Children's Justice Act - Amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (the Act) to authorize a Children's Justice Grant Program. Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary), under such program, to make grants (in addition to other grants made under specified provisions of the Act) to assist States in developing or operating programs or procedures for:
(1) handling child abuse cases (especially sexual abuse) in a manner which reduces the trauma to child victims;
(2) improving the chances of successful prosecution or legal action against individuals who abuse children (especially individuals who sexually abuse children); or
(3) improving procedures for protecting children from abuse.
Permits applications for such grants to be made, as the State Governor determines, by either the State agency which administers funds received under specified provisions of the Act or the appropriate statewide law enforcement agency which has developed a child abuse program which meets specified requirements.
Requires, in order for a State to qualify for such grants, that it:
(1) establish a multidisciplinary task force; and
(2) adopt reforms recommended by such task force with regard to the programs and procedures in each of the three categories described above.
Waives such requirements if a State:
(1) has established a multidisciplinary task force with substantially the same functions within the three years prior to enactment of this Act; and
(2) is making, and will continue to make, satisfactory progress with regard to the programs or procedures in each of the three categories described above.
Allows a State to adopt its task force's recommended reforms in only one or two of such categories, but requires the State to give a detailed explanation to the Secretary if it fails to adopt any such recommendation in any category.
Sets forth requirements and guidelines relating to such multidisciplinary task force and to such three categories of programs and procedures.
Sets forth grant application requirements.
Amends the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 to increase the level of the Crime Victims Fund. Provides that a specified amount from such Fund shall be made available to the Secretary for child abuse prevention and treatment grants under the Act. Directs the Attorney General to make grants for crime victim assistance programs.
Directs the Secretary, through the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, to help States identify effective approaches to achieving the objectives of this Act through:
(1) compiling and disseminating to each State a summary and evaluation of approaches being used, developed, or proposed, along with other helpful materials or information;
(2) developing and disseminating to appropriate State officials model training materials and procedures; and
(3) supporting research projects.
Directs the Secretary, within two years after the date funds are first obligated for this Act, to:
(1) review and evaluate the effectiveness of activities carried out with such funds in achieving the objectives of this Act; and
(2) report to the appropriate committees of the Congress on the results of such review and evaluation and on the steps taken by the Secretary, through the Center, to assist States in achieving such objectives.
Requires that the summary, materials, and information be made available to appropriate State officials within 180 days after enactment of this Act. Sets forth requirements for coordination of Federal programs involving child abuse prevention and treatment.
Requires a meeting for such purpose by specified Federal officials, or their designees, within 180 days of the enactment of this Act and every six months thereafter.
Directs the Secretary, within one year of the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, to report to the Congress on Federal agency coordination of programs involving child abuse prevention and treatment.
Directs the Attorney General to modify the offense classification system (which is used by the National Crime Information Center in its Interstate Identification Index, and by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in its Criminal File and its Uniform Crime Reporting System) with respect to offenses involving sexual exploitation of children by:
(1) including the age of the victim and the victim's relationship to the offenders; and
(2) using a uniform definition of a child.
Amends the Public Health Service Act to provide that nothing in specified provisions of such Act shall be construed to supersede the application of State and local requirements for the reporting of suspected child abuse to the appropriate State or local authorities.