Department of State:
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the Department of State for: (1) administration of foreign affairs; (2) international organizations and conferences; (3) international commissions; (4) migration and refugee assistance; (5) U.S. bilateral science and technology agreements; and (6) Soviet-East European research and training. Limits, with a specified exception, the amount of authorized appropriations for such accounts to the amounts authorized above. Directs the Secretary of State (the Secretary) to notify specified congressional committees whenever the Secretary submits to the Congress a request for appropriations pursuant to authorizations for certain nondiscretionary costs and for certain Foreign Service benefits. Authorizes the Secretary, to the extent funds are authorized and appropriated, to pay the U.S. share of the expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East. (Current law authorizes such funds as may be necessary to make such payments to the Department of State.) Earmarks a specified amount of the FY 1986 authorization for administration of foreign affairs for security-related capital projects and improvements and the salaries and expenses associated with security-related personnel. Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 authorizations for administration of foreign affairs for: (1) the National Commission on Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Cooperation; and (2) the American-Australian Bicentennial Foundation. Earmarks a specified amount of the funds authorized for international organizations and conferences for the World Commission on Environment and Development. Earmarks specified amounts of the migration and refugee assistance funds for: (1) refugees resettling in Israel; (2) African refugee assistance; (3) anti-piracy actions in the Gulf of Thailand; and (4) the International Committee of the Red Cross. Declares that it is U.S. policy: (1) to contribute to the International Committee of the Red Cross an amount equal to at least 20 percent of its regular budget; and (2) to support the special appeals made by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Limits the amount of migration and refugee assistance funds that may be used for enhanced reception and placement services. Amends the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962: (1) to authorize the President to furnish aid under such Act notwithstanding any law which restricts aid to foreign countries; and (2) to authorize using migration and refugee assistance to pay for contracting for personal services abroad. Prohibits making funds available to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees unless by June 1, 1986, the High Commissioner provides for: (1) annual audits of the use of such funds; and (2) making such audits available for inspection by the U.S. Comptroller General. Requires the Comptroller General to report on such audits to the Congress. Amends the State Department Basic authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to use funds appropriated or otherwise available to the Secretary to pay for certain expenses. Increases the number of Assistant Secretaries of State from 13 to 14. Changes the title of the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs to the Under Secretary of State for Economic and Agricultural Affairs. Amends the Department of State Appropriations Authorization Act of 1973 to provide that the State Department need not be reimbursed for the detailing of State Department employees to another executive department or agency if the number of employees so detailed at any one time does not exceed 15 and the period of such detail does not exceed two years. Amend the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to employ individuals or organizations, by contract, for services abroad, and persons employed by such contracts shall not be considered Federal employees for purposes of any law administered by the Office of Personnel Management. Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to appoint an individual to a limited appointment in the Senior Foreign Service for a specific position abroad if: (1) no career member of the Foreign Service who has the necessary qualifications is available to serve in the position; and (2) the individual appointed has unique qualifications for the specific position. Expresses the sense of the Congress that it is in the national interest to make more productive use in U.S. missions abroad of the resources of spouses of American personnel assigned abroad. Authorizes the Secretary to conduct a pilot project to test appropriate means of increasing employment of qualified spouses of American personnel assigned to U.S. missions. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress by February 1, 1986, on the design of the project and plans for implementation and evaluation. Directs the Secretary to conduct a comprehensive study on the feasibility and desirability of creating a program of lateral entry into the Foreign Service for American businessmen, farmers, and other occupations. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on such study within 180 days of enactment of this Act. Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to require the Secretary to establish a health care program for the Foreign Service. (Current law authorizes such program.) Authorizes the program to include preventive and remedial care and services as necessary. Authorizes the Secretary to pay for the cost of treatment of a person who incurs an illness, injury, or medical condition which requires treatment while assigned to a post abroad or located overseas pursuant to Government authorization. Authorizes the Administrator of General Services to construct a consolidated training facility for the Foreign Service Institute within reasonable proximity to the Department of State. Earmarks specified amounts of the funds authorized for administration of foreign affairs for such training facility. Prohibits obligating such funds until 30 days after certain plans and estimates are submitted to the Congress. Amends the International Center Act to authorize the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of General Services, to construct facilities in the International Center, including facilities for security and maintenance. Directs the Secretary to advise specified congressional committees periodically on the construction of such facilities. Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service to: (1) conduct investigations concerning illegal passport or visa issuance or use; (2) serve search warrants, arrest warrants, subpoenas, and summonses to conduct such investigations; (3) protect heads of foreign states, distinguished visitors to the United States; the Secretary of State, foreign missions, and other specified persons; (4) carry firearms if qualified and authorized to do so; and (5) make arrests without warrants for specified offenses. Directs the Secretary to prescribe regulations, which shall be approved by the Attorney General, with respect to the use of firearms by special agents. Provides that the Secret Service is not affected by the provisions dealing with special agents. Requires the Secretary, the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury to enter into an interagency agreement with respect to their law enforcement functions. Directs the Secretary to transmit all the regulations governing such special agents to specified congressional committees 20 days before they go into effect. Authorizes the Secretary to provide extraordinary protective services for foreign missions to the extent necessary, except that the Secretary may not provide any protective services covered by the U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division. Authorizes the Secretary to provide funds to a State or local authority for protective services only if the Secretary has determined that circumstances exist which require extraordinary security measures which exceed those which local law enforcement agencies can reasonably be expected to take. Authorizes obligating funds for such purposes only after regulations have been issued after consultation with the appropriate congressional committees. Limits the amount of such funds that may be obligated for protective services within any single State. Requires that at least 15 percent of such funds shall be kept in reserve for protective services provided by the Secretary or for expenditures in local jurisdictions not otherwise covered by an agreement for protective services. Limits an agreement with a State or local authority for the provision of protective services to 90 days subject to renewal. Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out by contract certain functions relating to protection of foreign diplomatic missions. Directs the Secretary to consider matters relating to the protection of U.S. interests in determining the treatment to be accorded a foreign mission in the United States. Expands the definition of a foreign mission for purposes of the State Department Basic Authorities Act. Authorizes the Secretary to require a foreign mission to forego the acceptance, use, or relation of a benefit. Authorizes the Secretary to require a foreign mission to divest itself of or forego the use of real property if the Secretary determines it is necessary to protect the interests of the United States. Directs the Secretary to require foreign missions to notify the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions of any real property dealings by the foreign missions. Authorizes the Secretary to use funds available to the Secretary to pay for U.S. participation in arbitrations: (1) for the peaceful resolution of disputes under treaties or other international agreements; and (2) arising under contracts authorized by law for the performance of services or acquisition of property abroad. Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize the Secretary to transfer Government-owned excess property to any friendly country, international organization, the American Red cross, or other voluntary nonprofit relief agency in order to support development assistance activities which are designed to enhance environmental protection in foreign countries if the Secretary makes a specified determination with regard to such property. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should not accept a gift of any residence as an official residence for the Secretary unless the Congress has had an opportunity to review the proposed gift. Directs the Secretary to study any offer of such a gift and to report to the Congress on the study's findings. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress within 90 days of enactment of this Act on proposals to improve the staffing and personnel management in the Bureau of International Narcotics Matters, specifically whether a narcotics specialist personnel category in the Foreign Service is an appropriate mechanism. Requires the Department of State, in order to ensure that foreign narcotics traffickers are denied visas, to cooperate with U.S. law enforcement agencies in establishing a comprehensive information system on all drug arrests of foreign nationals in the United States so such information can be sent to the appropriate U.S. embassies. Requires the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board to agree on uniform guidelines which would permit the sharing of information on drug traffickers. Requires the Chairman of the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board to report to the Congress, within six months of enactment of the Act, on steps taken to implement such information network. Directs the Secretary to increase U.S. efforts to negotiate updated extradition treaties related to narcotics offenses with each major drug-producing country. Recommends that the Secretary issue a travel advisory warning U.S. citizens of the dangers of traveling in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Requires the travel advisory to remain in effect until those responsible for the murder or abduction of specified U.S. citizens have been brought to trial and a verdict has been obtained. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress periodically on the progress made in the case of the murder of Enrique Camarena Salazar, the investigations of the disappearances of U.S. citizens, and the general safety of U.S. tourists in Mexico. Commends the Ambassador to Mexico for insuring a full and complete investigation and prosecution of the murders of Camarena and for his advocacy of a strong drug enforcement program. Prohibits employing a Soviet citizen as a foreign national employee at U.S. diplomatic or consular missions in the Soviet Union after September 30, 1986. Requests the President to report to the Congress if not employing Soviet citizens at such missions poses undue difficulties. Expresses the sense of the Congress that it is imperative and in the national interest that each U.S. mission to a foreign country provide such support as may be necessary to U.S. citizens seeking to do business in that country. Directs the U.S. chief of mission to a foreign country in which there is not a respect for freedom of the press to actively promote respect for freedom of the press in that country. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should ensure that all U.S. consular offices are equipped with 24-hour emergency telephone service through which U.S. citizens can contact such office. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress within 90 days of enactment of this Act on steps taken to provide such service. Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the U.S. representatives to international organizations should oppose the adoption of international marketing and distribution regulations or restrictions which unnecessarily impede the export of U.S. goods and services; and (2) the Secretary shall provide interested persons with an opportunity to comment on such regulations or restrictions that may significantly affect U.S. interstate or foreign commerce, U.S. policies or programs, or any State significantly affected by interstate or foreign commerce. Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize regulating the activities of U.N. employees (including employees of the U.N. Secretariat) outside the United Nations Headquarters District in a manner determined to be in the best interests of the United States and pursuant to the United Nations Headquarters Agreement Act. Exempts U.S. nationals from such regulations. Requires the Secretary of State to report to the Congress on plans to implement this Act. Amends the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 to require the United States to reduce its annual assessed contribution to the United Nations by a specified percentage for each month in which U.S. participation is suspended if Israel is expelled from the United Nations. Directs the Secretary to seek the adoption by the United Nations and its specialized agencies of procedures which grant voting rights to each member state on budget matters. Limits the U.S. payments to the United Nations or its agencies unless such voting rights are adopted. Limits the amount of the U.S. payment to the United Nations to its assessed contribution for a fiscal year less: (1) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for that year for the Second Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination; (2) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for any other United Nations agencies or conference whose purpose is to implement General Assembly Resolution 33/79; and (3) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for the conference center to be built for the Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Authorizes the President to maintain U.S. membership in the International Jute Organization. Declares that it is U.S. policy to: (1) foster the global commercial communications satellite system owned and operated by the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat); (2) make available to consumers a variety of communications satellite services using the space segment facilities.of Intelsat and any other additional facilities which are in the national interest and which are technically compatible with the use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital space by the existing or planned Intelsat space segment and avoid significant economic harm to Intelsat; and (3) authorize use and operation of any additional space segment facilities only if specified obligations of the United States under the Intelsat Agreement have been met. Directs the Secretary, before consulting with Intelsat for purposes of coordinating any separate international telecommunications satellite system, to ensure that: (1) any proposed separate international satellite telecommunications system comply with specified conditions; and (2) one or more foreign authorities have authorized the use of such system consistent with such conditions. Directs the Secretary to consult with the U.S. signatory to Intelsat and the Secretary of Commerce regarding the appropriate scope and character of an amendment of the Intelsat Agreement which would permit Intelsat to establish cost-based rates for individual traffic routes. Declares that the United States, pursuant to such consultation, shall actively support such an amendment to the Intelsat Agreement. Directs the Secretary, if the Assembly of Parties of Intelsat does not recommend the establishment of a separate international telecommunication system and the President decides to pursue such a system without the Assembly's approval, to report to the Congress: (1) the foreign policy reasons for the President's decision; and (2) a plan for minimizing any negative effects of the President's action on Intelsat and on U.S. foreign policy interests. Directs the Secretary, 60 days after submitting such report, to notify the Federal Communications Commission on whether U.S. obligations under the Intelsat Agreement have been met. Directs the Secretary to investigate the extent of Soviet and Communist disinformation and press manipulation with respect to the United States. Requires the Secretary to report, within one year of enactment of this Act, to the Congress including a recommendation by the President, on the advisability of establishing within the State Department a permanent office of Soviet and Communist disinformation and press manipulation. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should declare persona non grata one or more senior defense attaches of the Soviet Union's mission to the United States unless the President certifies to the Congress, within 90 days of enactment of this Act, that the Soviet Union has apologized for the murder of Major Arthur D. Nicholson and the Soviet Union has provided satisfactory assurances that it will adhere to agreements concerning the status and safety of Western missions in East Germany. Directs the Secretary to study and report to the Congress on the feasibility and benefits of the establishment of a major initiative in Inter-American cooperation in Space, Science, and Technology. Amends the Inspector General Act of 1978 to provide for a Department of State Inspector General. Sets forth the duties of such Inspector General. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the steps the Secretary has taken to provide for an Inspector General. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress, within 90 days of enactment of this Act,on whether United Nations employees are required to return their salaries to their respective governments. Requires the United States, upon a determination by the Secretary that substantial progress has not been made in correcting such practice, to reduce proportionately the U.S. contribution to the United Nations. Requires the heads of each agency using the Foreign Service personnel system to develop a plan designed increased significantly the number of members of minority groups and women particularly in the mid-levels of the Foreign Service. Requires the heads of such agencies to report annually to the Congress on such plans. Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to change the chair of the Board of the Foreign Service from a career member of the Senior Foreign Service designated by the Secretary of State to an individual appointed by the President. Prohibits the Secretary from permitting the Soviet Union to occupy its new chancery building or any other new facility in Washington, D.C., if the Soviet Union does not reimburse the United States for damages incurred by the construction of the new U.S. embassy in Moscow. Directs the Secretary to suspend the restrictions on occupancy of the Soviet embassy under certain conditions. Requires the Secretary to submit to the Congress an unclassified report on the advisability of establishing a permanent office in the Department of State to study Soviet and international Communist behavior that violates the concept of national sovereignty and peace between Nations.