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S.J.Res. 159 (98th): Multinational Force in Lebanon Resolution


The text of the resolution below is as of Oct 12, 1983 (Passed Congress).


PUBLIC LAW 98-119—OCT. 12, 1983                                      97 STAT. 805
Public Law 98-119
98th Congress
                             Joint Resolution
Providing statutory authorization under the War Powers Resolution for continued         Oct. 12, 1983
  United States participation in the muhinational peacekeeping force in Lebanon in
  order to obtain withdrawal of all foreign forces from Lebanon.                       [S.J. Res. 159]

  Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,                            Multinational
                                                                                     Force in
                                                                                     Lebanon
                                  SHORT TITLE                                        Resolution.
   SECTION 1. This joint resolution may be cited as the "Multina- 50 u s e 1541
tional Force in Lebanon Resolution".                              note.

                           FINDINGS AND PURPOSE
  SEC. 2. (a) The Congress finds that—                                               50 u s e 1541
        (1) the removal of all foreign forces from Lebanon is an                     note.
     essential United States foreign policy objective in the Middle
     East;
        (2) in order to restore full control by the Government of
     Lebanon over its own territory, the United States is currently
     participating in the multinational peacekeeping force (hereafter
     in this resolution referred to as the "Multinational Force in
     Lebanon") which was established in accordance with the ex-
     change of letters between the Governments of the United States
     and Lebanon dated September 25,1982;
        (3) the Multinational Force in Lebanon better enables the
     Government of Lebanon to establish its unity, independence,
     and territorial integrity;
        (4) progress toward national political reconciliation in Leba-
     non is necessary; and
        (5) United States Armed Forces participating in the Multina-
     tional Force in Lebanon are now in hostilities requiring authori-
     zation of their continued presence under the War Powers
     Resolution.                                                                      50 u s e 1541
  Qj) The Congress determines that the requirements of section                        note.
4(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution became operative on August 29,                   50 u s e 1543.
1983. Consistent with section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution, the                  50 u s e 1544.
purpose of this joint resolution is to authorize the continued partici-
pation of United States Armed Forces in the Multinational Force in
Lebanon.
  (c) The Congress intends this joint resolution to constitute the
necessary specific statutory authorization under the War Powers
Resolution for continued participation by United States Armed
Forces in the Multinational Force in Lebanon.

97 STAT. 806 PUBLIC LAW 98-119—OCT. 12, 1983 AUTHORIZATION FOR CONTINUED PARTiaPATION OP UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES IN THE MULTINATIONAL FORCE IN LEBANON 50 use 1541 gjjc. 3. The President is authorized, for purposes of section 5(b) of 50 use 1544 *^® ^*"* Powers ReBolution, to continue participation by United States Armed Forces in the Multinational Force in Lebanon, subject to the provisions of section 6 of this joint resolution. Such participa- tion shall be limited to performance of the functions, and shall be subject to the limitations, specified in the agreement establishing the Multinational Force in Lebanon as set forth in the exchange of letters between the Governments of the United States and Lebanon dated September 25, 1982, except that this shall not preclude such protective measures as may be necessary to ensure the safety of the Multinational Force in Lebanon. REPORTS TO THE CONGRESS 50 use 1541 SEC. 4. As required by section 4(c) of the War Powers Resolution, ?o*usr 1543 *^® President shall report periodically to the Congress with respect to the situation in Lebanon, but in no event shall he report less often than once every three months. Li addition to providing the information required by that section on the status, scope, and duration of hostilities involving United States Armed Forces, such reports shall describe in detail— (1) the activities being performed by the Multinational Force in Lebanon; (2) the present composition of the Multinational Force in Lebanon, including a description of the respK)nsibilities and deployment of the armed forces of each participating country; (3) the results of efforts to reduce and eventually eliminate the Multinational Force in Lebanon; (4) how continued United States participation in the Multina- tional Force in Lebanon is advancing United States foreign policy interests in the Middle East; and (5) what progress has occurred toward national political rec- onciliation among all Lebanese groups. STATEMENTS OP POLICY 50 use 1541 SEC. 5. (a) The Congress declares that the participation of the ^°^- armed forces of other countries in the Multinational Force in Leba- non is essential to maintain the international character of the peacekeeping function in Lebanon. (b) The Congress believes that it should continue to be the policy of the United States to promote continuing discussions with Israel, Syria, and Lebanon with the objective of bringing about the with- drawal of all foreign troops from Lebanon and establicLing an environment which will permit the Lebanese Armed Forces to carry out their responsibilities in the Beirut area. (c) It is the sense of the CJongress that, not later than one year after the date of enactment of this joint resolution and at least once a year thereafter, the United States should discuss with the other members of the Security Council of the United Nations the estab- lishment of a United Nations peacekeeping force to assume the responsibilities of the Multinational Force in Lebanon. An analysis of the implications of the response to such discussions for the continuation of the Multinational Force in Lebanon shall be
PUBLIC LAW 98-119—OCT. 12, 1983 97 STAT. 807 included in the reports required under paragraph (3) of section 4 of this resolution. DURATION OF AUTHORIZATION FOR UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN THE MULTINATIONAL FORCE IN LEBANON SEC. 6. The participation of United States Armed Forces in the so use i54i Multinational Force in Lebanon shall be authorized for purposes of ^°^- the War Powers Resolution until the end of the eighteen-month so use i54i period beginning on the date of enactment of this resolution unless ^°^- the Congress extends such authorization, except that such authori- zation shall terminate sooner upon the occurrence of any one of the following: (1) the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Lebanon, unless the President determines and certifies to the Congress that continued United States Armed Forces participation in the Multinational Force in Lebanon is required after such with- drawal in order to accomplish the purposes specified in the September 25,1982, exchange of letters providing for the estab- lishment of the Multinational Force in Lebanon; or (2) the assumption by the United Nations or the Government of Lebanon of the responsibilities of the Multinational Force in Lebanon; or (3) the implementation of other effective security arrange- ments in the area; or (4) the withdrawal of all other countries from participation in the Multinational Force in Lebanon. INTERPRETATION OF THIS RESOLUTION SEC. 7. (a) Nothing in this joint resolution shall preclude the so use i54i President from withdrawing United States Armed Forces participa- ^°^- tion in the Multinational Force in Lebanon if circumstances war- rant, and nothing in this joint resolution shall preclude the Congress by joint resolution from directing such a withdrawal. (b) Nothing in this joint resolution modifies, limits, or supersedes any provision of the War Powers Resolution or the requirement of so use i54i section 4(a) of the Lebanon Emergency Assistance Act of 1983, ^^- 215 relating to congressional authorization for any substantial expan- " ^' ^ sion in the number or role of United States Armed Forces in Lebanon. CONGRESSIONAL PRIORITY PROCEDURES FOR AMENDMENTS SEC. 8. (a) Any joint resolution or bill introduced to amend or so use i54i repeal this Act shall be referred to the Committee on Foreign "°** Affairs of the House of Representatives or the Committee on For- eign Relations of the Senate, as the case may be. Such joint resolu- tion or bill shall be considered by such committee within fifteen calendar days and may be reported out, together with its recommen- dations, unless such House shall otherwise determine pursuant to its rules. (b) Any joint resolution or bill so reported shall become the pending business of the House in question (in the case of the Senate the time for debate shall be equally divided between the proponents and the opponents) and shall be voted on within three calendar days
97 STAT. 808 PUBLIC LAW 98-119—OCT. 12, 1983 thereafter, unless such House shall otherwise determine by the yeas and nays. (c) Such a joint resolution or bill passed by one House shall be referred to the committee of the other House named in subsection (a) and shall be reported out by such committee together with its recommendations within fifteen calendar days and shall thereupon become the pending business of such House and shall be voted upon within three calendar days, unless such House shall otherwise determine by the yeas and nays. Committee of (d) In the case of any disagreement between the two Houses of conference. Congress with respect to a joint resolution or bill passed by both Houses, conferees shall be promptly appointed and the committee of conference shall make and file a report with respect to such joint resolution within six calendar days after the legislation is referred Conference to the committee of conference. Notwithstanding any rule in either reports. House concerning the printing of conference reports in the Record or concerning any delay in the consideration of such reports, such report shall be acted on by both Houses not later than six calendar days after the conference report is filed. In the event the conferees are unable to agree within forty-eight hours, they shall report back to their respective Houses in disagreement. Approved October 12, 1983. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—S. J. Res. 159 (H.J. Res. 364): HOUSE REPORT No. 98-385 accompanying H.J. Res. 364 (Comm. on Foreign Affairs). SENATE REPORT No. 98-242 (Comm. on Foreign Relations). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 129 (1983): Sept. 26-29, considered and passed Senate. Sept. 28, H.J. Res. 364 considered and passed House. Sept. 29, considered and passed House. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 19, No. 41 (1983): Oct. 12, Presidential statement.