Simpson is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1996 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Simpson sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Simpson was the primary sponsor of 10 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 966 (104th): A bill for the relief of Nathan C. Vance, and for other purposes.
- S. 1889 (102nd): A bill to designate the United States Courthouse located at 111 South Wolcott in Casper, Wyoming, as the “Ewing T. Kerr United States Courthouse”.
- S.J.Res. 159 (102nd): A joint resolution to designate the month of June 1991, as “National Forest System Month”.
- S. 1200 (99th): Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
- S. 1291 (98th): An original bill to authorize appropriations to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in accordance with section 261 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, and section 305 of ...
- S. 1388 (98th): Veterans’ Compensation and Program Improvements Amendments of 1983
- S. 1850 (98th): A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to extend for one year the authority of the Veterans’ Administration to provide certain contract medical services in ...
Does 10 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Simpson sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (18%) Armed Forces and National Security (17%) Health (14%) Labor and Employment (13%) Law (11%) Social Welfare (10%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Education (8%)
Some of Simpson’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2191 (104th): Alien Public Assistance Benefits Amendments of 1996
- S. 2188 (104th): A bill to provide for the retention of the name of the ...
- S. 2152 (104th): Agent Orange Benefits Act of 1996
- S. 2151 (104th): Department of Veterans Affairs Employment Reduction Assistance Act of 1996
- S. 2011 (104th): A bill to ensure that appropriated funds are not used for operation ...
- S. 2012 (104th): A bill to redesignate the title of the National Cemetery System and ...
- S. 1907 (104th): Daylight Saving time Extension Act of 1996
From Feb 1979 to Oct 1996, Simpson missed 330 of 7,052 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills