McCandless is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills McCandless sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1989 to Nov 29, 1994. See full analysis methodology.
McCandless was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 5102 (103rd): To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to certain crimes relating to Congressional medals of honor.
- H.R. 4050 (100th): A bill for the relief of certain persons in Riverside County, California who purchased land in good faith reliance on an existing private land survey.
- H.R. 2615 (100th): A bill to provide that certain lands shall be in trust for the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California.
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
McCandless sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Crime and Law Enforcement (23%) Social Welfare (17%) Government Operations and Politics (13%) Taxation (13%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (10%) Health (10%) Immigration (7%) Native Americans (7%)
Some of McCandless’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5102 (103rd): To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to certain crimes ...
- H.R. 1629 (103rd): To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to the use ...
- H.R. 1628 (103rd): To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to clarify the ...
- H.R. 621 (103rd): Anti-Flight Act of 1993
- H.R. 620 (103rd): To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to allow the identification of ...
- H.R. 623 (103rd): Social Security Reorganization Act of 1993
- H.R. 622 (103rd): To amend title II of the Social Security Act so as to ...
From Jan 1983 to Nov 1994, McCandless missed 272 of 5,693 roll call votes, which is 4.8%. This is worse than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills