Jacobs is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Jacobs sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Jacobs was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 4278 (103rd): Social Security Domestic Employment Reform Act of 1994
- H.R. 4277 (103rd): Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994
- H.R. 2973 (98th): An act to promote economic revitalization and facilitate expansion of economic opportunities in the Caribbean Basin region, to provide for backup withholding of tax from interest and ...
- H.R. 5470 (97th): Periodic Payment Settlement Tax Act of 1982
- H.R. 6531 (96th): A bill to name a certain Federal building in Indianapolis, Indiana, the Minton-Capehart Federal Building.
- H.R. 9075 (95th): A bill for the relief of John F. Johnson.
- H.R. 2944 (95th): A bill for the relief of Ricky Lee Trautvetter.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Jacobs sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (25%) Taxation (17%) Social Welfare (14%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Health (10%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (8%) Law (8%) Labor and Employment (6%)
Some of Jacobs’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3678 (104th): To extend the Medicare waiver of liability provisions for home health agencies, ...
- H.Res. 420 (104th): Recognizing and commending Viola Liuzzo for her extraordinary courage and for her ...
- H.R. 3243 (104th): To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 ...
- H.R. 3096 (104th): What-Really-Happened Act of 1996
- H.R. 2220 (104th): Health Insurance Portability and Guaranteed Renewability Act of 1995
- H.R. 1676 (104th): To amend the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 to clarify that ...
- H.R. 1587 (104th): Social Security Court of Appeals Act of 1995
From Jan 1965 to Sep 1996, Jacobs missed 749 of 13,898 roll call votes, which is 5.4%. This is worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- @unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills