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Members of Congress

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The United States Congress has an upper chamber called the Senate and a lower chamber called the House of Representatives (or “House” for short) which share the responsibilities of the legislative process to create federal statutory law.

The Senate

The 50 states elect 2 senators each for staggered 6-year terms. A senator represents between 1 and 37 million people, depending on their state’s population.

The day-to-day activities of the Senate are controlled largely by the political party holding the most seats, called the “majority party.“ Here is a count of senators by party:

Republicans 54
Democrats 44
Independents 2
Total 100

The House of Representatives

The states are also divided into 435 congressional districts with a population of about 710,000 each. Each district elects a representative to the House of Representatives for a 2-year term.

As in the Senate, the day-to-day activities of the House are controlled by the “majority party.“ Here is a count of representatives by party:

Republicans 245
Democrats 188
Vacancies 2
Total 435

In addition, the District of Columbia and the U.S.’s five island territories each send a non-voting delegate to the House. Puerto Rico’s delegate is called the Resident Commissioner.

Report Cards

Each year we compile all of our statistics into a report card for each Member of Congress.

2014 Report Cards (for the 113th Congress (2013-2014); posted Jan. 16, 2015)

2013 Report Cards (for the 2013 legislative year; posted Jan. 8, 2014)

Congressional Sessions

Congress works in two-year sessions tied to the elections. Each session is actually called a Congress and begins in the January of the year following an election.

We are currently in the 114th Congress which began on Jan 6, 2015. The 113th Congress ended on Jan 2, 2015.