible persons on the basis that such persons require rental assistance payments under section 521. Post, p. 1248. "(oXD To the extent assistance is available under section 521(aX2), not more than 25 per centum of the dwelling units which were available for occupancy under this section prior to the date of enactment of this subsection, and which will be leased on or after such effective date shall be available for leasing by low income persons and families other than very low-income persons and families. "(2) To the extent assistance is available under section 521(aX2), not more than 5 per centum of the dwelling units which become available for occupancy under this section on or after the date of enactment of this subsection shall be available for leasing by low income persons and families other than very low-income persons and families. "(3) Units in projects financed under this section which become available for occupancy after the date of enactment of this subsec- tion shall not be available for occupancy by persons and families other than very low-income persons and families if the authority to provide assistance for such persons is available. Income "(p) In determining the income of a person or family occupying determination. housing financed under this section, the Secretary shall consider the value of that person's or family's assets in the same manner as the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development considers such value 42 u s e 1437 for the purpose of the United States Housing Act of 1937.", note. (b) Section 515(b) of such Act is amended— 42 u s e 1485. (1) by striking out "and" at the end of clause (5); (2) by striking out the period at the end of clause (6) and inserting in lieu thereof "; and"; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following: "(7) loans may be made to owners who are otherwise eligible under this section to purchase and convert single-family resi- dences to rental units of two or more dwellings.". (c) Section 515 of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out subsection (aX2); (2) by redesignating subsections (aX3) and (aX4) as subsections (aX2) and (aX3), respectively; (3) by striking out subsection (bX2); and (4) by redesignating subsections (bX3), (bX4), (bX5), (bX6), and (bX7) as subsections (bX2), (bX3), (bX4), (bX5), and (bX6), respectively. (d) Section 515(c) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "A loan may be made or insured under subsection (a) or (b) with respect to detached units, including those on scattered sites, for cooperative housing.". (e) Section 515(dXl) of such Act is amended by inserting before the first semicolon the following: ", and such term also means manufac- tured home rental parks where either the lots or both the lots and the homes are available for use by occupants eligible under this section".
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1247 FARM LABOR HOUSING SEC. 513. Section 516 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by 42 u s e 1486. adding at the end thereof the following subsection: "(i) The Secretary shall utilize not more than 10 per centum of the amounts available for any fiscal year for purposes of this section for financial assistance to eligible private and public nonprofit agencies to encourage the development of domestic and migrant farm labor housing projects under this title.". INSURED RURAL HOUSING LOANS SEC. 514. (a) Section 517 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended— 42 USC 1487. (1) by striking out all after "insured" in subsection (a) and inserting in lieu thereof a period and the following: "The amount of such a loan to a low income person or family shall not exceed the amount necessary to provide adequate housing which is modest in size, design, and cost (as determined by the Secretary)."; and (2) by striking out "(bX4)" in subsection (b) and inserting in lieu thereof "(bX3)". (b) Section 517(j) of such Act is amended— (1) by striking out "; and" at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting in lieu thereof a period; and (2) by striking out paragraph (6). (c) Section 517(o) of such Act is repealed. (d) Section 517 of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(o) The Secretary shall promulgate rules which encourage the Rules. rehabilitation or purchase of existing buildings for the purpose of providing housing which is economical in cost and operation.". DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA SEC. 515. Section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by 42 USC 1490. adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "For purposes of this title, any area classified as 'rural' or a 'rural area' prior to the receipt of data from or after the 1980 decennial census and determined not to be 'rural' or a 'rural area' as a result of such data shall continue to be so classified through the end of fiscal year 1984, if such area has a population in excess of 10,000 but not in excess of 20,000.". SHARED HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY AND HANDICAPPED SEC. 516. Section 521(aX2) of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended 42 USC 1490a. by adding the following new subparagraph at the end thereof: "(E) In order to assist elderly or handicapped persons or families who elect to live in a shared housing arrangement in which they benefit as a result of sharing the facilities of a dwelling with others in a manner that effectively and efficiently meets their housing needs and thereby reduces their cost of housing, the Secretary shall permit rental assistance to be used by such persons or families if the shared housing arrangement is in a single-family dwelling. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall prescribe mini- mum habitability standards to assure decent, safe, and sanitary
97 STAT. 1248 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 housing for such families while taking into account the special circumstances of shared housing.". RENTAL ASSISTANCE TENANT CONTRIBUTION 42 u s e 1490a. SEC. 517. (a) Section 521(aX2XA) of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by striking out the last two sentences. (b) Section 521(a) of such Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: 42 u s e 1484, "(3XA) In the case of loans under sections 514 and 515 approved 1485. prior to the effective date of this paragraph with respect to which rental assistance is provided, the rent for tenants receiving such assistance shall not exceed the highest of (i) 30 per centum of monthly adjusted income, (ii) 10 per centum of monthly income, or (iii) if the person or family is receiving payments for welfare assist- ance from a public agency, the portion of such payments which is specifically designated by such agency to meet the person's or family's housing costs. "(B) In the case of a section 515 loan approved prior to the effective date of this paragraph with respect to which interest credits are provided, the tenant's rent shall not exceed the highest of (i) 30 per centum of monthly adjusted income, (ii) 10 per centum of monthly income, or (iii) if the person or family is receiving payments for welfare assistance from a public agency, the portion of such payments which is specifically designated by such agency to meet the person's or family's housing costs, or, where no rental assistance authority is available, the rent level established on a basis of a 1 per centum interest rate on debt service. "(C) No rent for a unit financed under section 514 or 515 shall be increcised as a result of this subsection or other provision of Federal law or Federal regulation by more than 10 per centum in any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to this subsection or other law, or regulation. "(4) In the case of a loan with respect to the purchase of a manufactured home with respect to which rental assistance is pro- vided, the monthly payment for principal and interest on the manu- factured home and for lot rental and utilities shall not exceed the highest of (A) 30 per centum of monthly adjusted income, (B) 10 per centum of monthly income, or (C) if the person or family is receiving payments for welfare assistance from a public agency, the portion of such payments which is specifically designated by such agency to meet the person's or family's housing costs.". (c) Section 521(aX2XA) of such Act is amended by striking out "25 per centum of income." and inserting in lieu thereof "the highest of (ij 30 per centum of monthly adjusted income, (ii) 10 per centum of monthly income; or (iii) if the person or family is receiving payments for welfare assistance from a public agency, the portion of such payments which is specifically designated by such agency to meet the person's or family's housing costs. Any rent or contribution of any recipient shall not increase as a result of this section or any other provision of Federal law or regulation by more than 10 per centum during any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to this subsection or other law or regulation.". 42 u s e 1490J. (d) Section 530 of such Act is amended by striking out "25" and inserting in lieu thereof "30".
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1249 (e) Section 521 of such Act is amended by adding at the end 42 u s e 1490a. thereof the following: "(dXlXA) In entering into contracts for assistance under this Contracts. section and utilizing rental assistance authority which becomes available, the Secretary shall first assure that expiring contracts are extended for those units occupied by persons and families of low income, and that additional assistance is used where necessary to provide the full amount authorized pursuant to existing contracts. "(B) Remaining funds shall be used for contracts which assist very low-income persons and families occupying projects receiving com- mitments under section 514, 515, or 516 after fiscal year 1983, except 42 use that up to 5 per centum of the units assisted may be occupied by 1484-1486. persons and families of low income. "(C) To the extent any funds are available after providing assist- emce in accordance with subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Secretary shall provide additional assistance to existing projects which would become occupied and affordable by very low-income persons and families, except that up to 5 per centum of the units assisted may be Ofcupied by persons and families of low income. "(2) The Secretary shall transfer rental assistance contract Transfer authority under this section from projects where such authority is authority. unused after initial rentup and not needed because of a lack of eligible tenants in the area to projects where such authority is needed. "(e) Any rent or contribution of any recipient shall not increase as a result of this section, any amendment thereto, or any other provision of Federal law or regulation by more than 10 per centum during any twelve-month period, unless the increase above 10 per centum is attributable to increases in income which are unrelated to this subsection or other law or regulation.". (f) The amendments made by this section shall take effect six Effective date. months after the date of enactment of this Act, or upon the earlier 42 u s e 1490a promulgation of regulations implementing this section by the note. Secretary. TECHNICAL AND SUPERVISORY ASSISTANCE SEC. 518. (a) The last sentence of section 525(b) of the Housing Act 42 u s e 1490e. of 1949 is amended by striking out all after "sooner" and inserting in lieu thereof a period. (b) Section 525(c) of such Act is repealed. CONDOMINIUM HOUSING SEC. 519. (a) Section 526 of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended— 42 u s e 1490f. (1) by striking out "in his discretion" in subsection (a); and (2) by striking out "in his discretion" in subsection (c). FHA INSURANCE SEC. 520. Title V of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: FHA INSURANCE "SEC. 531. The Secretary is authorized to act as an agent of the 42 u s e 1490k. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to recommend insur- 1 1 - 1 9 4 O - 8 5 — 41 : QL 3
97 STAT. 1250 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ance of any mortgage meeting the requirements of section 203 of the 12 use 1709. National Housing Act.". PROCESSING OF APPUCATION SEC. 521. Title V of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section: ' "PROCESSING OF APPUCATIONS 42 use 1490Z. "SEC. 532. (a) The Secretary shall, in making assistance available under this title, give a priority to applications submitted by— "(1) persons and families that have the greatest housing assistance needs because of their low income and their residing in inadequate dwellings; "(2) applicants applying for assistance for projects that will serve such persons and families; and "(3) applicants residing in areas which are the most rural in character. 42 use 1483. "(b) In making available the assistance authorized by section 513 42 use 1490a. and section 521(a) with respect to projects involving insured and guaranteed loans and interest credits and rental assistance pay- ments, the Secretary shall process and approve requests for such assistance in a manner that provides for a preliminary reservation of assistance at the time of initial approval of the project.". RURAL H O U S I N G PRESERVATION GRANT PROGRAM SEC. 522. Title V of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: HOUSING PRESERVATION GRANTS 42 use 1490m. "SEC. 533. (a) The purpose of this section is to authorize the Secretary to make grants to eligible grantees including private nonprofit organizations, Indian tribes, general units of local govern- ment, counties. States, and consortia of other eligible grantees, in order to— "(1) rehabilitate single family housing in rural areas which is owned by low- and very low-income persons and families, and "(2) rehabilitate rental properties or cooperative housing which has a membership resale structure that enables the cooperative to maintain affordability for persons of low income in rural areas serving low- and very low-income occupants. The Secretary may also provide assistance payments as provided by Ante, p. 1181. section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 upon the request of grantees in order to minimize the displacement of very low-income tenants residing in units rehabilitated with assistance under this section. "(b) Rehabilitation programs assisted under this section shall— "(1) be used to provide loans or grants to owners of single family housing in order to cover the cost of repairs and improvements; (2) be used to provide interest reduction payment; "(3) be used to provide loans or grants to owners of rental housing, except that rental rehabilitation assistance provided under this subsection for any structure shall not exceed 75 per
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 1^^ 97 STAT. 1251 centum of the total costs associated with the rehabilitation of that structure; "(4) be used to provide other comparable assistance that the Secretary deems appropriate to carry out the purpose of this section, designed to reduce the costs of such repair and rehabili- tation in order to make such housing affordable by persons of low income and, to the extent feasible, by persons and families whose incomes do not exceed 50 per centum of the area median income; "(5) benefit low- and very low-income persons and families in rural areas, without causing the displacement of current resi- dents; and "(6) raise health and safety conditions to meet those specified in section 509(a). Ante, p. 1242. "(cXD The Secretary shall allocate rehabilitation grant funds for Funding use in each State on the basis of a formula contained in a regulation allocations. prescribed by the Secretary using the average of the ratios between— "(A) the population of the rural areas in that State and the population of the rural areas of all States; "(B) the extent of poverty in the rural areas in that State and the extent of poverty in the rural areas of all States; and "(C) the extent of substandard housing in the rural areas of that State and the extent of substandard housing in the rural areas of all States. Any funds which are allocated to a State but uncommitted to Uncommitted grantees will be transferred to the State office of the Farmers Home funds. Administration in a timely manner and be used for authorized rehabilitation activities under section 504. 42 u s e 1474. "(2) Unless there is only one eligible grantee in a State, a single grantee may not receive more than 50 per centum of a State's allocation. "(dXD Eligible grantees may submit a statement of activity to the Activity Secretary at the time specified by the program administrator, con- statements by grantees. taining a description of its proposed rehabilitation program. The statement shall consist of the activities each entity proposes to undertake for the fiscal year, and the projected progress in carrying out those activities. The statement of activities shall be made avail- Public able to the public for comment. availability. "(2) In preparing such statement, the grantee shall consult with and consider the views of appropriate local officials. "(3) The Secretary shall evaluate the merits of each statement on Evaluation by the basis of such criteria as the Secretary shall prescribe, including Secretary. the extent— "(A) to which the repair and rehabilitation activities will assist persons of low income who lack adequate shelter, with priority given to applications assisting the maximum number of persons and families whose incomes do not exceed 50 per centum of the area median income; "(B) to which the repair and rehabilitation activities include the participation of other public or private organizations in providing assistance, in addition to the assistance provided under this section, in order to lower the costs of such activities or provide for the leveraging of available funds to supplement the rural housing preservation grant program;
97 STAT. 1252 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(C) to which such activities will be undertaken in rural areas having populations below 10,000 or in remote parts of other rural areas; "(D) to which the repair and rehabilitation activities may be expected to result in achieving the greatest degree of repair or improvement for the least cost per unit or dwelling; "(E) to which the program would minimize displacement; "(F) to which the program would alleviate overcrowding in rural residences inhabited by low- and very low-income persons and families; "(G) to which the program would minimize the use of grant funds for administrative purposes; and "(H) to which the owner agrees to meet the requirement of subsection (eXlXBXiv) for a period longer than 5 years; and shall assess the demonstrated capacity of the grantee to carry out the program as well as the financial fesisibility of the program. "(4) The amount of assistance provided under this section with respect to any housing shall be the least amount that the Secretary determines is necessary to provide, through the repair and rehabili- tation of such housing, decent housing of modest design that is affordable for persons of low income. Rental or "(eXD Assistance under this section may be provided with respect cooperative to rental or cooperative housing only if— housing "(A) the owner has entered into such agreements with the assistance. Secretary as may be necessary to assure compliance with the requirements of this section, to assure the financial feasibility of such housing, and to carry out the other provisions of this section; "(B) the owner agrees— "(i) to pass on to the tenants any reduction in the debt service pajmients resulting from the assistance provided under this section; "(ii) not to convert the units to condominium ownership (or in the case of a cooperative, to condominium ownership or any form of cooperative ownership not eligible for assist- ance under this section); "(iii) not refuse to rent a dwelling unit in the structure to a family solely because the family is receiving or is eligible to receive assistance under any Federal, State, or local housing assistance program; and "(iv) that the units repaired and rehabilitated with such assistance will be occupied, or available for occupancy, by persons of low income; during the 5-year period beginning on the date on which the units in the housing are available for occupancy; "(C) the unit of general local government or nonprofit organi- zation that receives the assistance certifies to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the assistance will be made available in 42 u s e 2000a conformity with Public Law 88-352 and Public Law 90-284; note. "(D) the owner agrees to enter into and abide by written 82 Stat. 73. leases with the tenants, which leases shall provide that tenants may be evicted only for good cause; and "(E) the unit of general local government or nonprofit organi- zation will agree to supervise repairs and rehabilitation and will agree to have a disinterested party inspect such repairs and rehabilitation.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1253 "(2) Assistance under this section provided with respect to any housing other than rental or cooperative housing may be provided only if the owner complies with the requirements set forth in subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) and any other requirements established by the Secretary to carry out the purpose of this section. "(3XA) The Secretary shall provide that if the owner or his or her successors in interest fail to carry out the agreements described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) during the applicable period, the owner or his or her successors in interest shall make a payment to the Secretary of an amount that equals the total amount of assistance provided under this section with respect to such hous- ing, plus interest thereon (without compounding), for each year and any fraction thereof that the assistance was outstanding, at a rate determined by the Secretary taking into account the average yield on outstanding marketable long-term obligations of the United States during the month preceding the date on which the assistance was made available. "(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any assistance provided under this section shall constitute a debt, which is payable in the case of any failure to carry out the agreements described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1), and shall be secured by the security instruments provided by the owner to the Secretary. "(f) The Secretary shall provide for such advance payments of Advance assistance under this section as the Secretary determines is neces- assistance payments. sary to effectively carry out the provisions of this section. "(g) The Secretary shall, at least on an annual basis, make such Review and review and audits as may be necessary or appropriate to determine audits. whether the grantee has carried out its activities in a timely manner and in accordance with the requirements of this section, the degree to which the activities assisted benefitted persons of low income and very low-income who lacked adequate housing, and whether the grantee has a continuing capacity to carry out the activities in a timely manner. The Secretary may adjust, reduce, or withdraw resources made available to grantees receiving assistance under this section, or take other action as appropriate in accordance with the findings of these reviews and audits. Any amounts which became available as a result of actions under this subsection shall be reallocated in the year in which they become available to such grantee or grantees as the Secretary may determine. "(h) The Secretary is authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations and make such delegations of authority as he deems necessary to carry out this section within 90 days after the date of enactment of this section. "(i) The Secretary shall establish procedures which support Procedures national historic preservation objectives and which assure that, if supporting historic any rehabilitation proposed to be assisted under this section would preservation. affect property that is included or is eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places, such activity shall not be undertaken unless (1) it will reasonably meet the standards for rehabilitation issued by the Secretary of the Interior and the appro- priate State historic preservation officer is afforded the opportunity to comment on the specific rehabilitation plan, or (2) the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation is afforded an opportunity to com- ment on cases for which the recipient of assistance, in consultation with the State historic preservation officer, determines that the proposed rehabilitation activity cannot reasonably meet such stand- ards or would adversely affect historic property as defined therein.
97 STAT. 1254 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 Report to "(j) Not later than 180 days after the close of each fiscal year in Congress. which assistance under this section is furnished, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report which shall contain— "(1) a description of the progress made in accomplishing the objectives of this section; and "(2) a summary of the use of such funds during the preceding year. The Secretary shall require grantees under this section to submit to him such reports, and other information as may be necessary in order for the Secretary to make the report required by this subsection.". MISCELLANEOUS SEC. 523. Title V of the Housing Act of 1949 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: REVIEW OF RULES AND REGULATIONS Publication in "SEC. 534. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no rule Federal or regulation pursuant to this title may become effective unless it Register. has first been published for public comment in the Federal Register 42 u s e 1490n. for at least 60 days, and published in final form for at least 30 days. Transmittal to "(b) The Secretary shall transmit to the chairman and ranking congressional Member of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs committees. of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House, all rules and regulations at least 15 days before they are sent to the Federal Register for purposes of subsection (a). "(c) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a rule or regulation which the Secretary certifies is issued on an emergency basis. RECIPROCITY IN APPROVAL OF HOUSING SUBDIVISIONS AMONG FEDERAL AGENCIES 42 u s e 1490o. "SEC. 535. The Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and the Administrator of Veterans' Af^ fairs shall each accept an administrative approval of any housing subdivision made by any of the others so that not later than January 1, 1984, there is total reciprocity for housing subdivision approvals among the agencies which they head.". Export-Import TITLE VI—EXPORT-IMPORT BANK ACT AMENDMENTS OF Bank Act Amendments of 1983 1983. SHORT TITLE 12 u s e 635 note. SEC. 601. This title may be cited as the "Export-Import Bank Act Amendments of 1983". PART A—EXPORT-IMPORT BANK ACT AMENDMENTS EXTENSION OF THE EXPORT-IMPORT BANK ACT SEC. 611. Section 8 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 Ante, p. 916. U.S.C. 635f) is amended by striking out "November 18, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "September 30,1986".
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1255 COMPETITIVE MANDATE SEC. 612. (a) The second sentence of section 2(bXlXA) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(bXlXA)) is amended— (1) by inserting "in all its programs" after "objective"; and (2) by inserting "fully" after "which are". (b) The first sentence of section 2(bXlXB) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 635(bXlXB)) is amended by striking out "It is" and all that follows through "exports of other countries;" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "It is further the policy of the United States that loans made by the Bank in all its programs shall bear interest at rates determined by the Board of Directors, consistent with the Bank's mandate to support United States exports at rates and on terms and conditions which are fully competitive with exports of other countries, and consistent with international agreements. For the purpose of the preceding sentence, rates and terms and condi- tions need not be equivalent to those offered by foreign countries, but should be established so that the effect of such rates, terms, and conditions for all the Bank's programs, including those for small businesses and for medium-term financing, will be to neutralize the effect of such foreign credit on international sales competition. The Bank shall consider its average cost of money as one factor in its determination of interest rates, where such consideration does not impair the Beuik's primary function of expanding United States exports through fully competitive financing. It is also the policy of the United States". (c) The first sentence of section 2(bXlXB) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 635(bXlXB)), as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this title, is amended by inserting "export trading companies," sifter "independent export firms,". ADVISORY COMMITTEE SEC. 613. Section 3(d) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635a(d)) is amended to read as follows: "(dXlXA) There is established an Advisory Committee to consist of twelve members who shall be appointed by the Board of Directors on the recommendation of the President of the Bank. "(B) Such members shall be broadly representative of production, commerce, finance, agriculture, labor, services, and State government. "(2) Not less than three members appointed to the Advisory Committee shall be representative of the small business community. "(3) The Advisory Committee shall meet at least once each quarter. "(4) The Advisory Committee shall advise the Bank on its pro- Comments, grams, and shall submit, with the report specified in section submittal to (Congress. 2(bXlXA) of this Act, its own comments to the Congress on the extent to which the Bank is meeting its mandate to provide competi- 12 use 635. tive financing to expand United States exports, and any suggestions for improvements in this regard.". TERMS OF DIRECTORS SEC. 614. (a) Section 3(c) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635a(c)) is amended—
97 STAT. 1256 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (1) by redesignating the first sentence through the seventh sentence of such section as paragraphs (1) through (7), respectively; (2) in the fifth paragraph of such section, as so redesignated by paragraph (1), by striking out "Terms of the directors shall be at the pleasure of the President of the United States, and the" and inserting in lieu thereof "The"; and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following: "(SKA) The terms of the directors, including the President and the First Vice President of the Bank, appointed under this section shall be four years, except that— "(i) during their terms of office, the directors shall serve at the pleasure of the President of the United States; "(ii) the term of any director appointed after the date of enactment of this paragraph to serve before January 20, 1985, shall expire on January 20, 1985; "(iii) of the directors first appointed to serve beginning on or after January 21, 1985, two directors (other than the President and First Vice President of the Bank) shall be appointed for terms of two years, as designated by the President of the United States at the time of their appointment; and "(iv) any director first appointed to serve for a term beginning on any date after January 21, 1985, shall serve only for the remainder of the period for which such director would have been appointed if such director's term had begun on January 21, 1985. If such term would have expired before the date on which such director's term actually begins, the term of such director shall be the four-year period, or remainder thereof, as if such director had been preceded by a director whose term had begun on January 21, 1985. "(B) Of the five members of the Board appointed by the President, not less than one such member shall be selected from among the small business community and shall represent the interests of small business. Vacancy. "(C) Any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of the director whom such person succeeds. "(D) Any director whose term has expired may be reappointed.". 12 use 635a (b) In order to carry out the amendment made by subsection (a) note. regarding section 3(c)(8XB) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, Ante, p. 1255. ^^le first member, other than a member who will serve as Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Bank, appointed by the President of the United States to the Board of Directors of the Export-Import Bank of the United States after the date of the enactment of this section shall be selected from among the small business community and shall represent the interests of small business. REPORT ON AUTHORITY SEC. 615. Section 7(aX2) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635e(a)(2)) is amended to read as follows: "(2)(AXi) Not later than March 31 of each fiscal year, the Presi- dent of the United States shall determine whether the authority available to the Bank for such fiscal year will be sufficient to meet the Bank's needs, particularly those needs arising from— "(I) increases in the level of exports unforeseen at the time of the original budget request for such fiscal year; "(II) any increased foreign export credit subsidies; or
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1257 "(III) the lack of progress in negotiations to reduce or elimi- nate export credit subsidies. "(ii) Not later than April 15 of each year, the President of the Transmittal to United States shall transmit to the Congress a report on such Congress. determination. "(BXi) If the President of the United States finds that the amount Presidential of direct loan authority or guarantee authority available to the request for legislation Bank for the fiscal year involved exceeds the amount which will be to Congress. necessary to carry out the Bank's functions consistent with the availability of qualified applications and limitations imposed by law during such year, the President of the United States shall promptly transmit to the Congress a request for legislation to eliminate the amount of such excess direct loan, loan guarantee, or insurance authority. "(ii) The Bank shall continue to make remaining amounts of its authority available for the fiscal year involved, in accordance with its practices and the requirements of this Act, unless otherwise directed pursuant to law. . EXPORTS OF SERVICES SEC. 616. (a) Section 2 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635) is amended— (1) in the second sentence of subsection (aXD, by inserting "and services" after "exchange of commodities"; (2) in the second sentence of subsection (bXlXA), by inserting "of goods and services" after "exports"; and (3) by inserting after subsection (bXl)(C) the following: "(DXi) It is further the policy of the United States to foster the delivery of United States services in international commerce. In exercising its powers and functions, the Bank shall give full and equ£d consideration to making loans and providing guarantees for the export of services (independently, or in conjunction with the export of msuiufactured goods, equipment, hardware or other capital goods) consistent with the Bank s policy to neutralize foreign subsi- dized credit competition and to supplement the private capital market. "(ii) The Bank shall include in its annual report a summary of its programs regarding the export of services.". (b) Section 206 of the Export Trading Company Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-290) is amended— 12 u s e 635a-4. (1) by striking out "or" after "export accounts receivable" and inserting in lieu thereof a comma; and (2) by inserting after "exportable goods," the following: "ac- counts receivable from leases, performance contracts, grant commitments, participation fees, member dues, revenue from publications, or such other collateral as the Board of Directors may deem appropriate,". COMPETITIVE INSURANCE SEC. 617. Section 2 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(dXD In canying out its responsibilities under this Act, the Bank shall work to ensure that United States companies are afforded an equal and nondiscriminatory opportunity to bid for insurance in connection with transactions assisted by the Bank.
97 STAT. 1258 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(2) In furtherance of such effort, the Chairman of the Bank shall review Bank policies and programs in regard to this issue, and in coordination with the United States Trade Representative and the appropriate agencies of the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, and the Department of Commerce, undertake actions designed to promote equal and nondiscriminatory opportunities to bid for insurance in connection with all aspects of international trade activities. Bank report to "(3) The Bank shall report to the Committee or Banking, Finance congressional £^J^(J Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Commit- tee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate not later than May 15, 1984, regarding— "(A) the existing obstacles to equal and nondiscriminatory bidding for insurance related to transactions assisted by the Bank; "(B) the efforts that the Bank has taken in addressing such problems; and "(C) recommendations for such legislative or administrative actions as the Bank considers necessary.". SMALL BUSINESS NEEDS SEC. 618. (a) Section 2(bXl) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(bXl)) is amended— (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking out "that the Bank shall give due recognition to the policy stated in section 2(a) of the Small Business Act" and all that follows through "the Small Business Administration and other departments and agencies in matters affecting small business concerns;"; and Ante, p. 1257. (2) by adding at the end thereof the following: "(EXiXD It is further the policy of the United States to encourage the participation of small business in international commerce. "(II) In exercising its authority, the Bank shall develop a program which gives fair consideration to making loans and providing guar- antees for the export of goods and services by small businesses, "(ii) It is further the policy of the United States that the Bank shall give due recognition to the policy stated in section 2(a) of the 15 use 631. Small Business Act that 'the Government should aid, counsel, assist, and protect, insofar as is possible, the interests of small business concerns in order to preserve free competitive enterprise'. "(iii) In furtherance of this policy, the Board of Directors shall designate an officer of the Bank who— "(I) shall be responsible to the President of the Bank for all matters concerning or affecting small business concerns; and "(II) among other duties, shall be responsible for advising small business concerns of the opportunities for small business concerns in the functions of the Bank and for maintaining liaison with the Small Business Administration and other departments and agencies in matters affecting small business concerns. "(iv) The Director appointed to represent the interests of small Ante, pp. 1255, business under section 3(c) of this Act shall ensure that the Bank ^^^^- carries out its responsibilities under clauses (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph and that the Bank's financial and other resources are, to the maximum extent possible, appropriately used for small busi- ness needs.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1259 "(v) To assure that the purposes of clauses (i) and (ii) of this Financing. subparagraph are carried out, the Bank shall make available, from the aggregate loan, guarantee, and insurance authority available to it, an amount to finance exports by small business concerns (as defined under section 3 of the Small Business Act) which shall be 15 u s e 632. not less than— "(I) 6 per centum of such authority for fiscal year 1984; "(II) 8 per centum of such authority for fiscal year 1985; and "(III) 10 per centum of such authority for fiscal year 1986 and thereafter. "(vi) The Bank shall utilize the amount set aside pursuant to clause (v) of this subparagraph to offer financing for small business exports on terms which are fully competitive with regard to interest rates and with regard to the portion of financing which may be provided, guaranteed, or insured. Financing under this clause (vi) shall be available without regard to whether financing for the particular transaction was disapproved by any other Federal agency. "(viiXD The Bank shall utilize a part of the amount set aside pursuant to clause (v) to provide lines of credit or guarantees to consortia of small or medium size banks, export trading companies, State export finance agencies, export financing coop|eratives, small business investment companies (as defined in section 103 of the Small Businss Investment Act of 1958), or other financing institu- 15 u s e 662. tions or entities in order to finance small business exports. "(II) Financing under this clause (vii) shall be made available only where the consortia or the participating institutions agree to under- take processing, servicing, and credit evaluation functions in con- nection with such financing. "(Ill) To the maximum extent practicable, the Bank shall delegate to the consortia the authority to approve financing under this clause (vii). "(IV) In the administration of the program under this clause (vii), the Bank shall provide appropriate technical assistance to partici- pating consortia and may require such consortia periodically to furnish information to the Bank regarding the number and amount of loans made and the creditworthiness of the borrowers. "(viii) In order to assure that the policy stated in clause (i) is carried out, the Bank shall promote small business exports and its small business export financing programs in cooperation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Office of International Trade of the Small Business Administration, and the private sector, particularly small business organizations. State agencies, chambers of commerce, banking organizations, export management companies, export trad- ing companies, and private industry.'. (b) Section 9 of such Act (12 U.S.C. 635g) is amended— (1) in the first sentence of subsection (b), by inserting before the period at the end thereof the following: and of the activi- ties of the member of the Board appointed to represent the interests of small business"; and (2) by adding at the end thereof the following: Annual report to "(cXl) The Bank shall include in its annual report to the Congress eongress. a report on the allocation of the sums set aside for small business exports pursuant to section 2(bXlXE). Ante, p. 1258. (2) Such report shall specify— "(A) the total number and dollar volume of loans made from the sums set aside;
97 STAT. 1260 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(B) the number and dollar volume of loans made through the Ante, p. 1258. consortia program under section 2(bXlXEXvii); "(C) the amount of guarantees and insurance provided for small business exports; "(D) the number of recipients of financing from the sums set aside who have not previously participated in the Bank's programs; "(E) the number of commitments entered into in amounts less than $500,000; and "(F) any recommendations for increasing the participation of banks and other institutions in the programs authorized under section 2(bXlXE). Transmittal to "(3) For the purpose of this subsection, the Bank's report shall be congressional transmitted to the Committee on Small Business of the Senate and committees. the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives.". (c) Section 20t)Xl) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. Ante, p. 1258. 635(bXl)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(F) Consistent with international agreements, the Bank shall urge the Foreign Credit Insura[nce Association to provide coverage against 100 per centum of any loss with respect to exports having a value of less than $100,000.". SPECIAL FACILITIES IN SUPPORT OF UNITED STATES EXPORTS SEC. 619. (a) The Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: SPECIAL FACILITIES IN SUPPORT OF UNITED STATES EXPORTS 12 use 635i-l. "SEC. 13. The Bank is authorized to establish general facilities consisting of guarantees and insurance in support of export transac- tions to Brazil in the aggregate amount of $1,500,000,000 and to Mexico in the aggregate eimount of $500,000,000. No such guarantees may be made, or insurance issued, after March 31,1985.". (b) The first sentence of section 2(bX3) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(bX3)) is amended by inserting "or general guarantee or insurance facility" after "no loan or financial guarantee". (c) Section 2(bX3XA) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(bX3XA)) is amended to read as follows: "(A) in the case of a loan or financial guarantee— "(i) a brief description of the purposes of the transaction; "(ii) the identity of the party or parties requesting the loan or financial guarantee; "(iii) the nature of the goods or services to be exported and the use for which the goods or services are to be exported; and '(iv) in the case of a general guarantee or insurance facility— "(I) a description of the nature and purpose of the facility; "(II) the total amount of guarantees or insurauice; and "(III) the reasons for the facility and its methods of operation; and". (d) Section 2(b) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(b)) is amended—
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1261 (1) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); (2) by redesignating paragraph (7), the second time it appears therein, as paragraph (8); and (3) by adding at the end thereof the following: "(lOXA) The Bank shall not, without a specific authorization by law, guarantee, insure, or extend credit (or participate in the exten- sion of credit) to— "(i) assist specific countries with balance of payments financing; or "(ii) assist (as the primary purpose of any such guarantee, msurance, or credit) any country in the management of its international indebtedness, other than its outstanding obli- gations to the Bank. "(B) Nothing contained in subparagraph (A) shall preclude guarantees, insurance, or credit the primary purpose of which is to support United States exports.". TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS SEC. 620. (a) Section 2(bX4) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(bX4)) is amended by striking out "he" wherever it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "the Secretary". (b) Section 3(e) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.U. 635a(e)) is amended— (1) by striking out "his" and inserting in lieu thereof "such individual's"; and (2) by striking out "he" and inserting in lieu thereof "such individual". (c) Section 4 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635b) is amended by striking out "he" and inserting in lieu thereof "the President". (d) Section 7(b) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635e(b)) is amended by striking out "he" wherever it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "the President". CAPITAL LEVEL OF THE BANK SEC. 621. The Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: CAPITAL LEVEL OF THE BANK "SEC. 14. After fiscal year 1983, if at the end of any fiscal quarter Notification of the value of the total capital stock and retained earnings of the Congress. Bank falls below 50 per centum of the value of the total capital stock 12 u s e 635i-2. and retained earnings of the Bank at the end of fiscal year 1983, the Board of Directors shall notify the Congress of the decrease in the level of the capital stock of the Bank not later than thirty days after the end of the fiscal quarter involved and the Congress shall take appropriate action.". MEDIUM-TERM FINANCING SEC. 622. Section 2(a) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(a)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following:
97 STAT. 1262 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(2) In order for the Bank to be competitive in all of its financing programs with countries whose exports compete with United States exports, the Bank shall establish a program that— "(A) provides medium-term financing where necessary to be fully competitive— "(i) at rates of interest to the customer which are equal to rates established in international agreements; and "(ii) in amounts up to 85 percent of the total cost of tbp exports involved; and "(B) enables the Bank to cooperate fully with the Secretary of Commerce and the Administrator of the Small Business Admin- istration to develop a program for purposes of disseminating information (using existing private institutions) to small busi- ness concerns regarding the medium-term financing provided under this paragraph.". REPORT TO CONGRESS SEC. 623. Section 9 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12 Ante, p. 1259. U.S.C. 635g) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(dXD The report shall include a detailed description of all actions which have been taken by the Bank or which will be taken by the Bank— "(A) to maintain the competitive position of key linkage industries in the United States; "(B) to support industries which are engaged in the export of high value added products; '(C) to support industries which are engaged in the develop- ment of new capital goods technology; "(D) to preserve and create high skilled jobs in the United States economy; and "(E) to enhance the opportunity for growth and expansion of small businesses and entrepreneurial enterprises. "(2) Such report shall include the comments of the Advisorv Committee regarding the objectives specified in paragraph (1).'. PART B—MATCHING CREDITS MATCHING CREDITS SEC, 631. Section 1912 of the Export-Import Bank Act Amend- 12 use 635a-3. ments of 1978 is amended— (1) by adding at the end of subsection (aXD the following: "The inquiry, and where appropriate, the determination and authori- zation to the Export-Import Bank of the United States referred to in this section shall be completed and made within 60 days of the receipt of such information."; and (2) in subsection (bXD, by striking out "determining factor" and inserting in lieu thereof "significant factor". REPORT SEC. 632. Section 1911 of the Export-Import Bank Act Amend- 12 use 635a-2. ments of 1978 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "After October 1,1983, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.".
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1263 TECHNICAL AMENDMENT SEC. 633. (a) Section 1912(b) of the Export-Import Bank Act Amendments of 1978 is amended by strking out "he" and inserting 12 u s e 635a-3. in lieu thereof "the Secretary". (b) Section 1912(aX2) of the Export-Import Bank Act Amendments of 1978 is amended by striking out "he" and inserting in heu thereof "the Secretary". PART C—TIED AID CREDIT EXPORT SUBSIDIES Trade and Development Enhancement SHORT TITLE Act of 1983. SEC. 641. This part may be referred to as the "Trade and Develop- 12 u s e 635o ment Enhancement Act of 1983". note. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE SEC. 642. The purpose of this part is— 12 u s e 635o. (1) to expand employment and economic growth in the United States by expanding United States exports to the markets of the developing world; (2) to stimulate the economic development of countries in the developing world by improving their access to credit for the importation of United States products and services for develop- mental purposes; (3) to neutralize the predatory financing engaged in by many nations whose exports compete with United States exports, and thereby restore export competition to a market basis; and (4) to encourage foreign governments to enter into effective and comprehensive agreements with the United States to end the use of tied aid credits for exports, and to limit and govern the use of export credit subsidies generally. NEGOTIATING MANDATE SEC. 643. The President shall vigorously pursue negotiations to Presidential limit and set rules for the use of tied aid for exports. The negotiating action. objectives of the United States should include reaching 12 u s e 635p. agreements— (1) to define the various forms of tied aid credit, particularly mixed credits under the Arrangement on Guidelines for Offi- cially Supported Export Credits established through the Organi- zation for Economic Cooperation and Development (hereinafter in this part referred to as the "Arrangement'); (2) to phase out the use of government-mixed credits by a date certain; (3) to set rules governing the use of public-private cofinancing, or other forms of mixed financing, which may have the same result as government-mixed credits of drawing on concessional development assistance to produce subsidized export financing; (4) to raise the threshold for notification of the use of tied aid credit to a 50 per centum level of concessionality; (5) to improve notification procedures so that advance notifi- cation must be given on all uses of tied aid credit; and (6) to prohibit the use of tied aid credit for production facili- ties for goods which are in structural oversupply in the world.
97 STAT. 1264 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ESTABUSHMENT OF A TIED AID CREDIT PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES EXPORT-IMPORT BANK 12 u s e 635q. SEC. 644. (aXD The Chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United States shall establish, within the Export-Import Bank of the United States, a program of tied aid credits for United States exports. Cooperation (2) The program shall be carried out in cooperation with the with AID. Agency for International Development and with private financial institutions or entities, as appropriate. Program (3) The program may include— inclusions. (A) the combined use of the credits, loans, or guarantees offered by the Export-Import Bank of the United States with concessional financing or grants offered by the Agency for International Development, by methods including the blending of the financing of, or parallel financing by, the Bank and the Agency for International Development; and (B) the combined use of credits, loans, or guarantees offered by the Bank, with financing offered by private financial institu- tions or entities, by methods including the blending of the financing of, or parallel financing by, the Bank and private institutions or entities. (b) The purpose of the tied aid credit program under this section is to offer or arrange for financing for the export of United States goods and services which is substantially as concessional as foreign financing for which there is reasonable proof that such foreign financing is being offered to, or arranged for, a bona fide foreign competitor for a United States export sale. (c) The Chairman of the Bank is authorized to establish a fund, as necessary, for canying out the tied aid credit program described in this section. Congressional (d) Concessional financing or grants offered by the Agency for financing or International Development for the purposes of the mixed financing grants. program established under this section shall be made available in accordance with the provisions of subsections (c) and (d) of section 645 of this Act. ESTABLISHMENT OF A TIED AID CREDIT PROGRAM IN THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 12 u s e 635r. SEC. 645. (a) The Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall establish within the Agency a program of tied aid credits for United States exports. The program shall be carried out in cooperation with the Export-Import Bank of the United States and with private financial institutions or entities, as appro- Program priate. The program may include— inclusions. (1) the combined use of the credits, loans, or guarantees offered by the Bank with concessional financing or grants offered by the Agency for International Development, by meth- ods including the blending of the financing of, or parallel financing by, the Bank and the Agency for International Devel- opment; and (2) the combination of concessional financing or grants offered by the Agency for International Development with financing offered by private financial institutions or entities, by methods including the blending of the financing of, or parallel financing
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. by, the Agency for International Development and private insti- tutions or entities. (b) These funds may be combined with financing by the Export- Combined Import Bank of the United States or private commercial financing funding, in order to offer, or arrange for, financing for the exportation of United States goods and services which is substantially as conces- sional as foreign financing for which there is reasonable proof that such foreign financing is being offered to, or arranged for, a bona fide foreign competitor for a United States export sale. (cXD Funds of the agency for International Development which are used to carry out a tied aid credit program authorized by subsections (a) and (b) shall be offered only to finance United States exports which can reasonably be expected to contribute to the advancement of the development objectives of the importing country or countries, and shall be consistent with the economic, security, and political criteria used to establish country allocations of Eco- nomic Support Funds. (2) The Administrator of the Agency for International Develop- ment is authorized to establish a fund, as necessary, for carrying out a tied aid credit financing program as described in this section. (d) The Administrator of the Agency for International Develop- Allocations. ment may draw on Economic Support Funds allocated for Commod- ity Import Programs to finance a tied aid credit activity. IMPLEMENTATION SEC. 646. (aXD The National Advisory Council on International 12 use 635s. Monetary and Financial Policies shall coordinate the implementa- tion of the tied aid credit programs authorized by sections 644 and 645. Ante, p. 1264. (2) No financing may be approved under the tied aid credit programs authorized by section 644 or section 645 without the unanimous consent of the members of the National Advisory Coun- cil on International Monetary and Financial Policies. DEFINITIONS SEC. 647. For purposes of this part— 12 use 635t. (1) the term 'tied aid credit" means credit— (A) which is provided for development aid purposes; (B) which is tied to the purchase of exports from the country granting the credit; (C) which is financed either exclusively from public funds, or, as a mixed credit, partly from public and partly from private funds; and (D) which has a grant element, as defined by the Develop- ment Assistance Committee of the Organization for Eco- nomic Cooperation and Development, greater than zero percent; (2) the term "government-mixed credits" means the combined use of credits, insurance, and guarantees offered by the Export- Import Bank of the United States with concessional financing or grants offered by the Agency for International Development to finance exports; (3) the term "public-private cofinancing" means the combined use of either official development assistance or official export credit with private commercial credit to finance exports;
97 STAT. 1266 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (4) t h e t e r m "blending of financings" means the use of various combinations of official development assistance, official export credit, a n d private commercial credit, integrated into a single package with a single set of financial terms, to finance exports; (5) t h e term "parallel financing" means t h e related use of various combinations of separate lines of official development assistance, official export credits, a n d private commercial credit, not combined into a single package with a single set of finsmcial terms, to finance exports; emd (6) t h e t e r m "Bank" means t h e Export-Import Bank of t h e United States. 19 u s e 1671a. SEC. 650. (a) Section 702 of t h e Tariff Act of 1930 a s amended, is amended by adding after subsection 702(bX2) a new subsection 702(bX3) as follows: "(3) PETITION BASED U P O N A DEROGATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL Publication in UNDERTAKING O N OFFICIAL EXPORT CREDITS.—If t h e sole basis of a Federal petition filed under subsection 702(bXl) is t h e derogation of a n Register. international undertaking on official export credits, the Administer- ing Authority shall immediately notify t h e Secretary of the Treas- ury who shall, in consultation with t h e Administering Authority, within twenty days determine t h e existence and estimated value of t h e derogation, if any, and shall publish such determination in t h e Federal Register.". 19 u s e 1671b. (b) Section 703 of t h e Tariff Act of 1930, a s amended, is amended by redesignating subsection 703(b) as subsection 703(bXl) and adding a new subsection 703(bX2) as follows: "(2) Notwithstanding subsection (bXD, when t h e petition is one subject to subsection 702(bX3), t h e Administering Authority shall, taking into account t h e n a t u r e of t h e subsidy concerned, make t h e determination required by subsection 703(bXl) on £m expedited basis and within 85 days after t h e date on which t h e petition is filed under section 702(b) unless t h e provisions of section 703(c) apply.". (c) Title VII of t h e Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by adding a t the end thereof the following new section— 19 u s e 1671g. "SEC. 708. Nothing in this title shall be interpreted as superseding the provisions of section 1912 of t h e Export-Import Bank Act 12 u s e 635a-3. Amendments of 1978, except t h a t in t h e event of a n assessment of 19 u s e 1671e. duty based on a derogation under section 706 or action under section 19 u s e 1671b. 703(dX2), t h e Secretary of the Treasury shall not authorize the Bank to provide guarantees, insurance a n d credits to competing United States sellers pursuant to section 1912 of such Act.". TITLE VII—MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE ACT AMENDMENTS SEC. 701. (a) Sections 304, 310, and 311 of t h e Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 (12 U.S.C. 2803, 2809, and 2810) a r e amended by striking out "standard metropolitan statistical a r e a " wherever it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "primary metropolitan statisti- cal area, metropolitan statistical area, or consolidated metropolitan statistical area t h a t is not comprised of designated primary metro- politan statistical areas". (b) Section 308 of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 (12 U.S.C. 2807) is amended by striking out "standard metropolitan statistical areas" wherever it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "primary metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan statistical
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1267 areas, or consolidated metropolitan statistical areas that are not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas", (c) Section 203(1) of the Depository Institutions Management In- terlocks Act (12 U.S.C. 3202(1)) is amended by striking out "standard metropolitan statistical area" and inserting in lieu thereof "primary metropolitan statistical area, the same metropolitan statistical area, or the same consolidated metropolitan statistical area that is not comprised of designated primary metropolitan statistical areas". MEMBERS TO SERVE UNTIL SUCCESSORS ARE APPOINTED SEC. 702. (a) Section 2 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1812) is amended by inserting after the third sentence the following: "Each such appointive member may continue to serve after the expiration of his term until a successor has been appointed and qualified.". (b) Section 17(a) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1436(a)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: 12 u s e 1437. "Upon the expiration of the term of office of a member of the Board, such member may continue to serve until a successor has been appointed and qualified.". DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT EXTENSION SEC. 703. The first sentence of Section 717(a) of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2166(a)) is amended by Ante, p. 53. striking out "September 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "March 30, 1984". TITLE VIII—INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND PROMOTING CONDITIONS FOR EXCHANGE RATE STABILITY SEC. 801. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: PROMOTING CONDITIONS FOR EXCHANGE RATE STABIUTY "SEC. 40. (a) In order to help assure that the resources provided Initiatives by under section 41 are used to support pro-growth policies which will Treasury Secretary. help establish the economic conditions necessary for more appropri- 22 u s e 286y. ate financial and exchange rate alignment and stability, it is the Post, p. 1268. sense of Congress that the Secretary of the Treasury shall— "(1) in consultation with the Secretary of State and the United States Trade Representative, initiate discussions with other countries regarding the economic dislocations which result from structural exchange rate imbalances; and "(2) instruct the United States Executive Director of the Fund to work for adoption of policies in the Fund, both within the framework of article IV (of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund) consultations and with respect to the conditions associated with Fund-supported balance of pajonents adjust- ments programs, which promote conditions contributing to the stability of exchange rates and avoid the manipulation of ex- change rates between major currencies. Among other initia- tives, the Secretary of the Treasury shall propose strengthening the article IV consultation procedures of the Fund to attempt to
97 STAT. 1268 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 ensure t h a t countries which are artificially maintaining under- valued or overvalued rates of exchange agree to adopt market determined exchange rates. Assistance "(b) In determining his vote on extensions of assistance to any extensions. Fund borrower, the United States Executive Director of the Fund shall take into account whether such borrower's policies are consist- ent with the requirements of article IV of the Articles of Agreement of t h e Fund.". QUOTA INCREASE SEC. 802. (a) The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended— 22 u s e 286e-2. (1) in section 17(a)— (A) by striking out "decision of J a n u a r y 5, 1962," and inserting in lieu thereof "decisions of J a n u a r y 5, 1962, and February 24, 1983, as amended in accordance with their terms,"; and (B) by striking out "not to exceed $2,000,000,000 outstand- ing at any one time," and inserting in lieu thereof "in an amount not to exceed t h e equivalent of 4,250,000,000 Spe- cied Drawing Rights, limited to such amounts as are pro- vided in advance in appropriations Acts, except t h a t prior to activation, the Secretary of t h e Treasury shall certify t h a t supplementary resources are needed to forestall or cope with an impairment of t h e international monetary system and t h a t t h e Fund has fully explored other means of funding,"; Supplementary (2) in section 17(b), by striking out "$2,000,000,000," and resources. inserting in lieu thereof "4,250,000,000 Special Drawing Rights, except t h a t prior to activation, the Secretary of the Treasury shall certify whether supplementary resources are needed to forestall or cope with an impairment of the international mone- tary system and t h a t t h e Fund has fully explored other means of funding,"; (3) by adding a t t h e end of section 17 t h e following: "(d) Unless t h e Congress by law so authorizes, neither the Presi- dent, t h e Secretary of t h e Treasuiy, nor any other person acting on behalf of the United States, may instruct the United States Execu- tive Director to t h e Fund to consent to any amendment to t h e Decision of February 24, 1983, of t h e Executive Directors of t h e Fund, if t h e adoption of such a m e n d m e n t would significantly alter the amount, terms, or conditions of participation by t h e United States in t h e General Arrangements to Borrow."; and (4) by adding at t h e end thereof the following: QUOTA INCREASE 22 u s e 286e-li. "SEC. 41. (a) The United States Governor of the Fund is authorized to consent to an increase in the quota of t h e United States in t h e Fund equivalent to 5,310,800,000 Special Drawing Rights, limited to such amounts as a r e provided in advance in appropriations Acts. eonsultation "(bXD The Secretary of t h e Treasury shall consult with t h e chair- with m a n and t h e ranking minority member of— congressional "(A) the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs committees. and t h e Committee on Appropriations of t h e House of Repre- sentatives, and any appropriate subcommittee of each such committee; and
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1269 "(B) the committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate, and any appropriate subcommittee of each such committee, for purposes of discussing the position of the executive branch and the views of the Congress with respect to any international negotia- tions being held to consider any future quota increase for the International Monetary Fund which may involve an increased con- tribution, subscription, or loan by the United States. "(2) Such consultation shall be made— "(A) not later than thirty days before the initiation of such international negotiations; "(B) during the period in which such negotiations are being held, in a frequent and timely manner; and "(C) before a session of such negotiations is held at which the United States representatives may agree to such quota increase. COLLECTION AND EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION ON MONETARY AND FINANCIAL PROBLEMS "SEC. 42. (a) It is the sense of the Congress that— 22 USC 286z. "(1) the lack of sufficient information currently available to allow members of the Fund to make sound and prudent deci- sions concerning their public and private sector international borrowing, and to allow lenders to make sound and prudent decisions concerning their international lending, threatens the stability of the international monetary system; and "(2) in recognition of the Fund's duties, as provided particu- larly by article VIII of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund, to act as a center for the collection and exchange of information on monetary and financial problems, the Fund should adopt neces- sary and appropriate measures to ensure that more complete and timely financial information will be available. "(b) To this end, the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of the Fund to initiate discussions with other directors of the Fund and with Fund management, and to propose and vote for, the adoption of procedures, within the Fund— "(1) to collect and disseminate information, on a quarterly basis, from and to Fund members, and to such other persons as the Fund deems appropriate, concerning— "(A) the extension of credit by banks or nonbanks to private and public entities, including all government enti- ties, instrumentalities, and central banks of member coun- tries; and "(B) the receipt of such credit by those private and public entities of member countries, where such banks or non- banks are not principally established within the borders of the member country to which the credits are extended; and "(2) to disseminate publicly information which is developed in the course of the Fund's collection, and to review and comment on efforts which the Fund determines would serve to enhance the informational base upon which international borrowing and lending decisions are taken. "(c) For purposes of this section, the term 'credit' includes— "Credit." "(1) outstanding loans to private and public entities, including government entities, instrumentalities, and central banks of any member, and
97 STAT. 1270 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(2) unused lines of credit which have been made available to those private and public entities of any member, where such loans or lines of credit are repayable in freely convert- ible currency. Presidential "(d) The President is authorized to use the authority provided authority. under section 8 of this Act to require any person (as defined in such 22 use 286f. section) subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to provide such information as the Fund determines to be necessary in order to carry out the provisions of this section.". SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHTS SEC. 803. Section 6 of the Special Drawing Rights Act (22 U.S.C. 286q) is amended— (1) by inserting "(a)" after "SEC. 6."; and Consultations (2) by adding at the end thereof the following: with Treasury "(bXD Neither the President nor any person or agency shall on Secretary and congressional behalf of the United States vote to allocate Special Drawing Rights committees. under article XVIII, sections 2 and 3, of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund without consultations by the Secretary of the Treasury at least 90 days prior to any such vote, with the Chairman §ind ranking minority members of the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the appropriate subcommittees there- of. "(2) Such consultations shall include an explanation of the consist- ency of such proposal to allocate with the requirements of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund, in particular the requirement that in all its decisions with respect to allocation of Special Drawing Rights, the Fund shall 'seek to meet the long-term global need, as and when it arises, to supplement existing reserve assets in such manner as will promote the attainment of its purposes and will avoid economic stagnation and deflation as well as excess demand and inflation in the world'.". INSTRUCTIONS TO THE UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR SEC. 804. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: INSTRUCTIONS TO THE UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 22 u s e 286aa. "SEC. 43. (a) The Congress hereby finds that Communist dictator- ships result in severe constraints on labor and capital mobility and other highly inefficient labor and capital supply rigidities which contribute to balance of payments deficits in direct contradiction of Appearance the goals of the International Monetary Fund. Therefore, the Secre- before tary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive congressional Director of the Fund to actively oppose any facility involving use of committees. Fund credit by any Communist dictatorship, unless the Secretary of the Treasury certifies and documents in writing upon request and so notifies and appears, if requested, before the Foreign Relations and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committees of the Senate and the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives, at least twenty-one days in advance of any vote on such drawing that such drawing—
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1271 (1) provides the basis for correcting the balance of payments difficulties and restoring a sustainable balance of pa)Tnents position; (2) would reduce the severe constraints on labor and capital mobility or other highly inefficient labor and capital supply rigidities and advances market-oriented forces in that country; and (3) is in the best economic interest of the majority of the people in that country. Should the Secretary not meet a request to appear before the aforementioned committees at least twenty-one days in advance of any vote on any facility involving use of Fund credit by any commu- nist dictatorship and certify and docvunent in writing that these three conditions have been met, the United States Executive Direc- tor shall vote against such program. "(b) The Congress hereby finds that the practice of apartheid Countries prac- results in severe constraints on labor and capital mobility and other ticing apartheid, restricted fund- highly inefficient labor and capital supply rigidities which contrib- ing. ute to balance of pa)mients deficits in direct contradiction of the Notification of goals of the International Monetary Fund. Therefore, the President congressional shall instruct the United States Executive Director of the Fund to committees. actively oppose any facility involving use of Fund credit by any country which practices apartheid unless the Secretary of the Treas- ury certifies and documents in writing, upon request, and so notifies and appears, if requested, before the Foreign Relations and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committees of the Senate and the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives, at least twenty-one days in advance of any vote on such drawing, that such drawing: (1) would reduce the severe con- straints on labor and capital mobility, through such means as increasing access to education by workers and reducing artificial constraints on worker mobility and substantial reduction of racially- based restrictions on the geographical mobility of labor; (2) would reduce other highly inefficient labor and capital supply rigidities; (3) would benefit economically the majority of the people of any coun- try which practices apartheid; (4) is suffering from a genuine bal- ance of payments imbalance that cannot be met by recourse to private capital markets. Should the Secretary not meet a request to appear before the aforementioned committees at least twenty-one days in advance of any vote on any facility involving use of Fund credit by any country practicing apartheid and certify and docu- ment in writing that these four conditions have been met, the United States Executive Director shall vote against such program.". ELIMINATION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORT SUBSIDIES SEC. 805. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: ELIMINATION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORT SUBSIDIES "SEC. 44. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United 22 u s e 286bb. States Executive Director of the Fund to propose and work for the adoption of a policy encouraging Fund members to eliminate all predatory agricultural export subsidies which might result in the reduction of other member countries' exports.".
97 STAT. 1272 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 SUSTAINING ECONOMIC GROWTH SEC. 806. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: SUSTAINING ECONOMIC GROWTH Presidential "SEC. 45. (aXD The President shall instruct the Secretary of the instructions. Treasury, the Secretary of State, and other appropriate Federal 22 u s e 286cc. officials, and shall request the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, to use all appropriate means to encourage countries to formulate economic adjustment programs to deal with their balance of payment difficulties and external debt owed to private banks. Economic "(2) Such economic adjustment programs should be designed to adjustment safeguard, to the maximum extent feeisible, international economic programs. growth, world tr.ade, employment, and the long-term solvency of banks, and to minimize the likelihood of civil disturbances in coun- tries needing economic adjustment programs. "(b) To ensure the effectiveness of economic adjustment programs supported by Fund resources— "(1) the United States Executive Director of the Fund shall recommend and shall work for changes in Fund guidelines, policies, and decisions which would— "(A) convert short-term bank debt which was made at high interest rates into long-term debt at lower rates of interest; "(B) assure that the annual external debt service, which shall include principal, interest, points, fees, and other charges required of the country involved, is a manageable and prudent percentage of the projected annual export earnings of such country; and "(C) provide that in approving any economic adjustment program the Fund shall take into account the number of countries applying to the Fund for economic adjustment programs and the aggregate effects that such programs will have on international economic growth, world trade, exports and emplo3rment of other member countries, and the long-term solvency of banks; and Written "(2) except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the documenta- United States Executive Director of the Fund shall oppose and tion to congressional vote against providing assistance from the Fund for any eco- committees. nomic adjustment program for a country in which the annual external debt service exceeds 85 per centum of the annual export earnings of such country, unless the Secretary of the Treasury first determines and provides written documentation to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives that— "(A) the economic adjustment program converts high interest rate, short-term bank debt into long-term debt at significantly narrower interest rate spreads than the aver- age interest rate spreads prevailing on bank debt reschedul- ings negotiated between August 1982 and August 1983 for countries receiving assistance from the Fund for economic adjustment programs in order to minimize the burdens of
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1273 adjustment on the debtor nation, provided that such inter- est rate spreads are consistent with that nation's need to obtain adequate external private financing; "(B) the annual external debt service required of the country involved is a manageable and prudent percentage of the projected annual export earnings of such country; and "(C) the economic adjustment program will not have an adverse impact on international economic growth, world trade, exports, and employment of other member countries, and the long-term solvency of banks. "(c) The provisions of subsection (bX2) shall not apply in any case Warranted in which the Secretary of the Treasury first determines and provides assistance written documentation to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and in certain circumstances. Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives that— "(1) an emergency exists in a nation that has applied to the Fund for assistance that requires an immediate short-term loan to avoid disrupting orderly flnancial markets; "(2) a sudden decrease in export earnings in the country applying to the Fund for assistance has increased the ratio of annual external debt service to annual export earnings, to greater than 85 per centum for a period projected to be no more than one year; or "(3) other extraordinary circumstances exist which warrant waiving the provisions of subsection (bX2).". OPPOSING FUND BAILOUTS OF BANKS SEC. 807. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: OPPOSING FUND BAILOUTS OF BANKS "SEC. 46. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United 22 u s e 286dd. States Executive Director of the Fund— "(1) to oppose and vote against any Fund drawing by a member country where, in his judgment, the Fund resources would be drawn principally for the purpose of repaying loans which have been imprudently made by banking institutions to the member country; and "(2) to work to insure that the Fund encourages borrowing countries and banking institutions to negotiate, where appropri- ate, a rescheduling of debt which is consistent with safe and sound banking practices and the country's ability to pay.". SURPLUS COMMODITIES SEC. 808. (a) Section 4(b) of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286b(b)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "(8) The general policy objectives for the guidance of the United States Executive Director of the Bank shall take into account the effect that development assistance loans have upon individual industnr sectors and international commodity markete— (A) to minimize projected adverse impacts; and
97 STAT. 1274 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(B) to avoid, wherever possible, government subsidization of production and exports of international commodities without regard to economic conditions in the markets for such commodities.". INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION SEC. 809. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Lending policies, "SEC. 47. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United adoption. States Executive Director of the Fund to propose that the Fund 22 u s e 286ee. adopt the following policies with respect to international lending: "(1) In its consultations with a member government on its economic policies pursuant to article IV of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund, the Fund should— "(A) intensify its examination of the trend and volume of external indebtedness of private and public borrowers in the member country and comment, as appropriate, in its report to the Executive Board from the viewpoint of the contribution of such borrowings to the economic stability of the borrower; and "(B) consider to what extent and in what form these comments might be made available to the international banking community and the public. "(2) As part of any Fund-approved stabilization program, the Fund should give consideration to placing limits on public sector external short- and long-term borrowing. "(3) As a part of its annual report, and at such times as it may consider desirable, the Fund should publish its evaluation of the trend and volume of international lending as it affects the economic situation of lenders, borrowers, and the smooth func- tioning of the international monetary system.". IMP INTEREST RATES SEC. 810. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: IMP INTEREST RATES 22 use 286ff. "SEC. 48. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of the Fund to propose and work for the adoption of Fund policies regarding the rate of remuneration paid on use of member s quota subscriptions and the rate of charges on Fund drawings to bring those rates in line with market rates.". BORROWING IN UNITED STATES CREDIT MARKETS Notice SEC. 811. Section 5 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 transmittal U.S.C. 286c) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: to congressional committees. "Neither the President nor any person or agency shall, on behalf of the United States, consent to any borrowing (other than borrowing from a foreign government or other official public source) by the Fund of funds denominated in United States dollars, unless the Secretary of the Treasury transmits a notice of such proposed
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1275 borrowing to both Houses of the Congress at least 60 days prior to the date on which such borrowing is scheduled to occur.". TRADE PROVISIONS SEC. 812. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: TRADE PROVISIONS "SEC. 49. (aXl) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the Fund, United States Executive Director of the Fund to initiate a wide financial consultation with the Managing Director of the Fund and the other assistance policies. directors of the Fund with r ^ a r d to the development of Fund 22 u s e 286gg: financial assistance policies which, to the maximum feasible extent— "(A) reduce obstacles to and restrictions upon international trade and investment in goods and services; "(B) eliminate unfair trade and investment practices; and "(CD promote mutually advantageous economic relations. "(2) The Secretary of the Treasury shall work closely in this effort with the Trade Policy Committee. "(3) As part of this effort, the Secretary of the Treasury shall also instruct the United States Executive Director of the Fund to encour- age close cooperation between Fund staff and the GATT Secretariat. "(bXD The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United Agreements States Executive Director of the Fimd, prior to the extension to any with country of financial assistance by the Fund, to work to have the Fund-assisted countries. Fund obtain the agreement of such country to eliminate, in a maimer consistent with its balance of payments adjustment pro- gram, unfair trade and investment practices with respect to goods and services which the United States Trade Representative, after consultation with the Trade Policy Committee, has determined to have a significant deleterious effect on the international trading i^ystem. "(2) Such practices include— Unfair trade "(A) the provision of predatory export subsidies, employed in and investment connection with the exporting of agricultural commodities and practices. products thereof to foreign countries; "(B) the provision of other export subsidies, such as govern- ment subsidized below-market interest rate financing for com- modities or manufactured goods; "(C) unreasonable import restrictions; "(D) the imposition of trade-relat^ performance require- ments on foreign investment; and "(E) practices which are inconsistent with international agreements. "(cXD In determining the United States position on requests for Requests for periodic drawing under Fund prc^ams, the Secretary of the Treas- periodic ury shall take full account of the progress countries have made in drawing. achieving targets for eliminating or phasing out the practices referred to in subsection (b) of this section. "(2) In the event that the United States supports a request for Report to drawing by a country that has not achieved the Fund targets congressional relating to such practices specified in its program, the Secretary of committees. the Treasury shall report to the appropriate committees of the Congress the reasons for the United States position.".
97 STAT. 1276 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 REPORTS TO CONGRESS SEC. 813. The Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "REPORTS TO CONGRESS 22USC286b-2. "SEC. 50. (a) The National Advisory C!ouncil on International Monetary and Financial Policies shall include in its annual reports to the Congress— Statement "(1) a statement listing all appraisal reports which have been ^^^^^S circulated during the preceding year within the Bank for appraisa s. project assistance which would establish or enhance the capac- ity of any country to produce a commodity for export, if-— "(A) such commodity is in surplus on world markets or is likely to be in surplus on world markets at the time the resulting productive capacity is expected to become opera- tive; and "(B) such project assistance will cause material injury to United States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity; Review. "(2) a review of success in reducing or eliminating import restrictions and unfair export subsidies which have been deter- mined to be inconsistent with international agreements, and which have a serious adverse impact on the United States, or any other member's, exports or employment; Study. *(3) a study for the fiscal year 1984 report of the impact on the United States steel and copper industries of steel and copper subsidies by nations who are borrowers from the Fund; Review. "(4) a review for the fiscal year 1984 report regarding progress achieved in reaching the goal of eliminating all predatory agri- cultural export subsidies which might result in the reduction of Ante, p. 1271. other member countries' exports as set forth in section 44; and "(5) copies of the analyses and any written documentation prepared by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to subsec- Ante, p. 1272. tions (bX2) and (c) of section 45 and a statement detailing the actions and progress made in carrying out the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of section 45. "(b) Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transmit a report to the Congress on the operation of the international monetary and finan- cial system, including— "(1) findings of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, and the Secretary of State regarding consideration of United States membership in the Bank for International Settlements; and "(2) proposals to improve the floating exchange rate system. "(c) Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transmit a report to the Congress with respect to strengthening the role and improving the operation of the International Monetary Fund, including— "(1) ways to maintain realistic, market-determined exchange rates with other major currencies and recommendations regard- ing what can be done to avoid exchange rate manipulation. In particular, such report shall examine the policies of major trading partners which (A) maintain a substantial trade surplus with the United States, and (B) encourage export of capital to
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1277 such an extent that exchange rates do not appear to reflect adiustments based on trade patterns alone; (2) a review and analysis of— Review and "(A) the ability of the Fund to promote real economic analysis. growth and sustained, noninflationaiy recovery, pursuant to its mandate in article I of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund, in countries which enter into stabilization pro grams with the Fund; "(B) the feasibility of the Fund issuing securities in the private capital markets as a means of increasing its resources, either in lieu of, or in addition to, future quota increases, together with an evaluation of how such borrow- ing would affect the credit markets of the United States; (C) the feasibility of returning all or part of the Fund's gold reserves to Fund members or of selling the Fund's gold reserves in the private markets in an effort to raise capital; "(D) the feasibility of establishing temporary, supplemen- tal financing facilities at the Fund; "(E) the feasibility of establishing a Gold Lending Facility whereby the Fund would lend gold to Fund members who would in turn use such gold as collateral for commercial loans; "(F) recommendations for amendments to the Articles of Agreement of the Fund, if any, to improve the role of the Fund in the international monetary system; and "(G) the effect on (i) the market price of gold, (ii) countries whose central banks maintain reserves in the form of gold and (iii) credit markets of the United States as a result of taking any of the actions described in subparagraphs (C), (D), or (E) of this paragraph; "(3) actions which have been taken to carry out the provisions of section 33 of this Act; 22 u s e 286s. "(4) progress made in implementing section 48 of this Act; Ante, p. 1274. "(5) a study on the past and potentied impact of Fund loan Study. quota extension on world oil prices, such study to be done in cooperation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Energy; "(6) an assessment— "(A) of whether under present circumstances a system- atic restructuring and stretching out of developing country debt should be conducted; "(B) regarding the role global recovery will play in solv- ing the debt crisis and what interim financing measures may have to be taken for those countries which have no possibility of continuing to service their debts even in the event of a vigorous economic recovery; "(C) of whether the Fund, which is increasingly being used as a source of credit to finance balance of payments deficits, has adeqate resources to cover all conceivable requests for credit extensions taking into account the quota increase consented to under section 41 of this Act; Ante, p. 1268. "(D) regarding what role the United States Government sees for the Fund in providing finance and credit to the least developed countries who have such a limited capacity to borrow to finance pajrments deficits; and "(E) pursuant to the agreement at the Williamsburg Summit, outlining what progress has been made in the
97 STAT. 1278 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 consultations among finance ministers and the managing director of the Fund on t h e conditions for improving the international monetary system; and "(7) establishing collection, review, comment, and reporting procedures within t h e Fund as provided in section 42 of this Ante, p. 1269. Act.". International TITLE IX—INTERNATIONAL LENDING SUPERVISION Lending Super- vision Act of 1983. SHORT TITLE 12 u s e 3901 SEC. 901. This title may be cited as the "International Lending note. Supervision Act of 1983". DECLARATION OP POUCY 12 u s e 3901. SEC. 902. (aXD It is t h e policy of t h e Congress to assure t h a t the economic health and stability of t h e United States and t h e other nations of t h e world shall not be adversely affected or threatened in t h e future by imprudent lending practices or inadequate supervision. (2) This shall be achieved by strengthening t h e bank regulatory framework to encourage prudent private decisionmaking and by enhancing international coordination among bank regulatory authorities. (b) The Federal banking agencies shall consult with t h e banking supervisory authorities of other countries to reach understandings aimed at achieving t h e adoption of effective and consistent supervi- sory policies and practices with respect to international lending. DEFINITIONS 12 u s e 3902. SEC. 903. For purposes of this t i t l e - CD the t e r m "appropriate Federal banking agency" has the same meaning given such term in section 3(q) of t h e Federal 12 u s e 1813. Deposit Insurance Act, except t h a t for purposes of this title such t e r m means t h e Board of Governors of t h e Federal Reserve System for— (A) bank holding companies and any nonbank subsidiary thereof; (B) Edge Act corporations organized under section 25(a) of 12 u s e 611-631. t h e Federal Reserve Act; and (C) Agreement Corporations operating under section 25 of 12 u s e the Federal Reserve Act; and 601-604a. (2) t h e term "banking institution" means— (AXi) an insured bank £is defined in section 3(h) of t h e 12 u s e 1813. Federal Deposit Insurance Act or any subsidiary of an insured bank; (ii) a n Edge Act corporation organized under section 25(a) of t h e Federal Reserve Act; and (iii) an Agreement Corporation operating under section 25 of the Federal Reserve Act; and (B) to t h e extent determined by t h e appropriate Federal banking agency, any agency or branch of a foreign bank, and any commercial lending company owned or controlled by one or more foreign banks or companies t h a t control a foreign bank as those terms a r e deHned in t h e Interna-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1279 tional Banking Act of 1978. The term "banking institution' 12 u s e 3101 shall not include a foreign bank. note. STRENGTHENED SUPERVISION OF INTERNATIONAL LENDING SEC. 904. (a) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall evalu- 12 u s e 3903. ate banking institution foreign country exposure and transfer risk for use in banking institution examination and supervision. (b) Each such agency shall establish examination and supervisory procedures to assure that factors such as foreign country exposure and transfer risk are taken into account in evaluating the adequacy of the capital of banking institutions. RESERVES SEC. 905. (aXD Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall 12 USC 3904. require a banking institution to establish and maintain a special reserve whenever, in the judgment of such appropriate Federal banking agency— (A) the quality of such banking institution's assets has been impaired by a protracted inability of public or private borrowers in a foreign country to make pajonents on their external indebt- edness as indicated by such factors, among others, as— (i) a failure by such public or private borrowers to make full interest pa)Tnents on external indebtedness; (ii) a failure to comply with the terms of any restructured indebtedness; or (iii) a failure by the foreign country to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) no definite prospects exist for the orderly restoration of debt service. (2) Such reserves shall be charged against current income and shall not be considered as part of capital and surplus or allowances for possible loan losses for regulatory, supervisory, or disclosure purposes. (b) The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall analyze the results of foreign loan rescheduling negotiations, assess the loan loss risk reflected in rescheduling agreements, and, using the powers set forth in section 908 (regarding capital adequacy), ensure that the Post, p. 1280. capital and reserve positions of United States banks are adequate to accommodate potential losses on their foreign loans. (c) The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall promulgate Regulations. regulations or orders necessary to implement this section within one hundred and twenty days after the date of the enactment of this title. ACCOUNTING FOR FEES ON INTERNATIONAL LOANS SEC. 906. (aXD In order to avoid excessive debt service burdens on 12 USC 3905. debtor countries, no banking institution shall charge, in connection with the restructuring of an international loan, any fee exceeding the administrative cost of the restructuring unless it amortizes such fee over the effective life of each such loan. (2XA) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall promulgate such regulations as are necessary to further carry out the provisions of this subsection.
97 STAT. 1280 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (B) The requirement of paragraph (1) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this section. Regulations. (bXD Subject to subsection (a), the appropriate Federal banking agencies shall promulgate regulations for accounting for agency, commitment, management and other fees charged by a banking institution in connection with an international loan. (2) Such regulations shall establish the accounting treatment of such fees for regulatory, supervisory, and disclosure purposes to assure that the appropriate portion of such fees is accrued in income over the effective life of each such loan. (3) The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall promulgate regulations or orders necessary to implement this subsection within one hundred and twenty days after the date of the enactment of this title. COLLECTION AND DISCLOSURE OF CERTAIN INTERNATIONAL LENDING DATA 12 use 3906. S E C 907. (a) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall require, by regulation, each banking institution with foreign coun- try exposure to submit, no fewer than four times each calendar year, information regarding such exposure in a format prescribed by such regulations. (b) Each appropriate Federal banking Eigency shall require, by regulation, banking institutions to disclose to the public information regarding material foreign country exposure in relation to assets and to capital. Regulations. (c) The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall promulgate regulations or orders necessary to implement this section within one hundred and twenty days after the date of the enactment of this title. CAPITAL ADEQUACY 12 u s e 3907. SEC. 908. (aXl) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall cause banking institutions to achieve and maintain adequate capital by establishing minimum levels of capital for such banking institu- tions and by using such other methods as the appropriate Federal bsmking agency deems appropriate. (2) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall have the au- thority to establish such minimum level of capital for a banking institution as the appropriate Federal banking agency, in its discre- tion, deems to be necessary or appropriate in light of the particular circumstances of the banking institution. Failure to main- (bXD Failure of a banking institution to maintain capital at or tain minimum above its minimum level as established pursuant to subsection (a) level. may be deemed by the appropriate Federal banking agency, in its discretion, to constitute an unsafe £md unsound practice within the 12 u s e 1818. meaning of section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. Directive. (2XA) In addition to, or in lieu of, any other action authorized by law, including paragraph (1), the appropriate Federal beinking agency may issue a directive to a banking institution that fails to maintain captial at or above its required level as established pursu- ant to subsection (a). (BXi) Such directive may require the banking institution to submit and adhere to a plan acceptable to the appropriate Federal banking
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1281 agency describing the means and timing by which the banking institution shall achieve its required capital level. (ii) Any such directive issued pursuant to this paragraph, includ- ing plans submitted pursuant thereto, shall be enforceable under the provisions of section 8(i) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act to 12 use 1818. the same extent as an effective and outstanding order issued pursu- ant to section 8(b) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act which has become final. (3XA) Each appropriate Federal banking agency may consider such banking institution's progress in adhering to any plan required under this subsection whenever such banking institution, or an affiliate thereof, or the holding company which controls such bank- ing institution, seeks the requisite approval of such appropriate Federal banking agency for any proposal which would divert earn- ings, diminish capital, or otherwise impede such banking institu- tion's progress in achieving its minimum capital level. (B) Such appropriate Federal banking agency may deny such approval where it determines that such proposal would adversely affect the ability of the banking institution to comply with sucn plan. (C) The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Secretary of the Treasury shall encourage governments, central banks, and regulatory authorities of other major banking countries to work toward maintaining and, where appropriate, strengthening the capital bases of banking institutions involved in international lending. FOREIGN LOAN EVALUATIONS SEC. 909. (aXD In any case in which one or more banking institu- 12 USC 3908. tions extend credit, whether by loan, lease, guarantee, or otherwise, which individually or in the aggregate exceeds $20,000,000, to finance any project which has as a major objective the construction or operation of any mining operation, any metal or mineral primary processing operation, any fabricating facility or operation, or any metal-making operations (semi and finished) located outside the United States or its territories and possessions, a written economic feasibility evsduation of such foreign project shall be prepared and approved in writing by a senior official of the banking institution, or, if more than one banking institution is involved, the lead bank- ing institution, prior to the extension of such credit. (2) Such evaluation shall— (A) take into account the profit potential of the project, the impact of the project on world markets, the inherent competi- tive advantages and disadvantages of the project over the entire life of the project, and the likely effect of the project upon the overall long-term economic development of the country in which the project is located; and (B) consider whether the extension of credit can reasonably be expected to be repaid from revenues generated by such foreign project without regard to any subsidy, as defined in inter- national agreements, provided by the government involved or any instrumentality of any country. (b) Such economic feasibility evaluations shall be reviewed by Review. representatives of the appropriate Federal banking agencies when- ever an examination by such appropriate Federal banking agency is conducted. 11-194 0 - 8 5 42 QL 3
97 STAT. 1282 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (cXD The authorities of the Federal banking agencies contained in 12 use 1818. section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and in section 910 of this Act, except those contained in section 910(d), shall be applicable to this section. (2) No private right of action or claim for relief may be predicated upon this section. GENERAL AUTHORITIES Regulations or SEC. 910. (aXD The appropriate Federal banking agencies are orders. authorized to interpret and define the terms used in this title, and 12 u s e 3909. each appropriate Federal banking agency shall prescribe rules or regulations or issue orders as necessary to effectuate the purposes of this title and to prevent evasions thereof. (2) The appropriate Federal banking agency is authorized to apply the provisions of this title to any affiliate of an insured bank, but only to affiliates for which it is the appropriate Federal banking agency, in order to promote uniform application of this title or to prevent evasions thereof. (3) For purposes of this section, the term "affiliate" shall have the 12 u s e 371c. same meaning as in section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act, except that the term "member bank" in such section shall be deemed to refer to an "insured bank", as such term is used in section 3(h) of the 12 u s e 1813. Federal Deposit Insurance Act. (b) The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall establish uni- form systems to implement the authorities provided under this title. Supplemental (cXD The powers and authorities granted in this title shall be powers or supplemental to and shall not be deemed in any manner to derogate authorities. from or restrict the authority of each appropriate Federal banking 12 u s e 1818. agency under section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or any other law including the authority to require additional capital or reserves. (2) Any such authority may be used by any appropriate Federal banking agency to ensure compliance by a banking institution with the provisions of this title and all rules, regulations, or orders issued pursuant thereto. Violations. (dXD Any banking institution which violates, or any officer, direc- tor, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such banking institution, who violates any provision of this title, or any rule, regulation, or order, issued under this title, shall forfeit and pay a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per day for each day during which such violation continues. (2) Such violations shall be deemed to be a violation of a final 12 use 1818. order under section 8(iX2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the penalty shall be assessed and collected by the appropriate Federal banking agency under the procedures established by, and subject to the rights afforded to parties in, such section. GAO AUDIT AUTHORITY 12 use 3910. SEC. 911. (aXD Under regulations of the Comptroller General, the Comptroller General shall audit the appropriate Federal banking Ante, p. 1278. agencies (as defined in section 903 of this title), but may carry out an onsite examination of an open insured bank or bank holding company only if the appropriate Federal banking agency has con- sented in writing. Audit inclusions. (2) An audit under this subsection may include a review or evaluation of the international regulation, supervision, and exami-
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1283 nation activities of the appropriate Federal banking agency, includ- ing the coordination of such activities with similar activities of regulatory authorities of a foreign government or international organization. (3) Audits of the Federal Reserve Board and Federal Reserve Federal Reserve banks may not include— Board and bank audits, (A) transactions for, or with, a foreign central bank, govern- exclusions. ment of a foreign country, or nonprivate international financing organization; (B) deliberations, decisions, or actions on monetary policy matters, including discount window operations, reserves of member banks, securities credit, interest on deposits, or open market operations; (C) transactions made under the direction of the Federal Open Market Committee; or (D) a part of a discussion or communication among or between members of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and officers and employees of the Federal Reserve System related to subparagraphs (A) through (C) of this paragraph. (bXlXA) Except as provided in this subsection, an officer or Information employee of the General Accounting Office may not disclose infor- disclosure. mation identifying an open bank, an open bank holding company, or a customer of an open or closed bank or bank holding company. (B) The Comptroller General may disclose information related to the affairs of a closed bank or closed bank holding company identify- ing a customer of the closed bank or closed bank holding company only if the Comptroller Greneral believes the customer had a control- ling influence in the management of the closed bank or closed bank holding company or was related to or affiliated with a person or group having a controlling influence. (2) An officer or employee of the General Accounting Office may Reporting discuss a customer, bank, or bank holding company with an official criminal of an appropriate Federal banking agency and may report an appar- violations. ent crimingd violation to an appropriate law enforcement authority of the United States Government or a State. (3) This subsection does not authorize an officer or employee of an Information appropriate Federal banking agency to withhold information from a withholding committee of the Congress authorized to have the information. from Congress. (cXlXA) To carry out this section, all records and property of or Records and used by an appropriate Federal banking agency, including samples property. of reports of examinations of a bank or bank holding company the Comptroller General considers statistically meanin^ul and work- papers and correspondence related to the reports shall be made available to the Comptroller General, including such records and property pertaining to the coordination of international regulation, supervisor and examination activities of an appropriate Federal banking agency. (B) The Comptroller General shall give each appropriate Federal banking agency a current list of officers and employees to whom, with proper identification, records and property may be made avail- able, and who may make notes or copies necessary to carry out an audit. (C) Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall give the Comp- troller General suitable and lockable offices and furniture, tele- phones, and access to copying facilities.
97 STAT. 1284 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (2) Except for the temporary removal of workpapers of the Ck)mp- troller General that do not identify a customer of an open or closed bank or bank holding company, an open bank, or an open bank holding company, all workpapers of the Comptroller General and records and property of or used by an appropriate Federal banking agency that the Comptroller General possesses during an audit, shall remain in such agency. The Comptroller General shall prevent unauthorized access to records or property. EQUAL REPRESENTATION FOR THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 use 3911. SEC. 912. As one of the three Federal bank regulatory and supervi- sory agencies, and as the insurer of the United States banks involved in international lending, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall be given equal representation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency on the Committee on Banking Regula- tions and Supervisory Practices of the Group of Ten Countries and Switzerland. REPORTS Transmittal to SEC. 913. Not later than six months after the date of the enact- (Congress. ment of this title, the Secretary of the Treasury or the appropriate 12 u s e 3912. Federal banking agencies as specified below, shall transmit a report to the Congress regarding changes to improve the international lending operations of banking institutions. Such report shall— (1) review the laws, regulations, and examination and supervisory procedures and practices, governing international banking in each of the Group of Ten Nations and Switzerland with particular attention to such matters bearing on capital requirements, lending limits, reserves, disclosure, examiner access, and lender of last resort resources, such report to be prepared by the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; (2) outline progress made in reaching the goal specified in Ante, p. 1280. section 908(c), such report to be prepared by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and (3) indicate actions taken to implement this title by the appropriate Federal banking agencies, including a description of the actions taken in carrying out the objectives of the title and any actions taken by any appropriate Federal banking agency that are inconsistent with the uniform implementation by the appropriate Federal banking agencies of their respective authorities under this title, and any recommendations for amendments to this or other legislation, such report to be prepared by the appropriate Federal banking agencies. TITLE X—MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK SEC. 1001. The Inter-American Development Bank Act (22 U.S.C. 283 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: 22 u s e 283Z-3. "SEC. 31. (aXD The United States Governor of the Bank is author- ized to vote for resolutions—
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1285 "(A) which were proposed by the Governors at a special meeting in February 1983; "(B) which are pending before the Board of Governors of the Bank; and "(C) which provide for— "(i) an increase in the authorized capital stock of the Bank and subscriptions thereto; and "(ii) an increase in the resources of the Fund for Special Operations and contributions thereto. "(2XA) Upon adoption of the resolutions specified in paragraph (1), the United States Governor of the Bank is authorized on behalf of the United States to— "(i) subscribe to 427,396 shares of the increase in the author- ized capital stock of the Bank; and "(ii) contribute $350,000,000 to the Fund for Special Operations. "(B) Any commitment to make such subscriptions to paid-in and callable capital stock and to make such contributions to the Fund for Special Operations shall be effective only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts. "(b) In order to pay for the increase in the United States subscrip- U.S. subscription tion and contribution provided for in this section, there are author- and ized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, for payment contribution. Appropriation by the Secretary of the Treasury— authorization. "(1) $5,155,862,744 for the United States subscriptions to the capital stock of the Bank; and "(2) $350,000,000 for the United States share of the increase in the resources of the Fund for Special Operations.". ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK SEC. 1002. The Asian Development Bank Act (22 U.S.C. 285 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "SEC. 27. (aXD The United States Governor of the Bank is author- 22 u s e 285x. ized to subscribe on behalf of the United States to one hundred twenty-three thousand three hundred and seventy-five additional shares of the capital stock of the Bank. "(2) Any subscription to the capital stock of the Bank shall be effective only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts. "(b) In order to pay for the increase in the United States subscrip- Appropriation tion to the Bank provided for in subsection (a), there are authorized authorization. to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $1,322,999,476 for pavment by the Secretary of the Treasury. (cXD The Congress hereby finds that— "(A) the Republic of China (Taiwan) is a charter member in good standing of the Asian Development Bank; "(B) the Republic of China has grown from a borrower to a lender in the Asian Development Bank; and "(C) the Republic of China provides, through its economic success, a model for other nations in Asia. "(2) It is the sense of the Congress that— "(A) Taiwan, Republic of China, should remain a full member of the Asian Development Bank, and that its status within that body should remain unaltered no matter how the issue of the People's Republic of China's application for membership is disposed of;
97 STAT. 1286 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 "(B) the President and the Secretary of State should express support of Taiwan, Republic of China, making it clear that the United States will not countenance attempts to expel Taiwan, Republic of China, from the Asian Development Bank; and "(C) the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House shall transmit a copy of this resolution to the President with the request that he transmit such copy to the Board of Governors of the Asian Development Bank. Asian Develop- "SEC. 28. (aXD The United States Governor of the Bank is author- ment Fund. ized to contribute on behalf of the United States $520,000,000 to the 22 u s e 285y. Asian Development Fund, a special fund of the Bank. "(2) Any commitment to make the contribution authorized in paragraph (1) shall be made subject to obtaining the necessary appropriations. Appropriation "(b) In order to pay for the United States contribution to the authorization. Asian Development Fund provided for in this section, there are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $520,000,000 for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury.". AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND SEC. 1003. The African Development Fund Act (22 U.S.C. 290g et seq.) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: U.S. "SEC. 213. (aXD The United States Governor of the Fund is contribution. authorized to contribute on behalf of the United States $150,000,000 22 u s e 290g-12. to the Fund as the United States contribution to the third replenish- ment of the resources of the Fund. "(2) Any commitment to make the contribution authorized in paragraph (1) shall be made subject to obtaining the necessary appropriations. Appropriation "(b) In order to pay for the United States contribution provided for authorization. in this section, there are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $150,000,000 for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury.". H U M A N RIGHTS SEC. 1004. Section 701 of the International Financial Institutions 22 u s e 262d. Act (22 U.S.C. 262g) is amended— (1) in subsection (aXD, by striking out "consistent"; and (2) in subsection (gXD, by striking out "The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall report quarterly" and inserting in lieu thereof "Not later than thirty days after the end of each calendar quarter, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall report.". STUDY SEC. 1005. (a) It is the sense of (Dongress that— (1) the multilateral development institutions serve an invalu- able role in promoting development abroad; (2) foreign direct investment, trade, and commercial lending make a contribution at least equal to that of development assistance in promoting development; (3) United States economic interests are vitally affected by conditions in developing countries; and
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1287 (4) the multilateral development banks already play an im- portant, although indirect, role in encouraging private invest- ment flows. (bXlXA) The Secretary of the Treasury shall conduct a study of how the multilateral development institutions could more actively encourage foreign direct investment and commercial capital flows and channel such investment and capital flows to developing coun- tries for sound and productive development projects through the International Finance Corporation in cooperation with the multilat- eral development institutions or through a new investment banking facility at one or more of these institutions. (B) In addition, such study shall evaluate whether the multilateral development institutions could help increase foreign direct invest- ment and commercial capital flows by insuring that the interests of investors and host governments are adequately protected. (2) The Secretary of the Treasury shall solicit comments on such Comments and study from the multilateral development institutions and shall report to Congress. incorporate such comments with the study in a report to be trans- mitted to both Houses of the Congress within one hundred and eighty days of the date of the enactment of this section. PERSONNEL PRACTICES SEC. 1006. (a) It shall be the policy of the United States that no 22 u s e 276C-3. initiatives, discussions, or recommendations concerning the place- ment or removal of any Inter-American Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, or African Development Bank personnel shall be based on the political philosophy or activity of the individual under consideration. (b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with the Chairman Consultation and ranking minority member of the Committee on Banking, with Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the congressional committees. Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the relevant subcommittees prior to any discussions or recommendations by any official of the United States Government concerning the placement or removal of any principal officer of the Inter-American Develop- ment Bank, Asian Development Bank, or African Development Bank management. TITLE XI—IMF APPROPRIATION IMF APPROPRIATION SEC. 1101. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, there is appropriated for an increase in the United States quota in the International Monetary Fund, the dollar equivalent of 5,310,800,000 Special Drawing Rights, to remain available until expended. (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, there is appropriated for an increase in loans to the International Monetary Fund under the General Arrangements to Borrow, the dollar equiv- alent of 4,250,000,000 Special Drawing Rights less $2,000,000,000 previously appropriated by the Act of October 23, 1962 (Public Law 87-872, 76 Stat. 1163), pursuant to the authorization contained in section 17 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act and merged with 22 u s e 286e-2. this appropriation, to remain available until expended.
97 STAT. 1288 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 CONDITION OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM SEC. 1102. (a) The Congress finds and declares that— (1) the international banking system is currently threatened by a series of national financial crises; (2) the Congress is desirous of finding a solution to the current monetary crisis which will result in a stable monetary system and preservation of a liberal international economy; (3) this solution must be found without placing inordinate pressures on United States credit markets; (4) the breakdown in the Bretton Woods monetary system has contributed directly to these problems; (5) the economic policies prescribed by the International Mon- etary Fund can be harmful to economic growth; and (6) the International Monetary Fund currently holds approxi- mately $40,000,000,000 of uncommitted assets in the form of gold bullion and has not utilized them fully to date. (b) It is the sense of the Senate that— (1) restoration of a stable monetary system is necessary to assure economic growth and to maintain a liberal international economic system; (2) as a first step toward this restoration the Secretary of the Treasury should call for an international conference on the monetary system to investigate its systemic problems; (3) in coping with the current financial crisis, the Interna- tional Monetary Fund should make fuller use of its current assets, including its gold holdings; (4) the International Monetary Fund should revise the condi- tions placed on its loans so as to encoursige economic growth. GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES Of the funds appropriated under this heading in the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appro- Ante, p. 219. priation Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-45), $1,000,000 shall be available for an evaluation of the emergency veterans' job training program. CHAPTER II LEGISLATIVE BRANCH SENATE PAYMENT TO WIDOWS AND HEIRS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF CONGRESS For payment to Helen H. Jackson, widow of Henry M. Jackson, late a Senator from the State of Washington, $69,800. SALARIES, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES OFFICES OF THE MAJORITY AND MINORITY LEADERS For an additional amount for "Offices of the Majority and Minor- ity Leaders", $140,000.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1289 CONTINGENT EXPENSES OF THE SENATE SECRETARY OF THE SENATE For an additional amount for "Secretary of the Senate", $60,000. GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 1201. The Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate 2 u s e 61e-4. (hereinafter in this section referred to as the "Sergeant at Arms") may designate one or more employees in the Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate to approve, on his behalf, all vouchers, for payment of moneys, which the Sergeant at Arms is authorized to approve. Whenever the Sergeant at Arms makes a designation under the authority of the preceding sentence, he shall immediately notify the Committee on Rules and Administration in writing of the designation, and thereafter any approval of any voucher, for pajrment of moneys, by an employee so designated shall (until such designation is revoked and the Sergeant at Arms notifies the Ck)mmittee on Rules and Administration in writing of the revocation) be deemed and held to be approved by the Sergeant at Arms for all intents and purposes. SEC. 1202. Any provision of law which is enacted prior to October 2 u s e 68-4. 1, 1983, and which directs the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate to deposit any moneys in the United States Treasury for credit to the account, within the contingent fund of the Senate, for "Miscellaneous Items", or for "Automobiles and Maintenance" shall, on and after October 1, 1983, be deemed to direct him to deposit such moneys in the United States Treasury for credit to the account, within the contingent fund of the Senate, for the "Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate". SEC. 1203. (a) Section 105(aX2) of the Legislative Branch Appropri- Employee com- ation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 61-1(2)) is amended to read as follows: pensation rates, certification. "(2) New or changed rates of compensation (other than changes in rates which are made by law) of any such employee (other than an employee who is an elected officer of the Senate) shall be certified in writing to the Disbursing Office of the Senate (and, for purposes of this paragraph, a new rate of compensation refers to compensation in the case of an appointment, transfer from one Senate appointing authority to another, or promotion by an appointing authority to a position the compensation for which is fixed by law). In the case of an appointment or other new rate of compensation, the certification must be received by such office on or before the day the rate of new compensation is to become effective. In any other case, the changed rate of compensation shall take effect on the first day of the month in which such certification is received (if such certification is re- ceived within the first ten days of such month), on the first day of the month after the month in which such certification is received (if the day on which such certification is received is after the twenty- fifth day of the month in which it is received), and on the sixteenth day of the month in which such certification is received (if such certification is received after the tenth day and before the twenty- sixth day of such month). Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, if the certification for a changed rate of compensation for an em- ployee specifies an effective date of such change, such change shall become effective on the date so specified, but only if the date so specified is the first or sixteenth day of a month and is after the
97 STAT. 1290 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 effective date prescribed in the preceding sentence; and, notwith- standing such sentence and the preceding provisions of this sen- tence, any changed rate of compensation for a new employee or an employee transferred from one appointing authority to another shall take effect on the date of such employee's appointment or transfer (as the case may be) if such date is later than the effective date for such changed rate of compensation as prescribed by such sentence.". 2 u s e 61-1 note. (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall be applicable in the case of new or changed rates of compensation which are? certified to the Disbursing Office of the Senate on or after January 1, 1984. SEC. 1204, (a) The fifth sentence of subsection (e) of section 506 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1973 (2 U.S.C. 58(e)) is amended by striking out "or Minority Whip" and inserting in lieu thereof "Minority Whip, Secretary of the Conference of the Major- ity, or Secretary of the Conference of the Minority". Effective date. (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall be effective in the 2 u s e 58 note. case of expenses incurred or charges imposed on or after October 1, 1983. 2 u s e 58a. SEC. 1205. (a) The Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate shall furnish each Senator local and long-distance telecommunica- tions services in Washington, District of Columbia, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration; and the costs of such service shall be paid out of the contingent fund of the Senate from moneys made available to him for that purpose. Repeal. (b) Subsection (g) of section 112 of the Legislative Branch Appro- priation Act, 1978 (2 U.S.C. 58a) is repealed, effective on the first day of the first calendar month which begins more than thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PAYMENTS TO WIDOWS AND HEIRS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF CONGRESS For pajTnent to Kathryn Jackson McDonald, widow of Honorable Larry McDonald, late a Representative from the State of Georgia, $69,800. RAILROAD ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES BOARD SALARIES AND EXPENSES For salaries and expenses. Railroad Accounting Principles Board, $50,000, to be expended in accordance with section 302(a) of Public Law 96-448 (49 U.S.C. 11161-11168), subject to the enactment of authorizing legislation.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1291 CHAPTER i n DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF RECLAMATION CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM For an additional amount for "Construction program", $1,500,000, to remain available until expended, for the Secretary of the Interior to construct a new headquarters for the operation of the Valley Division of the Yuma Reclamation Project and to cover the accom- panying relocation costs associated with the move. The cost of this work will be nonreimbursable and constructed features will be turned over to the Yuma Valley Water Users Association for oper- ation and maintenance. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY SUPPLY, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTTVITIES For an additional amount for "Energy Supply, Research and Development", $8,000,000, to remain available until expended, of which $4,000,000 shall be made available to implement the four atoll health care plan authorized in section 102 of Public Law 96-205 and 48 u s e 1681 $3,000,000 shall be for construction and operation of a second small note. community solar energy project on the island of Molokai, Hawaii. ATOMIC ENERGY DEFENSE ACTIVITIES For an additional amount for "Atomic Energy Defense Activities", for Project 77-13-f, $57,000,000, to remain available until expended. Of the funds appropriated for "Atomic Energy Defense Activities" in Public Law 98-50, an amount shall be made available to purchase Ante, p. 247. 4 additional helicopters. TERMINATION OF THE USE OF CERTAIN SEEPAGE BASINS Of the funds heretofore appropriated for "Atomic Energy Defense Activities", $30,000,000 is to be made available for use by the Secretary of Energy— (1) to terminate, within 24 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the use of seepage basins associated with the fuel fabrication area at the Savannah River Plant, Aiken, South Carolina; and (2) to submit to the appropriate committees of Congress, Groundwater within 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, a plan protection plan for the protection of groundwater at the Savannah River Plant to congressional committees. which shall include— (A) proposed methods for discontinuing the use of seepage basins associated with the materials processing areas; (B) provisions for the implementation of other actions appropriate to mitigate any significant adverse effects of on-site or off-site groundwater and of chemical contami- nants in seepage basins and adjacent areas, including the removal of such contaminants where necessary; and
97 STAT. 1292 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 (C) provisions for continuing the expanded monitoring program of groundwater impacts involving the appropriate South Carolina agencies in accordance with the statutory responsibilities of such agencies. (RESCISSION) Of the funds appropriated for "Atomic Energy Defense Activities" Ante, p. 255. m Public Law 98-50 for Project 82-D-109, 155 mm artillery fired atomic projectile, $50,000,000 are rescinded. NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL FUND For an additional amount for "Nuclear Waste Disposal Fund", $12,000,000, to remain available until expended, to be derived from the Nuclear Waste Fund. To the extent that balances in the fund are not sufficient to cover amounts available for obligation in this account, the Secretary shall exercise his authority pursuant to 42 u s e 10222. section 302(eX5) of Public Law 97-425 to issue obligations to the Secretary of the Treasury. INDEPENDENT AGENCIES APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS For an additional amount for "Appalachian Regional Develop- ment Programs", $9,400,000, to remain available until expended, for the Appalachian Development Highway System. GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 1300. No part of the funds appropriated under this Act or any other provisions of law may hereafter be used by the Department of Justice to represent the Tennessee Valley Authority in litigation in which the Authority is a party unless the Department is requested to provide representation in such litigation by the Authority. Vessel Kennedy, SEC. 1301. Within funds available to the Corps of Engineers—Civil restoration for Operation and Maintenance, General, not to exceed $2,000,000 and display. shall be used to rehabilitate, restore, and refurbish the Corps of Engineers dredge vessel Kennedy, to transport the vessel to New Orleans, Louisiana, and there to operate, maintain, and display the vessel for the duration of the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition. Such operation, maintenance, and display shall include the preparation and use of audio-visual and other exhibits to inform the public of Corps of Engineers water resources activities. Water delivery SEC. 1302. The Secretary of the Army is authorized, for a period of to Everglades two years beginning with enactment of this Act with the concur- National Park. rence of the Director of the National Park Service and the South Florida Water Management District, to modify the schedule for delivery of water from the central and southern Florida project to the Everglades National Park required by section 2 of the River Basin Monetary Authorization and Miscellaneous Civil Works 84 Stat. 310. Amendments Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-282) and to conduct an
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1293 experimental program for the delivery of water to the Everglades National Park from such project for the purpose of determining an improved schedule for such delivery. The Secretary of the Army is further authorized to acquire such interest in lands currently in agriculture production which are adversely affected by smy modification of schedule for water delivery to Everglades National Park under the preceding paragraph. The Secretary shall acquire any interest in land at the fair market value of such interest based on conditions existing after the construction of the project described in the preceding paragraph of this section and before any modification of such delivery schedule. The Secre- tary is also authorized to construct necessary flood protection meas- ures for protection of homes in the area affected by any modification of such delivery schedule, at an estimated cost of $10,000,000. SEC. 1303. The Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Water projects, Engineers, is directed to utilize available construction general W. Va. and Ky. appropriations to complete bank protection works at Wheeling Island, West Virginia, in the Hannibal Lock and Dam pool, at an estimated cost of $135,000 and to complete the local flood protection project at Russell, Kentucky, at an estimated cost of $600,000. SEC. 1304. The Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Water project Engineers, is directed to utilize available general investigation funds studies, Calif, and 111. to initiate a study of alternatives to the Mentone Dam of the Santa Ana Mainstem project in California and the flood control study of the Illinois River between Henry and Naples, Illinois. SEC. 1305. Funds available or hereafter made available for the Red Red River River Waterway Project shzdl be used to provide for construction of Waterway Project. a high level replacement bridge for the Louisiana and Arkansas Railway Company near Alexandria, Louisiana, pursuant to an agreement between the Chief of Engineers and the Railway Com pany and upon terms and conditions acceptable to the Chief or Engineers in the interest of navigation and the expeditious prosecu tion of the Project. Federal costs of the bridge replacement, includ ing design and construction, shall be limited to $24,270,000 (July 1, 1983 price levels), with an adjustment to this amount, if any, as may be justified by reason of a fluctuation in the cost of construction as indicated by the Engineer News Record's applicable construction indices, plus the cost of necessary real estate interests to be acquired by the Corps of Engineers, which interests may be conveyed to the Railway Company. SEC. 1306. Section 116(a) of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-611) is amended by adding at the end thereof the 84 Stat. 1822. following: "Those areas of the river between Howard Street and Cald- well Avenue in Niles, Illinois, that have accumulated silt and side bank sloughing should be excavated to the normal align- ment and depth, and the bank rebuilt where sloughing has occurred at an estimated cost of $100,000.".
97 STAT. 1294 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 CHAPTER IV DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE AND PARKS UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDUFE SERVICE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT For an additional amount for "Resource management", $500,000. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE OPERATION OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM Funds appropriated to the National Park Service under this head 96 Stat. 1970. in Public Law 97-394 shall be available to reimburse the Estate of Bess W. Truman for operation expenses, including maintenance and protection, of the Harry S Truman National Historic Site incurred during the period October 18, 1982 through December 27, 1982. CONSTRUCTION Notwithstanding any other provision of law, section 4 of the Act of October 26, 1972, as amended (86 Stat. 1181; 16 U.S.C. 433c note), is amended by striking the numeral "9,327,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "10,500,000". LAND ACQUISITION AND STATE ASSISTANCE For an additional amount for "Land acquisition and State assist- ance", $25,500,000, to be derived from the Land and Water Conser- vation Fund and to remain available until expended. OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For an additional amount for "Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund", $42,000,000, to remain available until expended, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund to provide for the acquisition of private homes and businesses and nonprofit buildings occupied or utilized continuously since Septem- ber 1, 1983, and the lands on which they are located, excluding all mineral interests, and the relocation of families and individuals residing in the Borough of Centralia and the Village of Byrnesville and on outlying properties who are threatened by the progressive movement of the mine fire currently burning in and around the Borough of Centralia: Provided, That all acquisitions made by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under the authority provided herein shall be at fair market value without regard to mine fire related damages as was properly done by OSM in its prior acquisi- tions of Centralia properties. These activities must comply with the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Poli- cies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601, et seq.), but shall not constitute a major action within the meaning of section 102(2Xc) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332): Provided further.
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1295 That no funds may be used to pay for t h e actual construction costs of permanent housing: Provided further, That t h e Federal discretion- ary share shall not exceed 75 percent of t h e cost of such acquisition or relocation: Provided further, T h a t any funds remaining available following completion of these acquisition and relocation activities may be made available to t h e Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to undertake other approved reclamation projects pursuant to section 405 of t h e Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977: 30 USC 1235. Provided further. T h a t funds made available, under this head to t h e Commonwealth of Pennsylvania shall be accounted against t h e total Federal and State share funding which is eventually allocated to t h e Commonwealth. BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS OPERATION OF INDIAN PROGRAMS For an additional amount for pre-kindergarten programs, $1,600,000. Notwithstanding t h e provisions of Public Law 97-257, t h e funds 96 Stat. 818. appropriated therein under this head for transfer to t h e State of .Adaska shall remedn available until expended and may be used for reconstruction of day schools formerly operated by t h e Bureau of Indian Affairs. GENERAL PROVISIONS Funds available to t h e Department of the Interior and t h e Forest Privately owned Service in fiscal year 1984 for t h e purpose of contracting for services aircraft, service t h a t require t h e utilization of privately owned aircraft for t h e contracts. carriage of cargo or freight shall be used only to contract for aircraft t h a t a r e certified as airworthy by t h e Administrator of t h e Federal Aviation Administration as standard category aircraft under 14 CFR 21.183 unless t h e Secretary of t h e contracting department determines t h a t such aircraft a r e not reasonably available to con- duct such services. Subsection (d) of section 109 of t h e Act entitled "An Act making appropriations for t h e Department of t h e Interior and related agen- cies for t h e fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, a n d for other purposes" (Public Law 98-146), is amended by striking out "The Ante, p. 936. limitation with regard to this subsection on t h e use of funds shall not apply if a n y State-owned tide or submerged lands within t h e a r e a described in this subsection a r e now or hereafter subject to sale or lease for t h e extraction of oil or gas from such State lands; a n d " and insert in lieu thereof "The limitation with regard to this subsection on t h e use of funds shall not apply to submerged lands within 30-nautical miles off any Florida land mass located south of 25 degrees north latitude; and". DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FOSSIL ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT For a n additional amount for "Fossil Energy Research and Devel- opment", $1,000,000, to remain available until expended.
97 STAT. 1296 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION SALARIES AND EXPENSES, NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART For an additional amount for special exhibitions, $250,000, to remain available until expended. CHAPTER V UNITED STATES RAILWAY ASSOCIATION ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES Budget deferral, The Congress disapproves the proposed deferral of budget author- disapproval by ity in the amount of $2,050,000 for the United States Railway Congress. Association (deferral numbered D84-20), as set forth in the Presi- dent's special message which was transmitted to the Congress on October 3, 1983. This disapproval shall be effective on the date of enactment of this Act and the amount of the proposed deferral disapproved herein shall be made available for obligation. CHAPTER VI DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE INSPECTION A N D WEIGHING SERVICES For expenses necessary to recapitalize the revolving fund estab- lished under section 7(jXl) of the United States Grain Standards Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. 790'Xl)), $6,000,000. FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE Child care Effective on October 16, 1983, and until April 16, 1984, the Secre- food program. tary of Agriculture shall not reduce or withhold reimbursements, shall not collect or attempt to collect funds from an institution, its parents, affiliates or successors, and shall not otherwise affect an institution's participation in the child care food program (42 U.S.C. 1766), where the Secretary's claim relates to payments made in New York during the period January 1, 1975, through December 31, 1976, by the Secretary to the institution as a participant in the child care food progrgun. AGRICULTURAL STABIUZATION AND CONSERVATION SERVICE EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM For an additional amount to carry out the emergency conserva- tion program authorized by title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.), $7,000,000, to remain available until expended. DONATION OF CERTAIN PROPERTY Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture shall have the authority to donate, without considera- tion, the land, buildings, facilities and equipment at the United
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1297 States Department of Agriculture Plant Introduction Station, com- monly known as Bamboo Research Station in Savannah, Georgia, to the College of Agriculture, University of Georgia. CHAPTER VII DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATION For an additional amount for part B of title IX of the Higher Education Act of 1965, $500,000. 20 u s e 1134d. TITLE n GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 2001. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain available for obligation beyond September 30, 1984, unless expressly so provided herein. SEC. 2002. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the terms "Meat" and "meat" and "meat food products" as used in the Prompt Payment "meat Act (Public Law 97-177; 96 Stat. 85) in section 2(aX2XBXi) thereof food products.' 31 u s e 3903 shall include also edible fresh or frozen poultry meat, perishable note. poultry meat food products, fresh eggs and perishable egg products; and the Secretgiry of Agriculture, out of funds available to the Commodity Credit Corporation, upon proper proof of loss, shall pay outstanding claims for losses resulting from the 1980 embargo on sales of agricultural commodities to the Soviet Union sustained by businesses dealing in pork and frozen hog carcasses as well as edible fresh or frozen poultry meat, perishable poultry meat food products, fresh eggs and perishable egg products. SEC. 2003. (a) Section 4 of the Act entitled "An Act to save daylight and to provide standard time for the United States", approved March 19,1918 (15 U.S.C. 263), is amended— (1) by striking out "Yukon" and inserting in lieu thereof "Alaska"; (2) by striking out "Alaska-Hawaii" and inserting in lieu thereof "Hawaii-Aleutian"; and (3) by striking out "Bering" and inserting in lieu thereof "Samoa". (bXD Any reference to Yukon standard time in any law, regula- 15 u s e 263 note. tion, map, document, record, or other paper of the United States shall be held and considered to be a reference to Alaska standard time. (2) Any reference to Alaska-Hawaii standard time in any law, regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United States shall be held and considered to be a reference to Hawaii- Aleutian standard time. (3) Any reference to Bering standard time in any law, regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United States shall be held and considered to be a reference to Samoa standard time. (c) The Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) is amended— (1) by striking from section 201(e) of such Act "1983" and 45 u s e 711. inserting in lieu thereof "1985"; and
97 STAT. 1298 PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 45 use 748. (2) by striking from section 308(cXl) of such Act "1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "1985". Grenada SEC. 2004. It is the sense of the Senate that the United States rescue. Armed Forces engaged in military operations in Grenada are to be commended for their rescue of United States citizens on that island, and for their valor, success, and exemplary conduct in battle, which has been in the highest traditions of the military service. SEC. 2005. (a) Section 17 of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Ante, p. 32. Act is amended— (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ", or the benefit year beginning July 1,1983" after "July 1,1982"; (2) in subsection (e), by striking out "June 30, 1983" and inserting in lieu thereof "June 30,1984"; and (3) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows: "Period of "(fKD For purposes of this section the term 'period of eligibility' eligibility." means, with respect to any employee for the benefit year beginning July 1,1982, the period beginning with the later of— "(A) the first day of unemployment following the day on which he exhausted his rights to unemployment benefits (as determined under subsection (b)) in such benefit year; or "(B) March 10,1983, and consisting of five consecutive registration periods (without regard to benefit year); except that for purposes of this paragraph, any registration period beginning after June 30, 1983, and before the date of the enactment of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, Ante, p. 1153. 1984, shall not be taken into account for purposes of payment of benefits, or in determining the consecutiveness of registration periods. "(2) For purposes of this section the term 'period of eligibility' means, with respect to any employee for the benefit year beginning July 1,1983, the period beginning with the later of— "(A) the first day of unemployment following the day on which he exhausted his rights to unemployment benefits (as determined under subsection (b)) in such benefit year; or "(B) the date of the enactment of the Supplemental Appropri- ations Act, 1984, and consisting of five consecutive registration periods; except that no such period of eligibility shall include any registration period beginning after June 30,1984.". 45 u s e 368 note. (b) The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to days of unemployment during any registration period beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act. Ante, p. 32. (c) Amounts appropriated under section 102(b) of Public Law 98-8 shall remain available without regard to fiscal year limitation for purposes of canying out the amendments made by this section, and amounts appropriated under such section into the railroad unem- plo3nnent insurance account in the Unemployment Trust Fund may be transferred into the railroad unemployment insurance adminis- tration account in the Unemployment Trust Fund as may be neces- sary to carry out the amendments made by this section (as determined by the Railroad Retirement Board). SEC. 2006. The first paragraph under the heading "Community development grants" in the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1984 (Public Ante, p. 222. Law 98-45) is hereby amended by striking out the period at the end thereof, and inserting the following: ": Provided further, That any unit of general local government which was classified as an urban
PUBLIC LAW 98-181—NOV. 30, 1983 97 STAT. 1299 county in fiscal year 1983 pursuant to section 102(aX6) of the Hous- ing and Community Development Act of 1974, as amended, shall Ante, p. 1160. continue to be classified as an urban county for the purposes of the allocation of funds provided therein for fiscal year 1984.". This Act may be cited as the "Supplemental Appropriations Act, Short title. 1984". Approved November 30, 1983. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—H.R. 3959 (H.R. 1) (H.R. 2957) (S. 695) (S. 869) (S. 1310): HOUSE REPORTS: No. 98-123 and Pt. 2 accompanying H.R. 1, No. 98-175 accompa- nying H.R. 2957 all from (Comm. on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs), No. 98-375 (Comm. on Appropriations) and No. 98-551 (Comm. of Conference) both accompanying H.R. 3959. SENATE REPORTS: No. 98-35 accompanying S. 695, No. 98-127 accompanying S. 1310, No. 98-183 accompanying S. 869 all from (Comm. on Foreign Relations), No. 98-111 accompanying S. 869, No. 98-122 accompanying S. 695 both from (Comm. on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs), and No. 98-275 accompanying H.R. 3959 (Comm. on Appropriations). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 129 (1983): June 7, 8, S. 695 considered and passed Senate. July 11-13, H.R. 1 considered and passed House. July 25, 26, 29, Aug. 3, H.R. 2957 considered and passed House; passage vacated and S. 695, amended, passed in lieu. Sept. 23, S. 869 considered and passed Senate. Oct. 5, H.R. 3959 considered and passed House. Oct. 25-27, considered and passed Senate, amended. Nov. 16, House agreed to conference report; concurred in certain Senate amendments and in others with amendments. Nov. 17, Senate agreed to conference report; concurred in House amendments and in another with an amendment. Nov. 18, House concurred in Senate amendment. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 19, No. 48 (1983): Nov. 30, Presidential statement.