Authorizes supplemental appropriations for FY 1985 for:
(1) foreign military sales credits;
(2) military assistance programs;
(3) international military education and training; and
(4) the Economic Support Fund. Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to add El Salvador and Honduras to the list of countries which are authorized to have more than six members of the U.S. armed forces in their countries.
Authorizes supplemental appropriations for FY 1985 for:
(1) agricultural development programs in rural areas;
(2) population planning programs;
(3) health programs;
(4) education and human resources development;
(5) development of indigenous energy resources; and
(6) operating expenses for the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance programs.
Increases the ceiling on outstanding worldwide housing guarantees.
Authorizes supplemental appropriations for FY 1985 to carry out the Peace Corps Act. Authorizes supplemental appropriations for FY 1984 for the following programs in Central America:
(1) health programs;
(2) education and human resources development;
(3) development of indigenous energy resources; and
(4) Economic Support Fund programs.
Authorizes supplemental appropriations:
(1) to carry out the purposes of the Peace Corps Act with respect to Central America for FY 1984;
(2) for the guaranty reserve fund for FY 1985; and
(3) for U.S. Information Agency programs for Central America for FY 1985.
Directs the President to impose conditions on the furnishing of military assistance and economic assistance to El Salvador in order to foster political and economic development and security in El Salvador. Directs the President to report to Congress by September 30, 1984, on the policies of El Salvador for achieving political and economic development and conditions of security.
Lists information to be included in the report.
Authorizes providing a specified amount of military assistance and up to one-half of the congressionally approved economic assistance for El Salvador for FY 1985 if the President reports to Congress that El Salvador has made demonstrated progress in achieving specified political objectives.
Authorizes providing a specified additional amount of military assistance and the remaining economic support assistance if:
(1) the President submits a second report to Congress stating that El Salvador has achieved certain objectives and, since the first report, has made additional progress in achieving other objectives; and
(2) Congress enacts a joint resolution stating in substance that Congress agrees with the President's determination.
Limits the total number of U.S. military advisers in El Salvador at any time to 55, excluding members of the armed forces who are in El Salvador solely to perform medical training or services.
Prohibits the President from using the special drawdown authority with respect to El Salvador for FY 1984 and 1985.
Prohibits providing El Salvador with delayed billing for arms sales during FY 1984 and 1985 unless the President first reports to the Congress that an emergency has arisen which requires military assistance to El Salvador and that the emergency requirement cannot be met under any other law.
Requires that Presidential waiver of the limitations of this Act on aid to El Salvador shall take effect on the date the President submits a written notification to Congress and shall cease to be effective 30 days later unless, during those 30 days, Congress enacts a joint resolution approving the waiver.
Declares that for FY 1985:
(1) all local currencies generated in El Salvador with funds from Economic Support Fund programs shall be deposited in a special account and shall be available only for certain development and assistance programs;
(2) Economic Support Fund funds may not be credited to the Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador or mixed with its foreign exchange reserves; and
(3) not less than one-fourth of the Economic Support Fund balance of payments support shall be in the form of a Commodity Import Program. Lists criteria for such a Commodity Import Program. Requires the Agency for International Development to report annually to Congress on the activities and commodities financed pursuant to such program.
Requires the President each fiscal year, before spending any economic Support Fund funds to provide economic stabilization assistance for El Salvador, to be satisfied that the Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador has implemented or taken appropriate steps to implement the major recommendations contained in a specified study on foreign exchange policy at that bank.
Requires the President to report to Congress on the implementation of that report.
Prohibits introducing U.S. armed forces into Honduras for training exercises and other purposes unless:
(1) they are responsible for providing security at the U.S. embassy in Honduras; or
(2) they are performing functions pursuant to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1981 or the Arms Export Control Act except that not more than 300 members of the armed forces may be in Honduras for such purpose at any one time.
Prohibits obligating or spending funds for U.S. armed forces in Honduras except as specified in this title.
Requires the withdrawal of U.S. armed forces in Honduras who are not covered by the exceptions in this title.
Directs the President to consult with Congress before introducing U.S. armed forces into hostilities in Honduras or into situations in Honduras where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated.
Limits the total military assistance and international military education and training assistance for Honduras for FY 1984 and 1985.
Prohibits arms sales credits and loan guarantees for Honduras for FY 1984 or 1985.
Prohibits obligating funds for military assistance or for international military education and training assistance for Guatemala for FY 1984 and 1985.
Prohibits issuing letters of offer of arms sales and arms sales credits and loan guarantees for Guatemala for FY 1984 and 1985.
Prohibits issuing export licenses for arms to Guatemala and export licenses for the armed forces of Guatemala under the Export Administration Act of 1979 for FY 1984 and 1985.
Prohibits assigning or detailing members of the U.S. armed forces to Guatemala for FY 1984 and 1985 to carry out certain functions.
Prohibits U.S. armed forces from participating in joint military exercises with the armed forces of Guatemala and prohibits spending appropriations for U.S. participation in such exercises during FY 1984 and 1985.
Lists certain exceptions to such prohibitions which are provided only to enable the military forces of Guatemala to obtain equipment and training for civilian engineering and construction projects and mobile medical teams.
Authorizes appropriations for the Economic Support Fund for FY 1984 to be used for bilateral and regional economic assistance programs of reconstruction and development with respect to Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. Authorizes these funds to be obligated only if the President reports to Congress that:
(1) the countries of the region have entered into a comprehensive peace agreement;
(2) a Central American development plan has been formulated; and
(3) a donor coordination group has been established.
Declares that Congress expects that, in seeking such goals, the efforts of the Contadora countries will be encouraged and supported and that the United States will actively assist the Contadora countries in seeking a regional settlement in Central America. Declares that Congress expects that, once such goals are attained, U.S. economic assistance for Central America for future years will continue at a level comparable to the aggregate level authorized by this Act. Expresses the sense of the Congress that:
(1) the President should enter into negotiations with Central American countries to establish a Central American Development Organization; and
(2) to establish a Central American Development Organization should be based upon specified principles.
Declares that the Administrator of the agency primarily responsible for administering the development assistance provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act should be the chair of the Central American Development Organization and should carry out the functions of the chair under the supervision of the Secretary of State. Authorizes the President to participate in the Central American Development Organization. Directs the Administrator to prepare a proposal to carry out these functions and to keep specified congressional committees informed on the development of the proposal.
Provides for the appointment of three members of the House of Representatives and three members of the Senate who shall be kept informed by the executive branch of all negotiations or discussions concerning the establishment of the Central American Development Organization. Requires the President to transmit to specified congressional committees any agreement which the President proposes to sign providing for the establishment of and U.S. participation in the Central American Development Organization at least 60 days before signing such agreement.
Requires consultation with those committees during those 60 days.
Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to declare that the prohibition against providing assistance to governments to compensate owners for expropriated or nationalized property shall not apply to assistance to a foreign government to compensate nationals of that country in accordance with a land reform program if such assistance will further U.S. national interests.
Authorizes the President to furnish Economic Support Fund assistance to countries and organizations to strengthen the administration of justice in Central American and Caribbean countries.
Limits the amount of such assistance and the activities which such assistance may support.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the FY 1984 and 1985 agricultural development assistance funds should be used for a comprehensive rural electrification program in Central America. Authorizes the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance programs to guarantee or insure short-term trade credits which are provided for the purpose of financing goods and services for the use of the private sector in Central American countries in any case where the proposed guarantee or insurance does not, in the judgment of the Board of Directors of the Export-Import Bank of the United States, offer the necessary reasonable assurance of repayment.
Prohibits the agency from providing a guarantee or insurance for short-term trade credits unless the credits are repayable within one year.
Terminates the agency's guarantee and insurance authority after September 30, 1989.
Limits the amount of commitments to guarantee or insure such credits in FY 1985.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should support honest elections in Panama. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should encourage Guatemala to recognize the independence of Belize and to enter into a mutual nonaggression treaty with Belize.