Text of the African Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985
This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on April 2, 1985. The text of the bill below is as of Apr 2, 1985 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).
PUBLIC LAW 99-8—APR. 2, 1985 99 STAT. 21 Public Law 99-8 99th Congress An Act Apr. 2, 1985 To authorize appropriations for famine relief and recovery in Africa. [S. 689] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, African Famine Relief and SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. Recovery Act of 1985. This Act may be cited as the "African Famine Relief and Recovery 22 u s e 2292q Act of 1985". note. SEC. 2. INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE. Chapter 9 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2292-2292p) is amended by adding at the end thereof the foUov/ing new section: "SEC. 495K. AFRICAN FAMINE ASSISTANCE. 22 u s e 2292q. "(a) AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.—The President is authorized to provide assistance for famine relief, rehabilitation, and recovery in Africa. Assistance under this section shall be provided for humanitarian purposes and shall be provided on a grant basis. Such assistance shall include— "(1) relief, rehabilitation, and recovery projects to benefit the poorest people, including the furnishing of seeds for planting, fertilizer, pesticides, farm implements, farm animals and vac- cine and veterinary services to protect livestock upon which people depend, blankets, clothing, and shelter, disease preven- tion and health care projects, water projects (including water purification and well-drilling), small-scale agricultural projects, and food protection and preservation projects; and "(2) projects to meet emergency health needs, including vaccinations. "(b) USES OF FUNDS.— "(1) PRIVATE A N D VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS A N D iNirsR- NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.—Funds authorized to be appro- priated by this section shall be used primarily for grants to Grants. private and voluntary organizations and international organizations. "(2) EMERGENCY HEALTH PROJECTS.—A significant portion of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this section shall be used for emergency health projects pursuant to subsection (a)(2). "(3) MANAGEMENT SUPPORT ACTIVITIES.—Of the amount au- thorized to be appropriated by this section, $2,500,000 shall be transferred to the 'Operating Expenses of the Agency for Inter- national Development' account. These funds shall be used for management support activities associated with the planning, monitoring, and supervision of emergency food and disaster assistance provided in those countries in Africa described in section 5(a) of the African Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985. Post, p. 22.
99 STAT. 22 PUBLIC LAW 99-8—APR. 2, 1985 "(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to the amounts otherwise available for such purpose, there are authorized to be appropriated $137,500,000 for the fiscal year 1985 for use in providing assistance under this section. "(d) PouciES AND AUTHORITIES T O B E APPLIED.—Assistance under this section shall be furnished in accordance with the policies and 22 u s e 2292. general authorities contained in section 491.". 22 u s e 2292q SEC. 3. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE. note. (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to amounts otherwise available for such purpose, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of State for "Migration and Refugee Assistance" for the fiscal year 1985, $37,500,000 for assisting refu- gees and displaced persons in Africa. (b) U S E OF FUNDS.— (1) PROJECTS FOR IMMEDIATE DEVELOPMENT NEEDS.—Up to 54 percent of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this section may be made available to the United Nations Office of Emergency Operations in Africa for projects such as those proposed at the second International Conference on Assistance to Refugees in Africa (ICARA II) to address the immediate development needs created by refugees and displaced persons in Africa. (2) EMERGENCY REUEF AND RECOVERY EFFORTS.—The remain- ing funds authorized to be appropriated by this section shall be used by the Bureau for Refugee Programs of the Department of State for emergency relief and recovery efforts in Africa. 22 u s e 2292q SEC. 4. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ASSISTANCE. note. (a) SPECIAL RULE ON REIMBURSEMENT.—If the Department of De- fense furnishes goods or services for African supplemental famine assistance activities, the Department of Defense shall be reimbursed for not more than the costs which it incurs in providing those goods or services. These costs do not include military pay and allowances, amortization and depreciation, and fixed facility costs. (b) DEFINITION OF AFRICAN SUPPLEMENTAL FAMINE ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES.—For purposes of this section, the term "African supple- mental famine assistance activities" means the provision of the following fiscal year 1985 supplemental assistance for Africa: (1) Famine assistance pursuant to section 2 of this Act. (2) Migration and refugee assistance pursuant to section 3 of this Act. (3) Assistance pursuant to supplemental appropriations for title II of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1721-1726). (4) Assistance with funds appropriated during fiscal year 1985 for the Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)). 22 u s e 2292q SEC. 5. GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO ASSISTANCE. note. (a) COUNTRIES TO B E ASSISTED.—Amounts authorized to be appro- priated by this Act shall be available only for assistance in those countries in Africa which have suffered during calendar years 1984 and 1985 from exceptional food supply problems due to drought and other calamities. (b) "HICKENLOOPER AMENDMENT".—Assistance may be provided with funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act without regard
PUBLIC LAW 99-8—APR. 2, 1985 99 STAT. 23 to section 620(e)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(e)(1)). (c) ENSURING THAT ASSISTANCE REACHES INTENDED RECIPIENTS.— The President shall ensure that adequate procedures have been established so that assistance pursuant to this Act is provided to the famine victims for whom it is intended. SEC. 6. REPORTS ON AFRICAN FAMINE ASSISTANCE. 22 u s e 2292q note. (a) REPORT ON UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTION TO MEET EMERGENCY NEEDS.— (1) REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT.—Not later than June 30, 1985, President of U.S. the President shall report to the Congress with respect to the United States contribution to meet emergency needs, including food needs, for African famine assistance. (2) INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN REPORT.—The report re- quired by this subsection shall describe— (A) the emergency needs, including food needs, for Afri- can famine assistance that are identified by the President's Interagency Task Force on the African Food Emergency, private voluntary and organizations active in famine relief, the United Nations Office for Emergency Operations in Africa, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organiza- tion, the World Food Program, and such other organiza- tions as the President considers appropriate; and (B) the projected fiscal year 1985 contribution by the United States Government to meet an appropriate share of those needs referred to in subparagraph (A). (b) REPORT ON ASSISTANCE PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS ACT.— (1) REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT.—Not later than September 30, President of U.S. 1985, the President shall report to the Congress on the assist- ance provided pursuant to this Act. (2) INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN REPORT.— (A) USE OF FUNDS.—The report pursuant to this subsec- tion shall describe the uses, by the Agency for International Development and by the Department of State, of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act, including— (i) a description of each project or program supported with any of those funds, and the amount allocated to it; (ii) the identity of each private and volunt;ary organization or international organization receiving any of those funds, and the amount of funds each received; (iii) the amount of those funds used for assistance to each country; (iv) the amount of those funds, if any, which will not have been obligated as of September 30, 1985; and (v) a list of any projects or programs supported with those funds which are not expected to be completed as ofDecemberSl, 1985.
99 STAT. 24 PUBLIC LAW 99-8—APR. 2, 1985 (B) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ASSISTANCE.—The report pursuant to this subsection shall describe any goods or services provided by the Department of Defense with re- spect to which the special rule set forth in section 4 of this Act were applied. (C) NEED FOR ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE.—The report pursu- ant to this subsection shall assess the need for additional assistance to meet the short-term emergency resulting from the food supply problem in Africa. : Approved April 2, 1985. ^-.,, i LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—S. 689: CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 131 (1985): Mar. 19, considered and passed Senate. Mar. 21, considered and passed House.