Housing Assistance Programs
Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 to require the Secretary to allocate certain Federal housing assistance on the basis of a formula accounting for the relative needs of different States, areas, and communities.
Repeals the requirement that between 20 and 25 percent of such assistance be allocated to metropolitan areas.
Requires the Secretary to allocate authority for assistance under the housing assistance payment program of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for the rural housing preservation grant program.
Directs the Secretary to accommodate the desires of State and local governments regarding the types of assistance to be provided within the limits of each area's allocation.
Authorizes the Secretary to approve the use of such assistance for existing public housing projects.
Authorizes the appropriation of funds from the Secretary's discretionary housing fund for emergency shelter assistance grants to local governments, Indian tribes, and nonprofit organizations.
Amends the United States Housing Act of 1937 to establish FY 1984 limitations on reservations of authority for assistance to public housing agencies for annual contribution contracts for specified lower income housing assistance programs.
Permits public housing agency annual contribution contracts using a payment standard for family-selected existing housing.
Establishes such payment standard as the maximum monthly rent that an owner of an existing dwelling may receive for a unit assisted under such a contract.
Revises procedures for selecting tenants for such units to establish a preference for families that pay more than 50 percent of their incomes as rent.
Allows a public housing agency to adjust assistance payments to such an owner by up to 20 percent of the maximum monthly rent or payment standard for categories of families or for an individual family, provided such agency certifies to the Secretary that it has consulted the local government and public and determined that such adjustment is required.
Requires the Secretary to establish and publish payment standards for various sizes and types of dwelling units in each market area and to use such standards to determine monthly assistance amounts under annual contribution contracts.
Requires such standards to:
(1) be established at the forty-fifth percentile of rents for recently rented units (excluding public housing units and units not meeting quality standards) unless such rents are found to be excessive;
(2) be adjusted if the appropriate public housing agency provides information indicating that an excessive time is required for assisted families to rent standard quality units; and
(3) include an amount for utilities.
Sets the monthly assistance payment for an eligible family at the lowest of:
(1) the amount by which the applicable payment standard exceeds 30 percent of the family's monthly adjusted income;
(2) the amount by which the unit rent exceeds ten percent of the family's monthly income; or
(3) the amount by which the lower of the rent or the payment standard exceeds a portion of the family's welfare assistance payment as designated by the Secretary. Requires a family to be a very low-income family or a family previously assisted in order to receive such assistance.
Establishes preferences for families which occupy substandard housing, are involuntarily displaced, or are paying more than 50 percent of their incomes for rent.
Authorizes the Secretary to override such preferences and use authority provided for such assistance for families:
(1) previously assisted through annual contribution contracts;
(2) occupying units in formerly assisted projects acquired by the Secretary; or
(3) occupying dwellings to be rehabilitated under the rental rehabilitation and development program set forth in title I of this Act. Limits the duration of the initial term of a contract for annual contributions for such assistance payments to 60 months.
Requires the public housing agency to inspect each unit before any payment is made and at least annually during the contract term to assure compliance with housing quality standards.
Authorizes an agency to increase the assistance payments annually to assure continued affordability.
Requires contracts for such assistance to provide ten percent more annual contributions than the estimated assistance required during the first year.
Authorizes the use of amounts not needed for increases to provide assistance for other families.
Permits a public housing agency to commit up to five percent of the payment standard assistance authority for assistance to low-income mutual or cooperative housing if such commitment will assist in maintaining the affordability of such housing for low-income families.
Sets forth provisions governing payment standard assistance for families renting manufactured homes, spaces, or both.
Amends the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act to exempt the establishment of the specific amounts for fair market rents or payment standards from congressional review procedures.
Amends the United States Housing Act of 1937 to allow the Secretary to establish an income ceiling higher or lower than 50 percent of the area median income when defining "very low-income families" for purposes of the housing assistance programs if such a variation is necessary because of unusually high or low family incomes.
Excludes the value of food stamps from a family's income for purposes of such programs.
Requires the adjusted income of an elderly family to exclude medical expenses exceeding three percent of the family's income.
Requires the Secretary to identify the portion (not to exceed 30 percent) of a family's welfare payment that a family shall pay as a minimum rent under such programs.
Authorizes the Secretary to provide for delayed application or staged implementation of procedures for determining rents or tenant contributions under housing assistance programs as required by specified provisions of this Act or the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1981 with respect to all tenants occupying assisted housing units on or before the effective date of regulations implementing the payment standard assistance program under this Act. Prohibits any annual rent or contribution increase exceeding ten percent for such tenants as a result of such provisions or any other change in Federal law.
Subjects tenants who were not occupying assisted housing on such effective date to immediate rent payment or contribution determinations in accordance with such provisions, but limits any annual increase in their rent on contribution resulting from any future change in future law to ten percent.
Excludes housing assistance from treatment as income in other Federal programs.
Establishes within the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) a Public Housing Accreditation Commission to:
(1) establish accreditation standards for the management of public housing agencies in the operation of lower income housing projects and the administration of Federal assistance;
(2) establish evaluation procedures;
(3) establish sanctions and remedies for agencies that fail to become accredited or that lose accreditation; and
(4) make recommendations to the Secretary on the training of agency officials on distinguishing between preventive maintenance funding (funded as part of operating subsidies) and major systems replacement funding (eligible for HUD discretionary grants).
Directs the Commission to:
(1) determine the period of accreditation;
(2) establish a mechanism for terminating an agency's accreditation and a procedure for appealing adverse determinations by the Commission; and
(3) establish a system of evaluation by public housing agency officials.
Requires the Commission to publish its proposed standards and procedures in the Federal Register for public comment.
Directs the Secretary to accept or reject each proposal.
Requires the Commission to publish final standards and procedures by October 1, 1984, and to begin evaluating public housing agencies by January 1, 1985.
Permits the Commission to charge fees for the evaluation of public housing agencies.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1984 for assistance to public housing agencies for the operation of lower income housing projects.
Sets forth requirements for the performance funding system used to determine assistance amounts, including requirements that:
(1) expense levels be adjusted annually for inflation;
(2) agencies share savings in energy costs with the Secretary;
(3) funds received by an agency from sources other than rents be excluded from income in determining allowable subsidies;
(4) no assistance be provided for vacant or deprogrammed units; and
(5) accredited agencies receive payments for a repair and maintenance fund.
Authorizes an accredited public housing agency to receive a contract providing for operating assistance and replacement allowances for the term of accreditation, not to exceed three years.
Declares that such a contract shall:
(1) require the agency to submit data annually to enable the Secretary and the Commission to determine such agency's compliance with applicable requirements;
(2) grant the agency maximum flexibility to establish and implement financial, management, and operating procedures; and
(3) not be affected by the receipt of additional assistance by such agency.
Limits to one year, with a one-year authorized extension, the length of a contract for operating assistance for an agency that fails to earn or loses its accreditation.
Prohibits such an agency from receiving any other Federal assistance without the Secretary's approval.
Permits the Secretary to waive limitations on the operation of the major system replacement fund in order to correct physical problems.
Requires the imposition of Commission sanctions or remedies.
Directs the Secretary to establish a major systems fund for the purpose of making grants to public housing agencies for the costs of replacing or repairing building systems or improving management systems that are not covered by annual contribution contracts for operating assistance.
Directs the Secretary to provide the maximum amount of comprehensive improvement assistance available to public housing agencies before their first accreditation evaluations to assure that housing units meet habitability standards and that the maximum number of agencies receive accreditation.
Repeals the comprehensive improvement assistance program on October 1, 1985, except for those agencies that have never become accredited due to failure to meet physical quality standards for housing units.
Permits the Secretary to approve the demolition of a public housing project or a portion thereof if the project is unusable and cannot be restored feasibly.
Allows the Secretary to approve the disposition of such a project or portion if:
(1) the property's retention is not in the best interest of the tenants or the public housing agency due to health and safety factors or because disposition allows the acquisition, development, or rehabilitation of more effective or efficient lower income housing projects; or
(2) the portion involved is nonresidential property the disposition of which will not interfere with continued operation of the project; and
(3) the proceeds will be used to pay off development and modernization costs of the project and to provide other types of lower income housing assistance.
Conditions the approval of such demolition or disposition on requirements that:
(1) affected tenants be consulted;
(2) displaced tenants be provided assistance by the agency to relocate to other decent, safe, sanitary, and affordable housing of their choice to the maximum extent practicable.
Prohibits the Secretary from entering into contracts for:
(1) annual contributions regarding obligations financing public housing projects, unless such obligations are exempt from taxation; or
(2) periodic payments to the Federal Financing Bank to offset its costs in purchasing obligations issued by public housing agencies to finance housing projects.
Amends the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 to require that a rental or cooperative housing project be covered by a federally insured mortgage to be eligible for operating assistance for troubled multifamily projects.
Amends the National Housing Act to extend through September 30, 1985, the period during which amounts in the rental housing assistance fund may be approved for such operating assistance.
Amends the Housing Act of 1959 to direct the Secretary:
(1) when selecting projects for elderly and handicapped housing loans, to assure the inclusion of special design features and congregate space necessary for elderly and handicapped residents; and
(2) to encourage the provision of small and scattered group homes and independent living centers for nonelderly handicapped persons.
Allows any project sponsor to voluntarily provide funds from other sources for appropriate amenities if they are not financed or subsidized with Federal money.
Increases the Treasury borrowing authority and authorizes direct loan authority for a specified number of units under such program for FY 1984.
Amends the Congregate Housing Services Act of 1978 to authorize appropriations for the congregate housing services program for FY 1984 through 1986.
Amends the United States Housing Act of 1937 to repeal provisions concerning assistance payments to owners for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of lower income housing projects, except with respect to projects for the elderly and handicapped.
Older Americans' Housing Demonstration Act of 1983 - Directs the Secretary to carry out during FY 1984 a program for the development, demonstration, and evaluation of improved methods of assisting older homeowners who wish to:
(1) sell their homes but are unable to purchase or rent a smaller unit; or
(2) stay in their homes but are unable to pay utility, tax, repair, and maintenance costs.
Directs the Secretary to assure that a broad spectrum of senior citizens, localities, and project types is represented by the groups selected to receive assistance.
Sets forth the required scope of such demonstration projects.
Directs the Secretary to coordinate and jointly target resources with other appropriate agencies (such as the Administration on Aging of the Department of Health and Human Services). Directs the Secretary to submit a report to Congress by December 31, 1984, on the activities conducted under such program.
Earmarks a specified amount of the authority available for the Secretary's discretionary fund for such program during FY 1984.
Amends the National Housing Act and the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 to direct the Secretary to offer to amend contracts entered into with owners of rental housing projects assisted but not insured under such Acts to provide sufficient payments to cover rent increases and changes in the incomes of tenants occupying such projects before enactment of this Act. Amends the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 to revise provisions limiting housing assistance to certain aliens to:
(1) prohibit the provision of such assistance to any family unless the head of the family and the majority of its members are citizens or resident aliens of the United States who meet prescribed requirements; and
(2) authorize assistance to be continued for up to six months for a family found to be ineligible in order to permit such family to adjust its eligibility status or to obtain alternative housing.
Prohibits federally assisted rental housing projects for the elderly or handicapped from forbidding tenants to have pets or discriminating against persons having pets.
Permits a project authority to require the removal of a pet that constitutes a threat to the health or safety of project occupants or other persons in the community.
Amends the Housing Act of 1950 to require the rate of interest charged on Federal loans made to educational institutions for the construction or purchase of student housing facilities to be the higher (currently, lower) of:
(1) three percent annually; or
(2) the Treasury borrowing rate plus one quarter of one percent.