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Rep. Andy Harris’s 2020 Report Card

Representative from Maryland's 1st District
Republican
Serving Jan 5, 2011 – Jan 3, 2023


These statistics cover Harris’s record during the 116th Congress (Jan 3, 2019-Jan 3, 2021) and compare him to other representatives also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Jan 30, 2021.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Harris’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Joined bipartisan bills the most often compared to Maryland Delegation

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. Of the 205 bills that Harris cosponsored, 29% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Republican. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (61st percentile); House Republicans (19th percentile); All Representatives (62nd percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the fewest bills compared to Maryland Delegation

In this era of partisanship, it is important to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 1 of Harris’s 1 bills and resolutions had a cosponsor from a different political party than the party Harris caucused with in the 116th Congress.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (3rd percentile); House Republicans (5th percentile); All Representatives (3rd percentile).

Cosponsors who caucused with neither the Democratic nor Republican party do not count toward this statistic.


 

Got their bills out of committee the least often compared to Maryland Delegation (tied with 1 other)

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Harris introduced 0 bills in the 116th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 2nd fewest bills compared to Maryland Delegation

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 1 of Harris’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 2014: Conscience Protection Act of 2019

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (12th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (9th percentile); House Republicans (14th percentile); All Representatives (9th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Introduced the 3rd fewest bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 2 others)

Harris introduced 1 bill and resolution in the 116th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (12th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (1st percentile); House Republicans (1st percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).


 

Got the 86th fewest cosponsors on their bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

Harris’s bills and resolutions had 90 cosponsors in the 116th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (22nd percentile); House Republicans (35th percentile); All Representatives (19th percentile).


 

Cosponsored the 104th fewest bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

Harris cosponsored 205 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (26th percentile); House Republicans (48th percentile); All Representatives (24th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Harris introduced 0 bills that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 116th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Powerful Cosponsors

0 of Harris’s bills and resolutions in the 116th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).


 

Committee Positions

Harris held a leadership position on 0 committees and 0 subcommittees, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).


 

Missed Votes

Harris missed 2.0% of votes (19 of 954 votes) in the 116th Congress. View Harris’s Profile »

Compare to all Maryland Delegation (62nd percentile); Serving 10+ Years (40th percentile); All Representatives (47th percentile).

The Speaker of the House, per current House rules, is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings” and is never recorded as missing a vote, and may not be included in the comparison with other representatives if not voting. The delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are not eligible to vote in most roll call votes and so may not appear here if not elligible for any vote during the time period of these statistics.


Additional Notes

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 116th Congress) was the 116th Congress (freshmen) or 115th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.