Espy was the representative for Mississippi’s 2nd congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1987 to 1993.
Espy is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1992 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Espy sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 9, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Espy was the primary sponsor of 7 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 503 (102nd): Acknowledging the sacrifices that military families have made on behalf of the Nation and designating November 23, 1992, as “National Military Families Recognition Day”.
- H.J.Res. 215 (102nd): Acknowledging the sacrifices that military families have made on behalf of the Nation and designating November 25, 1991, as “National Military Families Recognition Day”.
- H.J.Res. 566 (101st): Acknowledging the sacrifices that military families have made on behalf of the Nation and designating November 19, 1990, as “National Military Families Recognition Day”.
- H.R. 2174 (101st): Mississippi River Corridor Study Commission Act of 1989
- H.R. 2799 (101st): To amend the Agricultural Act of 1949 to allow the planting of alternate crops on permitted acreage for the 1990 crop year.
- H.J.Res. 385 (101st): Acknowledging the sacrifices that military families have made on behalf of the Nation and designating November 20, 1989, as “National Military Families Recognition Day”.
- H.J.Res. 178 (100th): A joint resolution designating April 4, 1987 as “National Catfish Day”.
Does 7 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Espy sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Agriculture and Food (32%) Government Operations and Politics (18%) Families (14%) Water Resources Development (9%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Armed Forces and National Security (9%) Finance and Financial Sector (9%)
Some of Espy’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 183 (103rd): Lower Mississippi Delta Development Financing Corporation Act
- H.R. 6188 (102nd): Lower Mississippi Delta Development Financing Corporation Act
- H.R. 5742 (102nd): USDA National Appeals Division Act of 1992
- H.J.Res. 503 (102nd): Acknowledging the sacrifices that military families have made on behalf of the ...
- H.R. 5286 (102nd): Lower Mississippi River Museum and Riverfront Interpretive Site Act of 1992
- H.R. 4531 (102nd): To require the Secretary of Agriculture to include rice in the definition ...
- H.Res. 220 (102nd): To honor accomplishments and express the appreciation for a dedicated career in ...
From Jan 1987 to Jan 1993, Espy missed 231 of 2,781 roll call votes, which is 8.3%. This is much worse than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jan 1993. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills