Department of Defense
Amends Federal armed forces provisions to abolish the authority of the Secretary of Defense to transfer, reassign, or otherwise reorganize administrative functions within the Department of Defense (DOD) which are vested by law within DOD. States that DOD contains: (1) the Office of the Secretary of Defense; (2) the Joint Chiefs of Staff; (3) the Joint Staff; (4) the defense agencies; (5) Department of Defense Field Activities; (6) the Department of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; (7) the unified and specified combatant commands; (8) such other offices as may be established or designated by the President; and (9) all functions and activities under the control or supervision of any of the above elements. Requires the Secretary, when a DOD vacancy occurs for which a presidential appointment with Senate consent is required, to inform the President of the necessary qualifications of such appointee. Requires the Secretary to annually provide the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) with written policy guidance for the preparation and review of contingency plans. Requires the Secretary to inform the Secretaries of the military departments of DOD military operations and activities which directly affect their respective responsibilities. Establishes in DOD the Office of the Secretary of Defense, to assist the Secretary. Allows officers of the armed forces to be detailed as assistants or personal aides to the Secretary. Requires the Secretary of each military department to cooperate fully with personnel of such Office. Establishes two Under Secretaries of Defense, one being the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, and the other being the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. Requires each Under Secretary to be appointed from civilian life by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. Abolishes the position of Comptroller of the Department of Defense as one of the Assistant Secretaries of Defense and establishes such position as an individual office within DOD. Outlines the functions of the Comptroller, including that of advising and assisting the Secretary in performing all budgetary and fiscal functions within DOD. Establishes the position of Inspector General of the Department of Defense. Adds a new chapter to Federal armed forces provisions relating to the requirement for authorization of appropriations and oversight of cost growth in major defense programs. Repeals Federal law which conflicts with changes made under this Act. Revises Federal provisions relating to the composition and function of the JCS. Includes the following as members in the JCS: (1) the Chairman; (2) the Vice Chairman; (3) the Chief of Staff of the Army and of the Air Force; (4) the Chief of Naval Operations; and (5) the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Requires the President, subject to waiver, to assign to JCS only officers who have served in one or more joint duty positions for a substantial period of time. Provides that the Chairman of JCS shall be the principal military adviser to the President, the National Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense. Requires the Chairman of JCS to: (1) convene regular JCS meetings; and (2) consult with and seek the advice of JCS members and commanders of the unified and specified combatant commands. Authorizes a member of JCS to present advice or an opinion in disagreement or in addition to advice provided by the Chairman. Sets forth administrative provisions concerning: (1) the appointment and term of the Chairman; (2) the Chairman's presiding over the JCS; and (3) other functions of the Chairman relating to the planning of military manpower, strategy, and readiness capabilities. Requires the Chairman, not less than once every three years or upon request from the President, to report to the Secretary of Defense concerning recommended changes in the function assignments of the armed forces. Establishes the position of the Vice Chairman of JCS, to exercise such duties as may be delegated by the Chairman with the approval of the Secretary of Defense. Requires the Vice Chairman to act as Chairman of JCS in the event of a vacancy in that position. Establishes in DOD a Joint Staff under the Chairman of JCS, to assist the chairman and other members of JCS in their responsibilities. Requires the Joint Staff to include officers selected by the Chairman in approximately equal numbers from the various military departments. Requires the Chairman, no later than one year after the enactment of this Act, to report to the Secretary of Defense concerning recommendations for changes in the function assignments of Joint Staff members. Adds a new chapter to general military law concerning the operation in the armed forces of combatant commands. Directs the President to establish unified and specified combatant commands to perform military missions, to prescribe the force structure of such commands, to review periodically and revise such missions and force structure, and to notify the Congress before establishing a new combatant command or significantly revising the force structure of an existing command. Requires all combatant forces of the military departments to be assigned to combatant commands. Provides that the operational chain of command for combatant commands shall run from the President to the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the combatant commands. Allows the President to utilize the Chairman of JCS in the operational chain of command at his discretion. Requires the Chairman of JCS to serve as spokesman for the combatant commanders concerning operational requirements. Outlines provisions concerning assignment by the President of combatant commanders. Requires any commander so assigned to have previously served in one or more joint duty positions for a substantial period of time. Outlines administrative provisions concerning the operational chain of command within each unified or specified combatant command. Requires the Secretary of Defense to provide for the administration and support of combatant forces assigned to each combatant command. Provides that the Secretary of each military department is responsible for the administration and support of forces assigned by him to a combatant command. Repeals the prohibition against consolidating certain functions of the military transportation commands, as contained in the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1983. Provides that when an officer is recommended to the President for initial appointment to the grade of vice admiral, admiral, lieutenant general, or general, the Chairman of JCS shall submit to the Secretary of Defense an evaluation of that officer as a member of the Joint Staff or other joint duty positions. Directs the Secretary of Defense to ensure that personnel practices, policies, and procedures of each military department enhance the ability of officers to perform effectively in joint duty positions. Authorizes the Secretary, when determined to be economically feasible, to provide for the performance of a supply or service activity common to more than one military department by a single agency of DOD. Directs the Secretary to establish within DOD a Defense Agency or a Department of Defense Field Activity to perform any such supply or service activity. Directs the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence, to develop and implement policies and programs to correct deficiencies in the wartime support capabilities of the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency. Directs the Secretary, no later than September 30, 1988, to reduce by a specified percentage the total number of personnel assigned to management headquarters or management support activities in the defense agencies and DOD field activities. Requires a similar reduction of other personnel, also no later than September 30, 1988. Provides that any such reductions shall not apply to the National Security Agency. Prohibits further increases in personnel after the deadline date of September 30, 1988.