Rep. Andrew Kiefer
Former Representative for Minnesota’s 4th District
From Aug 1893 to Mar 1897, Kiefer missed 197 of 535 roll call votes, which is 36.8%. This is on par with the median of 36.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1897. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1893-Mar 1894||134||94||70.1%||55th|
|Dec 1894-Mar 1895||48||2||4.2%||2nd|
|Dec 1895-Feb 1896||18||1||5.6%||10th|
|Dec 1896-Mar 1897||62||13||21.0%||14th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo