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S. 2048 (99th): R.M.S. Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 21, 1986 (Passed Congress).

Summary of this bill

Source: Wikipedia

The R.M.S. Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 2082, 16 U.S.C. §§ 450rr–450rr-6) is a United States Act of Congress that was passed to designate the wreck of the RMS Titanic as an international maritime memorial and to regulate the research, exploration and salvage of the wreckage. The Act became law on October 21, 1986, when it was passed by the 99th United States Congress.

This summary is from Wikipedia.


100 STAT. 2082                     PUBLIC LAW 99-513—OCT. 21, 1986
                    Public Law 99-513                                                ; ..,       ... *   (s^;
                    99th Congress
                                                         An Act
  Oct 21 1986       To encourage international efforts to designate the shipwreck of the R.M.S. Titanic as
          '           an international maritime memorial and to provide for reasonable research, explo-
    Lb. J048J         ration, and, if appropriate, salvage activities with respect to the shipwreck.

                     Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
R.M.S. Titanic      United States of America in Congress assembled.
Maritime
Memorial Act of     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
1986
16 use 450rr          This Act may be cited as the "R.M.S. Titanic Maritime Memorial
note.               A c t of 1986".
16USC450rr.         SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
                      (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that—
                           (1) the R.M.S. Titanic, the ocean liner which sank on her
                         maiden voyage after striking an iceberg on April 14, 1912,
                         should be designated as an international maritime memorial to
                         the men, women, and children who perished aboard her;
                           (2) the recent discovery of the R.M.S. Titanic, lying more than
                         twelve thousand feet beneath the ocean surface, demonstrates
                         the practical applications of ocean science and engineering;
                           (3) the R.M.S. Titanic, well preserved in the cold, oxygen-poor
                         waters of the deep North Atlantic Ocean, is of major national
   .^ *j^ q M i          and international cultural and historical significance, and
                         merits appropriate international protection; and
                           (4) the R.M.S. Titanic represents a special opportunity for
                         deep ocean scientific research and exploration.
                      (b) PURPOSE.—The Congress declares that the purposes of this Act
                    are—
                           (1) to encourage international efforts to designate the R.M.S.
                         Titanic as an international maritime memorial to those who
                         lost their lives aboard her in 1912;
                           (2) to direct the United States to enter into negotiations with
                         other interested nations to establish an international agree-
                         ment which will provide for the designation of the R.M.S.
                         Titanic as an international maritime memorial, and protect the
                         scientific, cultural, and historical significance of the R.M.S.
                         Titanic;
                           (3) to encourage, in those negotiations or in other fora, the
                         development and implementation of international guidelines for
                         conducting research on, exploration of, and if appropriate, sal-
                         vage of the R.M.S. Titanic; and
                           (4) to express the sense of the United States Congress that,
                         pending such international agreement or guidelines, no person
                         should physically alter, disturb, or salvage the R.M.S. Titanic in
                         any research or exploratory activities which are conducted.
16 u s e 450rr-l.   SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
                      For the purposes of this Act, the term—

                                                               .-;•:? . - . H -r P           -    •

PUBLIC LAW 99-513—OCT. 21, 1986 100 STAT. 2083 (a) "Administrator" means the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); (b) "person" means any individual (whether or not a citizen or national of the United States), any corporation, partnership, association, or other entity (whether or not organized or exist- ing under the laws of any State), and any Federal, State, local, or foreign government or any entity of any such government; (c) "R.M.S. Titanic" means the shipwrecked vessel R.M.S. Titanic, her cargo or other contents, including those items which are scattered on the ocean floor in her vicinity; and (d) "Secretary" means the Secretary of State. SEC. 4. COMMENDATION. 16 u s e 450rr-2. The Congress of the United States highly commends the members of the joint international expedition which discovered the R.M.S. Titanic. SEC. 5. INTERNATIONAL GUIDELINES. 16 u s e 450rr-3. (a) The Administrator is directed to enter into consultations with United the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and other interested nations Kingdom. to develop international guidelines for research on, exploration of, France. Canada. and if appropriate, salvage of the R.M.S. Titanic, which— (1) are consistent with its national and international sci- entific, cultural, and historical significance and the purposes of this Act; and (2) promote the safety of individuals involved in such operations. (b) In carrying out subsection (a), the Administrator shall consult with the Secretary and shall promote full participation by other interested Federal agencies, academic and research institutions, and members of the public. SEC. 6. INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT. 16 u s e 450rr-4. (a) The Secretary is directed to enter into negotiations with the United United Kingdom, France, Canada, and other interested nations to Kingdom. develop an international agreement which provides for— France. Canada. (1) the designation of the R.M.S. Titanic as an international maritime memorial; and (2) research on, exploration of, and if appropriate, salvage of the R.M.S. Titanic consistent with the international guidelines developed pursuant to section 5 and the purposes of this Act. (b) In carrying out the requirements of subsection (a), the Sec- retary shall consult with the Administrator, who shall provide research and technical assistance to the Secretary. (c) The Secretary and the Administrator shall report semiannu- Reports. ally to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation in the Senate on the progress of the negotiations and consultations. (d) Upon adoption of an international agreement as described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide notification of the agree- ment and recommendations for legislation to implement the agree- ment to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation in the Senate.
100 STAT. 2084 PUBLIC LAW 99-513—OCT. 21, 1986 16 u s e 450rr-5. SEC. 7. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONDUCT OF FUTURE ACTIVITIES. It is the sense of Congress that research and limited exploration activities concerning the R.M.S. Titanic should continue for the purpose of enhancing public knowledge of its scientific, cultural, and historical significance: Provided, That, pending adoption of the international agreement described in section 6(a) or implementation of the international guidelines described in section 5, no person should conduct any such research or exploration activity which would physically alter, disturb, or salvage the R.M.S. Titanic. 16 u s e 450rr-6. SEC. 8. DISCLAIMER OF EXTRATERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY. , * r By enactment of this Act, the United States does not assert sovereignty, or sovereign or exclusive rights or jurisdiction over, or the ownership of, any marine areas or the R.M.S. Titanic. >• ^ i?' Approved October 21, 1986. ^ ,...., '•i7-:u -k *•'! ,•- "J- •?• ' A •fii'-i'ili. '"• ar--r' LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—S. 2048 (H.R. 3272): HOUSE REPORTS: No. 99-393 accompanying H.R. 3272 (eomm. on Merchant Marine and Fisheries). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: ,„ Vol. 131 (1985): Dec. 2, H.R. 3272 considered and passed House. Vol. 132 (1986): Sept. 24, S. 2048 considered and passed Senate. Oct. 6, considered and passed House.