S. 908 (99th): Agriculture Act of 1985

Introduced:
Apr 16, 1985 (99th Congress, 1985–1986)
Status:
Died (Reported by Committee)
Sponsor
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky
Party
Republican
Related Bills
S. 1714 (Related)
Agriculture, Food, Trade, and Conservation Act of 1985

Reported by Committee
Last Action: Sep 19, 1985

 
Status

This bill was introduced on September 19, 1985, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Progress
Introduced Apr 16, 1985
Referred to Committee Apr 16, 1985
Reported by Committee Sep 19, 1985
 
Full Title

A bill to provide market expansion and income protection for farmers, assure consumers an abundance of food and fiber at reasonable prices, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Cosponsors
12 cosponsors (10R, 2D) (show)
Committees

Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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Notes

S. stands for Senate bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


4/16/1985--Introduced.
Agriculture Act of 1985 -
Title I - Dairy
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set milk price support levels at 90 percent of the previous three year average. Provides for: (1) automatic price support revisions on April 1 and October 1 of 1986 through 1989; and (2) additional adjustments based on Government purchase levels. Extends authority through 1989 for: (1) the dairy indemnity program; and (2) the program of dairy product transfers to the military and veterans' hospitals. Amends specified milk marketing order provisions.
Title II - Wool and Mohair
Amends the National Wool Act of 1954 to extend the wool program through 1989.
Title III - Wheat
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set loan and purchase levels for the 1986 through 1989 wheat crops at 75 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than ten percent.
Sets 1986 target prices at not less than 1985 levels.
Sets target prices beginning in 1987 at 110 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limts annual adjustments to not more than five percent.
Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to require compliance with an acreage reduction or paid land diversion program as a condition of eligibility for program benefits.
Requires the Secretary to implement an acreage reduction program if carryover stocks exceed four percent of annual world utilization.
Suspends specified marketing quota and producer certificate provisions.
Title IV - Feed Grains
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set loan and purchase levels for the 1986 through 1989 corn crops at 75 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than ten percent.
Sets loan and purchase levels for grain sorghum, barley, oats, and rye in relation to corn levels.
Sets 1986 target prices at not less than 1985 levels.
Sets target prices beginning in 1987 at 110 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than five percent.
Authorizes the Secretary to require compliance with an acreage reduction or paid land diversion program as a condition of eligibility for program benefits.
Requires the Secretary to implement an acreage reduction program if carryover stocks exceed four percent of annual world utilization.
Title V - Cotton
Suspends specified base acreage allotment and marketing quota provisions for the 1986 through 1989 upland cotton crops.
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set upland cotton loan rates at the lower of:
(1) 85 percent of the average U.S. spot market price (weighted by market and month) for the preceding five years, excluding the high and low years; or
(2) 90 percent of the average of comparable cotton prices, quoted C.I.F. northern Europe. Limits annual adjustments to not more than ten percent.
Sets 1986 target prices at not less than 1985 levels.
Sets target prices beginning in 1987 at 110 percent of the same average market price used to determine loan rates.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than five percent.
Directs the President to establish a special limited global import quota for upland cotton if average spot prices exceed specified levels.
Authorizes the Secretary to require compliance with an acreage reduction or paid land diversion program as a condition of eligibility for program benefits.
Requires the Secretary to implement an acreage reduction program if upland cotton carryover stocks exceed normal supply by more than 15 percent.
Title VI - Rice
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set loan and purchase levels for the 1986 through 1989 rice crops at 75 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than ten percent.
Sets 1986 target prices at not less than 1985 levels.
Sets target prices beginning in 1987 at 110 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years.
Limits annual adjustments to not more than five percent.
Authorizes the Secretary to require compliance with an acreage reduction or paid land diversion program as a condition of eligibility for program benefits.
Requires the Secretary to implement an acreage reduction program if rice carryover stocks exceed normal supply by more than 15 percent.
Title VII - Peanuts
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to establish the national poundage quota for the 1986 through 1989 peanut crops at the level of the previous three-year average of domestic edible and seed use. Authorizes modifications of up to five percent. Extends price support provisions for the 1986 through 1989 peanut crops. Permits changes in support levels based upon changes in the prices paid index.
Title VIII - Soybeans
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set loan and purchase levels for the 1986 through 1989 soybean crops at 75 percent of the preceding five year average, excluding high and low years. Stipulates that such level may not be less than $5.02 per bushel. Limits annual support reductions to not more than ten percent or below $4.50 per bushel.
Title IX - Sugar
Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to set loan levels for the 1986 through 1989 sugarcane crops at 18 cents per pound. Bases sugar beet support levels on sugarcane prices.
Title X - Miscellaneous
Subtitle A - Advance Diversion Payments
States that if the Secretary makes land diversion payments to assist in adjusting acreage for the 1986 through 1989 crops of wheat, feed grains, cotton, or rice, at least 50 percent of such payment shall be made available as soon as possible after program signup.
Subtitle B - Grain Reserves
Terminates the producer-owned reserve storage program.
Subtitle C - Miscellaneous Commodity Provisions
Limits annual deficiency payments to $50,000 per person for the 1986 through 1989 crop years.
Subtitle D - General Provisions
Extends the special grazing and hay program through 1989.
Title XI - Agricultural Export and Public Law 480
Subtitle A - Export Provisions
Amends the Food for Peace Act of 1966 to extend authority through 1989 for the Agricultural Export Credit Revolving Fund. Exempts export sales financed or guaranteed by the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) from cargo preference laws.
Amends the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 to exempt the special standby export subsidy program from cargo preference laws.
Directs the Secretary to use bonus commodities from CCC to offset the adverse effects of competing countries' subsidies and currency exchanges.
Exempts such exports from cargo preference laws.
Subtitle B - Public Law 480
Amends the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to increase minimum export tonnage levels. Exempts such exports from cargo preference laws. Extends such programs through 1989.
Title XII - Resource Conservation
Subtitle A - Conservation Reserve
Directs the Secretary to establish a conservation reserve program to convert cropland and highly erodible land to less intensive use.
Subtitle B - Program Eligibility on Highly Erodible Land
Makes any person who cultivates crops on highly erodible land ineligible for price support and other agricultural loans and benefits.
Subtitle C - General Provisions
Authorizes appropriations.
Title XIII - Effective date
Makes the provisions of this Act effective upon enactment, unless otherwise so provided.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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