Mikva is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Mikva sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 14, 1975 to Dec 13, 1980. See full analysis methodology.
Mikva was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 15571 (94th): A bill to amend chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 and title II of the Social Security Act to provide that the payment of ...
- H.R. 6156 (94th): A bill for the relief of Walma T. Thompson.
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Mikva sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Commerce (23%) Taxation (21%) Social Welfare (18%) Government Operations and Politics (12%) Labor and Employment (8%) Education (7%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (6%) Crime and Law Enforcement (6%)
Some of Mikva’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3403 (96th): Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act
- H.R. 2498 (96th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to remove ...
- H.R. 2430 (96th): Social Security Refinancing Amendments of 1979
- H.R. 2305 (96th): Franchise Reform Act
- H.R. 2209 (96th): Sales Representatives Protection Act
- H.R. 2208 (96th): A bill to exempt certain defense-related articles from the preferential tariff treatment ...
- H.R. 1766 (96th): A bill for the relief of Soon Hee Han.
From Jan 1969 to Sep 1979, Mikva missed 644 of 4,370 roll call votes, which is 14.7%. This is much worse than the median of 8.6% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1979. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills